Abbildungen der Seite

call a tree leafy, and a bird hoppy, and a part of whose duties it is to teach the

glide cat purry, is genuine nature; that to speak mother blackbird to lead astray the foolish With unsuperfluous lift of their proud wings. of brutes having " lamping eyes,” (page boy

The Nereids are painted in a better man13 of this vol.) of rills among stones having

When he would steal the huddled nest away.

ner, but still very affectedly, as “ little whiffling tones” (page 15,) of " sleek seas (page 20,) and similar fool. And next,

- lifting ocean's billows, eries, is pure unadulterated inspiration,

Making them banks and pillows,

Then, there the hamadriads are, their sisters, Upon whose springiness they lean and ride : and not silly nonsense. They may be right: Simpler Crown twisters,

Some with an inward back; some upward-eyed, we are scepties.

But to proceed somewhat more methodi. As for the Napeads, whom we expected Feeling the sky; and some with sidelong hips cally with Mr. Leigh Hunt's volume, which to find at St. Helena, the guardian angels O'er which the surface of the water slips. we the rather treat unceremoniously, be- of poor Nap, they have the care of fresh They fly from the windy voices of the

clouds, and cause he has the pen in his hand,

and the flowers from the spoil means of publicly refuting any misrepre- Of beasts, and blasts, and other blind mishaps Most they love sleek seas and springy sands. sentation (advantages which few writers For little children's laps

It is not to be imagined that there are possess, we have to state, that it consists of the Limniads little is told us, but as not beauties scattered among these deformiof a dedication and preface, a principal they take their pleasure in the lakes' we ties, which are taken from the first part alone. poem in two parts, entitled . The Nymphs,' suppose, Mr. Hunt thought it polite not to The general conception of the subject is bix or eight short miscellaneous composi- trespass on the property of the Lake Poets. poetical, although pursued into ramifications, as many Epistles, twice as many The Oreads “frequent the lifted mountains,' tions which destroy its effect, and treated, Sonnets, and some translations from Homer, and never was the adage more applicable as we think these extracts will prove, in a Theocritus, Catullus, and other ancient than to their picture-Parturiunt montes, strangely conceited manner. What, for inbards.

nascetur ridiculus mus,- for some of them stance, can be more fantastical than this The preface displays a little pardonable

idea of the guardians of shady groves,egotism and vanity. Mr. Hunt explains what go leaping by the laughing fountains he considers to be the properties of poetry,

Down the touched crags

Ethereal human shapes, perhaps the souls viz. “ a sensativeness to the beauty of the and others

Of poets and poetic women, staying

To have their fall of pipes and leafy playingexternal world, to the unsophisticated im

Sit perfumed underneath the cedarn shades pulses of our nature, and above all, imagi

And their companions the nymphs, who are

Feeding the gazel with his lamping eyes! nation, or the power to see, with verisimili.

assured, tude, what others do not"--and, quoth he, The charge of the Ephydriads is not very This hum in air, which the still ear perceives with much simplicity,

This is a secret clearly defined. They haunt islands in Is your unglarrelling voice among the leaves ; which I saw very early; and I attribute to such situations as is laid down in the under. And now I find, whose are the laughs and stirrings the knowledge of it whatever popularity 1 written, and which bafiles our topographical To make the delicate birds dart so in whisks and may have obtained, whether in verse or skill,

whirrings. prose.". He then mentions the three living poets whom he ehuses to rank with himself Betwixt a heap of tree-tops, hollow and dun,

there, where a gap

How very different is the following sweet

natural sketch of the pears is confined to Himself, Byron, Moore, And whence the fountain's tongue begins to lap,

fragrant-living bee and Wordsworth. The rest of this preface There lie they, lulled by little whifting tones

So happy, that he will not move, not he

Without a song is not very remarkable for any thing but an Of rills among the stones, ill-digested mass of notions respecting many Or by the rounder murmur, glib and flush

Or the well imagined time writers of all ages and nations, as a sample of the escaping gush

When morning runs along the sea of which we may quote one period alluding That laughs and tumbles, like a conscious thing, In a gold pathto the Greek mythology: “ Spenser, Ben Por joy of all its future travelling.

But indeed the entire opening of the second Jonson, Beaumont and Fletcher, evidently Lord help us ! But really this seems to us part displays poetical powers not easily to sparkled up, and had their most graceful to be sheer raving, and we know not what be reconciled with the

puerility of the geneperceptions upon them, whenever they to make of hollow and dun tree-tops shew- ral tone, nor even with the quaint language turned to the fair forms and leafy luxuries ing where waters run, nor of the tongues which deforms them. of ancient imagination."


fountains beginning to lap like a litter As I thought this, a neighbouring wood of elms Not pretending to understand this prose, of puppies, nor of little or great whif. Was moved, and stirred and whispered loftily, we pass to what, from the shape of the Aing tones of streamlets, nor even of their Much like a pomp of warriors with plumed helms, lines and other indications, we take to be round nor square murmurs however glib and when some great general whom they long to see The Nymphs is a sort of poetic vision, is more aqueous) nor tumbling, nor confush, nor, verily, of their laughing (crying Is heard behind them

- And on the place in which all the tribes which the Classical sciousness, nor future tours. The whole is There fell a shade as on an awe-struck face ; Dictionary mentioneth, are seen and de- a rhapsody, and so it proceeds

And overhead, like a portentous rim scribed by the author in a woody walk.

Pulled over the wide world, to make all dim, The minuteness is so task-like, that were The lizard circuits them— (i. e. the Ephydriads) A grave gigantic cloud came hugely uplifting him. we not sure the Rape of the Lock was itself

and his grave will It passed with its slow shadow; and I saw a burlesque, we should have taken this as a The frog, with reckoning leap, enjoys apart

Where it went down beyond me on the plain, burlesque, performed as a given exercise, Till now and then the woodcock frights his heart Sloping its dusky ladders of thick rain ;

And on the mist it made, and blinding awe, on Pope's Gnomes and Sylphs. We have

The sun, re-issuing in the opposite sky, the Dryads, Hamadryads, Napeads, Lim. And all is woody, mossy, and watery.

Struck the all-coloured arch of his great eye : niads, Oreads, Ephydriads, Naiads, Ne- The last line is an entirely new species of And up, the rest o' the country laughed again : reids, &c. all as large as life, doing, bona rhythm: a whole poem in it would be ex- The leaves were amber; the sunshine fide before Mr. Hunt's eyes, the business tremely curious! We are afraid we must Scored on the ground its conquering line ; which the old mythological writers in fatigue our readers with these selections, and the quick birds, for scorn of the great cloud, their various fancies assigned them. For but we shall dismiss the other nymphs Like children after fear, were merry and loud. example,

briefly.' The Naiads are well known, and the We have here extracted what in our opiThere are the fair nymphs o' the woods, (Look ye, only new trait in their character discovered nion is infinitely the best passage in the Whom kindred Pancies have brought after me!) by the author is that they lure the swans poem, which is given to the description of There are the fair-limbed Dryades on, which following them,

à crowd of aerial figures sailing on th



clouds, and ultimately descending in a There only remain the Translations to tions amounted to the sun of three circle, and kissing the eyes of the poet. notice. As themes in the second or third thalers, four groschens, and two pfenOf the far-fetched nature of this descrip- form they might merit praise, but they are nings.”—This is certainly not the way tion a few lines will afford a sufficient little calculated to add a value even to this in which Plutarch wrote the lives of notion,

publication. We wonder that when the tiMost exquisite it was indeed to see

tle of: Foliage was so prettily assumed in his illustrious men. How these blithe damsels guided variously

imitation of the German Leaves', ' and Before, behind, beside

when the paltry conceit was prolonged by

naming these productions Evergreens,' it VOYAGE TO THE CONGO. - Another only shewed was not rendered still inore puerile by add

(Captain Tuckey's Narrative continued.) On the far side a foot and leg, that glowed ing instead of translated, 'transplanted from Under the cloud ; a sweeping back another, the ancient poets. There is much of silli- At ban za Inga, as we concluded in Turning her from us like a suckling mother;

ness in such doings, and we trust when the our last Number, the British found the She next, aside, lifting her arms to tie

author's brain exfoliates in its next spring, government in a commission of the inHer locks into a flowing knot; and she That followed her, a smooth down-arching thigh he will give us less of his new-fangled blos- ferior officers, who at the very first disTapering with tremulous mass internally. Here we are again gravelled, and our ana- perides. As it is, his nymphs are not of the Hes: played both jealousy and cupidity. To

this junta Captain Tuckey thought it tomical knowledge fails us as completely as

prudent to vary his tale, and instead of our topographical. We shall conclude with

disclaiming traffic, gave them to underone specimen more, which in ten lines com

LUTHER'S MARRIAGE. stand that he was the fore-runner of prehends nearly all the absurdities of Mr. Hunt's muse, being at once senseless in

other white men, who would bring

There has just appeared in Germany then every thing they required, proepithets, confused in metaphor, affected in a work entitled, A Description of all the style, nonsensical where intelligible, and Curiosities relative to Martin Luther ;-the

vided his report of their conduct was incomprehensible in its other figures, simi

favourable. A guide was promised to author is M. Berger, Director of the lies, and elucidations.

Hospital of Eisleben.


conduct the party to the place where the

appears And more remain; (such things are in Heaven's highly indignant at an assertion made about half a day's journey from Inga; and

river was again navigable for canoes, Besides the grander spheres):

by a Catholic of distinction, who con. For as the racks came sleeking on, one fell tends that Luther was in reality never fathoms of baft, were the price of this

though four jars of brandy, and eight With rain into a dell,

married. M. Berger has taken infinite Breaking with scatter of a thonsand notes

concession, the guide was not forthpains to collect authentic documents, Like twangling pearl; and I perceived how she

The Who loosed it with her hands, pressed kneadingly, in which the following facts are incon- coming at the appointed time.

narrative then proceeds: As though it had been wine in grapy coals ; testably proved. The author regards And out it gushed, with that enchanting sound them as highly important to pos-sation, being unable to buy a single fowl,

Exasperated by this intolerable tergiverIn a wet shadow to the ground.

terity:Were Mr. Hunt to exclaim with Lord « On the 13th of June 1523, whilst monstrated in the strongest manner, and

and having but three days provisions, I rePeter, he that does not understand let him Dr. Pommer, the painter Cranach, and deviated a little from my hitherto patient die and be d—d,' we must bear the full the advocate Apell, were discoursing and conciliating manners, by telling them brunt of the curse, for to us this whole pas- with Martin Luther, the latter re

that if they did not furnish a guide, I sage is utterly inexplicable.

We pass over the Miscellanies, which are quested that they would accompany should proceed in spite of them, ordering very indifferent pieces, with all their fine- him to call on the notary Reichenbach, fall in under arms; at the sight of which eyed' pure-eyed. far-eyed' and every kind Catharine Bora, a reformed nun, lodged the palaver broke up, and it was sauve qui but gimlet-eyed phraseology; and merely in Reichenbach's house, leading a life peut. The women and children who had notice the Epistles, to say that they are ad- of modesty and piety. Luther asked focked to see white men for the first time, Tom' (Moore), * Dear Hazlitt," and · Dear her whether she was willing to become disappeared, and the banza became a de. Field,' and other friends of the writer's. his wife ? At first she did not know sert; on inquiring for the men who had They attempt to be easy and facetious, but whether he was joking or in earnest, come with nie from Cooloo, I also found will not bear analysis either for wit or ver- and she returned no answer.

that they had vanished with their masters;

Luther sification. Ex. gr. in one to 'Charles Lamb:' however declared that he was serious, banza.

in short, I was the sole occupier of the the following is the most humorous passage, and Catharine at length gave hiin her But now Charles, you never (so blissful you hand. The marriage ceremony was

Conciliating measures deem me) performed on the 27th of June. In Regency again appeared, attended by

adopted, and after an hour's delay the Come lounging with twirl of umbrella to see me. In vain have we hoped to be set at our ease

order that it inight be joyfully cele. about fifty inen, of whom fourteen had By the rains, which you know used to bring brated, the magistrates delivered to the muskets. The Mambom, or War Mi

Lamb and pease; In vain we look out like the children in Thomson, Gucsts four bottles of Malmsey wine, nister, made a long speech, to which And say, in our innocence, “ Surely he'll come

an equal portion of Rhenish wine, and his army howled a sort of chorus. soon."

six quarts of Franconian wine. The 'The sonnets are queer things. One of council of the city moreover presented the War Kissey, composed of Buffalo's hair

During this speech he held in his hand them to Henry Robertsou and John Gattie Martin Luther with a tun of Eimbrick and dirty rags, and which (as we afterwards begins thus, beer.

understood) he occasionally invoked to Harry, my friend, who full of tasteful glee,

Finally, as an additional proof of break the locks and wet the powder in our Have music all about you, heart and lips; And, John, whose voice is like a rill that slips

their admiration for the Reformer, the muskets. Over the sunny pebbles breathingly,

magistracy pledged themselves, in the As Captain T. did not wish to come Harry may be a barrel-organ, but whnt John name of the citizens, to pay for all the to extremities, he compromised this Gattie's gurgling voice resembles defeats wine he might consunie for the space quarrel, and agreed to wait till dayour imaginatire faculty.

of a year. The whole of these dona- light for a guide.



The people here had never before seen a After ten days in a canoe, we should showers of rain which they expect soon white man, and the European commodities come to a large sandy island which makes after its close (that is to say, when the sun we saw were reduced to a little stone jug, two channels, one to the NW. and the other is on the equator :) they then begin to sow and some rags of clothing. The language to the NE.; that in the latter there is a their Indian corn and ground-nuts. The is a dialect of the Embomma, but consider- fall, but that canoes are easily got above it; heavy rains do not set in for six weeks ably differing. The Chenoo receives his cap that twenty days above the island, the river later. The river begins to rise a month befrom the Benzy N'Congo, who resides ten issues by many small streams from a great fore the rains, that is, immediately after the days journey to the NW. and not on the marsh or lake of mud.

season of showers has set in. . - : - A ganriver. We bought half a dozen of fowls,

This information appears to set the gam kissey passed through the banza, atrate of three beads for a canteen. There question of the identity of the Congo all the instruments of his

profession, viz. a is here a good deal of lignum vitæ, the and Niger at rest ; but we are by no big drum, a parcel of calabashes filled with largest seen about 4 inches in diameter. means sure that even the unanimous in- small stones, a piece of a tree, and a dozen On the next morning, August 24th, relied upon. Indeed it was soon as

telligence of the Mavoonda-ites is to be stinking fetiches. it was found that the natives were dis- certained that their account of the river ing village, to discover the cause of a

Ile had been sent for to a neighbourposed to throw every obstacle in the way of the progress of the Expedition: rect. Induced, however, by their reimmediately above them was not cor

man's death; and, in fact, denounced. They said the people further on would

three men of another village as the shoot them from the bushes, and this presentations, and believing the river

poisoners. These unfortunate wretches determined the Cooloo porters to pro above Yellala, Captain T. determined deal of chewing poisoned bark, which,

to be again navigable 20 or 24 miles were thereupon condemned to the orceed no further. At length, the pri- to purchase two canoes and ascend the if guilty, would remain in their stoof the Inga gentlemen to offer himself stream. During the night of the 24th, mach and destroy them, if innocent, as a guide, and five of his sons to carry drenched by two smart showers of rain,

bivouacking in the open air, they were would be rejected. The natives have the provisions. Leaving every thing and in the morning returned to Inga, idols, and in these priests, who are al

an irremoveable confidence in their else to the care of the Couloo men, whence Lieutenant Hawkey was disCaptain T. at length marched with this

ways accompanied by a novice who sucescort at 11 o'clock. At the end of the patched, with 14 men of that place, to ceeds them in their calling. A Soondy banza they passed a blacksmith at work, Cooloo, to bring up the provisions and slave conuing down, and an Embomma Gtting a hoe into a handle ; his belpresents. The career of poor

slave-trader going up, afforded our tralows was composed of two skin bags, the naturalist terminated here: he was

vellers no interesting intelligence. The and his anvil a large stone, but as the too ill to proceed, and set out with the former forgot even the name of his iron was never brought to a red heat, party to regain the ship. During the latter portion of these excursions, it latter was evidently unwilling to en

own town in the Ben country; and the he got on very slowly with his job.

was observed that Our road (says the Captain) lay chiefly

courage European enterprise in this along the winding bottom of a valley, being divinity named Meronga. it is the quarter: The ficus religiosa is here, as tween two ridges of bills; the valley ge- figure of a man, the body stuck with bits of in the East, a sacred tree, and planted nerally very fertile, but now without water, iron, feathers, old rags, &c. and resembles

every market-place. though furrowed by extremely deep beds of nothing so much as one of our scare-crows. only instrument of husbandry: torrents. In the valley we found two towns Each house has its dii penites, male and

Captain T. observes, that the impedisurrounded by plantations of manioc grow female, who are invoked on all occasions. --ments to communications, from the naing almost to the size of trees. A flock of -- Before marriage, the fathers or brothers ture of the country, and the want of ri20 or 30 goats was a novel sight, but the of a girl prostitute her to every man who vers, is the grand obstacle to the civilimaster being absent we could not purchase will pay two fathoms of cloth; nor does one. The women sold us some manioc, this derogate in any way from her charac

zation of Africa, and gave us a jar of water. At the upper ter, or prevent her being afterwards mar

The abolition of the Slave Trade (he end of the valley we found a complete banza ried. The wives are, however, never traf- adds) though it will produce little or no of ant-hills, placed with more regularity ficked in this manner, except to white men effect on the state of domestic slavery, than the native banzas ; they were very of consideration. The boys are taken from (which is not incompatible with a high delarge, and had the shape of a mushroom, the mothers as soon as they can walk, and gree of civilization) must in the end tend but sometimes with double and treble domes, the father sits the whole day with them on greatly to improve Africa, by rendering the the latter evidently intended to carry off the water in the rains. At four o'clock we the father.

The girls are entirely neglected by communication between different parts

of the country free from the danger of being reached the river at Mavoonda Boaya, where we found it still lined with rocks and

At Kincaya, in the valley of Bemba Ma- kidnapped, which now represses all curiovast heaps of sand, but free from all ob-congo, the cicatrices or ornamental marks sity, or all desire of the people of one banza

on the bodies of both men and women, to go beyond the neighbouring one. Every struction in the middle, from two to three were much more raised than in the lower man I have conversed with, indeed, acknowhundred yards wide ; the current gentle parts of the river. The women, in particular, ledges, that if white men did not come for counter-current running up on the north | in a manner that must have cost them infi- no longer exist; and the wars, which nine shore; its direction NW.

nite pain, the way of affecting it being to times out of ten result from the European The Macaya of Mavoonda was civil : seize the skin between the fore-finger Slave Trade, would be proportionably less he presented palm wine, and got a and thumb, and scarify it longitudinally frequent. It is not, however, to be cotton umbrella in return. The infor- with a sharp knife; and when this is done expected that the effects of the abolition mation respecting the upward course so deep as to draw the blood, the juice of a will be immediately perceptible; on the of the Zaire was here the most distinct plant is applied as a styptic, and the deeper contrary, it will probably require more than

the cut is, the more raised is the cicatrice. one generation to become apparent : for yet obtained ; erery person agreeing - When the natives first saw the new effects which have been the consequence of

moon, they hailed it as the precursor of the l a practice of three centuries, will certainly


a mat.




continue long after the cause is removed ; | Prince of Luxemburg inquired how he did; | cultivated. The numerous mistakes which and, in fact, if we mean to accelerate the with tears in his eyes, the porter answered, antiquarians have committed respecting this progress of civilization, it can only be done " Ah, Prince ! except when he appears period, oblige M. de Quatremere to take a by colonization, and certainly there could before God, he cannot be worse!” This view of what is called the school of Dedabé no better point to commence at than the simple answer of the porter, indicates, in lus. It appears from Pausanias (IX. c. 3.) banks of the Zaire.

the opinion of our author, the fate that that before the time of Dedalus the

awaited the soul of that enemy of the Athenian, who lived 1400 years before the (To be continued.) Jesuits, in the other world.

Christian era, statues of wood were made, (To be continued.)

which were called Daidala, whence it should ABBE GEORGEL'S MEMOIR.

seem that the artist had taken his name from the kind of works which he executed.

The author concludes from this, not that (Continued.)


Dedalus never existed, but that the word At a subsequent period, when the Jesuits

Aardanos, ingenious, made with art, may in France saw that measures were seriously Art. IV. The Olympian Jupiter. By M. have become the surname of one particular carrying on in that kingdom to abolish

Quatremere de Quincy.

artist. He also thinks there were many artheir Order, they caused a memoir to be

tists of the same name: in fact, we find ardrawn up by Father de Neuville, in which, (Second anıl concluding Article on that interesting tists named Dedalus at a much later period : in order to ruin the Duke de Choiseul, the


hence, a confused tradition may have attri. minister, who was their most dangerous In explaining in our first article the ge- buted to one the works and historical facts enemy, they accused him of lavish extrava- neral ideas and the principal facts which which belong to many. gance, and abuse of the power confided to form the basis of the theory of M. Quatre- At the time of Dipænes and Seyllis, who him. They succeeded in getting this me- mere de Quincy, we have followed the whole lived in the 50th Olympiad, the art of sculpmorial presented to the King by the history of the Toreutic Art, or Sculpture ture in marble had made the first steps Dauphin (father of Louis XVI.) After on Metals, leaving to another occasion the in the hands of Malas, Miciades, Anthersome violent scenes between the latter, the analysis of his work at the interesting mus of Chios; Theodorus and Rhæcus, Marchioness de Pompadour and the Mini- epoch when successive improvements had perfecting the methods of casting and ster, the King at last threw the memorial into led to the introduction of the great and moulding, had greatly advanced statuary in the fire, and would not hear any more of magnificent works in gold and ivory forin- bronze ; "Gitiadas had covered with bas-rethe matter. From this moment, says the ing the branch which he calls the Chrys- liefs of bronze the temple of Minerva Chalauthor, the Dauphin, by incessant calum- elephantine Statuary. We have now there- ciæcos, at Sparta, lastly, Batycles, of Magnies, lost more and more the confidence of fore to resume the history of this important nesia, a contemporary of Dipænes and his father. From this time a lingering part, that is, to give the substance of 300 Scyllis, was executing the throne of Apollo sickness, the cause of which he himself very pages in folio.

at Amyclæ, on which he employed all the well knew, brought him day by day nearer The first fact with which we are struck resources of Toreutic. But to these two arto the grave. I will not revive the suspicion on entering into the examination of this tists are due the first statues in gold and concerning the author of his death; but so branch of the art, is to see the Greeks so ivory; works of a kind till then unknown. much I must remark, that in a private extremely lavish of a material like gold, Of all the temples in Greece which concompany at the Dowager Princess Ester- which, notwithstanding the considerable tained these works, that of Juno at Olymhazy's, where I was present, the Emperor quantities sent from Asia to Greece, was pia possessed the most ancient; it is thereJoseph II. said aloud, that there was great always from 10 to 13 times dearer than silver, fore with the statues in this temple that M. reason to suspect the Duke of Choiseul.- and about 37,000 times dearer than corn. Quatremere begins his grand review of all The editor of these memoirs, however, the M. de Quincy clearly shews the influence of the monuments of Chryselephantine Staauthor's nephew, adds in a note, that there religion on this custom, which astonishes tuary. He first endeavours to explain was no reasonable ground to be found for us, because luxury has taken, among the every thing relative to the temple; to which this suspicion, and that the Duke of Choi- moderns, an entirely different direction. he denies the high degree of antiquity seul was of far too mild and humane a dis- Before examining the structure and the which the text of Pausanias would lead us position to be capable of so enormous a composition of the statues in which ivory to attribute to it. There is every reason to crime. The author relates at great length and gold were the principal materials, it believe that this temple had become a kind the disgrace of this powerful minister after was necessary strictly to define the terms of museum of arts and antiquities, of which the death of Madame de Pompadour, and which authors have used, particularly in re- M. Quatremere gives the detail: Pausanias the manner in which it was effected by his spect to statues of gold, because the small- characterizes them by saying, they were in enemies, particularly the Countess du Barry. est mistake might lead to absurdities, or at a simple style. None of the statues in the Among the many anecdotes which he re- least to serious improbabilities,

Hereum seem to have exceeded the dilates on this occasion, le informs us that To these preliminary researches, M. Qua- mensions of the human stature ; and it does the minister's cousin, the Duke of Choiseul tremere adds an instructive and succinct not appear that Chryselephantiné statnary Praslin, Minister of the Marine, who was view of the use and abundance of ivory, be had yet ventured on colossal enterprises : disgraced along with him, had a mistress, fore that substance was employed to imitate doubtless, on account of the scarcity of the named Mademoiselle D'Angeville, the human body. In fact, says the author, it materials, and probably because so bold an actress, who had a very considerable pen- would be more easy to enumerate, among art, where all the processes must have so sion on the contract for straw for the galley the works of taste and industry of the an- much precision, in order that its produce slaves. The Duke of Choiseul himself was cients, those in which ivory was not em- tions may be durable, had not yet attained banished to his estate, whither he repaired, ployed, than to give an account of all those sufficient perfection. It is evident the cause accompanied by a crowd of friends, in a in which this substance constituted the va- cannot be looked for in want of taste for kind of triumph. After the death of lue and the ornament.

works of colossal size, for this taste was Louis XV. he obtained permission to return It was doubtless by degrees, or after a very ancient in Greece, where it resulted to Paris, where he lived many years in the succession of ages, that artists, from using from the influence of the arts of Egypt: most splendid manner. His death, says ivory in articles of luxury, applied it to and, in fact, colossal statues of a very reour author, resembled his life; he would sculpture. The union of gold and ivory in mote era may be mentioned. Such was hear nothing of God, nor of his servants, the decoration of furniture, was commu- that in the temple of Apollo, at Amyclæ; and gave orders in his will, that instead of nicated to works in bas-relief, during the it was 30 cubits (42 feet 9 inches Parisian a cross, a cypress should be planted on his long period in which, according to the au- measure) in height, and, standing upright ori grare. While he was on his death bed, the thor's theory, sculpture in wood was chiefly I its pedestal, resembled, says Pausanias, a


great column of bronze : the head was co-1 himself various advantages. His gas yields | upon the latitude, but upon the dip of the vered with a helmet, it had in one hand a light and warmth, and the material of needle; and in all places where the dip is bow, and in the other a lance. We may which it is made, is of more value when it alike, the quantity of this variation will be therefore form a pretty accurate idea of it, comes out of the retort where it is burnt similar, and, hence, was enabled to establish after this author. But it is not the same than when it is put in. “ We will leave, this most important rule: That the error with the throne. The description in Pau- says he, “ coals and charcoal to the manu- produced at any direction of the ship's head, sanias presents great difficulties, which factories ; my gas is derived from a finer rould be to the error at E. or W. at the seem to have completely baflled M. Heyne. material, which we have in abundance in same dip, as the sine of the angle betureen M. Quatremere de Quincy clearly proves, our country.”

the ship's head and the magnetic meridian, that the statue was much more ancient, and

was to the sine of 8 points of the compass or the work of an unknown artist. He con

the radius. This rule has since been estafutes the opinion of M. Heyne, who thought THE ROYAL INSTITUTION. blished by trials on board several of his this throne a kind of chapel. As for the Professor Millington's fifth and last Majesty's ships, and onght to be known to restoration of this curious monument, which lecture on Magnetism was delivered on

every one connected with maritime affairs he himself proposes, it is almost entirely Irednesday the 11th ult. and we lament Mr. Millington paid some highly deserved founded on analogies drawn from the throne that the press of matter in our last two compliments to Captain Flinders, for his inof the Olympian Jupiter : he thinks that Numbers presented our noticing it, as it defatigable exertions in the investigation of Phidias took from it the main idea of the contained several interesting particulars this principle, as well as to Colonel M. the supposition, that the throne of Amyclæ the public. Its first olject was to point mination of the changes in Terrestrial Mag. was, like the others, made of wood-work out the diurnal variation of the Needle, or netism, and spoke highly of a small work of covered with gold and ivory, materials of that which oceurs each day in addition to Mr. Bain's, which, with Captain Flinders's which, to say the truth, Pusanias does not the priucipal or general variation. This Narrative, are the only two books yet pubspeak. M. Quatremere's design is certainly daily change is from 4 to 12 minutes of a lished, which contain an account of the very ingenious, and answers to most of the degree; and since it is always greatest at

change of variation as affected by the ship's details furnished by Pausanias ; but yet we the hottest part of the day, or abont position. The remainder of this Lecture think it does not meet all the difficulties.

3 o'еlock, and least at an early hour in consisted of the account of some new ex(To be continued.)

the morning, and also varies with the sea- periments, to show the connexion between sons, being much more perceptible in sum- Magnetism and Electricity, which subject

mer than in winter ; it seems to point out was proposed to be entered upon after the LEARNED SOCIETIES. a connexion between Solar influence and the Easter recess.

magnetism of the Earth, which appears to OXFORD, March 28.—Yesterday, Mr. have been confirmed by the experiments of

FINE ARTS IN SCOTLAND. Henry Jenkins, of Corpus Christi College, Morichini, and the more recent ones of the was elected Fellow of Oriel College. Marquis Ridolfi, who asserts, that he can


render needles magnetic by exposing them Our sole design being through the March 27. – Professor to the violet ray produced by a glass prism. mailium of the Literary Gazette to serve Christian will begin his Lectures upon the An attempt was then made to account for the cause of the Fine Arts in general, we Constitution and the Laws of England, on Monday the 6th of April next, at îl o'clock sun's influence. The most inportant part are slow even to contrast, and slower The Regius Professor of Botany being the very curious and valuable observations connect themselves with the object of

of this Lecture was a simple explanation of still to condemn any public bodies which unable, on account of age and infirmities, made by Captain Flinders, in his royage to to undertake a course of Lectures, Sir Terra Australis, and the deductions he would be worse than inviólious were

our regard. But at the same time it Jaines Edward Sinith, F.R.S. President of made from them. By this account, it apthe Linnean Society, will, at the request of

we to withhold the meed of approbathe Professor, and with the perinission of for want of a knowledge and understanding

pears that many ships arc annually lost, tion from those who step conspicuously the Vice-Chancellor, gire a Botanical Course of the principle he discovered, viz. that the forward as the encouragers of the arts, during the next term.—Cumb. Chronicle.

variation of the compass on board a ship is for fear of having it imputed to us that At a late sitting of the French Academy materially affected by the direction of the we thereby threw a slur on others, who of Sciences, M. Delambre read the eloges ship’s head and stern, owing to the iron, either neglected a duty in that respect on Rochon and Messier ; M. Cuvier those which is in every vessel, becoming magne- or did nüt seeni moved with the spirit on Werner and Desmarets; and M. Girard tic by induction, and thus influencing the which alone can give energy and supean Historical Notice on Internal Naciga- compass. In both hemispheres, avhen the tion. directioa of a ship is due N. and S. the va

riority to our national school. In this The Royal Antiquarian Society of France riation on board will not differ from the point of view, we make no excuse for has lately' renewed its officers. The Che- truth; but in the Northern hemisphere,when- devoting a considerable portion of our valier Langles, a member of the Institute, ever a ship’s head points towards the W. the present publication to the proceedings and one of the Keepers of the Royal true variation is increased, while if it points of the Lighland Society, which we Library, has been appointed president; to the E. it will be diminished, and this as Count Malleville, and M. Michel Berr, are much as 8', as appeared in an experiment of a much more enlarged sphere of ac

trust are not only the commencement nominated vice-presidents; and the Che which was tried off the Start Point. The valier Bottin, a member of several literary opposite effects take place in the Southern tion, directed to the effectnal patronnge societies, is to be secretary.

heinisphere. Any ship, therefore, whose of the l'ine Arts in Scotland, but also yoyage lies due N. and S. may depend upon an example which will not fail to excite

her common observations ; but in all other competition buth in England and IrcARTS AND SCIENCES.

cases she must not steer the exact reverse land.
course in coming home, which she did in

We are in:leed happy, at length, to going out, as this will inevitably deceive A NEW KIND OF GAS.

her, unless allowance be made for this witness genius in art acknowledge, Mr. George Liebig, in Darmstadt, an- singular effect of variation. Captain

and honour conferre:l, hy at least one nounces, that he has made a discovery re- Flinders ascertained that the quantity of public body, by a Corporation equally specting gas light, from which he promises this change of variation did not depend | distinguished for the exalted rank of

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