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out being in contact, and in this way may be restored, and that then no signs of ridicule which, too generally for the inbe conducted to a great distance. Mr. electricity would remain. He afterwards terest of science, awaits unsuccessful cxGrey afterwards found, that by suspending demonstrated by experiments, that the periments in philosophy. He placed himrods of iron by silk or hair lines, and bring- clectricity did not reside in the coating, as self under a shed, to avoid the rain. His ing an excited tube under them, sparks had been supposed, but in the pores of the kite was raised. A thunder-cloud passed might be drawn, and a light perceived at glass itself. After a phial was charged, he over it. No sign of electricity appeared. the extremities in the dark. M. Du Paye, removed the coating, and found that upon He almost despaired of success; when sudintendant of the French king's gardens, applying a new coating, the shock might, denly he observed the loose fibres of bis made a number of experiments, which still be rereived. In the year 1749, he first string to move towards an crect position. added not a little to the scievce. He made suggested his idea of explaining the phe- He nov presented his knuckle to the key, the discovery of two kinds of electricity, nomena of thunder-gusts, and of the aurora and received a strong spark. How exquiwhich he called vitreous and resingus; thc borealis, upon electrical principles. He site must his sensations have been at this forner produced by rubbing glass, the points out many particulars in which light- moinent ! On this experiment depended latter from excited sulphur, sealing-wax, ning and electricity agree; and he adduces the fate of his theory. If he'succeeded, his &c. But this idea he afterwards gave up many facts, and reasoning from facts, in naine would rank high amongst those who as erroneous. Between the years 17339 and support of his positions. In the same year have iinproved science; if he failed, he 1742, Desaguliers made a vumber of he conceived the astonishingly bold and must inevitably be subjected to the derision experiments, but added little of import- grand idea of ascertaining the truth of his of mankind; or what is worse, their pity,

He first used the terms conductors doctrine, by, actually drawing down the as a well-meaning man, but a weak, silly clectrics, per se. In 1742, several in- forked lightning, by means of sharp-pointed projector. The anxiety with which he genious Germans engaged in this subject. iron rods raised into thc region of the looked for the result of his experiment, Of these the principal were, professor Boze clouds. Even in this uncertain state, his may easily be conceived. Doubts and of Wittembery, professor Winkler of Leip- passion to be useful to mankind displays despair had begun to prevail, when the fact sic, Gordon, a Scotch. Benedictine monk, itself in a powerful manner. Admitting was ascertained in so clear a mauner, that professor of philosophy at Erfurt, and Dr. the identity of electricity and lightning, and even the most incrc:lulous could no louger Ludo:f of Berlin. The result of their re: knowing the power of points in repelling withhold their assent. Repeated sparks scarches astonished the philosophers of bodies charged with electricity, and in con- were drawn from the key, a phial was Europe. Their apparatus was large, and ducting their fire silently and imperceptibly, charged, a shock given, and all the exby means of it they were enabled to collect he suggests the idea of securing houses, periments made, which are usually perlirge quantities of electricity, and thus to ships, &c. from being damaged by light- formed with electricity. produce phenomena whirl had been hitherto ning, by erecting pointed iron rods, which “ Abont a month before this period, inobserved. They killed small birds, and should rise some feet above the most ele- some ingenious Frenchmen had completed set spirits on fire.' Their experiments ex- rated part, and descend some feet into the the discovery in the manner originally procited the curiosity of other philosopliers. ground or the water. The effect of these, posed by Dr. Frauklin. The letters which Collinzon, about the year 17-15, sent to the he concluded, would be either to prevent a he sent to Mr. Collinson, it is said, were library company of Philadelphia au account stroke, by repelling the cloud beyond the refused a place amougst the papers of the of these experiments, together with a tule, striking distance, or by drawing off the Royal Society of London. However this and directions ho:v to use it. Franklin, electrical fire which it contained; or, if may be, Collinson published them in a sewith some of his friends, iininediately en they could not effect this, they would at parate volume, under the title of, New Ergagel in a course of experiments, the result least conduct the stroke to the earth, with-periments and Obserrations on Electricity, of which is well know. He was enabled out any injury to the building.

made at Philadelphiu, in America. They to make a number of important discoveries, “It was not wiil tlie summer of 1752, were read with avidity, and soon translateil anl to propose theories to account for that he was enabled to complete his grand into different languages. A rery incorrect various phenomcua; whæh hase beca uni- and unparalleled discovery.hy experiment. French translation fell into the hands of versally adopted, and which, bid fair to the plan which he had originally proposed, the celebrated Buffon, who, notwithstandendure for ages. Ilis. ohservations le coin- was, to erect on some high tower, or other ing the disadvantages umder which the mzuicated in a series of letters to his friend elevated place, a sentry-box, from which work laboured, was much pleased with it, Collinson: the first of wisieh is aicd should rise a pointed iron rod, insulated by and repeated the experiments with success. March 23, 17-17. In these he makes known being fised in a cake of resiu. Electrified He prevailed upon his friend, M. D'Alibard, the posver of points in drawiug and throwy- clouds passing over this, would, he coul- to give to his countrymen a more correct ing of the electrical natier, which hart | ceived, impart to it a portion of their elec- translatiou of the work of the American hiiherto escaped the notice of clectriciaus. tricity, which would be rendered evident to electrician. This contributed much toHe also make the grand discovery of a plus the senses by sparks being emitted, when a wards spreading a knowledge of Franklin's and minus, or of a positive and negative key, a knickle, or other conductor was principles in France. The king, Louis XVI. state of clectricity.' We give him the presented to it. Philadelphia at this time hearing of these experiments, expressed it hvor of this without hesitation; although allorded ro opportunity of trying an ex-wish to be a spectator of them. A course the English have claime:1 it for their periment of this kind. Whilst Franklin was of experiments was given at the scat of the coutryinan Dr. Watson. Watson's paper waiting for the erection of a spire, it oc- Puc D’Ayen, at St. Germain's, by. N. De is dated January 21, 1748 ; Franklin's, curred to him, that he might have more Lor. The applauses which the King beJuly 11, 1747 ; several months prior. ready access to the region of clouds by stoweł upon Franklin, excited in Butkou, Shortly after, Franklin, from his principles means of a common kite. He prepared D’Alibard, and De Lor, an earnest desire of of pallis and minus state, explained, in a one by attaching two cross sticks to a silk ascertaining the truth of his theory of satisfactory manner, the phenomena of the haudkerchief, which would not suffer so thunder-gusts. Buffon crected his appaLeyden pbial, first observed by Mr. Cuneus, much from the rain as paper. To his up, ratųs on the tower of Montbar, M. D'Alior by professor Muschenbroeck of Leyden, right stick was affixed an iron point. The bard at Marly-la-ville, and De Lor at his which had mucla perplexed philosophers. string was, as usual, of hemp, except the house in the Estrapude at Paris, some of He shewed clearly that the bottle, when lower end, which was silk. Where the the highest ground in that capital. D'Alieharged, contained 110 more electricity than hempen string terminated, a key was bard's machine first showed signs of elecbefore, but that as much was taken from fastened. With this apparatus, on the ap- tricity. On the 10th of May 1752, a que side, as was thrown on the other; and pearance of a thunder-gust approaching, thunder-cloud passed over it, in the absence that to discharge it, nothing was necessary be went out into the commons, accom- of M. D'Alibard; and a number of sparks but to make a communica ion between the panied by his son, to whom alone he com- were drawn from it by Coiffier, a joiner, two sides, by which the equilibriun might inunicated lsis intentions, well knowing the with whom D'Alibard had left directions

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How to proceed, and by M. Raulet, the Among Dr. Franklin's papers were also added he, “ those people have to my cerprior of Marly-la-ville. An account of this found the following lines, written by him- tain knowledge been praying constantly experiment was given to the Royal Aca- self six years previous to his decease, these twenty years past, that God vrould demy of Sciences, in a memoir by M. and entitled

give to the King and his counsel wisdom :' D'Alibard, dated May 13, 1752. On the

we all know that not the least notice has 18th of May, M. De Lor proved equally

B. F's ADIEU.

ever been taken of that prayer ; so that it Buccessful with the apparatus erected at his

If Life's compared to a feast,
Near fourscore years I've been a guest :

is plain they have no interest in the Court own house. These discoveries soon excited

I've been regaled with the best,

of Heaven.” The House smiled, and the the philosophers of other parts of Europe And feel quite satisfied.

motion was dropped. to repeat the experiment. Amongst these, 'Tis time that I retire to rest;

Dr. Franklin was so immoderately fond none signalized themselves more than Landlord, I thank you! Friends, good night of chess, that one evening at Passy, he sat Father Beccaria of Turin, to whose obser- April 22, 1784.

at that amusement from six in the aftervations science is much indebted. Even the cold regions of Russia were penetrated

The Memoir concludes with the follow- noon till sun-rise. On the point of losing

one of his games, his king being attacked by the ardor for discovery. Professor lowing anecdotes :

by what is called a check, but an opporRichman bade fair to add much to the

“ Dr. Franklin when a child found the tunity offering at the same time of giving a stock of knowledge on this subject, when lang graces used by his father before and fatal blow to his adversary, provided he an unfortunate Aash from his rod put a after incals very tedious. One day after might neglect the defence of his king, he period to his existence. The friends of the winter's provisions had been salted,

chose to do so, though contrary to the rules, science will long remember with regret the

“ I think, father,” said Benjamin, “ if and made his move. Sir," said the amiable martyr to electricity..

you were to say Grace over the whole cask, French gentleman, his antagonist, you " By these experiments Franklin's once for all, it would be a vast saving of cannot do that and leave your king in theory was established in the most firm time.

check.“I see he is in check,' said the manner.”

In his travels through New England, Doctor, • but I shall not defend him. If

Franklin had observed, that when he went he was a good king, like yours, he would On Animal Magnetism, which is now into an inn, every individual of the family deserve the protection of his subjects; but perhaps more in vogue than ever, we had a question or two to propose to him, he is a tyrant, and has cost them already have the following notice.

relative to his history; and that till each more than he is worth :-Take him, if In the year 1784, when Animal Magnet- was satisfied, and they had conferred and please, I can do without him, and will ism made considerable noise in the world, compared together their information, there fight out the rest of the battle en Repubparticularly at Paris, it was thought a

was no possibility of procuring any re- licain as a Commonwealth’s man.' matter of such importance, that the King freshment. Therefore the moment he

We shall probably recur to this appointed commissioners to examine into went into any of these places, he in

Work again. the foundation of this pretended science. quired for the master, the mistress, the Dr. Franklin, at the particular request of sons, the daughters, the men servants, and his Majesty, signified to him by a letter the maid servants; and having assembled

VOYAGE TO THE CONGO. from the minister, consented to be one of them all together, he began in this manner: the number.

" Good people, I am Benjamin Franklin Narrative of an Expedition to explore the After a fair and diligent examination, in of Philadelphia, by trade a printer; and a

River Zaire, usually called the Congo, in the course of which Doctor Delon, a pupil bachelor. I have some relations at Boston,

South Africa, in 1816, under the direcand partner of Mesmer, repeated a number to whom I ain going to make a visit, my

tion of Captain J. K. TuckeY, R. N. of experiments in the preseuce of the Cam- stay will be short; and I shall then return missioners, some of which were tried upon and follow my business, as a prudent man 4to. pp. 498. themselves, they determincd that it was a ought to do. This is all I know of myself,

The earlier friends of the Literary mere trick, intended to impose on the and all I can possibly inform you of; I beg, ignorant and credulous; and gave in their therefore, that you will have pity upon me Gazette are aware, that in our publicareport accordingly to his Majesty, which and my horse, and give us both some re- tions of August, September, and Ocwas afterwards published for the informa- freshment."

tober last, it was our good fortune to tion of the public.

When Franklin came to England previous lay before them a very consideratole Mesıner, and his associate Delon, were

to the breaking out of the American war, he portion of this interesting Narrative, of thus interrupted in their career to wealth went to Mr. Hett's printing office in Wild

which no other account has been oband fame ; and a most insolent attempt to Court, Wild Street, Lincoln's-Inn Fields, impose upon the human understanding and entering tke press-room, he went Rp to tai ed till the appearance of the prebattled.

a particular press, * and thus addressed the sent excellent Work, which is såncSome time after, Dr. Franklin, in a two men who were working : “ Come, my tioned by the Lords Commissioners of letter to his friend Dr. Ingenhausz, thụs friends, we will drink together; it is now the Admiralty, and, according to the notices the subject : “ Mesmer continues forty years since I worked like you at this advertisement, indebted to their distin here, and has still some adherents, and press as journeyman printer :” on this he some practice. It is surprising how much sent for a gallon of porter, and they drank guished secretary, Mr. Barrow, for the « Success to Printing.”

able eredulity still suþsists in the world.

arrangement of its parts, and the I suppose all the physicians in France In one of the assemblies in America great mass of scientific information put together, have not made so much wherein there was a majority of Presbyte- which has been, we might say, exmoney, during the time he has been here, rians, a law was proposed to forbid the torted from very crude materials. As he alone has done. praying for the king by the Episcopalians ;

It will be found on reference to our And we have now a fresh folly. A mag- who, however, could not conveniently omit nun:bers, from No. 30 to 40 inclusive, netizer pretends, that he can, by establish that prayer, it being prescribed in their that we not only fully and particularly ing what is called a rapport between any Liturgy. Dr. Franklin, one of the mem- brought down Captain Tuckey's narraperson and a somnambule, put it in the bers, seeing that such a law would occasion tive, to the period when he left the of the somnambule by a simple strong vo- that he thought it quite unnecessary, for, Congo for his expedition inland, but lition only, without speaking or making

noticed many curious facts which do not any signs; and many people daily fock to This press is now in the possession of appear in the work before us. Had we see this strange operation.”

Messrs. Cox and Baylis, Great Queen Street, employed all the information in our pos

session previous to the publication of What remains to be told is but the his- | half-boots; on his head an immense highthis volume, it would have been com- tory of ineffectual perseverance, and heart- crowned hat embroidered with gold, and prised in the following statement, which rending calamity. So early as the second surrounded by a kind of coronet of Eurohas been prepared for some time, and sad results began to manifest themselves. hung a long string of ivory beads, and a

day after Captain Tuckey's departure, the pean artificial flowers; round his neck which, as it makes a whole with what On that day the anatomist was brought very large piece of manufactured coral. we have already written, we shall prefix back to the boats in a dangerous state. His Having seated himself on the sight, a masto our analysis of the official narrative. illness soon terminated in death. Those ter of the ceremonies, with a long staff in We have, however, to say that an ad- who remained in the river had but two fre- his hand, inquired into the rank of the genmirable and feeling introduction from quently opportunities of hearing of their tlemen, and seated them accordingly. The the pen of the gentleman alluded to, companions from the sick who returned to doctors (Messrs

. Smith and Tudor) having them in rapid succession. The Captain, the first places, and then Mr. Galwey, conveys a more detailed description of

superior to fatigue, and undismayed by dan- whom they styled chief mate; the serjeant the mournful catastrophe of the voy- ger, went boldly forward till his little party of the marines they metamorphosed into a agers, rendered still more interesting became so seriously weakened, that he felt boatswain, taking all the titles of officers by biographical sketches of their lives it his duty to lose no time in retracing his from the trading vessels, to which only and preceding pursuits.

steps to save the remnant of his followers. they had been accustomed !

He had hoped to find means of prosecuting All being seated, (the crowd of king's As many of our friends seem to think our the object of the expedition by water; but gentlemen squatting on bullocks' hides) I labours incomplete, while the result of the disappointed in this, surrounded by sus- explained to the Chenoy, by Simmons, the voyage to the Congo remains untold by us, picious natives, in a country which offered motives of my mission, &c. though announced in various publications, no resources, no alternative remained, and we readily communicate such particulars as he reluctantly, abandoned the design he why a ship should come for any other

They could not however, comprehend have been transmitted to us. These, though had formed. "The inhabitants of the coun

In scanty, may be depended upon as far as try, who at the commencement of his jour- purpose, but to trade or to fight. they, go, and the melancholy character ney had seemed friendly, became hostile in the end, says Captain Tucker, which belongs to them, precludes us from the day of his distress. At one time a The keg of spliced rum which I had much regretting that the statement must be very considerable force was opposed to him: brought as a part of my present to the short. While" the vessels were enabled a crowd, or as they might call it, an army, Chenoo, was now produced, together with to proceed up the Congo, it has been seen was drawn up in battle-array against the an English white earthen-ware wash-hand that the casualties which occurred, were not adventurers. The numerical superiority bason covered with dirt; into which some calculated to excite much alarm, and no. was immense, courage prevailed over of the liquor was poured, and distributed thing till they arrived at the rapids had numbers, and the British having discharged to the company; the king saying he drank taught them to despair of ultimate success. their fire-arms, but without destroying any of only wine, and retiring, as he told me, When it was found impossible to ascend the undisciplined multitude who had put to order dinner. The moment he disapfarther, the enterprising Captain immedi- themselves in the situation of enemies, peared the Company began to scramble for ately made preparations for prosecuting the their king, on seeing Captain Tuckey and a sup of the rum; and one fellow, dropping objects of the voyage by a journey on land. his little band about to advance to the his dirty cap in the bason, as if by accident, It was about the middle of August that charge in earnest, came forward to entreat contrived to snatch it out again well soked, they arrived at the foot of the cataracts, that his people might not be killed. Though and sucked it with great satisfaction. called by the natives Galleloo.* Here

many
of the natives were armed with mus-

The huts which compose the town the river is about a mile broad, and very kets, and other European weapons, they

or banza, are mean and miscrable endeep. The current rushes down the rocks were not considered formidable by the which form the rapids, with a violence of handful of men who had undertaken to closures of matted reeds, the price of agitation exceeding that of the waves of explore their country.

one habitation being no more than the ocean when convulsed with a hard

equal to four fowls. In due time our gale of wind. The Congo and the trans- Having thus brought our own relation to a conclusion, we proceed to the Chenoo, whose abode, little better,

countrymen were received to dinner by port had been left at anchor lower down the river, and now as the boats could be take up the particulars of the overland no longer used, Captain Tuckey left them journey, from the authorized Narrative, those of his subjects, is sanctified by

except in having one large room, than in the care of an inferior officer, and and the journal kept by Professor taking with him twenty-five men, besides Smith. Captain Tuckey's first inter

rude fetishes in every corner. The the gentlemen who formed the scientific view with the Chenoo, or King of Em

Repast was laid out in the grand apart

ment, where some chests covered with carwell armed, and carrying with them provi bomma, took place on the 27th of pets 'served for seats and tables. A few part of the expedition—the whole being sions for six weeks, coinmenced the diffi- July.

plates and mugs of earthicuware, and some cult task of exploring the river by journey

After waiting half an hour under the Venetian gilt glass, were placed on the ing on shore. The disembarkation took tree, we were led to the Chenoo's habita- table, together with a few silver spoons and place on the 20th of August. A letter tion, where in a court formed by a fence of forks, evidently of French workmanship, written by the Captain on that day to a reed mats, and which was crowded with the The meats consisted of a soup of plainfriend, and published in the Asiatic Journal king's gentlemen, I found a seat prepared tains and goat's flesh, a fowl cut in pieces for January 1817, displays the fcelings by of three or four old chests, covered with a and broilcd, and roasted plantains in lieu which he was animated, and shews that he red velvet pall, an old English carpet with of bread; a large silver tankard filled with had then been unable to gain any inforına. another pall being spread on the ground. sweet palın wine, and a bottle of the rum I tion from the natives that could at all satisfy Having seated myself, in about five minutes bad brought, were placed as our beverage. his mind. It further appears that he was the Chenoo made his appearance from be- After dinner, Simmons, the interfully advertised of all the difficulties with hind a mat screen, his appearance convey- preter, having been previously exwhich he had to contend, and which ulti. ing the idea of punch in a puppet-show, amined, and sworn in secret by his mately caused the sacrifice of his valuable being composed of a crimson pluslu jacket sovereign, as to the real objects of the life.

ment in the nature and style of red velvet, expedition, another palaver was held, * The work denominates the highest point his legs muffled in pink sarcenet in guise of at which an old man, a chief counsellor reached “Cooloo," and the cataracts *“ Yeliala." | stockings, and a pair of red morocco and uncle of the king, was present,

He says,

After again tiring me (says the narrator) | for one half this valuation.' The fol- | &c. in this portion of the volume, and with questions as to my motives, the old lowing price of a prime slave, at this merely extract a-few notices of matters man, starting up, plucked a leaf from a tree, and holding it to me, said, If

very date, which we have in our pos- of a less permanent and monotonous come to trade, swear by your God, and session, proves the accuracy of this kind. break the leaf. On my refusing to do so, he supposition :

Berlin (we are told) abounds with literary then said, Swear by your God you do not Eleven pieces bafts, three pieces chintz, and scientific men, who conpose various come to make war, and break the leaf. On two pieces handerchiefs, three fathoms baize; societies, amongst which, the Academy of my doing which, the whole company per- three strings of beads, 5s. 2s. 6d. 25. 9d; six Sciences, the Friends of Natural History formed a grand sakilla,* and the assembly knives, one looking glass, one cap, one umbrella, Society, and the Cabinet of Mines, are the

At present, the hut, where the present I had brought him guinea stuff, two half-pints gunpowder, two jars study of natural history in all its branches, broke up; the king retiring into an inner one mug, one plate, three fathoms, bafts for most prominent. was carried, (a piece of furniture cotton, brandy, thirty pounds iron bar.

is that which is cultivated with the greatsome beads, a plated tankard and goblet, Such was the price, not for the est assiduity at Berlin. --- Their transand a silk umbrella); for on my first telling misery of one human being alone, of actions are contained in 18 volumes, comhim that I had brought him a present from the King of England, he begged it might

one wretch torn froin country, home, prising discoveries and notices upon every not be produced until all his gentlemen of slavery, but the price of a whole Falogy, and medicine. Amongst the memwere dismissed.

While we were seated in the audience continent's degradation, of that which boldt, Bode, Klaproth, Willdenow, Karsten, court, the king's women (of whom he had filled Africa with anarchy and blood, De Hermstaedt, De Fleurke, De Laspeyres, fifty) were peeping out of one of the and from its centre to its coasts, on every De Klug, De Gronau, De Reich, &c. &c. squares ; and before retiring, the king very radius to which the compass pointed, This Society also possesses an excellent politely offered me the choice of all his made man the most vile and brutal of library, and a choice cabinet of specimens daughters, while his courtiers as civilly prof-his species. Have we not cause to re-collection of the mammiferæ of Africa, fered their wives.

joice that the death blow has been insects of Surinam, turtles and tortoiseThe grossness of the terms in which given to this horrid traffic?. Though shells, and anatomical preparations, &c. these offers were made, were worthy of the bad policy of some inferior states, and a fine herbarium of the plants of India a race debased below humanity by the and the avarice of a few pirates and and the Cape of Good Hope ; besides a most slave trade.

smugglers, may prolong the evil for a precious collection of minerals, consisting On the 28th, the Chenoo returned the time, it will be but a short and partial of 12,000 specimens brought from the pedition to proceed on their mission, throws the brighest lustre over the age France, Switzerland, Italy, England, Scotvisit, and amically permitted the ex. struggle against a determination which mines and mountains of Transylvania, only hoping that when they came down in which we live.

land, Ireland, and South America. the river again, they would build him an

Captain T. took leave of the chenoo, Among other curious specimens, is a piece English house, leave him a boat, and and proceeded upwards, accompanied of yellow amber, weighing thirteen pounds give him a musket. Nothing particular happened till the boat's crew of four boys, for Binda. by three of his sons, tuo pilots, and a and a half, found by a peasant at Strahopen,

a village near Jurterberg. The present 1st of August, when Mr. Sherwood, an

king presented the fortunate finder with old slave trailer out of Liverpool, and

[To be continued.]

1000 rix-dollars. There is also a morsel of now the ostensible mate of a brig

native platina, weighing 1088 grains, and a under Spanish colours, visited Captain

large piece of fiery opal, brought from

South America by Humboldt. Tuckey, accompanied by four Portu-Trarels through some parts of Germany, guese masters of trading vessels, then Poland, Moldavia, and Turkey. By

From Berlin Dr. N. went to Dresdeň, at Cabendı. Their object was to be ADAM Neale, M.D. late Physician the population of which, he states, assured that the slave wade was not to the British E:nbassy at Constan- ainounted, according to a census in the purpose of the new comers; and tinople, &c. 4to. pp. 294.

1753, to 63,209 individuals; but in 1772 Captain T. is of opinion that the trade

it had decreased to 45,000, and has never in the Congo river, amounting to about A preface to this work unfairly con- since exceeded 58 000 Dresden is 2000 slaves annually, is chiefly bona fide fesses a want of power in its author almost the only capital in Europe where Portuguese. The natives stated the to communicate much either of plea- such decrease has taken place. The price of a slave to be

sure or information : to our minds he mortality in 1805 was 1500, or 1 in 32, Two muskets, two casks of gunpowder, two has done both. The course of his and the marriages only 400 annually:

of guineas (one fathom ench,) twelve long indians travels, though not altogether novel, is while every year the number (ten fathoms each,) two nicaneas (six fathoms by no means hacknicd ; and liis classic still-born and illegitimate children was ench,) one romaul (eight fatboms, one fathom recollections, while they have given increasing. woollen cloth, one cortee or sash of cloth, two jars of brandy, 5 knives, 5 strings of beads, one

somewhat of a bizarre tone to the nar- At Dresden the writer associated rasor, one looking glass, one cap, one iron bar, rative, have rather augmented than di- himself with the gallant Sir R. Rollo one pair of scissors, one padlock. (p. 112.) minished the agreeable sensations with (then Colonel) Gillespie, who was proThe captain, adds, ‘I have no doubt which we have perused it.

ceeding overland towards India, and however, but that slaves are now sold

It is twelve years since this tour was they agreed to travel together to Conperformed. Dr. Neale passed to Heli- stantinople. Their first stage in Bohe

goland, and thence proceeded to Ham- mia was Peterswalden, and next morn. The Sakilla is the ceremony of acknow- burgh. From Hamburgh the traveller ing they reached Toeplitz, with its 77 starts up, and makes the gestures like a fiigleman pursued bis route to Berlin. We dis- thermal springs, of the waters of which with his arms, and all the company strike their miss the accounts of posting, and the the annexed is the analysis of Jahn, a chests at the end of every motion.

description of the country, buildings, Saxon chemist.

Cubic Inches. I ported by a population of 230,000 in- | politics, which he has introduced in a Carbonic acid gas

132.5
habitants.

work of so opposite a nature: the exSulphurated hydrogen

28.5 Carbonate of lime

16.5

Since 1768 the population of Vienna tract is of a curious kind, and, though Iron.

3.25

has been continually increasing, in con- it occurs near the end of the volume, Muriate of lime

61.3 sequence of the great influx of Dutch, we anticipate it here. Silica 15.4 Polish, Italian, Swiss, and German emi.

Consumptions are not unfrequent (in from 225,400 grains of water.

grants. The mortality was about 1 in 15 Turkey) and generally they are as fatal as The only peculiarity of these springs,

annually; double what it is in London. elsewhere; although the Turks have a very so high in iepute for ten centuries, as

Among the curiosities in the various popular remedy, which in some instances public places at Vienna, particularized few grains of pitch, made into pills, and

have observed to be benefcial, namely, a specifics for gout, rheumatism, and public places at Vienna, particularized paralysis, is the large proportion of by Dr. N. are four enormous pieces of administered several times a day. A'simi

Turkish Cannon in the Arsenal :muriate of lime which they hold in so

lar mode of cure has, I understand, béén lution. The heat varies from 990 of One of these, bearing date 1516, was long employed by the Scottish peasantry. Fahrenheit in some springs, to 1100 taken at Belgrade in 1717; it weighs The decoction of the sprouts of the young in others.

one hundred and seventy-nine quintals, pine has been strongly recommended by the

and can throw a ball one hundred and late Dr. Posterfield, of Eden, who is said After passing through Prague, which twenty-four pounds weight; another, to have been very successful in the exhioffers nothing of interest except the founded in 1560, weighs one hundred and bition of this simple medicine. Oriental reliques of past magnificence, the tra- seventeen quintals, and will throw a ball of nations have at all times put great faith in vellers visitod, at Czeslau, a small village stone pieces, one of which throws a stone sixty pounds weight. Near these are two the juices of terebinthinate and balsamic

shrubs. of about 300 houses, the tomb of the ball of four hundred weight and upwards, These simple remedies for so fatal a blind Zisca, so renowned in the early and the other one of two hundred and fifty disorder, surely deserve serious consihistory of the Reformation, who died of pounds weight,

deration and experiment. ihe plague in 1422, while on his way Encircling the external wall, is a prodito an interview with Sigismond, King gious chain 1200 feet in length, each link

This is of Bohemia. By way of Znaim, they weighing twenty-four pounds.

A GERMAN TOURIST. soon arrived at Vienna, into the de- Turks had thrown across the Danube, near merely a fragment of a chain which the

An amusing book has lately been scriptions of which we do not think it Buda, in Hungary, to keep off the Austrian published in Germany, under the title necessary to enter.

gun-hoats. Amongst the remains of an- of “A Journey to London and Paris, The literary establishments in this city frey of Bouillon, and the buff leather waist- formed before the French Revolution,

cient armour, is the red velvet cap of God- by M. Bretschneider." It was perare upon the same grand scale as the cha-coat of Gustavus Adolphus, king of Sweritable foundations. Adjoining to the gal den, pierced on the left side with the mus. The author has been dead some years,

or at the very commencement of it. lery leading to the church of the Augustines, ket ball which terminated his existence at is the Imperial library, contained in a fine the battle of Lutzen, in Saxony, in 1632.

and the work is now published from building by a German architect named

In a glass-case in the Arsenal is still his MSS by M. von Göckingk. We Fischer, of Erlach. It has two entrances, shown the grim visage of Cara Mustapha, quote a few anecdotes, from which the one reserved for the court, communicating Grand Vizier, and commander of the Turk-credibility of the writer, and the crewith the palace, the other opening upon ish army at the last siege of Vienna, by Julity of the editor, may, in many inthe Joseph-platz, where is situated the the Turks, in 1683. He had entered the colossal equestrian statue before alluded to Austrian States, as the voluntary leader of

stances, be appreciated. The former (of the Emperor Joseph.) This library is

seems to be the Sir John Carr of Ger: more than 300,000 men, commanded by thrown open to the public every day, fire petty sovereign princes, and thirty- man tourists. Sundays and holidays only excepted; in the

“In London, Bretschneider once dined summer-time, from eight in the morning, amounted to 300 pieces of cannon.

one pashas, and his train of artillery

His at the Cannon Tavern, where eight and in the winter one hour later. Except- plan was nothing less than to have con- different dishes were given for one ing the Vatican library, it is allowed to be quered Vienna, and then subjugated the shilling. He met with two poor Itathe first collection in Europe. Emperor Maximilian the First, had the

lians in tie-wigs, who came only every honour of commencing this establishment,

He was however foiled by John So- other day, and for their shilling ato in 1498. - . it now amounts to above bieski, and strangled by order of his enough to serve them for two days. 300,000 volumes. One hall alone is filled master Mahomet IV. After his burial He saw the same thing in Coblentź, in with early books (is filled with early books he was disinterred, and his ambitious 1791, where many of the principal alone ?) printed between the years 1457 and head sent in pickle, as a trophy, to the emigrants dined only every other day 1500. burghers of Vienna.

at the Three Crowns, but then eat The Academy of Arts is also de

We have now accompanied the tra- enormously. scribed. At the period of Dr. Neale's vellers to that point, where the relation

Once he was walking with a friend visit, there belonged to it, thirty-five assumes a rather more interesting form, in the streets of London, when they historical, fifteen landscape, 'eight viz. throughont the journey from Vienna saw a beggar sitting before a houseanimal, four flower, thirty-one portrait, to Constantinople. We shall therefore door, who had spread out a table for and fourteen miniature painters; be- take this opportunity to divide our his dinner in the open air. Upon a sides ten painters of heraldry, twenty Review into two parts, adding only clean ta!le-cloth stood roast veal, caulisculptors, fifteen architects, twelve en- one observation, and one short extract fluwer, pudding, and a pot of porter. gravers of medals, four engravers in to what we have already written as A well-dressed boy waited on the begivory, ten seal-engravers, six i odellers the first. The observation is one of

gar, and Bretschneider's friend gave in wax, and twenty-six engravers of regret, that Dr. Neale should have him a shilling. Brerschneider expresser copper-plates. These artists are sup. I mixed even the slight touches of party | his surprise; but his friend answerei?

The West of Europe.

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