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five right and power of regulating the alloy and value of coin Aruck by their own authority, or by that of the respective states---fixing the standard of weights and measures throughout the United States---regulating the trade and ma. naging all affairs with the Indians, not members of any of the states, provided that the legislative right of any state within its own limits be not infringed or violated---establishing and regulating post-offices from one ftate to another. throughout all the United Scates, and exacting such postage on the papers passing through the same as may be requisite to defray the expences of the 'faid office---appointing all officers of the land forces, in the service of the United States, excepting regimental officers---appointing all the

officers of the naval forces, and commissioning all officers whatever in the service of the United States. --making rules for the government and regulation of the said land and naval forces, and directing their operations.

The United States in Congress assembled fhall have authority to appoint a committee, to fit in the recess of Congress, to be denominated, “ A Committee of the States," and to conlist of one delegate from each state : and to appoint such other committees and civil officers as may be necefiary for managing the general affairs of the United States under their direcțion---to appoint one of their number to preside, provided that no person be allowed to serve in the office of president more than one year in any term of three years ; to atcertain the necessary sums of money to be raised for the service of the United States, and to appropriate and apply the same tor defraying the public expences--:0 bor row money, or emit bills on the credit of the United States, transmitting every half year to the respective states an account of the sums of money so borrowed or emitted---to build and equip a navy---to agree upon the number of land forces, and to make requifitions from each state for its quota, in proportion to the number of white inhabitants in such it ate ; which requisition shall be binding, and thereupon the legislature of each ftate shall appoint the regimental officers, raise the men, and cloath, arm and equip them in a soldier-like mannet, at the expence of the United States, and the officers and men so cloathed, armed and equipped shall march to the place appointed, and within the time agreed on by the United States in Congress assembled ; But if the United States in Congress assembled fhall, on confideration of circumstances judge proper that any itate should not raise men, or should raise a smaller number than its quota, and that any other state should raise a gre ter number of men than the quora thereof, such extra number shall be raised, officered, cloathed, armed and equipped in the same manner as the quota of such itate, uniess the legislature of such ftate shall judge that such extra number cannot be safely spared out of the same, in which case they shall raise, officer, cloach, arm and equip as many of such extra number as they judge can be fafely spared. And the officers and men so cloathed, armed and equipped, shall march to the place appointed and within the time agreed on by the United States in Congress assembled.

THE United States in Congress assembled thall never engage in a war, nor grant letters of marque and reprisal, in time of peace, nor enter into any treaties or alliances, nor coin money, nor regulate the value thereof, nor ascertain the sums and expences necessary for the defence and welfare of the United States, or any of them, nor emit bills, nor borrow money on the credit of the United States, nor appropriate money, nor agree upon the number of vessels of war, to be built or purchased, or the number of land or sea forces to be raised, nor appoint a commander in chief of the army or navy, unless nine states assent to the fame ; nor shall a question on any other point, except for adjourning from day to day be determined, unless by the votes of a majority of the United States in Congress assembled.

The Congress of the United States shall have power to adjourn to any time within the year, and to any place within the United States, so that no period of adjournment be for a longer duration than the space of fix months, and shall publish the journal of their proceedings monthly, except such parts thereof relating to treaties, alliances or military operations, as in their judgment require secrely; and the yeas and ways of the delegates of cach state on any

other States

cee lion shall be entered on the journal, when it is desired by any delegate; and the delegates of a fue, or any of them, at his or their request thall be furnished with a transcrip: of the said journal, except fuch parts as are above excepted,

Committee to lay before the legislatures of the several states.

of the States A T. X. The committee of the states, or any nine of them, shall be au- Xits powers. thosised to execute, in the recess of Congress, such of the powers of Congress as the Uniteu States in Congress assembled, by the content of nine ftates, Mall from time to time think expedient to vest them with ; provided that no power be delegated to the said committee, for the exercise of which, by the articles of confederation, the voice of nine states in the Congress of the United Statės af- Admission of fernbled is requifi:e.

Canada, and Art. XI.' CANADA acceeding to this confederation, and joining in the to the Union. measures of the United Sates, shall be admitted into, and entitled to all the advantages of this union : but no other colony shall be admitted into the same, Public Faith unless such admission be agreed to by nine ftates.

pledged for ART. XII. All bills of credit emitted, monies borrowed and debts con- paft Engagetracted by, or under the authority of Congress, before the assembling of the ments of United States, in pursuance of the present confederation, shall be deemed and Congress. confidered as a charge against the United states, for payment and satisfaction, whereof the faid United States, and the public faith are hereby folemly pledged. Obligationof

the States to ART. XIII. Every state thall abide by the determinations of the United

abide by the States in Congress assembled, on all questions which by this confederation determinatiare submitted to them. And the Articles of this confederation shall on of Conbe inviolably observed by every fate, and the onion shall be perpetual ; nor gress, &c. fhall any alteration at any time hereafter be made in any of them ; unless fuch alteration be agreed to in a Congress of the United States, and be afterwards confirmed by the legislatures of every fate.

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THESE Articles shall be proposed to the legislatures of all the United States,

to be confidered, and if approved of by them, they are advised 10 authorize ibeir delegates, to ratify the same in the Congress of the United States ; whicb being done, the same shall become conclufive.

By order of Congress,


TREATY OF PEACE AND AMITY between the United States of America and his Britannic Majesty, concluded at Paris on the 23d day of September 1783, and ratified by the United States in Congress assembled, on the 14th day of January A. D. 1784.

In the name of the most holy and undivided Trinity.


molt potent Prince George che third, by the grace of God, king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, duke of Brunswick and Lunenburgh, arch-treasurer and prince elector of the holy Roman empire, &c. and of the United States of America, to forget all paft mifunderstandings and differences that have unhappily interrupted the good correspondence and friendíhip which they mutually wish to restore ; and to establith such a beneficial and satisfactory intercourse between the two countries, upon the ground of reciprocal advantages and mutual convenience, as may promote and fecure to both perpetual peace and harmony; and having for this desirable end, already laid the foundation of peace and reconciliation, by the provisional articles, figned at Paris on the 30th of November 1782, by the commissioners empowered on each part, which articles were agreed to be inserted in and to constitute the treaty of peace proposed to be concluded between the crown of Great-Britain and the said United States, but which treaty was not to be concluded until terms of peace fhould be agreed upon between Great-Britain and France, and his Britannic Majesty_should be ready to conclude such treaty accordingly; and the treaty between Great-Britain and France having lince been concluded, his Britannic Majefty and the United States of America, in order to carry into full effect the provihonal articles abovementioned, according to the cenor thereof, have constituted and appointed, that is to say, his Britannic Majesty on his part, David Hartley, Esq. member of theparliament of GreatBritain ; and the faid United States on their part, John Adams Esq.late a commissioner of the United States of America, at the court of Versalies late delegate in Congress from he fate of Massachusetts, and chief justice of the said state, and minister plenipotentiary from the faid United States to their High Mightinesses the States General of the United Netherlands ; Benjamin Franklin, Esq. late delegate in Congress from the state of Pennsylvania, president of the convention ofiche faid tate, and minister Plenipotentiary from the United States of America at the court of Versailles : John Jay, Esq. late president of Congress, and chief justice of the state of New-York, and minister plenipotentiary from the said United States at their court of Madrid, to be the plenipotentiaries for the concluding and figning the present definitive treaty : who after having reciprocally communicated theit respective full powers, have agreed upon and confirmed the following articles.

“ ARTICLE ft. His Britannic Majesty acknowledges the said United States, viz. New-Hampshire. Massachusetts-Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North-Carolina Soath-Carolina and Georgia, to be free, fovereign and independent ftates : that he treats with them as such, and for himself, his heirs and successors, relinquishes all claims to the government, propriety and territorial rights of the fame, and every part thereof:

“ ARTICLE 2d. And that all disputes which might arise in future on the subject of the boundaries of the said United States may be prevented, it is hereby agreed and declared, that the following are and shall be their boundaries, viz. from the north west angle of Nova. Scotia, viz. that angle which is formed by a line drawn due north from the source of SaintCroix river to the Highlands ; along the said Highlands which divide those rivers that empty themselves into the river Saint Lawrence from those which fall into the Atlantic Ocean, to the north-westernmoft head of Connecticut river, thence down along the middle of that siver to the forty-fifth degree of north latitude ; from thence by a line due well on said latitude, until it Arikes the river Iroquois or Cataraquy ; theace along the middle of faid river into lake Ontario, through the middle of said lake until it frikės the communication by water berween that lake and lake Érie'; thence along the middle of faid com tidnication into la ke Erie, through the middle of said lake until it trives at the water communication be

tween that lake and Jake Huron ; thence along the middle of faid water communication into che lake Huron; thence through the middle ofsaid lake to the water communication between that lake and lake Superior; thence through lake Superior northward of the isles, Royal and Philippeaux, to the long lake ; thence through the middle of faid long lake and the water communication between it and the lake of the Woods, to the said lake of the Woods ; thence, through the said lake to the most north western point thereof, and from thence on a due wsit coule to the river Miffippi ; thence by a line to be drawn along the middle of the said iriyer Miililippi, until it fall interseet the northernmost part of the thirty filt degree of north latitude : South by a line to be drawn due eart from the determination of the line last męr.-, toned, in the latitude of thirty-one degrees north of the equator, to the middle of the river Apalachicola or Catabouche; thence along the mid le thereof to its junction with the Flinc river; thence ftraight to the head of Saint Mary's rives ; and thence down along the miadie of Saint Mary's river to the Atlantic Ocean Eaft by a line to be drawn along the mid. dle of the river Saint Croix, from its mouth in the bay of Fundy to its source, and frora its source, directly north to the aforesaid Highlands which divide the rivers that fall into the Arlandic Ocean from those which fall into the river Saint Lawrence ; comprehending, at islands within twenty leagues of any part of the shores of the United States, and laying locineen lines to be dawn due east from the points where the aforesaid boundaries beau cung Nova Scotia on the one part; and Eat florida on the other, shall respectively touch the 'b.y. ef Fundy, and the Atlantic Ocaan ;rexcepting such islands is now are or heretofore, have been within the limits of the said province of Nova Scotia.''

ARTICLE 3d. It is agreed that the people of the United States fall continue to enjoy on molested the right to take fish of every kind on the Grand Bank, and on all the other baoks of Newfoundland ; also in the golph of Saint Lawrence, and at all other, places in the sea, where the inhabitants of both countries used at any time heretofore 10 filh ; and alla that the inhabitants of the United States Mhall have liberty to take fish of every kind on fych part of the coast of Newfoundland as British fishermen mal! use: (but not to dry or cure the lame on that Illand) and also on the coasts, bays and creeks of all other of his Britar nis Majesty's dominions in America ; and that the American fishermen thall have liberty to dry and cure fish in any of the unsettled bays, harbours and creeks of Nova Scotia, Magdalen islands, and Labradore, so long as the fame Niall remain unfettiéd, but to foon as the fame or either of them thall be settled, it fall not be lawful for the said fishermen to dry or care fish at such settlement, without a previous agreement for that purpose with the inhabi. tants, proprietors or poffeffors of the ground.

ARTICLE 4th. It is agreed that creditors on either fide, shall meet with no lawful impediment to the recovery of the full value in sterling money, of all bona-fide debts here:0fore contracted.

ARTIC.E 5th. It is agreed that the Congress shall earnestly recommend it to the legirlacures of the respective states, to provide for the reftitution of all eftates, rights and properties, which have been confiscated, belonging to the real British subje&s, and also of the éftates, rights and properties of persons resident in districts in the possession of his Majesty's arms, and who have not borne arms against the said United States. And that persons of any other description shall have free liberty to go to any part or parts of any of the Thirteen United States, and therein to remain iwelve months on molested in their endeavours to ob. tain the reftitution of such of their eftates, rights and properties, as may have been confira cated; and that Congrels shall also earnefly recommend to the several states a reconsidera. tion and revision of all acts or laws regarding the premises, fo as to render the said laws or acts perfe&ly confiftent, not only with juftice and equity, but with that spirit of conciliati. on, which on the return of the blessings of peace should universally prevail. And that Con: gress shall also earnestly recommend to the several states, that the estates, rights and pro. perties of such laft mentioned persons shall be restored to them; they refunding to any perfons who may be now in possesion the bona fide price (where any has been given) which such persons may have paid on purchasing any of the said lands, rights or properties únce the confiscation. And it is agreed that all persons who have any intereft in confiscated lands, either by debts, marriage settlements, or otherwise, shall meet with no lawful impediment in the prosecution of their juft rights.

ARTICLE 6th. That there hall be no future confiscations made, nor any prosecutions commenced against any person or persons for ur by season of the part sihich he or they


may have taken in the present war ; and that no person shall on that account, suffer any los ture loss or damage, either in his person, liberty or property, and that those who may be in confinement on such charges, at the time of the ratification of the treaty in America, thall be immediately set at liberty, and the prosecutions fo commenced be discontinued.

“ ARTICLE 7th. There shall be a firm and perpetual peace between his Britannic Majefty and the said states, and between the subjects of the one, and the citizens of the other, wherefore all hostilities both by sea and land, shall from henceforth ceafe; all prisoners on both sides shall be set at liberty, and his Britannic Majefty fhall with all convenient speed, without causing any destruction, or carrying away any negroes or other property of the American inhabitants, withdraw all his armies, garrisons and fleets from the said United States, and from every post, place and harbour within the same, leaving in all fortifications the American artillery thas may be therein ; and fhall also order and cause all archives, records deeds and paper's, belonging to any of the said states, or their citizens, which in the course of the war may have fallen into the hands of his officers, to be forthwith restored and deli vered to the proper states and persons to whom they belong.

" ARTICLE 8th. The navigation of the river Miffilippi, from its fource to the ocean, fall forever remain free and open to the subjects of Great-Britain, and the citizens of the United States.

" "ARTICLE' gth. In case it should so happen, that any place or territory belonging to Great Britain or to the United States, ihould have been conquered by the arms of eicher from the other, before the arrival of the said provisional articles in America, it is agreed that the fame hall be restored without difficulty, and without requiring any compensation.

“ ARTICLE 19th. The folemn ratifications of the present treaty, expedited in good and duc form, shall be exchanged between the contracting parties in the space of six months, or fooner if possible, to be computed from the day of the fignature of the present treaty. In witness whereof, we the underligned, their minifters plenipotentiary, have in their name, and in virtue of our full powers, figned with our hands the present definitive treaty, and caused the feals of our arms to be affixed thereto.

* DONE at Paris, this third day of September, in the year of our Lord, one thoufand seven hundred and eighty-three. (L. S:) D. HARTLEY, (L. S.) JOHN ADAMS,

(L. S.) JOHN JAY."

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