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be entitled to, and receive the same Protection of Law in their persons and

Properties, which the Citizens of this State are entitled to have and receive. Persons obtaining Cer Be it furiber enaĉled by the Authority aferelaid, That all Persons removing tificates and to and residing in either of iaid Cities for the Purposes of Commerce, on obtaking cer taining Certificates of the Select-men of said Towns, by Law required for tain Oaths to Admission of Freemen, and upon cheir taking the Oath of Allegiance and Fi. become free Citizens.

delity to this state, and the Oath by Law to be taken by Freemen, Thail to all Intents and Purpotes become free Citizens of this state.

Foreigners Be it further enaded by the authority aforesaid, That Foreigners and Citi&c. to pay no zens of any of the United States, who thall come into or relide in either of said greater Du

Ports ties &c. than

or Cities, shall be holden to pay no other or greater Duties or Taxes, chan the Citizens. the Citizens of this State reliding in said Cities, thall by Law be holden to

pay Merchants &c. import

Be it further enaded by the Authority aforesaid, That any Merchants reliding into Taid ing in said Cities, or either of them, or Company of Merchants (not conafting Cities, &c. of more than three) who thall establish and keep up merchantile Houses in faid three Thou. Cities, or either of them, of which Company one at least to be a Resident in taid fand Pounds Cities, or one of them, and Foreigners and Subjects of any other the United sterling in Goods &c.

States, who hall remove to and reside in either of faid Cities for the purposes or two Thou- of Commerce, and who shall import annually into faid Ports, or either of them, fand in Mo- from Europe, Asia or Africa, Goods, Wares and Merchandize, the Growth, ney, exempt. Produce or Manufacture of laid Countries, to the Amount of Three Thousand ed from faculty Afferta

Pounds Sterling, or who shall bring into íaid Cities Two Thousand Pounds in mient, &c.

Money, fall, during the Term they shall so import, or bring in to the Amount aforesaid, and within the said Term of seven Years, be exempted from Affefsment for Faculty, for or on account of the Profits arising on such Importation,

so far as the Revenue of this or the United States are interested therein ; the The value of Value of such Goods, W.cres and Merchandize to be determined by the Entries &c. how ar. at the respective Naval Offices of said New-London and New-Haven ; at which certained. Office shall be exhibited at the Time of Entry, the original Invoices of faid

Goods, and such Invoices shall be proved by an Examination under Oath of

the Importer, or some other Person who purchased the same ; which Oath the Listers to be

faid Naval Officer is hereby impowered to administer. And the Amount of satisfied as to

the Money imported according to this A&, shall be determined to the SatisMoney im. faction of the Lifters of said Towns respectively, ported. Ships &c. em.

Be it further ena&ted by the Authority aforesaid, That all Ships and other ployed in foreign com

Vessels within this State, which shall be employed four Months in one Year in merce ex the European, Asiatic or African Commerce, fhall for those Years in which empted from they shall be so employed, be exempted out of the Lits, and freed from Taxes Taxes. in each Year wherein they shall be so employed. Provifo. Provided nevertheless, That no Person who having adhered to the King of

Great-Britain, in the Course of the late War, and under Pretext of such ad. herence, has been guilty of lawless and unauthorised plundering or Marder, or who has waged War aginst the United American States, contrary to the Laws and Usages of civilized Nations, shall be entitled to the Privileges and Benefits of this Aa.

Further Proviso.

And it is further provided, That nothing in the foregoing Aa fall be construed to interfere with, or contradičt any Regulations, Orders or Resolutions that have or may be come into by the United States in Con

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gress affembled, consonant to the Powers that already are, or hereafter may Þe jovested in them by the respective States, for the purpose of regulating Commerce. Provided also, That nothing herein shall be understood to imply a Countenance to, or Allowance of the Slave Trade so called, on the Afri: can Coast or elsewhere.

An Act to enable the United States in Congress assembled to

levy certain Duties and I'mj osts on certain Goods and Merchandizes imported into this State, to be applied in Payment of the Debts of the United States, contracted for supporting the late War, in Compliance with a Resolution of

Congress of the Eighteenth of April, 1783. BE:

E it eraéled by the Governor, Council, and Representatives, in General Court

affemblea, and by the Auibority of the fame, That the United States in Congress assembled be, and they are hereby fully authoried and impowered Congress auto levy for the Use of the United States aforesaid, the following Duties upon

thorised to Goods imported into this State from any foreign Port, Illand or Plantation levy an Im

poft. not within any of the United States ;. upon all. Rum of Jamaica Proof per

Gallon, four Ninetieths of a Dollar ; upon all other spirituous Liquors, three

Articles enuNinetieths of a Dollar ; upon Madeira Wine, twelve Nineciechs of a Dollar, merated with upon all other Wine fix Ninetieths of a Dollar ; upon common Bohea Tea per their rates. Pound, fix Ninetieths of a Dollar ; upon all other Teas, twenty-four Ninetieths of a Dollar: upon Pepper per pound, tbree Ninetiechs of a Dollar ; upon brown Sugar .per Pound, one half Ninetieth of Dollar ; upon Loaf Sngar, two Ninetieths of a Doilar, upon all other Sugars, onę Ninetieth of a Dollar ; upon Molaffes, one Ninetieth of a Dollar per Gallon ; upon Cocoa and Coffee per Pound, one Ninetieth of a Dollar ; and upon all other Goods a Ducy of five per Cent. ad Valorem, at the Time and Place of Importation for and during the Term of twenty-five Years.

Provided always, and be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That the whole of said Duties shall be applied to the Discharge of the Interest and Proviso. Principal of the Debts contracted on the Faith of the United States for fupporting the War, agreeable to the Resolution of the United States in Con. gress of the Sixteenth Day of December last, in the following Manner, viz. Whenever the Duties aforesaid, with other Funds that may be provided for that Purpose, Mall exceed the Sum requifite for Payment of the annual Interest of the National Debt contracted as aforesaid, then the Surplus shall become a finking Fund and be inviolably Appropriated to the Payment of the Principal of the said Debe, and shall on no Account be diverted to any other Ule.

Further proo.

viso.

Provided alo, That the United States in Congress assembled, shall as soon as the public Debt can be liquidated furnith the State annually with the Amount thereof and the Interest thereon ; and also the Proceeds and Dispofition of the Funds provided for the Redemption thereof, agreeable to the Relolution of Congress of the 16th of December 1782. And be it further enated by the Authority aforesaid, That all fuch Rules and

Rules for Ordinances as shall be made by the United States in Congress assembled, for collecting, to Levying and Collecting said Duties not inconsistent with the Constitution and be duly obinternal Police of this State, fhall be duly observed.

ferved,

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Provilo.

Provided nevertheless, that the Collectors of said Duties thall from Time to Time, as there may be Occasion, be appointed by the General Afiendly, or in their Recess, by the Governor and Council of this Siate; which Col. lectors thall be accountable and amenable to and removable by the United States in Congress assembled, who are also hereby authorised to appoint och Collectors in Case this State do not appoint them within one Moath after Notice received for that Purpose.

This A& to commence and be in Force as soon as the United States in Cos. gress fall make and publish an Ordinance for collecting the aforesaid Daties, in consequence of fimilar Aas having been paired by all

the other States in the Union.

When to be in Force.

An Act for levying and collecting a Duty on certain Articles

of Goods, Wares and Merchandize imported into this State,
by Land of Water.
E it enabled by the Governor, Council, and Representatives, in General Coart

la State Duties. twenty third Day of June, One thousand seven hundred and eighty-four,

there ihall be paid on the following Articles imported or brought into this State, by Land or Water, from any of the United States of America, the following Duties, viz. On all Wines per Gallon, one Shilling ; Brandy per Gallon, eight Pence ; Geneva per Gallon, eight Pence ; Rum per Gallos,

four Pence ; Snuff per Pound, fix Pence : Bohea Tea per pound, four Pence ; Articles enu. all other India Teas per Pound, two Shillings; Coffee per Pound, two Pence; merated, Chocolate per Pound, wo Pence ; Leaf Sugar per Pound, three Peace ; with their Brown Sugar per Pound, one Penny ; all Malt Liquors not the Manufa&are Rates.

of the United States per Gallon, one Shilling; and on Writing and Printing Paper per Ream, two Shillings and fix Pence.

And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That from and after Al other

the twenty-third Day of June, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-four, goods, &c.

there shall be paid a Duty of five per Ceat. ad Valorem, at the Time and Place of Importation, upon all other Goods, Wares and Merchandize, not before enumerated in this Aą, that are not the Growth, Produce or Mata. facture of the United States, that shall be brought or imported into this state, by Land or Water, from any of the United States.".

Provided nevertheless, That if any Goods, Wares and Merchandize, by this Paragraph of this A& liable to pay a Duty of five per Cent. the Property of any Citizen or Citizens of this State folely, and by such Citizen or Citizens

imported into any other of the United States, from any foreign Port or Provilo.

Place, with a Design and Intent to be imported into this Stare, hall be imported from such State into this State ; fuch Goods, Wases and Merchandize shall be exempted from paying the Duty imposed by this Paragraph of this Aa, provided the Owner or Owners of fach Goods shall make it appear, to the Satisfaction of the Judge of the County Court of chat County in this State, into which they shall be in. ported, that such Goods, Wares and Merchandize, come within the Proviso of this Paragraph of this Ad, and shall procure a Certificate from such Judge, that such Satisfaction hath been made, and shall lodge se same with the Naval-Officer of the Port, if imported by Water, or the Collector of the Town, if imported by Land, into which the faid Goods,

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are

oath.

land.

Wares and Merchandize are imported, within forty-eight Hours after the fame Method of fhall have been thus imported. And for the more effectually collecting and collc&ing. securing the Duties imposed by this Act, Be it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That at the Time of entering every

Masters of Ship or Veffel of the Burthen of thirty-five Tons or more, shall be exhibited to

& the Naval Officer, at whose Office fuch Ship or Vessel is entered, the original bove's tons, Invoices of all the Articles contained in the Manifest, herein after directed 10 to exhibit in be exhibited ; which Invoices shall then be by the Oath of the Mafer of such voice to the Ship or Veffel, or some other Person, proved to be the original Invoices of such naval officer. Articles ; and twenty-five per Cent, added to the Prices at which the "Articles Specified in such Invoices are set, shall be deemed and taken to be the Value of 25 per cent, such Articles at the Time and Place of Importation. And the Oath to be taken by the Person proving fuch Invoices, under Oath, fhall be as follows, to wit. You fwear by the Name of the ever living God, that the Invoices by you made

Form of the and exhibited to me are the true original Invoices of the Articles which therein specified and enumerated; and that the Prices set to the Articles therein enumerated, are the Prices ut which thojë respettive Articles were bona fide bought. So help you God.

And the Mafter of every Vessel or Boat, under the Burthen of thirty-five Tons, or some other Person, mall at the Time of exhibiting the Manifest here

Vefles, &c.

under 35 tons. in after directed to be exhibited of the Cargo imported in such Vessel or Boat, Invoice to be exhibit the original Invoice of the Articles contained in such Manifest, and exhibited. prove the same in the same Manner as is before provided in the last preceeding Articles imParagraph. And every Person importing any Articles by Land into any Town ported by in this state, shall in like Manner at the Time of rendering to the proper Collector herein after provided, an Account of the Articles by him thus imported, exhibit and prove by Oath the original Invoice of such Articles. And the respective Naval Oficers and Collectors are hereby impowered to Administer Naval officer faid Oath'; and if in any of the Cafes aforesaid, the original Invoices shall not &c. to admi

nister oath. be exhibited and proved, or in Case the Naval Officer or Collector to whom exhibited, shall not be satisfied with the Proof of such Invoice, such Naval Oti

No invoice? cer or Collector may at his discretion Nominate and Appoint two discreet Perfons to determine and ascertain the Value at the Time and Place of Importa- officers to cion of the various Articles contained in the Manifest, or Account exhibited, appoint apo which Persons shall be by the Naval Officer or Collector appointing them, prilers. fworn well and truly, to apprise such Articles at their true and just Value, at the Time and Place of Importation ; and the Coft and Expence attending fuch Cost and exapprisal, shall be paid by the Master or other Person exhibiting the Manifeftor pence paid Account herein after directed to be exhibited : And the Apprisers shall each have for such Service at the rate of ten Shillings per Day ; and in any Case where fuch Apprisers shall not !pend a whole Day in such Service, the Naval

Apprifers Officer or Collector, by whom they were appointed, Mall determine what pro- Fees. portion of a Day they shall be paid for, and his Determination in such Case İhall be final,

And be it further Ena&ted by the Authority aforesaid, That the Master of Ships &c. 35 every Ship or Vessel, of the Burthen of thirty-five Tons or more, that tons or more shall after the twenty-third Day of June next, arrive at or come into any to enter at Port, Harbour, River or Creek in this State, shall within twenty-four the naval ofHours after his thus arriving, duly enter his Ship or Vessel, at the Naval Office of the Port in which he arrives, and shall under Oath exhibit to

Exhibit a ma. such Naval Officer, a true and perfect Manifest in Writing, subscribed

nifest under by him, of every Article of Goods, Wares and Merchandize, import- oath.

&c.

Naval

by the mailer &c.

.

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ed or brought into this State on board such Ship or Vessel, as well of the Cargo and Lading of such Ship and Vessel as the Baggage of Passengers. And the form of the Oath to be taken by such Mafter relative to fuch Manifeft, shall be as follows :

You fwear by the Name of the ever-living God, that the Manifeft by you now Form of the exhibited, contains a true and perfelt Account of all the Goods, Wares and Qath. Merchandize taken on board your Ship or Kiffel, and imported by you iz bir

from the Ports or Port from whence your Ship or Vefjel cane ; and that the Bulk of your Vefjil hath not been broker, nor any Article whatever been usleaded therefrom, according to your best Knowledge and Belief. So help you God.

And be it further euaded by the Authority aforesaid, That the Master of

every Vefsel or Boat, under the Burthen of thirty-five Tons, coming into any Vessels un Port, Harbour, River or Creek in this State, from any Place out of the State, der 35 Tons, Mall within twenty-four Hours after arriving in any such Port, Harbour, Rito exhibit

ver or Creek, make and under Oath exhibit a true and perfect Manifeft of Manifest.

every Article of Goods, Wares and Merchandize, imported or brought into this State on board such Vestel or Boat, as well of the Cargo and Lading of

such Vessel or boat, as of the Baggage of Passengers, to the Naval Officer or Duties how Collector relident in the Town in which such Veffel or Boat arrives, the form and by whom of which Oath shall be the same, mutatis mutandis, as the Oath herein before paid.

in the next preceeding Paragraph provided ; and the Naval Officers and Collectors are hereby respectively impowered to administer such Oatb; and the Master of every Ship or Veffel of the Burthen of thirty-five Tons and upwards, and the Master of every Ship, Vefsel or Boat, or some other Person in their behalf shall at the Time of exhibiting the Manifeft, by this Ac required, pay to the Naval Officer or Collector to whom such Manifest is exhibited, the Duties by this Act payable on the articles contained in such Manifest, or in Case the whole Amount of such Duties exceeds the Sum of four Pounds lawful Money, give Bonds with two fufficient Sureties to such Naval Officers or Col. lector, in double the Sum of such Duties, that the said Duties, with the Interef thereof, shall be paid within one Month from the Date of such Bond. And every Ship, Vefsel or Boat, in which any article of Goods, Wares and Mer.

chandize shall be imported into this state, and of which a due and proper Ships, &c.

Entry shall not be made at a proper Naval Office, according to the Requirenot entered, Manifest not

ments of this A&, or of the Cargo of which a true and perfect Manifest hall exhibited, not be exhibited, according to the Requirements and Provifions of this AG, &c. to be and the Duties due on such Articles be paid or secured to be paid, as is herein forfeited. before directed, or out of which shall be unladen or taken by any Person wbat

ever, any Article of Goods, Wares and Merchandize, before the Measures and Procedure directed by this A& bave been perfe&tly complied with, shall w ith its Tackle, Apparel, Furniture and Cargo, whether on board or unladen, be forfeited as lawful Prize, and be liable to be seized, libelled and condemned, by and to any Person whatever, in manper hereinafter directed ; the one Moiety whereof after deducting the Cost of Prosecution, shall be to the use of the Per

Son seizing, libelling, and profecuting the same to final condemnation, if a Forfeitures private Person, and the other Moiety to the Treasurer of this State, to and for

the use of this State ; but if the Person seizing, libelling and profecuting, be a ed of.

Naval Officer of this State, or a Collector appointed according to this Aa, or an Informing Officer, one fifth part thereof shall, after deducting the Coft of Profecution, be to the use of the Naval Officer, Colle&tor, or Ipforming Oficer, fo seizing, libelling and prosecuting and four fifths thereof to the Trea. furer of this Seate, to and for the use of this state. And all Naval Officers,

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