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the Political Union, and employed al- | the effects of this error. It was not a most as many hands as the petition mere pledge that was sufficient; it was had signatures to it; and that, at the not a man's having voted for the Reform meeting of the Political Union, where Bill, which was to ensure the electors the petition originated, a vote of cen- against that which they now behold. sure was passe:l on one of the leading They ought to have been scrupulous members of the Administration, for in- i with regard to the past conduct of the troducing into Parliament the bill for man; with regard to his present concoercing Ireland, &c. &c.]
nexions ; his dependance upon the GoI have received a petition from the vernment or the aristocracy; his relainhabitants and electors of the town of tionship with church preferment, and Nottingham against the Irish Court- with military and naval promotions; to martial Bill, drawn in a most able man- all which they appear to hare paid no ner, containin; several thousand sig- attention whatever. They may now natures, and containing the names of be assured that this Parliapient will last great part of those who possess the for seven years, unless there be some wealth, intelligence, and viriue, of that accidental terinination to it sooner, fine and patriotic town. I deem it a They will see the result of the motion singular honour in having this petition for triennial Parliaments; and when confided to me.
they have seen that, they will want Also a petition, signed by about four. nothing more to convince them that teen or fifteen thousand persons, from they have been very incautious in their Newcastle-upon-1'yne, and signed hy the recent conduct. However, death, and council and associates of the Great North- other accidents, will be continually ern Political Union; the first ten or a making vacancies, and let the whole dozen signatures to which petition are the nation well watch the conduct of elecnames of men every one of whom ought tors themselves in the fresh choices to have been in this House. My readers they shall make. There is a vacancy will recollect the power of petitions now in the borough of Marybonne, and from this quarter, and under these same the candidates are, one what is called a signatures, in saving the lives of the conservative, the other a Whig, besides poor suffering labourers in the southern whom there is Mr. Murphy, who is a counties, in 1830 and 1831. From coal-merchant. This is the man for these petitioners came that loud cry of the electors of Marybonne ; and the humanity, which roused the whole coun- reasons for their electing him are try upon that occasion. From them neatly stated in the following paper, came also those blood-stirring appeals which has been started in the shape of which roused the country, and urged it a hand-bill, and which I insert here on in the cause of parliamentary with very great pleasure, seeing that it reform. To have had this petition proves that there are some persons, at sent to me, instead of its being sent any rate, who have good sense, in the to the Members for Newcastle, Sir borough of Marybonne. MATTIIEW WHITE RIDLEY and Mr. Hodgson, is an honour much more
Marybonne Election ! than sufficient to gratify any ambition WHY AND BECAUSE? that I ever entertained'; only, again I lament that several of these petitioners
Why are the People deprived of Cheap are not here to speak from their own
Bread? lips that which they say upon paper.
Because the Landowners make the This was the great error at the last Laws. election : the people were taken by sur- Why are the Assessed and other prise: the word reform satisfied them : Tixes made to press most on the Middle my exhortations, and the demanding and Productive Classes ? of pledges even, were insufficient for Because the Laws are made exclu. the purpose of protecting them against sively by the Richer Classes.
Why, when a Tradesman dies, is his'the wonderful silence which has been little Property made liable to most hitherto kept by the great and formerly enormous duties, while the Rich Land-spirited town of Leeds; even Yorkshire owner's Property remains untaxed ? has begun to perceive how it has been
Because Tradesmen are so thought- imposed upon, how it has been cheated; less as to elect Rich Men for Law-Ma- and though it will be able to obtain kers.
little redress, perhaps, as long as this
Parliament shall last, it will be roused Why do the Stamp Laws tax the long and long before another elecPoorer Classes TWO HUNDRED per Cent. tion shall take place. To return, for and the Rich Classes less than ten per a moment, to the electors of MaryCent. ?
bonne; if they do not elect Mr. MURPHY Because the Richer Classes only make they will deserve to bear their present the Laws.
burdens wholly undiininished. Between Why have the Supporters of Mr. the other candidates there is not a straw Thomas MurPuy put him forward as a
to choose. One may sit at the back of Representative for MaryBONNE ?
Peel, and the other at the back of AlBecause he is in the same Rank in thorp; but the Peeler will vote with Society, and has the same Interest in Althorp, and he who sits at the back of Cheap Government and Equal Taxation Althorp will vote with Peel; so that if with themselves, and is therefore more there were only these two, no man of likely to advance the Interest of the sense would give a vote at all. That great mass of the Electors of Mary- that borough should act rightly, consibonne.
dering who are its principal inhabitants,
would to me be matter of surprise, unVOTE
less the electors were protected by the
balloi ; but that they ought to suffer MURPHY.
everything that men can suffer in this
life, if they do not do their duty, must The Central Committee meet Daily be the judgment pronounced on them at the Queen's Heat and Artichoke, Al- by every good man in the kingilom. bany-street, Regent's Park.
This is plain cominon sense.
IRISH curious that the Morning Chronicle, in
RED.COAT TRIBUNAL BILL. stating the relalive merits and demerits of the other candidates, never so much This bill went into a committee last as names Mr. MURPHY! Dr. Black night (Wednesday).--Mr. O'Connell can see reason for passing the Irish bill, began opposing it, by moving an inand he can see reason for establishing a struction to the committee: a division gendarmerieallover England. This Chro- took place, when the numbers were as nicle has become a paper of rather more stated below. He divided the House than equivocal character ; but we shall again upon the Speaker's leaving the see it fully exposed before this session chair. In the first division, there were of Parliament be over ; it is apparently 63 for Mr. O'Conneli's motion, and under the dictation of a great jawing, 125 against it. On the second division, double-faced lawyer ; but it, as well as there were 151 against Mr. O'Conthat lawyer, will not be able to keep sell's motion, and 34 for it.
I regret their heads aloft many months longer. that I have not the names of this last The mountebank tricks of the latter minority ; but think it right, in justice are being daily exposed. Even York- to ourselves, to observe, that Mr. Freushire, with all its enthusiasm, with all den and I were two of that thirty-four. its facility of being duped by impostors; Upon the motion, that the preamble of cven Yorkshire, in spite of the silence, the bill be postponed, Mr. O'CONNELL rose to oppose it, and I had the pleasure they would all bave this conviction ; and to second his motion. A pretty long if every man in England could see this debate ensued upon this question, but sight and hear those sounds, all Enge Mr. O'Connell did not press it to a land, with one united voice, would pray division. After which, the first clause to God to protect him against all his was gone into, and the debate on it enemies. In short, without him, Irecontinued until a very late hour, land would be dealt with, just as the when the chairman reported progress, Government pleased, without the oppo. and obtained leave to sit again, after sition of any resistance at all ; and, for which a whole string of orders of my part, I should deem myself one of the day were gone through in a few the worst of all mankind if I did not minutes, each of them of vast import- lend him all the support in my power. ance; but the members all going away, I may not, in all cases, be exactly of his and the House in complete hubbub while opinion, even in matters relating to this pondrous work was going on. Upon Ireland ; but, seeing him beset, as I do, this occasion, it is impossible for me to leaving out of the question the probarefrain from expressing my admiration bility of my opinion not being so corof the things done by Mr. O'CONNELL. rect as his, it is not for me to split hairs I never had before an opportunity of in such a case, to perk up my opinionin witnessing his surprising quickness, and opposition to his, and under that prethe irresistible force of that which drops tence, leave him to be torn to pieces by from his lips. His sincerity, his good- his merciless foes. Last night, he filled humour, his zeal, his earnestness, his everybody with astonishment at his willingness to sacrifice everything for powers, and especially at his surprising the cause of the people ; for the cause quickness. There he was, the mastiff, of those who never can serve him in surrounded by that which I will not deany way whatsoever ; it is only neces- scribe; every one taking his bite, one sary to be a witness of these, to explain behind, another before; and he turning why it is that the people of Ireland love first to one and then to the other, and him, and confide in him; and why it is laying them sprawling upon the earth. that he is so bated and detested by every To be able to do him justice, you must one who has a tyrant's heart in his body see him with thirty-four men only at his There is another description of men, back; with three hundred and fifty too, of whom it is necessary to speak roaring out against him, and with upon this occasion; I mean those who twenty or thirty lying quiet in snug siare actuated by envy, and I do not here lence bursting with envy still more allude to any amongst his own country- deadly th n the open hatred of his foes. meņ; for they all seem . perfectly wil. There will be reports of these debates. ling to acknowledge his superior claims These reports will be as full and as corto the confidence of his country. If he rect as the circumstances will permit, have any fault, it is that of letting the but it is not in the power of man to do kindness of his disposition get the better justice, not a tenth part of justice due to of his justice ; but perhaps this is insepa- his zeal and his exertions on this occasion! rable from those other qualities which For my part, I sat and looked at him have caused him to have such predomi- with astonishment until eleven o'clock, nant sway over the minds of the industri. when, finding that there would be no ous classes of his country. It is impossible division that night, I came away. But to see the conduct which is observed my colleague, whose judgment is not towards him, without being convinced inferior to that of any man, staid the that his enemies are thoroughly per- debate out, and told me that, Mr. suaded that Ireland must have justice O'Connell carried on the war against done her, or he must be destroyed.. If his foes in a manner to surprise him
my readers could hear the words ut- beyond anything that he had ever seen tered with regard to him; could see in his life. Very often have we seen in the looks accompanying those words; the English papers, and particularly in
the Times, sneers at the Irish peopled | Handley, Benjamin,
Hawkins, John, Newport
for being so wrapped up and so devoted to Mr. O'CONNELL: they have called the people deluded : faith, it is no delusion : they know him well, they know not only his friendship, but his efficiency; they know that he is worthy of their confidence. He has, indeed, as great reward as they can bestow upon him: to see him in the House surrounded by his sons, members of counties or great towns, he himself the member for the great metropolis of Ireland ; to see him thus enjoying the greatest glory, the most heart. feli siitisfaction that man can possibly enjoy, must give delight to every heart in which the base and venomous passion of envy has not taken up its residence.
LIST OF THE MINORITY OF
(TELLERS INCLUDED) Who voted for Mr. ('Connell's motion
on going into the Committee on the Irish Disturbances Bill, “ That “ it be an Instruction to the said “ Committee to preserve in violate “ to his Majesty's subjects in Ire“ land that protection to innocent
persons accused of crimes-the
James, William, Carlisle
Paired off for the amendment.
this privilege might be abused to PERSONS SENDING PETITIONS. an enormous extent. All, therefore,
that petitioners will have to guard Experience has now enabled me to
against is, the enclosing of any give full instructions on this head.
letter, or any other thing, besides 1. If ihe petition weigh less than six the petition itself; for, if I find ounces, it ought to be sent open at
any letter, or any thing but the both ends, with the words, “ Peli
petition, I will never certify; and, tion to Parliament”, written on
of course, I cann't have the petithe cover ; but with no letter, nor
jon, which I shall send back to anything but the petition, enclosed.
the Pust office along with the let2. If it be a large roll, or anything
ter, or other thing, enclosed with it. weighing more than six ounces, it 1. There is no need of any letter to me may still come by post, tied up, or along with, or about,'a petition. sealed up, with the words “ Peti.
Those who do me the honour to tion to Parliament" written on send petitions to me, may rely on the cover, and directed to me; my attention to them. They must but, having no letter, nor anything see, from what I have said in the but the petition, enclosedl. In such foriner irticle, that it is impossible a case, I am allowed to open the for me, or for any member, to preparcel, and, upon my sending back
sent any petition, except accidentthe cover, to the Post-office, with a
ally, as soon as he receives it. But, certificate, that it contained nothing the course that I shall pursue, even but a petition, the posiaye is re- under the present regulation, will mitted. The following note to ensure the presentation in a reasonine, from the Secretary of the Ge. able time, and in the manner most neral Post-office, will fully explain likely to ensure to the petitions this matter.
their suitable effect. It is very de. “ Sir Erancis Freeling presents his
sirable, and, indeed it is our duty, compliments to Mr. Cobbett, and beg's to husband our time; and, by clus“ to place in his hands two petitions sifying my petitions, by laying
to Parliament addressed to him, which them before the House in a distinct " had been retured to the Post-office manner, by enabling the reporters
as refusel, on account of the charge to give a clear account of their “ to which they were legally subjected
tenor, I shall render them of more “ in the first instance under the pro
utility, than by presenting them in « visions of the itct.
a promiscuous and desultory way; “ In any similar cases hereafter, it and I shall, by the same mode of
may perhaps save some delay, if Mr. proceeding, save the lime of the “ Cobbett will open the packet and House, which is
a very great return the cover to the leiter-carrier, matter. " with a certificate on it, signed by him. 5. The right of petition is invaluable;
self, that it contained only a petition and I exhort my readers to look " to Parliament, which would be a suf- upon it as a duty as well as a right. "ficient voucher to enable the Post- But, there are some rules to be master-General to direct the charge
atiended to, and these ought not to to be allowed."
be neglected, or disregarded. “ General Post-office, 12. March, 1833."
FIRST; the petition should be written
in a plain hand. 3. Nothing can be more just, proper, Second); bowever angry, and how
and convenient, than this regula- ever justly, petitioners may be with tion. It leaves no one any right the House, they ought to speak in to complain. It is quite proper to language not abusive, at the least. require the certificate, signed by No man ever wrote so many petithe member himself; otherwise tions to Parliament as I have : no