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sonally acquainted. He on that night constitutional way of going to work. stated, that personal visits had been Here we are on a rock of adamant; made to a number of families, within here we speak to the nation in clear twenty miles of his residence, contain and intelligible language. The exing fifty thousand persons; that these penders of our money will find, that persons were employed in the manu. they are not to carry on the concern as facture of silks, of woollen, and of cot- they hitherto have done. ton; and he on that occasion had stated that, so far as regarded those employed in the manufacture of cotton, he could, of his own knowledge, declare that they were in the main correct, and substan
CLERGY NON-RESIDENCE. tially true.
HOUSE OF COMMONS. Dr. BALDWIN said that his consti. tuents would not permit him to vote for
Monday, 4. March. any supply of money to the Govern- Sir J. WROTTESLEY bore witness to ment to aid them in the establishment the great feeling which pervaded all of martial law in Ireland. He must, parts of this country on the subject of therefore, vote for the amendment. clerical residence. He hoped that that
An hon. Member stated that within House would take the matter into its a circle of ten miles round Manchester speedy consideration, and compel the the labouring population were as com- incumbents to reside in their 'several fortable as ever they had been. (Hear). benefices. (Hear, hear). The subject of
An hon. Member on the opposition complaint was not a newone; and the re: side of the House declared that he had inedy lay in the repeal of an odious and never seen so much distress in his life impolitic act passed about thirty years amongst the labouring classes as within ago. By this act the laws of Henry the last two years. The people in his vill, requiring, upon pain of certain neighbourhood were working on the penalties, the residence of clergymen in lowest possible wages.
The tax off their several incumbencies, were abrosugar would be a great relief to the gated ; and that the power of enforclower classes.
ing that residence was placed in the Mr, Hume hoped the hon. Member hands of the bishops, who, he hoped would not persist with his amendment. used it well; but who, he would add, On the bringing up of the report be it could not be expected would be en. would have a better opportunity, in a tirely divested of those kind feelings fuller house, of discussing the question. for friends and partialities for relations
Mr. Ruthven persisted in his amend- which might some how or other interment, and the gallery was cleared for a fere with its operation. (Hear). He division, when there appeared
would not detain the House Jonger. For the amendment
He would only repeat the substanee of 8
his observations, inat those who paid Against it ..
the clergy- the parishioners, should .-78
have at the least, in common justice, The resolution was then agreed to the power of enforcing their residence The remaining resolutions were also atnong them. (Hear). agreed to, and the House having re
Mr. Colbert: I have not been inato sumed, the report was ordered to be tentive to the operation of this act albrought up on Thursday.
luded to by the hon. Baronet, nor have I been heedless of his observations. But
I will take the credit to myself to say, The people of England are greatly that I anticipated him long since ;
for indebted to Mr. Ruthven (Mr. O'Con- when, that act was passed, I said that nell's colleague for Dublin), for his con- in a few years it would destroy the duct upon this occasion. This is the church of England. (Hear, hear). This
act was brought in by Sir William Scott, any worldly calling. Since they have the then member for the University of taken to trafficking, they have sunk Oxford ; and the intention of intro- very much indeed in the estimation of ducing it to the House was to quash a the public. Indeed, if I wanted a good nunber of actions then pending against jobber to go to fairs or markets for the clergy in various parts of England me-to buy sheep or to become a and Wales, for non-residence, under the pig-poker, I would employ a parson in 23. of Henry VIII. I shall have a preference to any other, and I would motion shortly before this House calling back him against the world. (Laughter, for the return of the exact number of and hear). From a review of all these actions so quashed by this law; which, circumstances, I have come to the conI will aud, was in my opinion the most clusion that the church of England may, unjust one ever passed in this world. without injury to its stability, be mäde (Hear). I am a friend of the esta- to maintain itself, and not be dependent blished church; that I am so, indeed, 1 upon others. (Hear.) I have seen a need not say myself, for very fortunately church of England in America so supI have the certificate of the Bishop of ported : and I have known its pastors Salisbury to that effect. (Laughter). In to receive from their several congrega1813 the worthy Bishop published a tions seldom less than 4001. a-year. Is pamphlet, in which he said there was it likely that fthey would be worse paid not a layman in England who was a in England, if similarly circumstanced? friend to the established church; but And I know from my own knowledge in the second edition of that pam- that these clergymen are much more phlet he begged my pardon, and respected than their brethren in this added, in a note, that I was the only country. I will also add, that I think lay friend of the establishment in the the church will never be pure, and concountry. (Laughter, and hear). · After sequently never beloved, till the whole this, I am sure I need not profess my system of tithing and clerical extortion regard for the established church, while is done away with for ever. (Hear, I have the certificate of a bishop to do hear). 40 for me. (A laugh). This act, alluded Mr. Methuen said that he believed to by the hon. Baronet, it was which the inhabitants of Wales placed the also repealed the 13. of Elizabeth, greatest confidence in his Majesty's whereby the clergy of the established Ministers in looking for those changes church were prevented from renting that were necessary in the established farms in their several benefices, and church. also from trafficking. (Laughter). It Mr. Estcourt- complained of the was passed, I believe, when the hon. manner in which the hon. Member had Baronet was himself in the House. treated this subject. He had completely
Sir J. Wrottesley, we understood given the go-bye to the statements of to say across the table, did not at that the petition, and had introduced another time perceive the effects which have subject not at all before the House. since resulted from it.
The hon. Member would have it beMr. COBBETT : He did not perceive lieved, that although there were 10,000 the effects of it, he says ; very likely. livings in England, there were only The bishops did not perceive the effects 4,000 resident clergymen. (Cries of of it either, or if they did they did not No, no). It was true, that in repeating choose to reveal their perception ; and that statement, the hon. Member had those effects
have been that out of said 4,000 incumbents. Now, he (Mr. 10,000 benefices in this kingdom, there Estcourt) was not prepared to make any are only 4,000 resident incumbents at specific statement to the House at this this moment. (Hear). Another evil effect moment in contradiction to that; but of this act was the degradation it en- he appealed to every gentleman present, tailed on the clergy, by taking away whether his knowledge of the number the restraints laid on their pursuit of of parishes in the country without resi
dent clergymen, would at all bear out any body but the representative of the that representation ? Could any hon. body of ihe clergy of England. (Laugh, Member believe that there was a majo- ter). He took upon himself to contrarity of parishes without a resident cler- dict facts ; fur i stated facts. (Hear). gyman. The statement was too prepos- I stated, that out of 10,000 and odd terous to be crediled for a moment. He livings in the church of England, in (Mr. E.) knew nany parishes in which England and Wales, there were only there had been no fit residence for a 4,000 and odd, I could not speak to a clergyman, but in which provision had fraction, resident incumbents. I stated been made for the reception and com- yesterday, that on about 10,000 benefices fort of one, and this was going on in England and Wales, there were only everywhere at the present moment. something like 4,000 resident incunThe hon. Member had said that the bents. Here are the returns laid before bench of bishops had given such a the House; and if there would have construction to the act of Parliament as been apology for my ignorance with had promoted non-residence. That he respect to them, there is none for (Mr. E.) denied. On the contrary, they that of the honourable Baronet, who wished to promote residence; and were was a Member of this House, when doing every thing in their power to ef- they were ordered. What do these returns fect it. In conclusion, the hon. Mem- state ? They state that in 1827, the first ber said, that if the hon. Member for year at which they begin, there were Oldham would put his proposition in 10,533 benefices-not parishes, but besuch a shape as to enable himself
, or refices, which very frequently consist of those more competent to do so, to fuir- more than one parish; and that out of ly grapple with it, he was satisfied that these 10,533, there were only 4,413 reit would be found to be altogether un-sident incuinbents in their incumbenfounded. (Hear, hear.) The hon. Men-cies. For the year 1828 we have no reber was fond of indulging in a strain turn; but for 1829, out of the same which went to tarnish the character of number of benefices, we have 4,516 rea worthy and exemplary body of men. sidents. In the diocese of Winchester
there were-(The hon. Member's staleWednesday, 6. March.
ment escaped us here). In Lincoln, Mr. V100Rs presented a petition from there were 1,753 benefices, and only the parish of Kilderry, in Carlow, 503 residents; and in the diocese of against tithes, and bore testimony to the Norwich 1,076, and only 360 residents. respectability of the signatures attached There is the return, the hon. Member to it.
may look at it if he pleases. I observed Mr. BLACKNEY said, he had known in on a former occasion, also, that there his own parish the poor man's pig, and were in England and Wales upwards of the poor woman's pot, taken away for 200 parishes having no church; I now tithes, and he was satisfied that nothing find, by these returns, that there are 254, eould relieve Ireland-no measure which and not a church among them all, nor his Majesty's Ministers might propose, a solitary place where worship can be would satisfy the people until they had celebrated, and where, consequently, a total abolition of tithes. (Hear). the inhabitants cannot observe the
Mr. COBBETT here rose and said: In Lord's day, though the prayers of all expressing my hearty concurrence in the petitions presented to the House to the prayer of this petition, I'must, if that effect should be acceded to. (Hear, the House will allow me, notice a sor hear). And yet in every one of these of calling to account which I had to parishes, so circumstance, I cannot experience recently from the 'hon. find that the incumbents relinquished a Member for the University of Oxford, single penny of their tithes; on the in a tone and manner which, indeed, contrary, they have always exacted was not unbecoming in that hon. Mem- them, even with increased rigour to the ber, but which it would have been in last farthing. I stated, on that occa
sion, too, that there were about 1,500 total number of resident clergymen were parsonage-houses, which, despite of the about 8,000. But there were many of positive laws to the contrary, were neg- the clergy who, by their exemplary lected and left to go to ruin by the in- conduct, attracted the notice of their curabent. I now, however, find that I diocesan, and were promoted to stalls, misstated, for this return shows me or received preferment of a similar nathat there are 1729 benefices where the ture. Clergymen who filled such apparsonage-houses have been suffered to pointments were compelled to be resigo to decay; where the clergy set all dent for a length of time in the imme. the laws at defiance, and not only not diate neighbourhood of such appointreside on the benefices themselves, but ments; and it was no uncommon thing prevent the possibility, by this means, for those very persons to place on their of others residing there after them. parishes a resident curate, doing only a
Mr. ESTCOURT did not mean to dis- portion of the duty themselves. But pute the accuracy of the statements those persons, employing such resident: made by the hun. Member for Oldham, curates, were returned as non-resident, but he apprehended that he had not put which he would take leave to state was them in a light that was altogether not the fact. fair. If he understood the hon. Mem. ber correctly, he had stated there were only 4,500 resident incumbents out of 10,000 benefice3. Now he (Mr. E.) supposed that these so called resident
GOOD FRIDAY; incumbents were incumbents residing
OR, in parsonage-houses. He apprehended, THE MURDER OF JESUS CHRIST BY however, that there was another co
THE JEWS. lumn in the returns giving the number of incumbents resident in the several BY WM. COBBETT, M.P. FOR OLDHAN. parishes, though not resident in the parsonage-houses.
“ Now, son of man, wilt thou judge the Mr. ČOBBETT—No, no.
“ bloody city ? Then say thou, Thus saith the
« Lord God: The city sheddeth blood in the Mr. Escourt said, he was not aware " midst of it: therefore have I made it a rethen of the returns to which the hon. “ proach to all the heathen, and a mockir Member had referred. The last re
" to all countries. Those that be near thee,
" and those that be far from thee, sball mock turns that he (Mr. Estcourt) had seen
"thee, which art ipfamous. In thee haie were those of 1816; and from those it " they dealt by oppression with the stranger, appeared that the number of benefices " and have vexed the fatherless and the widowa was 10,300. Now, towards this num
“ Behold, the princes of Israel, every one ber there were 3,798 resident in the
were in thee to their power to shed blood,
“In thee have they taken gists to shed blood : parsonage-houses, and 1,990 in addi- " thou hast taken usury and increase, and tion, resident in the parishes; thus " hast greedily gained of thy neighbours by making a total of 5,700. Besides these “ extorsion : behold therefore, I have smitten there were 1,900 curates who resided “ my hand at thy dishonest gain, and at thy
“ blood, which has been in the midst of and did duty; thus making up the thee; and I will scatter thee among the number 7,700. In addition to this, he “ heathen, avd disperse thee in the countries; found that there were 277 presentations
" and thou shalt take thine inheritance in to new livings in the course of that
thyself in the sight of the nation.”—EZEKIEL,
year. Of course, these were put down in the re
chap. xxii. ver. 2 to 15. turns as non-residents, because the elder Of all the days set apart by CHRISclergyman had not resided, as it was ob- TIANS, to be observed with speciab vious he could not throughout the year. marks of solemnity, this has ever been If these then were deducted, and they distinguished from the rest as meriting evidently should be, for the clergyman more than ordinary proofs of their gralast presented succeeded in his residence titude towards God; this being the anthe clergyman whom he followed; the niversary of that day on which the blas.
phemous inhabitants of the “ bloody time, a scourge to every country that city" put the Author of Christianity to has had the weakness and the wicked. the most cruel of deaths. On this day, ness to encourage any thing approachtherefore we are called upon to show ing towards fellowship with this scat, this gratitude, not so much by the puttered and wandering and greedy race. ting on of mourning, by the desisting The offence of OUR SAVIOUR was, not from wordly occupations, or by any his proclaiming himself the King of the other outward signs of woe, as by re- Jews, as was falsely alleged, but his flecting, and communicating to each going into the TEMPLE, and overturning other our reflection, on the transactions the tables of the money-changers, sayof the day; on their effects with regard ing, “ It is written, My house shall be a to ourselves; on the obligations which“ house of prayer, but you have made those effects impose upon us ; and on “ it a den of thieves." This was his real the awful consequences of our disre- offence, in the eyes of this people, garding those obligations.
whom God had, by the prophets, deAs to the transactions of the day, they nounced, on account of their crafty and consisted of a savage murder, commit- merciless extortions and oppressions. ted after long premeditation ; effected “ Thou hast taken usury and increase, by hypocrisy and bribery and perjury;" and hast greedily gained of thy neighaccompanied with scorn and mockery • bours by extortion.” (Ezekiel, chap. of the innocent sufferer; and proceeding xxii. v. 12.) This was his offence in from motives the basest and blackest the eyes of the Jews, who when they that ever disgraced the hearts of even heard him (Luke, chap. vi. ver. 35) give that reprobate people whom God, by the precept, “ Lend, hoping for nothing the mouths of the prophets, has appro- thereby ;" that is, for no gain on the priately denominated "filth, and dross, loan ; when they heard him preach docand scum," and whom he has doomed, trine like this, they instantly began to as in the words of my text, to be "dis. conspire against his life. For what ofpersed in the countries,” and to have fence could they take at his calling him. no inheritance except in their own self their king, even if he had done that? bodies, on which also he has set his Their country was conquered; they were mark of reprobation, making them "a the slaves of a deputy despot from mocking to all countries.”
Rume; they had no notions of alleThe life of Jesus Christ had been giance, of independence, of civil or polione of unmixed goodness ; of spotless tical rights ; they were, as the prophets innocence; of bright example. He went had so clearly foretold they would be, about healing the sick, comforting the trampled on by the heathen," and afflicted, preaching patience, forgive- were "the captives of the ungodly." ness of injuries, disinterestedness, cha- They were a mass of contented slaves rity, peace on earth, and good will of those who worshipped JUPITER and amongst men ; but, above all things, an Mars. They cared nothing about who abstaining from extortion, an abstaining was their king, who gave them laws, or from oppression of the poor, the fativer to whom they paid tribute, so that they less, and the widow. But, alas ! this were but permitted to carry on their newas the very thing which gave offence farious practices of usury and and exto a people who were living in all the tortion; and it is truly surprising how filthiness of “usury and increase ; " and closely this character' has adhered to who, though themselves the slaves of a them to the present day, there not being Roman despot, who had absolute power one single instance on record in which over their purses, seem to have had no they have not, when the oecasion offered, passion other than that for accumulating been the unwilling instrunents of opmoney; a passion which has come pressors and tyrants, if iMoše oppressors down, unimpaired, to their descendants, and tyrants gave free scopë to their who, while they have been “a mocking extortions. to all countries," have been, at the same Therefore, the offence committed