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persons as aforesaid, or for any such purpose any such proclaimed districts as aforesaia, as aforesaid, such person so offending shall be shall be liable to be prosecuted in any court of guilty of a misdemeanour; and every such criminal jurisdiction under the warrant of his uffeuce committed within any district pro- Majesty's Attorney-General for Ireland, and claimed in pursuance of the provisions of this not otherwise, and being so prosecuted shall act, sball be cognizable by any court martial be proceeded against and punished for such appointed under this act, and if committed offence according to the course of the common within any other district, shall be tried and law. punished according to the course of the com- And he itenacted, that in cases where any permon law.
son or persons shall during the continuance of Provided always, and be it further enacted, this act be arrested, committed, or detained in that in case any person be charged with or custody hy force of any warrant issued under indicted for having made or caused to be the authority of this act, or by any person made, or for having heen present at the hereby empowered in that behalf, it shall and making of any such sigual, nirice, or call as may be lawful for any person or persons to aforesaid, the burden of proof that such signat whom such warrant or warrants shall have or call su charged as having been made with been or shall be directed, 10 detain such perintent or for the purpose aforesaid, was not son or persons so arrested or commitied in his made with such intent or for such purpose, or their custody in any place whatever within shall be upon the person so charged or indicted Ireland; and such person or persons to whom as aforesaid.
such warrants have been or shall be directed, And be it enacted, that no act, matter, or shall be deemed and taken to be to all intents thing done in any such proclaimed district as and purposes lawfully authorised to detain in aforesaid, in pursuance or execution of any the same custody, anid to be the lawful jailers power or authority hereby conferred, shall be and keepers of such persons so arrested, comquestioned in any court of the United Kingdom miited, or detaived; and that such place and having jurisdiction, civil or criminal, except as piaces where such persons so arrested, com hereinafter-mentioned; (that is to say) that all wisted, or detained, are or shall be detained officers, non-commissioned officers, and sol-in custody, shall be deemed aud taken to all diers who shall act under any such power or intents and purposes to be the lawful prisons authority shall, for and in respect of anything and jails for the detention and safe custody of done under such power or authority, in any such person and persons; and that it shall such proclaimed district as aforesaid, be and may be lawful to and for the Lord-Lieuresponsible to courts-martial to be holden tenant or other chief governor or governors of uoder any sta in force for holding couris-Ireland for the time bei warrant signed martial, by which court-martial respectively by him, or for the chief secretary of such they shall be liable to be tried and punished Lord-Lieutenant or other chief governor or for 'any offence against the articles of war governors, by warrant signed by such secreunder any law then in force for sucs purposes; tary, or by warrant signed by any officer or and such courts-martial respectively shall officers commanding his Majesty's forces in have full and exclusive cognizance of all such Ireland, or such other persou or persons as matters and things which shall be objected the Lord-Lieutenant or other chief governor against such officers, non-commissioned or governors of Ireland shall tbink fit to auofficers, and soldiers respectively, and pro- thorise in that behalf, from time to time, as ceedings shall be had thereon in the same occasion shall be, to change the person or permanner as for offences against the articles of soos hy woom, and the place in which such war, and not otherwise ; and no other court person or persons su arrested shall be detained in any part of the United Kingdom, whether in safe custody. civil or criminal, shall have cognizance or ju. Provided always, and be it enacted, that risdiction with respect to any act, matter or copies of such warrants respectively sball be thing, which shall be done by any such transmitted to the clerk of the crown, and officer, non-commissioned officer, or soldier, shall be filed by him in the public office of the in pursuance of the act, iu any such pro- Pleas of the crown at the city of Dublin. claimed district as aforesaid ; and any pro- And be it enacted, that every person who ceediog instituted, had, or commenced in any shall knowingly and corruptly swear falsely in such court as last-mentioned, against any any evidence given by such person before any officer, non-commissioned officer, or soldier, court constituted or acting under the authority for or by reason of any such act, matter, or of this act, shall be deemed and adjudged to be thing, whether by indictment, action or other guilty of the crime of wilful and corrupt wise, shall be stayed by summary: appli- perjury, and shall upon conviction thereof bo cation to the court in 'which ihe same shall liable all the penalties and punishments have been instituted, had, or commenced; now by law incident to the crime of wilful and and that all justices of the peace, con- corrupt perjury. stables, policemen, and all other persons And be it enacted, that if any person who besides officers, non-commissioned officers shall be detained in custody under the powers and soldiers, who shall act under any such created by this act, charged with any offence power or authority, for and in respect of any committed in any proclaimed district as aforething done under such power or authority in said, shall sue forth a writ of babeas corpus witoin three calendar months from the time continuance, or if a verdict or judgment on of his first arrest, it shall be a good and suffi- demnurrer shall pass agaiost him, the decient return to such writ, that the party suing fendant shall recover treble costs. forth the same is detained by virtue of the And whereas doubts may arise whether any powers in that behalf hereby conferred, and such action, suit, plaint or ivformation was when such return shall be made it shall not so commenced or prosecuted against the debe necessary to bring up the body of the fendant or defendants therein for what he or person so detained.
they did io pursuance or execution of this act; And be it enacted, that no justice or justices be it enacted, that in all cases where there of the peace shall have any power or autho- shall be a verdict for the defeudant, if it shall rity to admit to tail any person charged with appear to the juilge or court before whom the any offence hereby made cognizable by any cause shall have been tried, that the same court-martial appointed under the provisious was prosecuted or instituted for or by means of this act: provided always, that no person of any act done in pursuance or execution of shall be detained in custody by virtue of the this act, such judge or court shall certify the powers contained in this act, for a longer time same on the record, and thereupon such treble: than three calendar months from the time of costs shall be adjudged as aforesaid; and if his first arrest, without being brought to trial the plaintiff or prosecutor shall become nonfor the offence or offences for which he is so suit, or forbear prosecution, or suffer a dis. detained in custody.
continuance, or if judgment shall pass against And be it enacted, that in all cases where him on demurrer, it shall and may be lawful any offence committedwithin such! district pro- for the defendant or defendants, or any of claimed as aforesaid shall be punished with them, to suggest on the record that such acimprisonment under this act, or by any court tion, suit, plaint, or ioformation was brought authorised under the provisions thereof, other against such defendant or defendants for what than and except any offence created by this he or they did in pursuance or execution of act for being present at any unlawful assembly, this act, which suggestion may be traversedi it shall and may be lawful for such court to by the plaintiff if be shall think proper so to order and award, if they shall so thiuk fit, do, and issue being joined thereupon, the that in addition to the imprisonment thereby same shall be tried by Nisi Prius according directed, the person convicted shall be kept to the usual course of such court on issues to hard labour during the whole or any part joined thereio; and if such suggestion shall of the period to which such imprisonment not be traversed, or being traversed the issue shall extend.
thereon shall be found for such defendant or And be it enacted, that it shall and may be defendants, he or they shall thereupon be enlawful to aod for the magistrates of the next titled to his or their treble costs as aforesaid, adjacent counties at large respectively to exe- together with the treble costs of the said snge cute this act within the several counties of gestion, and of the proceedings thereon (if cities or counties of towns in Ireland, except any) : and if such issue shall be found for the the county of the city of Dublin; and in like said plaintiff, he shall be entitled to the costs maoner for the several magistrates of such of the said suggestion and the proceedings counties of cities and counties of towns to thereon, and the same shall be set off against execute this act in the next adjacent counties the costs to be adjudged to the defendant ne at large.
defendants making such suggestion, and the And be it enacted, that all the powers and judgment shall be for the balance of the said authorities given tu, and all duties required costs, if any. from magistrates of counties at large, under Provided always, and be it enacted, that and by virtue of this act, shall be and are when a verdict shall be given for the plaintiff hereby given to and required from all magis in any such action to be brought against auy trates of counties of towns or couuties of ci-justice of the peace, peace-officer, or other ties in Ireland.
person, for takiog or imprisoniog or detaining And be it enacted, that if any action, suit, any person, or entering houses, under colour plaint, or information shall be commenced or of any authority given by this act, and it shall prosecuted agaiust any person or persons for appear to the judge or judges before whom the what he or ihey shall do in pursuance and same shall be tried, that there was a probable execution of this act, in any part of Ireland cause for doing the act complained of io such Dot being in any such proclaimed district as action, and the judge or court sbalt certify the aforesaid, the same shall be commenced within same on record, then-aud in that case the three months after the act complained of was plaintiff shall not be entitled to more than committed, and shall be brought or laid sixpence damages, por lo any costs of suit : within the county where the act was como provided also, that where a verdict shall be mitted ; and such person so sued may plead giveu for the plaintiff in any such action as the general issue of not guilty, or any other aforesaid, and the judge or court before whom general issue which the nature of the case the cause shall be tried shall certify on the may admit, and upon issue joined may give record that the injury for which such action this act aod the special matter in evidence; was brought was wilfully aud maliciously and if the plaintiff or prosecutor shall hecome committed, the plaintiff shall be entitled to Donsuit, or forbear prosecution, or suffer dis- treble the costs of suit.
And be it enacted, that it shall and may be QUARTERLY REVIEW. lawful for the Lord-Lieutenant or other chief governor or governors of Ireland for the time “ JOURNAL OF A NATURALIST." being, by a new proclamation to be made by and with the advice of the privy council of
(From Cobbett's Magazine.) Ireland, to revoke any proclamation issued in Tue reviewing of new publications pursuance of this act, as to the whole or any is a legitimate branch of literature, the Dow priclamation shall be furthwith trans- object of it being to guard the public mitted by the clerk of the privy council to the against such productions as appear unLord-Lieutenant of the county, county of a worthy of attention, and to recommend city, or county of a town, who shall forth with to the public those that are of a diffepotify the same to each court-martial, if actually sitting, and if not, then at the next rent description; and, in doing this, sitting of such court, and such court shall there is justice done not only to the pubw thereupon cause the same to be read in open lic, but also to authors; and therefore court; and on such new proclamation being both parties lie under great obligations therein shall forth with stand and be revoked to the reviewer, excepting only in cases, so far as the said new proclamation sball where any venal or otherwise corrupt purport to revoke the same; and if no part of motive has biassed him for or against such county, county of a city, or county of a a particular work. It is not only proper, town shall then remain proclaimed, the an. but necessary, that there should be crithorities and powers of such court shall forthwith cease and determine.
tics to watch over and examine the liteProvided always and be it declared and rary performances of the day; to guard enacted, that nothiug in this act contained readers against ignorance and presumpshall be consirued to take away, abridge or diminish the acknowledged prerogative of his tion, against quackery, false doctrines, Majesty, in respect of appointing and conven. and falsification of facts; and it is the ing courts martial according to the provisions province of a critic to guard the fame of the act for punishing mutiny and desertion, of the learned, dead or alive, by detector the undoubted prerogative of his Majesty, for the public safety, to resort to the exercise ing and exposing that" pest of science,". of martial law against open enemies ortraitors, the plagiarist, or literary thief, who or any powers by law vested in the said Lord- | lives by a species of theft not much less Lieutevant of Ireland, or other chief goveroor discreditable than that of the cut-purse, or goveruors of Ireland, with or without the stealing here and there the results of advice of his Majesty's privy council, or in laborious thinking and persevering obany other person or persous whomsoever, to suppress insurrection and disturbances or servation, and who is of a fraternity treason and rebellion, and to do any act war- never small, and by no means decreasranted by law for that purpose, in the same ing. manner as if this act had never been made, or in any manner to call in question any acts
These being, to our minds, the obheretufore done for the like purposes.
jects of reviewing and the duties of And be it enacted, that this act shall con critics, we shall immediately begin a tinue and he in force until the first day of complaint against the first of our reAngust, one thousand eight hundred and views (the Quarterly), on account of its and may be lawful to repeal, amend, or alter conduct with respect to a work called
his act during this present session of Parlia- the “ Journal of a Naturalist,” which Provided always, that neither the revocation nestly recommended to the public, in
it reviewed, quoted, praised, and earor other chief governor or governors of Ireland, its number for April, 1829, page 406. Dor the expiration of this act, shall annul or The reviewer joins the “ Naturalist suspeud any sentence passed against any per- in these words, that “ Son or persons for offences of which such “ passed away since the publication of persons shall have been or shall be convicted Mr. Warre's amusing book” (His
many years have by any court-martial under this act.
tory of Selborne)," without its being “ followed up by any other bearing the sleast resemblance to it; and although “the meditations of separate naturalists " in fields, in wilds, in woods, may yield " a similarity of ideas, yet the different
aspects under which the same things | plain narrative of circumstances that can are viewed and characters considered, be relied upon.
This has grown so “afford infinite variety of description much upon us, Paternoster-row teems “and narratives ;” and then the re- 30 with it, that we felt no small indig. viewer, for himself, says, “ This is un-nation upon seeing this first and pretiy
questionably true ; and we can assure clear indication that natural history is “him” (the “ Naturalist "), " that aj beginning to share the fate of all his"close perusal of the two productions tory, to be made the ground-work for “ has satisfied us that they do not in romances to entertain the idle. “ the least interfere with each other.” A glance over the work tended to veHe then winds up thus : “ In short, it rify our suspicions, for here we found " is a book that ought to find its way that this “ Journal” is no journal at all. “ into every rural drawing-room in the Not one date from the first page to page
kingdom,” &c. And at the end of 232, where the first occurs, namely, the notice, p. 431, he says: “We again “ June 14th," und now even we are not “ most strongly recommend this little favoured with the year ; but in page
unpretending volume to the attention 256, we have, “ April 28th, 1829;" " of every lover of nature, and more and in page 283, “ This spring, 1827.".
particularly to our country readers." In page 363, “ June and July, 1895;" After which panegyric, who would not in
page 376, 1927," no month think that in this “ little unpretending named; and in page 425," Now I have volume” he was to find almost a rival run overy my diary,” &c. The arrangeof the admirable, amusing, and instruc- ment of the work prevents its being a tive, as well as authoritative, work, the " Journal,” for it is arranged in diviHistory of Selborne, by Mr. Waire? sions perfectly natural, such as, general We confess ourselves to have been observations on the face of the country, amongst the dupes of the Quarterly its produce, then quadrupeds, then birds, Review in this instance, and if we can and so on; and these subjects are prevent others from sharing our fare, by also subdivided in a manner proper pointing out to them the spuriousness enough, perhaps, to an essay, but inof this volume, and pointing their at- compatible with a “ Journal," where the tention to the plunderings therein com- observations of the day would be as vamitted upon White and others, we shall rious as the subjects of those observa. be satisfied that we are exercising the tions, and being noted as they occurred, proper function of reviewers.
would not fall in any regular order. We Our first disappointment on opening have not given all the dates that occur this book was, that it is anonymous. in this book, but they are so few that to In all such works, it is something to call it a Journal is to give the book a know that you are reading the produc- wrong name to begin with, a thing that tion of a responsible man; it is satis. a naturalist ought to avoid. factory to know that he is a man accre- The matter, however, is the imdited for proficiency in the scinece he is portant consideration, and if we had no treating of, but, at the least, we should ground of quarrel on that score, we know that he is living where he pre- should not be inclined to carp at a tends to live, doing what he pretends to slight discrepancy, such as the arrangedo, is to be pointed out or pointed at if ment of the book ; but on our first found to be deceiving, and that there- reading of it, we felt not mere displeafore he is the more likely to be cautious sure and impatience, but indignation, as to what he puts forth. Besides, fic- at having had thus imposed upon us a tion is so much the taste of the day, that ragged dislocated hash of Wuite prinit is difficult now to find a romance that cipally, but of others in train, sone. is not partly historical, or a history that times taken almost word for word, does not savour strongly of the roman- sometimes distorted and exaggerated, tic; so that one has, after all, to search and in many instances so adapted to back almost into black letter for any the arrangement of this book, that to it;
retrieve the pieces is difficult, and yet“ time having & young child, contrito forget that you have read them be- "buted very little to the general mainfore, or the foundation for them, is quite “ tenance of the family: his wages impossible. The further we went on, were ten shillings per week, dieting the more it verified our first suspicions," himself, and with little besides that and the more it answered to our fears— “ could be considered as profitable. a rank fiction founded upon truth! And “ We soon perceived that the clothing when we had read the “ little unpre.. “ of the family became more neat and tending volume" to the end, though“ improved ; certain gradations of bowe had taken it up with great preju- dily health appeared; the cottage dices in its favour, the impression upon was white-washed, and enclosed with us was, not to give credit to one asser- rough wall and gate; the rose and tion or narrative contained in it except-“ the corchorus began to blossom about ing the many which we recognise as the pig became two; and a few the observations of Mr. Waite, Mr. “ sheep, marked A. B., were running PENNANT, Dr. Ray, Dr. Derham, and “ about the 'lanes : then his wife had a others who have
before. It is, to “ little cow, which it was hoped his say the least of it, the most suspicious “ honour would let eat some of the book that we ever read; it abounds in " rough grass in the upper field; but assertions which alone would rouse sus- “ this was not entirely given: this cow picion, and we shall now quote i nar- " in the spring was joined by a better ; rative (undoubtedly original) sufficiently but finding such cattle difficult to astounding to put the most credulous“ maintain through the winter, they reader on his guard. Strictly speak. were disposed of, and the sheep auging, it has no reference to the author's " mented. After about six years' sersubject; it is not so much a point of “ vice, my honest, quiet, sober labourer natural history as of rural and poli- “ died, leaving a wife and two smalt tical economy, but, as the “Naturalist “ children surviving : a third had rehạs chosen to consider it in his own
We found him pospeculiar vocation, we have no objection; “ sessed of some money, though I We only see in that circumstance a pa- “ know not the amount ; tuo fine hogs; ramount necessity for scrupulous ex- " and a Hock of forty-nine good sheep, actness. Page 16, from which we take “
many far advanced in lumb; and all this passage is headed with these words : “ this stock was acquired solely with “A WORTHY PEASANT,” and we now “the regular wages of ten shillings beg the reader's attention to it :- “ week, in conjunction with the simple
"I may, perhaps, be pardoned in re- “airls of rigid sobriety and enonomy, .“ lating here the good conduct of a “ without a murmur, a complaint, or a "villager, deserving more approbation“ grievance !" than
my simple record will bestow; he vicious propensity to propagate and it affords an eminent example of the inhuman falsehoods, that the Enwhat may be accomplished by in- glish labouring people are now as
“ well dustry and economy, and a manifes- off as ever,” or, as they "need to be,” “Station that high wayes are not always and, that.“ high wages do them no
essential, or solely contributive to the good,” are vices peculiar to those who
welfare of the labourer. When I call themselves of the “higher orders ; “ first knew A. B., he was in a state of but these falsehoods have hitherto pro
poverty, possessing, it is true, a coto ceeded generally from the unthinking, tage of his own, with a very small the uninformed, the rapacious, or the
garden ; but his constitution being corrupt; in this " little unpretending “ delicate, and health precarious, so volume, we find the subject mooted " that he was not a profitable labourer, in the notes of the Naturalist. We do " the farmers were unwilling to em- not quarrel with him for having intro
ploy him. In this condition he came duced the subject, but when the “ Nainto
my service : his wife at that turalist” undertakes to examine and