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would do perfectly well. The King lature in America. The contrast is very cannot want them both, unless one striking ; but the contrast is striking too were disrespectful enough to entertain in another respect ; for, while every the supposition that his taste was like thing seems to be done to dignify these that of the sailor; who, having his legislative bodies, very little is done for pockets full of prize-money, hired one the executive officers of the state. You post-chaise for himself, and another for see a grand and fine House of Assembly, his hat. In short, the King does not and you see the chief magistrate, living want it ; he cannot want it; and, even if at a very common-place house in a he has talked about having it for a pa- street of a town, owned or rented by lace, there would need nothing but the himself. I never was at the city of advice of a wise Minister, who was Washington : there they have a house sensible enough to make himself re- for the President; but it is the house of spected by him; there would need no- the Congress, which is the grand affair. thing but this, to induce him to give it when the Congress sat at Philadelphia, up, and thereby merit and obtain the its place of meeting was the statethanks and the attachment of bis pep-house ; a magnificent and most commople. That people cannot help know- cious building, while the President Waing; they do know, and they do say, shington lived at a corner house in that there is a palace at Brighton, a Markei-street, not a great deal more palace at St. James's, a palace at roomy or better house than that in which Kensington, a palace at Kew, and they I now live in in Westminster; and a house remember one palace built there, and very far inferior to those of two or three pulled down there, within a very few hundred merchants of that city; he years ; another palace at Hampton having no country house either, as the Court, sufficient for the greatest King greater part of these merchants had. I that ever reigned in the world, which do not say that I wish to see the Sovethe King hardly ever sees, and which is reign of this kingdom living in the divided out into apartments for divers manner that Washington did ; but I can families of the aristocracy, who live truly say that I wish he may be always there both rent-freeand tax-free, which is as much reverenced as Washington was, the case also at Kensington in great and that his sway may always be as part. They know that there is another much respected. I do not say that the palace at Windsor ; and, while they trappings of royalty ought to be laid know all this, they know that their own wholly aside: I am not so very keen representatives are crammed into a hole, after the improvements of the age : I hardly sufficient to huld a club of“ odd am not in such haste to rub off the rust fellows," and infinitely inferior to such a of antiquity; but I am very much for club-room, in point of accommodations causing the people to believe (and they and convenience.
will not believe it, till they see it) that I have not yet taken an actual mea- they, out of whose labour so much is surement of the length of the bench, taken, are not entirely overlooked, when and of the area of the floor ; but I will respect is to be shown. As things now do that, and I will publish the result of stand, they appear to be wholly overmy examination ; and then I will leave looked; and besides this, it is impossithe people of the whole kingdom to say ble that due attention should be paid whether their representatives ought to to their interests, while the evil, which. be thus treated, while the clerks in the I have here mentioned, shall remain offices are lodged in places worthy of unremoved. the name of palaces. Reason,
I observed last week the little nice decency, common regard for the peo- progress which we have made in the ple, demand that some alteration in this way of revolution, by first dropping the respect take place, and that right custom, of two hundred years standing, speedily. I have observed upon the of appointing a grand committed
of commodiousness of the houses of legis- grievances, and a grand committee of
courts of justice, besides others of very my melancholy wailings at being obliged great importance. This was one step to sit still four hours and a half to hear It was produced by me; because I sug- speeches at Birminghain, though the gested that these committees should be speeches were good, and though I had reulities, and not mere matters of form. the hopes every minute of hearing myRather than make them realities, it was self talk in turn. What, then, would chosen to drop them. Next, the receiv-i be my sufferings if I had to sit twelve ing of petitions was said to interrupt hours out of the twenty-four, and hear the " public business ” of the House. others talk, and have my own tongue Just as if the receiving of petitions, and tied all the time! When Sir John Mitattending to them, were not the great ford was Speaker, I remember that they “ public business ” of the House ! Just said of him, that he had supposed the as if the passing of court-martial-bills, office of Speaker meant that he should and the voting of money, were the pub- have all the talk to himself. He had lic business of the House ; and attend the great talker of all talkers, Pitt, to ing to the grievances of the people not deal with, and Pitt found him so trouits public business. However, an order blesome that he very soon got him out was made to have a sort of petty ses- of his chair, and packed him off to Iresion in the middle of the day, for land, where he found talkers quite equal the purpose of receiving petitions ; and to himself. Mitford was an old crown it was proposed by Sir Robert Peel, lawyer, to the running of whose clacks Colonel Davies, and some others, that there is absolutely no end. He used to the chairman of the ways and means be everlastingly interfering with the should preside at this petty session, in- speech-makers, and to get into disquistead of the Speaker; so that, as there sitions upon points of law. We are not is no House without the Speaker in the troubled in that way now; and really chair, the petitions would never have the only sufferer in the present case is been presented to the House. If this the Speaker himself, as far as relates to had een adopted, I, for my part, should the mere matter of talking. have sent back all the petitions that I The petty session leaves off at three had; for I never would have presented o'clock; and if anybody is in the midst them to a nondescript assembly like of a speech upon a petition at that time, this. This was " too bad,” as old bawl. The must stop. Then at five on goes the ing Liverpool said in the case of Lon- work of petition-receiving again for an donderry's claim, and which was, I ve-hour or so; at least this is the case rily believe, the only just and sensible when there is a ballot for elections. thing he ever said in his life. This, That has been the case to-day. therefore, was not adopted ; and we take This is quite a new affair; and next the Speaker, and bother him, and ha- there is another very new thing: rass him, from twelve o'clock to three, ly, a committee is now appointed to conin order to prepare him for a fresh set sist of eleven members, who are to have to take him up, and work him again from all petitions referred to them (except five till midnight; and there he sits (ex- for private bills); they are, to classify cept when compelled to stand up to the petitions; they are from time to call us to order), “ like Patience on a time, to report upon their contents ; monument smiling at Griet.” I have and they are to order, whether the petilooked at him several times, and have tions shall be printed or not; or whether calmly weighed the matter in my mind, part of them shall be printed or not. whether I would endure for the rest of Thus this committee has the power to my life what he has to endure, or leap represent the contents of the petitions into the life to come at once by the as- in that light in which the petitions may sistance of a halter. Endure it I could appear to them. The reader will see not, I am sure, for any length of time. of what vast importance this is. He Labour! My God! what is any labour will see what a tremendous power is compared to that? My readers heard here delegated. He will observe that
» fail of
this committee has been selected by the for, we shall know how to anticipate Ministers, and he will read with atten- the work that is coming on in the even. tion their names as follows:
ing. . For instance, I have seven or
eight petitions to present to-morrow, Sir Robert Peel
against the bill for substituting courts1: Sir Edward Knatchbull
martial, instead of judges and juries Mr. George William Wood Sir Robert Inglis
One must talk upon these petitions, Sir Richard Vyvyan
and one may notice that which has been
said to-night upon the other side. In Mr. Littleton
short, if the evening papers do their Colonel Davies
duty, again I say, that Lord Althorp Mr. James Oswald
will find his Mr. Clay
what I should suppose was the intend, Mr. O'Connell
ed purpose, without intending to imMr. Hume.
"'bad motives” to any body. I desire the reader to look well at this Next to this affair of red-coat juris, committee; to consider well what they prudence, is the affair of PARTIAL are empowered to do, and then to remem- TAXATION; stamp-tax, auction-tax, ber that they were selected by the Mi- house and window-tax. I have a wbole nisters, and moved for by Lord Althorp. bundle of petitions to present on this Then, observe, that the Speaker is, in subject. Let the people read atten. this petitioning parliament, to take the tively my resolutions on the subject. chair as soon as there shall be twenty Many thousand copies of them have members present; and not forty, as in been printed and circulated in Lancaall other cases. It is a scandalous thing shire : thousands upon thousands in to be sure, that it should be supposed London: they interest every family and possible for the case to arise, when forty every soul in the middle rank of life should not be present out of 658. But the facts are wholly undeniable: they twenty is worse than forty; and it shows are undenied by the Minister, who says what sort of a session this was ex- that he has a “ bill in preparation ” to pected to be; and it shows what sort of make an alteration in the law on the à House was expected to be formed for subject; and what the people have to the receiving of the people's complaints. do is this: they load me with letters, a If twenty members be not present at a great part of which I am compelled to quarter past twelve, the Speaker is to refuse to receive, or be ruined. Let adjourn the House.
them, instead of writing letters to me, Now, leaving the reader to form his write short petitions, stating their cases : own judgment as to the real design of let these petitions be signed by hunall this, I repeat what I said last week; dreds, by scores, by twos, or by ones ; namely, that we must endeavour to let the statement be general, or let it be make the most of this petty session. particular ; and let them be sent to me, We
may if we will; and, if the evening at the House of Commons, the cover bepapers do their duty, very soon make ing open at both ends; the parcel weighthis the more important session of the ing less than six ounces, and the word two. There is time enough for three "petition" written on the outside of them. or four good speeches ; speeches to With my life I will answer for the zeal pretty empty benches perhaps, but that and fidelityof my colleague; but we have would be of very little consequence if always said that we could do nothing the evening papers do their duty; and without the people at our back. With the specimen which the True Sun has them at our back, we can do a great given us of the first" petty session"įde deal, and do it peaceably. Our desire bate, leads me to hope that this will be is to inculcate due obedience to the laws,
It will be an inducement for due reverence for his Majesty and his all the people in the country to take the just authority; but our resolution is to evening, instead of the morning papers; do every thing to procure justice for the
people, and to ease "them of their bur- | A BILL, INTITULED, AN ACT FOR THE dens. It is as easy to send a short pe.
MORE EFFECTUAL SUPPRESSION OF tition as it is to send a letter; and LOCAL DISTURBANCES AND DANI do beseech my readers to remember GEROUS ASSOCIATIONS IN IRELAND, that it would be unjust to compel me to Whereas, there is now prevalent in certain pay taxes for the receiving of letters on parts of Ireland, a daugerous conspiracy the business of the people.
agaiost the rights of property and the admi
nistration of the laws, which has been madiWith regard to the business before fested, as well by open and daring outrages the House, the bill for red-coat juris- against the persons and property of bis Maprudence engrosses every one's attention jesty's peaceable subjects, as by tumultuous at present, and will continue to do so for movements of large bodies of evil-disposed a week or two to come ; but, while that lence created such general alarm and intimi.
persons, who have by their pumbers and vioaffair is going on, the petitioning dation as materially to impede the due course Parliament is by no means to be over- of public justice, and to frustrate the ordinary looked ; and again I recommend to my
modes of criminal prosecution : readers to consider what I have said blies, inconsistent with the public peace and
And whereas divers meetings and assem. about the evening papers ; for observe, safety, and with the exercise of regular go. though Sir Robert Peel, Sir Robert In- verament, have for some time past beeu held glis, Sir Edward Knatchbull, Sir Rich. In Irelaod: And whereas, the laws now in Vyvyan and Co., may not order peti- have been found inadequate to the prompt
force in that part of the United Kingdom, tions to be printed, we may have them effectual suppression of the said mischiefs, printed in the evening papers on the and the interposition of Parliament is necesvery day on which they are presented. sary for the purpose of checking the further
of the same : Now, pray, mark this : and it shall
Be it therefore enacted, by the King's most hard, if in all England, Ireland, and Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice Scotland, we do not get some good and consent of the Lords spiritual and tempo. and sensible and able petitions; and ral, and Commons, in this present Parliament
assembled, and by the authority of the same, some good speeches made upon them
that it shall aod may be lawful for the Lordtoo : some good plain sense in good Lieutenant or other chief governor or gover. plaiu words.
nors of Ireland, at any time after the passing WM. COBBETT. of this act, and from time to time during the
continuance thereof, as occasion may require, by his or their order, to probibit or suppress The meeting of any association, assembly, or body of persons in Ireland, which he or they
shall deem to be dangerous to the public peace I insert below the red-coat juris- of safety, or inconsistent with the due admiprudence bill, just as it came from
the distration of the law, and by the same or any
other order also to prohibit every or any ad. Lords; and I beseech my readers to journed, renewed, or otherwise continued peruse every word of it with attention. meeting of the same, or of any part thereof,
I insert also some extracts from the under any name, pretext, shift or device whatMonthly Magazine of my sors, which soever; and that every meeting of any asso.
ciation, assembly, or body of persons, the I have never noticed before; not meeting whereof shall be so prohibited or because it was uninteresting to me, suppressed as aforesaid, and every postponed, but because I have not had time adjourned, renewed or otherwise continued to look at it until now. If written meeting thereof, under any dame, pretext,
shist or device whatsoever, shall be and be by anybody else, I should speak of deemed an unlawful assembly; and every it with admiration; and there is no person present at the same shall be deemed reason why I should not do it in their guilty of a misdemeanour, and case, as well as in the case of others. claimed in pursuance of this act, shall be
offence committed within any district proThe first article which I have extracted, cognizable by any court appointed as hereinis, I think, the very best piece of criti-after mentioned, and if not committed within cism I ever read in my life, accompa. any such district, shall be tried and punished nied with sentiments the most just, and according to the course of the common law. expressed in language as correct and justices of the peace shall and may pro
Aud be it enacted, that any two or more unaffected as language can be.
ceed, with such assistance as shall be neces.
every such is to say ;
sary, to any house, room, or place whatever, be in such a state of disturbadce and insu. where any such justices shall have good reason bordination as to require the application of the to believe, from information un vaih, that any provision of this act, and such county, association, assembly, or meeting of persons, county of a city, or county of a town, or any whereof the meeting shall have been so pro- portion thereof respectively, shall be deemed bibited, is held, and shall and may, in case and taken to be a proclaimed district withia they shall be refused admission, enter therein the meaning of this act. by force; and one of the said justices, or some And be it enacted, that every such procla. other person by his order, shall then and mation shall warn the iuhabitants of every there read or repeat aloud to the persons so such county, county of a city, county of a assembled, a command or notice to disperse, town, or part thereof, as shall be so proin the words or to the effect following; that claimed, to abstain from all seditious and
other unlawful assemblies, procession's, cun“ Our Sovereign Lord the King chargeth and federacies, meetings, and associations, and to
commandeth all persons being assembled, be avd remain within their respective habitaimmediately to disperse and peaceably to tions at all hours between sun-set and sundepart, upon the pains contained in the rise, from and after such day as shall be named act made in the third year of the reigo of therein for that purpose. King WILLIAM the Fourth, for the more
And be it enacted, that every county, county effectual suppression of local Disturbances of a city, county of a town, or part thereof and dangerous Associations in Ireland : " respectively, so proclaimed, shall be consider
ed to all intents and purposes as a proclaimed And in case any of the persons so met or district within this act, from the day on which assembled together shall not disperse and such proclamation shall be published within depart within the space of one quarter of an such proclaimed district, hy affixing a copy hour from the time of such notice or command thereof on some public place within the same being given, it shall be lawful for the same or district. any two of the same justices of the peace And be it enacted, that when any such prothen present to cause tlie person or persous so clamation shall bave been issued, all justices, refusiog or neglecting to disperse or depart, constables, peace officers, and others to whom to be apprehended and brought before them, the execution of the process of law may proor in case such persou or persons cannot then perly belong, and also all commissioned officers be apprehended, such person or persons may commauding his Majesty's forces in Ireland, be afterwards apprehended by a warrant for or any part thereof, and such other persons as that purpose to be granted by any two justices such Lord-Lieutenant or other chief goof the peace within whose jurisdiction such vernor or governors of Ireland shall think fit unlawful association, assembly, or meeting to authorise in that behalf, shall and each of shall have been held, and such offender or them is hereby required and enjoined to take offenders shall be thereus on proceeded against the most vigorous and effectual measures for in a summary way for such offence before any suppressing insurrectionary and other dis, two justices of the p-ace, who are hereby au- turbances and outrages in any part of Ireland thorised to convict such offender, either on the wbich may be specified in such proclamation view of one of the said convicting justices, or respectively, and to search for, arrest, and deon the confession of such offender, or on the tain for trial under the act, every person who oath of one or more credible witness or wit- shall be charged with any offence which by nesses, and thereupon to commit the person so the provisions of this act may be cognizable couvicted to any one of his Majesty's cominon hy or before any court hereinafter empowered jails or prisons in Ireland for the terın of three and authorised to try such offence. calendar months, and for a second or avy And be it enacted, that the production of subsequent offence for the term of one whole the Dublin Gazette, containing the publicayear.
tion of any proclamation or order under this And be it enacted, that where any person act, shall in all proceedings, civil and crishall be prosecuted by indictment for any such minal, be received and deemed conclusive misdemeanour as aforesaid, such persou shall evidence of the issuing and of the contents of plead to such indictment furth with, so that the proclamation or order so published. ihe trial thereof may not be delayed or post- And be it enacted, that po meeting of any poned to any subsequent term or session of assembly, association, or body of persons shall the court in which such trial is to take place. be held in any district proclaimed under this
And be it enacted, that it shall and may be act, for the purpose or under the pretence of lawful for the Lord-Lieutenant or other chief petitioning Parliament, or discussing or deligovernor or governors of Ireland, with the ad- berating on or respecting the subject of any vice of his Majesty's I'rivy Council in Ireland, alleged public grievance, or any matter in at any time after the passing of this act, and church or state, unless a written notice, specifrom time to time during the continuauce fying the purpose of the intender meeting of thereof, as occasioa may require, to issue his such association, assembly, or body of peror their proclamation declaring any county, sons, and stating the day, bour, and place at county of a city, or county of a town in Ire- which the same shall be proposed to be land, or any portion thereof respectively, to holdeu, shall have been given ten days at