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refusing to pay tithes. The law has with regard to Ireland, in order to combeen made more and more severe, more pel Catholics to pay tithes to Protestant and more prompt, more and more “ vi- parsons, and thereby make it consistent gorous, to use a favourite word of in them to punish the Protestants of Lord GREY; but still all has been found England for a similar refusal to pay insuffieient, and now additional powers tithes? This is the great question now are called for, and this reformed House at issue : it is now Thursday noon. of Commons is called upon, as its very The question may have been decided first act, to give those additional before this Register shall go to press; powers, which is precisely what Cas- and, therefore, the people will have an TLERBAGH and SIDMOUTH called for early opportunity of judging what they when they had already prepared their are to expect from this reformed House bills of 1817. The precise nature of of Commons. So completely is the the measures to be adopted does not ap- public mind absorbed in what is now pear to have been yet stated to the passing in the House of Commons; House of Commons. The Ministers and about the result of which every were several times asked to be explicit soul is anxious, that it would be throwupon this point, but always evaded it. ing away time to address my readers on They were told that they intended to any other subject. The money affairs take away the trial by jury, and to must soon come on, and then we shall suspend the act of Hubeas Corpus. see what is to be done for the relief of They were repeatediy told this; and not the people as well as for the relief of a man of them denied that it was so. Irish parsons, who seem at present to They did not declare in the affirmative, be such very interesting objects of comto be sure, but not a man of them de- passion. I cannot conclude this article, nied that such was their intention. however, without expressing a wish
Now, then, what is the real object of that every man in England could have this terrible measure ? Why, to compel heard the speeches of Mr. O'CONNELL, the Irish people to submit quietly to Mr. GRATTAN, and Mr. Shell, and also the payınent of tithes. If, when these of Mr. BARRON, and, indeed, of all the acts are passed, any man be known, or Irish-members. Several of the English be suspected of being hostile to the pay- members, particularly Mr.Harvey, have ment of tithes, he has no security for spoken in a good spirit and ably; but his person for a single moment. He has there wanted nothing but to hear the no jury to protect him against any ac- Irish members to be convinced that cusation, be it what it may, or come it they have no need to come to this from whom it may.
He may be sent side of the water for somebody to a jail and into a dungeon at any mo- to take care of their concerns. ment, without cause assigned, and there The Ministers went away wholly from he may be kept at the pleasure of those the subject of the speech; assumed who send him thither; and for what is that the Irish wanted a total separation all this? Again, I say, to compel the from England, and argued against such Irish people, tamely and quietly, to sub- separation ; did not attempt to show mit to the payment of tithes. And, why they ought to be punished for such now observe, it is not upon Ireland only wish even if they had entertained it; that this is intended to operate, it is but upon that assumption, and that asupon England also ; for, it is to tell the sumption only, justified that part of the people of England that if they do not speech which has caused all this delay submit to pay tithes, that they shall be in passing the address, and which is to dungeoned and treated in the same way cause further delay still; because it that it is now intended the people of would be eternal disgrace to this reformIreland shall be treated. This is the ed House of Commons if there were not great question now at issue : will the men enough found in it to make use of reformed House of Commons, or will it all possible means to give the people not, consent to these horrible measures time well to weigh the consequences of
is to say,
such a dreadful measure as is suggested severance, that reform which I and by this part of the specch from the others have long pointed out as the throne.
means of effecting the necessary changes In the House of Lords, the Earl of in our system of Government with the RODEN, who has the amiable humility greater chance of peace than we could to be the searcher of one of the ports in hope for without it-;:or, at least, we Ireland, I believe, who opposed the Re- have obtained a good deal towards & form Bill, and who protested against it, real reform. But it is upon the proexpressed his high approbation of that ceedings of the House of Commons this part of the speech which related to Ire- very week that will depend mainly land. In the House of Commons no whether the people shall look upon this member amongst those who are called reform as a mere delusion, or as a the conservatives appears as yet to have something capable and willing to do spoken upon the subject, nor has any them the services that they justly anticione appeared to testify his intention of pate. from it; and I will here give my doing so; but, that which I told my readers a record, as full as my limits hearers last autumn throughout all the will allow, of those proceedings. It will north of England and throughout a be recollected, that, as soon as the Re great part of Scotland, will now, my form Bill was passed, many men readers will see, be verified to the very throughout the country who were well letter; that
the two acquainted with the tricks of election parties will cordially. unite for all ering, and of hollow politicians of great the purposes neeessary for the uphold professions who gained seats in Parliaing of the present system. They must meat by pompous protestations which unite; it is impossible for them to pro- they took good care not to realize,
ceed without uniting. If they do not began to think of a mode whereby they unite, then Ministers will soon be left might test candidates for seats in Parin a minority, and then what is to liament, and as far as possible create a follow?
unanimous feeling throughout the coun
try to send to the House of Commons 5. February, 1833.
none but men who would pledge themIt is my duty here fully to record selves to propose or support certain the proceedings upon the opening of specific measures on which the mind of the reformed Parliament, not merely the country was already determined. considering it as a matter of curiosity, The proposition was catching amongst but as one of the greatest importance in the people, but not so amongst the canitself, and as it may affect this kingdom didates ; each thought his honour might in future. My readers, and all those be depended upon, and, though agree who have gone with me in sentiment ing with the people in sentiment, wishon political affairs for these last thirty ed to be left unshackled by pledges. It years, have been regularly warned by was laughable to observe the craft of me to look forward to a day of consi- some, the intemperance of others, and derable anxiety and even peril not to be the impudence of many, on having tenaverted by any but those timely mea- dered to them the test of political faith; sures which I have proposed and urged, but, notwithstanding an almost uniwithout ceasing, for a space now of versal dislike of the pledges, many cannearly thirty years. They have watched didates were compelled to take them in the course of events, and have, from order to secure their seats. time to time, seen verified the predic- In a very few days it will be obvious to tions that I have made; and they there- the whole nation the wisdom of having fore are not unprepared for the future, exacted the pledges that they did exact, who have without surprise beheld the and the absolute necessity of doing so past.
again upon every occasion where it has We have obtained, by the most come to a unanimous decision upon any strenuous efforts, and by great per- main topic. We shall now have put upon record the names of those who may be assured that I shall not fail to deserve the confidence of the country avail myself of any opportunity that and of those who do not ; and I beg
be afforded me to assist in restoring again and again to remind my readers that they should keep a constant eye peace to a country with which the in, upon the proceedings in this House. It terests of my dominions are so inti. is now upon its trial; it is now going mately connected. to show its character, its kind, and, if “ I have also to regret that my ear. it disappoint the nation which has sent
nest endeavours to effect a definitive it together, let the nation examine wherein the fault lies, and take timely arrangement between Holland and Beland efficient resolution to prevent the gium, have hitherto been unsuccessful. next from doing so likewise.
I found inyself at length compelled, in I shall now insert the King's speech, conjunction with the King of the as delivered from the throne by his
French, to take measures for the exeMajesty in person on this day; and a more important, and, to my mind, more
cution of the treaty of the 15. Nov., injudicious document never was pre
1831. The capture of the citadel of sented to any Parliament of England. Antwerp has in part accomplished that It is not much, to be sure that ever was object, but the Dutch Government still expected from Whig wisdomi, Whig refusing to evacuate the rest is the terjustice, or Whig clemency; but in this speech there is such a signal want of the ritories assigned to Belgium by that whole three, that I cannot but look treaty, the embargo which : I had upon it as a sign that those intestine directed to be imposed on the Dutch jarrings of the Cabinet that some have commerce has been continued. Negohinted at are real, that this is the tiations are again commenced, and
you patched-up mess brought out to satisfy disagreeing minds, and that it is a pre- may rely on their being conducted on lude to the breaking up of Lord Grey's my part as they have uniformly been, administration.
with the single view of ensuring to
Holland and Belgium a separate existTHE KING'S SPEECH.
ence, on principles of mutual security “ My Lords and Gentlemen,
and independence. “ The period being now arrived at “ The good faith and honour with which the business of Parliament is which the French Government has usually resumed, 1 bave called you to acted in these transactions, and the gether for the discharge of the important assurances which I continue to receive duties with which you are intrusted. from the chief powers of Europe of Never at any time did subjects of greater their friendly disposition, give me coninterest and magnitude call for your fidence in the success of my endeavours attention.
to preserve the general peace. I have “ I have still to lament the conti- given directions that the various papers nuance of the civil war in Portugal, which are necessary for your informawhich has for some months existed tion on the affairs of Holland and Bel. between the Princes of the House of gium should be laid before you. Braganza. From the commencement “ The approaching termination of of this contest I have abstained from all the charters of the Bank of England interference, except such as was re- and of the East India Company, will quired for the protection of British require a revision of these establishsubjects resident in Portugal; but you ments, and I rely on your wisdom for
making such provisions for the import- applicable to that part of my dominions, ant interests connected with them, as the adoption of a measure by' which, may appear from experience, and full upon the principle of a just commutaconsideration, to be best calculated to tion, the possessors of land may be ensecure public credit, to improve and abled to free themselves from the burtend our commerce, and to promotej den of an annual payment. the general prosperity and power of “ To the further reform that may be the British Empire.
necessary, you will probably find that, “ Your attention will also be directed although the established church of Ireto the state of the church, more parti- land is by law permanently united with cularly as regards its teinporalities and that of England, the peculiarities of the maintenance of the clergy. The their respective circumstances will recomplaints which have arisen from the quire a separate consideration. There collection of tithes appear to require a are other subjects hardly less important change of system, which without dimi- to the general peace and welfare of Irenishing the means of maintaining the land, affecting the administration of jusestablished clergy in respectability and tice, and the local taxation of that counusefulness, may prevent the collision of try, to which your attention will also be interests, and the consequent derange- required. ment and dissatisfaction which have too “ Gentlemen of the House of Commons, frequently prevailed between the mi- “ I have directed the estimates for nisters of the church and their parish- the service of the year to be laid before
It may also be necessary for you. They will be framed with the you to consider what remedies may be most anxious attention to all useful applied for the correction of acknow- economy. Notwithstanding the large ledged abuses, and whether the revenues reduction in the estimates of the last of the church may not admit of a more year, I am happy to inform you that all equitable and judicious distribution. the extraordinary services which the
“ In your deliberations on these im- exigencies of the times required, have portant subjects, it cannot be necessary been amply provided for. The state of for me to impress upon you the duty of the revenue, as compared with the public carefully attending to the security of the expenditure, has hitherto fully realized church established by law in these the expectations that were formed at realms, and to the true interests of reli- the close of the last session. gion.
My Lords and Gentlemen, “ In relation to Ireland, with a view “ In this part of the united kingdom, of removing the causes of complaint with few exceptions, the public peace which had been so generally felt, and has been preserved ; and it will be your which had been attended with such un- anxious but grateful duty to promote by fortunate consequences, an act was all practicable means, habits of industry passed during the last session of Parlia- and good order amongst the labouring ment for carrying into effect a general classes of the community. composition for tithes. To complete “ On my part, I shall be ready to cothat salutary work, I recommend to operate to the utmost of my power, in you, in conjunction with such other obviating all causes of complaint, and amendments of the law as may be found in promoting all well-considered mea
sures of improvement... But it is my required from me to excite their atten painful duty to observe that the dis- tion to the words that I will now quote... turbances in Ireland, to which I ad
“Passing therefore from these, he
“ should now apply himself to the latter verted at the close of the last session, .
part of the speech which had been have greatly increased..
4 delivered from the thrones. Of that: " A spirit of insubordination and part which related to the necessity of violence has risen to the most fearful employing strong measures towards
“ Ireland, he should not then trouble height, rendering life and property in
“ their lordships at any length. When secure, defying the authority of the law, the measures which the condition of and threatening the most fatal conse- “ that country rendered necessary. were ! quences, if not promptly and effectually introduced," he should have an opporrepressed.
tunity of laying before them more at: " I feel confident, that to your loyalty
" length the views upon these subjects
“ which were entertained by his Mas and patriotism, I shall not resort in vain " jesty's Government, and he would for assistance in these afflicting circum- " then state the grounds upon which stances, and that you will be ready to "they thought it would be their duty adopt such "measures of salutary pre- « those measures before Parliament. He
" not to shrink from the task of bringing caution, and to intrust to me such ad
“ need scarcely tell the House, that it ditional powers as may be found neces
was a duty which the King's Gover sary for controlling and punishing the " ment felt they owed to themselves disturbers of the public peace, and " and to the country to see that ther strengthening the legislative union be authority of law was upheld in that
country, that the safety of property tween 1 the two countries, which with
was maintained, and that every ato your supports and under the blessing of " tempt at disorder was put down, and Divine Providence, I am determined to " that, above all things, measures should maintain by all the means in any power, “ be taken to put an end to the delusion 1 as indissolubly connected with the
" which prevailed respecting the legis
“ lative Union, any successful attempt peace,1 security, and welfare of my do- f" to put an end to which could not but minions."
“ end in the ruin of both countries. . In
“ order, therefore, to give the fullesti In the House of Lords a debate en- “ effect to these sentiments, he should not sued, principally on foreign affairs; but " fail at an early day to lay before them in this matter, when compared with the " such measures as the necessity of the affairs that press upon us at home, the “ case might seem to require, in perfect interest is so trilling that I shall not “ confidence that whatever might be crowd the columns of this Register by“ required would be readily conceded.". inserting any part of that debate, which In the House of Commons, and bewas carried on by Lords ABERDEEN and fore the speech of the King was read GRBY, the Duke of WELLINGTON, and to the House, there were several notices Lord RODEN. There was, however, a of motions given by different members; tail-piece* to Lord-Grby's speech, in some upon subjects of great interest : which he pronounces words of awful namely, by Lord ALTHORP, notice that import to Ireland, and which, as it is on Tuesday next he should move for materially connected with the important leave to bring in a bill to amend the debate that was then going on in the state of the Irish church establishment; Commons, I shall here insert, just ob- and that, on the 14. he should bring in serving that, to those who remember one to erect corporations in several Lord GRBY's words when he let slip the towns; and on the same day he should special commissions of 1830, nothing is move for a committee to inquire into