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magistrate cannot, if he would, avoid the per- | arrest, if possible, by moderate but firm mea. formance of his duty--the consequence must sures, the necessity of a recourse to force ; he fearful for you, distressing to your fellow- and, if it be the will of heaven that the recurcitizens here, and to the friends of good go. rence of its primeval curse on mau for the vernment throughout the world. Its enemies shedding of a brother's blood should fall upon have beheld our prosperity with a vexatiou our land, that it he got called down by any they could not conceal-it was a standing re- offensive act on the part of the United States, futation of their slavish doctrines, and they Fellow-citizens!—The momentous case is will point to our discord with the triumph of before you. Ou your undivided support of malignant joy. It is yet in your power to dis- your goverument depends the decision of the appoint them. There yet time to show that great question it involves, whether your sacred the descendants of the Pinckneys, the Sump- Union will be preserved, and the blessing it ters, the Rutlidges ; and of the thousand other secures to us as one people shall be pers names which adorn the pages of your revolu- petuated. No one can doubt that the upationary bistory, will not abandon that Union, vimity wiih which that decision will be ex. to support which so inany of them fought, and pressed, will be such as to inspire new confi
. bled, and die:1. I adjure you as you honour dence in republican iostitutions, and that the their memory-as you love the cause of prudence, the wisdom, aod the courage which freedom, to which they dedicated their lives, it will bring to their defence, will transmit as you prize the peace of your country, the them unimpaired and iavigorated to our lives of its best citizens, and your own fair childreu. fame-to retrace your steps.
Swatch from May the Great Ruler of nations grant that the archives of your state the disorganizing the signal blessings with which lie has faedict of its convention; bid its members to voured ours, may not, by the madness of party re-assemble and promulgate the decided ex- or personal ambition, be disregarded or lost; pressions of your will to remain in the path and may his wise providence bring those who which alone can conduct you to safety, pros- have produced this crisis, to see the folly, be perity, and honour; tell them that, compared fore they feel the misery of civil strife; aud to disunion, all other evils are light, because inspire a returning veneration for the Union, that brings with it an accumulation of all; which, if we may dare to penetrate bis de declare that you will never take the field un- signs, he has chosen as the only means of less the star-spangled banner of your country attaining the high destinies to which we may shall float over you; that you will not be reasonably aspire. stigmatized when dead, and dishonoured and In testimony whereof, I have caused the scorned while you live, as the authors of the seal of the United Stétes to be hereuuto first attack on the constitution of your coun- affixed, having signed the same with my hande try! Its destroyers you cannot be. You may Done at the City of Washington this 10. disturb its peace; you may interrupt the day of December, in the year of our course of its prosperity; you may cloud its re- Lord, one thousand eight hundred and putation for stability, but its tranquility will thirty-two, and of the independence of be restored, its prosperity will return, and the the United States the fifty-seventh. stain upon its national character will be trans
ANDREW JACKSON. ferred, aud remain an eternal blot on the By the President. memory of those who caused the disorder. Edw. Livingston, Secretary of State.
Fellow-citizens of the United States! The threat of uphallowed disupion--the names of those, once respected, by whom it is uttered- COURT OF KING'S BENCH, Jan. 18. the array of military force to support it-de
(SITTINGS IN BANCO.) note the approach of a crisis in our affairs on which the continuance of our unexampled
(From the True Sun of the 19. Jan.) prosperity, or political existence, and perhaps CRIMINAL INFORMATION. EX-PARTE COBthat of all free governments may depend. The
BETT, Esq. conjuncture demanded a free, a full, and ex- Mr. COBBETT, jun. on behalf of his father, plicit enunciation, not only of my intentious William Cobhett, Esq., M.P. for Oldham, apo but of my principles of action; and as the plied to the Court for a rule nisi, for a crimiclaim was asserted of a right by a state to nal information against Edward Baynes, sem., annul the laws of the Union, and
even to se- and also Edward Baynes, jun., proprietors and cede from it at pleasure, a frank exposition of publishers,
of a newspaper called the Leeds my opinions in relation to the origin and Mercury. The libel appeared in that paper form of our government, and the construction of the 12. of January, and was headed "CobI give to the instrument by which it was bett's Qualifications.'
It was couched in the created, seemed to be proper. Having the shape of two questions. First, whether fullest confidence in the justness of the legal uncertificated bankrupt could take his seat in and constitutional opinion of my duties which Parliament; and the second related to the has been expressed, I rely with equal confi- lending Mr. Cobbett an estate, in order to termination to execute the laws--to preserve answer to the queries was required from legal the Union by all constitutional means to friends,
Lord Chief Justice-There was some allu-, or by crook, from being settled in any sion to a statement which bad appeared io the place, except one of its
prisons, for any Globe newspaper.
Since, Mr. Cobbett-Tbere was : but be was not
considerable length of time. instructed that any statemeut on the subject however, it, in a lucky hour, had the had appeared in the Globe.
wisdom to pass PEEL's Bill, it has Mr. Cobbett and his attorney made affidavits been rather less rummaging ; though it denying the truth of the charges in the libel, and Mr. Cohbett for himself stated that in certainly meant well towards me in the July, 1820, he had through misfortune been year 1831. I have, however, been sufmade bankrupt, but that he had surrendered, fered to remain long enough at Kenand in all respects complied with the legal sington to bring the seeds of a good obligations imposed on persons in that situation, and had obtained his certificate, and that many plants to what I deem perfection, the charges of being au uncertificated baok and others nearly to that state; and I rupt, and about his requiring an estate were have taken a little farm in Surrey, parily false. He did not know that he need read the for the purpose of raising garden seeds whole of the affidavit ; but Mr. Cobbeit, in conclusion, swore to his belief that the libel upon a greater scale than I was able to was published from malicious motives, and do it at KENSINGTON; this year I have also to his belief as to the proprietorship of raised a considerable quantity of seeils, the paper. Rule granted.
which I now offer for sale in the following manner, and on the following
terms. GARDEN SEEDS.
It does not suit me to keep a seedI, some time ago, notified my inten- shop, and to retail seeds by the small tion of selling garden seeds this winter ; quantity ; but to make up packages, and I am now prepared to do it. Those each sufficient for a garden for the year,
who bave read my writings on AGR1- and to sell that package for a fixed sum : Culture and GARDENING, and particu- of money. When I was driven to Long
larly my - ENGLISH GARDENER,” Island by Sidmouta's dungeon bill, will have perceived that I set forth, and when the Hampshire parsons and with much pains, the vast importance SIDMOUTH and CašTLERRAGchuckled of being extremely careful with regard at the thought of my being gone to to the seeds which one sows : and, as mope away my life in melancholy, in to which matter, there are two things the United States; and when the fato be attended to ; first, the genuineness mous traveller, Mr. Fearon, brought of the seeds; and next, as to their home word, that I was whiling away my soundness. The former is the more life in a dilapidated country house, the important point of the two; for it is a paths to which were over-run with great deal better to have no plants at thistles and brambles ; when Mr. Feaall
, than to have things come up, and, RON, that accurate observer, exclaimed, at the end of a month or two, to find in the language of his brother Solothat
have got a parcel of stuff, not MON,“ Lo! it was all grown over with at all resembling that which you thought thorns, and nettles covered the face you were about to have. Those who “ thereof, and the post and rail fence
my Gardening Book, chap. 4, “ thereof was broken down ;" when will want very little more to convince Mr. Fearon, in the fulness of his comthem of the importance of this matter. passion, was thus exclaiming, 1, though I have always taken great delight in he found me in a pair of Yankee having perfect plants of every descrip- trousers not worth a groat, was pretion; but, to get into the way of raising paring to
sell seeds in a house good and true garden seeds, requires at New York, for which I gave four
be settled upon some sufficient teen hundred dollars a year. In short, space of ground for several successive I imported a great quantity of seeds * years; and it has been my lot to live from London, which I sold principally
under a Government, which, if you take in the following manner: bas taken care to prevent you, by hook which 1 put a sufficiency of each sort of
seeds for a gentleman's garden for the they are all very pretty; and, even these year. The large seeds were in paper flower seeds alone, if purchased at a bags, and the smaller seeds in papers. seedsman's, would come, and ought to In the box along with the seeds, I put come, to pretty nearly one half of the a printed paper containing a list of the money which I charge for the whole. names of the several seeds, and against Of some of the sorts of seeds the pureach name the number, from numbers | chaser will think the quantity small; one to the end : then, there were cor- and, of these the cauliflower is one; responding numbers marked upon the but, it must be a thundering garden that bags and the parcels. So that, to know requires more than three hundred caulithe sort of seed, the purchaser had no- flower plants; and, if carefully sowed, thing to do but to look at the numbers agreeably to the directions in my Garon the parcels and then to look at the dening Book, the seed which I put up is list. Many of these boxes of seeds went more than sufficient for any gentleman's as far as Lower Canada to the north, garden ; and I will pledge myself for the and into the Floridas, to New Or- soundness of every individual seed. lo LEANS, and even to the West India is- the small bag, the quantity is in prolands, to the south ; and the net pro- portion to the price. Authors always ceeds were amongst the means of ena- want people to read their books; or, to bling me to prance about the country; purchase them at least. The reader will amongst the means of enabling me to not, therefore, be surprised, that I most lead a pleasant life ; of enabling me to earnestly exhort all those who buy my stretch my long arm across the Atlantic, seeds, to buy my book, too, and even and to keep up the thumping upon Cor-then they will not have half so much to ruption, which I did to some tune. pay as if they had to purchase the seeds
I intend to dispose of my seeds in the of a seedsman. same manner now, except that I shall I have only one fear upon this occause coarse linen bags instead of boxes. sion, and that is, that gentlemen's garThe several parcels of seeds will be put (deners, who are in the habit of dealing up either in paper bags or paper parcels; with seedsmen, and who are apt to aid and a printed list with the names and here too literally to that text of Scripnumbers will be prepared ; and, then, ture, which says that “he who soweih the parcels and the list will be put into abundantly shall reap abundantly;” but, the linen bag, and sewed' up, and will begging their pardon, this does 'not be ready to be sent away to any person mean covering the ground with the who may want it.
seeds, which, though it may produce A bag for a considerable garden ; a abundant reaping to the seedsman, is garden of the better part of an acre, far from having that tendency with reperhaps, will be sold for twenty-five gard to the crop. Thick sowing is, shillings; and for a smaller garden, indeed, injurious in three ways : first, for twelve shillings and sixpence. These it is a waste of seed and of money, of seeds, if bought at the shop of a seeds- which it is actually a flinging away of man, would come to more than three both : second, it makes work in the times the money ; and so they ought : thinning out of the plants : "third, the for the seedsman has his expensive plants will never be so fine if they shop to keep ; has his books to come up thick. Therefore, in my keep; has his credit to give, and has Gardening Book, chapter 4, beginning his seeds to purchase with his ready at paragraph 85, I take very great pains money. While, therefore, I have a to give instructions for thin sowing ; right to proceed in my manner, he does and, if every one who cultivates a garnothing wrong. By the lists, which I den could see the regularity, the cleanpublish below, the reader will perceive ness, and the beauty, of my seed beds, that, to the garden seeds I have added never should we again see a parcel of the seeds of several annual flowers. seeds flung promiscuously over the They are not of very rare kinds; but ground. It is probable, that three hun
dred cauliflower seeds will lie in a thim- February, or it may be a little later, fill ble ; and if you want three hundred with fine earth, to within about an inch plants, it is better to sow these three of the top, a flower-pot from twelve to hundred seeds in a proper manner, than fifteen inches over ; take the little pinch to Ming twenty thousand seeds over the of seed and scalier it very thinly over same space of ground. You inust cut the top of the earth ; then put some very the superfluous seeds up with a hoe, or fine earth over the seed a quarter of an pull them out with your hand; and, inch thick, or rather less. Set the pot in small as they are, and insignificant as a green-house, or in the window of any you may think their roots to be, they room where the sun comes, and give warob and starve one another, even before ter very carefully, and very gently, as they get into rough leaf. I know very occasion may require. When the warm well, that it requires a great deal more weather comes, the pot should be set out time to sow a bed of a hundred feet of doors in a warm place when there is long, and with cabbages, for instance ; no heavy rain, and should be taken in at a great deal more time to sow it in night if there be any fear of frost. Todrills, and to put the seed in thinly, wards the end of April, the pot may be than to fling the seed thickly over the set out of doors altogether; and, small ground and just rake it in; but, look as the plants will still be, they will be at the subsequent operations ; and you fit to be planted out in the natural will find that, in the end, this “ sowing ground by the middle, or towards the abundantly ” costs ten times the time latter end, of May. Then dig a piece and the labour which are required by of ground deep, and make it extremely the method of sowing pointed out in fine upon the top, and put out the little my book. Therefore, let no man ima- plants in rows two feet apart, and two gine, that to have a plentiful crop a feet apart in the row ; for, though not great quantity of seed is necessary. bigger than a thread, each plant will When, indeed, you have reason to fear multiply itself into a considerable tuft that the seed is not sound, and when you before the middle of July; and then cannot obtain that which you know to they will begin to bear, and they will be sound, it may be prudent to throw in keep on bearing as long as the hard frosts great parcels of it. in order to have the keep away. The very runners which best chance to get some plants; but, proceed from these plants, will take hap-hazard work like this ought root, blow, and have ripe fruit, during to be avoided, if possible; and, at the first autumn. When the bearing is any rate, I pledge myself, for the over, cut off all the runners, clear the soundness of all my seed ; I pledge ground close up to the tufts, and let the myself that, if properly sowed, every tufts remain to bear another year, when sseed that I sell shall grow. Thus far their produce is prodigious. But, then as to my seeds in general. I have you must grub them up; for they so now to speak of one sort of seed, multiply their offsets, and so fill the which, as that horrible old . Whig, ground with their roots, that they almost Sir Robert Walpole, said of his bribes, cease to bear if they remain longer. So “is sold . only at my shop.” This that you must have a new plantation from is the seed of the CISALPINE straw- seed every year; and the seed you may berry : this strawberry, unlike all others save yourself, by squeezing the pulp of that I ever heard of, produces its like dead-ripe strawberries in water, which from the seed; is raised with the great- sends the seed to the bottom of the waest facility, bears most abundantly, and ter ; you skim off the pulp, and drain keeps bearing until the hard frosts come. away the water, then put the seed out The seeds are so small that a little in the sun to dry, and then put it up pinch of them between the finger and and preserve it for sowing in the winter. the thumb is sufficient for a very large There is a red sort and a white sort, garden ; and the method of rearing the which you may keep separate or sow plants is this : about the first week of them and plant them promiscuously.
And, now, to do justice to Sir CHARLES 17. Cale-Curled—Scotch.
life. They were served up in a 23. Cucumber, early frame.
Brown Dutch. came mixed ; and, therefore, the parcels 30. ........ Green Cabbage. of this strawberry seed, which I shall j31. Mustard-White. put into my packages, will, the pur- 32. Nasturtium--Dwarf. chaser will bear in mind, be some of 33. Onion. the white strawberry and some of the 34. Parsnip. red. After this long story about garden 35. Parsley-Curled. seeds, which, however, is not so exe- 36. Pea-Early-frame. crably stupid as the impudent babble 37. Tall Marrowfats. of the Whigs about having " settled 38. Dwarf Marrowfats.
upon a Speaker for the next House 39. Radish-Early Scarlet. .“ of Commons,” I proceed to give a list 40.
White Turnip. of the names of my seeds, and of the 41. Spinage. numbers which are to be put upon the 42. Squash (from America, great va. parcels ; once more observing, that a riety). large package of seeds will be sold for 43. Strawberry-Cisalpine. twenty-five skillings, and a small one 44. Turnip-Early-Garder.. for twelve shillings and sixpence. A direction
49. Convoyulus--Dwarf. KITCHEN GARDEN SEEDS. 50. Indian Pink. No,
51. Larkspur-Dwarf Rocket. 1. Asparagus.
52. Lupins—Dwarf Yellow. 2. Bean-Broad, or Windsor.
53. Marvel of Peru. 3. Long-pod.
54. Poppy-Carnation. 4. Early Masagan.
French. 5. Kidney (or French) Scarlet 56. Stock-White Wall-fower. Runners.
57. Scarlet, ten-week. 6. White Runners.
58. Mignionette. 7. Black Dwarf.
59. Sweet-william. 8. .. Dun Dwarf.
60. Sweet Pea. 9. Robin-Egg:
61. Venus's Looking-glass. 10. ..Speckled.
62. Virginia Stock. 11. Beet-Red.
63. Wall-flower. 12. Brocoli-White.
FIELD SEEDS. 13. ......Purple. 14. Cabbage-Early Battersea.
Swedis. TURNIP SEED.-Any quan15. Early York.
tity under 10lbs. 9d. a pound; and any 16. Savoy.
quantity above 10lbs. and under 50lbs.