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fixed to the names of the tallow-men tain day; and it threatens you with and brewers who belong to the respect- heavy pecuniary punishment if you do able set. But, the price is too bigh : it not obey. When you have filled up the is a saying, that “gold cant be bought pages, and made a declaration of your too dear:" therefore, if we must lose possessions, the man to whom you dethem, or still have these taxes to pay, liver the paper puts down as much lose them we must. I am by no means more to your account as he pleases to insensible to the magnitude of the loss ! put down, and taxes you according to I am aware that it would deprive us of Iris account, and not according to yours; divers things which we do not at first and according to his account you must think of. Amongst other things, we pay, unless you go in person and petishould lose BROUGHAM and all his multi- tion and supplicate and prove into the farious appendages; and ainongst others, bargain, that you are right and that he his poor-law commission, consisting of a is wrong, the burden of proof lying brace of bishops, Sturges Bourne, fee- with you and not with him who makes losofer SENIOR, late reporther Coul- the charge against you. The deciston, and one Tait or Tail or some- sion is at last in the breast of the thing, together with HARRY GAWLER, taxers, and you have no appeal to a brother of Burdett's celebrated second. jury; and you must pay or have your We should lose these, and the precious goods seized or your body lodged fruits of their deliberations, together in jail, agreeably to the decision with the honour of paying thein thc of those taxers. 1, for instance, ara trifle of money which their modesty constantly charged with a shopman at would perniit them to demand. But, Bolt-court; and I have not had one for when, against these losses we put the two years. But, I must submit to the gain of a riddance of the execrable-tax- payment, or crawl upon muy belly to the payers, the surveyors, the inspectors, taxers : 1 prefer the former; thus I pay the commissioners, the surchargers, the for a shopman and have none. Then, exchequer-writs, and all the rest of it, with regard to the partiality of the tax, besides the payment of the money :
pay more house-tax for my house in when we put this gain against the losses Bolt-court, rented at forty-five pounds a above-mentioned, the gain has it ! year, than a great number of the coun
The whole of the system of taxation try gentry and even the nobility, pay is bad; but, this part of it, in addition for their country mansions.
Nay, I to its oppression, is degrading and in- think there is the country-house of an sulting to the last degree. It is very earl which does not pay nearly so much bad to make the inan in the middle rank house-lax as I pay for the said house in of life, and the working man, pay, under Bolt-court. And, yet, unless we will the Stamp Act, forty times as much tax continue to pay these taxes, Mr. Hobas the greatly rich man pays: this is house and his co-servants will GO very bad; but it is not so degrading; it AWAY. is not so insulting; it does not come This is, doubtless, “a fine taste and touch the person so immediately; of that which is to come!" We shall it is not so incontestable a proof of your see, whether the new Parliament be to being in a state of absolute subjection. be frightened thus; whether they will First, comes a man with a paper, which he of the opinion, that we of this day,
you a week to read and to clearly like the slaves of the Stuarts, have no understand. This paper commands you breath but through the nostrils” of to write down various chings concern- Hobhouse, Poulett Thomson and Co. ing your private affairs and possessions; to make certain disclosures as to those private affairs, and as to your means of
CITY MEETING. private enjoyment. It commands you Tue ELECTORS of the city met on to sign the said paper, and to carry it to Monday last, the Lord Mayor in the a certain place and deliver it by a cer- chair ; and they agreed unanimously to
the following three petitions : 1st. for a;“ peal to the people, choose itself to sit repeal of the Septennial Act; 2nd. for "for four years longer : and an act now the enactment of the ballot (which Major “ called the Septennial Bill, did conCARTWRIGHT pleaded so hard for, forty“ tinue the usurpation by enacting that years ago); 3rd. for a repeal of the as- “ Parliaments should be of seven years' sessed taxes. The petitions were all " duration for the future, and that this carried unanimously, the resolutions on “ usurpation has been continued until which they were founded, having been “ the present day. very ably proposed and seconded, first " That in the year 1793, a petition by Mr. Williams and Mr. NichoLSON; was presented to the House of Comand, indeed, all the inovers and se- mons by the Honourable Charles Grey conders having shown great ability, and" (now Earl Grey), praying, amongst a thorough knowledge of the subjects,“ other things, that the duration of of which the petitions treated. “ • Parliaments might be shortened; “ To the honourable the Commons " because such shortening tended to
“ of the United Kingdom of Great ". produce a happy union and good " Britain and Ireland in Parliament 66
agreement between the King and 66 assembled.
people,' that, nevertheless, the “ The humble petition of his Mal- " aforesaid usurpation was still conti
* jesty's dutiful and loving sub-“ nued ; and that as there can be now
jects the Liverymen, House- no pretence relative to a popish fac"holders, Electors of the City of “ tion; as there can be no ground what“ London, assembled in the “ soever for continuing this usurpation, “ Guildhall of the said City, this “ which tends to the contary of a happy “ 21. of January, 1833 the “ union and good agreement between
Right Honourable the Lord “ the King and people; as there can be “ Mayor in the chair,
no motive, now, for continuing this “ Most respectfully showeth-That “ usurpation, other than that of les“your humble petitioners, while they sening the influence of the people, and "express their gratitude to his Majesty “ finally giving them masters instead of “for having graciously given his assent " representatives; and as your humble to the act for making a reform in “ petitioners would feel deep sorrow.in
your Honourable House, perceive, believing that such motive could ex. “ nevertheless, the urgent necessity of “ ist in your honourable House, they beseeching your Honourable House to "
hope and pray that your honourable pass an act to repeal the act com- “ House will be pleased to proceed, “monly called the Septennial Bill. “ with as little delay as possible, to the
“ That it was declared, to an act " repeal and total abrogation of the
passed in the sixth year of the reign " said Septennial Bill, so that the pre“ of King William and Queen Mary, sent. Parliament may not sit for å “ that "Whereas by the ancient laws “ longer time than three years. *. and statutes ot this kingdom, fre- " And your petitioners will ever pray.”
quent Parliaments ought to be held, ". and whereas frequent and new Par-1" To the Honourable the Commons “! liaments tend very much to the ss of the United Kingdom of Great
happy union and good agreement of “ Britain and Ireland in Parliament " the King and people;' that on this
assembled. express ground an act was then passed ". The humble Petition of the Lito confine the durationsof Parliaments
verymen and Householders, “ to the term of three years, that in the “ Electors of the City of Lon“ first year of the reign of King George “ don, assembled in the Guild" the First, under pretence of the ex- “ hall in the said City, this 21. sistence of a rebellious popish faction, day of January, 1833 - the
a Parliament, which had been chosen “ Right Honourable the Lord for three years, did, without any ap
Mayor in the Chair,
"Most respectfully showeth-That" corporations, have possessed them your humble petitioners are of opi
selves of wealth and power. “ nion that every elector in the kingdom
“ That your humble petitioners mainly
“ attribute to the general exercise of “ should be enabled to exercise that “ undue influence, and to the effect of “ most important public trust, the elec- “ bribery and threats on the old con“tive franchise, fully, fairly, and freely, “stituency of the country, the manifold
according to the dictates of his own " miséries which have been inflicted on « unbiassed judgment.
“ the great mass of the people for so “ That your humble petitioners are of
many years past, and under which opinion, that in this country, where
they are at present so severely suffer “ the land is principally held in large“ ing.
masses by comparatively a few indi. “That with regard to the voting by “ viduals, and where, from our exten- " ballot at elections, your humble pe“ sive ,manufactures, commerce, and"titioners beseech your honourable “ trade, the great portion of the people " House to look at the recent scan
are dependent on each other for em- “ dalous proceedings at Liverpool, at
ployment and subsistence, it is to “ Norwich, and at other places, where, “ be expected that the landholders, and in the language of Scripture, the " the other possessors of wealth, who hands were full of bribes.' Your
are generally of the class of employ- “humble petitioners beseech your hoc ers, will endeavour to promote their “nourable House to look at the san
own private interests, principles, and " guinary scenes at Coventry, at Wal“prejudices, at the expense of the inde“ sall, at Warwick, at Stockport, at
pendence and consciences of such | Sheffield, at Stafford, and numerous “electors as may be placed under their " other places; they beseech your ho“ control or influence.
“ nourable House to think of the thou“That your humble petitioners con- " sands of well-meaning men, who had “ceive that the Legislature, when be“ placed before them the horrible altere
stowing any privilege or franchise “ native of violation to their consci
upon any portion of the community, ences, or ruin to their families; they " should at the same time secure to its inplore your honourable House to " the power of fully, fairly, and freely úr look and to think of these things;
exercising the same, and that to ne- “then to be pleased to consider, that
glect to do so is to defeat their pro- “ all these disgraceful scenes, all this ss fessed objects, and to stultify their bloodshed, all this violation of men's “ own proceedings.
“consciences, and all the ranklings-in “ That your humble petitioners de- “ the heart thus created; they anxiprecate the exercise of any influence"
ously implore your honourable House “ arising merely from the possession of " to be pleased to consider, that all " wealth or station in society, as unjust, " these would have been prevented by “ tyrannical, highly demoralizing and the use of the ballot; and when you " injurious to the common weal. " shall have been pleased so to con
“ That at the recent general election" siiler, they know that they shall only “ of members for your honourable “ need to pray your honourable House
House, your humble petitioners have to pass an act to cause that mode of “ witnessed, with feelings of indigna- taking the votes to be practised in “ tion, the most shameful acts of op. ** future.”
pression on honest but dependent " individuals, in various parts of the
kingdom, but most especially in the
agricultural counties, on those elec- “ To the Honourable the Commons of 16 tors known as 501 tenants at will ; " the United Kingdom of Great Bri“ and in places where those corrupt “ tain and Ireland, in Parliament “ and pernicious bodies, self-elected " assembled,
« The Petition of his Majesty's ; " Bill will be removed, and the way
“ dutiful subjects, the Liverymen made clear for attaining one of the " and Householders, Electors of “greatest objects in legislation; namely, " the City of London, assembled a qualification for voting in the elec" in the Guildhall of the said “ tions of members to be returned to City, the 21. day of January “ Parliament, founded upon a uniform 1833,
“principle, and just in its application. “ Showeth — That your petitioners “ And your petitioners further pray, " are grievously oppressed by the in- " that your honourable House will be
equality and burden of the assessed “ pleased to pass a bill, with as little taxes, and we pray your honourable delay as possible, for the total repeal “ House to take the same into your " of the assessed taxes, whereby the " immediate consideration.
country would be not only relieved " It appears to your petitioners, that, “ from the whole extensive and oppres
since the last modification of the as- “ sive machinery, but also from the in6 sessed taxes in 1823, the gross re- quisitorial and arbitrary power attendceipt of the eight years, 1824 to 1831,
the collection, which while averaged 5,182,500!. per annum. “ it violates the principles by which free
“ That the proportion of the house men ought to be governed, impove" and window duty, during the same “rishes their industry, and cannot be " period has averaged 2,494,3371. per “ endured without an utter annihilation.
“ of the character of a free people. “ That mure than five-eighths of the “ And your petitioners will ever pray." “house duty, and about one-third of Messrs. Aldermen Wood and Key " the window-duty, amounting together and Mr. Grote were present ; were " to about 1,100,5001., is levied within charged with the presenting of those " the limits of the metropolitan police. :etitions, and undertook to do it. Mr.
“ That, by the preceding statement, WAITHMAN, who was absent, on ac« it is shown that more than two-thirds count of “ indisposition," sent them a sm of the house duty and five-sixths of long letter of remonstrance against any “the window duty, are levied upon the petitioning at all upon these subjects
, productive and middle classes of so- which his “indisposition" did not " ciety, while the palaces and mansions prevent him from writing. The meet" of the rich and privileged classes are ing grew tired of the letter, and put a
exempted by the most flagrant par- stop to the reading; but, the Diorning " tiality.
Chronicle, having fortunately obtained That the charges of collection in a copy of the whole letter, has given " the eight years have amounted to publicity to the reinainder of it, as well “ 2,323,107l., being at the rate of as to the former part. The Alderman « 290,000l. per annum.
is extremely anxious “not to embarrass " That the oppressive and inquisito- " the Ministry, who have done so much “ rial nature of the assessed taxes will“ for the country ;" amongst which “ be manifest from the fact, that during much is, undoubtedly, the place given " the eight years in question, no less to one of the Alderman's sons! Doubl“ than 249,525l. has been charged, as less, to turn out the present Ministry "paid to hired informers, under the would be a mischievous embarrassment " head of per centage to surveyors, for to the Alderman ; but it may not be “ increase made by them;' and 66,5437. equally embarrassing to the country. “ for law charges, during the same Besides, why should it embarrass the “ period, without having produced the Ministers at all to adopt the mea"effeet it purposes to have been paid sures recommended in these three peti
tions ? What have they to do with the That, by the entire repeal of the matter? The petitions pray the House e assessed taxes, the greatest obstacle of Commons to adopt certain measures ; "to the free working of the Reform and, if the House of Commons do adopt
these measures, how can that embarrass | partiality : and any change, such as is the servants of the King? How are spoken of by Mr. Grote, would make the they to be embarrassed by trien nial Par- tax even more odiously partial than it is liaments, voting by ballot, and by the now; and it would be a droll way, in
repealing of the assessed taxes? They deed, of removing grievances, to make will not, indeed, have so much money the burden now partial against one passing through their hands; but, the class, because it had before been partial money is not theirs ; they will not be against another class. Mr. Alderman called upon to pay away money that Wood was right when he said, that the they do not receive ; and it is for the true way was to take off the whole of the people's representatives to say how present taxes, direct aswell as indirect, and much of the people's money they ought to lay on (IF IT WERE WANTED) a to suffer to go into the hands of these general tax upon property. Partial as servants of the King. Therefore, the the assessed taxes are, their partiality is Alderman seems to alarm himself in hardly worth naming, when compared to vain; and, at any rate, he may be well the partiality of the Stamp Act, which assured, that these boroughmongering makes people pay highly in exact propornotions about giving away the people's tion to the smallness of their ability to money in order to keep the servants of pay. It would seem, that the inventors of the King in the places that their master these taxes had before their eyes, the has put them in, are notions becoming method of keeping down a people, which very much out of fashion.
FORTESCUE describes as having existed I am sorry to perceive that Mr. Grote under the old tyranny of France. He said, that he thought it best that those says : “ And if it happen, that a man of the assessed taxes which pressed “ is observed to thrive in the world, more immediately upon the rich, should " and become rich, he is presently as be suffered to remain. Amongst these are “ sessed to the King's taxes, proporthe horse-tax, the dog-tax, and the car- tionably more than others, whereby he riage-tax. Mr. Grote does not know, “ is soon reduced to a level with the perhaps, that these affect great numbers rest." Just so is it with the Stamp of tradesmen in country-towns, and Act, which, the moment a man acevery farmer ; not one of which latter quires, or has the ability to acquire, can ride a horse to market, or keep a property of any sort, he is taxed by this dog to guard his yard, or have even a act, in proportion monstrously heavier cart fit to carry his wife to church; or, than the nobility, clergy, and men of at least, he cannot put a carpet or great wealth. If a man mortgage any cushion on the seat for her, and she thing for twenty-five pounds, he has to must ride on the bare board, unless he pay just forly times as much, in propay part of these assessed taxes. If portion, as a man who mortgages any Mr. Grote, therefore, confine the re- thing for twenty thousand pounds; and, peal in the manner that he describes, on the tax goes downwards, from twenthe petition will fail. Besides, a great ty thousand pounds to twenty-five part of the vexation of the assessed pounds, the first paying two shillings taxes, arises from the insolent manner per cent., and the last paying eighty of demanding them and collecting them. shillings per cent.! This is an evil, an For my part, I think more of the tax- oppression, far beyond that of the aspaper, and powers of the tax-collectors sessed taxes; but, still, the assessed and goods-seizers and surchargers ; I taxes are oppressive enough, and they think a great deal more of these, than I ought to be repealed. I hope, how do of the weight of the tax itself, heavy ever, that Mr. Grote will not lend his as that is ; and I do not see any reason hand to any partial repeal of them ; why the nobility and the gentry are to for that will be the sure way of debe vexed in this way, any more than feating the repeal altogether. A man farmers and tradesmen. In short, one may be chosen by a town; but, he of the great evils of the tax is its odious must have very little thought for the