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“ however, till we have beaten our bo-1 to do with the matter, should hesitate “ roughmongers: then sell your ships very long, should be very squeamish “ to us second-hand, or turn them into about adopting measures relative to the “ the carriers of floor or of blubber.” United States and its navy: should re
This has been invariably the language collect my numerous friends there ; which I have held upon this subject. should have some scruples about enMr. STANLEY's mind must be so occu-dangering the existence of a political pied, at present, in his capacity of tithe-compact, attended with so much sowar minister, so occupied with causing cial happiness. But, when a ques. “ the oblations of the faithful” to be tion arises, in which the happiness and collected by means of the bayonet, that permanent greatness of my own counit may seem unreasonable to draw his try are concerned, I must dismiss all attention to other matters ; otherwise, these from my mind; and if I do not, I would remind him, that, at the open- I am a traitor to the land that gave me ing of the election at Preston, in the birth, and to which I owe the manifest spring of 1826, I said, if I were minister risking of my life, if its happiness nd of England; it should not be many safety demand it. months before I would put a stop to the In conclusion, a few words on the increase of the American navy. At a debt of gratitude which I owe to the leeture at the Mechanics' Institute, in Americans for giving me shelter from the London, in the winter of 1830, I, in claws of SIDMOUTH and CASTLERÉAGA. speaking of the necessity of maintaining In the first place, I neither asked, nor a great and noble navy of England, au- received, any particular favour at their verted to the navy in America, and told hands. I landed there in virtue of the my hearers, that, first or last, we must law of nations, and of treaties existing have to fight that, and all the European with my own country. While I remained : combination that it woulddraw about it; there I owed a temporary allegiance to whereupon there was one man out of the state ; and I obeyed its laws accordtwelve hundred men, who hissed me; ingly. It had no right to demand from and that one man was a Mr. BUWRING, me any other species of allegiance or who, for what reason God only knows, obedience : it demandedno other, and no is called a Doctor. Doctor means a other did I yield, or profess to yield. learned man, which I suppose this From hundreds of individuals, indeed, Doctor is; in physic, fin divinity, in ec- 1 received kindness which created claims clesiastical law, he may be learned ; of gratitude on me. These claims I did but of foreign politics, the poor Doctor not overlook, and have not overlooked ; knows no more than the little black- and I have endeavoured to satisfy them, faced printer's boy who will wash the first, by introducing the field oulture of types, by the means of which this letter the Swedish turnip, a prodigious benefit to your Lordship will be printed. When to the whole country, and which I did we are talking about national interests, with a degree of zeal and diligence as we must totally divest ourselves of all great as if all the farms in the country private feelings and personal considera- had been my own ; second, I wrote, tions; and the only question for a stătes- for the climate of the United States man to put to himself is this : "What is alone, a book on gardening, which I most conducive to the happiness published here in England, and sent the
of the people of this kingdom, con- edition over to New YORK; and at a "jointly with the preservation or resto- price which prevented the possibility of "ration of the power of the country my gaining a farthing by the book, to
in the world?" Having ascertained, which book I prefixed a dedication to or arrived at a fixed opinion in answer one of the kindest of my neighbours, in to this question, all that he has to do is which dedication I expressed the gratetó adopt measures aecordingly to the ful motives which had led me to write utmost of his power. Were I allowed the book, and which dedication the to reason otherwise, I having anything scoundrel booksellers in America, who
repriņted the book, had the baseness to that must weigh not a feather when omit; the names of which booksellers I put in the balance against the interests have forgotten, or I would stick them and honour of my country. I hope into this letter, which will be sure to be that the Government of that country read from one end of their country to will be too wise and too just to contemthe other. Besides this, owing to the plate any attempt hostile to our unvery unjust copy-right law of the doubted right to maritime dominion ; United States, I can secure no copy- and I hope that the Government here Țight there, while Americans (on Pou- will become togi wise and too just to lett Thomson's principles of free continue to squander our resources in trade), though living at home, can Nova Scotia and CANADA, under the secure their copy-rights here! By- vain pretence of defending those beg. the-by, POULETT Thomson was got in for garly countries against the Americans, Manchester by one Dyer ; or, at least but in reality, to keep up great numbers Dyer proposed him at the bustings. of persons to feed upon English taxes : This Dyer is an American by birth, and I hope that the two Governments will not a denizen here ; or was not at the be thus wise' and thus just; but, if time of the election. He is a patentee contrary to those hopes, the American of a carding-machine, and he can secure Government should persevere in its the patent in America ; but, an English- present manifest hostile designs, I will, man could not do it; though an Ame- as far as I am concerned and can go, rican, discovering a thing in America, exert myself to the utmost of my can secure a patent for it here. This is power, not only to thwart those designs, the true “ reciprocity system. In con- but to destroy the existence of the sequence of this law, my books are all means on which the designs are founded. republished there ; and I have now in Such are my opinions and my views my left-hand, a copy of my " French with regard to the United States of Grammar," published in stereotype, at America, and especially with regard to New YORK, in the year that has just ex- the CAROLINIAN resistance, which will, pired. I do not complain of Mr. Doyle, in all probability, end as the Pennsyl. who has sent forth this edition ; for, if vanian resistance, to the excise-laws be had not done it somebody else would; ended; namely, the general Govern. probably it has been done, long ago, by ment will obtain a seeming obedience three or four booksellers in the United from the resisters; and will then re. States; this, that I mention, being a new peal the unjust and partial taxes which edition. If I had citizenized myself, have caused the resistance. But, this when I was in that country, I should event will sufficiently prove to all statesnow have had the power of securing all men but our own, that, if this kingdom my copyrights there; and, probably; ever experience danger froin that Ames here is a loss of five hundred a year for rican navy (which is manifestly intended the last seven years, and for many years to be the soul of the maritime combinayet to come. This I knew, your Lord- tion against us) the fault will not be in ship will please to observe, while I was the Americans, but in the Government there. This, therefore, is another great of this kingdom itself.
LP sacrifice of interest which I have made, rather than suffer one particle to be de- Your Lordship's most obedient ducted from my claim to retain, morally
and most humble servant, as well as legally, my whole unbroken
WM. COBBETT. character of Englishman.
Therefore, your Lordship will be perfectly satisfied, that I owe neither alle
STRANGE WORK! giance nor moral obligation to any portion of the United States of America. In the Morning Chronicle of the 18. I owe great regard to my numerous January, there appeared a publication friends there; but, as I observed before, which I am going to insert, and which
does, I think, show that we are living a motion in Parliament for the repeal in a state something very nearly ap- of the taxes in question, within seven proaching to that anarchy which has days after the Parliament shall meet. been so much talked of. For, what is Now, I defy any man to say whom a anarchy? It means, ruling without foreigner would designate as the master law; for, ruling there always will be, here; as the governing power; whether of some sort or another : the few will it were the parish delegates ; the repregovern the many, or the many will sentatives of the parishes in Parliament; govern the few, either upon a general the servants of the King ; or the Parscale throughout the country, or in de- liament itself: upon the powers of tached bodies of persons, sometimes which, however, in this case, I shall descending down to parishes or even to have to make a remark or two when I particular tithings or persons. Some- have inserted this article. times the anarchy will be of a capricious sort: the few will govern the “ MEETING OF THE DELEGATES OF many, and the many will govern the " THE METROPOLITAN PARISHES few, alternately; so that it becomes, in “ UPON THE SUBJECT OF THE AS.
" SESSED TAXES. this case, a matter of fair dispute, whether there be any thing worthy the “ On Wednesday night a numerous name of government or not. In other
meeting took place at the Quadrant cases, the executive part of the Govern- “ Hotel, St. James's, of the parochial menti usurps the legislative part ; and “committees from various parishes in the sometimes it will be contrariwise; and" metropolis, relative to the efforts now it is this confusion of powers and of “ making to obtain the repeal of the functions, and this uncertainty as to who “ assessed taxes. Mr. Hancock was in is the real governor and who is not; “ the chair. It appears that a memothis is what constitutes ANARCHY; “ rial on the subject had been intrusted and, if the following article relate that “ to Sir J. C. Hobhouse, with a view which is true, there need be no appre- is of his laying it officially before Lord hensions about our being plunged into “ Althorp, and ascertaining the intenanarchy, for in anarchy we already are. « tions of Government. Sir John was Here we behold a delegation from se- present at the meeting, and he said veral parishes; we find the delegates that it would be recollected, that when proceeding to one
of their repre
" he received the memorial from a desentatives in Parliament as they call“ putation, he did not think he should them ; we find them applying to him “ obtain a positive answer from Lord to go to the servants of the King “ Althorp. He, however, attended his to demand from them answer " Lordship, and impressed upon his with respect to a question relative to “mind the importance of the subject; taxes ; we find this representative, as " and the answer of the noble Lord was he is called, going to the servant of the " a mere formal assurance that he would servants of the King, on this errand; " attend to the requests of the memowe see him coming back, to account to “ rialists. He (Sir J. C. Hobhouse), in the delegates; we hear him tell the “
consequence, told the gentlemen of delegates that the servants of the King “ the deputation, that they must take said they would attend to the requests “ their own steps. (Hear). When the of the delegates; we hear the repre-question was brought before Parliasentatives, say, that the delegates have a ment (continued Sir John Cam Hobchoice; namely, to submit a time" house), it must be decided according longer to the taxes in question, or to “ to Cocker (a laugh), i. e. according to cause the servants of the King to quit “ numbers. The great strength of those ther places; and, lastly, we find the interested in this question lay in the delegates, after having heard this story," metropolitan boroughs; for in many come to a resolution to instruct their " of the northern districts, the matter, members of Parliament, to bring forward " important as it undoubtedly was, had
“not even been mooted by the voters narchy means the government by one “ to those who were candidates for man; and they, feeling themselves “ their suffrages. In Yorkshire, for pressed by taxes, apply to the servants “ instance, the candidates were not of that one man, to take the taxes off ; “ questioned at all upon this point, and and their representative in Parliament “ in many other places it was the same. seems to look upon the matter in the “ The farmers in the country were, to same light ; for, he goes to the servants “ be sure, indifferen: upon the subject of the King, and applies to them for the
to a certain extent, because the taxes purpose of taking off he said taxes ; and “ in question did not affect them so these servants of the King, send word “ materially as many other assessments. that they will think of the matter; just “ It had, he understood, been said, that as if the matter were absolutely in their “ Ministers must either procure the power ; and without any of the parties
repeal of the assessed taxes, or go out appearing to entertain the smallest idea “ of office: but this, he thought, was that the matter does not entirely depend
an alternative which the thinking upon the absolute will and pleasure of portion of the public would not wish the servants of the King ; and those
to impose upon them. A reformed servants actually not appearing to know “ Parliament had been obtained, and that there is a House of Commons, with“ there could be little doubt that with out the consent of which they can “ time all that the public desired would neither keep on nor take off these' or “ be accomplished. It would be for any other taxes. At last, however, the “them to elect which would be the servants of the King having refused to " most judicious course, to submit for a promise to take off the taxes, the dele“ time longer to the imposts complained gates, bristling 'up, recollected that
of, or to cause the present Admi- there is a House of Commons; and “nistration to relire. (Loud cries of threaten that they will make use of that, Hear, hear).
if they cannot obtain their end by other "“ Mr. Brown made a few rva- means: they absolutely threaten, that itions, and
they will go lawfully to work, and that, " Sir J.C. HOBHOUSE suggested that if they cannot get their ends by the
possibly the repeal of one of the taxes means of monarchical sway, they will “ would give satisfaction. (This ob- get it by the means of democratical sway. “servation was answered by loud cries If this be not anarchy, no man ever saw “ of No, no; both, both).
anarchy. *3“ A resolution in furtherance of the But, the most curious part of this
objects of the meeting was then put affair, is the threat of Hobhouse, that " and carried, together with votes of he and his brother servants will quit “ thanks to Sir J. C. Hobhouse and the their places, or, as other servants call “ chairman.
it, go away : they will go away if the " It is understood that a public meet- people will not let them have these
ing of the inhabitants of Westminster iaxes. Now, observe, in the first place, “ will be shortly convened, that all the that delegates, Hobhouse and servants “members of the metropolitan boroughs of the King, are all, at present, equally “ will be invited to attend, and that an ignorant with regard to what the people “ influential member will be requested really wish in this respect; and they “ to bring forward a motion for the re- cannot know what they wish, until
peal of the taxes, within seven days the House of Commons shall meet. " from the meeting of Parliament." There is no doubt about the matter,
There never was any thing like this indeed ; there can be no doubt, that heard of in this world hefore. It would the millions of this nation wish to seem, that these parish-deputies have no be eased of this burdensome batch of idea that we are not under a real mo- taxes; to petition against the longer exnarchical government; that is to say, the istence of which, ihe whole country is government of ONE MAN, for mo- meeting or preparing to meet. But it
is to the House of Commons that 'the legates, that they had to choose between application for the purpose is to be continuing to bear the tax complained made; it is to that House of Commons of, and causing the present servants of to which we are now to look for the re- the King to retire from their offices ! dress of every grievance; to ask for re. A gentleman, having a turkey to be dress of every grievance; to ask this from roasted, left it, as would naturally be the servants of the King, except in a very the case, to the “ administration" of few cases, where the evil arises from his cook, who, being of the monarchithe misapplication of the King's prero- cal taste, represented the necessity of gative itself; to do this, is to show that half-a-guinea's worth of truffles, wherewe understand not our own rights and with to stuff the said turkey; and, in our own duties, nor the powers which we spite of all representations relative to ourselves possess through the instru- the taste as well as the resources of the mentality of our own House ; but, to master, insisted upon the supplies, or make such an application in a case of else gave the dreadful alternative extaxes, to impose, to continue, to repeal, pressed in a very soft voice, accompato abolish, to dimninish, or to do any nied with a certain look from a pair of other thing with regard to these, be- sparkling black eyes, that she must go longs solely and exclusively to our own away! To which the master replied, House of Parliament; to make an ap- " I am very sorry to part with so pretty peal to any body else upon a subject of " a girl ; but, really, half-a-guinea is this sort, is to discover political igno- “ too much ; I cannot afford it, and, rance quite disgraceful to the commu- " therefore, we must part." For us to nity, or else to give a proof of a most lose the benefit of this Whig set of serbase, abandonment of our own rights, vants, to have the whole set turn out at
of the rights of those whoin we once, would indeed, be a prodigious evil. have chosen to represent us. What! They have done so much for the liberty good God! get a parliamentary re- of the press; they have been so mild 'in form ; threaten to resist the payment their sway; they have so relieved'ı of taxes unless we get it; hold jubilees from the terrible Six Acts; they have to celebrate the getting of it; in virtue been so sparing of our purses, especially of it, choosing men to go and represent as relating to persons of their own faus faithfully in a House of Commons; milies. They have made such improvetell them to go there and take care of ments in fortifying the belts of their our money, and to manage all matters police-men; they have shown such a of taxes, particularly, with a due regard disposition to rule by the municipal and to our interests and our safety; all this, not by the military power ; they have so and then, even before these representa- plainly signified their intentions to put tives that we have chosen, have had an end to the workings of corruption time to get together, go crawling to at elections, and to shorten the duration the servants of the King, and beg of of Parliaments, agreeably to Lord them to take off some of the taxes that Grey's petition of 1793; and, above all most oppress us ;. and, as if all this things, they have made such a Paradise were not enough to mark us out for the of Ireland, that, for his Majesty to lose ridicule of all mankind, convey these them, must naturally give the most acute our supplications to the King's servants, pain to all his dutiful and affectionate by one of the new representatives of subjects ! But, still, we are in the situthe people!
ation of the poor gentleman with his Monstrous, however, as all this is, it languishing, black-eyed cook : loath to falls short, I think, of the confusion of lose them, fain would still have the ideas; the truly anarchical notions inexpressible delight of hearing their which appear to have prevailed in the sweet voices ; of observing the gentle mind of Mr. Hobhouse upon this occa- and unassuming manner in which they sion, when he (a servant of the King bear themselves towards us, and of prohimself) told these strange sort of denouncing the right honourable" pre