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ising a further revenue out of the public unless they shall first procure from the States ids,
such an ainendment of the constitutivn as wlil In former messages I have expressed iny define its character and prescribe its bounds. aviction that the constitution does not war. If the States feel themselves competent to at the application of the funds of the general these objects, why should this Government vernment to objects of internal improve wish to assume the power? If they do not, int which are not national in their charac- then they will not hes ale to make the , and both as a means of doing justice to grant. Both iGoveroments are the Govern. interests and putting an end to a course of meuts of the people, and if the money can be çislation calculated io destroy the purity of collected and applied by those more simple
Government, have urged the necessity of and economical political machines, the State lucing the wbole subject to some fixed and Governments, it will unquestionably he safer rtain rule. As a periud, perhaps, never will aud better for the people than to add to the cur more propitious than the present to the splendour, the patronage, and the power of complishment of this object, i beg leave to the general Goverument. But if the people ss the subject again upon your attention. of the several States think otõerwise, they will Without some general and well-defined amend the constitution, and in their decision pciples, ascertaining those objects of inter-all ought cheerfully to acquiesce. I improvement to which the means of the For a detailed aod highly satisfactory view tion may be constitutionally applied, it is of the operations of the war department I vious that the exercise of the power can refer you to the accompanying report of the ver be satis.actory. Besides the danger to Secretery at War. tich it exposes Congress of making hasty The hostile incursions of the Sac and Fox propriations to works of the character of lodiaas, necessarily led to the interposition of ich they may be frequently ignorant, it the Government. A portion of the troops omotes a mischievous and corrupting intiu- under Generals S. ot and Atkinson, and of the ce upou elections, by holding out to the militia of the state of Illinvis, were called into ople the fallacious hope that the success of the field. After a barassing warfare, proertain candidate wiil make navigable their longed by the nature of the country and by ighbouring creek or river, bring commerce the difficulty of procuring subsistence, the their doors, and increase the value of their lodians were entirely defeated, and the dis»perty. It thus favours combinations to affected band dispersed or destroyed. The Lauder the treasure of the country upon a result has been creditable to the troops engaged altitude of local objects, as fatal to just in the service. Severe as is the lesson tu the islation as to the purity of public meo. Iudians, it was rendered necessary by their If a system compatible with the constitu- unprovoked aggressions; and it is to be hoped a caopot be devised which is free from that its impression will be permanent and :h tendencies, we should recollect that the salutary, trument provides within itself the mode of This campaign has evinced the efficient amendment, and that there is, therefore, organization of the army, and its capacity for excuse for the assumption of the doubtful | prompt and active service. Its several departvers by the general goveroment. If those inents have performed their functions with ich are clearly granted shall be found in- energy aud dispatch, and the general moveapetent to the ends of its creation, it can at ment was satisfactory.
time apply for their enlargement; and Our fellow-citizens upon the frontiers were re is no probability that such an applica- ready, as they always are, the tender of 1, if founded on the public interest, will their services in the hour of danger; but a r be refused. If the property of the pro- more efficient organization of our militia d grant be not sufficiently apparent to system is essential to that security which is imand the assent of three-fourths of the one of the principal objects of all governments. es, the best possible reason why the power Neither our situation por our institutions reald not be assumed on doubtful authority quire or permit the inaintenance of a large refforded; for if more than one-fourth of the gular force. History offers too many lessons of ses are uowilling to make the grant, its the fatal result of such a measure not to warn rcise will be productive of discoutents us against its adoption here. The expense which ch will far overbalance any advantages attends it, the obvious tendency to employ it 7 could be derived from it. All must admit because it exists, and thus to engage in undei there is nothing so worthy of the constant cessary wars, and its ultimate danger to public citude of this Government as the harmony liberty, will lead us, I trust, to place our prinupion of the people.
cipal dependance for protection upon the great being solemolý impressed with the convic-body of the citizens of the republic. If in assert
that the extension of the power to make ing rights or in repelling wrongs war should ernal improvements beyond the limit I come upon us, our regular force should be in
e suggested, if it be deemed constitutional, creased to an extent proportioned to the emerubversive of the best interests of our coun- gency, and our present small army is a nu
I earnestly recommend to Congress to re- cleus around which such force should be D from its exercise in doubtful cases, except formed and embodied. But for the purposes relation to improvements already begun, of defence under ordinary circumstances we
must rely upon the electors of the country ; of these lodians remains unchanged, as do those by whom, aud for whom, the Guveru- my views communicated in my message to ment was instituted and is supported, will the Senate of February, 1831. constitute its protection, in the hour of danger, I refer you to the annual report of the Se. as they do its check in the hour of safety. cretary of the Navy, which accompanies this
But it is obvious that the militia system is inessage, for a detail of the operation of that imperfect. Much time is lost, much uune- branch of the service during the present year
. cessary expense incurred, and much public Besides the general remarks ou some of the property wasted, under the present arrange- transactions of our navy, presented in the view Little useful kuowledge is gained by which has been taken of our fureigo relations
, the musters aud drills as now established, and I seize this occasion to invite to your notice the whole subject evidently requires a tho- the increased protection which it has afforded rough examination. Whether a plan of to our commerce and citizens on distant seas, classification remedying these defects, and without any augmentation of the force in com: providing for a system of instruction might mission. In the gradual improvement of its not be adopted is submitted to the con- pecuniary concerns, in the constant progress sideration of Cougress. The constitution in the collection of materials suitable for use has vested in the general Goverument an during future emergencies, and in the conindependent authority upon the subject of struction of vessels and the buildings necessary the militia, which renders its action essential to their preservation and repair, the present to the establishment or improvement of the state of this branch of the service exhibits system ; and I recommend the matter to your the fruits of that vigilance and care which are consideration, in the convictiou that the state so indispensable tä its efficiency. Various of this inportant arın of the public defence new suggestions contained in the annexed rerequires your attention.
port, as well as others beretofore submitted to I am happy to iuform you, that the wise and Congress, are worthy of your attention; humane policy of transferring from the east- none more so thau that urging the renewal for ern to the western side of the Mississippi the another term of six years of the general ap; remnants of our aboriginal tribes, with their propriation for the gradual improvement of own consent, and upon just terms, has been the nary. steadily pursued, and is approaching, I trust, its consummation. By reference to the report master-General, you will also perceive that
from the accompanying report of the Postof the Secretary at War,, and to the docu- his department continues to extend its useful
. ments submitted with it, you will see the pro- uess without impairing its resources or lessen gress which has been nade siuce your lasting the accommodation which it affords in the session in the arrangement of the various secure and rapid transportation of the mail, matters connected with our Indian relations. I beg leave to call the attention of Congress With one exception, every subject involving to the views heretofore expressed in relation any question of comficting jurisdiction, or of to the mode of choosing the President age peculiar difficulty, has been happily disposed Vice-President of the United States, and to of, and the conviction evidently gains ground thuse respecting the tevure of office generally anong the lidians, that their removal to the Still impressed with the justness of those country assigned by the United States for views, and with the belief that the modifica their permanent residence, furnishes the only tions suggested on those subjects, if adopter hope of their ultima e prosperity.
will contribute to the prosperity and tarmob With that portion of the Cherokees, how- of the country, I earnestly recommend they ever, liviug within the State of Georgia, it has to your consideration at this time. been found impracticable as yet, to niake a i bave heretofure pointed out defects satisfactory adjustment.-Such was my anx- the law for punishing official frauds, esp iety to remove all the grounds of complaint, cially within the district of Columbia. and to bring to a termination the difficulties has been found almust impossible in which they are involved, that I directed notorious culprits
to punishment, the very liberal propositions to be made to according tò a decision of the Court
, with submitted. They cat:not
but have seen lapse of two years after the fraud has bei in these offers the evidence of the strongest committed. It may happen again, as it ! disposition on the part of the Government to already happened, that during the whole deal justly and literally with them. An ample years all
the evidences of the fraud may be inde muity was offered for their possessions, a che possession of the culprit himself. Ho liberal provision for their future support and ever proper the limitation may be in relai improvement, and full security for their pri- to private ciizens, it would seem that it on vale aud political rights. Whatever difference 10€ to commence running in favour of puk of opinion may have prevailed respecting the officers until they got out of office, just claims of these people, there will probably
The judiciary system of the United Stal be pone respecting the liberality of the propo- remains imperfect. Of the nioe western a sitions, and very little respecting the expedi- southern States three only enjoy the benefit ency of their immediate acceptance. They a circuit court. were, however, rejected, and thus the position nessee are embraced in the general systei
Ohio, Kentucky, and 1
but Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Alahama, Mis- | ized in our example, but that it is done by a sissippi, and Louisiana, bave only district machinery in goverument s simple and ecoourts. If the existing system be a good one, wornical as scarcely to be felt. That the Alvhy should it not be exteuded? If it be a bad mighty Ruler of tue universe may so direct ine, why is it suffered to exist? The new our deliberations and overrule our acts as to itates were promised equal rights and equal make us instrumental in securing a result so. privileges when they came into the Uuion, and dear to mankind, is my most earuest and sinuch are guarantees of the coustitution. NoIcere prayer. hing cau be more obvious than the obligation Dec. 4.
ANDREW JACKSON. if the general Government to place all the States on the same footing in relation to the administratiou of justice, and I trust this duty will be neglected no longer.
On many of the subjects to which your atention is invited in this communication, it is 1 source of gratification to reflect that the steps o be now adopted are uninfuenced by the From the LONDON GAZETTE, mbarrassmenis entailed upon the couutry by he wars through which it has passed. In
FRIDAY, JAN. 4, 1833. 'egard to inost of our great interests, we may consider ourselves as just starting in our ca
INSOLVENTS. eer, and, after a salutary experience, about to ix on a permanent basis the policy best cal- TIDSWELL, T., and T. Thorp, Chester, ulated to promote the happiness of the peo- calico-printers. ile and facilitate tbeir progress towards the Bost complete enjoyment of civil liberty. On
BANKRUPTS. an occasion so interesting and important in ASHTON, W., Birmingham, grocer. our history, and of such anxious concern to the BRAY, C., Theobald’s-road, coach-maker. friepds of freedom throughout the world, it is DULCKEN, T. A., Edward-street, Portmanour imperious duty to lay aside all selfish and ocal considerations, and be guided by a lofty JACKSON, M., Sheffield, grocer.
square, merchant. pirit of devotion to the great principles on LANDELLS, J. and W. G., Gateshead, Duzwhich our iostitutions are founded. That this Government be so administered as M'FARREN, G., Londun-street, Middlesex,
ham, wholesale haberdashers. to preserve its efficacy in promoting and se
bookseller. Curing these general objects should be the only STADDERS, J., Burnley, Lancashire, draper. im of our ambition, and we canuot, there. STOVELL, G., and R. H. Maddox, Lower ore, too carefully examine its structure, in
Grosvenor-st., Hanover-sq., upholsterers. rder that we may not mistake its powers, or WILSON, J., Bolton, Laucashire, timberissume those which the people have reserved
dealer. u themselves or have preferred to assign to WOMACK, J., Leeds, livery-stable-keeper. ther agents. We should bear constantly in sind the fact that the considerations which
SCOTCH SEQUESTRATIONS. aduced the framers of the constitution to vithbold from the general Goverument the BUDGE, D., Dundee, innkeeper. ower to regulate the great mass of the busi- DOW, A., Edinburgh, siik-mercer. ess aðd conceros of, the people, ha been HUME, ., Carolside, Berwick, cattle-dealer. ally justified by experience; and that it canet now be doubted that the genius of all our istitutions prescribes simplicity and economy s the characteristics of the reform which is et to be effected in the preseut and future xecution of the functions bestowed upon us y the constitution.
Tuesday, Jan. 8, 1833. Limited to a general superintending power BANKRUPTCY SUPERSEDED. o maintain peace at home and abroad, and to rescribe laws on a few subjects of general in- HUXTABLE, J., Bristol, corn-factor. erest, not calculated to restrict human liberty ut to enforce human rights, this Government
BANKRUPTS. ill find its strength and its glory in the faithil discharge of these plain and simple du ies. CHAPPLE, W., and W. Snow, Oxford-street, Lelieved by its protecting shield from the fear tailors. f war and the apprehension of oppression, the CLARK, R., Norbury, Dorsetshire, miller. ree enterprise of our citizens, aided by the HANCOCK, C., Hillingdon, near Uxbridge, state sovereignties, will work out improve- brick-inaker. Deuts and ameliorations which cannot fail to HARDCASTLE, T., Bolton-le-Moors, Landemonstrate that the 'great truth that the cashire, chemist. people can govern themselves is not only real- HARRISON, W., Portsmouth, printer.
PORTER, J., Carnaby-street, Regent-street,
cheesemouger. TYDEMAN, W., Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, saddle-maker.
SCOTCH SEQUESTRATION. COUSTON, W., Leith, grocer.
Cork ...... 80s. to 82s.
Dublin ....76s. to 78s.
Gloucester, Double.. 46s. to 60s.
48s. to 50s.
48s, to 50s. Hams, Irish....
....555. to 66s.
This day's supply of beasts was tolerably wheat fresh up to this morning's market. Of good; the supply of sheep, calves, and pork. Suffolk the receipts were only moderate. The ers, but limited. The trade was, with each frosty weather improved rather the condition kind of meat, rather dull, at barely Friday's of the samples, although several were still
quotations. damp and inferior. The better descriptions Full three. fifths of the beasts consisted of were taken off haud rather more freely by the about equal numbers of short-horns, Devons, millers, and we observed also one or two pur- and Irish beasts, for the most part steers and chasers from Yorksbire. We do not note any oxen, with some cows and heifers, and Welsh positive advance in the quotations, yet pur- runts, principally from Lincolnshire, Leiceschases could not be effected vu so good terms tershire, Northamptonshire, and the westera as this day week. Sweet fine old wheat was districts; the remainder about equal numbers in request, and held at higher rates, and for a of Scots, Herefords, and Town's end cows, with fine parcel of Danzig 688. were refused. In a few Staffords, &c., from various quarters. bonded corn no business transacting.
About three-fifths of the sheep appeared to There was a good arrival of barley. The be new Leicesters, of the South Duwo and best malting qualities supported their former different white-faced crosses, in the proportion currency, but all stained and secoudary sorts, of about one of the former to three of the as well as distilling and grinding samples, latter ; the remainder about equal numbers of were difficult to quit at Is. decline.
South Dowos, Kents, and Kentish half-breds, Malt very duli sale, and lower than last with a few horned and polled Norfolks, horned week,
Somersets, horned aud polled Scotch and The supply of oats was limited. The article Welsh sheep, horned Dorsets, &c. experienced a good sale at fully Friday's
Beasts, 2,755 ; sheep, 17,600; calves, 100; prices, and was in some instances the turn pigs, 130. dearer.
Beans, both old and new, hung heavily on hand, and were, if anything, rather cheaper. Peas—white, maple, and grey-supported
MARK-LANE.-Friday, Jan. 11. their quotatious, although the demand was
The arrivals this week are fair. The marextremely limited.
ket dull at the prices of Monday. Wheat
54s. to 603. Rye....
33s. to 50s. Barley 235. to 24s.
THE FUNDS. fine..
32s. to 33s. Peas, White 32s. to 34s.
Thur. 3 per Cent. 2
Fri. Sat. Mon. Tues. Wed. Boilers 38s. to 42s. Cons. Ann.
863 867 863)
34s, to 35s. Beans, Small Tick
30s. to 31s. Oats, Potato.
225. to 23s. Feed
16s. to 18s. On the 1. of February will appear Flour, per sack
48s. to 50s.
the first Number of COBBETT'S MA. PROVISIONS.
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