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“ to pass over his claims, and give it to Dr. ," Mr. Stanley are absolutely pledged against “ Craigie, who has shown his gratitude for the ballot, and against church plunder. “ the preference, by going early yesterday “Now we are as litile in the dark with res

morning and giving a plumper for Mr. “ pect to the views of Lord Durham, Lord “ Blair ! We happen to kvow the fact, from “ John Russell, Lord Althorp, and Mr. Puu“ being in the booth in George.syquare at the “ lett Thomson. They are pledged to support “ moment when Dr. C. was manifesting the “ the ballot upon certain conditions, and they “ delicacy of his political feelings by the act are absolutely comunitted to the support of “ in question! After this, who will deny the "Say scheme of church plunder that may be impartiality of the present Ministers?" “produced. As to the Lords Goderich and

We could tell many a strange story of the “ Palmerston, Mr. Charles Grant, and the singular felicity of oblivion which has been "other omnibus Statesmen, nobody, we supdisplayed towards deserving individuals of the “ pose, ever dreamed of asking them what northern part of the island, but it would do no ihey mean t)do, as everybody knows that good.

"they will do that thing, whatever it is, that It is always an alarming symptom when a prornises to keep them in place. Here, man is praised by his enemies. We are far " then, is a complete and apparently irrecone from entertaining a suspicion for one moment “cileable division between all the effective that his Lordship ever bad any other than the members of the cabinet-between all who very best ends in view. But it is not enough " have any opinion of their own; a schism that a man's ends be good, he shouid go a “not upon any question of mere speculation straight road towards them. The praise just or trißing import, but a schisin upon two now bestowed on his Lordship will soon, we "qitestions of pressing practical interest, and know, be followed by bitter invectives, when “ of the very greatest mainituile. What is to it is found that his Lordship does not mean to " be done with these questions? they will be desert the cause of the people. That he cannot “brought forward early in the session, and and will not we are as certain as we are of our “how will the Ministers deal with them? •A existence. In fact, what on earth could be a “ divided Cabinet,' says the Times, no doubt, substitute to his Lordship for the hold which "sas on the Catholic question, will solve the ke has on the affections of the nation. Were “Jifficulty. The precedent is auspicious, we he saturated with wealth and splendour, these “ must allow, but, unluckily, Lord Brougham could not satisfy him. He could not live a cannot avail himself of it; he has said too year without public approbation. He must "much of divided Cabinets, of black keys live and move in the public regard and public “and wbite keys,' ever to sit in one without sympathy. We have no doubts – never had " infamy. Well, then, 'one of the parties any- [Something is omitted here.] We attri- must back out.' We suspect, however, that bute all that has happened to au infirinity of Lord Brougham is not likely to be the disposition which renders him dissatisfied" party." with less than the golden opinions of all sorts

This is all very curious ; very amusing ; of men-a sort of voracity of fame.

His Lordship will assuredly disappoint the but of no real interest to the people, it Tories ; and then their fire will be opened the House of Commons be composer! against him, of which soinething like a threat of any but very treacherous and despicais held out in the following passage, from an ble men. Nevertheless one cannot help article in the Standard of yesterday, in auswer to another article in the Times :

observing on the way that the thing is. “ Fortunately, however, it so happens that working. Both factions see clearly,

we need not appeal to any private informa- that, in spite of all their efforts in the “ tion for proof of the existence of a division elections, they must unite against that “ in the Cabinet, and of a division, too, which body of men which will be found in the 66 must either redd it asunder, or spare it at " the cost of utterly ruining the one section or

House devoted to the interests of the “ the other.--Lord Brougham and Mr. Stan-people; or that (and mark this) such or ley (we like to associate them, for they are, changes must take place as will produce “ we believe, the only two honourable men of “ the Cabinet, as they are unquestiouably the cheap Government, and cheap Govern“ only two able mea)-Lord 'Brougham and ment, this cheap Government is really “ Mr. Stanley have made no secret of their and truly a breaking up of both the fac“ views either on the question of the ballot or tions, and of so large a part of the aris

on the question of the cburch plunder. The “noble Lord has distinctly and very empha- tocracy that it must be quite terrific for “ tically called the first a contrivance to them to think of. Bu, for the factions. « make a man's whole life a lie ;' aod the to unite, is no easy matter. They will “ other,' a robbery of the tenth joini tenant not unite, they cannot unite, without get

by his nine co-tenants. Mr. Stanley, though ting rid of Lord Grey: the court, the “ views as eloquently and as explicitly. We high and indignant aristocracy, the “ know, therefore, that Lord Brougham and church, are all afraid of him. Besides,

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it is he that has been the doer of the centuries. If he take the contrary deed ; and he, on his part, cannot be at course; if he treat the complaints of the head of such union without covering the people with contumely or with himself with everlasting infamy. He neglect, he will soon find that his has done that for which he will never enemies will profit from the unpopube forgiven by the other faction, and by larity and hatred which will soon atall that description of beings who prey tach themselves to him; and that, as upon the people. He cannot be at the his renown might have been the greathead of such a union. Therefore the est of which man can form an idea, so factions are looking out for a man to be lis disgrace will be great in proportion. at the head of it who yet shall have popularity; and they think that they have such a man in BROUGHAM, and a good back for him in STANLEY. Whatever

SCOTLAND. else they may think of the comins House of Commons, they know well

In fulfilment of my promise to my that there will be men in it to propose a London readers, I have now placed in cheap Government, which is a phrase my shop, at Bult-Court, an ASSORTthat must become the distinctive appel- MENT OF APPLES which were grown lation of the part of the House here al- on the benutiful banks of the Clyde, luded to. Both factions will detest the which, the reader will please to observe, cheap-government men; and yet, with, is nearly about the centre of Scotland. out a union, they will not be able to These apples were all grown in the oppose them for a day; and hence the orchard of Mr. Hamilton of DalZELL; desire for a union; and hence the and, though they have been at Glasgow, plain overtures of the Tories to place at sea, and lying in London unpacked BROCGHAM, backed by STANLEY, at (all put together) ever since the first of the head of this union ; and, 1 November, I think they could now chalthink it very likely, and 1 most?s- lenge Covent-garden! I shall let these suredly wish it, that Lord Grey may apples remain in my shop for eight or see his danger soon enough; and may ten days, or more: and I have also resolve, at once, and adhere to the re- placed ihere a Dunlop-Cheese, Dunlop solution, to place himself at the head of being a village in AYRSHIRE, famous the cheap-government men, and lay his for the making of cheese ; and, I have foes prostrate at his feet. Thirty years (no scruple to say, that this cheese, ago I began to tell him, and I have which is about half-a-hundred weight, been telling it him ever since, that, with is, pound for pound, equal in quality to the people at his back, he would be any cheese from Cheshire, Gloucestereverything, and that, without them at shire, or Wiltshire. There is nothing his back, he would be nothing. The like seeing things with our own eyes. just and reasonable demands of the I cannot bring up Scotland itself, and people will soon be made known to exhibit it at Bolt-court, but I can him : let him listen patiently to those exhibit these indubitable proofs of the demands : let him only tell the people goodness and productiveness of the soil that they shall have a patient hearing ; of that country; and, of the virtue and let him convince them, that he is ready sense of its people I have, in my Tour, to do every thing that can be done for put upon record proofs enough. them consistent with the extent of his As I have, in different numbers of power, and with the preservation of the Register, inserted the greater part the ancient constitution of the country; of this Tour; I now insert the follet him convince the people of this, and lowing: the Title, Dedication, and they will be patient; and let him and Preface, to the Volume, which will ut the Parliament be just, and the people be published on Thursday next, the patient, and his name will become the 10. instant. And thus I shall, as far greatest that the world has heard of for as I am able, have done justice to a

PREFACE.

DEDICATION.

country and a people, who have been highest esteem, and our warmest affecmore, and more unjustly, misrepresented tion, the following pages are sent forth than any country and people upon the to the world, and are addressed in a face of the earth.

more particular manner to you, by

Your faithful friend,

And most obedient servant, Cobbett's Tour in Scotland; and in the

WM. COBBETT. four northern Counties of England: in the Autumn of the Year 1832. London, 28. Dec. 1832. By William Cobbett, M.P. for Oldham,

The publication of this Tour has

been put off longer than I could have TO THE PEOPLE OF THE BOROUGH

wished. I intended to put it to the OF OLDHAM IN LANCASHIRE.

press immediately on my return from MY FRIENDSI beg you to receive Scotland to London, which return took this little book, the first that I have place on the 23. November ; but, upon published since you did me the honour my arrival in London, I found, that the to choose me one of your representa- | Parliament would be dissolved in a tives in the House of Commons; I beg week or ten days from that time; that you to accept of it, as a mark of the I must be compelled to go back to sincerity of my gratitude towards you, Lancashire at that time, and I found as a mark of my admiration of your so much business upon my hands, sense and of your public virtue; and, during the short space between my remoreover, I beg you to accept of it, as turn to London and the day of the discontaining a record of the patriotic solution of Parliament, that it would be sentiments of the people of Scotland, impossible for me to find time even for and of the approbation which they, be the writing of this short preface, and for forehand, gave to that choice which attending to the sheets of the work as you have made. The old and sound they went through the press. maxim, with all oppressors, is, “ Di- With regard to THE vide and oppress; and, the oppres-tained in this little book, it consists, as sions which this kingdom (formerly the reader is already apprised, of a rethree kingdoms) has so long had to cord of my observations, made during endure, have, in a great measure, arisen the Tour described in the title-page; from the means which have been found and also a record of transactions, rather to act upon that crafty and malignant of a political nature, in which I myself maxim. These means have been af- was a principal actor. I have inserted forded by the prejudices ; by the innu- the divers parts, according to the date merable falsehoods (many of which have of the place and time, at which, and become proverbs), which have been when, they were first written. In giving sedulously propagated and perpetuated an account of the reception which I by those who found their own interest met with on my Tour, I have thought, in the oppressing of us. To be power that justice to myself as well as to my ful and free; to be able to beat down friends required, that I should preserve all oppressors beneath our feet, cordial the several addresses presented to me, union amongst us all is the only thing without learing out even the names wanted; but, to secure that happy union, which were signed to them. There we must first know one another well; and, can be no doubt that every one who that you may well know our brethren signed any one of these addresses will of Scotland ; that you may well know be pleased to see his name thus rewhat they and their country are; that corded, more especially as he thus put the latter is by no means that which we down his name before the event which have hitherto thought it to be; and has lately taken place at OLDHAM. that they themselves are worthy of our In some few instances I have made

MATTER CON

small alterations, of a verbal nature, and have been of some importance that here and there I have enlarged my ob- these erroneous notions should be corservations and statements of facts ; but, rected; but, in me, whose writings, I generally speaking, I have not found it might fairly presume, extended to necessary to make alterations or addi- every part of the civilized world, it tions in the part which was already became of very great importance; and written. I have made what I deem a it became my bounden duty to do that very interesting addition relative to justice, which I have endeavoured to the resources of the Highlands of Scot- do in the following pages ; and to land, and their comparative value with make, by a true statement of facts, desome parts of England ; and this ad- rived from ocular proof, that atonement dition seemed to me to be necessary, in for past errors, which I have in these order to give my readers something like pages endeavoured to make. correct notions with regard to that part From how many pairs of lips have I of the kingdom which has always been heard the exclamation : “Good God! so greatly undervalued, not only by“ who would have thought that Scotland Englishmen, but by all the rest of the “ was such a country! What monstrous world.

“ lies we have been told about that The motives to the making of this “ country and people !” And, which publication, are, to communicate to has pleased me exceedingly, not one everybody, as far as I am able, correct man have I met with to whom the disnotions relative to Scotland ; its soil ; covery does not seem to have given deits products ; its state, as to the well- light. If I had before wanted a molive being or ill-being of the people; but, to give further extension to my account above all things, it is my desire, to of Scotland, these exclamaticns would assist in doing justice to the character, have been motives sufficient : for, they political as well as moral, public as well would have proved, that bare justice des as private, national as well as social, of manded that, which, by this publication, our brethren in that very much mis- I am now endeavouring to do. represented part of the kingdom. This Were it possible, that either this is a duty particularly incumbent upon statement of motives, or that any part me; for, though I never have carried of the work itself, could be, by even the my notions of the sterility and worth- most perverse

of human beings, lessness of Scotland, and of the nig- ascribed to any desire on my part to gardly character of its inhabitants, to curry favour with the Scorch, or to the extent which many others have; any selfish desire whatsoever, were this though I have, in reprobating the con. only possible, I am afraid, that I should duet of the booing.pro-consular not have had the courage to make this feelosofers, always made them an ex- statement; but, as this is completely ceptior to the people of Scotland ; impossible, I make it as being the just though I have always done this, still, I due of the people of Scotland, for could not prevent myself from imbibing, whose well-being, whose honour, in some degree, the prejudices, which whose prosperity, whose lasting peace a long train of causes, beginning to and happiness, I have as great a regard operate nearly a thousand years ago, as I have for the well-being, prosperity, have implanted in minds of English- and happiness of those who inhabit the men ; though I had intimately known, spot where I myself was born.. for many years, such great numbers of

W». COBBETT. Scotchmen, for whom I had the greatest regards, still the prejudices, the false

London, 28. Dec. 1832. notions, lay lurking in my mind; and in spite of my desire always to do justice towards everybody, the injustice would slip out, even without my perceiving it. In any other man it would

me

more

POULETT THOMSON. tlemen, possessing more wealth, and ten

thousand times more commercial and The following letter from me to the moral character, than the whole of the Editor of the “ True Sun,” bas, I be- voters for Tuomson put together. It lieve, appeared in that paper. The in- is no: within the compass of probability significance of Mr. Poulert Thomson, that I myself shall ever again have any his feebleness and childishness, as a personal interest in the decision of an Minister, or as a servant of the King election at Manchester; and it was purely rather; bis silly stuff about emigration the point of honour that made me proan I population and free trade; all these ceed so far as I did in the late contest, would make him wholly unworthy of I am not sorry for having done it, hownotice in this conspicuous manner; but, ever ; for the part which I took served seeing that he is brought forward, in to drag out the PRIGS into the glare the manner which he has been, and of full day; and it brought produced to the public as a specimen of acquainted, intimately than the men who are objects of respect and I should otherwise have been, with confidence with the enlightened part of the real character of the several the people, the exposition contained in classes of persons in that town; and the following letter becomes necessary. I should not do my duty if I did not This is particularly due to the people of most explicitly declare, that, in every Manchester, nearly fourteen hundred class I saw, with the exception of the of the electors of which voted for me. partisans of Thomson, nothing that was It is due in a more particular manner not fair and honourable, and indicative to the supporters of Mr. Loyd and Mr. of real public spirit, as well as of good Hope, who, not less than my support- private character. The town feels the ers, hold the choice of this placeman in deep disgrace of having returned this horror.

placeman, the PRIGS who carried on the After my letter to the Editor of the intrigue will never again dare to show " True Sun," I shall insert another let their faces before the public; as I said ter addressed to Mr. Thomson himself, before, they have stung their town; but, by a most respectable elector of Man- like other reptiles, the very act of sting, chester, a rich man, what is called a ing destroys them for ever. Tory, perhaps; but, at any rate, a man who does not like to see his town dis- TO THE EDITOR OF THE TRUE SUN. graced hy the election of this placeman

Bolt-court, 1. January, 1833. of childish endowments, and of princi- Sir, ples so 'shuffling. With these exposi

Hoping and believing, that we are, tions before them, my readers will do after living for so many years under the justice to the town of Manchester, where mortification of seeing ourselves subject everybody has behaved well, the little to all the evils arising from a mercenary faction of prigs excepted. It is most and corrupt daily press, now destined to insolent, or it is most brutally ignorant, behold, in your paper, that freedom and in Dr. Black to tell his readers that the spirit and absence of corrupt influence whole of the intelligence of Manchester which ought to be the characteristics of was on the side of Thomson! Where, the press, I beg leave to trouble you then, were the nearly three thousand with some remarks on an article, in the electors (leaving my nearly 1,400 out Morning Chronicle of this day, relative of the question), where were the nearly to the election of Mr. Povlett Thom. 3,000 electors who voted for Mr. LoYD son, as one of the members for Manand Mr. HOPE ? Have they no intelli- CHESTER, and relative to what passed at gence ? Had they no respectability ? | a DINNER, given to that gentleman in Why, I do verily believe, that in point that town, since the election. I am of fortune; in point of real wealth; aware of the greatness of the trespass there might have been taken two hun- which I am proposing to commit on dred of voters from either of these gen- your valuable columns, by requesting

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