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Benjamin Marshall, one section of land, to include his improvements on the Chatahoochee river, to be bounded for one mile in a direct line along the said river, and to run back for quantity. There shall also be granted to Joseph Bruner a coloured man, one half section of land, for bis services as an interpreter.

ARTICLE VII. All the locations authorised by this treaty, with the Locations, how exception of that of Benjamin Marshall shall be made in conformity to be made. with the lines of the surveys; and the Creeks relinquish all claim for improvements.

ARTICLE VIII. An additional annuity of twelve thousand dollars Additional anshall be paid to the Creeks for the term of five years, and thereafter the nuity to Creeks. said annuity shall be reduced to ten thousand dollars, and shall be paid for the term of fifteen years. All the annuities due to the Creeks shall be paid in such manner as the tribe may

direct. ARTICLE IX. For the purpose of paying certain debts due by the Consideration Creeks, and to relieve them in their present distressed condition, the for improve. sum of one hundred thousand dollars, shall be paid to the Creek tribe, as soon as may be after the ratification hereof, to be applied to the payment of their just debts, and then to their own relief, and to be distributed as they may direct, and which shall be in full consideration of all improvements.

ARTICLE X. The sum of sixteen thousand dollars shall be allowed Expenses of as a compensation to the delegation sent to this place, and for the pay

delegation. ment of their expenses, and of the claims against them. ARTICLE XI. The following claims shall be paid by the United

U.S. to pay

certain claims. States.

For ferries, bridges and causeways, three thousand dollars, provided that the same shall become the property of the United States.

For the payment of certain judgments obtained against the chiefs eight thousand five hundred and seventy dollars.

For losses for which they suppose the United States responsible, seven thousand seven hundred and ten dollars.

For the payment of improvements under the treaty of 1826 one thousand dollars. The three following annuities shall be paid for life.

Annuities. To Tuske-hew-haw-Cusetaw two hundred dollars. To the Blind Uchu King one hundred dollars. To Neah Mico one hundred dollars.

There shall be paid the sum of fifteen dollars, for each person who has emigrated without expense to the United States, but the whole sum allowed under this provision shall not exceed fourteen hundred dollars.

There shall be divided among the persons, who suffered in consequence of being prevented from emigrating, three thousand dollars.

The land hereby ceded shall remain as a fund from which all the foregoing payments except those in the ninth and tenth articles shall be paid. ARTICLE XII. The United States are desirous that the Creeks should

Removal of remove to the country west of the Mississippi, and join their country- Creeks. men there; and for this purpose it is agreed, that as fast as the Creeks are prepared to emigrate, they shall be removed at the expense of the United States, and shall receive subsistence while upon the journey, and for one year after their arrival at their new homes-Provided however, Proviso. that this article shall not be construed so as to compel any Creek Indian to emigrate, but they shall be free to go or stay, as they please,

Presents to ARTICLE XIII. There shall also be given to each emigrating warrior emigrants. a rifle, moulds, wiper and ammunition and to each family one blanket.

Three thousand dollars, to be expended as the President may direct,

shall be allowed for the term of twenty years for teaching their children. Blacksmiths. As soon as half their people emigrate, one blacksmith shall be allowed

them, and another when two thirds emigrate, together with one ton of iron and two hundred weight of steel annually for each blacksmith.

These blacksmiths shall be supported for twenty years. Creek country ARTICLE XIV. The Creek country west of the Mississippi shall be west of the

solemnly guarantied to the Creek Indians, nor shall any State or TerriMississippi.

tory ever have a right to pass laws for the government of such Indians, but they shall be allowed to govern themselves, so far as may be compatible with the general jurisdiction which Congress may think proper to exercise over them. And the United States will also defend them from the unjust hostilities of other Indians, and will also as soon as the boundaries of the Creek country West of the Mississippi are ascer

tained, cause a patent or grant to be executed to the Creek tribe; 1830, ch. 148. agreeably to the 3d section of the act of Congress of May 20, [28,]1830,

entitled “ An act to provide for an exchange of lands with the Indians residing in any of the States, or Territories, and for their removal West

, of the Mississippi." Treaty obliga

ARTICLE XV. This treaty shall be obligatory on the contracting partory when rati. ties, as soon as the same shall be ratified by the United States. fied.

In testimony whereof the said Lewis Cass, and the undersigned

Chiefs of the said tribe have hereunto set their hands at the City of Washington, this 24th day of March, A. D. 1832.



Tomack Micco,

William McGilvery,

Benjamin Marshall.
Tuchebatche Micco,
In the presence of Samuel Bell, William R. King, John Tipton, William Wilkins,
C. C. Clay, J. Speight, Samuel W. Mardis, J. C. Isacks, John Crowell, I. A. Inter-
preters, Benjamin Marshall, Thomas Carr, John H. Brodnax.

To the Indian names are subjoined marks.


May 9, 1832. Proclamation, April 12, 1834.

The Seminole Indians, regarding with just respect, the solicitude manifested by the President of the United States for the improvement of their condition, by recommending a removal to a country more suitable to their habits and wants than the one they at present occupy in the Territory of Florida, are willing that their confidential chiefs, Jumper, Fuck-a-lus-ti-had-jo, Charley Emartla, Coi-had-jo, HolatiEmartla, Ya-ha-hadjo, Sam Jones, accompanied by their agent Major Phagan, and their faithful interpreter Abraham, should be sent at the expense of the United States as early as convenient to examine the country assigned to the Creeks west of the Mississippi river, and should they be satisfied with the character of that country, and of the favor. able disposition of the Creeks to reunite with the Seminoles as one people; the articles of the compact and agreement, herein stipulated at Payne's landing on the Ocklewaha river, this ninth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, between James Gadsden, for and in behalf of the Government of the United States, and the undersigned chiefs and head-men for and in behalf of the Seminole Indians, shall be binding on the respective parties.

ARTICLE I. The Seminole Indians relinquish to the United States, Cession to the all claim to the lands they at present occupy in the Territory of Flo- U.S. of lands rida, and agree to emigrate to the country assigned to the Creeks, west

in Florida, &c. of the Mississippi river; it being understood that an additional extent of territory, proportioned to their numbers, will be added to the Creek country, and that the Seminoles will be received as a constituent part of the Creek nation, and be re-admitted to all the priviledges as members of the same.

ARTICLE II. For and in consideration of the relinquishment of claim $15,400 to be in the first article of this agreement, and in full compensation for all the paid by U. S. improvements, which may have been made on the lands thereby ceded; the United States stipulate to pay to the Seminole Indians, fifteen thousand, four hundred (15,400) dollars, to be divided among the chiefs and warriors of the several towns, in a ratio proportioned to their population, the respective proportions of each to be paid on their arrival in the country they consent to remove to; it being understood that their faithful interpreters Abraham and Cudjo shall receive two hundred dollars each of the above sum, in full remuneration for the improvements to be abandoned on the lands now cultivated by them.

ARTICLE III. The United States agree to distribute as they arrive at Blankets, &c. their new homes in the Creek Territory, west of the Mississippi river, to be supplied. a blanket and a homespun frock, to each of the warriors, women and children of the Seminole tribe of Indians.

ARTICLE IV. The United States agree to extend the annuity for the Blacksmith support of a blacksmith, provided for in the sixth article of the treaty at Camp Moultrie for ten (10) years beyond the period therein stipulated, and in addition to the other annuities secured under that treaty; the United States agree to pay the sum of three thousand (3,000) dollars a

Annuity. year for fifteen (15) years, commencing after the removal of the whole tribe; these sums to be added to the Creek annuities, and the whole amount to be so divided, that the chiefs and warriors of the Seminole Indians may receive their equitable proportion of the same as members of the Creek confederation

Article V. The United States will take the cattle belonging to the Cattle to be Seminoles at the valuation of some discreet person to be appointed by valued. the President, and the same shall be paid for in money to the respective owners, after their arrival at their new homes; or other cattle such as may be desired will be furnished them, notice being given through their agent of their wishes upon this subject, before their removal, that time may be afforded to supply the demand.

ARTICLE VI. The Seminoles being anxious to be relieved from re- Demands for peated vexatious demands for slaves and other property, alleged to have slaves to be

settled. been stolen and destroyed by them, so that they may remove unembarrassed to their new homes; the United States stipulate to have the same property investigated, and to liquidate such as may be satisfactorily established, provided the amount does not exceed seven thousand (7,000) dollars. ARTICLE VII. The Seminole Indians will remove within three (3)

Indians to re

move within years after the ratification of this agreement, and the expenses of their three years. VOL. VII. 47

removal shall be defrayed by the United States, and such subsistence shall also be furnished them for a term not exceeding twelve (12) months, after their arrival at their new residence; as in the opinion of the President, their numbers and circumstances may require, the emigration to commence as early as practicable in the year eighteen hundred and thirty-three (1833,) and with those Indians at present occupying the Big swamp, and other parts of the country beyond the limits as defined in the second article of the treaty concluded at Camp Moultrie creek, so that the whole of that proportion of the Seminoles may be removed within the year aforesaid, and the remainder of the tribe, in about equal proportions, during the subsequent years of eighteen hundred and thirtyfour and five, (1834 and 1835.)

In testimony whereof, the commissioner James Gadsden and the un

dersigned chiefs and head-men of the Seminole Indians, have here unto subscribed their names and affixed their seals—Done at Camp at Payne's landing on the Ocklewaha river in the Territory of Florida on this ninth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, and of the Independence of the United States of America the fifty-sixth.


Holati Emartla,

Tokose-Emartla, or Jno. Hicks,

Fuck-ta-lus-ta Hadjo,

Charley Emartla,

Coa Hadjo,

Ar-pi-uck-i, or Sam Jones, Ya-ha-emartla Chup-ko,
Ya-ha Hadjo,

WITNESSES :-Douglas Vass, Secretary to Commission. John Phagan, Agent.
Stephen Richards, Inpt. Abraham, Interpreter. Cudjo, Interpreter. Erastus Rogers,
B. Joscan.

To the Indian names are subjoined marks.


Sept. 15, 1832. Made and concluded, at Fort Armstrong, Rock Island, Nlinois,

between the United States of America, by their Commissioners, Proclamation, Feb. 13, 1833.

Major General Winfield Scott of the United States' Army, and his Excellency John Reynolds, Governor of the State of Nlinois, and the Winnebago nation of Indians, represented in general Council by the undersigned Chiefs, Headmen, and Warriors.

Cession to the

ARTICLE I. The Winnebago nation hereby cede to the United States, United States. forever, all the lands, to which said nation have title or claim, lying to

the south and east of the Wisconsin river, and the Fox river of Green Bay; bounded as follows, viz: beginning at the mouth of the Pee-keetol a-ka river ; thence up Rock river to its source; thence, with a line dividing the Winnebago nation from other Indians east of the Winnebago lake, to the Grande Châte; thence, up Fox river to the Winnebago lake, and with the northwestern shore of said lake, to the inlet of Fox river; thence, up said river to lake Puckaway, and with the eastern shore of the same to its most southeasterly bend; thence with the line of a purchase made of the Winnebago nation, by the treaty at Prairie

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du Chêne, the first day of August, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine, to the place of beginning.

ARTICLE II. In part consideration of the above cession, it is hereby Cession by the stipulated and agreed, that the United States grant to the Winnebago United States. nation, to be held as other Indian lands are held, that part of the tract of country on the west side of the Mississippi, known, at present, as the Neutral ground, embraced within the following limits, viz : beginning on the west bank of the Mississippi river, twenty miles above the mouth of the upper Ioway river, where the line of the lands purchased of the Sioux Indians, as described in the third article of the treaty of Prairie du Chien, of the fifteenth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and Ante, p. 328. thirty, begins; thence, with said line, as surveyed and marked, to the eastern branch of the Red Cedar creek, thence, down said creek, forty miles, in a straight line, but following its windings, to the line of a purchase, made of the Sac and Fox tribes of Indians, as designated in the second article of the before recited treaty; and thence along the southern line of said last mentioned purchase, to the Mississippi, at the point marked by the surveyor, appointed by the President of the United States, on the margin of said river; and thence, up said river, to the place of beginning. The exchange of the two tracts of country to take place on or before the first day of June next; that is to say, on or before that day, all the Winnebagoes now residing within the country ceded by them, as above, shall leave the said country, when, and not before, they shall be allowed to enter upon the country granted by the United States, in exchange.

ARTICLE III. But, as the country hereby ceded by the Winnebago Annuity for 27 nation is more extensive and valuable than that given by the United years. States in exchange; it is further stipulated and agreed, that the United States pay to the Winnebago nation, annually, for twenty-seven successive years, the first payment to be made in September of the next year, the sum of ten thousand dollars, in specie; which sum shall be paid to the said nation at Prairie du Chien, and Fort Winnebago, in sums proportional to the numbers residing most conveniently to those places respectively.

Article IV. It is further stipulated and agreed, that the United School to be States shall erect a suitable building, or buildings, with a garden, and established and a field attached, somewhere near Fort Crawford, or Prairie du Chien,

supported by

the U.S. and establish and maintain therein, for the term of twenty-seven years, a school for the education, including clothing, board, and lodging, of such Winnebago children as may be voluntarily sent to it: the school to be conducted by two or more teachers, male and female, and the said children to be taught reading, writing, arithmetic, gardening, agriculture, carding, spinning, weaving, and sewing, according to their ages and sexes, and such other branches of useful knowledge as the President of the United States may prescribe: Provided, That the annual cost of Proviso. the school shall not exceed the sum of three thousand dollars. And, in order that the said school may be productive of the greatest benefit to the Winnebago nation, it is hereby subjected to the visits and inspections of his Excellency the Gouvernor of the State of Illinois for the time being; the United States' General Superintendents of Indian affairs; of the United States' agents who may be appointed to reside among the Winnebago Indians, and of any officer of the United States' Army, who may be of, or above the rank of Major: Provided, That the commanding officer of Fort Crawford shall make such visits and inspections frequently, although of an inferior rank. Article V. And the United States further agree to make to the

Annual allow

ance for 27 said nation of Winnebago Indians the following allowances, for the


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