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four or five years. If another sort of poli- | hagen, yel there is every reason to hope that ticians were to take the helin,' indeed, his his place will be very satisfactorily supplied plans might be disconcerted; but, against by Mr. Garlike, who is appointed Enroy Nr. Pitt and his systems Buonaparté must Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary be mad, if he ever thinks of employing a to that Court, and who is extremely well calsingle soldier, except by way of loup garou, culared to cherish and preserve a dispos tioa or hobgobbling; and, if he were an econo: favourable to his country. Amo:igse the mist, he might make a considerable saving late promotions, every one who is acquaintby quartering paste board or wooden soldiers ed with the character and services of Mr. along the coast. The trial of the conspi- | Thornton, late sec. of legation in America, rators is going on at Paris. All good and will rejoice to see, chat he is going in that loyal men will lament if Georges and his capacity to the court of Berlin. But, who is old companions should suffer. Let us hope to go to St. Petersburgbı ? Is it possible, that, that Buonaparté, now that he is an Emperor, in this critical stute of Europe, no exchange will know bow to admire the unparalleled of ambassador is to take piace there? Caoloyalty of these gallant men. By pardoning not Mr. Pilt find, anjongst all his numerous them he would do more for his character friends, one experienced person of high rank than can ever be done for it by any other and great consideration to send to that means. Very different indeed is ihe situa court? British weconomy is the strangest tion of Georges from that of Moreau, or any thing in the world: we very contentedly of those, who had aided in the revolution, bear taxes, till we can hardly stagger s long and who could have no reasonable and va under them, in order to enrich the vile Jews lid objection against the authority of Buona of the Change; but, we look at a guinea parté. There is no proof that Georges and and turn it ten linies 'over before we will his 'companions meant to assassinale; and, pirt with it for the purpose of adding to the if there were, some allowance is to be made allowance of an ambassador, though we for their long state of irritation ; for the suf know, thai, in many eases, and, indeed, in ferings that they had undergone in conse most cases, the success of bis efforts depends quence of the cruelties of the republicans, upon the expenses he is able to go ipto. by whoin the parents, the wives and chil This is the fully of no other nation. It is a dren, the brothers and sisters, of the far plant peculiar ro this soil; and it has grown greater part of them, had been massacred, with more rankness iban ever since the comor murdered in cold blood. Bouvet, for in mencensent of the power of Mr. Pitt, who, stance, who is one upon the melancholy rocked in the cradle of party, nursed in the Jist, had seven brothers, every one of whom House of Coinmons, has never attached much was murdered, at different times, by the re importance to any thing but the result of a publicans, acting under the orders of the debate. The Bank, indeci, has, of late Consular government. Is there not great years, been the rival of St. Stephens; and, allowances to be made for such a man? very lately, the circumstances of the times That beart must be bard indeed which feels have produced a rage for volunieering and not great compassion for him, even sup military projects; but, towards our dipleposing him to have contemplated the crime matique concerts his attention seems never of assassination ; and, totally devoid of juis to have been, even by chance, directed. Of tice must that mind be, which does not the gifts that Lord Harrow by has in this widely discriminate between the case of way, we shall, probably, be made acquaimed Bouvet and Moreau.
by woeful experience. As some what Corps DIPLOMATIQUE.-The appoint connected with this subject, the answer, ment of Mr. Arbuthnot to succeed Mr. which the French have published to the cirDrummond, at Constantinople, is, perhaps, y cular note of Lord Hawkesbury, may here a change for the better; but, would it not be nentioned. It was by no meanis difficult have been still more prudent to send to that: to triumph over so miserable a performance, important post a person of longer standing a perforınance that would have been a dis. and greater experience? The Danes are in grace to he talent of any man, and what, then, an excellent disposition, at this time; they must it be so a minister of state of a great 12are decidedly hostile to, and resolutely de tion, or rather, what must it be to that pa. termined to resist, the further encroachinents tion? Thas it is that we have sonk, ni are of France. This very favourable circum sioking, in the eyes of Europe. We, have stance we owe, in a great measure, to the lost our ancient reputation for solid wisdom, zeal, ability, experience, and conciliating firmness, integrity, and energy. The namanners of Mr. Liston; and, though one tions of the world now be hold in our states: could have wished bim to remain at Copen mes, a set of shuffling sophisticating dispe
tants, who place reliance, not upon their Seeing that such is the character of the subcharacter and abilities, or, in the last resort, ject; and, being of opinion also, that the upon the spirit of the country, but upon their bill, having already answered its chief purcuteness, their cuoping tricks, their out. pose, will now be translated to the upper witting of their opponent; not recollecting House, there quietly to repose in the tomb that such qualities and arts, though the only of its forefathers, I by no means intend to resource of petty states, are sure to be the give it any annoyance on its passage, but, ruin of a great kingdom, if employed for any to turn from it at once to a matter, with considerable length of time.
which it is somewhat connected, and which, SLAVE TRADE.- On the 30 h ultimo in my bumble opinion, concerts us much Mr. Wilberforce made a motion, in the more nearly than any thing that can take House of Commons, for the House to go into place on the coast of Africa, or in the West a committee, in order to consider of the pro- Indies; I mean, the importation, the foster. priety of introducing a bill for the purpose ing, and the propagation of blacks in the of effecting an abolition of the Slave Trade. United Kingdom, particularly England. But, The motion was finally carried, and the bill before, I enter on this topic, I wish just to is now before the House, having already gone make one remark or two on the tone, which through several stages. The preamble of the partizans of the negrots now take. In this bill says: “ whereas the slave trade is all their arguments, they proceed, as if it “ contrary to the principles of justice and huo were allowed, even by their opponents, that “ manity." Very short and pishy! One the slave trade is contrary to lhe principles would have thought, that when the charac. of justice and humanity; and, of course, ter, not only of a very considerable number they are extremely irritated, that those opof British subjects, but also that of the go: ponents refuse to confess that they are unvernment, in all its branches, not excepting | just and inhuman wretches. But, the truth the House of Commons itself; one would is, that we, who are steadily for the slave have thought, that, when all this character | trade, positively deny that it is contrary to was at stake, that a little more ceremony any one principle either of justice or might have been used. But, as it has fre humanity ; nor will we allow, that we quently been observed, the love of the negro. are wanting in any of those sentiments, race is a passion which knows no bounds, the prevalence of which tend to make us and, indeed, partakes in no trifling degree of l just, merciful, and kind. Few men have the nature of the beloved object. This must bestowed more time upon this subject than certainly be she case, or, it is impossible to I have ; few have read more or conversed conceive, why the preamble to this bill more upon it; few have more earnestly, sbould have fised upon the whole English more diligently, or more disinterestedly, nation, for more than a century and a half sought for information relative thereto; very back, the odious and detestable charge of io- | few have had better opportunities of formjustice and inhumanity. The object of ing a correct judgment, while no one ever The bill appears to be to abolish the slave was in a situation to form a judgment more Irade altogether, but not in mediately, per- | impartial. I have seen negroes in a state of haps. It consists of prohibitions to carry, to slavery, and I have seen frec negroes: in all land in the king's dominions or elsewhere, or sorts of employments and under all sorts of to receive, slaves from Africa or any where treatment, I have had a fair opportunity of else; together with a clause for nullifying all observing them : and, which is noi, in this insurances of ressels carrying slaves, and for case, an unimportant circumstance, I have making such vessels prizes to ships of war | never had a slave, nor any interest in a slave, and others.-- To enter upon a discussion or the labour of a slave, in ihe whole course of the question of the slave trade would, at of my life. Aud, I have no scruple to deany time, require a very grave apology; but, clare, hoping ibat I am, when occasion calls po apology could possibly be sufficient for for it, able to maintain, tbat the slave trade attempting it at this listless season of the is neither unjust nor inhuman; that it is year. It is a question so completely worn contrary neither to religion nor morality; oul, and rendered so disgusting by the un- , and that its continuation is at present des accountable perverseness, with which it was, 1 manded upoo principles of sourid policy. on both sides, maintained, that people of or- i The importation and propagation. dinary nerves shudder at the recollecrion of negroes in this country is, however, with it, and, rather than be compelled to listen to me, a watter of much greater importance a repetition of the whole never ending con- | than the manner of catching them in Africa, troversy, not a few of them would consent or working them in the West-Indie : The 40, be deprived of the power of hearing. first care of every wise statesman and legis. dutor will be, to prevent the people, the afflicted with the leprosy or the plague ; common people, from being, by any means had it been declared death by the law to whatever, degraded in their mind and chạ- commcnicate with her“; nothing that the racter; and, there are no means of national Iman mind can conceive could have more degradation, against which he will be more completely dissevered her from all connexion anxious to guard, because tone are so faial with society. She was, indeed, a woman in and so lasting, as those connected with the low life; there were, however, many more introduction of debased foreigners, by wbich poor, much more destitute of food and raiThe very nature of the population inust, in ment; but, there was not a hut so miserable time, be materially affected. When I look as to suffer ber to enter it, nor was there over the voluminous returns of the popula- man, woman, or child so base as to condetion of this kingdom, I cannot help regret- scend to exchange a word with her. Her ting that such large sums of money were parents and relations ali disowned her as deexpended, and such immense paios bestowed cidedly and effeciually as if she had never in the producing of so imperfect a result. I belonged to them; and, in short, she was, I would have dispensed with the distinction wilh respect to the white people of the counof male and female, and some others, if I try, in a state of death during her life. This could have obtained, in lieu of them, a pretty | unfortunate girl, it she had happened to accurate account of the nomber of foreigners, come to England, would have bcen quite a distinguishing particularly, Jews, Negroes, respectable personage. She might have and Mulatlocs; for, when I reflect on the struited, as we see many of her like, through vast number of these that I see in and about | the Mall, aro in arm with her sooty-faced this town, I view the brilliant total of " our spouse; and, in due time, she might, perimmensely increased population' with feel haps, have been followed by a white maid, jogs very different indred from those which carrying ber mulatto child, or even by a I should otherwise entertain. To confide wbite footinan. One of the first things tl:at myself, at present, to the Negroes, (with a attracted my attention, after my return to promise, however, not to forget the Jews England, was a mulaito driving up St. another time) who, that has any sense or de- | James's Street in a curricle with two English cency, can help being shocked at the sami- grooms bebind bin. I have no scruple to liar intercourse, which has gradually been way, that, if this cavuot be otherwise pregaining ground, and which has, at last, golvented, every colony the nation ought to a complete footing between the Negroes and be instantly abandoned ; for, it is a trait of the women of England? No black swain | degradation and infamy that no nation ought veed, in this loving country, bang hiniselt to live under. But, it can be prevented; in despair. No inquiry is made whether it has been, and it is, prevented, in other he be a agan or a Christian; if he be not countries; in Spain, in Portugal, and in a downright cripple, he will, if he be so dis France most effectually. Before the rero. pused, always find a woman, not merely to lution there was a law strictly prohibiting the yield to his tilthy embraces, that, amongst landing of any negro or negress, or tulat to the notoriously polluted and abandoned part or mulattress, without express permission; of the sex, would be less shocking, but to and, if permission was granted, it was under accompany him to the altar, to become his heavy bonds as to the consequences. Tlie wite, to breed English mulattoes, to stamp same law was revived about a year and d the mark of Cain upon her family and her half ago, allowing a certain time for all pecountry! Amongst wliite women, this dis groes, &c. to remove out of the territory of regard of decency, ibis defiance of the dic France. A wiser law, a law more charac. tates of nature, this foul, this beastly pro- | teristic of high mind, never was passed. It pensity, is, I say it with surrow and with discovers an attention to the honourable shame, peculiar to the English. In no other | feelings of the common people, whose blood country is it known). In Ainerica I dever it is desirous of preserving unadulterated, heard but of two instances, one of which and of sending it down pure to their postecame uuder my own observation, as Wil rity. Here, on the contrary, we seem to mington, in the State of Delaware, where a glory in our shame. None of the common white woman had, by some strolliog metho people are so much caressed as the negroes; dist, been married to a negro. But, the ex and many, too many, of the rich, in the ception was such as to establish the rule; I wildness, in the insolent caprice of their the life of this wretched woman was a Jusury, choose to regard them, and to treat warning to others to avoid her crime. She them, as beings not only equal, but some. way, to all practical intenis apd purposes, in what superior, to even the middling classes a state of excommunication. liad she been of the people. In the theatres they are ad. mitted where a private soldier would be “ the 13th October last, when, to his great thrusted out with scorn, and, perhaps, not surprise, Mr. Morison discharged him without blows, or more serious punishment. " from his service, because the memorialist In the army, too, I am sorry to say it, they « had gone to Cullen on the day preceding, are but too often received, where they never “ withoct his master's perinission to attend ought to show their heads, in any capacity, “ in his place, at the inspection of the comor upon any condition. Not content with | “pany, by Major General the Marquis of having negro regiments in the West Indies, 66 Huntly; and that although the memowe must have a negro regiment at home ; " rialist before he set out to join his comand, amongst " the gallant defender's" of " pany, and also when he was dismissed as England, we have the honour to reckon a " afore aid, offered to make ample recomregiment of Africans! This is one of the " pence to Mr. Miorison, in work or in mo. things to be done away, before there ever 6.ney, for the loss of his labour during his will be an army in this country, such as this “ necessary absence on duty in his Majesty's country stands in need of, and such as it " service, at the iospection of said battalion. must have, if it means to preserve itself from --- Quæ. Will the memorialist, under subjugation. But, the instance of negro " the above menrioned circumstances, be pampering, the most daring and most mis. so well founded in an action against Mr. chievous of all, is the “ academy" at Clap. | " Morison, of his said stipulated fee, and ham, for rearing negro priests; nor would it 4 for wages besides, since the said 13th day be at all surprising, if an attempt were made, i « of October, when he was dismissed from at no very distant period, to introduce some « his' service as aforesaid, until Martinmas of them inio the Church. While an insti "Jast : Or would counsel rather advise the tution like this exists, is it astonishing that I 6 memorialist to restrict his claim against the daughters of poor people should cohabit « Mr. Morison to payment of his work from and marry with negroes? Yes; though I the said term of Wifitsunday last toithe would fain make an apology for any country. " said 13th October? In short, the memo. women, I cannot! Yes; notwithstanding all " rialist is desirous to know if or not he has the encouragement they receive from the any claim against his said master, and to rich, still their own conduct is foul, unnalu. | * what extent?"This memorial, Mr. ral, and detestable,
Whitbread stated, was submitted to the -- LORD ADVocate. On the oth instant Lord Advocate for his opinion thereon, which a motion was made, by Mr. Whitbread, in | opinion was given in the words hereafter 10 The House of Commons, for the production be seen, followed by a letter from the Lord of certain public records of the county of Adrocate, upon ihe same subject, to Mr. Banff, in Scotland, relating to the Lord Ad- Forbes, the sherift subs:iture of Banffshire; vocate's conduct towards a farmer of that I and, in consequence of which letter the county pamed Morison; who, it appears, I sheriff substitute recommended a copy of it had discharged a man from bis service, be to be sent to Mr. Morison by ile sheriff's cause the latter had attended at the muster clerk, who was ordered to keep the original and field day of a corps of volunteers, 10 in the record of the court. The sheriff's which he belooged. The man drew up a clerk did as he was recommended; and, he memorial, of which the following has been accompanied his conmunication to Mr. Mopublished as a copy : “ Memorial for Ro. rison wiili a recommendation to make the 66 bert Garrow, private volunteer in Captain complainant, Garrow, as handsome an al. " Joho Macbean's company, of the 2d bat. I lowance as possible, as being the best means “ salion of Baoffshire volunteers.---That of removing the severity of the Lord Advo“ the memorialist was regularly engaged to cate's opinion. With the aid of this short « serve James Morison, farmer, in Wlavntie, introduction, the papers will speak for them“ for the half-year commencing at Whit i scives.----_-" (PINION. However unprin“: sunday last, at six guineas of fee; and the " cipled and oppressive Mr. Morison's con« memorialist accordingly entered homne 10 * duct seems to have been, I am afraid that " Mr. Morison's service, in terms of his " the memorialist has no claim agaiosť bim, « agreement at that term.---That some except for wages up to the day that he was " time thereafter the memorialist enrolled " dismissed from his service, to which he is " himself a volunteer in the said company “ certainly entiiled 'The opinion of * without having previously obtained the
(Signed) C. HOPE." * consent of his said master for doing so,
L " Edinburgh, Dec. 20, 1803. “ and continued to altend punctually at
Edinburgh, Dec. jo. " drill with the company, after his ordinary
- Sia, I return you the memorial, “ work was finished, in the evenings, until “ with my opinion; and in the circuit
stances of this case I decline taking any on them was more thao they would fairly 65 fee, which I also return to you. The case bcar. He begged the House not to be pre* in the memorial is one of those for which, judiced from the statement they had heard, or unfortunately, no provision is made in but to consider the matter impartially, as « any of the Volunteer Acts, and therefore, being a question of the utmost importance, 6 of course, a person who neglects his mas- The conduct of the Lord Advocate, he be, « ter's work, on account of attending drills lieved, had proceeded from the purest no. " or r views, is, I am afraid, in the same si- | tives of public zeal, and not from any per. 66 tuation with a servant doing so from any sonal inalice, He coosidered it as the purest " other cause. The conduct of Morison, zeal, operating upon a strong and ardent « however, is most atrocious, and every pos- mind; and, it would remain to be consi6 sible means ought to be taken to stigma. dered, how much the public ought to be 6. tise him, and to punish, by the scorn and interested in one who has been the uniform " contempt of all the respectable men of champion of the constitution, and who has " the country, who ought to enter into a re- given so many proofs of bis patriotism and " solution to have no communication or public spirit. Mr. Pitt expressed his won“6 dealings with him whatever. Aod far- der, that this matter had bot been brought " ther, as I consider that Morison's con- on sooner; seeing that the subject of the « duct can only have arisen from a secret complaint existed in October, and sceing “ spirit of disaffection and disinyalty, it is that the Lord Advocate had attended bis duty “ my orders to you, as sheriff's substitute in parliament since that time.---Mr. l'ox " of the county', that on the first French- | observed, that, whateyer, might be the mo“ man landing in Scotland, you do inme- tives of the Lord Advocate, in the conduct " diately apprehend and secure Morison as he had, on this occasion pursued, he thought, « a suspected person, and you will not libe that, if no better argument could be found « rate him without a communication with in his favour than that of an ardent mind, “ me; and you may inform him of these his case must be desperate indeed. What! “ my orders. And larther, I shall do all I said he, shall ardour of mind, in a highly “ can to prevent him from receiving any responsible character like this, be an apology
compensation for any part of his property for flagrant injustice? In this very House, " which may either be destroyed by the · where we have so often been reminded of « enemy, or by the King's troops, to prevent the extravagancies and miseries of the French o it from falling into the enemy's hands. I revolution, what sort of apology will an ar6 am, Sir, &c.
dent mind afford for outrages offered to jusa (Signed) « C. HOPE.” tice, to decency, to every thing sacred in 5. Addressed to George Forbes, Esq. Sheriff
domestic and social life? That an investiga. “ Substitute of Banff shire."
lion into this subject has not been made " I recommended to the sheriff's clerk
sooner, said he, must be attributed to cons « to transcribe this letter, and send the copy sequences, of which oppression is not uo- to Morison ; keeping the principal in the frequently the cause. The oppressed are " record of court.
aíraid, and, in many cases, incapable, of (Signed) “G. FORBES."
complaining, in proportion to the weight and
compl “ Banff, 4th Jan. 1804. injustice of the oppression. On the 14th "Sir,- In consequence of what is above instant Mr. Whitbread stated, that he under* stated, the before written copy has been stood the papers relative to ibis subject were " made out, and is now se'nt you, I regret | not arrived. His intention was, he said, to “ you should have exposed yourself to so bring forward a motion upon the subjeci, “ much censure, and would recommend to and he w'shed to have a day for the purpose; * you the propriety of settling with Garrow, but, he was desirous, that this day might be " by making him as handsome an allowance so fixed as to suit the coprenience of the « as possible, as being the best means of
parties concerned, and that it miglit pot pre“ removing the severity of the Lord Ad
cede the arrival of the ofbcial documents, vocate's opinion.--1 am, Sir, your most on which he intended to found his motiop. « obedient servant,
--This is a matter of very great import* To Mr. Morison. (Signed) PAT. ROSE."
| ance; it involves the character of a person Mr. Pitt, in answer to the speech of Mr. in very high and great authority, and, at Whitbread, began by saying, that he had the same time, the liberty, nay, even the no intention to object to the papers moved personal safety, of the subject. Every man for; but, on the contrary, should be glad 10 must agree with Mr. Pitt, that the parlia. see them before the House, being covinced, ment and the country should come to the that the construction, which had been put discussion of this question with minds to