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tors who were to accompany him, were knowledge, may no more have a retrograde chosen by lot.
motion. I do not speak of the great man
called upon by his glory, 10 give his name to Speach of the Vice-President of the Senate, the age in which he lives, and who ought
upon the presenting of the Decree. to be called on by our wishes to consecrate Citizens Tribunes, this day will form a to us his family and existence. It is not to remarkable æra. It is the day on which himself, it is not to us that he ought to deyou are called on, for the first lime, to ex vore himself. - What you propose in the ercise with the Conservative Senate, the re ardour of enthusiasm the Senate will consipublican and popular privilege which the der with cool deliberation ---Citizen Tri. fundamental laws of the constitution have bunes, we are the corner stone of the social delegated to you.
You could not exercise edifice; but it is the government of an berea this prerogative
more favourable ditary chief that must constitute the key moment, or apply it to an object of more slone of the arch. You repose in your boimportance thau the present. Citizen Tri som the wish, that this arch may be at lest bunes, you express to the trustees of the na consolidated. In receiving this wish the tional rights a wish truly na:ional. I cannot Senate does not forget that what you solicit Temove ihe veil which conceals for a time is not so much a change of the state of ihe the labours of the Senate on this important republic as a means of perfecting and estasubject. I must inform you, however, inblishing it, and this certainly is what we are the mean time, that since the 6th Germinal most interested in. In this national temple (March 27) the Srnate has directed the at the constitution ought to repose in some tention of the First Magi-trate 10 the same measure on the God Torminus. If we are subject. The Senaie had previously sound induced to interfere in any respect with ibis • ed the public opinion, and had announced it sacred compact, the guardianship of which to the government. But you will find your is entrusted 10 us, it is only to add to its advantages and privileges, when you observe strength and to extend its duration. that what we have been ibinking of in silence for two months, the peculiar nature NI:ssage from the First Consul tó tbe Cona of your institution, and the place you hold servative Sinate, dated St. Cloud, 251b in the constitution has enabled you at once April, 1804, in Answer to an Address 10 submit to discussion in presence of the from the Senate, dalid March 27th, 1804, people. You have served at once the peo
which Address contained a Proposition for ple and the government, by disclosing and making bin Emperor, enforcing this opinion, pregnant with so “ Senators ;- Your address of the 6h many advantages, and at first secretly che last Germainal has never ceased to be
present sished in the bosom of this assembly, where to my boughts. It bas been the object of you have now so gloriously reported it. The my 100st constant meditation. ---You have happy developement which yon have given julged the bereditary power
r of the supreme this great idea, procures 10 the Senate, magistracy necessary, in order to shelter the which opened ibe Tribune to you, the satis French people completely from the plots of faction of being able to congratulate them our enemies, and from the agitations which selves on their choice, and to approve what arise from rival, ambitions. It even appeais they bave done. In your public speeches to you, that many of our institutions ought we have found the basis of our opinions. to be improved, in order to secure for ever Like
you, Citizens Tribunes, we do not wish the triumph of equality and public liberty, the return of the Bourbons; because we do and preseni to the nation and to the govern. not wish a counter-revolution, which is the ment the double guarantee they are in want cnly benefit we could derive from those op of --We have been constanıly guided by foriunale exiles who have carried with ihem This grand eroth, that the sovereignty resides despotism, nobility, feudal tyranny, slavery, in the French people, in the sense that every and ignorance, and wbo, still to augment thing, without exception, ought to be done their crimes, have encouraged the hope, that for its interest, its bappiness, and its glory. a return to France inight be found by the It is in order 10 attain ibis end, that the soway of England. -- Like you, Citizens Tri preme Magistracy, the Senate, the Council bunes, we wish to raise a new dynasty, be of Siate, the Legislative Body, the Elecioral cause we wish to secure to the French peo. | Body, ihe Electoral Colleges, and the difple all their rights which they bave recon ferent branches of the Administration, are quered, and wbich the folly of their enemies and ought to be insituted.---- Jo proporwould lake from them. Like you, Citizens tion as I fix my attention upon these great Tribunus, we wish liberty, equality, and objects, I am still more convinced of the
verity of those sentiments which I have ex- | rights they are appointed to protect. pressed to you, and I feel more and more Having recalled the past, examined the prethat in a circumstance as new as it is im- | sent, and cast its looks towards the future, portant, the councils of your wisdom and it now presenıs to you the wish imposed on experience were necessary to enable me to it by the safety of the state. The French 'fix my ideas.-- I request you then to make | have conquered liberty ; they wish to preknown to me the whole of your thoughts. | serve their conquest; they wish to enjoy re- -The French people can add nothing to pose after their victory. - For this glorious the honour and glory with which it has sur- repose they will be indebted to the heredirounded me, but the most sacred duty for tary government of a single individual, who, me, as it is the dearest to my heart, is to elevated above all, invested with great powsecure to its latest posterity "hose advantages er, surrounded by splendour, glory, and wawhich it has acquired by a revolution that jesty, will delend public liberty, maintain has cost it so much, particularly by the sa equality, and lower his fasces before the socrifice of those millions of brave citizens vereign will of the people who proclaim who have died in defence of their rights. I him, ---It is this government which the
I desire that I might declare to you, on French nation wished to give itself in the the 14th July, in the present year. Fifteen happy days of the year 1789, the recollecyears have past since, by a spontaneous tion of which will be for ever dear 10 the movement you ran to arms, you acquired friends of the country, whom the noble enliberty, equality, and glory. These first thusiasm which the image alone of this go. blessings of nations are now secured to you vernment created, was involuntarily shared for ever, are sheltered from every tempest, even by those whosc interests were hurt by they are preserved to you and to your chil. the revolution, and against which a perfididren: institutions conceived and began in ous foreigner dared to lift up from afar his the midst of the storms of interior and ex parricide hands, and in which the experiterior wars, developed with constancy, are ence of ages, the reason of statesmen, the just terminated in the noise of the attempts genius of philosophy, and the love of humaand plots of our most mortal enemies, by nity, inspired the representatives whom the the adoplion of every ihing which the ex nation had chosen.--It is this government, perience of centuries and of nations has de limited by the law which the greatest gemonstrated as proper to guarantee the rights nius of Greece, the most celebrated orator which the nation had judged necessary for of Rome, and the greatest statesmen of the its dignity, its liberty, and its happiness. 18th century, declared to be the best of all.
- It is that alone which can put an end Reply of the Senate, dated 4th May, 1804, to dangerous rivalities in a country covered
and signed by the Vice-President and Se- with numerous armies, and commanded by cretaries, FRANCOIS (de Neufchateau) great captains.--History holds it up as an Vice-Presidents MORARD DE Galles invincible obstacle to all the raslı efforis of a and Joseph CORNUDET, Secretaries, and bloody anarchy, the violence of an audacious the Chancellor of the Senate, LA PLACE tyranny which believed itself to be absolved
« Citizen First Consul,-You have, by | by strength, and to the perfidious attempts a memorable message, just replied in a nian- of a despotism still more dangerous, which ner worthy of you, and of the great nation spreading in darkness its formidable nets, which has appointed you its chief, to the waited with hypocritical patience for the wishes which ihe Senate expressed to you, moment to throw off the mask, and to lift and to the solicitudes inspired in it by the up the shaft of iron.- lt declares to a love of the country You desire, Citizen brave and generous nation - You have lost First Consul, to become acquaioted with the “ your independence, your liberty, and your opinion of the Senate, concerning those in. |« name, because you would not renounce stitutions of ours which we conceive should " electing a supreme chief."--It unveils be improved, in order henceforth to secure that long sequel of tumults, dissentions, add the triumph of equality and public liberty, civil discords, which bave preceded or fol. and to present to the nation and to the go lowed those periods when nations elected a vernment, the double guarantee of which new chief; happy, when not condemned to they are in want. The Senate -have as. the shame still more insupportable than sembled together, and carefully compared death, of receiving a foreign power, conthe resulis of the meditations of its mem queror or corruptor, a contemptible chief, bers, the fruits of their experience, the ef cowardly enslaved, or basely perfidious.-fects of the zeal with which they are ani- | It bids us to regard the city of the Cæsars, mated for the prosperity of the people, whose the capital of the world, a prey to all the
disorders, crimes, and furies, which the gold, the tempest of an elective govern med.-the sword, and the poison of the competitors Liberty and equality must be held sacred, for the empire could create, until an here- the social pact must not be violated; the ditary power replaced a moustrous'assem- sovereignty of the people arust be acknowblage of contested elections, ludicrous'sånc. [ledged; in order that at the most distant times tions, uncertain decisions, unacknowledged the native may not be forced again to seize adoptions, and despised acclamations. - 118 power, and averige its outraged majesty. After the fifteen ages which have elapsed -The Senates of opinion, Citizen First since the year 1789, after all the catastro Consul, that it is for the deatest interests of phies which have succeeded each other; af. The Frencli people, to confide' the governter the numberless dangers which have šur- | ment of the republic to Napoleon Buonas rounded the social body, and when we saw | parte, hereditary Emperor. It developes the abyss opened, into which they seemed in the memorial which it annexes to its resolved to cast it, before the saviour of message, the dispositions which'appear to it France was restored to us, what other go the most proper to give to our institutions vernment than that of a single individual, the necessary force to guarantee to the naregulated by the isw for the happiness of all, tion its dearest rights, by securiog the inde. and confided to a family whose destiny is pendence of the great authorities, ihe free inseparable from that of the revolution, and enlightened vote of impost, the security could protect the fortune of so great a pum- of prosperity, the liberty of individuals, of ber of citizens, become holders of landed the press, and of elections; the responsibiproperty, which a counter revolution would lity of ministers, and the inviolability of the snatch from them, guarantee the heads of constitutional laws. These tutelary disFrenchmen who have never ceased to be
positions, Citizen First Consul, will com. faithful to the sovereign people, and even | pletely shelter the French people from the defend the existence of those, who misled plots of their enemies, and from those agita. in the beginning of our political tormenrs, tions which take their rise from ambi'ious have claimed and obtained ihe indulgence rivals, they will maintain the reign of the of their country.-- What other ægis than law, of liberty and equality.---The love of that government, can for ever repel those the French for your person, transmitted to execrable plots, which reproducing them. your successors with the immortal glory of selves under every form, setiing every spring your name, will for ever connect the rights at work, one day overturned and the next
of the nation, with the power of the prince. reappearing, might at length finish by tiring - The social part will brave time. --The out fortune; and to which were devoted republic, as imovutable as its vast territory, those blind Zealots, who in their guilty deli- will behold political em pests gather round it rium, conceive they have means once more in vain. --TO shake it the whole world to erect for a family whom the people have must be shaken, and posterity in calling to proscribed, a throne composed only of feu. recollection Ylie prodigies brouglit about by dal trophies, and instruments of servitude, | your genius, will continual'ġ behold erect which the national thunder has reduced to that immense monument of every thing for dust. - What other government in short which the country will be indebted to can for ever preserve that acquisition so dear | you."!! to a generous nation, those palms of genius, and those laurels of victory, which the ene. | The following are Addresses, upon the same mies of France would with sacrilegious Sibject, from a Part of the Army, and from hands snatch from her august brow!-- tbe City of Paris, being a Speciinen of the This hereditary government can only be 11umerous Addresses, which bave been sent confided (o. Napoleon Buonaparté and bis by all the Departments, the Armies, and the family: ----Glory, gratitude, love, reason, principal Cities: n
e the interest of the siate, all proclaim Napo Address of lbe first division of the Camp at Jeon Buonaparté hereditary Emperor. - Ostend, dated 2g1b of April, 1804. But, Citizen First Consul, the benefit of . General First Consul; A cry has our social' pact ought to endure, if pos been heard in the army!!--That cry is sible, as long as your renown. We echoed in every heart. The soldiers of ought to ensure she happiness, and gua. the ist division of the camp at Bruges, senrantee the rights of generations to conie. sible of the danger; which you have enThe imperial government ought to 'be un
countered alone, in the common cause; shaken. Let not the forgetfulness of pre- more sensible still of the benefits which they cautions called for by wisdom, suffer the have derived from you, are eager to decree 'storais of an ill organized regency, succeed l to you a title august aad worthy of you. --
You are already their chief and their father, too fully convinced them that whatever has bat these titles are not sufficient to express been done, or tried, beyond their first wishes, either their enthusiasm or their love. --- Let, | commanded perhaps by circumstànces sirong. then, that of Emperor teach the world, that I er than men, canot constitute either the France has known how to express her grati duration, the force, or ibe happiness of a tude for all that you have done for her! ----- great empire. --- We shall noi, Cirizen Firse Yet a painful recollection mingles iiself with Consul, point out the mode it woulo be most our hopes. Already have the poignards of suitable to adopt for the accomplishment of the enemy more than once tlıreatened your lour wish. We irust, in this respect, to the destiny, to which that of so many others is wisdom of the first authority of the state, attached.--Fan'e was on the point of and to your own wisdom. But let us be being annihilated in your perso! Let her fearful of di-sembling the truth to ourselves. survive in your illustrious family! And let | The moments are pressing. Our implacable posterity kuow what your great actions have enemies arr observing us. We know what been, and whai has been our gratitude.--- | frighiful projecis they have shewn theme The org: 0 of a part of your troop, I am selves capable of! They will never cease bappy in having it in my power to express to m-dilaving our ruin beture strong, generous, you heir sentiments, -- Deign, to accep, and lasting institutions will have convinced General First Consul, the testimonies of love them ihat our ruin is imposible, ---Signed and of respect of the first division, and of the Twelve Mayors, the Twenty four Asmine. -- (igned) -- The General of Di- sistant Mayors, the Five Members of the vision, OUDINOT, -- Then follow the Council of Prefecture, the Prefect and the signatures of the generals and officers of the Secretary-General.' staff, and of The officers and soldiers of the five regiments which compose the di
PUBLIC PAPER. vision.]
Note delivered by the Minister Resident of
Russia, Mr. Kluppell, to Baron D'Albinis Address of the Municipal Body of Paris, daled and communicated to the Diet of Ratisbon, 301b spril, 1804.
on the 6th of May, 1804.--It was doned To day, Cirizen First Consul, all France at Ratisbon on tbe 5tb of May, and signed, expresses the same wishes we expressed (wo DE KLUPPELL. years ago. To day all France, happy under The eyent which has taken place in the your government, conjures you to eternise states of his liighauss the Elector of Baden; the benefit of it. ---Do not forget it, Citizen the conclusion of which has been so melan. First Coosol : in 1789, France, without choly, has occasioned the most poignant doubt, demanded a revolution ; but she de- 1 grief to the Emperor of all the Russias. He manded it in the maxims of her government, cannot but view with the grealest concern and not in the unity which cous.ituted her the violation which has been committed on essence. --The French, then free, in the the tranquillity and integrity of the German choice of their deputies to the states general, teritory. His Imperial Majesty is the more free in the expression of heir sentiments and affected by this event, as he never could wishes, expressly demanded that all the citie | have expected that a power which had unzéos, equal in rights, should be admissible, dertaken, in common with himself, the without distinction of rank and birth, 10 all office of mediator, and was consequently the public functions. They demanded that bound to exert bis care for the welfare and the power of exercising arbitrary acts should tranquillity of Germany, could have departa no longer reside any wb re, and that no citi. ed in such a manner from the sacred princi. zen might be condemned without having pies of the law of nations, and the duties it been tried. They demanded liberty of con had so lalely taken upon itself. It would science, or rather the free exercise of all be unnecessary to call the attention of the forms of divine worship. They demanded | Diet to the serious consequences to which that the representatives of the balion should the German Empire must be exposed, if be called to deliberate upon the public bur acts of violence, of which the first example, dens. They demanded, in fine, as a gua- bas just been seen, should be passed over in rantee of all the rights ihey invoked The silence; it will, with its accustomed forerestitution of, that the executive power sight, easily perceive how much the fulure should remain confided to the hands of a tranquillity and security of the whole Emsingle person, and that this power should be pire, and each of its members must be enhereditary,--What the French demanded dangered, if such violent proceedings should in 1789, they again demand to-day. They be deemed allowable, and suffered to take earnestly demand it. A long experience has | pace without observation or opposition,
Moped by these considerations, and in qua- which, always placed in the most perilous Jity of guarantee of the Constitution of the post, have never lost their colours, and have Germanic Empire, and that of mediator, the | very often brought back or decided the vicEmperor considers it as bis duty solemnly totory.--I desire in consequence, that the protest against an action which is such an Senate accede to the demand which the leattack on the tranquillity and security of nator Joseph Buonaparté will make, to be Germany. Justly alarmed at the mournful permitted to absent himself from its delibeprospect it presents, his Majesty made no rations during the time the occupations of delay to represent his manner of thinking on the war may detain him at the army. the subject to the First Consul, by the Russian Chargé d'Affaires at Paris. While 1 St. Petersburgh, May 1.--A Copy of the his Majesty adopis a measure prescribed to foll.winy Rescript of his Imperial Alajesty him by his solicitude for the welfare of the to Count Marcof, Counsellor of State, dated German Empire, he is convinced that the | February 15, was read in the Directing Diet and the Head of the Empire will do Senate by Prince Peter IVassilievitsh- Lapua justice to his disinterested, and manifestly cbin: Rescript.-Count Arkadi Ivanovitsh indispensible care;, and that they will upire -Since I recalled you from your post at their endeavours with his, to transmit their Paris, where you discharged your duty with just remonstrances to the French Govern, the greatest zeal, and to my entire satisfacment, to prevail on it to take such steps and tion, it is very agreeable to me to have measures as the violation of their dignity found your conduct there consistent with may require, and the maintenance of their propriety, and to renew my thanks to you future security may render necessary. for it, as well as for the exertions you have
made to promote my advantage. As I wish FOREIGN OFFICIAL PAPER.
to give you a new proof of my satisfaction, Message from the First Coniul of France to the I have ordered, till an opportunity occurs of
Consez vative Senate, daled St. Cloud, 18th rewarding you according to your merit, that of April, 1804, relative to his Brotber Joseph you shall receive yearly from the revenue of Buonaparté.
the post office 12,000 roubles, and that SENATORS-The Senator Joseph Buona 12,000 roubles shall be paid to you from the parté, grand officer of the Legion of Ho Treasury to indemnify you for the expences nour, has expressed to me bis desire of of your return from Paris.-This salary you sharing the perils of the army encamped will receive from the day of your arrival in upon the coast of Boulogne, in order 10 par- Russia in the quality of a Minister in the take in its glory.-- I have thought that it College of Foreign Affairs. was for the good of the state, and the Senate would see with pleasure that, after having
I SUMMARY OF POLITICS. . rendered to the republic important services ! Russia.-The Note from the Russian by the solidity of his counsels, in circum. Minister to the Diet of Ratisbon, whichi stances the most grave, by the knowledge, I will be found in a former page of this sheet, skill, and wisdom he displayed in the suc seems to indicate a determination on ihe cessive negotiations of the treaty of Monson. part of the Emperor, to take part, in sonię taine, which terminated our differences with way or other, in the present contest. It is the United States of America; of that of stated, too, in the foreign newspapers, that Luneville, which pacified the Continent; | an army of 200,000 Russians are ready to and subsequently of that of Amiens, which march into Germany; that there is an allihad re-established peace between France and ance formed, offensive and defensive, be. England, the Senator Joseph Buonaparté tween Russia, Au tria, Denmark, and Swee should be placed in a situation to contribute den ; that England is about to accede to it; to the vengeance which the French people and, that the object, is, to carry on a war promise themselves for the violation of that against Buonaparté, for the openly avowed last treaty, and should be enabled lo acquire purpose of re-instating the House of Bour additional titles to the esteem of the nation. bon on the throne of France, against the
-Having already served under my eyes usurping of which by the Buonaparie's in the first campaigns of the war, and given
Louis the XVIlIh is now formally to proproofs of his courage and his disposition for test. Such certainly wonld be a most grthe profession of arms in the rank of chief of nerous and noble ground of warfare; and, it battalion, I have nominated him Colonel is to be feared, far too generous and noble Commandant of ihe 4th regiment of the line, to exist any where but in the imagination of one of the most distinguished corps of the those, who know little of some of the parties army, and which is numbered amongst those to this supposed league; for, 18" 19"Mr. Pit;