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milar subject, in the year 1768, declaring | from page 402, Vol. I. and other passages, that the doctrines of no faith to be kept with he appears to have aided in the conspiracy. Heretics, and that princes deprived by the Nor ought we to forget Dr. Hussey's (ano. pope, may be deposed and murdered by ther bishop too) threats of the vast rock just their subjects; are doctrines defended and detached from the mountains' brow; which contended for, by most Catholic nations; should crush all the opposers of popery. and the Holy See has frequently followed Pastoral Letter, 1796. In vol. ii. p. 455. We them in its practice. Which is very true. have a letter from a loyal priest, complainFor what Protestant does not recollect, or ing that because he would take no part in what Papist dares deny, that the then Pope the rebellion of 1798, he was silenced by commanded a triumphant jobilee, and so his bishop, whom he accuses of distributing, lemn thanks to Almighty God for the previous to the insurrection, ready made bloody, treacherous, and accursed deeds of absolutions for murders to be committed. St. Bartholomew's day; when, in despite of Neither were all the priests taken or killed the most solemn oaths, at Paris alone 10,000 in arms of the lowest order, or worst educamen were butchered in cold blood, because tion among them. However loyal then, they were Protestants. Neither hath this Lord Fingall and other noblemen of that diabolical spirit yet evaporated, as the His persuasion truly were, it is not the character tory of Irish rebellions too strongly prove. of Roman Catholics in Ireland, neither is it It will be sufficient to detail a few facts in the doctrine of their decrees, councils, and the last, taken from the 3d edition of Sir R. rules. But as to the egregious charge of inMusgrave's History. The truth of whose tolerance and bigotry in the Irish governaccount is now fully ascertained, not only by ment, made by the British Observer, I shall the best evidence which such subjects admit, | simply answer, that during the last 60 years, but by his having voluntarily altered, in the many laws have been enacted favourable, last editions, whatever was shewn to have but not one injurious to the Roman Caihobeen erroneous. The unbounded influence lics. They are at present restrained from of the priests over their congregations, ap nothing but power. Why that is sought repears from innumerable instances, but from | quires no Edipus to conjecture. Yours, none more strongly,than that at their instance C.R. April 22, 1804. these semi-barbarians left off the use of whiskey, lest in a moment of drunkenness

TO LORD REDESDALE, they should betray their secrets. Neither do My LORD,—The sentiments, which pera I recollect an instance of any person being vade your letters to Lord Fingall, fill my killed, who could produce a written protec- mind with surprise and astonishment, as of tion from a priest. Except the propensity of ten as I turn to that singular correspondence, the Irish to treason and murder be stronger | Attached, from motives of gratitude, to the than that of thirst, surely the influence party that promoted you to the high rank, which allayed the one might have restrained, which you now hold, you have entered into the other. If we add to this, that the Irish their views, with the distinguished ardour of were in the constant habits of confession, la proselyte; you have tortured your ingenuthat in the South where the rebellion was | ity, to render the catholics of Ireland unpo. most successful, the priests were generally pular ; but, unfortunately for your purpose, engaged in it; that several condeinned pa you have counteracted your own designs and pists declared they were persuaded to rebel those of your friends. They appear to view by their priests, and therefore, refused their your conduct with silent shame; for when. assistance when going to be executed; the ever it has been incidentally the subject of only conclusion which can be drawn is evi discussion, not a word has been offered in dent. Of the superior clergy the conduct of extenuation of your proceedings. In fact, some was actually treasonable, of others very

your statements have been proved to be ere dubious, of none actively loyal. What ec roneous, your positions false or unmeaning, clesiastical censures have been inflicted on and your reasoning inconclusive. The only any whom the lenity of government passed argument, if it can be so called, which you by? I would particularly call your attention have produced, in order to affix a charge of to the conduct of Caulfield, a popish prelate, disloyalty on the catholics, is drawn from during the massacres at Wexford. When your own incorrect and yucandid represen, ever he appeared in the streets the multitude tation of a doctrine which you have your. fell on their knees before him, yet did he self sworn to support. It is unnecessary to never attempt to stem their murderous fury, exhort your lordship, whenever you should which a Christian in his situation ought to be again disposed to turn divine, lo acquire bave done at the hazard of his life. Nay, a previous knowledge of the establisfied se

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ligion, of which you are an official protec- , different states of Europe, in which the cator. The compassion, which the grossest tholic religion abounds with professors, withignorance of the 39 articles, and of ihe ho. | out being the religion of the rulers. Look milies and canons of the church of England, to Russia, to Sweden, to Denmark, to some has secured you, will scarcely encourage you states of Germany, and to Holland. In in future altempts of this nature.--If I carry those countries you will find catholics, and my observations still farther, on this unplea persons of other persuasions, living in the sant subject, how will your lordship be sur- utmost harmony and peace, and equally parprised, when, after shewing you that your taking of the emoluments of the state. The systematic charge against the catholics of | ambassador of his Daoish majesty, at this day Irelaod, is destroyed not only by your own at the court of Madrid, is a catholic, and he principles, as a member of the established has been employed by that sovereign, on church, but by the avowed doctrine and different embassies, for a long period; wish practice of catholics throughout the world, the greatest credit to his character. Tour I proceed to prove, that it stands refuted lordship will find, on a cursory examination, by hourly experience, and the evidence of that the catholics of those countries, though facis. You are pleased to assert, that the differing from their rulers in religious beliet, professions of loyalty, made by catholics, de are distinguished by a spirit of loyaliy, which serve litile regard, and are given to the reflects the highest honour on the religion winds, as long as the priests of the see of they profess. In all my communications Rome, refuse to consider those who dissent with the continent of Europe, I have not from them, as members of ihe churi h of yet heard, that any lord high chancellor has Christ. To judge, from your lordship's re thought it necessary to read to them lectures presentation, of the practical effects of the on loyalty, or to induce them to sacrifice ariy exclusive doctrine on the conduct of catho part of their religious code to the safety of lics, without any other koowledge of the the state.--If your lordship will direct question, I should suppose, that bis Majes your view to the transactions of our owa ty's subjects of this persuasion, amounting country, you will find such a display of cain the whole united kingdom, at least to four tholic loyalty, as scarcely any age or nation millions, are rebels and traitors by principle, can exhibit. Examine, any lord, the con. and incapable of inaintaining those relations duct of catholics under the most trying cir: by which human society is supported; and cumstances, and in the most critical periods that they should be destroyed by fire and of our history : scrutinize their behaviour in faggot. Truly, my lord, this is ihe natural | the days of Elizabeth, on the prospect of inand direcť tendency of your lord-bip's state- | vasion by a catholic sovereign, the most ment; for if catholics cannot be loyal to a formidable at that time in Europe. protestant goveroment, they deserve not an Even bigotry and incredulity have done existence in a protestant country. Are you justice to the excellence of their conduct on prepared to support the consequences of your that occasion. Review their behaviour own statement? Or do you, for a moment, through every successive period to the think your representation agreeable to truth? present time ; see their acts not in the parSuffer me to say, without ceremony, that tial accounts of prejudiced enemies of that the least reflection will convince you of the persuasion, but in the authentic documeots fallacy of your reasoning. Your own obs of historical information ; weigh the conduct servation, however inattentive, your know. of the whole body, and take an eolarged ledge of history, however scanty, must sa view of the subject, without being blinded tisfy you, that your fine theory ajust yield to by a mist of prejudice, with which the the weight of contrary experience. The ca-l preachers of the 5th of November, in their tholics have been, my lord, and are still loy- elegant rhapsodies, never fail to cover .ibat al; consequently the possibility of catholic much-injured race of men ; do this, my loyalty is placed beyond a doubt. This lord, and I affirm, without the smallest fear mode of reasoning I should suppose to be l of contradiction, that you will be filled with conclusive, unless your lordship, after fram- | admiration, at an unexampled, and an uning a system contradicted by your own broken display of loyalty. If your lordship religious doctrines, and the observations of will take the trouble to inspect the actions of mankind, should be disposed to question the the great body of the Irish catholics for a old axiom of the schools, ab actu ad poten. | century past, from the treaty of Limerick, tiam valet consecutio, and deny that the ac- for instance, to the present time, you will tual existence of an object-imports its possi- fiod, that under a frightful series of pains, bility.-- As to the proof of catholic loyalty, peoalties and disabilities, under the severest I beg your lordship to take a view of the barden of oppressive and persecutiog laws, they have displayed innumerable instances to another. Have you get to learn, my of the most distioguished loyalty. Their lord, that the obedience, which catholics conduct is a most satisfactory refutation of show to the head of their church, relates 1 the sophistry, by which you have, in vain, spiritual concerns only? and that their loyattempted to prove, that catholics cannot be alty to their sovereign, is wholly unconnected loyal to a protestant governmeni.Suffer with the temporal power of the pope? me here, my lord, to repeat my astonishment Uuder every vicissitude of this power, they at the extraordinary and unparalleled con- | have inaintained firm and unshaken their duct of your lordship. That a Lord High fidelity to their sovereign : and what possiChancellor should seriously produce a charge ble ground can you allege for such a charge of disloyaliy against the catholics of Ireland, Is not the known conduct of Dr. Troy, Dr. in a series of letters to a respectable noble. Moylen, Dr. Coppinger, Dr. Dillon, and the man of that persuasion, a charge which af rest of that respectable class of catholics, an fects the catholics of the whole united king explicit and actual disavowal of such an ac. dom, as well as every catholic in the uni cusation) Had I becu the author of this verse; that he should ground this charge on unjust insinuation, I must confess, I never a speculative article of doctrire, which he should, after such an occurrence, have lifted holds in common with the catholics; that up my head in the presence of a catholic he shoold obstinately persist in it in defiance clergyman. - Permit me now, my lord, to of hourly experience, and the evidence of take my tinal leave of your lordship for ever. facts, is an event, which, replete as the I have examined your letters, with at least present age is with wonderful occurrences, as much attention as they deserve; I have I did not expect to witness. The more Il corrected your mis statements, I have refuted reflect on the subject, my astouishment is your reasonings. I hope I have afforded increased.- I am well assured, my lord, from you such a lesson for your future conduct, unequivocal appearances, that your conduct | as will prevent you from recurring to a siis repugnant to the feelings of the British 1 milar proceeding; and I trust shall never nation, and to that noble and generous spirit, have again to perform so unpleasant a task. by which this country has been long dis - THE BRITISH Observer, dated 2616 tinguished. To revive religious animositieś April, 1804. is deemed ungenerous, and, under the present circumstances, is attended with pecáljar EXTRACT FROM THE MINUTES OF THE danger. It is now a favourite and prevailing

PROCEEDINGS AT A GENERAL MEETING maxim, that all animosities arising from a OF THE SOCIETY OF SHIP OWNERS OF difference of religious belief, should be GREAT-BRITAIN, HELD AT THE LONburied in oblivion; that universal forbear DON TAVERN, ON THURSDAY THE 22D ance and charity should prevail, and that DAY OF MARCH, 1804. fresh zeal and vigour in maintaining our Robert CURLING, Esq. in the Chair dearest rights should be infused into every The Secretary read the report of the Combreast. Whocver adopts a contrary conduct, mittee, stating, “That the Committee deemwhoever renews the exploded outcry against ed it nccessary to request the attention of popery, and thus rouses the resentment of the meeting to the several objects which had four millions of his Majesty's subjects, who been noticed by them since their appointever wantonly questions the loyalty of one ment. -- The Society, it was to be observfourth of the population of the United King.led, was instituted in 1802, in consequence dom, that man, whatever be his rank, must of the depreciated state of the shipping inexpect to meet with the censure of his fellow terest, and the various inconveniencies to subjects. Hic niger est, hunc iu Romane which Ship Owners were then liable. Their cnvelo.-! cannot refrain from noticing an first and most important object had been to iosinuation against the loyalty of the catho. | endeavour to convince ihe King's ministers lics contained in your last letter to Lord of the impolicy of imposing any direct tax Fiogall. You represent the pope, at least on shipping: and they are satisfied, that in as a temporal prince, as a vassal of France, case an investigation into the actual state the avowed enemy of this country; and of the navigation of the country had taken under such a circumstance, you cannot be: place, and which was so earnestly desired by lieve, that any honest and conscientious en them, much of the distress which is contideavours will be used by the catholic clergy, nued to be felt by the shipping interest to diffuse among the people sentiments" of would have been avoided ; their statements loyalty to a protestant government. Such would have been found correct, and not fal. an insulting declaration I should never have lacious or exaggerated, as they were so inbeliçyed that one nobleman could transmis dusıriously represented to be ; and the coun. try would not at the present time have had | the Ship Owners at Sunderland and Scarto regret the injurious operation of the ap- borough, taken the opinion of a very emi. plication of so new a principle of taxation in nent lawyer on the subject, and it appeared a maritime country, the continued suspen- | by ibat opinion, that the Trustees were not sion of the Navigation Act, and the emigra. warranted by the act in demanding the har. sion of many brave native seamen, who are bour dues on colliers returning in ballast either now in the employment of America, coastwise, or from Guernsey or Jersey, as or in the service of the enemy. This ob before stated. Io consequence of that opi. ject the Committee had not been able com- nion, a case had been by consent submitted pletely to attain : they, however, hope, that to the consideration of two of the Judges, the frequent recorrence to these points, and ard now remained for a second argument. the repeated intimations which have been ----3dly. Azother important subject which given to many of the members of the legis had been submitted to the Committee, was Jature on the subject, will occasion, at no the rates of pilotage from the Downs to distant day, a parliamentary inquiry into the Gravesend, and from thepce to London : actual state of the navigation of Great-Bri and as the several acts respecting the pilottain. The Committee forbear at present age from the Downs and Orfordness to Lon. commenting further on these most impor don will shortly expire, a Sub-committee tant objects to the country, or to expatiate had appointed to take the same into consimore fully on the present depressed state of deration, and to report to the Committee the shipping interest and, the causes which what, in conjunction with the Lord Warden have occasioned it; they are too obvious to of the Cinque Ports and the Elder Brethren need enumeration, and the ultimate ruinous of the Trinity-house, they may think will be consequences to be expected from them can | most proper to be done in that respect only be averted by a strict adherence to the | 4th. Another subject of the greatest magprovisions of the Navigation Act, which our nitude to the Ship Owners in the Port of ancestors considered so essentially requisite London, which had engaged the most strito the glory and welfare of the empire, and ous and anxious attention of the Committee, by affording to British Ship Owners such was the disputes in the autumo of 1802, befacilities as will at least enable them to na tween the Ship Builders and their workmen; vigate their ships upon an equal footing and in consequence of the manner in which with foreigners. The other subjects those diferences had been adjusted by the which had come before the Committee were builders who had applied to the Committee the following, viz.-1st. The serious incon on the subject, the Society had at a general venience many Ship Owners have felt, and meeting entered into some resolutions ex. still continue to feel, from being obliged to pressive of their disapprobation of the motake out licenses and give bonds to the tives of the Ship Builders which appeared to Commissioners of his Majesty's Customs, them to have led to the conclusion of those from the particular construction and build disputes. --5th. The Committee had, du. of their ships. The subject was considered ring the last session of Parliament, deemed of so much consequence, that it had been it expedient, from motives of public duty, referred to a sub-committee to take the same to oppose the duties which were attempted into their consideration, and point out not by the Bell Rock Lighthouse Bill to be imonly the several inconveniences resulting posed on all ships passing the lioe of the from the regulation, but the means by which latitude of Bell Rock, on which a light. they might be remedied, without any injury house was proposed to be erected, so far as whatever to the revenue ; and to report the such duties would have affected the Baltic same to the Committee': accordingly a me- | | trade; and it appears that the duties wbich morial had been presenled to the Lords were to have been charged, would have Comouittee of Trade on the subject; but produced upwards of £10,000 per avnum the Committee are sorry to observe, that to that light-house, but for the timely in., their lordships have refused to make any 1

terference of this Committee.-- 6th. The alteration in the regulations of the Commis- | Committee had likewise obtained, in the last sioners of the Customs. dly. The next session of Parliament, an exemption from the subject which had been submitted to the l payment of the duties (usually called dock consideration of the Committee, was the dues) imposed on all ships entering inwards claim recently set up by the Trustees of | or clearing outwards from the port of LonRamsgate Harbour for payment of the har- don in ballast, by the Act for the Improve bour dues on colliers returning in ballast | ment of the Port of London, which, with coastwise, and from Guernsey or Jersey : | the fees, &c. amounted to upwards of £4,000 and the Committee bad, at the request of per annum. In addition to the objects,

before slated, many other matters had been sion, he must go through a tedious and la. incidentally submitted to the consideration borious course of mathematics and fortificaof the Committee, who had not been in- tion, le must be thoroughly acquainted mindful either of the peculiar situation of with the French language, with drawing, many Ship Owners, whose masters had in fencing, and every liberal art that adorns adyertently lost or mislaid their Mediterra- the gentleman, and forms the true military peab passes; or the many inconveniences | character. With all these qualifications, which had arisen from several of the regu- , and uniting a perfect knowledge of infantry lations adopted at the West-India Docki, movements with his own professional skill, but which, from the explanations recently the artillery officer when he arrives to the given by the directors, they were led to be- | rank of second colonel, about thirty years lieve will be in future avoided. -- The experience and service, in nearly the prime Committee flattered themselves, that the of his age, and with all his faculties in full shipping interest of the country will be most vigour, is thrown aside as useless, and incamaterially benefited by the permanent esta pable of further duty. The rank of colonel blishment of the society ; its principal ob of a battalion is a decided death-blow to his ject being to give effect to the old maliline military hopes; and, when in other counprinciples of the country, and the establish tries, generals who have been brought up 10 ments which have arisen out of them. The the study of artillery and engineering, are Connittee have not thought it necessary to preferred in consequence of their scientific notice particularly the various papers and skill; here, when that rank is obtained, it documents which they had printed relative | obliges the possessor to put on a brown coat, to the Tonnage Duty; but beg leave to refer a round hat, and to sit down the remainder to thein, and again to declare, “ that their of his days as well as the disappointment of “ investigation of the several subjects which his dearest bopes will allow him.- I am, " had been submitted to their consideration | Sir, yours, &c.--MILES. “ since the establishment of the Society, “ had been conducted with the greatest

SIC ITUR AD ASTRA. “ impartiality, and that they had not been

| MR. COBBETT,-1, who now address you " on any occasion influenced by private from the Oxford Coffee-house, Strand, have “ views or party feeling; and, that their been settled for some years on a college " anxiety to give permanency to the esta. | living, about pinety miles west of the me. " blishment of the Sociely, arises from no tropolis, where I keep constant and canoni. " other motive than a due sense of justice cal residence, except that I generally con" to their country and in themselves-a trive an elopement to town for a week or “ high sentiment of the national inport two in the spring, to take my seat very so

auce of the shipping ioterest, and the re- / berly at a concert or an oratorio. I can do " membrance that to it is to be attributed this without much difficulty, as being, to my

the glory and greatness of ihe British Em misfortune, an old bachelor; but I have a « pire." ---- Resolved unanimously, That the friend, the incumbent of a parish adjacent Report of the Committee be confirmed. to mine, who, amidst the cares and picasures

of domestic life, has been for these fifteen ør ARTILLERY OFFICERS.

twenty years, rivetted to his little abode in Sir, — In the numberless letters inserted the country--which he would not have in your Register, there has no been the quitted now, but that he found it impossislightest notice taken of the Ordnance. The ble to obtain, otherwise than at the founartillery which forms so important a part of tain head, a satisfactory answer to some the interior strength of the empire lies, I queries he had to submit to the Commisknow not why, completely in the back sioners under the Property Act, respecting a ground, compared to the high estimation sum of money which he holds in the funds, oiher countries hold theirs in. It surely parily for himself, and parily in trust for ought to be a matter of regret, that an ar: others. The case, which is by no means intillery officer in our service, afier devoting tricate or complicated, might possibly inthe early part of his life to the study of his terest your readers, were I io give them an profession, should, when he attains a perfect abridgment of it. I think I might comknowledge of it, be thrown aside. Yet, ex press ihe question into six or eight columns cept in some very rare iostances, the fact is of your next Register-Extraordinary, if you strictly true. A young genileman after re would grant me the privilege of your smallceiving a classical education, is entered a | est type. Well, Sir, at my worihy friend's Cadet at Woolwich Academy, about the age request, I agreed that we should come 10 of fourteen; before he receives his commis | London as tellow-travellers. I anticipated

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