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who was attending the drill, then took a file should be made in order to obtain the release of men, seized the offender, and lodged of their comrade. In the evening of the him in a store-house not far off; but, when same day, a body of the volunteers, about the drill was over, the men went in a body 400 in number, suddenly assembled, in their to the store-house, and swore they would regimentals, and with side arms, marched instantly pull it down, unless their comrade immediately to the Northgate, and demand. was released. This had its desired effect; ed the man, who had been lodged there by and bus ended this instance of volunteer do the press-gang. On receiving a refusal, cility! No wonder that Mr. Pitt, if it be they were proceeding to attack the jail, when really true i hat be meatis to rival Buonaparté one of their officers, Major Wilmot, (a genin arms, should wi-h for a “ more efficient tleman who had served long in the regulars) " code" for the government of his legions. | came up, in his regimentals, and, after urgWhether the measures which hc proposed, | ing them in vain to desist, declared, that he at the opening of parliament,, would be ade would put the first of them to death that at. quate to the object, the public may, proba tempted to force the jail; upon which he bly, be able to form some judgment, when was inmediately seized by the volunteers, they are told, that the battalion, in which who pinnioned bis arms, some of them callthis most impudent and mutinous conduct ing out, at the same time, “ down with took place, has at its head a Field Officer from « him !" and others “ break his sword over the regular service! Who can behold all « his head !" By the assistance of some · this without Thinking of the effect, which friends, he was rescued from them unhurt.

it is calculated to produce on the minds of They then turned their fury against the jail, · the army? And here we see the evil of the windows of which they first forced in, dressing the voluntcers in regimentals; this and then the door; upon which the jailor, in gives them the appearance of soldiers; and, order to secure the rest of the prisoners, gave when they are perceived to be disobedient, op the man in question, who, by his rescuers to absent ihemselves, 10 abuse their officers, was chaired through all the principal streets and to mutiny by whole corps, what ground of the ci'y, amidst shouts of exaltation and h've we to hope, ihat the arn:y will not triumph! The naval reodezvous house follow their example? Yes, we have ground, was the next object of attack. At their apand, I trust, ground that will never fail us ; proach the press-gang retired; but, leaving The excellent character, the high spirii, the their colours, ibe volunteers tore them from true soldier-like pride of the army, that their staff, and dragged them in the kennel, pride which must necessarily make the sol. | afier having destroyed the windows, doors, diers look with contempt on the scenes of &c. of the house! Lieutenant Colonel disorder, disobedience, and confusion, which Cuyler, the Inspecting Field Officer of the ihey, but too ofien, witness amongst the volunteers in the district, sent to and called volunteers. What a lamentable state! Upon, the mayor and magistrates to use tbeir What a melancholy reflection! That, to authority; but, what were they to do against the zeal, the patriotism, the loyalty, to all such a number of armed men? All they the public virtues of the people, such a di- | could do, was what they did, to wit, to rection should have been given, as to make send a very civil note to Lieutenant Burchell, even themselves hope, that the army will learnestly requesting him to take his gang not be injured by their example !--But, out of Chester, as it was not in the power of ibe most alarming symptom of all is, that, in the magistrates to afford then protection several instances, particularly in the one I against the volunteers, 'till troops should aram now about to mention, the effects of the rive in the city. The magistrates, at the volunteer system has been, an open and same time, sent off an express to His Royal daring defiance of the laws and ibe magistracy. | Highness Prince Willian of Gloucester, At Chester, on the morning of the 281h who commands the district, stating that the of December, a press gang, stationed in | safety of the city could not be answered for, that city, took up a seaman, who proved unless he sent a strong detachment of troops; to belong to the Chester Volunteer Infan- in consequence of which application, four try; and, in consequence of the threats companies of the Shropshire Supplementary of some of ihe corps to rescue him, he was Militia were inmediately marched in' from lodged in the Northgaie jail. The volun- | Liverpool, and, at the end of some days, teers, soon after, paraded for exercise, and peace was restored. And, is it already on their parade repeated iheir ihrcats of res- come to this? Is this the sort of force which cue, for which they were reprimanded by | is to enable us " to hurl back the threats of the commanding officer ; but were, at the the enemy?" Are these the troops, whose same time, assured; that every proper effort gay and lofty plumes, in Hyde Park, so completely eclipsed the poor regular army | the volunteer-corps, will, if not speedily and the militia ? Are these the heroes, who reduced in numbers, and if the system be received the thanks of the House of Com not radically revised, obtain over all ibe legal mons? Are these the Knights whose ban authority in the state. If I am told, that Ders are wrought by the hands of Royal la- | the King's ministers are, by the Act of Pardies, and presented by Majesty itself? liament, empowered to disband any volun.

Nothing, that we hear of, has yet been teer-corps thus misbehaving, I ask, dare done to the Chester volunteers; and, in. they, and will they, exercise this power? deed, so timid, so fearful, are the public, as If not, it is worse than no power at all, bewell as the government, as to all malters, I cause their forbearing to use it, under such wherein the volunteers are concerned, that circumstances, discovers the extent of ibir po mention of this alarming transaction has fears. Am I reminded, that m«n, by beeven found its way into the London prints, coming volunteers, obtain no, exemption which, had such an act of violence, such a from the effects of the law! My answer daring outrage on the laws of the land, been is, show me what has been done to the vocomınilted by a regular regiment, would lunteers who broke open the jail at Chester; have stunned the nation with their out-cries, who demolished a house, dragged the King's with their demands of justice upon the colours in the kennel, and who rescued a heads of the offenders *.' I shall not at man from the King's officers and the King's tempt here to point out all the conse-l prison ; show me what has been done to quences, which are likely to result from the those volunteers ; show me, that they have example of successful opposition to the law, been dealt with as men not being voluntrers set by the Chester volunteers, but I cannot | would have been dealt with, in a similar refrain from expressing my fears, that, as | case, or blame me not for regarding the the news of it shall reach the several sea- | Northgate of Chester as another Bastik, ports, particularly the collier towns, the vo- and blame me pot, if my anxiety for my lunteer corps will become very convenient King and country makes me fear, that, if asylums for all those seamen, who happen the ministry yield to the volunteers in this to be in port, and who wish to have an in- instance, the historian, after describing the fallible protection against press-warrants; riot and rescue at Chester, will have to add, so that, the volunteer systein, the intention here the revolution of England began.' of which was to increase the force of the " Short follies are best," was the title of country in a degree far beyond what it an appeal to the French government and could have been made to amount to by any people, in an early stage of those mad proother means, this ill-contrived, worse-di | ceedings, which, contrary to the expecta. gested, and still worse-conducted system, tions and in opposition to the wishes of evert will, after having starved the militia, the those who were concerned in them, finally army of reserve and the regulars, extend demolished the monarchy and deluged the its impoverishing and enervating influence country with blood. Here, too, "short to the fleet, and that, too, at a moment, when “ follies are best." The volunteer system every possible exertion is wanted to pro. | is not made for this country : it is fraught vide for the demands of that most important with mischief: it must be done away, or branch of our defence. But, the great dan radically changed : the preservation of our ger, the danger, which, in my opinion, swal Sovereiga's throne and of our own liberties lows up every othet, is, thé irioniph, which depends upon measures bcing speedily adoptI think, and which I tremble to think, ed for this purpose. There is yet time; buit,

how long that time will last, no man caa • It is truly astonishing how carelully facts re- | tell. lative to volnateer quarrels are kept from the pub

WM. COBBETT. ke. There has beea, for weeks past, a most violent dispute going on in the St. Pancras regiment. Yet the very first we see of it in print, appears

TO THE EDITOR. this very day, in the following words: “We feel "pleasure in being able to state, that the existing 1 [In inserting the following letter, which, * difference between the Colonel and Committee of the " St. Pancras regiment of Loyal Volunteers are

it seems, has already been published in ano" like to be amicably adjusted."--Mark this.

ther print, I think it proper to observe, that Here is the Comarillie at work again. Yet Mr. Hiley Addington asserted, that the corps mentioned by

I coincide with the author, in all the senii. Mr. Wiadham, was a solitary instance!"-See Mr. Windham's admirable Speech, at full length, on

ments, which he has here expressed. I have the subject of Volunteer Committees, in the 6th always disapproved of “the Society for the Number of Cobbelt's Parliamentary Debates, which is just published,

“ Suppression of Vice," which is, in fact, an

inquisition self-created and totally unknown perse themselves every where, scour all the to the laws and usages of the realm. I see

| streets, inspect the ale-houses, detect all

dancers (hops among the low, routs among the names of many respectable persons the high), carry on eteroal hostility with all amongst the members and supporters of this kinds of amusement in which the interior club; but, I am fully persuaded, that the

rai ks of society are so insolent as lo induige.

Far be it froni nie to justify vice, either in foundation of it is puritanical, and I am

high or low, but I am inclined to think that sure, that, in its consequences, it is fraught the law itself goes out of its province if it with mischief. Nevertheless, I am sincerely

attempts to regulate the private lives of the

subject, and to punish men for what is disposed to hear, and to communicate to my

commonly called vice. I am sure, au deast, readers, all that can be urged in behalf of that if an inquisition of law were to be in. this novel institution ; and, therefore, I instituted to make every man chasie, sober,

and godly, I knw not in what horrible tyvite a defence of it, which, if not much

ranny it would end. If bis Society for the more than iwice as long as the letter here Suppression of Vice go on, they will give the inserted, and coming to me from a member

laws that co exist in these poinis an exten

sion, and a force which it never was intend. of the society, shall appear as soon as possi

ed ihey should have, and which must give ble afier it is received W.C.)

rise to intolerable vexation. A man dart not take a pint of perter on a Sunday, but

straight the publican is carried to Bow Sir,- In reading the papers I frequently

Street, by sonie miscreant in the pay of this observe, among the proceedings of the Po

society. I say nothing of the private life of lice Offices, accounts of prosecutions insti

individuals being at the mercy of such contuted by por ons styling them.selves a Society |

servators of public morals. Not long ago, for the Suppression of Vice. A Society for

in consequence of the officious and pertinathe Suppression of Vice has a captivating | cious meddling of this society, the character sound, and I have no doubt that the mem-1 (ihe vice it may be said) of a gentleman, bers of it (of whom I do not know one indi- was nearly exposed to the whole town, in vidual) are decent, virtuous characters, who, l a foolish investigation about the stealing of with the honest matron in Prior's tale,

a child. I protest that, had I been in that Think the nation ne'er will thrive

gentleman's situation, I should have cydTill all the whores are burnt alive.

gelled my tormentor, could I have singled Readily admitting, therefore, that the him out, in a most exemplary manner, for members of the Society for the Suppression, his impertinence. But there is anober of Vice are neither whoremongers, adulter- view' in which this society may do much ers, nor even such as the poblican whom mischief, while I am satisfied that they nethey lately brought to Bow Street, I beg ver can do any good. They, in fact, keep leave to say, that I entertain great doubts of a seminary for rearing up a set of the most the mility of such a society. I am very | abaud uuedscouid:els that can insest society, much afraid ibat it either bas begun, or will nanuely, informers by trade. It is impossiend, in that sort of spiritual pride which so ble ibat any but the wost idle, dissolute, and often has compelled men cbaritably to per- 1 sbameles , can engage in the occupation of secute their neighbours for not being so coa mon iniormers, and of discovering the pious and so godly as themselves. It is l game which the scciety are determined to wonderful, Sir, how the love of power dis hunt down. These vagabonds, protected guises itself. Those who by hook or crook | by the authority of this puritanical institucan contrire to make others do what they tion, bave it in their power to give trouble otherwise would not do, or forbear to do to many persons to whom they have ill-will, what they otherwise would do, inmediately and who sumetimes would rather pay a good. feel theniselves elevated into an important sum of mon y, tl.an have their vices exposed. character. The beadle of a parish is a most Pesides, these informers, will either make or arbitrary sovereign arrog beggars and other | find business for themselves and for their paltry delinquents within lis jurisdiction. | employ rs. They will wear apy 1h De When I first heard of the Sociery for the l against any body. Why, it is their vocation, Suppression of Vice, I thought that it bad and who can bianie them. But those who been a new sort of magisiracy erected in the establish and support such a trade in the state, a sort of commission for executing the state have not a liule to answer for. While office of grand beadle all over England such villains are thus regimented and paill. The runners and agents of his society dis- ( whosce lise niay be safe? whose wil may be

valid? whose honour may be sacred? whose |

TO THE EDITOR. domestic peace may be secure? This is doing a great deal of evil, and pray where is SIR, --The state of the commerce of the good that is to follow?--All wise the country is a subject, to which the publegislators have abstained from attempting | lic and the parliainent ought to be directed, forcibly to prosecute mauners, when they do i particularly as the Minister has, by his acnoi shew themselves in overt acts destruc- tions, shewn' so little regard for the presertire to the peace and order of the cominu. | vation of that a capital, credit and confi. nity. There are many things bad in them " dence," which, at the date of the peace selves, and criminal in foro conscientiæ, ot of Amiens, he thought proper to represent which a humao tribunal can take no cog. | as the triple pillar of our safety.--He nizance. These things are'of tbe resort not has, Sir, refused the loan of Exchequer of civil laws but of religion, and to call Bills, requested by the merchants of Liin the civil arm to correct thein, would verpool. He has turned a deaf ear to all multiply the business of police so much, and their representations, as well as to those call for the interference of government so that have been made to him by 'the Mer. ofien, that society would be intolerable, and chants of London, Bristol, Glasgow, and all distinction between vices and crimes | Newcastle, though the persons who joined would be lost. I have little doubt that l in these representations were numerous, this society originaies in the principles of and of the most wealthy and respectable Hudibras and Ralpho. Whether it be a bear class, and who, for the most part, not and fiddle, or any vulgar merry-making, being themselves in want of assistance, some people see in it ten thousand imaginary could only be influenced by a conviction of dangers to religion and virtue, and would the necessity and urgency of the case, and use the old ponderous argument of force to by the desire cf assisting the commercial suppress it. I do not say that this society interest at large at this most critical period. is one of the engines of the puritanical, me In the year 1793, events had occurred thodistical party, now so much on the in which threatened to produce effects as discrease, 1o get power among us, though I am astrous as are now anticipated; when on not w thout suspicion. They, in the opinion, a representation being made to Mr. Pilt, of many grave men, have made considerable he, with that manliness which characterized advances to an imperium in imperio, and if they | all his proceedings, brought forward the go on prospering as they have done, it will measure of a Loan to the Merchants be a good thing to enjoy sheir protection (though it was opposed by some persons of against their own agent, the Society for the eminence in the city), regardless of the Soppression of Vice, or indeed for any per Poensure of the envious and the dissuasion son whatever. This indirect way of govern- of the ignorant. The result was, as was ing is well calculated to gain converts and generally the result when that great Minissubjects; and it may lead to public usurpa- | ter acted from himself, that he had the sation, or at least to a' confederation incon. tisfaction of finding, he had conferred a most sistent with all good government. The ex essential service on the kingdom at large, ercise of such a functiin, cloaked over with by supporting the credit of the merchants, the pretence of zeal for religion and godli and promoting our manufactures, and this ness, is highly gratifying to the mind.

too with a gain to the Treasury; for al. Sure' is an orthodox opinion,

though he saved many worthy families froin That grace is founded in dominion,

ruin, and although the Exchequer was not Grear piety consists in pride,

in the actual advance of a single shilling, To rule is to be sanctified !

yet there was a profil derived by governI am perfectly satisfied, therefore, that an ment, from the issue of Exchequer bills, of institution like that of the Society for the several thousand pounds. ---Whether Mr. Prosecution of Vice is a standing conspiracy | Addington refuses to adopt a similar plan, against the quiet and tranquillity of society; | in a case of similar, not to say greater that it may be a very dangerous errgine in emergency, that he may as much as possithe hands of The Paritans, to subdue and ble deviate from the steps of his great prepervert the lower orders, and ought to be decessor - whether he is apprehensive of discouraged by all wise and Tiberal .men. I provoking a discussion of the causes which Magistrates have it in their power to do 'I have conduced to the present and increasmuch, by setting themselves against all in- | ing embarrassment of the merchant.org formations produced by the perjured agents whether, by way of experiment, he preof the society. In doing so they will do fers to meet the storm rather than prevent their duty to the state. ---I am yours, &c. lit - whether he is deterred by the insinu.

ations of the ill-informed or ill-intentioned years subalterns. It is easy to foresee, that, advisers-or by what other motive he is | before they can possibly be field-officers, it iufluenced-certain it is, that he has pe. I will be time for them to retire from the remptorily rejected every solicitation, and service. If the pumber of field-officers turned a deaf ear to the strong, repeated, were increased, in proportion to that of and united remonstrances that have been other corps, there might be some chance of made. It therefore now only remains to young men looking forward, to obtain the wait the event, which I venture to predict rank of a field-officer, while they possessed will be as speedy as it will be calamitous strength of body, and a sufficient energy to this nation, and will afford to the enemy of mind, to enable them to discharge their far greater cause of exultation than (if the duty.--As the disadvantages the marine spirit of the country be not depressed by the corps labours. under are not generally apathy or inefficiency of his Majesty's Mi. known, I shall beg leave to point out a few nisters) they will ever derive from the suc- l of them : in the first place, the present es. cess of their arms. I say so in a commercial, tablishment is about twenty-two thousand. therefore in a financial view, of this The number of field-officers attached to most serious and impending blow to our this are three colonels commandant, three real interests as a military and a trading colonels en second, twelve lieutenant-conation. As a sincere friend to my country, | lonels, and twelve majors. In all thirty,

sult. If our commerce fail, our manufac- the nearest the establishment of the matures must of course fail, and it requires rines, I believe is about nine thousand no powers of divination to affirm, that the strong. They are divided into nine battafailure of our revenue must be the fatallions, and have five field-officers to each. consequence. The Minister, therefore, is to. In all forty-five. Such a disproportion is judge, whether, at such an awful crisis, he at once a tonishing; and the effect proought to allow personal pique or pompous duced by it is, that in the one corps, the pride to supercede measures evidently cal officers are pretty generally disgusted, and culated for the particular benefit, if not Jament the day they entered into it; the the salvation, of the state. I am, Sir, others feel themselves happy in having your's, &c. *

R. N. succeeded in promotion, beyond their most

sanguine expectations.--Such is one of TO THE EDITOR..

the consequences, arising from a want of SIR, Having observed that the Lords a proper establishment of field-officers in of the Admiralty, have thought proper to

the marine. It is true a saving to governadvise his Majesty to put several officers of

ment arises from it; but if the spirit of a the royal Marines on the retired list, which

corps is to be broke, and all emulation without doubt their age and length of ser

crushed, from the paltry consideration of a vice fully entitled them to, I so far intirely

few hundred pounds, it is high time to reapprove of what they have done, as

| duce it altogether. I am astonished, that it younger officers will be brought forward,

hitherto has supported the character it has who will be more capable of discharging

so well deserved, under such numerous the duties of their profession, with satis.

disadvantages; a few more of which, Mr. faction to their own minds, and advantage

Cobbeti, I shall take the liberty to point to their country.--But, I sincerely bope,

1 out in a future letter. lam, &c. their lordships do not intend to stop here.

Jan. 8, 1804. There is no corps under the crown, whose services have been more conspicuous, and

INTELLIGENCE. whose utility is more generally acknowledged by the whole country, and truth

FOREIGN. -- New disturbances have calls on me to declare, that in my opinion,

broken out in Syria. When the celebrated

Dgezzar Pacha was appointed Pacha of Dano one has been more neglected. --The necessity of putting the heads of the corps

mascus, Abdallah, who was displaced to at present on the retirement, sufficiently

make room for him, put himself at the head shews the want of proper encouragement

of 15,000 men, and laid waste the whole being held out to the otticers. Many of the

counlry with fire and sword, in order to re

venge himself for the loss of his station as captains will only obtained that rank in

| Governor of Damascus. ninety-seven, have served twenty-four

The town of years, and were no less than seventeen

Alexandria, in Egypt, is reduced to the

greatest straits by the Beys, by whom it is liant of room prevents me from giving any

besieged. According to some accounts Ali opiniinon this subject.-EDITOR.

| Pacha, the Turkish Commander; bas con

R.T.

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