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Vol. V. No. 1:]
London, Saturday, 7th January, 1804.
: "As members of this Honse, we are obliged to represent to his Majesty our sentiments, with regard
“ to the persons he advises with or employs in the executive part of the government: if we neglect " to do so, or from selfish motives abscain or delay giving his Majes'y a proper information and ad. ." sice, we neglect or betray not only our duty to our country and constitucois, but also our duty
“ to our Sovereigo."--MR. SANDYS's Speech, in the House of Commons, Feb. 13, 1740.
had he observed a strict silence with respect ANALYTICAJ, AND COMPARATIVE VIEW, to the members of the New Opposition; had &c. &c.
he excluded their characters and their par
liamentary conduct entirely from the discusOf two Pampblets, lately published, the one sion, I certainly should not have been the man
to drag them into it. But, while he was reentitled, “ Cursory Remarks upon the State
minding his adversary, that “ no species of of Parties, during the Administration of “ falsehood is so certain of passing current Mr. Addington, by a Near OBSERVER;" " in the world as that which has some de.
“ gree of truth for its foundation," he ap. and the other entitled, “ A Plain Answer
pears not to have forgotten another maxim to the Misrepresentations and Calumnies equally true, that “no malice is so likely to contained in tbe Cursory Remarks of a Near “ succeed as that which assumes the garb of
“ friendship." He has introduced the memObbserver, by A More Accurate OB
bers of the New Opposition merely as crea, SERVER."
tures, or things, destined to the uses (soine(Continued from Vol. IV. P.917.) times not the most honourable) of Mr. Pilt:
here, they serve, like his own Cinque Port IV. The conduct of tbe New Opposition in
volunteers, to swell out his train, to be " set Parliament.
“ up upon a hill to make a show ;" there, With respect to this part of the subject, if he considers them as regulars, and marches the answer had been silent, I should not them on to meet the enemy: now, they are have thought it necessary to include it in my rolled before him in the capacity of a manteexamination ; for, the remarks, which the let to cover his sap ; then, they are piled up Near Observer has made on the parliamen
into a parapet of sand-bags. Whatever be tary conduct of those gentlemen, who com the character or form, in which they appear, pose what has been called the New Opposi. | for Mr. Pitt's purposes, and for those purtion, always appeared to me to be so weak, poses alone, do they seem to be employed; and, indeed, so evidently absurd, as not to and, when these purposes do not require that stand in need of ao exposure. But, when a they should be defended, so far is the Accuwork, written with some talent, and, to all | rate Observer from attempting their defence, appearance, coming from authority, pro- that he otten tacitly admits the jostice of the fesses to be an answer to another work, it is censure, sometimes joios in, and improves very natural to conclude, that wbalever is lelt upon, the misrepresentations, and, in one or Doi answered, is unanswerable. Therefore, as two instances, adds to that calumny, which, ibe pamphlet of the Accurate Observer is agreeably to his professions, it was his duty entitled “ a plain Answer to the Misrepresen- | to endeavour to refute. So that, in this part “ tations and calumnies of the Cursory Re of my task, I shall have to answer both Mr. " marks of a Near Observer," the author will, Bentley and Mr. LONG, who, though they it is reasonable to suppose, be, by his readers have, like Peachum and Lockit, throttled, and in general, regarded as having, to the best of would willingly strangle each other, can so his knowledge and abilities, answered the far master their mutual hatred, as to co-opewhole of those misrepresentations and calum rate most cordially against the members of nits; and, as he has, in reality, attenipted to the New Opposition. The Near Observer 20swer only that part of them which bear has introduced seven of these gentlemen, upon the character and conduct of his prin- | namely, Lord Temple, Mr. Grenville, Dr. cipal; as this course (a course by no means Laurence, Mr. Elliot, Mr. Canning, Lord cither generous or just) has been pursued by Grenville, and Mr. Windham; only the three the partisans of Mr. Pitt, it seems necessary latter of whom have been at all noticed by that his omissions should be supplied. Yet, ! the Accurate Obseryer. How he bas noticed them we shall see by-and-by; but, | less train of hungry relations, have already first, it is necessary to speak of those whom possessed themselves of three times as much he has omitted.
of the public wealıb as the Grenvilles ever Lord Temple is charged, by the Near Oh enjoyed; besides having debased the chaserver, with demanding places for his fa- racter and enfeebled the power of the gomily: " Lord Temple demands places for | vernment, by filling the public offices with “ his family (insatiable family!) and his fa persons, whom the people must despise, and " 'mily insist upon vaming the King's mi towards the supporting of whom in upstart
nisters." It was, surely, the duty of a idleness and insolence, they cannot and they writer, who professed 10 answer the whole will not chearfully contribute. of the Cursory Remarks, to contradict this Mr.Grenville and Dr. Laurence are accused, folse and malicious assertion; or, if it was by the Near Observer, of having cried incesregarded as a falsehood too barefaced to me santly for war, till war became evidently inevirit a serious contradiction, it was his duty to table, and then, of having " turned suddenly potice it as such, especially a; he must have “ as the wind.”— The passage of the Curbeen aware, that the falsehood, though bare sory Remarks, which I here allude to, is faced and base, was by no means one of those as follows:-" Mr. Thomas Grenville dewh ch the Addingtons valued the least. But, 1 • clared, that there was no man more ready We uniformly find this writer ready to sacri “ or more eager to vote for the address," (on fics any and every other person to the por- the King's Message of the sub o: March), poses of Mr. Pitt. ---The Near Observer, ' “ especially if it should be likely to procure in bringing his charge against Lord Temple, " pence and tranquillity; and, Dctor Lauhas omitted the where and the wben; but, “ rence professed his wishes were for he, no doubt, alludes to the debate of the "o peace!!!' He expected it should be 24th of November, when his lordship made | " proved, that the war, if it must now be Use of expressions, which were, by Mr. She- “ renewed, was indispensably necessary to ridan, tortured into a demand of places for “ the safety and honour of the Empire !!!" his fimily, but which neither contained nor ---If these expressions, ihese exact words, would bear any such meaning. The New had been made use of by Mr. Grenville Opposition bad, in the course of the debate, and Dr. Laurence, what inconsistency would been accused of wishing for war, at any they have discovered ? These two gentletate, in preference to peace, on any terms; men objected to the peace of Amiens for g charge, the both of which Lord Temple | several reasons: but a principal reason w denied. “The object of our arguments is," that it gave us so small a hope of lasting said he: “ to open ihe minds of the people peace and Iranquillity; and, the address * to their danger; to show them into what which, on the 13th of May, 1802, both of şi hands their country has falleu ; and, to them voted for, advised bis Majesty to adopt “ conviner them, that, while it remains in such measures as inight tend to render du“ such bands, there is no hope of success in rable the tranquillity, which he had, by so Fr war, nor of honour and security in peace. many sacritices, graciously intended to re".... Much renains to be done; and, store to his people. Would it, therefore, “ in other bands, much may be done, not by have been turning like the wind, if the " engaging in a hazardous war, but by real same persons, who, from such motives, “ firmness." ---These are the expressions, vored for that address, had, from the same which the Addingtons and Bragges have niotives, supported the address in answer construed into a demand of places for the to the King's Message of the 8th of March, Grenviile tamily; into a claim, on the part | 1803 ? ----But, during the debate in quesof that family, to name the ministers of the | tion, neither Mr. Grenville nor Dr. LauKing! The Accurate Observer, who under- | rence expressed any wisb either for peace takes to answer misrepresentations and ca or war. Their opponents in doors, and the lumnies, ought, one would think, not to have vulgar without doors, anticipated much passed over this part of his opponents re triumpb, on their part, at the prospect of marks. Nor, would it have been a depar | seeing a speedy end to that peace, which ture from his office, if, in answer to the ex they had so strongly and so justly reproclamation of, “ insatiable family!" as ap- | baled. But, they were careful to discover plied to the Grenvilles, he had given his no such triumph, and to remind their hearseaders some account of the great merits, ofers, that the principles, on which they had he talents, the integrity, the long and emi. condemned the peace, had never warranted jient services of that family. And, having their adversaries in representing them as been forced upon this subject, he night and bent upon war. Mr. Grenville said, that ought to have shown, that the Addiogtons (1 “ he should chearfully yote for the address, will not call them a family, and their end... ::
“ which he wished to see carried with per- ," opinion, but that he had even conde« fect unanimity, because it wouid thereby “ scended to become the official instrument “ be the more likely to convince the world " and organ of measures which he disap" that we were able and willing to defend « proved and condemned. It always re" our rights, which conviction was the “ mained, however, to be accounted for, " means best calculated to produce a stare “ boil by this Right Honourable Gentle" of real peace and tranquillity." Was ibis " man and Mr. Elliot, why they felt thenturning about? Was this "shifting sud-1" selvés more obliged to declare their op. " denly like a sail?"->Dr. Laurence " position at one time than at another; why stated his wish to obtain some information
“ ibey could submit their docile consciences as to the grounds of the war; and trusted, “ to the hand of Mr. Pitt, and shew such a " that, when those grounds came to be pub. “ restive spirit of muuny under the guid" licly known, they would be foun. suffi- ' ance of his successor !!! It will be said, " cient to convince the world of the justice that they were in office at one time, and " of our cause." He further observed, that, u out of it the other ; but, if this is an ex"as to the desire, which he and his friends, “ cuse, it follows, ihat to be neutral in " had been accused of entertaining to " things you disapprove, is less blan eable " plunge the nation in war, it never had “ than to be active in them; and that you " existed for a moment; and, that one of “ may originate measures you condemn, " the reasons why he disliked the peace 6 but not suffer others to promote them, “ was, that it evidently, directly, and ra. « afterwards." Here are misrepresenta6 pidly tended towards the event, which tions and calumnies, an answer to which one “ had so soon arrived." Was this shift- | might have reasonably expected from an ing suddenly about? And, with such means 'Answerer, who assumes an appellation des at hand, was the defence of Mr. Grenville scriptive of great accuracy of observation. and Dr. Laurence a task too laborious and But, no: the defender of Mr. Pitt coold, in too difficult for the Accurate Observer. the present instance, find no materials
Mr. Elliot also is charged by the Adding whereon to work ! which is the more surtons with sbifiing suddenly about upon this prising as, in hunting through the parliaoccasion, and, together with Mr. Windham, mentary debates for facts wherewith to rewith having opposed the Irish militia law, but the accusations against Mr. Pitt, he must for the purpose of embarrassing the minis- have seen the speech, which Mr. Elliot ters, in their warlike preparations. “Bosh made, at the time, in answer to these very " these gentlemen," says the Near Obser- | misrepresentations and calumnies ; fur, ihey ver, “ were now discovered to be adver: c are, afier all, a mere rechauffée of a dih, " to the system and principle of militia and a most disgusting one too, which had " forces altogether, an opinion which did originally been served up from the Treasury "Dot so much surprise the admirers of the Bench. The debate, alluded io, was on " constitution and of that constitutional the bill, passed last March, for granting a " force, upon any other ground, as because bounty of four guineas a man to such men as " in their official situations, they had se were willing to serve as militia-men in Ire. " verally appeared ite most zealous advo land. To talk of the “ constitution" and of " cales and promoters of this species of " constitutional force," in such a case ; to " army. Mr. Elliot, who now opposed re- call men raised by bounty, militia-men, re. “ cruiting the Irish militia at four guineas quires no small porsion of even that assur" per man, was reminded by the Attorney ance, with which the Addingtons are so-su“ General for Ireland, that he himself (Mr. per-abundantly gifted. But Mr. Elliot's “ Elliot) had brought in a bill for recruit speech is so full and satisfactory as to every “ing it at six guineas; and Mr. Windham point, its sentiments bave been so fully veW was put in mind that during the time he rified in the time which has already elapsed, " had been in office, the militia in England and it contains such an useful lesson for the " had been augmented to an unprecedent- | future, that I shall cite it almost entire. "ed degree, and the militia of Scotland “ He had,” he said, “ 'no objection to the " and Ireland instituted and begin!! Thus " adoption of the principle of a militia in " it appeared, that it was not solely in the 1“ Ireland. On the contrary, he had sug. " instance of the negotiations at Lisle, but “ gested the expediency of making the ex“ in great general measures of domestic “ periment by the establishment of a force " import, executive government and legis [ « of that description: a very moderate " lation, that the manly, consistent Mr. “ number; five or six thousand for exam« Windham, had not only lent his name, | " ple. He was, however, told from the " countenance, and authority against his “ bench opposite to him, that, if a militia “ in Ireland were to be formed by ballot, " war, so much of the population of the “ there would be so many substitutes, and “ kingdom had been locked up in defen• at such large bounties, that the general - sive corps, that the recruiting service was ós recruiting service would be niore impeded “ so entirely suspended, that it was found " by that mode than by the restricted boun. “ necessary to dissolve a considerable pro« ties specified in the bill before the House. “ portion of the local force to supply the " This, he adınirted; was an argument of “ alarming deficiency of the regular army. “ great weight, but it amounted io á decla “ The expedient was certainly not to be “ ration that it was impracticable in Ireland « justifiad on any principle, but the urgency “ to obtain a militia upon the genuine “ of the occasion. The emergency, bow" principle of a militia, which he could not “ ever, was pressing, and he felt that every “ help considering as a decisive objection « tribute of public gratitude and applause “ against the institution. Accordingly, by " was due both to the energy of the coun. " the present bill, the principle of a mililia « cils which devised the measure, and to “6 was abandoned; for it proposed to raise " the patriotism of the officers who gave " 18,000 men, not by ballot, but by bounty. | " their co-operation to it. But he believed « This force, therefore, had no other affini “ it would not be proposed to adopt it as a 6 ty to a militia than that it was to be rais- “ general system of recruiting. He was " ed in counties, and was to be commanded. “ persuaded such a system would not be " by officers nominally militia colonels. Ito avowed. If indeed it was understood, " would be strictly an establishment of " that the colonels of militia were ready “ fencibles. What were fencibles but corps “ to lend their regiments to the recruit“ raised within particular districts, and offi. « ing of the line, it might in a certain de. “ cered by gentlemen of landed property “ gree diminish his objections to the present “ connected with such districts? The force, “ measure, though he could by no means " therefore, proposed to be raised, would be “ bring himself to think, that a systematic 6 in principle nothing but a fencible esta “ application of the militia to the recruiting " blishment of the worst species, because w of the line would be a judiciouscourse of “ formed on such terms of service as would " proceeding. However, he should not “ confine it entirely to Ireland. If it was ab " then take up the time of the House by “ solutely necessary, as some gentlemen had " enlarging on that subject, since he was 66 alleged, that a force of such numbers “ conficient such a system would not be as. " should be raised on the spur of the occa " serted as practicable. Mr. Elliot next “ sion, in order to co-operate wiih the re " adverted to a remark which had been " gular arny, why not raise a fencible force “ made by his right hon. and learned friend " ou a more enlarged fuoting of service, ap " the Aliorney General of Ireland, and " plicable, for instance, to Great-Britain and " which he could not notice without some "Ireland? At the same time he acknow. « apology to the House, as it had little re“ ledged he felt almost insurmountable ob. “ lation to the merits of the present ques. " jections to that description of force ; be “ tion, being entirely an argumentum ad ho“ cause it tended to produce a most injuri. "i minem. His learned friend had stated, " ous competition of bounties between the “ that Ire (Mr. Elliot) had expressed no dis“ home and regular service; and if we “ approbation of laws of a similar tenden" adopted it, we should be compelled (as “cy while he sat in the parliament of Ire6 we were in the late war), to raise the
46 land. It was true that, while he was in “ bouniy for the line io an amount which " that parliament, one or two acts passed, " would not only render our army so bur " authorising a levy of volunteers by boun" theosome in point of expense, that the a ty in augmentation of the militia. He “ pecuniary means of the country would | " had, however, always entertained consis “ scarcely be adequate to sustain it, but • derable prepossessions against that sys" which was also calculated to produce, in " tem of military policy, and experience “ other points of view, ihe most prejudicial “had confirmed them. But bis learned • effects on the service. It bad been ob a friend had really spoken, as if he (Mr. o served, in the course of the debale, ibat " Elliot) had been a principal instrument in " in the late war the militia had been most “ forming the militia of Ireland. Now the 66 successfully applied to the recruiting of | 6 fact was, that he was appointed to the " the regular army. He was glad that 16 war-office in Ireland in the summer of vs measure had been mentioned, because he 1.5 1796, at which period the militia had " should have selected it as a complete il 1 * been raised between two and three of lustration of the truth of the argument he years, and he found it.armed, arrayed, " was stating. In the course of the late and encamped.' What did his learned
“ friend conceive he should have done in " parliament or from the people. In oruer “ such circumstances? Did he mean to “ io apportion our efforts to the emergen“suggest that he ought, from his place in “ cies of our situation, we ought to know “ parliament, to have proposed the dissolu “ the full measure of our peril. In the “ tion of the establishment in the midst of " event of a fresh contest the country ouglt “ war? That he believed would not have 6 to be prepared for great and trying sa“ been thought a very safe or well-timed « crifices. He had never represented war “ measure, But the case was now wide “ otherwise than as a great calamity, but “ ly different. On the conclusion of the “ he had stated, and he retained the opi6 late war, the militia establishment of Ire- « nion, that it might prove a less danger" land was disbanded, not disembodied, 6 ous, and certainly a more honourable pre" but actually dissolved; and the question “ dicament, than a perseverance in a series “ before the House was, whether the in " of submissive councils. If the country 66 stitution was to be revived in a shape " was roused to a full sense of the peril of “ calculated, at a most critical conjuncture, " its situation, and was made to understand “ to cut up the general recruiting service " the real ground and principle of the con* by the very root. He could not conclude " test, (for he earnestly deprecated the in“ without making an observation on what “ jurious policy of sliding the nation into a “ had fallen from the Secretary at War, “ war in darkness and obscurity,) he was “ who had imputed to him, that, afier 66 persuaded that we should find in the pec“ having sounded an alarm through the “ ple that prudent, courageous, persever“ country, he was now throwing obstruc- “ ing, patient, fortitude, which had carried * tions in the way of the public service. He “this country through many arduous and “ must remark, that it did not very well be- " painful struggles. He was convinced "come the right honourable gentle man to " That, with an adequate impression of our " reproach him with alarms, just at the “ danger, and a due consciousness of the “ conjuncture when his Majesty's ninis or justice and soundness of our cause, wc " ters, though rather late to be sure, began “ should, with one united effort resolve, « to participate in those alarms. He how " either successfully to support the ancient " ever, avowed the intention of giving the “ fabric of our laws, rights, liberties, and “ alarm upon the present bill. He was as independence, or to perish under the “ most anxious to impress parliament with si ruins of an edifice, which do ingenuons “ a full sense of its dangerous tendency; “ or rational mind could be anxious to sur“ for, if there was a measure more calcu “ vive; for beyond it there was no retreat, “ lated than another, to prostrate this coun- ' " no reluge, no consolation. It was mat* try at the foot of a foreign foe, it was 66 ter of awful reflection, that if this country “ surely that which, in the present perilous " fell, the last asylum of the civilized worl! “ crisis, should contribute to the annihila- | 66 was gone. These were the reasons which “tion of the recruiting means of the em- | os induced him to wish that we should, as far * pire. It had been insinuated both against " as we were able, preserve the means of “ his right honourable friend (Mr. Wind " the nation collected and unimpaired. It " ham) and himself, that they were now 6 was a painful task to him to object to any “ endeavouring to cast a damp upon the “ arrangement connected with the defer.ce "ardour of the country. This was cer 66 and security of the country; but he did “ tainly a new charge against his right ho not make an exaggerated statement or “ nourable friend and hiinself. Neverthe “ his opinion, when he declared that, if a « less, it might be well 'founded. They 6 board of French general officers had sat 6 might have changed their conduct. He 6 for the purpose of devising the most ef“ trusted, however, they would be found “ fectual mode of sapping to their founda" consistent. He believed, there were no 66 tion the military strength and resources * two members of that House more desi 66 of this empire, they could not, in liis " rous of calling forth the mind and spirit " judgment, have contrived a measure bet" of the country than his right honourable 66 ter adapted to the accomplishment of “ friend and himself. But there might be that object, than the resolution contained " a difference of opinion in respect to the " in the report upon the table."- Not " best mode of accomplishing ihat object. | much more than three months after this " It was, he thought, a part of true wis speech was delivered, and before the Irish “ dom, as well as of genuine courage, to militia were half got together, every inte'" lock at the impending danger in its full ligent man from that country, not influenced “ extent. There was no piety in the de- | by a job, either in existence or in enbryo, ·lusion which covered it, either from the l nas jeady to declare openly, that, unles