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cused of having opposed this measure for cor- , revenue is reudered the means of raising low recting abuses. If they had opposed, as being persons, all at once, to a state of opulence 500 harsh, a bill, which the Lord Chancellor, that enables them to trample under-foot the even after all its modifications, described as | minor aristocracy and the church; and, in “ a most consummate act of tyranny,” there | many cases, torise over the nobility even of the certainly would not have been much room first class: no one will believe that that man for the present ministers to blaase their con- is a favourer of peculators and over-swola duct. But, the fact is otherwise ; for, during contractors. A contractor may, however, the whole progress of the bill, not one word be a very honest man, and may be employed was uttered in opposition 1o it, either by with great advantage to the public, so that, Lord Spencer, Lord Grenville, or Mr. Wind- | there appears no reason at all for reviling a hamp. Lord Folkestone objected to the bill man mr rely because he is a contractor, any altogether; but, upon what occasion, and on more than because he is a commissary or a what account was ihis objection made? The quarter-inasier general. And, as to the corDoctor had stated, that such a bill was in- l rectiog of abuses, there is moderation to be tended to be introduced by the late first lord used in that also. Where is here a concern, of the Admiralty, but that, the introduction or a business, cyen a single household, or was delayed till a time of peace, because, family of servants, where abuses do not exduring a war, it would have thrown the list ? Yer, wise men are, according to the Dock-yards, and, indeed, the whole naval | nature of the case, always cautious, in a system, into confusior, and would, possibly, I greater or less degree, in proceeding to the have produced a state nearly resembling that correctiou of such abuses. Like brother of dissolution. " Well, then," said his lord- Martin, they advance slowly in their work, ship, “ if this would have been the effect of picking out tbread by thread; and the fault " the execution of such a plan, I am against which such persons find in Lord Si. Vincent, " this bill altogether; for, unless I am very is, not that he has correcitd abuses, but thai, “ Inuch deceived, we shall be at war again in attempting to do it, he has, like the ober “ before its execution can scarcely have be. reforming brother of the celebrated taie, not “ gun; and, it is at the breaking out of a picked out the tags and tambouring, but bas, “ war, above all other times, that harmony by his furious, proceedings, ripped, rent, and.. “ in every department of the navy is neces- materially injured the garment itself.-Be“ sary to the welfare of the state.”, Was sides, when Lord St. Vincent and his friends this factious opposition? Was this, to en- | boast of their zeal in correcting and preventcourage and shelter abuses? Or, was it the ing abuses; when they again boast of the expression of an objection founded in reason | saving which the public experience from and verified now by experience? To this ob- such efforts, let them recollect Martinico. jection the Doctor answered, with that let them recollect, that, on account of the charming condescending smile wbich accome seizures of Americao ships inade in the bar panies all his wise sayings, “ shat he did not bour of St. Pierre, :he people of this country " know what should induce the noble lord have paid, first 75,000l. and afterwards more " to apprehend a speedy rupture of the than 300,0001. The first of these sums was peace, but that, at any rate, he was con- appropriated exclusively to that purpose; she “ fideuc the House did not parricipate in the second in great part; and, the whole expense, “ apprehensions." The Doctor was right; which will, in the end, amount to about the House reposed quietly on his pillow of 500,0001. was occasioned by his seizures at peace; it contided in him, and it was, as is that island, because it was that act which usual, in such cases, grossly deceived. That drove the Americans almost to declare war, there are, amongst those who complain of and which at last produced the concesions Lord St. Vincent, disappointed contractors on our part, concessions wbich have already and the adherents, of disappointed contrac: done unto England teo thousand times as tors, nobody denies, nobody doubts; but, is much harm as ever Lord St. Vincent did. it fair to presume, that every one who says it good. The writer of bis remembers well that the Admiralty has been remiss, is of this the effect wbich that seizure produced in description. And, does, the correspondent America; he heard the loud and deep.curses T. H. really think, that the Editor of this which it brought upon his country; bis per work is a likely person to give publi- was long, zealously, and not altogether incity to the clamours, of such people ? effectually, employed to assuage the resentNoj, no one will believe, that he man, | ment excited against England by ikat transacwho has, on every occasion, shown his ab. tion; and, when the recollection of it was, horrence of jobbers, and of jobbing, who in the minds of our friends is America, in Teprobates every measure by which the public some measure effaced by the bridiauf achieve:

ment that gave rise to the title of St. Vin- 1 country, from one end to the other, will be cent, he was amongst the foremost in extol- ! pluged into discontent and disorder. log that achieveinent; he, therefore, cane DOLLARS---This sort of "metallic monot very pariently hear himself charged wih ley," to use a phrase of Robespierre, is, it decrying Lord St. Vincent, merely because seems, to assume a new guise. An ingeLord St. Vincent is the enemy of peculators. nious person of Biriningham has, we are On account of the proceedings at Martinico, told, invented a means of effacing the Spanalso, an inquiry was moved tor in the Honse ish impressions, and of replacing them by of Commons; and, though Mr. Sheridan the Kiny's Iraid, on one side of the dollar, now declares, that this is the first time in and by the Arms of the Bank, on the other his life that he has opposed inquiry, the side. What arms the Bank may have ; or fact is, that he then opposed inqury, though, how it became entitled to any arms at all, or upon every other point, he was in opposition whether arms ought to be held in esteem tothe ministers.--Mr. Pitt's cose certainly was after having been so bestowed; are quesnot made ont. He took ihat sort of middle tions, which, if we had more leisure, it cuse, which ought not to succeed, and which would, perhaps, be worth while to discuss, did not succeed. The chief abject of his com- | At present we must conicnt ourselves with plaint was a want of gun-boats, or gun.brigs, l just niaking a remark or two on the effect of a subject on which he was not a competent giving this new character to “ metallic mo. judge, but which seems to have entered his ney". The difference between bank notes mind in company with that of thie volunteer and assignats, or Congress money, or any system, and which, therefore, he could not such like trash, consists in this, that the forforbear to dwell upon. That he was foully m:r is issued upon the responsibility of a pri. treated by the ministers, and was most | vate company, against whom the public has grossly niisrepresented in the reported recourse by means of the aid of government, speeches of Messrs. Tierney avd Sheridan is whose business it is to see that the bank certain; but, if these circumstances make | makes good its engagements; whereas, as. him perceive the injustice of treating others. signats and Congress money emanated from in the same way, they may prove no injury the respective governments themselves, and, either to his own reputation or to the deli of course, the public had no means of redress berations of Parliament.

against the issuer, in case of a failure to make VOLUNTEER SYSTEM.- The report of

good the engagement. Mr. Pitt, iu introthe bill to consolidate all the laws previously ducing the bauk restriction law, made the passed relative to this system, was brought goverument, in solne sort a partner with the on, in the House of Commons, on Monday,

bank company, of which partnership the new. the 19th instant. The Opposition contended stamped dollars, with the King's head upon that the bill contained so many imperfec one side and the arms of the book upon the tions, that it ought to be re-committed; the other, will be the visible sign-- There is, Ministers were for amending the bill in the it is said, to be, on one side, the words, House without a re•commitment; Mr. Pitt 1 " BANK DOLLAR: TAKEN. FOR FIVE was, as usual, half on one side and half on " SHILLINGS." It will also be a token of ike other ; he spoke for the Opposition and depreciation These dollars will soon be very voted with the Treasury, and, as his vote circe; for the paper will depreciate quite was worth more than his speech, the re- 1 fast enough to make a dollar equal in value commitment was rejected by a majority of to fire and sixpence worth of it by the 373 to 56.---So imperfect was the bill next month of March, if the war continues, found to be, however, that, on the 20th, no especially if the Doctor remains minister. less than eight new clauses, some of them of They will, however, be hoarded up, they great importance, were brought up, and will serve, in after years, as a kind of medal adopted, in addition to which a number of l to enumerate this eventful epoch; and, ilterations were made in the clauses, which when we show them to our sons, who are had already been inserted, and which had now in the cradle, we shall, it is to be hoped, been voted for by the Ministers theinselves. find some little difficulty in making them

On the 22d the bill was read a third comprehend the meaning of many terms, time; but upon the debate which then took which are now some of the most familiar in place, and upon the several provisions in the our financial vocubulary.

I FINANCE. - On the 21st instant, a conmay suffice, for the present, to observe, that versation took place, upon this subject, in if some of these provisions are suffered in the House of Commons, between Lord Folpass analtered by the House of Lords, the kestone, Mr. Vansittart, and the Doctor.

The Doctor, in a committe of supply, had | point upon which I have been at issue with proposed to the House to vote what he called the Doctor, ever since December, 1802, on the surplus of the way, and means of the last the zoth day of which month he estimated year, exhibiting, at the same time, an ac- the surplus of the consolidated fund for count, showing whence the said surplus was | 1903, at 7,845,000l. but, by way of superderived, and calculated to make the public abundant caution, limited his condent exbe jeve, that is arose from economy in the pectation to 6,500,oool. according to the naval department. Loril Folkestone obser statement of hi; speech, printed in a pamved, that the account was fallacious, be phlet from his own manuscript, p. 20. cause, in in the produce of the war taxes which was, I am credibly informed, transup to the end of last year was stated at / mitted, like George Rose's famous falla4,500.0001 whereas, in fact, those taxes cious pamphlet of 1799, to all our ministers had up to that time, produced no more and Consuls in foreign countries. This ihan 1.800,000 and some odd pounds; and, estimaie disputed. My readers will find because, though no acco:nt of the sur. | in the third voinme of this work, four letters plus of the consolidated fund for the last addre,sed to the Doctor ; see pagez 513, year had yet been rendered it was pru. 545, 577, and 609. At the close of the bable that it fell short of the 6,500,00cl. at 4th letter, p. 61.4, I espress niyself thus: which it was taken in the account. As to 6. To this point, Sir, I wish to hold you. the first point it was answered, that the “ You have asserted in the face of the produce of the war taxes was not estis " House of Commons, that the surplus of maled up to the close of the year ending " the consolidated fund will, during the with Deceniber, but up to the close of the “ present year and upon the present taxes, year ending in April !!!!!! Never, "amount to 6,500,000l. at least : I assert, surely, was there a ubiersuge like this! " that, if your account of last year be not Never, since men learned to put words into faise, the said surplus will amount to only sentences! The war taxes were estimated “ 4,974,654 1. or thereabouts. Here we in the Doctor's budget of the 13th of June “ ase at issue. Time only can decide bom last, and these were his words, " The tween us; but in the interim, I hope the comınittee, however, must be aware, “ parliament and the people will perceive, 46 that, though Pariiainent may determine " that the grounds of your estimate have 6 to raise 12,600,cool, of war-iaxes within « been proved to be false, and that they will " the year, jet a very considerable por “ view all your future estimates with thac « tion of this sumn cannot be raised within " degree of caution and distrust, which the " the present year. I will, therefore, only “ past are calculated to excite." My hopes 56 calculate upon the sum of 4,500,000l, to I were vain. The parliament and the people, " be produced by the war-taxes in this particularly the former, have continued just “ year.” Now, what was meant by the as quiet and as full of confidence as before. “ present year,," and “this year,” if not the They listened, on the 13th of June last, to year in which he was speaking ; the year a repetition of the Doctor's promisc 1803? Take, too, the internal evidence. 10 produce them a surplus of 6,500,0001. The whole year's taxes were to produce “ I took ibe surplus at ihatsum in Decem. 12,500,000l. and, making av allowance for | “ber last," said he, "and I see no reason to a deficiency in the first quarters, is it likely “ alter my opinion". Sapient financier! that he should reckon upon only 4, 500,oool. | The surplus of the consolidated fund is said, in three quarters of that year?' The suppo to amount to 5,600.0001. One hundred sition has absurdity written upon the face thousand less would have made a deficit of of it. The fact is, that they had recourse a million, and we have seen (Register Vol. to a barefaced shuffle. All the accounts III. p. 615) that the Treasury people can are made up to the end of the year. The make mistakes in their statements, when it very account, to which lord Folkestone re suits their convenience. In this instanco ferred; the account on which the Doctor's they were extremely desirous not to turn the motion was grounded, is entitled an account corner, but to keep out of millions, if posof grants " for the service of the year 1803;" sible, in their deficit. We must observe, and the present year has no more to do with too, that the full amount of the falling off it than the last year had. -The second cannot be known till we come to compare point, the surplus of the consolidated fund, the arrears and balances of last year with the afforded no hole to creep out of, They were arrears and balances of the year before. Ac obliged to confess, thai it had fallen short the close of the year 1802 chis amount was. of their expectations by the sum of 900,000l. very great; and, I am pretty well informed My readers will recollest, that ihis is a before I see the account, that, at the close

of last year, they were left very small in " ciors in Europe, who was so perfectly satisamount, even uncommon exertions having fied upon the subject, that he had not been made to screw up the tax gatherers to “ thought it worth his while to listen to the to the last farthing, and the general account " objections that were offered." This is the having been kept open much later, than in sort of“ proof” that she Doctor deals in. But, any former year, for the purpose of including in arguing upon the silence of Mr. Pitt, did every thing that could, by any means, be he not forget, that Mr. Long, in his pam. collected. It is therefore, impossible, at phlet of the “ More Accurate Observer," present, to say what the whole of the has stated, that Mr. Pitt disapproved of the defalcation is; but, if we deduct a hun Doctor s financial measures and statements, dred thousand pounds, or thereabouts, for particularly and expressly of the statement of depreciation of money, we shall find, that the 101h of Decen,ber, 1802, the very statewith the difference in amount of arrears, ment to which Lord Folkestone had referred, the surplus will not amount to more than relative to the surplus of the Consolidated 4,600,000l. instead of 6,500,0001, or rather, fund? Far other and far better reasons instead of 7,845,000!. which last sum it was mnight have been given for Mr. Pitt's withstated at, in the Doctor's estimate of the drawing himself, upon this occasion ; but, 10th of December, 1802.-" Well," some without stating those reasons at present, honest fellow will say, " but these proofs of first let ihe Doctor account for Mr. Piri's sie * want of knowledge; these incontrover lence respecting those financial statements, « tible proofs of incapacity or duplicity, I which Mr. Long has declared him to have

will certainly drive ihe Doctor from his disapproved of; let him account for this, « place !" No; no, my good fellow, they before he again has recourse to such sort of will have no such effeci, or tendency; for, pront" is support of himself and his mithough he has collected only 5,600,000). serable, exploded accounts. instead of 7,845,000l. it is he, and be only, The King's RECOVERY. ---It must give who has so much money to dispose of. No heart felt satisfaction to every one of his matter wbat he is, or whence he sprang: so Majesty's subjects, that he is now officially long as he can imposé new taxes and collect declared to be completely restored to health, a good part of them, or make new loans : Long may that healih be preserved ! is the so long as one half of the nation are com- | unaginous prayer of the faithful and gratepell d to look to him for bread; so long, if I ful people, over whom he has su long exerhc pleases, he will be minister, unless he cised his mild and benevolent sway. At be overset by some stroke from abroad. To the time when bis Maje.ty recovered from detect and expose him in finance, may, in the first alarming nalady, with which he other respects, be ultimately useful; but it was afflicted, I had not an opportunity of will never tend to eject hip from his office witnessing those expressions of joy, of afof financier. All that he has to do, is, to fection to the King, and of gratitude to Proget money, some how or other, and to keep vidence, which reflected so much honour on up to its full establishment, his immense the people of these kingdoms; but, situated army of commissioners, collectors, inspectors, in a distant colony, I saw the proofs of surveyors, supervisors, assessors, gaugers, loyalty and affection which were exhibited gatherers, clerks, ride-waiters, runners, and by a regiment of his faithful army. The informers; while he has, in every parish, a men belonging to this regiment had not the corps.de-garde of this vigilant and trusty means of giving balls and of decorating their army, and while this army is well and duly barracks with brilliant lamps, but, I remempaid, he may safely set at defiance the opi- ber, and I never shall forget, that they exnion and the wishes of the people, the par- | pended, in an illumination, the whole of liament, and the crowd. --The reports of their allowance of candles, though they well the debates state, that, during the speech of knew, that ihey should be obliged to sit in Lord Folkestone, Mr. Pitt left the house. the dark for ihe rest of the week. This Would one imagine, that even the ingenuity circumstanee made, upon my mind, an imof the Doctor could have found, in that pression that never has, and never can be circumstance, an argument wherewith to effaced : it is amongst the causes of my at. reply to his lordship? It did; for, we are tachment to the army, where, dotwithsiand. told, that he thereupon observed, that, “as ing the sneers of such writers and speakers « a proof of the correctness of his financial as Mr, Sheridan, all the higher virtues are « statements and estimates, it had not been to be found in a greater degree than in any « called in question by one of the first finan- ' other state of life,

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" They (the Doctor and his colleagues) are not only not new to the House and the Public, but they

are not new to the love and esteem of the House and the Public, and that from sufficient experience " as to their principles and talents. One of them (the Doctor himself] is a gentleman, who is ad"mired in private, as well as respected and esteemed in public, and who bas been long chosen into " the situation of first Commoner in this country. Is this the person, of whom the House of Commons are to say that they will not confide in hin, because, at a mi ment of difficulty, he quitted " a situation of ihe highest au hority that a representative of the people can possess, for one of “greater trouble and perplexity? To refue confidence to such a person, in such a situation, appears

to me to be ropugnani is commin sense and common justico," --Mr. Pitt's Speech, March 25, 1801. . 419)

- [450 AN

delling of the German Empire, the annexing ANALYTICAL AND COMPARATIVE VIEW

of Piedmont to the republic of France, the Of two pampblets, lately published, tbe one renewed and direct interfi rence, on the part

of the Consul, in the aftairs of Holland, and entitled, Cursory Remurks upon the State of

the still more direct and more violent interParties, during tbe administration of Mr. | fe.ence in the affairs of Swisserland, 'had all Addington, by a Near OBSERVER;" and taken place previous to the meeting of Parebe otber entitled, A Plain answer to the

liament, at which time, ton, it was clearly

understood, that the ministers, after having misrepresentations and calu mnies contained in long wavered between resistance and submistbe (ursory Remarks of a Niar Observer, by siou, after having dispatched, to the conquer. A MORE ACCURATE Observer."

ed colonies, orders and ounier-orders, and

counter-counter-orders, had, finally resolved (Concluded from p. 343.)

to'yield up every thing but Malia, which V. Mr. Pitt's conduct in Parliament after his was only retained because the mode of sur

retiring from office, to the nigbt of Mr. render could not be satisfactorily adjusted; Patten's motion inclusive.

but which, it was, by some persons, appre. During the remaining part of the session of 1 headed, wouid prove a new cause of hostiParliament, which was far advanced at the lity. Such was the state of things when time when Mr. Pitt ceased to be minister, it | Parliament met, on the 23d of November, is well known that he gave the new minis 1802. AIr. Pitt never made his appearance ters his unqualified support. The next ses- in the House of Commons told the 23d of sion opened with the discussions on the pre- the ensuing month of 'iay, when he came liminary treaty with France and the con- | down to defend the ministers upon the vention with Russia, of both which mea question of an address to his Majesty, in consures he expressed his perfect approbation, sequence of his message and declaration re. and, indeed, there is little doubt of his lative to the war with France. In the pré. having been consulted, in every stage of the vious part of the session much business had negariation of both those compacts. The been done, many important subjects had Parliament, during the winter of 1802, was been discussed, and several laws, deeply af. seldom honoured with his presence; but, he fecting the interests of lhe public weal, had appeared in his place, wbile the discussions becn passed : yet, Mr. Pitt appeared not: upon the Definitive Treaty were going on; even the message of the 8ih of March, anand, when the final question, relative therelo, nouncing the hostile preparations of France, was pot, he sealed his approbation by his and the prospect of a speedy rupture, was vote in favour of the ministers. After this not sufficient to bring him to Parliament. he disappeared for the rest of the session, On the 23d of May, he gave his cordial supwhich closed with the month of June. The port to the address, in a long and a inated summer of 1802, was spent by the members speech; which speech, however, breaihed of Parliament in attending to their elections; very little friendship for the ministers; but, by the ministers in reducing the army and on the contrary, seemed studiously to avoid navy, aod in sarrendering our conquests; every topic of praise, and even to prepare the and, by the Consul of France in augmenting way for that negative kind of censure, which his army and navy, in making new conquests, he passed on iheir conduct, on the 3d of and in answering, with suitable disdain, the | June, when he moved the previous question numberless attempts made by ministers to upon the motion for positive censure, procrawl into his good graces. The new-mo- posed by Mr. Patten. It was on that day

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