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land, will Mr. Dick say, that they ought not to , office of minister; and, did he not take the be informed, not only of the present state of responsibility along with them? The rethe currency of their country, but of its sponsibility, not only for what was began, probable fate? Why are they to be led on in but for what was continued, during his ad. the dark to the moment of their ruin? Sound ministration ? Either he approved of the policy, which is seldom or never at variance financial system of his predecessor, or he with sound morality, dictates, that the affairs disapproved of it: if the latter, why did he of the Irish bank, that every fact relatiog to not abandon it? and, if the former, where Irish currency, should be laid bare as soon will he now find a reason whereon to ground as possible. The ministers and the bankers his right of exemption from its consehave, indeed, no desire to see this publicity 1 quences ? If Mr. Pitt's financial measures take place; but, at the present moment, were such as necessarily'tended to produce their interest appears to be quite distinct a depreciation of bank paper, and, of course, from the interests of the community.-But, the destruction, or total suspension, of all there is another, and most powerful reason public credit, it was the duty of his sucfor inquiring into the state of both the Irish cessor to institute a parliamentary inquiry, and English currency; namely, to ascertain and to bring him to a due responsibility for the degree of blame, which, in this respect his conduct; and, if Mr. Pitt's financial attaches to the minister. He seemed to sit measures had not such a tendency, if they in the House of Commons an unconcerned did not necessarily lead to the depreciation auditor of the debate on Irish paper, the of bank paper, that depreciation must be burden of which devolved upon Mr. Corry, attributed to the Doctor, and all the rewho only said, that there was no remedy for sponsibility falls upon him. To admit of the cvil: “ What can't be cur'd, must be the contrary principle, to allow the Doctor endur'd.” Does the Doctor, however, in to justify himself upon the plea that he had good earnest, imagine, that he has no con- nothing to do with the canse, and Mr. Pilt cern in this matter? And, that his respon-' to justify himself upon the plea that he has sibility is thus to be got rid of by the pro nothing to do with the effect, would be to nouncing of an old rhymiog maxim? Does render ministerial responsibility something he hope, that the parliament and the nation worse than farcical. The supposition puts will always be so put off ? He will, perhaps, one in mind of the two “ well-meaning" say, that the depreciation of the paper has men and the leg of mutton, mentioned in not been the consequence of his measures. the fable. The tallest took it, and gave it It may be so; but, it happens in his hands. to the shortest; and, when the butcher The event takes place during the administra called upon them for responsibility, the tion, into which he voluntarily entered. He shortest swore he did not take it, and the did not devise the measure of bank restric tallest swore he had not got it. The reader tion, for instance; but he has persevered in will remember, and Mr. Addington will do it, and that too during peace as well as well not to forget, the consequences that enduring war. There can be no doubt that sued.-In quitting this topic, it seems necesthe stoppage of cash payments is the im sary just to notice a debate, which took place mediate cause of the depreciation of the in the House of Lords, on the 5th instant, bank paper, and no one will, or can, deny, upon the motion for going into a committee that the Doctor has procured laws to be upon the Irish bank restriction bill. Some passed to authorize this stoppage. The observations of lords King, Grenville, and question is not, whether the depreciation | Auckland shall be more fully dwelt upon could have been avoided, or not, by any another time; but, it is impossible to resist, measures that could have been adopted, since for one moment, the temptation to refer to the accession of the Doctor? but, simply, a " consolatory' statement, made by that whether it has taken place, or not, or has, in Ci solid and safe politician", Lord Hawkesany degree, increased, during his adminis. bury, who, in order to prove (mind to prove), tration ? Like the tenant of a house (as he that the increase of paper did not tend to literally is, indeed, the tenant of the Trea drive hard money out of the country, sury) he is called upon, and we have a right to stated, from the book of the sprightly Mr. call upon him, for every due and duty at Chalmers, or that of the no less sprightly tached to it, though accruing previous to Mr. George Rose, that, since the reign of his entering into it. He willingly snatched William and Mary inclusive, there had at the power and emolument attached to the been cuined at the mint, money tu the

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amount of £95,000,000 sterling, and that “tholics were, by a person high in authoof this sum, £64,000,000 had been coined 6 rily in Ireland, implicated in this rebellion, during the reign of his present Majesty, " and had their share of the guilt imputed and of that £64,000,000 there had been “ to them.--Mr. Canning said, that the coined £32,000,000 within the last twenty “ document to which he was now referring years.--Well! And what then? How “ he had read with shame and indignation, does this prove, that paper does not drive “ more Iban he had felt at any other he had the gold out of the country, unless you can "s seen in the whole course of that unforprove, that there is all this gold' in the “ tunate matter altogether. His noble country now ? Really, if one did not know “ friend bad tried to throw oblivion over the contrary, one would believe, that this " former differences in that distracted statement had been brought forward to “ country. Ministers, indeed, ought to prove exactly the contrary of what it was " take care, as much as in them lay, that no intended to prove; for, if, within these “ ancient differences should be revived; twenty years there has been a coinage to 66 that no flame; of old animosities should be the amount of £32,000,000, and if there “ re-kindled: if that was the policy, as he be scarcely a guinea left in the country, is " was sure it was the duty of government, it not a pretty clear proof, that the paper “ ill had that end been endeavoured to be has driven out the gold, especially when it " accomplished. Good God! that, in the is admitted, that, before the great increase " Igth century, there should be found a of paper, gold was the chief currency of " man of great talents, filled for great good the country, and that there was then plenty w in a state; of great learning too, but that of coin in circulation, though the coinage 66 which he had lately displayed, he could was not a fifth part so great? Liule, then, " alınost have wished that nobody had it is the “ consolation”, which men of even " now, for he had hoped it had been buried ordinary understandings will derive from " at least a century ago ;-that this learned the statement of his lordship, who bids us 66 person should fill the office of a great lé. 66 wallow naked in December's snow by “ gislator, and the highest as a legal magis« barely thinking of the summer's heat;' 6 Irate, and that he should be appointed to who displays before us the goodly and glit " preside in the place where that antitering hoards, which have issued from the " quated doctrine could do effectual mis. Tower, and which we have had the folly “ chief. He did not say it was a fault, but to exchange for promissory notes which the “ it certainly was a great misfortune, that promisers are not cbliged to pay !

6 such a person, with such sentiments, IRISH GOVERNMENT. - On the 7th " should be placed in such a station. He instant, a motion was made, in the House " could not think it likely that Ireland of Commons, by Sir John Wrottesley, for “ should be tranquil. He could not think the House to go into a committee, “ to in “ it likely that these pictures of quietness, « vestigate the conduct of the Irish go " conteniment, and happiness, which had 6 vernment, relative to the affair of the “ been so gratuitously afforded to the 6* 23d of July last.” Upon this motion there “ House, and so diligently laid before it, was a very long and interesting debate, " that the rebellion was at an end for ever which was opened in very good manner by " that the principle on which it was fothe mover, who was supported by Mr. 66 mented was destroyed--that Ireland was, Canning, 'Lord Temple, General Tarle “ by the rooting out of prejudices, become ton, Mr. Fox, Mr. Windham, Lord de " one body of harmony in temper and Blaquiere, Dr. Laurence, and Mr. Grey. " united in object : he could entertain no The speakers on the ministerial side were “ hopes of this nature, if the policy was to Lord Castlereagh, Mr. Archdall, Mr. 6 be that which he had just alluded to. He York, Mr. Tierney, the Attorney General, "" was not bringing that to which this policy and the Doctor. To analyse this debate “ related, now before the House: he would be impossible in the space now be. 6 would give government credit for their fore ine; I shall, therefore, confine my re. 6 intention to do away all animosity in marks, at present, to what was said rela " in Ireland; but when he saw a minister tive to the conduct of Lord Redesdale, “ of the government there, the highest in which, indeed, was by far the most im " legal authority, he did not say that this portant part of the discussion, though " was to be considered, nor did he state it every part of it was important.--Mr. Can as a fire-brand which threarcned the ning, the whole of whose speech discover " country with destruction, but he did ed very great powers both of conception “ state, that great oflicer as enjoying the and of utierance, said, that “ all the Ca- “ full confidence and a great portion of the

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< power of government, and whether he | luded here to that memorable evening, the

was the intended vehicle of publishing | 29th of July last, when the House of Com• & such sentiments, as those of government, mons saw a bill, subjecting the sister king“ he did.not know, yet i: had all the effect dom to martial law, spring up, like the 6 of design, and he could nor help looking plants in a pantomime, and arrive at the last " upon the uttering of such scnriments as stage of maturiry, in the space of a few conveying to the public. The animus of go- 1 hours. On that occasion Mr, Windham (vernment. Wherher these sentiments asked for a day's delay; a short respire

were really the sentiments of the govern of only 24 hours, to consider whether "! men', or no, he would nor pretend to say, there were suficient cause for rendere 6 but the great character to which he had ing four millions of people liable to all « ailuded was a member of the Irish go the severities of martial law, such law, it veroment, and the government in which might in some cases happen, as the in

such a mind predominated--that was to jured and ipsulled O'Niel, was subjected “ say, a mind governed by such principles | to the execution of. No: even twenty.

as had been published by that grext per- four hours; nay, even one hour was not 66 son, had great influence, who e such a allowed ; and, the then misled, and now

spirit presided, and where such a spirit indignant public, will recollect the abuse « rules, and such opinions were cherished, I heaped upon Mr.Windham by the Receiver « the government, influenced by ir, he was of Cornwall, and by the newspaper hiro“ sure, could not be conciliating, nor agree lings of government, merely because he € able, nor could huld forth any prospect asked for that sbort delay. That public

of comfort, to say nothing of happiness, will also recollect, that one of the securito the Irish peopic; a government wbich ties, which the Doctor held forth to Par.

permited itself to cherish such sen. liament, for the discreet and mild exercise <timents, discorered an animus chat afford of the uncontrouled power that it was cal

ed no comfort to those by whom it was led upon to lodge in the hands of the

governed; it was an imprudent govern executive branch of the Irish government, * ment, and very ill adapted for even the was, the assistance which the government “ safety of the public."'--Mr, Fox severely derived froin Lord Redesdale, The Docreprobated che conduct of Lord Redesdale, tor's words were as follows : “ when it is in the correspondence with Lord Fingall. " considered,. Sii, thai Lord Hardwicke He said, that the Irish nation, with all " is assisted in all his .councils, by the ad. © their generosity, their genius, and their " advice of that amiable nobleman and

bravery, had never been highly fanied u truly great cbaracter, who so long adorned & for their discregion; it must, therefore, " that chair, in which you now sit; when this “ have been very gratifying to them, to find, " circumstance is considered, Sir, no one can “ that a grave English Chancellor, sent 66 entertain even the slightest apprehension, ll over to them, had been guilty of an in 1" that any act of severity, that any indiscreet

discretion, to which, indeed, nothing “' or illiberal exercise of authority, will pro« could be second; for it was of that sire ceed from the law, which the House is • that nothing simile et secundum could exist. “ now called on to pass, without that besi« These leriers were more than indiscreci, tation and delay, which the right honour. $ They must be infinitely mişchievous, it “able gen leruan wishes to produce."

the author of them continued to fill bis The Doctor was right: liis confidence was ” present situation." - Mr. Windham perfectly well founded; the House passed was of the same opinion as Mr. Canning the bill without hesitation : it rendered the and Mr. Fox. He said, that " the senti people of Ireland liable to martial law : it

menos expressed by Luru Redesdale in his .consigned them to the absolute power of a “ letters, went to the to al extinction of all 1 person, whoin the minister declared to be " legal opinion. They were bad in Theo assisted in all his councils by thát amiable “ logy, still worse in politics, and deserved nobleman and truly great character, the mild “ the censure of every liberal and enlighren: and discreet, author ol the letters to Lord Finn ...ed mind. The opinions of the writer -gall! Mr. Windham was abused, out af

werç ihe more liable to reprehension, as it doors, by all that low and numerous herd, a would be recollected by the House that whose fears, rather than their loyalıy or ibeir " when the revival of Martial Law in Ire. | patriotismi, led them io applaud, that, of “ land was agitated, bis naine and high si which, in their consciences they must have ♡ quation were held out as a certain guarantee | disapproyed; Mr. Sheridan poured down

of the miluiness and equiry of the goveru opon him a most copious aod nauseous disHi meni," Mr. Windhum, doubtless, al- | charge of his “ true English feelipgi" ando

it is more than probable, that Mr. Long and rangements that have been made in it; but, Mr. Pitt would say he was imprudent. • one sugges.ion of Mr. Pirr's mist nor he In the debate of the Fib instant, none of the passed over even for a moment. He wished mini lers attempted to defend the "fruly great for some regulation to obviate the inconve. cha acter.Neither Lord Castlereagh, nornierce, ihit muss arise from persons preMr. Yorke, nor the Doctor, said a word in v nting their servants and apprentices enterreply to the remarks that were made on bising into, or attending their duty in, Volun. conduct. Mr. Archdale said a few words, teer corps ; observing, thai farmers and but the tendency of them was, to disclaim, manulac urers errene usly supposed, that they on the part of the government, the senti- had a right to all the time and labour of ments promulgated by Lord 'Redesdale. their servants a id apprentices! Why relir. “ He regreited,' he said, “ that this Cor. this is Robert Shallow, Esq. these nd. 6 resiondence had been brought before the What! prevent men from having the com" public. He deprecated any discussion on mand of their servants and apprentices! " the subject. li was a subject unfit, in his | And yer oppose, at the sainc time, the no" opinioo, for discussinn in this, or, he was tions of democrats and jacobins ? And yet “ almost disposed to say, in ny other public | call up n us to fight for ihe preservatico of " place. He did not think it fair to hold up the constitution And yet tell us thit the tie opinions delive: ed even by the greatest volunteer sysien is ir tended to prevent the “ law officer in Ireland, as necessarily the opi- invasion of property, the subversiou of the " nion of the government. The animus of ihelass, the dissolution of all the binds of so. " government, as a right honourable gentle. ciety? These projects, these innova. : “ man had termed it, could pot be derivedcions, these new and daring notions and " from this 'source. The Lord Chancellor schemes"; this is what I dread in Mr. Pitr, " of Ireland might be a great man in his whose great mind seems to be upon the « own department, and might render the rack to discover some captivating novelty, “ governinent essenrial service. It struck something that 'shail di compose the who c “ him, hospever, that law characters should fabrick, in order that he may have the merit “ interfere aš liule as possible with politics. of putting it together agair. But, it “ Their interference inight often be incon would be curious to know, by what means “ venient, and seldom useful." ---This was Mr. Pitt would accomplis's his objectif ntamiss, 'at a moment when, out of iwelve he compel' me to permit my servant to be a personis sitting tipon the Treasury bench, ten volunteer, that is to say, to dispense with were what is called bred to the law; a circum- great part of his service ; if he make my s!ance, which Mr: Archdale certainly over servant, in some sort, mr master, will be looked. Even the Attorney-General, the prevent me from discharging the said sere brother-in-law of Lord Redesdale, did not vant; will he compel me 10' remain in ihisi attempt to justify the sentiments contained sort of servitude myself? And, if he will not in tbal « 'amiable nobleman's" inexorable suffer me to discharge him, bie'ruse he is a homilies. He insisted, that when the Lord , volunteer; how will he prevent me from disChancellor was about to sign a commission chirging him because he has black fair, of the peace for a Roman Catholic noble or because his complexion, or countenance man, it was a proper enough time to remind does not please me? Those, indécd, who are him of his duties as a subject, and to endea- so unfortunate as to have apprentices cannot vour to guard him against that misuse of it, so easily escape the provisions that may be which he might otherwise have fallen into. enacted upon this sabject'; but, before any This recalls to mind what some one said suich provisions are introduced, let us hope, upon the subjfct at first that the amiable that Parliament will duly consider the connoblemand gave this 'commission of the sequences that may result from them. I peace as parents give fair-day money to their distike the volunteer system for many reachildren, that is, accompanied with caution sons, but for none more, than because it is upont caotion not to make themselves sick; a groand work, co which Mr. Pitt is but, the comparison does nor hold; for ia continually erecting some dangerous inno. the present instance, it is the cautions that varion : nothing else seems to be of any im. have the Þauseating quality, and that have, i portance in his eyes: the situation of Ire. accordingly, disgusted and disordered a iand, the ruinous aspect of public credit, wliote 'nation 1920 ? ous

: subjects hererofore apparently so near to his VOLUNTEER SYSTEM.-Siride the date of heari, do not now even attract his notice : the YakRegister, the bill for consolilating the volanteers! the volunteers ! that new the Volunteer act'has been discussed in a and numerous body of armed men, is ihe committee of the whole house. There is only object of his care. not time to gorice the alterations and ar

FOREIGN OFFICIAL PAPERS. (ated. He took some private steps to as

certain whether government was informed DOCUMENTS RELATIVE TO THE CONSpi- |

of it ; but it was passed over in silence, and RACY DISCOVERED AT PARIS.

he himself, when he recovered his tranquil. Report of the Grand Judge, Minister of Jus. lity, concealed from government an event

tice, to the Government, 17th February, which could not but awaken its vigilance. 1804

He observed silence even when Pachegru Citizen First Consul-New plots have was publicly admitted into the councils of been batched by England; this was the case the British ministry, when he uniled in a even amidst the peace which she swore to notorious manner with the enemies of maintain, and when she violated the treaty | France. Government was disposed to conof Amiens, she counted less on her strength sider bis silence as arising from the dread of than on the success of her machinations. a confession, which would have humbled But government was vigilant; the steps of him, as it considered his retirement from the agents of the enemy were followed by public affairs, his suspicious connexions, and the eye of justice : the people of London his imprudent language, as the effect of were no doubt expecting to lear the explo- peevishness and discontrnt. General Mosion of that mine which had been dug under reau, who could not fail of being suspected, our feet. At any rate, the most ominous since he maintained a secret correspondence reports were spread, and they were indulging with ibe enemies of his country, and who, in the most criminal hopes; ou a sudden the consequence of this suspicion, which was too. agents of the conspiracy were arrested; well founded, would at any other period have proufs have accumulated, aud they are so been arrested, was suffered to enjoy in transtrong and so evideni, that they carry with quillity his honours, an immense fortune, and them convictions to every mind. Georges the kindness of the republic. Events, how.., and his band of assassins had remained in ever, rapidly succeeded each other : Lajollais, the pay of Eogland; their agents were still the friend and confidant of Pichegru, went traversing La Vendée, Morbilian, the Côtes privately from Paris to London, returned 10. du Nord, and were endeavouring, but in Paris carried to Pichegru the ideas of Genevain, to find partisans of whom they were ral Moreau --carried back to Moreau the deprived by the moderation of governmeni ideas and designs of Pichegru and his assos and of the laws.--Pichegru, un mashed bs | ciates; the brigands of Georges were prethe events which preced:d the 18th of Iruc- l paring, even in Paris, every ihing that was tidor, year 5, (Sept. 5, 1797), and unveiled, necessary for the execution of their common in particular, by that correspondence which designs. A place was assigned between General Moreau bad addressed to the direc-| Dieppe and Treport, at a distance from w01 tory, had carried with him to England bis lestation or the eye of vigilance, where the hatred against his country. In the year tixhe i brigands of England, brought over in Eng. he and Villot were in the train of the arinies lish ships, landed withon being observed, of our tuemics, in order to unite with the

and where they found corrupted men to rebrigands of the South. In the year nine he | ceive them-men paid to conduct then conspired with the committee of Bareuth, during the night from fixed stations, preand since the peace of Amiens he has still viously agreed on, and duus to convey them been the hope and the counsellor of ile ene- | 1o Paris. -----AI Paris lurkiag places were mies of France. The British perfidy asso- l procured for them in houses bied beforeciated Georges with Pichegiu, the intinous hand, where they bad confidants to protect Georges with thai Pichegru wlog France them : ley bad some of bere in different had esteemed, whom she wished for a long l quarters and streets al Chaillof, in the Rue time to consider as incapable of treachery! I de Bacg, in the Fauxbourg St. Marceau, in In the year eleven a criminal reconciliation the Mar.is. A first debacksion was effeciunited Picbegru and Moreau, iwo men besed, copsisting of Georges himself, and eight tween whom honour ought to place eternal l of his brigands, Georges reiurned to the hatred. The police seized at Calais one of coast to assist at the landing of Coster St. their agents, at the moment when lie was Victor, condemned by a sentence passed in returning a second time from England. This the affair of Nivôse 3, and of ten other brie man had in his possession documents which gands. In ebe commencement of the preconfirmed the reality of a reconciliation at sent month a third landing was effugted, it that time inexplicabic, had noi the, bouds I consisted of lichegru, Lajollais, Armand, which united them been formed by criini. Gaillard, brother of Raould, John Darie, nality. On the arrest of th's ageni General | one of ilir first confidants of Georges, and Moreau appeared for a moment to be agi- some other brigands of the same stamp;

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