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tries, the rate of exchange, on any given sum diately raised from 1000], to 12001. a year,
against Ireland, couli never mi h exceed in other words, the public was taxed to pay
the price of tie freight and insuraine upon seir taxes, and they enj ved a greater in-
that sum in guineas from Ireland hither. I come than before. Now, when a most in-
Whenever it did, guiveas would be sent tolerable tax, in the shape of exchange, is
over in place of bills, until the level was re. imposed upon the proprietors of Ireland,
stored. ------To return), Sir, to the subjeci, pray bear it patiently my good friends,"
when e I have briefly digressed. Mr. Cor. cries Mr. Corry," the subject is delicate, is
Ty has no doubt told the uuth ; but, I sus | intricule, requires candour and temper. Thus
pect, not the whole truth. I conse, I feel does this, pampered steed with « unwrung
a curiosity to ask, and the public have a witheis'' preach to us poor “ galled jades."
right to know, in what mode ihe offiers of All ilie une he is lielping himself to his
the Irish Treasury are paid when in Tre salary at par, secretly, while he could, but
I ud. Some of these gentlemen'reside th-re now by open confession in the face of Par-
pretty constantly, none of them are detained liament and the public. So, in Ireland,
here by parliamentary or official duty the when the public is oppressed by the arbitrary
whole year round. In what shape do the issue and depreciation of private paper, and
former receive heir whole salaries, and the compelled to transact their business without
lattor sucha portions of it as grow due iu that gold, silver, or copper, ilie optimist Lords of
part of the year which they condescend to ihe Irisb Treasury assure them, that all is
pass in Ireland ? I am intormed, and as, for the best, and that metallic money, as
alter the avowal of Mr. Corry any thing is Robespierre iermed it, is all a joke, in the
cred.ble, cao riadily believe, that, as in moment that they are filling their pockets
England, these Treasury officers pay them with the “ useless and expensive encum-
selves ai jar, so, in Ireland, hey pay them brance" of guineas. I should be glad to.
selves in guinius. Their protii in the latter think with you, Mr. Cobbett, that this prace
case is still gr?ter than in the former, since tice will undergo a pariamentary inquiry.
guineas in Ireland bear, as you observe, a Hitherto, the House of Commons, in not
premium of more than 12 per cent. It may 1 condemning, hare approyed of it. If the
be a kid, how are these guineas obtained? 1 public are not awakened to it, through the
I think I can guess. There existed in Ire- medium of the press, ail will go much too
land, a little time back, a depot of specie, smoothly with these Treasury Lords, who
collected and preserved by the government are their own payınasters and own account-
for the payment of the troops in case of in auts. Certain I ain, that had the Irish Parlia
vasion or rebellion. Has this fund remainm ent, which was vilified only that it might
ed sacred and untouched? If still in exist-l be the more easily destroyed, continued still
ence, las it not been diminished? Have not be guardian of the Irish porse, the persons
these Treasury gentlemen found means to in question would not have dared to pay
dip into it “a whisker first, and then a chemselves at par, while the exchange is at
claw?" If they deny this, they are bound 19 per cent. I will not tyespass on your
to hew where they fand guineas, while the time by pursuing this subject any fartber,
rst of the commun ty must be contented at present; but, unless it is taken up by
with paper. The alternative is still more abler pens tban mine, will certainly resume
scandalous, since then the government must it whenever you have a column to spare.
a ually purchase guineas at 24. 40. a piece | Should the practice I complain of be neither

emiom, in order to pay these men, who, l punished nor reforned, ihe people of Tre. in all humility, style themselves the servants and will do be ter to throw themselves on of the public guard the crown. They are, in. the mercy of Mr. Corry and his colleagues, deed, a privileged race, all other men's in- | aud thankfully accept wbat part of the recomes biar the burden of taxes. The situa- | venue they may choose to spare, than to tion of other men is made, to sympathize place any reliance on the wisdon or virtue, with that if the country. In this respect either of the imperial, administration or the we all have neighbour's fare. Not so these l imperial Parliament; bui this, I confidently, placemen. Their salaries, and emolumeots I hope, will not be the case ; I hope and trust are un'ouched, apd amidst the general de- | Parliament will interfere. I am, si, cay and consumption of every other species yours,

HIBERNICUS. of property, " flourish in immortal youth." P. . One question I had forgotten to ask it well remember when Mr. Pitt's income l of Mr. Corry, which, perhaps, as usual, he VO w ay las the salaries of the commis- I prefers answering in private. He enjoy:

i eners ut les comis and Excise were imme- patent office io Ireland, Surveyor of use

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nours, I think, or some such name, does he the French as a pledge for the security of dot pay himself the salary of tbis office also the British property. But it is adding insult' at par?

to injury to affix injurious epithets to the

most innocent transactions, and calumoiate TO THE EDITOR,

the characters of those whose property might

at this moment have swelled the British ca· SIR,- In the last number of your Regis- pital, and added to the revenue, had it not ter you have given the pub ic a detail of ibe been lost to the claimants and to the counineffectual measures hitherto adopted by the try, by the pusillanimity of the British miBritish Creditors to recover their property nisters. Relying on your wonted imparinvested in the French funds, under the tiality to print this, or to reconsider the sub. faith of treaties, and in a just confidence |ject. - remain yours, &c. one of yü.. they would be observel; and you have subscribers, and * added some remarks altogether injurious to

A British Creditor. their conduct on that occasion. You do not

February 25, 1804. indeed state, nor can you prove, that in this transaction they have acied, either in violation of the laws of their owii country, or in

EARL ST. VINCENT. coniradiction to the rights and usages of fo. | Sir, I have often read with great pleareign nations. In the wide and extensive sure your Political Register, and if the fol. relations of commercial intercourse now sub | lowing can add weight to the subjects you sisting throughout the civilized world, is it have already so ably discussed, it is much matter of surprise or reproach thal many at your service.-In your Register of the individuals of all countries should be led to oth of last July, there was a remark, that deposit a portion of their wealth in the Earl St. Vincent did not send a naval force hands of foreign merchants, or in foreign l'in time to block up Toulon, and prevent banks and foreign funds ? So far from it, the sailing of the French armament under the deposit has ever been beld sacred, and Buonaparté; who very deliberately took the character of the proprietor has never | Malta, and from thence proceeded, without till now, been impeached. Do the English molestation, to Egypt. To what shall we reprobate the conduct or patriotic principles attribute this error!! Was it to the want of ibose foreigners, Dutch, Swedes, Danes, of prevoyance in the British admiral ? A Russians, or French, who place their money, great commander certainly ought not to be with whatever view they may have done it, deficient in a quality so essentially requisite in the British funds ? On what principle, in a general. The recapture of Malta, then, are the British Creditors in foreign and the conquest of Egypt cost many funds ihus held op to public scorn, as if they millions sterling to this country. Let us were " jew-like speculators," and enemies suppose Malta had not been taken by to their country? The demands of health Buonaparté, nor the French army been and convenience, the cultivation of science landed in Egypt. Is it probable that Buo. and the arts, the relations of trade and com- | nápar.é the determined enemy of this merce, and many other motives, both pub- country, would now be First Consul of lic and p.ivate, carry Englishmen and their | France? If peace had been made with families to the Continent, and detain them other rulers, would the present war have there : connexions arise in consequence, and existed? To whom are we indebted for call for the lodgment of money, either on all these accumulated evils ? Are we to public or private security, as suits the exi. | become for ever a military people ? All gency or the convenience of the parties. armed and with military ideas of subordi. And it is notorious that po small portion of nation to detend the shores of the united the wealth derived from our possessions in kingdom? This is not ideal, because if the East has at various times (so difficult is reports are well founded (and which is not its passage to Europe) passed through the here meant to be ASSERTED as true), the channel of France, and found its way into storehouses of the cock yards will be as fue funds of that nation first, and ultimately empty, and the ships of war in a worse state into those of this. As a private creditor in than they were when Sir Edward Hawke the French funds I have suffered materially was first Lord of the Admiralty : and at from tbe injustice of the French, joined to that time, Admiral Sir George Rodney the tame acquiescence of our own govern. 1 (afteru ards Lord Rodney) demanded a ment in not vindicating the cause of the British claimants pending the treaty of

* See remarks on tbio letter in the Summary Amiens, when they ought to have retained of lol.tics, p. 298.

private audience of his present Majesty, I ments, which might in future be attempted, and delivered to the King, the true state and for the re-establishment of bal Order in of his navy. In consequence, his Majesty the state in which it was before the occupadismissed Sir Edward Hawke, ond appoint- ' tion of the countries assigned as indemnities. ed the Earl of Sandwich first Lord, of the | The execution of his sentence is veferred to Admiralty. Strange to relate !!! the the Elec:or, the Arch-Chancellor ; tbe Elecnavy was in such a ruined condition, that tors of Saxony and Baden, and to his Inipe. Lord Sandwich (though some years at the rial Majesty himself in his quality of lichhead of the Board) had but just completely duke of Austria, with the clause, cach indi. re-establi hed our marine before the last vidually, and all collectively.---Bis daupeAmerican war commenced. Thus Sir rial Majesty, in his quality as a state oi ile Gevge Rodney's timely interference saved Empire, is animated with a sincere desire of thi kingdom from perdition. Let us hope contributing, according to his strengih, to some great min (before it is too late) will the maintenance of justice in the Empire, as a certain the state of the navy, and reader well as of the public safety and tranquility, a similar berefit to his King and country. and of the security of ibe German constiil24 Feb. 1804.

J. O.

tion, and he enjoins his ministers to make a

declaration on this subject to the General PUBLIC PAPERS.


Declaration of his Prussian Majesty. Declaration, given in to tbe Diet of Ratisbon, His Majesty, the King of Prussia, his ob

by ibe tu'o Comitial Ministers of the Court served with a tension and interest obe events of Vienna, on the 30th of January, 1E04 which have taken place for some time past

The numerous infr ngemeills which, in several parts of the Empire and in ihe since the occupation of ihe countries as- heart of Germany, in regard to the posses. signed as indemnities, have been made by sions of ihe me nibers of the Equestrian Orseyeral States of the Empire, in the right; | der. It would have been of gical advantage and the imine diacy of the Eg Order if in the recess of the Deputationi of the and its members, bave for a long time ex Empire it had been possible to establish a cited the attention of Germany,--His In regulation, or fixed rule for ensuring the fuperial Majesty, as sup:eme Chief of the Em lure relations of the Equestrian Oruer, in a pire, and agrérably in the obligation under mauner so as to reconcile a regard for the which be lies to maintain the decrees of the rights of all with the new situation of things, Diet, as well as order and tranquillity, has the new wants, and the real good of the Emalready endeavoured, as is weil hnowo), by l pire;---If the Ecclesiastical States secupale pal exhortacions, to put a stop to mea: larised have passed into the hands of new sures contrary to the state of possession, and possessors, not only with the rights really to the laws wbich have been pursued in re exercised, but also with their pretensions; gard to the Equestrian Order and its mem | and if these governments formerly ecclesiasbors, and to re-establish things on their legal ric according to their nature and organisafooring. These efforts of his Imperial Ma- tion, and according to the interest, merely jesty have not produced that effect which he 1 personal, of their Ecclesiastical Sovereigns,

1 a right to expect. The infringements, can have seen with inditference the efforts on the contrary, have become more general of ihe Equestrian Order to extend its terriand more oppressive, and the consequences torial independence, and its immediacy, the in the interior of the empire has been events new pos-essors as sovereign and hereditary which must necessarily endanger the public

loies, may have brought with them new intranquillity, and bring on absolute oppression terects, and may have considered things unof the Equestrian Order; the existence and der a different point of view. They must rights of which are, bowever, equal to those and ought to have found themselves difof all the states of the empire, and have been fcrently obliged to claim rights, which might securerl, as well as ibe constitution itsell, by | be considered as real and ancient integrant the Peace of Westphalia, by the old and new parts of their share of the indemnity-rights decrees of the diet, and particularly by the which could not be weakened but by nega last decree of the empire. At the request ligence and by encroachments made at a tita of the General Directory of the Equestian mer period. Aroused by such an event, the Order in the Aulic Council of the Empire, other possessors of the ancient lay countries, as a constitutional authority, there was is where similar relations, equally hurful to sued, on the 23d of January, by this supreme their rights and to their administration tribunal, a conservatorium, for the protection existed, have begun to bring forward their of the Equestrian Order against all cacrouch pretensions. Hence it has happened that

almost at the same time several of the most constitution 678 delegated to you.---This distinguished States of the Empire, such as sessions of the Legislative Body will be The Elector of Bavaria, the Prince of Fulda, marked by new benefits to the people; the the Elector of Hesse, the Landgrave of Hesse governmert which has matured in medita, Darmstadt, the Duke of Saxe Meinungen, ion thar series of salutary and protecting and other Princes, have all tended to the laws, which establish and consecrate the free. same objeet. These Princes have formed dom of persons, the bases of transactions, the claims to the villages and iands of the Eques- guarantee of property, will submit them to trian Order lying within their territory, or our wisdom.-- You will not ses without situated on their frontiers, both because admiration, that the government, in the these possessions formerly made an integrant midst of the immense preparations which the part of their countries, and because they are warbas rendered necessary, has not adjournstill ia relation with the latter by their geo- ed a single useful expense, has not suspendgraplıical position, by the feudal law, by the ed a single enterprise begun, has not withdaties and rights of jurisdiction, and other drawn a single idea of amelioration. It has connexions, which as ancient sources, must been able by its genius and providence to still be considered as indications of sove- connect all the benefits of peace with the imreignty. They have consequently thought portant cares of war. We do not sce, in themselves authorised to replace under their any part of the Republic, those agitacions sovereignty these places and lands, and to which announce apprehensions, or presage cause to be announced by patents the pose | reverses; we hear no where those stormy session they have taken of them, and to se discussions which characierise distrust, or cure a part of them by sending thither mili- conceal sinistrous projects; every thing is tary detachments. Hitherto no uniform calin around us every thing is happi--and and certain principles have been established every thing is tranquil! Our courageous or followed; and not only have contesta. youth range tnemselves with ardour under tions arisen among the sovereigns and per. the standards of the country: the farmer, sons of the Equestrian Order, who have the merchant, the manufacturer, press round been exposed to encroachnienis; but dif. | the government to offer it their harvest, their ferences have broken out between one gold, their produce: and the French people, sovereign and another, in regard to the li. I proud of their government, confident in their mits of their respective territorial jurisdic- means, and happy in their instituțios, extions.-Ajuridical examination and instruc- ' press but one sentiment-rlove for the dution in regard to this object having been in I gust Head of the State --- Free from fear, sufficient, because the organization of the from agitation, from disquiccude, !he French circles is not yet completed; the question people repose in hin the care of their des. is to know, whether or in winat manner the tiny. . tribunals of the empire ought to interfere in this affair? The whole Germanic Body par

SUMMARY OF POLITICS. ticipates in the regret excited by this state of things, and by the anarchical crisis which ANGLO-Gallic CrediTORS.-By refer. threatens, in so greal a number of places, ring to page 293, the reader will find a letthe property and subjects of the empire. Il ter to the Editor, upon the subject of the every one is convinced that this crisis can. | claim, set up by certain persons calling rot be of long duration, but that measures themselves “ British Creditors in the French ought speedily to be taken to put an end to 1 funds." This leiter appears to have been it, it is the more indispensably necessary to drawn forth by the remarks, which were think of the means of accompli-hing this made in page 240, which, upon being referend: the affair has become too important red to, will be found to bave originated from and too general to be discussed by the Iria a printed paper, called " A Statement of bunals of the empie.'

Facts," which statement had been sent round To be continued.).

10 meinbers of Parliament, and other personis

whose opinions were likely to have weight FOREIGN OFFICIAL PAPER. in parliamentary proceedings. The object SPEECH of the MINISTER OF THE INTE: of the paper, especially when thus circulat

PIOR 10: Ibe LxGISLATIVE Bový of the ed, was too obvious! to be mistaken; and, as French Republic, at the opening of their This obiect appeared to be such ai ought not Session on tbe 61b of Jarzary, 1804. .. to be accoinplished, 'such *arguments were

CITIZENS LEGISLATOR's-Bar a few used as were thought likely to contribute months have elapsed since your separation, towards preventing thåt accomplishinent ; and you are summoned again to resume the bui, let those who have read the remarks cxercise of the auguri furciions which the determine, whether the charge of " colum


niating" the Anglo-Gallic creditors be well deavors to show, that we owe them none. or ill founded. Previous to the short re --They ask, somewhat exultingly: "Do ply, which it is intended to make to the let. " the Englishmen reprobate the conduct, ter in question, it may not be amiss to ob. or patriotic principles, of 'those foreignserve, that, since the accession of the so well

ers, Dutch, Swede, Danes, Russians, or meaning" Doctor and his associates, an en “ French, who place their money in the tirely new set of ideas, with respect to the 6 British funds?" The answer is: liberty of writing and of speaking, appears | Englishmen cert inly do reprobate their to have sprung up. Formerly, those who conduct, and hold then in the utmost conwrote and spoke upon public matters, felt tempt; but, whether this be the case or themselves under no other restraint ihan that not, what has it to do with the making of which was imposed by truth and decency; compensation, out of the public purse, to but, now, to censure, or to criticise, how those who have loit their money by such ever truly and decently, is to “ calumniate," speculations. The question to be asked is, if it bears hard upon the person or per ous, did any government in Europe, or will any whose conduct, or object, is censured, or government in Europe, compensate ils criticised; so that, in few words, the doc subjects for the money they have lost, or trine now is, that the greater fool or koave may lose, in the English funds? --ke a man is, the greater is the calumny in stat are told, that “the demands of health and ing what tends to discover bis tolly or his convenience, the cultivation of cience koavery. - The Anglo-Gallic creditors " and the arts, and the relations of trade were not accused of knavery; they were ac 6 and commerce, carry Engliahmen and cused of no “crime;" their "characiers" 66 their families abroad, in consequence of were not attacked; they are, indeed, de " which connexions arise, and cali for the scribed as “jew-like speculators," but, that lodgment of money either on public or they were speculators they will not deny, private security, as suits the convenience and whether the epithet jiw-like was in s of the parties.” That is to say, that jurious" and “ calumnious,” or not, will be certain Englishmen, either for their own easily determined, when we recollect, that the pleasure or their own profit, deposit their debis, for which they now claim indemnifi

How far it is' laudable, cation, arise. for the far greater part, from the and ought to be allowed, for people of any purchase of assignats and other stale paper at country to reside abroad, and draw their inan average of more than two-thirds below

par. comes after them, may be a question; but, Besides, what was the security of the paper that persons, who, for their own conveso purchased? What was ihe security, nience, pleasure, or gain, lodge their wealth written on the paper itself? Was it the abroad, should, when that wealth is lost, treaty of 1786? Or was it the “ National have a right to demand compensation from ~ Domaios" of France? Was the thing their countrymen, on whom they have purchased a fair and legitimate object of turned their backs, from whom they have trade? Was it a thing honestly come by; with-held all share in their enjoyments, is a or was it a sort of stolen goods? In short, proposition too prepostious to be for a mo

did it not consist, principally, of the plun rent entertained. --The French funds are - dered property of the Church and ihe represented as a channel, through which Crown, and of that of those

persons who

British property finds its way from India to remained faithful to them? Well, then, let England. They may be such a channel; the speculators go and seek the security, bul, while it is uiterly impossible to con. upon which they advanced their money: ceive what this circumstance has to do with let them seek the " National Domains ;' the present question, there can be no difbut, let them not come to the English Par ficully in staling, that, as far as such a chan. lianient, let them not hope to wring from nel is necessary, India is an injury to Engthe people of England a compensation for land.. -The writer of the letter, on which the losses they have, in such a trafic, sus these remarks are made, complains of scorntained. ---They say, they have been guilty ful language, forgeiting, like a true “ wellof nothing " contrary to the laws of their

meanlig man," that he and his associates country, or to the rights and usages of fo have, in their printed paper, stamped the reign nations.” So much the better for charge of " presumption' upon all those, them; but, it is no better for us. We do who have dared, or who shall dare, to ques. not complain of them. That is to say, the tion the wisdom of the minister, who made complaint did not begin with us. We only the treaty of 1,86. Men do not like to be say, that they are wrong in applying to us bullied thus. There are persons in the for money on this account; and we en. world who doubt of the wisdom of Mr.

money abroad.

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