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applied by those, to every Protestant. If those menzioning to your Lordship on the earliest occawho are considered as holding a higher rank in the sion. I mcicly stated to your Lordship what my priesthood used their influence to correct this im own feelings were, and what I have always found pression on the minds of the lower orders, we to be the opinion of the Catholics. I do not apmight hope, that by degrees clicy might be taught I prchend, that in expressing any further wish of to consider all who believe in Christ as their Re- the Catholic body, which it is impossible should dcemer, though not adhering to the Sce of Rome, not be entertained, I hinted at any discontents; as their brethren in Christ; but unfortunately on the contrary, I did assure, and do now assure that is not the casc. Dr. Troy in his pastoral in your Lordship, we are now ready to make every struction on the duties of Christian citizens, pub. sacrifice, encounter every danger, for the defence lished in 1793, holds up high, the exclusive doc of the King and Constitution, and for the presererine; which those who think humility a Chris. / vation of the peace. Those who are most affecttian virtue, in all respects most becoming so weaked by any remaining restrictions, it is well known and fallible a creature as man, cannot but consi- have never excited clamour or tumult; but have der as favouring of presumption. Dr. Hussey, in always been foremost in opposing them. I canhis pastoral letter, published in 1797, expresses not attempt to vindicate all those who have at himself in a stronger language; and, indeed, it is different lines addressed the Catholics ; but the dilficult for a loyal subject to read that publica- lare exhortations, I must beg leave to say; are iption, without feeling, chat, especially at ihe rime tended and calculated to inspire sentiments of of its appearance it could not send to produce hyalty, obedience, and Christian charity : and lovalty, or even submission to the government of they will, I trust, have that effect. Such have the country, in the minds of those to whom it been the instructions I have constantly heard was addressed. Whilst such impressions, so ex given by the Catholic clergy to their flocks.Nocited, are sankling in the minds of men, very little thiog iw excite ill-will or dislike to any person regard can be paid to addresses of the nature to on account of his religious beliet, but the most which your Lordship refers me. They are givea I perfect brotherly love and affection to all. Your to the winds, as long as the priests of the Sce or Lordship will, i hope, allow me to repeat my reRome shall think fit to hold up to their flocks, 1 gret that any thing I have written should have that all who do not yield obedience to that see, given you pain, or nie reason to feel it, which i are guilty of rebellion against it; are not to be should in a very high degree indeed, if I was considered as members of the church of Christ; conscious of having intentionally advanced any and theretore are not (in the eyes of the vulgar at thing that would appear improper or unreasonaleast) to be considered as Christians. I am fully ble to your Lordship. I have the honour to persuaded, that those who listen to their doc be, &c.

FIXGALL. trines, will never bear Christian charity towards

Dublin, 28th vlug. 1803. those who are so represented; and will never be MY LORD,---- The high respect and esteem I loyal and durisul subjects of a king, thus held out bear for your lordship, whose loyalty and bumato them -s himself a rebel.-In fine, my Lord, nity have been at all times conspicuous, and the those who clamour for liberty of conscience, manner in which your lordship, in the letter with (which in truth they have), must be taught to al which I was honoured yesterday, has expressed low liberty of conscience to others; and those who your regret, that any part of your former letter desire complete participation, must ueat those should have given me pain, compels me again to with whom they desire to participate as brothers. trouble your lordship with a few words. Toe paio Until, therefore, the priests of the Romish persua I felt arose from an apprehension that I could not sion shall think it their duty to preach, honestly hope for such a change in the sentiments of those of the and conscientiously, the great doctrine of universal people of Ireland, who athere to the Sce of Rome, towards charity in Christ; until they shall, in all their ine | i nose tuho refuse obedience to it, as might lead to their structioos to those under their care, represent, living together in peace. In some paris of Europe, honestly and conscientiously, all who sincerely misforiune appears to have produced so much of believe in Christ, the Redeemer of mankind, to humility, that the persons, who have occupied the be, brethren in Christ, however mistaken they | choice of that See, Ivave been inclined to bend tomay suppose any of them to be in certain points wards countries in which some of its most imporof faith ; until they shall teach their flocks that tant pretensions have been rejected; and in this desiriog liberty to think for themselves, they state of humiliation, it inight have been hoped ought also to permit others to think for them. I that a sense of the weakness and imperfections of selves, and not to murder chem, because they dii- , man might have been so far felt, as to lead the adfer in religious opinions ; peace never can be es- | heients to that See, in Ireland, no longer to teach tablished in the land; and the loyal addresses of their followers a doctrine so repugnant (as it apo Dr. Troy and Dr. Coppinger will, as I have before pears to me) to the repose of mankind, as that to said, be given to the winds. They can have no which I had alluded in my letter. I conclude from effect; they may indeed reach the eyes or the cars, your lordsbip's letter so me, that there is no perbut never will enter the hearts, of those to whom son amongst ihe adherents of the See of Rome, in they are addressed. There are parts of your let Ireland, whose mind, however cultivated, how. ter io which I will not advert, because I cannot ever liberal in other respects, can be thought to without pain, or without giving pain.--I have consider any persons as christians, who refuse the honour to be, &c. &c. REDESDALE. . obedience to that see, I conclude also, 'harthe

August 27, 1803. priests of that persuasion still teach their flocks, MY LORD, I feel indeed much concern that I har all who refuse obedience, are guilty of a any part of the letter I had the hovour of ad wicked rebellion against divine authority, which dressing to your Lardship, should have given you musi produce their eternal damnation in the next pain. You need not, I hope, ny Lord, any as world, and render tbem objects of horror and ris. surance that nothing could be more foreign to like in this. As long as this doctrine (which, with my intentions. This I took the liberty of re all humility I say it, appears to me to be repugquesting Mr. Wickham, whom I had the honour l nant to every idea of christian charity taught hy of secing this morning, to do me the favour of the scriptures) shall be preached to their congre

gations; and uoril chose congregations shall be every body must lament; how it is to be mended taught that Protestants of every description, al is a matter for the statesman; and surely it would though in their opinion in error on certain points, be difficult to find an object more worthy of your are to be considered as members of the Church of lordship's high talents and abilities. I have the Christ, and their brethren in the faith of Christ, it honour to be, &c.

FINGALL. seems to me, that there can be no hope that exhortat ons

Sept. 6, 1803. to loyalty and obedience to a protestant government will MY LORD, -I find myself as little qualified as kave any effect. Men of education and property your lordship represents yourself to be, to discuss may feel loyalty and obedience to such a govera with the persons to whom you refer me the points ment to be proper, or at least expedient; but you mention. I can only say, that the impression preaching to men of the lower orders, and espe inade on the minds of those of the lower orders, cially to those without property, loyalty and obe. certainly does not correspond, wiih the docuines dience, under such circumsta:ces, cannot be sincere, which your Jordship represents to be the doctrines without supposing their minds of a refinement of of the religion you protest. I have no doubribat which the are utterly, incapable; and seems there. your lordship heartily and conscientiously em. fore to me to be either mockery or fully. Perhaps 1 braces and acts upon those d'actrines; the whole am 100 presumptuous in forming ihis opinion, but lenor of your life shews chat you have done £0; it seems to me confirmed by recent events, and I but the whole tenor of the conduct of the lower cannot otherwise account for the fact so generally orders of the people of ibe Roinish persuasiun asserted by the priests of the Romish persuasion, shows, that such doctrines are out efectually that during the late rebellion, their exhortations tauglic to them; and if I am to judge from the to loyalty and obedience had no effect. I find it also writings, as well as the conduct of some of the confirmed by the circumstances, that those priests higher orders or the luily, as well as of the clergy, were, I presume, utterly ignorant that those under I cannot believe that they are thoroughly impressa their instructions had' ever conceived in their ed with the feelingö which appear to guide your minds the horrid purposes which they manifested in lordship’s liberal and beneficent mind.--Onibe the 23d of July, and which persons came from all parts oj coutrary, in many instances it appears to me, that Ireland with design to effect. Thave the honour io the conduct of some high amongst the priesthood, be, &c.

REDESDALE. is calculated to excile in the minds of inase under

Sept.4, 1803. their care, hitred to their protescant Iellow-sube MY LORD_Imust beg your lordship will be jects, and disioyalty to their government. I am kind enough to excuse my not having sooner ac assured, from very high and very resp.ctable au. knowlelged the receipt of the last letter you did thority, that (at least iu one district) the priests me the honour to address me, which has been oc. who were insirumental in 'saving the lives of the casioned hy my absence from town for some days loyalists in the late rebellion, are universally disa past. Honoured as i must feel by your lordship's countenanced by their superiors; and that a priest correspondence, and the expressions of personal proved to have been guilty of sanctioning the regard towards me contained in your letters, I am murderers in 1708, cuansported to Butany Bay, and the more anxious to impress your lordship with since pardoned by the mercy of goveiomeni, has that favourable opinion of the persons in this been brought back in triumph by the same supe country who profess the same religious faith I do rior, to what jo defiance of the law he calls his myself, which it has been my endeavour to prove parish, and there placed as a martyr, in a manner to your lordship they are deserving of. Nothing ihe most insuliing to the declings of the protesa but my wish to procure for them an object so de tants; to the justice of the country; and to that sirable, and my high respect for your lordship, government, to whose lenity he owes hus redempwould have induced me to touch at all ou a dis tion from the punishment due to his cussion of religious subjects: and not having is strongly reported, that the successor to Dr. been, I fear, fortunate enough yet to satisfy your Husscy (whose disaffcction was su mauitcst, that lord: hip’s mind, as to the objections you make 19 perhaps government consulted its disposition to our religion, I should be glad, with your lordship's leniry much more than its dury, when it permitted permission, to state them to some of our superior him to relura to Ireland) is to be a man also noclergy, who would, I am pretty certain, enable me toriously disaffected. If the appointment is to be to convince your lordship, that our religious doc. made in the usual manner at the recommendation trine preaches charity and brotherly love to all of the higher order of your clergy, I can not think mankind, without distinction of religion; true that much of loyally is to be expected from these who sem and sincere allegiance to our good king; in viola commended such a wan, If the authority of the See of ble attachment to the constitution and our coun Rome superscdes the ordinary recommendation, it try; from an honest and conscientious conviction must be recollected that that authority is now in that such is the duty of a good subject, and a good the bands of France; indeed it cannot be forgotcatholic, be the religion of the Monarch wbut it ten that your whole pricithood acknowledge ubemay. For my own part, my lord, I canuot attiin dience to one who is the vassal of France, who bure the unfortunate situation of this country to exists as a temporal prince at least only by the any thing connected with matters of religious permission of France, the avowed enemy of the gov faith; jacobinisin and French principles and po vernment under which we live; under such cir. litics, the want of morality, and the depraved cumstances, it cannot be believed, that any honest state of the human mind, are, I conceive, the and conscientious means have been a will be takea sources of our misfortunes; religion may have by the priests of the Romish persuasioa to make been made a tool by wicked and designing people: the lower orders of the people, composing their this has often happened in every country, and is congregations, loyal subjects of the Protestat gua easily effected when religious differences exist. vernment of this country, I have the honour The distracted and melancholy state we are in,

to be, &c. &c.


Printed by Cox and Baylis, No. 75, Great Queen Street, and published by R. Bagshaw, Bow Street, Covent

Gasden, where former Numbers may be had; sold also by J, Budd, Crowa and Mitre, Pall-Mall.

Vol. V. No. 7.]

London, Saturdais, 187h February, 1904.

[ Price 100

"I may be blamed at such an awful crisis for speaking so plainly; but plein dealing is now the only

" method to recover public credit.-Paper is oniy a good thing while we have means of converting " it into casb.

We shall not long be able, afrer ille inundation of paper to which this system gives " birth, to stop Ministers from making Bank Notes a legai lender, and sheu adicu to the appearance " of specie at the Bank, and soon aficrwards to the real value of the Bank Nore...

It may “ be said, that, in the present state of the country, it is wrong to lay before the Public so dark a u statement. I say, Sir, nothing is wrong that is true; *o tvil is so mucosf *Anceniment

[ mus! oppose " this system of delusion chat has so long practised 2 sort the country, Jr. Skerdian's Speech, Marciel,

1797. See POLITICAL PROTEUS, P. 325 and 325. 225)


who sometimes appeared to be the deleExtracted froin Observations on the present gales of counties. They formed a Parlis

State of Ireland, by Lord Shind; pub mcpt of their own; they resolved what they Visbid January, 1785.

pleise:l, and, of course, that the other Parlia. Page 360. It is now necessary to go back

ment was a bad one. So far every thing to the year 1778, to take notice of a pho went on a; might be expected, &c. &c. &c. nomenon which began to appear about that Page 370. The good oriler which at first time. The like never has been observed in prevailed in these cor is, is not less extraorany country, at least where there was an dinary inan their rise and progress ; but it established government.

To describe it is to be imputed to the good dispusition of the strictly, it may be called an army unauiho generality of the members, 1201 to the nature rised by the laws, and uncontrouled by the of tbuir constitution. It seems miraculous that government of ihe country ; but it was ge no nuischic bas yet brippenedl. The mildness nerally known by the name of - Volunteers of goveroment, and the good temper of the of Ireland." Their constitution bore soine army, have done their part. None niore semblance of a connexion with the execu likely, however, to be misled, tban men cóltive power; and arms, belonging to the lecteie as they bave been, conceiving, a bigb state, and stored under the care of the lieu opinion of ibuir consequence and strengih. tenants of counties, were delivered to them They are liable to be perverted, and turned upon the alarm of foreign invasion. So far, to the worst purposes; and in almost every therefore, they seemed to be countevanced instance of the kind it has proved so. Will by government; but in a short time they meaning men, who may at one time be at ibeir caused no little jealousy and uneasiness. The bend, may, at orber times, find themselves arms issued from the public stores were in

wirbout autbority, and at lengeb be obliged to sufficient to supply the rapid increase of the give way to those wbose business is 10 inflame Volunteers. The rest, together with the

and pervert.

The young and active, and necessary accoutrements, and a considerable those who are not in the habit of thinking, number of field pieces, were procured by

will be led from one deviation to another, themselves. It answered the purpose of op.

till at last they are advanced too far to go position in both countries to speak bighly of

bick; and so one, otherwise respectable mén, ihem, and the supporters of government in who have something to lose and little to both countries mentioned them with civility, gain, will repent of their attempts, to assist &c. &c. &c.

themselves at elections by volunteering, or Page 362. Under these circumstances the through the medium of an affected good Volunteers, preserving, for a time, a degree

will towards reform. All that is hinted at of reserve and decency, kept at a certain may not happen; yet most assuredly, some distance, but were never entirely out of of the politicians of Ireland are playing with sight. They had been serviceable in sup.

most dangerous two-edged weapons. Such porting the civil magistrate ; fewer castles, measures do not become them: such are houses, or lands, were kept by forcible pos.

the ladders on which the otherwise insigoisession ; and sheriffs were enabled to do their

ficant and vicious members of society, or duty, &c. &c. &c.

men of desperate situations, mount, and But the many-licaded monster soon began with conter pt look down on the miserable to think it would be proper lo reform the

tools, through whose fully they were epastate, and to purge the Parliament of Ire bled to ascend, &c. &c. &c. laned. This several corps sent delegaics,

Tape 374. Hleverer unpleasant, tbese are


matters bigbly proper, as well as necessary, to ensued, which was quieted by postponing be stated, and he who endeavours to unfold the consideration of the matter to a future the fatal consequences of measures, the outside day. On the day appointed to pay them of which may appear fair, is the real friend the twenty shillings allowed them by go. to a country,

vernment for drill days, the regulations were again offered for signing. Thirty-eighe put their hands, the rest persisted in refu

sing ir, and eighteen, mark, only eighteen, threw ŞIR,— So many instances of the mis up their clothes, with much insolence ; conduct of the volunteers, have been re not into the house of ihe person alluded to, corded of late in your Register, that I did but at the Bull Head Inn, where the comnot think it necessary, to add to the dis mittee was then sitting. Some of the sece. gracelul list, by giving you an account of ders, I cannot say how many, for I myself the proceedings of the Ewell corps. I saw only two, stuck a bit of blue ribband in vainly hoped it would have passed off, their hals, but I was not a witness of any without attracting the public notice; but, 1 parading, or other marks of triumph.-All there having appeared in your Register of ihis was certainly extremely improper, and the 4th inst, a letrer signed C. S., I must highly reprehensible, but it must not be take the liberty, in justice to my reiglıbours, placed to ihe account of disaffection; it orito point out to you some inaccuracy in that ginated in another cause, and which is no. Statement. However highly reprehensible torious to every inhabitant of Ewell. An the conduct of the men has on some occa unfortunate prejudice prevailed against the sion been, yet, it is not just that a larger gentleman who was proposed for their capportion of obloquy should be thrown on tain. He had been a caprain in the service them than they really deserve. In doing of the East India Company, and it was supthis, I must not be considered as defending posed by ibe men, that the rigour necessary the sy.tem; it is a systein, which I depre 10 regulare a ship's company, would incate as strongly as you can do; it is a si sa fluence his conduct in the command of the tem, which I am persuaded, if not speedily corps. He was, however, appointed, notand radically amended, will be productive withstanding strong symptoms of aversion of evils to this country, more tremendous were inanifested at the nomination, a cirthan I dare to think of. The tenour of the cuinstance which has been productive of letter I allude 10, undoubiedly tends to much ill-humour among the men, and much convey to those unacquainted with the insolence to himself, and wbich nothing but corps, an idea, that it is an extremely dis the utmost forhearance, and a strong sense affected one; nothing less can be inferred of the duly he owed his country at this trefrom it. It is to obviate that impression mendous crisis, could ever have induced alone, that mustapologize for my intruding him to submit to. This prejudice has never on you. The letter asserts, that the oath abated; for, you Sir, who are so good a of allegiance was generally, if not whally, re judge of human nature, must be sensible, fused, when it was rendered to them. This how extremely difficult, nay, I may say, I positively and most unequivocally deny. how impossible it is to eradicate a prejudice The oath was taken by every individual in from an uninformed mind. This prejudice, the corps. It was the repetition of that oath, whether well or ill-founded, appears to have containing the additional words " heirs and been the cause of the irregularities the corps

successors! which was objecred to. have been guilty of, I must here complain Having taken one oath, they considered of C. S.'s want of candour in bis letter. He Second unnecessary, and thought it a re has stated, that on the regulations being flection on their honour, that their loyalty to proposed to them, “ they threw up"? What the King's heirs should be doubted; and, dies this mean, but the while corps ? Can most absurdly supposed, thac it was a de the most ingenious sophisery apply any ception; and, that it was intended to trick other nicaning to the expression : 1 again them into a something, they knew not what. ręp at that eighteen only of 120

or threw All arguments to col.vince them to the con “ up." Either c. s. is ignorant of the trary were then useless. At the same time real circumstances of the case or he is not. they refused to sign the regulations, which If the latter, what is the inference? I leave were then offered them, under the same my readers to judge.

Since the date of idea. These regulations were merely in C. S.'s letter, many of the men have re, ponded to promote ihe discipline of the pented of their conduct; and have signed corps, without binding them to any thing the regulations, and there are strong rea: more. On this some degree of commotiop sous for suppoging that the greatest past

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will follow their example, and I trust that effected against us, and by the discernment, if the necessity should unfortunately arise, political acquirements and elegance of manthey will not be found any ways interior to ners which ihey possess, to effectually countheir fellow countrymen in loyalty and cou teract all the machiavelian, workings of a rage. I hope, Sir, that this plain siatement Segur, a Sieyes, or any veteran of Gallic diof tacts, will remove the imputation of dis- plonacy. -To a court of all others the affection, which C. S. apparently, has en. most our interest to gain a control over, we deavoured to throw on them; on no other continue in office a most worthy admiral, ground do I endeavour to defend them; and, but one who has not the smallest pretenas to the eighteen seceders, who have so sions to the character of a courtier ; 1o anobasely deserted thcir country in the hour of ther court, where intrigue and delicate condanger, I hold them up to the detestation of duct are particularly requisite, we send a their country, and leave them to the con gentleman, who will, no doubt, give the tempt and to the indignation which their in world a very good account on his return of famous conduct so richly deserves.

Greek antiquities, but who is about as much Sir, yours, &c.

OBSERVER. a match for Gen. Brane in the Divan, as Excell, Feb. 7th 1804.

that gentleman is to him in a translation of Persius. But it is unnecessary to particu.

larize further, and I will say a few words on CORPS DIPLOMATIQUE.

the other subject I complain of, namely, the S18-Of all the absurdities and errors total disregard to the opinions of the whole which have characterised the conduct of the Continent with respect to this country in present adasinistration, the neglect they have general, but more particularly her plunging manifested in not correcting a fault of their Europe again into a disastrous warfare, predecessors in office, is not the least re Sir; Lord Hawkesbury bas been told, to my markable. I mean, Sir, the appointment of knowledge, and from excellent authority, inetticient persons to fill the post of minis that froin one end of Germany to the other, ters at foreign courts, as well as adopting the press teems with atrocious calumnies sume mode whereby the shameless false against England, which from never being hoods propagated all over the Continent in contradicted, gain implicit belief in propordisparagement of this country should be tion as we are belied; the conduct and eflectually met and refuted. Regarding

Regarding views of the French are exalted up to the The first, may it not fairly be asked, has any skies, all the evils flowing from the war are circumstance occurred in the politics of Eu imputed to us, while the perfidious measures rope within these late years, to render the of France are represented as merely necesemployment of talent and genius less neces sary precautions on her part, to check the sary now on our part in the diplomatic de

overgrown power we have assumed in conpartment, than in the days of Lord Chathani tineotal affairs; this is a fact potorious, and and Lord Chesterfield ? Yet it is in every thus, by the means of the foreign press, we are one's memory, how much importance the at this moment objects of universal hatred, latter of these stalesmen annexes to the edu and I fear, contempt. Has any measure been cation, manners, and studies of those who

taken to administer a counter poison? None! ale destined to fill the station of ministers at Is it not apparent that a few thousand foreign courts ; his sentiments are fully de pounds, judiciously expended, would create tailed in his letters to his son, and are well us some partisans, at least, and that gross worthy the perusal of the present Secretary mis-statements, should be publicly refutof State for the Foreign Department. But ed, and the public mind insensibly led to in lieu of any atteption whatever heing paid think less meanly of this country, and less to this selection, it should appear, that the favourably of our insidious foe? Yet, so above gentleman considered ihe office as paltry, so wretchedly economical is Mr. merely a sinecure for the provisioning sone Addington's system, ihat the same causes favourite clerk. At a moment when inırigue that induced bim and his colleagues to order and cabal is the order of the day in every all the gun-cases and barrack furniture to foreign cabinet, when every art and false be sold after the treaty of Amnieos, still opehood is devised which wickedness can ima rate to prevent a recourse to the measure I gine, to sap and shake the foundation of propose, though these ninoy-hammers might, Great Britain, by destroying all confidence I should have thought, have known the effiin her integrity and faith, we send over cacy of it from the benefit they derive young gentlemen, who, at capping verses, from newspaper and booksellers' good-will, would, perhaps, be equal to any of their op owing, as they do, entirely the preservation ponents, to eradicate the mischief already of their present stations to it. A. W.

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