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pointed the calculation that had been made delivered up to men who had not deposited before-hand of their produce. The direct either money or merchandize, and who contributions have been collected with more were not to furnish value till the payment case. The operations which were to esta- should have been made at the public treablish the respective proportions of the tax on sury. Hence a scandalous reduction in property of the different departments, pro | America, hence a jobbing still more scan. ceed with rapidity. The subdivision will dalous in Europe. Here the government become invariable. We shall never again | imposes on itself, a rigorous duty, to put a witness that opposition of different interests stop to the course of this imprudent meawhich corrupted public justice, and that jea- sure, to save the nation the losses with which lous rivalship which threatened the industry it was menaced, and above all to redeen and prosperity of all the departments. The its credit by a just severity. An agent of Prefects, the General Council, have request. | the public treasury was dispatched to St. ed that the same operation should extend to Domingo, charged to check the books, and all the communes of their departments, for the chest of the Pav-Master General; to the purpose of ascertaining amongst them the a certain how many drafts had been created, grounds of a proportional subdivision. An op what authority, and in what form; how arrêté of government has authorised this ge- many had been negotiated, and on what peral operation, become more simple, more conditions: whether they had been negoeconomical by the success of the partial ope- tiated for real value, or without effective ration. Thus, in a few years all the Com- | value; or whether to discharge real debts, munes of the Republic, will have each in a / or to fulsl feigned contracts.- Eleven particular table, ihe plan of its territory, the millions in drafts which were not yet in cir. divisions are the proportions of the properties culation were cancelled; some information that compose it; and the General Councils, l has been obtained as to the others. The and the Councils of the arrondisements will dralis whose full value had been received, find in the junctions of all those plans, the were paid off with interest from the day elements of a division just in its principles they became due to the day of payment. and constant in its proportions. The sink. Those that were issued without effective ing fund fulfils with constancy and fidelity value, have been proved false, in as much its destination. Already in possession of a as the bills bear the words for money adportion of the public debt, it every day accu- | vanced, though the procès-verbal of paymulales a treasure, which secures to the state ment proves that none had been advanced: ** speedy liquidation : a rigid responsibility | these have been submitted to a severe exam and inviolable fidelity have rendered the adm ination. "Thus the government will satis: ininistrators worthy of the confidence of go. | fy the justice which it owes to the lawful vernment, and insures to them the interest creditors, and which it owes to the nation, of the citizens. The melting down of the | whose rights it is bound to defend.-Peace coin is carried on without bustle or shock; I was in the wishes and in the intentions of it was a scourge while the principles were the government. It had wished for it misunderstood; it is become the most sim- | amidst the yet uncertain chances of war; ple operation, since public faith and the rules it had wished for it in the midst of victoof good sense have adjusted its conditions. I ries. It was to the prosperity of the repubAt the Treasury, the public credit has main lie that it henceforth attached all its glory. tained itself in the midst of the shocks of Al home it awakened industry, it encouwar, and the rumours of interested indivi. raged the arts, it undertook ejther useful duals. The public Treasury supplied the works, or monuments of national grandeur. expenses of the Colonies, either by direct re- | Our vessels were scattered over every sea, mittances, or by operations on the Continent and reposed on the faith of treaties. They of America. The administrators were ena. | were employed only in restoring our colobled, if the remittances proved insufficient, | nics to France and to happiness, there was 10 obtain a supply by drafts on the public no armanent in our ports, nothing menaTreasury; but conformably to prescribed | cing on our frontiers. And this was the forms, and to a limited extent. A mass of 1 moment which the British government drafts (amounting to two millions) had been I chose to alarm its nation, to cover the Chansuddenly created at St. Domingo, without | nel with ships, to insult our commerce by the consent of government, and out of all / injurious inspections, and our coasts and proportion to present or future wants. I ports, as well as those of our allies, by the Men without character have lawked them presence of its menacing forces. If on the at the Havannah, at Jamaica, in the United ligth Ventôse of ilie i nth year (March States; they have been every where ex- | 1803); there existed an extraordinary, posed in the market to shameful reduction, Imament in the fronts of France and ho
land; if a single preparation was made in war, it has augmented its monstrous code by them to which the most remote suspicion the pretended right of blockading rivers and could give a sinister interpretation, then we canals. If the King of England has sworn are the agressors; the message of the King to continue ihe war till he shall have reduof England, and his hostile attitude have ced France to sign such dishonourable treabeen rendered necessary, by a legitimate ties as ill fortune and weakness formerly precaution; and the English people had a signed, ihen the war will be long. France right to believe that we threatened their consented in the treaty of Amiens to modeindependence, their religion, their consti rate conditions; she will never acknowledge lution : but if the assertions of the message any less favourable-nay more, she will newere false, if they were contradicted by the ver acknowledge in the British government opinion of Europe, as well as by the con the right of fulfilling its engagements only science of the British government, then that as may suit the progressive calculations of government bave deceived their nation; its ambition, nor the right of requiring furthey have deceived it by precipitating it, ther guarantees after the guarantee of faith without reflection, into a war, the terrible plighted. But if the treaty of Amiens has effects of which now begin to be felt in not been executed, how can we expect, in England, and the results of which may be regard to a new one, a faith more holy, or decisive of its future destiny. The aggres- oaths more sacred ? Louisiana is henceforth sor, however, ought alone to answer for the united to the American States; we shall calamities which afflict humanity. Malta, preserve friends there whose remembrance the cause of this war, was in the power of of a common origin will always attach them the English; it remained with France to to our interest, while favourable commercial arm to effect its independence; France relations will unite their prosperity with ours. waited in silence for the justice of England; The United States are indebted to France and it was England who began the war, for their independence; they will henceforth even without a declaration. By the disper owe !o us their strength and grandeur. Spain sion of our ships, and the security of our remains neutral. Helvetia is re-established commerce, our losses might have been im- | in her constitution, which has suffered no wense: we foresaw these circumstances, I change, but what has been rendered neceir and we would have supported them with- sary by lapse of time, and change of opinions. out discou ragement or weakness, but hap- The retreat of our troops from that country pily they have been less than we appre- 1 is a proof of its internal security, and of the hended : our ships of war lave returned to end of i's dissentions. The ancient treaties European ports, one only excepted, which have been renewed, and France bas regained had long been employed merely as a trans- her oldest and most faithful ally. Peace port, has fallen into the hands of the enemy. reigns in Italy; a division of the army of the Of two hundre millions, which the English Italian Republic is at this time crossing cruizers inight have ravished from our France to encamp with our own on the sea commerce, more than two-thirds have been coast. These batialions will there meet with preserved. Our privateers have avenged innumerable vestiges of that patience, brathese losses by important captures, and very, and heroismo which distinguished their they will complete their revenge by others ancestors. The Ottoman Empire, fatigued more important. Tobago and St. Lucia 1 by undermining intrigues, will gain by the were defenceless, and were obliged to sur interests of France the support which ancient render to the first force which appeared; alliances,'a recent treaty, and its geographibut our great colonies are yet preserved, cal position give it a right to demand. The and the attacks made against them by the tranquillity given to the Continent by ilie enemy have proved fruitless. Hanover is in treaty of Luneville, is secured by the last our power; 25,000 of the best troops of the acts of ile Dict of Ratisbon. The enlighi. enemy havelaid down their arms and become ened interest of the great powers, the fideprisoners of war. 'Our cavalry has been | lity of the French Government, in cultivarremounted at the expense of ihat of the | ing with them relations of good will and enemy; and a possession which was dear to friendship; the justice, the energy of the the King of England, is in our hands, á nation, and the forces of the Tiepublic will pledge of that justice which he will be com. guarantee it. (Signed) Buonaparte, pelled to render to us. On the seas, British By order of the First Consul, H. B. Marai. despotism daily adds to its usurpation ; in
Legislative Body: : 177 the last war it struck terror into the neutral Presidency of Fontanes, Jan. 17. nations, by arrogaling to itself an inimical After the adoption of the proces verbal, and revolting pretension of declaring whole the Counsellors of State, Bergouen, Dauchy, Coasts in a state of siege: in the present and Sainte Suzanne, were introduced as ora
tors of the Government, charged to present | leaves me no room to doubt that you will to the Legislative Body the Exposé of the exert yourself to the best of your judgment state of the Republii'.
for this important purpose, and the same Citizen Dauchy read this Exposé as above ; distinguished loyalıý that probably marked when it was concluded, tbe President replied | your lordship, as one to whom nothing could to the orators of the Government in the fol be safely uttered, lending to demonstrate lowing terms:
any disposition towards the retrellious out: " Citizens Counsellors of State, the Le | rages which have of late produced such gislative Body has never looked to any thing dreadful effects, and excited so much alarm. but the interests of the country, and those But, I fear there have been too many in of the Government which at this day can nowhose presence and hearing demonstrations Longer be different. It has constantly sought, have been made and uttered, which ought in the constitation, its duties rather than its | to have alarmed the minds of loyal men, privileges ; it occupied itself about the na- and' induced them to communicate the tion, and not about itself; and it thought ground of that alarm to those in authority itself sufficiently great as often as it was use under the government, and especially to the ful. It promises never to change. Grati- l justices of the peace in their several distude can add nothing to its zeal ; and of all tricts, but who have thought fit to retain the the advantages it can derive from a new or impression made on their minds within their ganization, it is the first in its eyes, to dis- | own breasts, and to leave the chance of disa play, with more splendour and authority, covery to other means. The persons to those principles by which it was always go whom I allude, have principally been per verned. ---The picture which you have sons professing to hold the same religious drawn of our internal situation, is encourag faith with your lordship-and over whom I ing as it is faithful. The Government does most sincerely hope your lordship's high not deceive the French perple. Its deputies character may give that influence which who hear you, assembled here from all the justly belongs to it. It would be highly imdepartments, ackoowledge individually the portant, therefore, that your lordship, in the benefits of which you have presented to us discharge of your duty as a magistrate, the sum. They have seen what you have should take every opportunity of clearly depicted, and all the voices of France raise stating, and most strongly inculcating and themselves in some measure in this assem- enforcing the great duty of allegiance, and bly to brar testimony to the truth of your that, that duty is not confined to forbear. discoveries. Cirizens Counsellors of State, ance from open rebellion, or even from acts the Legislative Body, in conformity with he | tending towards rebellion, that true alles terms of the 30th article of the 5th head of giance is an active duty, requiring every the organic Senatus Consultum of ihe 18th | man not only to suppress rebellion when it of December last, is about to form itself into shall shew itself in violence, but to disclose a general commillee to examine the import-| | to that government under which he lives, ance of the message which you have sub whether he be a natural born subject of mitted to it, and to come to resolutions wor- that government or sojourner only under thy of itself, and of the Government which | its protection, every thing which can raise sends you."
ground for suspicion of disloyalty in others : It was moved, that the Exposé which had and it is particularly important that your been cominonicated to the Legislative Body, lordship should, as a magistrate, state and should be ordered to be printed. The print enforce, that persons knowing of a treasoning was ordered.
able purpose who do not disclose it, are
guilty in the eye of the law of that crime Correspondence between the Lord Chancellor of which has been denominated misprision of Ircland and the Earl of Fingall. treason, and if they yield any kind of asseut
Dublin, 15th Aug. 1803. to the intended treason, they become trais MY LORD, According to your lord tors themselves. Your lordship's enlarged ship's request I have signed, with great and liberal mind, distinguishing clearly bepleasure, a warrant for your lordship's ap- tween spiritual and temporal concerns, pointment to be justice of the peace for the must feel that there can be na duty of relicounty of Meath. At this moment, my gion contrary to the duty of allegiance, and lord, it is peculiarly important that every indeed no man, however ignorant or prejuperson entrusled specially with the preser | diced, can read the holy scriptures without vation of the public peace, shonld know finding that the duty of allegiance to a Paand conscientiously pursue the strict line of gan government, was strongly and repeathis duty. Your lordship’s distinguished | edly enforced by Christ and his apostles, loyalty at all times, and on all occasions, I and especially by the latter, who found the Christians of their time too much disposed the maintenance of religion, however conscito consider their faith in Christ, as absolving entiously they may think that the ends of them from their allegiance to the country religion would be bet'er answered by puto in which they lived. I am truly sorry to ting those of the Romish persuasion in place say, that I fear in this country all who pro- of those of the Catholic faith, they cannot, sess to be ministers of the gospel of Christ, consistently with the duty of their allegiance, do not teach Christ's doctrine of allegiance pursue that purpose by abetting, or even to their socks, and I particularly lament to by declining to resist and suppress the rebind in the minds of men who assume the bellious conspiracy formed for that purpose, bighest rank amongst the ministers of the I have no doubt that the firm and diso Roman persuasion, the frequent use of lan- | tinguished loyalty which has marked your guage tending to raise in the minds of the lordship's characier in every other situation, ignorant, an opinion that none are to be of life, will guide your steps in the discharge considered as members of the Catholic of your duties as a magistrate.----May Church of Christ, that none are therefore God, to whom all our errors and imperfecto be esteemed as brethren in Christ, but tions are known, protect and guard you, those who profess adherence to the See of and lead you to that end which will most Rome. Until the minds of men are brught accord with the bencficent purposes for to a different tempereuntil the priests of which the oslice of magistracy were intendthe Roman persuasion shall cease to incul. ed, and for which alone, I am persuaded, cate to those under their instruction, doc- you prevail on yourself to undertake so arUsines so repugnant to their temporal alle- duous a charge under circumstances of so giance until they shall cease to inculcate much difficulty. I have the honour to be, that all who differ from them in religious with the most sincere respect and esteem. opinions, are to be considered as guilty of My lord, your lordship's faithful hum. defection from the See of Rome, that is as ble servant, (Signed) REDESDALE, guilty of rebellion (including his Majesty's
Aug. 15, 1803. sacred person in that description), it can MY LORD, I have the honour to receive not be expected that vulgar men should your Lordship’s letter, and am much obligthink themselves bound by any tie of alles led to you for appointing me a magistrate of giance to a king thus represented to them, the county of Meath, al a time when the as himself guilty of a breach of what is task is so arduous. I niust beg leave to astermed a higher duty of allegiance. That | sure you, that nothing but my most anxious liberty of conscience which those of the desire to be useful by every means in my Roman persuasion desire for themselves, power, would have induced me to solicit the they ought to allow to others, and they do | commission of the peace. Permit me to renot allow that liberty of conscience, but on turn your Lordship my best thanks for the the contrary sanction the worst of persecu. very able and excellent instructions containtions wherever they treat any man sincere. ed in your letter-it shall be my unceasing ly believing in Christ the Redeemer of endeavour to prove myself not unworthy the Mankind, as not a member of the Catholic post of trust confided to me, for which I or Universal Church founded by Christ and should feel myself very ill qualified if I did his apostles, because that man does not be not understand the duries of active loyalty lieve all that they believe of the See of to be such as are laid down by your Lord. Rome and of the doctrines taught by it. I ship. I have always been taught that, that can consider no man (whatever his profession man was a traitor and violated his allegiof loyalty may be) as truly the layal subject ance who concealed any plot against the of a king whom he thus holds up to his peo- state to this opinion all those who profess ple as the object of disaffection, nay of ha- the same religious faith that I do are bound tred, because that king holiis a different by the most solemn pledge. I am sorry any opinion in matters of religion from those have deviated from it, they cannot be, I am who adhere to the See of Rome, and be- persuaded, those remarkable for their relia cause he refuses any obedience in matters lious and good conduct. --' It gives ine temporal to that See. It will be your duty, much concern, and I should be very sorry my lord, as a justice of the peace, with the it were generally conceived, that your Lord: most anxious attention, to respect no man ship, the person to whom the Catholics of whose conduct shall tend to disturb it; to another part of the United Kingdom véver exhort all men by patience and forbearance, cease expressing their obligations; with your as wellas by exertion, to use their utmost en. I superior talents, enlightened and liberal deavour to preserve it and however anxiously mind, holding ihe high situation you do in they may wish for a change in the establish- | this country, with so much credit to yourmeat provided for by the law of the land for self and advantage to the public, should have any opinion in any degree unfavourable of stating to your Lordship what I consider the Irish Catholics. My Lord, the Catholic Catholic principles and Catholic conduct. Teligion is the same every where; I very re- | Standing in the situation I do, I feel it my luctantly enter upon the subject. Religious duty to vindicate the Catholics from any disputes I have always considered the great | unfavourable opinion entertained. That your est misfortunes any country could experi. Lordship should know and properly appreence. I must, however, beg leave to state ciate their sentiments and conduct is my to your Lordship what I have always found only aim, and would be, I am sure, highly to be the conduct and faith of the Catholic.
gratifying to them.--I beg pardon for I need not speak of his attachment to and trespassing so long on your Lordship; but respect for an oath ; were he less delicate, when there is a question of the conduct aud why should he labour under any exclusion opinions of so large a portion of his Majesnow, or have suffered many years of penal ty's subjects, at a time that every man is restriction. I must say I never heard a Ca- wanting 1o defend the empire, you will, I tholic wish for the overthrow of the Protes trust, excuse me, and I think I could not tant establishment, and setting up in its place give your Lordship a beijer proof that I one of his own religion-this was not, as is shall endeavour to merit the good opinion well ascertained, the object of the promoter you are so kind as to entertain of me, which of the rebellion in 1798; nor do I believe I hope I shall never forfeit. &c. &c. &c. it was of the ruffians and murderers who
(Signed) FINGALL. disgraced this country on a la’e occasion.
Dublin, Aug 21, 1803. The Catholic is ready at this moment to sa
MY LORD:- Many parts of your Lordship's Tetcrifice his life, his property, every thing dear
ter have given me much pain. I have no doubt
that your ī.ordship has every feeling of Christian to him in support of the present constiiu charity towards those who differ from you in retion, in defence of that beloved Sovereign to ligious opinion ; but I have daily experience, that whom your Lordship does not seem to think
the same charily does not prevail among ! a great we look up with that veneration and grati.
many who profess to be of the same religious per
suasion as your Lordship. I am fully persužited tude which I assure you we do. The
that the want of truc Christian charity, one to. Catholic wishes no other family on the wards the other, has been the real cause of all the ihrone, no other constitution, but certainly unfortunate events which have of late disgraced wishes to be admitted, whenever it shall be this country; and I think it the duty of every deemed expedient, to a full share in the be
man, however he may differ in poinis of faith
from others, to endeavour to impress the great riefits and blessings of that happy constiu.
doctrine of Christian charity on the minds of all, tion under which we live-a participation as the only means of restoring peace to this diswhich, I trust, we have and shall continue tracred country. Your Lordship scenis to imato prove ourselves not undeserving of. Ca. 1 gine that those inhabicants of Ireland, who adhere
in matters of faith to the doctrines of the Sce of tholic loyalty and allegiance, I need not tell
Rome, are disposed to discontent; because, as your Lordship, would oblige every one of
your Lordship is pleased to express yourself, they are that persuasion to resist or repel even the not admitted to a full share of ihe benefits and head of the see of Rome, were it possible to blessings of the happy constitution under which
they live. If your Lordship means they are dissuppose that the usurper, who now disturbs
contented, because they are not admitted to be the peace of the world, would send hiin here
members of either house of Parliament; or to hold with his invading army. My Lord, the
certain great offices ; or because they are excluded doctrine of allegiance is perfectly under-1 from the throne; I must coutess, I cannot believe stood, and unceasingly preached by the Ca that the lower orders of the people in Ireland,
amongst whom the fernir'nt priocipally prevails, tholic clergy. I have just seen an address
have any anxiety on the subject, cxcept as it may in the newspapers, from Dr. Coppinger to
be raised in their minds by others; and your his flock at Cloyne, in which Catholic prin Lordship must allow that nó disturbances, of the ciples and allegiance are much more fully | same description, are excited' amongst the Quakers, explained and inculcated than I could at- who certainly are liable to more disabilities, for
conscience sake, than those of which your Lordtempt doing. The late exhortation of the
| ship complains. I am afraid, or rather, I am Rev. Dr. Troy, in Dublin, your Lordshippersuaded, tiat the difference arises from the difhas probably seen, and his character for dis ferent temper given to their minds by their relia tinguished loyalty is known to every one. gious instructors : that the Quaker is taught to
live' in charity with all men, whilst those who In 1796, when Hoche's fleet were in Ban
follow the Scc of Rome are unfortunately taught a. try Bay, the Rev. Dr. Moylan published an
very confined cbarity, being told they are excluaddress to his people in Cork, for whieh,
sively members of the church of Christ: and had the French landed, he would undoubt those whose minds have not been enlargce by edly have lost his head. Surely, my Lord, I education or babit, feel it dihealt to conceive
how those whom they are taught to consider as solerun pledges and distinguished acts of
not members of the church, can be deemed Chris... loyalty are the best proofs that can be given. I tians; and accordingly, your Loidship will find,
I have, my Lord, taken the liberty of | upov in quiry, that the appellation or heathen is