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and Batavian military force in Holland and nancy throughout the kingdom, most peZealand, including the entire coast from the remptorily requiring, that all the regiments, West Scheldt to che Texel, it is said, does of militia shall be completed to their full not exceed forty thousand men, garrisons in establishment immediately, on pain of having cluded. One of the principal bodies of the the fines levied for all short of the compledisposable force is assembled in the neigh- ment.—Ihe regiment of Light Dragoons, bourhood of the Helder, and consists of about commanded by his Royal Highness the Prince, seventeen thousand men, chiefly French. of Wales, which has been for some time The army may, however, be, at any time, quartered at Brighton, has been ordered, augmented by any part of the troops in Ha from that station to Guildford. The reasons nover. There is another small army of about for which this change was made, are said to eight thousand men collected in the island be a regard for the personal safety of the of Walcheren, apparently intended more for Heir Apparent. defensive than offensive operations. Io con NAVAL.The council of marine of the formity to some late arrangements, the Ba Batavian republic has issued orders to the tavian troops have been ordered to approach respective commanders in the roads of the nearer to the coast, for the purpose of being republic, for summoning all superior as well more contiguous to the poris where the em as inferior naval otficers, and others absent barkations are to be made, Several corps will on leave, to repair without loss of time to enter Holland,and lie in Delft;Leyden, Haar their respective ships, and to grant no fura lem and Amsterdam, thus forming a line to loughs in future; and also, ibat all the naembark as soon as orders may be received. tional ships and vessels of war be immeThe legislative body of the Italian Republic, diately put and kept in readiness to be em. at the request of government, has agreed to ployed in actual service at the shortest nomeasures for contributing to the expedition iice.-In consequence of remonstrances froin against England, by a direct aid of naval and the municipalities of Vlaardingen and Maasland forces. The legislature bas therefore lois, the Batavian government has, for the provided means to defray the expense of present, abandoned the design of requiring these auxiliaries, and the law on that subject a number of fishing hookers, on board of has been proclaimed. It orders the imine which it was intended to transport troops, diate raising of 5,500,000 of Milanese livres, &c. for the expedition against Great-Britain.. by a land-iax, payable at a very short period; - On the 15th of Sepiember, last, Captain wbich sum is to be placed at the disposal of Graves, of his Majesty's ship Blenheim, disthe executive power, for the construction of covered a small schooner privateer endeatwo frigates and twelve gun-boats, as well as vouring to get into Port-Royal: be accordfor the equipment of iroops. — The greater ingly dispatched his boals to cut her otř, and part of the Italian troops, intended for France, after a long chese, they boarded and carried are already on their march; the sixth, se her. She proved to be the French privateer venth, and eighth columns have set out from Fortunée, of two guns and twenty-nine nen, Milan, on their march, by the way of the -On the 20th of October, Captain YoungSimplon and the Valais, to enter the French husband, of the Osprey, cruizing off Triniterritory by Geneva. The French troops in dad, discovered the French privateer La RieItaly still keep their old positions; the only source; not being able to come up with her thing new which has taken place is the re himself, Capt. Y. sent his boats to attack duction of the garrison of Leghorn to fifteen her, and notwithstanding the privateer kept hundred men, in consequence of a request up a heavy fire from the

up a heavy fire from the guns and musketry, made to the First Consul by the Queen of they succeeded in capturing her. She moontEtruria. The corps which have quitted Leg. cd four guns, and carried forty-three men, horn hare marched for ihe Neapolitan coasts two of whom were killed and twelve woundof the Adriatic, to which place some others ed during the action. -- Capt. Younghusband have repaired from Upper Italy.-In Great- having put Lieut. Collier and sixteen men Britain, mipisters have given directions that on board the prize, she captured, on the next the military preparations throughout the day, the French privateer schooner La Mimi, country, and particularly on the coasts, shall of one gun and twenty-one men. On the be expedited with all possible dispatch. Að. 26th of December, Com. Hood, in the Cenditional works are erecting in places which taur, cruizing between Tobago and Grenada, have been thought too much exposed ; and captured, after a chase of seven hours, the all the troops in different paris have been French privateer schooner Vigilanie, of two ordered to be in a state of constant readiness. guns and forty men, besides a great quantity -Orders have, also, been issued from the of musquetry.-- Admiral Cornwallis, for War Office, to the different courts of lieute whose safety during the the late storms, the

public felt so much anxiety, arrived in Tor- him out :- Whilst taxes are imposed bay on the 30th of December, accompanied “ by the legislature, and chearfully acquiby the San Joseph and Dreadnought. The " esced in by the people, to an amount that gallant Adiniral, it is stated, was blown off “ would appear incredible to even an EngBrest, on Friday the 24th, and again attempt-1 “ lishman ten years since ; the burthen is ed to regain his station but the gale of Tues " so wisely and so equally diffsued, that it day the 27th, obliged him to return. The " is comparatively little felt, and universally ships which came in, had suffered consider “ submitted to without murmur. Every adably in their yards, rigging, &c. besides being “ ditional impost has been regulated in such much strained; but the damage was soon “ a manner as to affect each individual in repaired, and Admiral Cornwallis, after being " proportion to his means, and the greatjoined by four ships of the line and a fifty “ est tenderness has been shewn to the gun ship, from Cawsand Bay, which were “ poorer classes, by excepting them, in all ready to reinforce him, again sailed for Brest; “ cases where the operation of the tax and it is believed, that he may be now on "might prove injurious or oppressive. The his old station, Admiral Cornwallis, who “ boasted finances of France, on the conhas now been so long at sea, did not quit his " trary, are in a state of rapid decay. The ship for an instant. -Several cruizers have public revenues have, in many instances, sailed from the Downs for the coast of s been anticipated, and their produce, for France; and, it is probable, that, by this time, " some yea.s to come, raised in advance, and the British squadrons in every quarter have 1“ applied to the support of the present war. resumed their blockading stations. ·. " Neutral nations have been plundered,

" and allied states compelled to make adSUMMARY OF POLITICS.

“vances by way of loan, to prop the vauptWAR of Finance.- From the following “ has been the extravagance of the French passage, which has been extracted from a “ government's plans, or the want of pruministerial paper, there is some reason 10 • dence and economy in the prosceculion suppose, that the Doctor bas conceived the " of them, that it has been compelled to idea of triumphing over the finances of resort to the most unjust, oppressive, and Buonaparté. That of all his follies this « shameless system of extortion, in the would be the greatest there can be no doubt; - shape of taxes, that ever disgraced the but, tirst let us hear him, and then put him - administration of any civilized govern. right if we can : “ The nature of our « ment." _ That the impositions of the “ tinancial measures," says he, " must French government are unjust and oppres" prove to France, to Europe, and to the sive is very likely; but, that any thing, in “ world, «hat British resources are as ex- | the shape of a tax, can, by the French or “ haustless as the British spirit is inex- any other government, be more detestable " tioguishable. We may now retort on than the Doctor's income tax I utterly deny. " the fell tyrant his charge of approaching | It is not the amouni of it; that is not too “ bankruptcy, and appeal to Europe to de- / great ; and, besides, it is as well to pay “ cide on which side the charge is best under that name as under any other name ; “ founded.---Twelve millions of the sup- it is the abominable principle of it that I “plies raised within the year, in addition dislike, that I abhor, and that, let who will " to an aggregate of taxes already in opera- differ from me in opinion, I shall always 6. tion, unexampled in the history of any | abhor.---The French revenues are anticination, furnish too convincing a proof of pated; their produce, for some years to " what the finances of Britain are capable come, has been " raised in advance, and “ of yielding, to be overturned by the art- « applied to the support of the present war!" “ ful representatives of French scribblers." | What, in the name of common sense, does

Raised! no, no, not raised, enacted, the Doctor mean? Does he speak of a imposed by law, if you please ; but not borrowing system? Has the French governraised vet. The first quarter produced little ment been makiog loans ? Has it begun to more than half a million; the second may, saddle she nation with a debt? If so, Buo. probably, produce three half millions, and naparté has my most hearty thanks ; for, he not much more than that, though the pro will, in that case, give our grand-children a duce to the 5th of this month was estimated chance of seeing France such, in this respect, at four millions and a half. Not a penny of as Eogland now is. But, I am afraid this the income tax has yet been raised ; and I notion is not correct ; I am afraid, that the this source was to produce 4.500,000 1. outConsul has made no loans ; and, then, it of the 12,000,000 1.---But, let us hear follows, of course, that what the Doctor calls an anticipation of the revenue, is, hav- | phecies, it is a thousand to one but he ing made the people pay before-band, which would find believers in abundance. Such may, as far as I know, be to deceive those is the credulity, such the infatuation, of people; but I am certain it is very far from this enervated money-loving race. Of all proving that they are impoverished, and still the errors that we can adopt, this is the loss is it a mark of the “ rapid decay" of worst; this is infinitely the most dangerous. the resources of the government. The Our wealih will never save us. It will not Doctor thinks he has atchieved great things give us a victory over so much as a foraging in imposing a considerable portion of the | party : it will not procure us a respite for taxes that are wanted within the year; were half an hour; and, really, if we do hope he to raise, during the year, nearly as much to triumph in consequence of the drain money as the necessities of the state de which time may call for from the treasures manded for that space of time, he would be of Buonaparté, we neither shall, nor ought, regarded as the greatest of men; what, then, to escape that punishment, which sach tolly are we to think of Buonaparté, who raises and baseness have never yer failed, first or in the year all that he wants during that last, to bring upon its possessors. year! But he raises them “in advance." PARTIES.]-Upon ibis subject the public Could the Doctor raise taxes in advance anxiety is uncommonly great. All men of what a happy man would he be! He, poor sense have long been convinced, that a man, is obliged to wait till they are due ; | change, not in the Ministry, but of the Mi. and, he thinks himself well oil, if he can nistry, is necessary to give the country even . get them then. The truth is, this ministe. a chance of extricating itself from the great rial paragraph has neither sepse nor reason and numerous dangers, with which it is in it; but, its object evidently is, to revive now surrounded. But, till lately, there no that most foolish and dangerous notion, that where appeared any hope. All the great France is to be beaten by the ruin of her men of ihe kingdom ; all those to whom finances ; and, to defeat ibis object, to shew | either the people, or foreign courts, could how fallacious is the notion, and to convince possibly look with any degree of confidence, the people that France is to be beaten only seemed to be so completely divided, as to by warlike exertions, ought to be the en check every wish that arose in one's mind as deavour of every one, who writes or speaks to their coalescing in the form of a ministry, upon public affairs.- Of all the nations upon or a party. It is an old saying, that, when earth ihe English are the greatest dupes ; things are at worst, they must mend; and, as and, of all the English, the greatest dupes are our state was nearly, if not quite, as bad as it those, who dabble in politics and the funds, could be, hope, at last, seemed to grow out and who are never to be cured. Their of despair. A change for the worse is imcullibility is of a nature not to be subdued possible; and, I am inclined to think, that by the effects either of time, or suffering. we shall see a change for the better. Not Their folly is as obstinate as that of the bird, That I set so little value upon my reputation which, after baving, for ten years together, for political sagacity, as to hazard an opinion, made ten thousand attempis every day, to that ihe Doctor will, before he has brought get through the wire of his cage, begins the Monarchy to the very gates of death, be the eleventh year with unabted perseverance. driven from his ill-gotten and worse exerHow many times did Mr. Pitt tell them, cised power; but, it does appear to me, that the last war was “ a war of finance ?" | what he and his colleagaes will not be much How many scores of pamphlets, how many | longer suffered to sleep upon a bed of roses, thousands of paragraphs were written to | while they keep the people of a mighty emprove, that, if we would but hold out a pire upon the rack, -Precisely what shape little longer, the resources of the bankrupt parties will take, how men will group togeenemy must totally fail her? In order to iher, and how, at last, the two opposite convince us, that the assignats and mandats sides will stand, it is very difficult to say. must inevitably produce the utter ruin of With the minor politicians, amongst whoin France, and bring her regicide rulers to our I include myself, the great subject of spefeet, how many reams of paper did Sir culation is, what course Mr. Pitt will parFrancis D'Ivernois render still more worth sue. Supposing Mr. Fox, Mr. Windham, less than even those assignats and mandats ? Lord Grenville, and their respective friends, Sir Francis has lately, if we can trust 10 his to co-operate against the Minister; thero advertisements, reproached Buonaparté with will, in that case, be three modes of proa breach of five promises. How many ceeding, out of which Mr. Pitt must-make promises, alas! has Sir Francis broken ! his election : 1. To join the opposition ; 2. And, yet, were he to recommence his pro- To join the Minister ; 3. To secede from Par

liament ; for, as to the littie game of mo- | the credit of Lord Hawkesbury be it tions of adjournment and of previous ques. spoken, had considerable difficulty in per. tion, I think, and, for his name and fame's suading that nobleman to make part of the sake, I do sincerely hope, that he never will cabinet. Not so with the Doctor, who try that again, seeing that I never have, I jumped at it, as, before Mr. Pitt discovered from the date of Mr. Patten's molion to the his rare qualities, he would have done at a present hour, met with any man, of any half-guinea fce. But, to the mortification politics or any party, who did not condemn of " the family," it ought to be known, that the part, which Mr. Pitt, by the adyice of the place of prime minister was first offered Lord Melville, then condescended to act.- by Mr. Pilt to Mr. Dudley Rider, now Lord Each of the three courses, above described, Harrowby, who had the modesty to refuse must presest con iderable difficulties to Mr. | it. Then, and not till then, was Mr. Henry

Piit; yet, I hope, there can be little doubt Addington thought of, even by Mr. Pitt. as to which he will prefer; for, as in the | And yet, these people now affect to regard case of Achilles, by his choice will his cha- | themselves as having been selected by the racter be known.- In the mean-time, the throne, not only as ministers, but as the camp in Downing Street and Whiteball is only men that his Majesty could, or can, all upon the alert ; the fears of a foreign think of trusting with ministerial power ! have given place to the fe3“s of a domestic Towards the close of the 'Treasury pamphlet, invasion; and, it is contidently stated, that the Cursory Remarks, they have very elabothe more nervous of the set have already rately laid down their doctrine of official imbegun to reconnoitre the ground for a re- mortality : " I protest," says the author, treat. Mr. Sheridan, in his more fortunate " that, in this fearful crisis of our country, days, once compared Lord Castlereagh to a " I hope, that we have no other cause, no boy who had been let down the chimney, “ other interest, but hers! that we contend for the purpose of opening the door and let- “ not for patrons but for duties, not for parting in the gang; and, without a wish to “ ties but for the state; and we all rally speak irreverently, when I look at the mi- “ around OUR SOVEREIGN and his minispisters, in their present state, they really force “ ters, bis lieutenants, and his generals, upon my recollection pictures that I have | “ around all who have his confidence and seen in the windows, describing the anxiety “ commission. I am sure this is the faith and agitation of a nest of sharpers, when " of the constitution, and that by this aloue they hear the constables knocking at the “ we can be saved.” By this « We" the door. God send their alarm may not be in | Addingtons and the Hawkesburies mean vain! Their press, though it begins to themselves; for, as to the people, they are flag, is yet most bitter and boisterous. The to be saved, if saved at all, by causing, as cry of “ coalition" has, indeed, been fairly | far as their right and power go, the present coughed down ; but, that of " prerogative" | ministers to be hurled from their places. and “ constitution" still braves the scorn of Yes, and where is the man, who does not common sense; and, as they may, possibly, | rally round bis sovereign ? but, where is the be heard till the meeting of Parliament, it man who would not be ashamed to be thought may not be altogether unnecessary to be- to rally round the ininisters? Observe how stow a few remarks on the way, in which they have nestled ihemselves into the folds they have been, and yet are, employed.- of the royal robe! how anxious they are to It has frequently been observed, that the identify themselves with the king, and thus, modesty of the Addinglons and their col- at once, to preserve their power and to get leagues very far surpasses the assurance of | rid of all responsibility. « Our sovereign the common run of mankind, of which, if « and his ministers, biš lieutenants, and his there wanted any proof, the doctrines they “ generals ;" just as if the word his had a are now preaching up, as to the duty of sup- talismanic virtue in it; just as if it could, or porting Ministers, would most amply afford ought, to shelter ministers from impeachit. " The constitution," say they, “ gives ment any more than it shelters generals from " the King the prerogative of choosing his courts-martial !-- Having thus laid down a “ Ministers; he has chosen the present creed for us, they proceed to state, that, be“ Ministers, and they ought to be support sides that the circumstance of their being the ed, because they are tbe King's choice !" king's ministers gives them a right to unaniTo argue a against this would be to give mous support, there are no other persons to a sanction to ssurance; but, as to the latter make ministers of. " What,” say they, position, I shall deny the fact. I say the “ would be the situation of the country (at present Ministers are riot the King's choice. " this crisis of foreign danger, internal diffi. They were chosen by Mr. Fitt, who, to “ culty, and Irish rebellion) under a minis.

“ try, (the late ministry] whom it would far as the views of the ministers went, one “ be in ihe power of the most insignificant object of this part of the prayer was, to ex“ member in the House to displace at any cite a general dread of the


of " moment, by simply bringing forward the divisions of every sort (not forgetting divi“ Irish Catholic question?" Why this should sions in parliament,) and thereby to throw be; how this should be done, they do not an odiuin on, to check, and finally to detell us ; but, thus they effectually set aside stroy, all opposition. -- I trust, however, that Mr. Pitt, Lord Grenville, and Mr. Wind divisions as to political opinions, and that a ham. They theo proceed to the old opposi strenuous opposition to ministers, will

, in tion, and observe, that, they “are not aware many cases, be found, not only strictly conof more than one case, in which Mr. Fox formable to, but enjoined by, the sacred ob" and his minority" (putting bis in Italic ligations of allegiance; and, if this opposicharacters] · could be considered as a possi tion was ever called for, if these obligations « ble administration, and that is, the success ought ever to have weight with us, the moof the invasion, or some other great dis ment certain!y is, when a weak and selfish

aster wbich would lay us at the feet of ministry threaten to involve the throne and “ Francr. He might, perhaps, be ihe vice the people in one common ruin. During "fresidint of the Britannic Republic, but the time that these men have been in «s there is little prospect of his ever 'being power, they have made a peace which sur* the minister of an English King.” Hence rendered all our conquests into the hands of they conclude, that “ bis Majesty's minis our enemy, without obtaining for us any

lers have a a rigbt to all our support, co equivalent; they have thrown the United

operation, and assistance; that we shonld States of America into the arms of France; " Bot dare at this terrible hour, 10 in they have rendered that country tributary I crease their difficulties, diminish their cre to France, and have induced it to enter into “ dit or shake the confidence of the people; treaties hostile to the trade of England; * that we ought not to bring forward se they have enabled France to new model,

rious causes of complaint, if they existed, according to her interest, the Germanic * at a time when unanimity alone can pre Body; they have suffered her to seize on “ serve the empire; that we should consi His Majesty's German dominions; they “ der them ab tractedly as the king's minis have, by their negligence or other miscon* ters; that they have been faithful, able, duct, given rise to a rebellion in Ireland; “ vigorous, and fortunate, and that we and they have reduced this island to the

ought to trust they will continue so; but, great misery and the greater disgrace of a " that, at all events, under them we must tight state of sirge, which requires a force that can66 for all that is dear and sacred to humani not be, for a moment, laid aside, and that " ty; by their side we must conquer or lie cannot, for any length of time, he constantly s d'un; that there is no other party for us to maintained, without taxes, which, ifimposed, s take, and there is no duty more imperious cannot be raised. They have, at the end often “ and binding. Modest gentlemen! months of nominal peace, plunged us into " No other party for us to take!" Such a war, the ostensible and official grounds assurance was certainly never before exhi of which all foreign nations regard as insuffi. bited in the world. It is absolutely without cient. They have left us without a single a purallel. We have never before seen, or ally, or friend; and, in exchange for that reheard of, any thing like it.-Upon the prin- spect, which always heretofore accompanied ciples of their creed, that I have cited the name of Britain, they have brought upon above, they appear to have drawn up the our country the contempt and the scorn of prayer, which, on account of the present the world. The evils of their administration war, has been introduced into the liturgy. are felt in every limb, every artery, every " And let no internal divisions obstruct his" vein of the country. A general want of con(the king's designs i “ designs for the pub- fidence, in all matters connected, in the most Is lic good, nor bring down Thy judgments distant way, with public measures, prevails

upon us.” What is meant by “ internal in every part of the empire. Those institu“ divisions ?”' and divisions, too, calculated tions, which are, in some sort, the basis of to obstruct the king's (that is to say his minis our public credit, are shaken; their stability ters") designs? In urrection and rebellion can begins to be generally suspected, and their not be here alluded to: divisions would have securities to depreciate. Foreigners seek a been a term by no means applicable to acts safer place of deposit; they are removing of that sort. The phrase must, and it does, their wealth out of our country; we ouras it was evidently intended, mean, or, at selves are burying that which cannot be deleast, include, political divisions ; and, I am preciated by political causes; and thus, Briby no means singular in the opinion, that, as tain, the mighty, the favoured land of Bri

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