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as to become the means of her immediate / emasculate and unwarlike; the natural re-
salvation. When we see, on one side, a sult of which has been, public decency out-
Davy, which no form or combination of hu- raged within the very precincts of her court
man force can resist; under which the bo- | - her national honour exposed to repeated
som of ocean hardly dares to heave; and and most contemptuous insults-a late and
whose dominion has no limits but those of pitiful resistance; dismembered provinces ;
nature-when, on the other hand, we see a racking contributions; and a disgraceful
military body, more numerous, and (physi 1 peace! Spain, too, may vaunt of her dollars,
cally) more powerful, than that of all our her ducats, and her ingots; her cumbrous
eneinies united; still do our wives and magnificence, and her unwieldy empire !
daughters tremble! Who excited their fears? But is ber power commensurate with that
Who “ talked of killing ?" Had they nowealth on which she foolishly built her hopes
confidence in their natural protectors ? or of greatness ? No, she has been contemplat-
did they but echo the cry of cowardice, and ed only as the banking-house of Fran
copy from their fathers and husbands, the and the successor of the proudest movarchs
pallid character of dismay? Yes! the Bri in Europe, ruling over the descendents of
tish lion crouched-the men of England the most warlike of mankind, now sinks un-
taught their women and children to trem der the upstart and relentless Tyrant, in
ble! I turn with shame, or incredulity, to mean, and ignominious, and disgusting, ser-
the illustrious annals of Elizabeth, who, with vitude. What makes Us envied and hated
one-tenth of the force now in the hands of by all the traders of Europe? Our unbound-
our enterprising ministers, routed the tyrant ed commerce! In what coosists the inex-
of boih hemispheres, and contributed to piable guilt of England, when she is spoken
wrest from his iron sway, the fairest pro of by Frenchmen of all ages, and sentiments,
vinces of Europe. I blush for the lofty and parties? Why, just her countless riches !
magnanimity of William, who, by stemming By what magic has Buonaparté só worked
the torrent of Bourbon ambition, secured the upon those restless and licentious hordes, who
fortunes of his house, and the liberties of acknowledge in him the master murderer,
Holland, only that we, after the lapse of a as to make them hail the approaching deluge
century, might become the disgraceful in of their own blood, upon the shores of Kent
struments, and the mortified witnesses, of and Sussex? Where is the key to their eo-
ruin and extinction to both. The triumphs, thusiasm ? (for enthusiasts in the project,
the glories, of Aone; the discomfiture and believe me, we shall find thern) Is it terri-
humiliation of Lewis-still may rouse the tory? Is it fame? Is it the glory of con-
emulous pride of my countrymen ; but let quering the bravest people on earth? No!
them reflect that Godolphin was then in the It is the solid comfort of plundering the
Cabinet, and Marlborough in the field. When wealthiest : it is the golden dream of the
a few thousand British, with the aid of such Bank of England, wiih its beaps of selfish
auxiliaries as Hesse and Hanover afforded, and unfertilizing treasure; it is the stores of
saw four successive armies, the flower of manufactured industry, which they conceive
France, sink and moulder in their presence, it a less doubtful enterprise to rob, than to
it yields to me, I own, but a doubtful salis. | rival; it is the warchouses of Bristol, of
faction, for it was, then, a commanding mind Liverpool, and of London, labouring with
which ordered the array of war- it was the the tribute of the whole productive world.
majestic name of Chatham, which gave the A nation, poor and weak, may find protec-
auspices of victory. I am a military man, tion in its poverty. Not such is England's
Mr. Cobbett, and it is not quite sufficient to safeguard ; she, who is rich enough to be
satisfy my fears for the safety of Great-Bri envied, must be strong enough to be feared.
tain, that I am told her wealth is inexausti. Credit and capital are positively good, only
ble, nor even that she can exhibit half a so long as they can create the means of
million of red coats on parade. When mi. their own preservation ; and, in times like
nisters talk of the wealth of England, they the present, they admit of no other guarantee,
talk precisely of that thing which most en than what the sword of the state can fur.
dangers the public safety, unless they can nish. — Under the impression cf his truth,
shew us an instance of any nation in the | it is with unfeigned pleasure that I perceive
world, finding protection in opulence alone. the powerful efforts of your pen, and the
What has Portugal derived from the nines attention of your Correspondents, so indus-
of diamond, and from the overflowing pro- | triously directed to the military system of

duee, cof Brazıl? Why, she has deduced max Great-Britain. Undoubtedly, as our wealth cans of talibag conceding policy; a blind increases, and as we have more to lose, we

devono purspits of avarice; habits must augment the means of defending on


possessions, even setting aside the fact that | charge being either placed on permanent pay other states have begun to assert principles and duty, or ordered out on actual service, of hostility, and to adopt methods of apply they are to be subject to military discipline, ing them, unexampled in their efficacy, and and to all the provisions contained in any their danger. With this country so circum Act of Parliament for the punishment of stanced, every man inust admit that military Mutiny and Desertion, by any Articles of subjects acquire a transcendant interest, and War made in pursuance thereof, in all cases that the army assumes a character of new whatever : it appears to be expedient that and unparalleled importance, He who re your Grace should lose no time in directing joices at the gradul augmentations which ihe commandants of the different corps, in bave been made to this member of our na the case of their beiog so called out, to cause tional defence, would hope that as it ex. the Articles of War to be read to ibeir corps, tended in bulk, it might also improve in as soon after their first assembling as may be form and construction ; but it would be- | practicable, and to repeat the same from come, on the contrary, a subject of serious time to time as opportunity may be given, in regrer, if we were to find that almost every the manner practised in the militia and reeffort to increase its magnitude, had been gulars forces.--I have the honour to be, attended with a needless complication of my Lord, &c. &c.

C. YORKE. principle, and with a new perplexity of Pursuant to the above order, I do bereby movement. To abler heads, and to those direct that all commanding officers of yeowho possess nearer opportunities of exami manry and volunteer corps, within the coun. nation, I leave the present state of parties; ty of Sussex, do pay obedience thereio. with the hopes or fears which we may jusily

RICHMOND, &c. entertain from chose characters, to whom our Goodwood, Jan, 27, 1204. gracious Sovereign has confided the fate of his crown and of his people, at a crisis so

INTELLIGENCE. awful as that which now assails us. But I will endeavour, should any hours of relaxa

FOREIGN.-Intelligence has very lately rion occur to me, to arrange, for your peru

been received from India, relative to the war sal, some brief remarks upon the constitution now carrying on between the British Eastof the Britisb army; always recollecting, india Company and some of the Native that the subject seems naturally to resolve Chiefs. Gon. Wellesley, who directs the itself into the following classes :-Ist. whac

military operations against the Mahrattas, are those principles in the formation of our had just taken Alomednagher, one of Scine army, which it would be wise to discard, dea's principal fortresses, afier an attack and what to bring forward in their stead. which was continued for three days, and in 2dly. What practical improvements it might which both parties suffered considerable loss. be expedient to introduce, without any He then proceeded in pursuit of Scindea, change of original principles. Aware, in had passed the Godavery, and was in full some degree, though perhaps far from being march for Burhampoor, whither the Mah. sufficiently so, of the extent and variety of ratta troops had fled. The Bengal army inthose topics which might be brought into

der Gen. Lake was io motion to assist the such a discussion, it is but in a very super

Bombay army, and had already passed the ficial and imperfect manner that I can en Jupina : and hopes were entertained that the tertain any hope of treating them. No co-operation of ihese two forces would put time nor opportunities, moreover, can be a speedy termination to the contesi. In the friend me, except the short interruptions of Gurrerat the Company's troops have, also, active and almost incessant duty, Under been successful, and Baroach, a place of such disadvantages, you may, perhaps, some importance, has been taken by assault make every allowance for my zeal, and siill by the troops under the command of Lieut. have ample reason left to doubt the discre Col. Woodington. In Ceylon, however,


the British arms have met with a sad reverse, Dublin, Jan. 14, 1804.

in the war waged against the King of Candy,

and the garrison of Candy, amounting to DOMESTIC OFFICIAL PAPER.

pearly four hundred, besides a regiinent

of Malays, has been massacred by the CaoCircular Letter from the Secretary of State to dians. In Egypi, it is said, that tran

tbe Lord Licutenant of Sussex, - Daled | quillity is restored, and that commerce has Whiteball, Jan, 23, 1804,

already begun to revive. Several hips have My LORD, -As in the event of any of the arrived at Constansieople from Alexandria, volunteers in the country yoder your

Grace's where several Ragusan vessels bare bera

tion of,

sent to take in cargoes, and where some con- ) Adams, on the Mississippi, to take possessiderable mercantile establishinents have just sion of the country. Some official papers been formed by Turkish and Greek mer- have just been published, relative to the surchants.-In Bulgaria the Pasha Mana Ibra- | render of the French troops at Cape François, him, who had, for a long time, been making from which it appears that for some time constant inroads into Wallachia, and who had previous to that event, Gen. Rochambeau committed many outrages in that province, and his army had been in a deplorable conhas been assassinated, with scyeral of his at- | dition: all the places which they had postendants, in the palace of the Pasha Ruscht- sessed were in the hands of the negroes, and schuk, who had invited him to an interview. | all prospect of success from any further op

In Romelia, the rebels have lately gained an position was hopeless. While they were important victory over the troops of the Grand thus situated, Dessalines, the chief of the Seignior. ---Military preparations are in negro army, sent a summons to the French great forwardness in Livovia, Esthonia, and to evacuate the Cape in ten days; he was Courland, and the troops in those provinces then in possession of Fort Picolet, and was have received orders from Petersburgh to hold preparing to exterminate them, when, on themselves in readiness to march at twenty. the last day, the English came into the road, four hours notice; and it is also said, that and the capitulation was sigued. This concontracts for transporting the baggage, &c. vention, which was concluded on board La of the army have been concluded. ---The Surveillante, at Cape François, on the 30th Batavian Directory has resolved upon a new l of November last, between Captain Bligh extraordinary contribution of forty millions of the Theseus, in behalf of Com. Loring of florins, on the property and income of the of the Bellerophon, who commanded the jnhabitants of the Republic, to be levied as a British squad:on on that station; and Gen. gratuity, and to be appropriated to the ex Boye and Capt. Barre in behalf of Gen. Ropenditure of the present year.-On the 16th chambeau, stipulates that all the French merof January, the council of war at the Hague chantmen and ships of war at the Cape shall publicly passed sentence on Admiral Story, be given up to the English ; that the garriand Captains Von de Capillen and Von son shall surrender as prisoners of war, and Broam, who gave up the Dutch fleet to the be sent to Europe on parole; that the sick English in 1799: They are declared to be shall be sent to France : ihat individual prodisgraced, perjured, and infamous, degraded | perty shall be respected ; and that the neu. from their rank, and bauished from the Re. tral vessels on board which the inhabitants public under pain of death. The epide. of St. Domingo may be embarked, shall be mic which has prevailed so long at Malaga, suffered to proceed to the places of their desand which has carried off between seved and tination.-A negotiation was entered into eight thousand persons, has now entirely between the French general and the negro subsided, and those who had fled from the chief for preventing all excesses at the mocity are returning to their habitations.-- ment of evacuation, and the latter prepared The Governor General of Jamaica lately laid a proclamation to the inhabitants, assuring before the assembly of that island a letter them of protection and security, bosh for from Lord Hobart, requesting that a grant their persons and property : this proclamamight be procured from the Assembly for tion was published by Gen. Rochambeau, the maiotenance of an addititional force of with a notice from the council of notables, inthree thousand men, for the security and forming the inhabitants of the pacific dispoprotection of the province. This requestsition of the new government --A proclamawas negatived; and the principal reason for tion has since been published by Dessalines, the refusal was, that the island, from the Christophe, and Clervaux, “ in the name of great loss of trade which it has suffered, was " the black people, and men of colour in unable to defray the expense of their sup " St. Domingo,” avowing the independence port.--American papers have just been re- 1 of the island, and declaring their delermioaceived, stating that on the 30th of Decem tion never to relinquish the rights of free. ber, Louisiana was publicly and solemnly dom; they invite those landholders who are delivered to France by the Spanish commis wandering abroad, who will do then justice sioners; that the Spanish troops were pre- and treat them as brothers, to return among paring to quit the colony; that the French | them, those who still retain their ancient commissioner had issued a proclamation to | prejudices they threaten, and to those who the inhabitants, announcing the surrender speak of slavery they declare they will beipexto the United States; and that the American orably cruel ; they lament the excesses which commissioners, together with a considerable have been committed in moments of exaspébody of troops, were preparing to leave fort ration ; but hope that now, " when victory

" has restored peace, every thing in St. Do | Southampton, Sir Charles Mill, of Mottesfont, Bart! 16 mingo will assume a new face, and its go- -Suffolk, postponed.--Surrey, William Borra

| daile, of Streatham, Esq.-Sussex, John Dennet, « veroment be that of justice."-Commerce

of Woodmancoat, Esq.-Warwickshire, Roger has already been commenced between the | Vaughton, of Sutton Coldfield, Esq.-Wiltshire, island under the protection of the new go. Wadham Lock, of Rowd Ford, Esq. -Worcester vernment, and it is said that a negotiationshire, Edward Knight, of Woolverley, Esq. is going on with the government of Jamaica,

| York bire, James Fox, of Bramham Park, Esq.

SOUL WALES.-Carmarthen, John Sim for regulating the intercourse which is here

moos, of Limgenah, Esq.- Pembroke, Sir Hugh after to subsist between the two islands. Owen, of Orielto11, Part --Cardigan, John Bond,

DOMESTIC.-The King has been pleased of Kesney Coed, Esq.-Glamorgan, Richard Tua to grant to the Rev. Robert Holmes, Doctor | herville Picton, of Ewenny, Esq.-Breeon, Penry of Divinity, the Deanry of the Cathedral

1 Williams, of Penpont, Esq.- Radnor, Thomas

Frankland Lewis, of Harpton Court, Esq.Church of Winchester, void by the death of

NORTH WALES.-Merioneth, Sir Edward Price Doctor Newton Ogle. ---He has also been Lioyd, of Park, Bart.-Carnarvon, Owen Molipleased to grant to the Reverend William neux Wynn, of Penmachno, Esq.- Anglesey, Tho. Howley, Clerk, Master of Arts, the place and

mas Parry Jones, of Cum Coch, Esq.-Montgo

mery, Charles ilanbury Tracey, of Greginnog, Esq. dignity of a Canon of the Cathedral Church

-Denbigh, kobert William Wynne, of Gartheof Christ, in the University of Oxford, the

wix, Esq.-Flint, Richard Garnon, the younger, same being void by the resignation of Doctor of Leetwood, Esq.----_And at a Council held on Robert Holmes---He has also been pleased the 2d, by H. R. H. the Prince o: Wales, Sir to grant to the Hon. and Rev. Henry Lewis

| Lionel Copley, of Eake, Bart. was appointed She

| riff for the County of Cornwall, Hobart, Clerk, Master of Arts, the place and dignity of a Canon or Prebendary of the

MILITARY, - The foreign journals Metropolitical Church of Canterbury, void

state that the Batavian and French troops by the death of Doctor Bennet Storer,

assembled on the coasts of Holland are in a He has been pleased to appoint Mr. Robert

state of preparation to be immediately emJameson, to the office of Regius Professor of

barked on the expedition against England. Natural History, and Keeper of the Maseum,

Gen. Dumonceau, who commands the Baor Repository of Natural Curiosities in the

tavian troops has just left the Hague, where University of Edinburgh, vacant by the

1 he had been for some days, with the final Death of Doctor John Walker - The Hon.

instructions for his conduct. NotwithMr. Legge has been appointed to the Com

standing the great numbers which have missionership of the Navy Board, vacant by been collecting on the Dutch coast for some the promotion of Mr.Tucker. Ata Court

time past, fresh troops are daily arriving -held on the 1st of February, the following

there, intended, it is supposed, to supply Sheriffs were appointed by his Majesty for

the places of those who may be embarked.

In the island of Walcheren, particularly, the year 1804.

the re-inforcement has been considerable, Bedfordshire, George Edwards, of Henlow, Esq.

because it has been long apprehended that -Berkshire, Richard Mathew., of Wargrave, Esq. Buckinghamshire, Edward Nugeot, of Lillies,

the English would make some hostile atEsq. Cambridge and Huntingdooshire, Benjamin tempt in that quarter. The Batavian goKeene, of Wistow Lodge, Esq.-Cheshire, Sir Joha

.vernment has lately published a decree, reFleming Leicester, of Nether Tabley, Bart.- Čum

lative to those oflicers and soldiers who may berland, John De Whelpdale, of Penrith, EsqDerbyshire, Sir Henry Every, of Eggioton, Bari

be made prisoners of war in the expedition. Devonshire. postponed,Dorsetshire, Robert Wil It ordains that they shall forfeit to govern, liams of Bridy Head, Little Bridy, Esq.-Essex, ment whatever pay may be due to them; William Palmer, of Nazing, Esg. loucester

that the time during which they are prisonshire, Nathaniel Clifford, of Frampton-upon-Se

ers shall not be taken into the account of vern, Esq.- Herefordshire, Richard Stukely Piemming, of Diamore. Hill, Esq-Hertfordshire, their period of service; that if they do not Edward Garrow, of Totteridge, Esq.--Kent, Sir return when released they shall be consiWalter Stirling, of Shoreham, Bari.Leicester. dered as deserters; and that they shall als shire, postponed. Lincolnshire, Robert Viner, of be immediately replaced by French reGodby, Esq.-Monmouthshire, postponed. - Yorfolk, Henry Stylcman, of Snettisham, Esq.- Nor

cruits; that ofticers shall be debarred from thamptonshire, Charles Tibbiros, of Burton Sea advancement during that period, and be regrave, Esq. Northumberland, Sir Thomas Henry placed by those who may not have suffered Lyddell, of Effingcor, Bart.-Nottinghamshire, themselves to be taken; and, finally, that Thomas Webb Edge, of Strelley, Esq.--Oxford

those who do not, then, conduct themselves shire, Johń Lingston, of Sarsden House, Esq.-Rulandshire, Couton Thompson, of Ketton, sq,

agreeably tothe wishes of government, shall --Shropshire, postponed.Somersetshire, John be broke, and the non-commissioned offi. Rogers, of Yarlington, Esq.-Staff rdshire, Řich- cers compelled to serve as privates : the and Jes:on, of, West Bromwich, Esy,--County of wives of all who desert are to be deprived

of the allowance usually granted. --The owing to the vicinity of the rocks. Capt. French troops who have been marched S.'s prize is the French gun vessel, Le from Hanover to the Dutch coast have suf Chameau, of three hundred tons burthen, fered greatly from the fro-t, during the cold carrying four six-pounders and ten swivels, weather which prevailed at the time, and and having on board fifty-eight men, twen. considerable numbers have been left on the ty-one of whom were soldiers, fully ac. way. The conduct of the French troops in coutred.--On the zoth of January, Capt. Holland, generally, has been very oppres | Bennet in the Tribune, fell in with a small sive, but the inhabitants have not dared to flotilla from St. Maloes, bound to Cher, complain. Gen. Victor, who commands bourg, consisting of three brigs and some them, has, however, arrested and punished smaller boats, but as the wind blew very several of those who had been guilty of hard, he could only capture two, which outrages, and has declared his resolution of were No. 43 and 47, of one hundred tons proceeding with the utmost severity against each, and carrying two twenty-four and ong any one, whatever might be his rank, who eighteen-pounder, each, and having on shall intringe the laws of the country, or board fitty-one seamen, and forty soldiers cause any disturbance whatever.--Ten of the 32d demi-brigade. Capt. S. had thousand men are assembling in the neigh previously destroyed a large boat from Là bourhood of Toulon, and Gen. Regnier, Hogue.---On the same day, Capt. Munwho was at Bologna, has set out for that dy, in the Hydra, fell in with the rest of the port to assume the command of them. convoy, and captured the brig, No. 51, of

Naval.- Part of the Sotilla at Flush one hundred tons, carrying three twentying, under the command of Admiral Ver four pounders, and baving on board fifty heul, lately put to sea, for the purpose of men and officers, a licutenant and twenty. mancuvring and exercising the men. A six of which belong to the 32d demi-bri. detachment of the flotilla at Boulogne un- | gade; and, also, the lugger, No.411, armed der the command of Admiral Bruix, also, with one eighteen-pounder, and having on came out for the same purpose, a short board thirty-six men and officers, a lieute. time ago, and returned uninjured. These nant and twenty-six of which are of the circumstances are supposed to have given same brigade, rise to the rumours which prevailed, during the few last days, of the sailing of the expedition against England.


On the 18th of August last, Capt. Ross in his Majesty's STATE OF FRANCE:- It is always of ship Desirée, on the Jamaica station, dis great utility to know the real internal sipatched the boats of his ship, armed, under tuation of our enemy; because, according the command of Lieut. Canning, to cut out to that situation we must make our prepathe vessels laying at anchor in Monte rations for attack or defence. The Exposé Christe roads, which service he effected, of the First Consul (see next sheet, p. 205) notwithstanding a very heavy fire from the may be, and undoubtedly is, a very flatterbatteries, and brought off five schooners ing picture, as far as relates to circumand a sloop. On the 4th of September, he stances favourable to his republic; but, we made another attempt at the same place, must, on the other hand, remember, that, and succeeded in bringing off six schooners. in the greater part of the Exposé, he speaks --Admiral Duckworth has transmitted to of such signs of improvement, as are visible, the Admiralty, a list of the vessels cap and as cannot have been merely invented tured, detained, and destroyed, by the ships for the occasion; because such a tissue of and vessels at and near Jamaica, during the falsehoods must have had an effect precisely months, of October and November last, the contrary to that which was evidently amounting in all to thirty-six French, seven his interest and his intention to produce, American, and one Spanish.-On the roth What he says respecting the state of his of Jan. Capt. Woolridge of the Scourge finances, indeed, is of a different nature, sloop, cut out of the Vlie Roads an English Here the field for deception is boundless; ship of 400 tons, laden with timber, which and, it is impossible to say, whether his had been captured by a Dutch privateer, statement or that of Sir Francis D'(vernois, on her passage from Memel to Hull. and the other ministerial writers, is most On the 25th of January, Capt. Selby in the true; or, more correctly speaking, which Cerberus, cruising off Cape la Hogue, fell of them is least false. But, we are, unhapo in with a convoy of four armed French ves. | pily, well assured, that he actually raises sels, one of which he captured, and another within the year all the money, necessary to drove upon the rocks; the others escaped, defray the expenses of the years and lbar,

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