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laits. It is because your correspondent | the French prison. All this I admit they J. O. has failed in both these requisites in I promised his Royal Highness to do, but it his account of a fracas that happened some was more than the terms of service required; time since, in the corps of Light Horse Vo- and I only notice it to shew that no lunteers of this city, that I claim a small “ pledge was forfeited," to prove that these pyrton of your publication, to give a plain men acred up to the letter and spirit of their but brief statement of that dispure, which engagement. It would be as reasonable to did not originare wi:h those to whom the expect the members of the House of Coin. blame is attributed; neither in its progress | mons to abandon the liberty of speech, or did any thing transpire which could justify any other privilege they derive from the cona charge against them of having violated stitucion, as to call upon the members of the regulation under which they associated. | volunteer corps to give up the rights they

--After the corps' was formed, and the 'enjoy under their internal regulations, officers appointed, it was thought nécessary which have been sanctioned by an act of the to have a Mijor Commandant; this the se- | legislature. Whatever is wrong is a neces nior captain strenuously opposed, unless he sary consequence of the defects of the voi could be appointed, on the ground that it. lunteer system. It has alieady produced was un milita'y to put any body over his many inconveniencies, and the dangers head. Here ihe dispute began and a great which is shreatens are more than enough to deal of ill-blood arose between the friends territy the sroutesi heart. In every word of the captain and the advocates for the and sentiment you have published on that rights of ihe corps. And here it will not be | subject, I mosi perfectly coincide. . amiss to tell you that a committee, consisting

I am, Sir, of one commissionedkfter and four privates from

A CITIZEN SOLDIER each iron, has the complete coinmanil, both civil

Of the Lath and Plaster Irmy. árd military. This conrinitree, of which the senior captain was charman, framed a sort

- Lanarkshise, Jan. 6, 1804. of constiturion, or form of government, not 1 SIR, I read your paper with a great taken from the pigeon holes of the Abbý | deal of pleasure, as I deen you sincerely atSeyes, but copied from the regulations of tached to wuh, and to the true interests of the London and Westmins'er L. H. V. By your King and Country. A sinilar artachment this the right vf choosing officers is vested in leads me to state to you a late occurrence the body ar large, and any privare may be at L- , which is no bad illustration of elected to fill a vacant siuation. In virtue your opinion of ihe Volunteer System.-of this claim, a gentleman of great respecia- | On Friday, the 16ih ot December, 1803, as bility, but wbose modesty had hitherto kopo wo or three town's-people, one of them a him in the ranks, was nominated at a gene- i member of the Coumon Council of the Bosai mecring called by the chairman of the į rough, were met together in a publi.. house, committee, at the requisition of several inem- | two of the L

Volunteers intruded beis, as a fit person to be appointed Major into their company, which occasioned some Commandant. The nomination was car aliercation, eding in blows from the vo. ried unanimously. A few days after this, lunuceis, to the eflusion of blood and the the Majur seot a note to the commitee, loss of a tooth to the Borough Councillor. stating that difficulties having been raised | The constabies came to carry the delinto his appointment he felt bimself bound to quents before a magistrate ; but were mucho design. Upon this two-thirds of the men obstructed by the volunteers, now assisted resigned, until the senior captain, who was by others of the corps; and afıerwards, regarded as the cause of ihe majors' resig while one of them was carrying to prison nation, thought proper himself to resign. by order of a magistrare, the constables Here the dispute ended The seceders re- were actually dofurced in their duty, beat, and joined, another major and another captain abused, and the prisoller set at liberty :were appointed (by the inen and nor by the pay, it is said, one of the volupieer officers committee) and the corps has never failed joined in the deforcement, insisting that a to perform any duty required of it, from volunteer could only be tried by a court the time H.R. H. the Duke of Cuinber martial, and was not subject to the civil land, ordered a dętachment to escort French power; and some of them even threatened prisoners from Wells; in which service the the magistrate, with the congeance of their Major men were absent two days, and on horse Commandant, A serjeant, too, ran to a room back twelve hours without dismounting; where some of the volunteers were drilling, this they did chcertully several times, and remonstrating why they remained there, now two men act as videties every day at while one of their number was carrying to

prison! ---Now, Sir, I tremble for ine re- , tin is not disputed ; yet as their annual cx. sult of such doctrine and practice !-- if the pornse caint be supported without the aid civil pon er is allowed to be trample: upon and subscription of chose whose situation by the volunteers with impupiry, and with precludes personal service, and upon whom out investigation, the consequence must be their continuance must driend, you will be serious indeed. I ain, Sir, yours, &c. | waited upon by a Comvittee of vestrymen &c.

A HIGHLANDER. and parsbioners, attended by an officer of the

| Royal York Mary-la-bonne Volunteers, who E ll, Surrey, Jan. 30, 1904. have undertaken to soficir your subscripSir,-Permit me to ask for a corner in tion for that purpose, so 17 orly as it már your paper, in order to convey to the pub. be found necessary and exhedient to contine the lic some account of the Volunteer-corps of services of those who have so pobly volunthis place. It consisted of 139 men, to teered to support the freedom of our counwhom, about four months ago, the oath of trv, protect our property, and defend our allegiance was rendered; but, it was rene lives at the peril and hazard of their own.' ral.y, if not wholly, refused. A see of regulations was afrerwards fubmitted to the Extract from an Address to the Members of the COTPs, wh, thereupon threw up, with the N351) East Division of the Artillery Company, exception of 35 men. They para led the from the Captain of the said Division, dated piace in great triunph, with blue cockades, Angel scurt, January 28, 1804. .! and threw their reguveniels, with great con GerTe-MEN, Wednesday next, is the tempt, into the hou of a man, who had day appointed for the inspection of the reoriginally subser ined sol. towards clothing giment.-- It is painful to me to observe and disciplining hem! Are these the men, that the musters of the North East Division Mr. Cobbett; is this the descriprion of have of late done no credit to its members.-- I trops, to meet and to delcat the veterans appeal to your feelings, as mer, to your of France? Is it thus that we are to be honour, as soldiers, whether the members saved, Sir? I was, myself, some time ago of the North East Division have not of inte much in favour of the volunteer sistem ; | besl too relax in the performance of their and, I must confess, that even your argu- duty; government has seen and noticed this ments were not s fficient to corrcet me relaxation, and the feelings of your Colonel without the aid of experience. That expe- have suffered much upon the occasion. Let rience I have now had ; and, with you, me entreat you chen, as friends, to musier Sir, and, I believe, with ninety-nine hun- strong on Wednesday next.* The Hodredths of the nation, I say, “ short follies nourable Artillery Company have till nytu are best;" away with this foolery, and give stood high in the estimation of governus a real army in its stead.--I am, yours, ment: their punctual arrendance on all &c. &c.

C. S. pressing occasions has merited and obrained

universal approbation. Rouse then, my Extracı from Proceedings of a Parish Meeting in brave comrades, retrieve your good name,

the Parish of Mary-la-boune, dated Jan. 7, and be emulous to rank foremost in the list 1804, and signed by JOHN JONEs, Clerk. of volunteers. The occasion was never RESOLVED UNANIMOUSLY, that the fol- more pressing ; your exertions were never lowing address to the nobility, gentry, and more required. I confidently hope chat this other inhabitants of this parishi, be printed address will meet with the sanction of the and distributed, relative to the ROYAL whole division. -----, Gentlemen, YORK MARY-LA-BONNÉ VOLUNTEERS.- most sincerely your dev ted sertant, The Volunteer Association in this parish

THOMAS DAWLS, Captain. .. having been brought to its present state of discipline, at an expense of not less than Copy of a Letter froin a CORPORAL of a Volun. twenty thousand pounds to the individuals who reer Corfis, in the City of Westminste, 10 HIS compose that corps, exclusive of their an COLONEL, dated January 25, 1804. mual subscription towards its support, and the Sir, I'me desired by the several priinci,tental expenses they must necessarily be vates in niy coinpany, to acquaint you, that put unto, besides the time given from their sevél it is their determination to withdraw theinral occupations in personally artending their selves, unless you immediately order **** duty.--and that the aid of Volunteer Corps [a captain] to resign--He may bless his is requisite at this perilous time to our sate- stars, I did not bayonet him--but-dam ty and preservation from a menacing fero- him l've done with him-Yours to comcious enemy, who threatens our entire de mand struction and existence as a people and nu-1 67 The reader may depend on the authen.

ricity of this document. I have the names to take measure of the ability contained in of all the parties; bur, it is useless ro men. the country; or that I consider these gension them. It is the facts and not the per tlemen to be exclusively possessed of distinsons that I wish to bold up to the notice of guished talent; or even take upon me to iny readers.- EDITOR.

decide, that, their abilities are unequalled. It is sufficient for my purpose, to refer to

them, as known, able, leading men, who, CHANGE OF MINISTRY...

collectively, would be able to call forth into SIR, ---- I sincerely congratulate you, or the service of their country, at 'this season more correctly speaking, the public, on the of unexampled difficully, all the physical increased circulation that you ai.nounced at strength and mental energy it contains. the beginning of the year of your patriotic And now, Sir, will you permit me to publication; and am glad you have so very state, as the resule of most serious reflection, csy a mode of silencing ministerial cavillers that greatly as I admire the splendid gerespecting the truth of your statement; by nius of Mr. Pirt, his coalition with the genreferring them to the Stamp Office. I have tlemen I have named, but on conditions, taken in the Register for the last twelve which, I fear, would be rather mortifying mooths, and am sure it is not your fault, if to him, and which I much wish he may so the people of England are noi, by this time, far master himself as 10 accede to, vould, not only fully acquainted with their real si- instead of proving an acquisition, only add tuation, but also wich the only practical to our enbarrassment. From Mr. Pitt, I means that can afford a rational hope of sur- should demand as a preliminary, the commounting she complication of ills which plete renunciation of the system he has purmenace our destruction. I trust you will sued for some years, relative to finance ; continue boldly and independently to urge and, especially, with regard to the Bank of the important truths you have already England : for, until the unnarural and disbroughi forward, so as, if possible, to graceful restriction be removed from the awaken the nation from its besoited apathy latter, we cannot even begin the work of respecting the present imbecile administra- political salvation. I inplore the weight tion : who have so largely contributed to and eloquence of this gentleman, with the our present dangers, and whose continuance public ; not to add to the hideous fabric of in power renders our deliverance next to our paper credit ; not to attempt any longer, utrcr impossibility.

the delusive and d leierious quackery of You have lately pointed out, in a most sustaining the overgrown size of the nao forcible manner, the indispensable necessity tional debi, by addition il taxes; but, to of an union of partie:; such as will enable employ all his credit, all his skill, all his his Majesty to avail hiinself, for the safety, persuasion, io honestly co-operating with honour, and dignity of the country, of all the great leaders I have named, in the best, the energy that can be derived from a com which in truth will be the sprediest plan, by bination of the most consummate wisdom which is reduction can be etiected, in such and powerful influence. Besides, your own proportion as to bring the payment of che conclusive reasoning on the subject, you interests within the compass of a natural, have laudably shown your devction to the legitimate systein of taxation. But how is interests of your country, by giving addi this great desideraturn to be performed By tional publicity to two very luminous essay's no other possible method, I dare venture soon the subject of coalition, which lately ap- lemnly to aver, than positive and adequare peared in a daily paper. It is natural | taxation of the interest, which is the same enough, indisputably, for our present mi thing as reducing the principal of the debt nisters to feel exquisitely sensitive, when å itself. But this is, at once, to acknowledge coalition of great and enlightered men is national bankruptcy. To be sure ir is; and spoken of; for certainly there can be no I wish the commission to be sucd out, that such thing as an Addington in the composi- | the creditors may have all that they are en: tion. When you mention the names of titled to; mamcly, an anuity from the pub. iny Lord Grenville, Messrs. Windhan, Pitt lic, of all that a rich commercial people can and Fox, you only re-echo the sensiment ex pay in such taxes, as are compatible with pressed throughout the kingdom by all in. I due encouragement to industry, freed me telligent and disinterested persons; the only 1 and morality. If it be contended, that the question being how the union ut so much national creditor has claims to sanction ulla talent and influence can happily for the limited taxation, or in other words, valimircountry, be brought into action. I hope I ed oppression api extortion; I can only it will not be impulea to me, tha: I presun.e consig! such claims to the indistinguishabiç

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recommend. History bears ample testi. ment of Mr. Pire's administration, it will be mony to the revolucions and convulsions found, that he reduced the duty on rum occasioned by financial dilapidations; and from about 78. 6d. per gallon tö 45. ; and the example of France is now before our on French brandy and Dutch genevă, from cyes. The attempt under the direction of about go. 6d. to s. per gallon ; and thai, our present sct of feeble creatures, I should however, extraordinary it may appear, the consider, ehe signal of irretrievable coníu. I event not only justihed the sanguine expecsion and calamity; whi'e, under the au- cations he held out to the public, of aug. Spices of such an administration as I have menring ihe revenue, .by .che low du ies, naned some of the leaders of, men, uning but as it should appear, from what I have all parties, and possessing uptimised cuti- bērn informed in a few years, rendered it, dence with the public; the measure would almost beyond all comparison, more probe as practicabic, as it certainly is indispensa. | ductive. Unfortunately, Mr. Pite as in. ble: and the only question is, whether, byduced, during the war, to gradually raise puiting the reins of government, before it | the duty on these arricles to their tormec be too late, ioro ablc hands, we may be fully I limit ; and thus restore the exploded sys, prepared, by timely precaution, or wait vill tem ot his predecessor, in the American the gathering storm suddenly burst over war. But now steps forward the modern vs, and scatter ruin and devastation in every | hero of finance, Doctor Addington ! brave. direction...

ly asserting his entire superiority over comiAs a prominent feature of Mr. Addins mon sense and experience ; he offers you a ton's budget, stood the additional duty on large additional supply on paper, by'at once tea, from indisputable auchority, at the raising the dury on brindy and geneva, to East-India House, I learn, that in the last about 145.; and on rum to abopt liś. per March sale, there was sold of this article gallon. From some highly respectable per7,100,000 lbs. weight; and that such has sons in the West-India trade, I am positive. been already the effect of the high dury, asly assured, that such has been he conseto bave reduced, the quantity declared forquence of this exorbitant duty, that is may sale in March ensuing, to 4,700,000 lbs. l be presumed on a very moderare calcula:ion, guly; which, it appears, is very considera- that the article of rum, to the loss of the bly less than has been sold at any one sale, planter, is sunk full half in price; occafor many years past.. In addision to the sioned, parily, by the want of internal conloss susiained, by so diminished a sale, I sumption in this country, and, partly, by Understand, that a depreciation has taken the large proportion of British spirit, mixed place of such a nature as to threaten very with it, in order to counteract the high serioys and important consequences to the duty. The spirituous liquors of France arid East-India Company ; to whom this article, | Holland, they inform me, still experience it if I am rightly inforined, has, for some iime much greater diminution of consumption, pasi, been an essential, as well as very in from the high duty; and hence greater deproving resource. In point of revenue, thie falcation of revenue. I will not pursue, as interence is too palpable. The tax is levied | I might do, the investigation of the Doctor's upon tea ad valorem, and there seems every flimsy budget any further. I have said reason 10 fapprehend, thar, combining de enough to render the conclusion level to the preciation with reduced quanrity, there will Capaciiy of all men af common understandvery soon be a less sum produced at the ing: it is to such, and not to his Majesty's preseut monstrous dury of 95 per cent chan | ministers, that I address myself. . the preceding duiy of only 50 per ceiit. af I shall conclude with a very few observas forded. This cax, it appears, was very ob- tions on a subject, that the scitish crew, stinately persisted in, against the most co- | who have usurped the places of thưir beto gent reasons, and torcible representations ters, ridiculously enough, endeavour to urged by the chairman and court of direc- make a question of such extreme delicacy, tays of the East-India Company, on their something, indeed, so wonderfully mysterio ORD behalt; and by a very numerous body ous, as to render the mere mention of it, a of faders, in behalt of themselves and the kind of profanation; a new sort of political community; under a conviction, froni for. crine : I mean, the undoubted, and I will Inert, experience, that the excessive dury add, most beneficial prerogative of bis man would prove equally injurious to themelves i jesty; the power of appointing his own and to the revenue.

minisiers, who questions the authority ry The next striking object in the ways and which Mr. Addington is become the ni nivo means was the additional duty on spiricuous ! rer? But what practical benefit they mean liquors. On adverring to the coinmence- to derive from such an aigament, as theic

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enjoying ardeserved favour from their sove- | ing useless, if needs be, such horses, draught

cigo, is incomprehensible, unless it be con cattle, and carriages, as shall not be wanted tended, because their incapacity, igoorance, for the purposes therein mentioned; I am to and unfitness for the high stations they hold, desire, that your lordship will consider in is unprecedented ; an unprecedented exten- | every respect, as included in those direcsion of the royal prerogative should take rions, all such vessels, boats, or craft, as place, in order to protect i hem from the con shall oor be wanted for the like purposes, or sequences of responsibility to the public. I shall not be armed and equipped for the anle have only very shortly to reply to such noyance of the enemy. As I am informprofound reasoners on our constitution, ed by H. R. H. the Commander in Chief, that it is the bounden duty of the subjects that only one light cart per company ean, of our most gracious monarch, in a cunsti on such emergency, be allowed to voluntutional and proper manner to convey the teer corps, for carrying their cainp kettles full expression of the public opinion, re and necessarics on their march, I beg leave specting those servants, whoin he chooses to recommend it to your lordship, to give di. 10 eutrust with the maintenance of the ho- | reciions that one such cart be allotted benour and glory of the crown, and the inse fore-hand to each company of volunteers perable welfare and happiness of his peo with the County of ; and that, one ple. After this short exposition, I will such cart be always kept marked and numleave to others all the metaphysical disqui bered, as the carriage intended for the use of sicion they choose to display on this point, that particular company for this service.while, with implicit confidence, in commun, | In consequence also of a late suggestion I trust, with every loyal man, I may rely from H. R. H. the Commander in Chicf, I on such practical use of prerogative as have strongly to recommend to your lord. becc mes the father of his people, and the ship, in communication with tne general must vi:tuous and religious King in Eu commanding the district in which the rope.

County of is included, to give di. When I reflect on the state of our fi | reciions for allotting and marking a suffnances; the situation of Ireland, from which cient number of waggons for moving the

present ministers have pledged them- volunteer force where it is not placed in the selves to with-hold the only remedy, by which vicinity of the coast; and it would be found it can be rendered a sound part of the empire; extremely useful, if boards, such as are used when I turn my cyes to the Continent, and for sears in market caris, could be provided caonot find a single power that dare risk a and kept in readiness, at the place or places common cause with such a set of drivellers ; l of gencral assembly, ready to be slung upon when I again turn them towards home, and the waggons, to which place of assembly behold the skeleton of a regular army, and these waggons should be held bound to rethe incurably defective system of our volun. pair upon the signal of alarm being given. teer force; and, lastly, when I contemplate I have the honour to be, my lord, &c. ' the formidable strength, skill, perseverence,

C. YORKE. and implacability of our inveterate enemy;

en I certainly wonder that there can be two

INTELLIGENCE. opinions respecting the absolute necessity of a change of ministers. The Englishnian, FOREIGN.- According to late accounts who denies such necessity, may think and from the East-Indies, it appears, that, in speak of me as he thinks proper ; but, he consequence of a League formed between must, if he pleases, excuse me, if, in return, Holkar, Scindea, Boonslah, and some other he is only offered the choice of being con. Mahraita Princes, for the purpose of com. sidered either a fool or traitor to his king pelling the Nizam to break off all connexion and country by, Sir, yours, &c.

with the English, Holkar had entered the January 31, 1804.

Nizam's territory in the district of Aurunga

| bad, taken the city, and imposed a contriDOMESTIC OFFICIAL PAPER.

bution on the inhabitants : thence he in

tended to advance to Nundeyr and HyderaCircular Letter from the Secretary of State to bad, and the Nizam had, accordingly, apo

tbe several Lord Lieutenants of Counties. plied for the recall of the troops under Gen. Dated Whiteball, Jan. 16.

Wellesley. It appears that the Grand MY LORD, Referring your lordship | Signior has now finally agreed to the ar. to the directions contained in my Circular rangement recently made with the Beys of Letter to you, of the 3180 of Oct. fast, for the Egypt, which, it is said contains some stipyremoval, 'in cases of emergency, or render- |lations more favourable to his interests in


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