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and police officers of the metropolis are conduct of the Elector towards the Emperor, members of this confraternity, and, conse in the late dispute between them; that he quently, committed to each other, for the expre's his Imperial Majesty will take meapromotion of its interests, what justice can sures to inflict on him a suitable punish2 person accused by its agents expect from ment, and that, in the mean :ine, he, the a julge, by whom the merits of his cause | First Consol, will march a few regiments into bave been proviously tried and decided, at the neighbourhood of the electorate? This another tribunal, held perhaps in the com hreat, it is added, has caused much more mittee room in King street? And when it uneasiness at Vienna than at Munich. What is recollected that on every jury in Londoo 1 obiecy the Copsal has in view is not known; there may be some member of this society, and, indeed, it is more iban probable, that can a fair and unbiassed verdict be given by 1 he has seized on this opportunity merely to bim, at whose instigation, perhaps, the crie reinind the states of Germany that they are minal at the bar was prosecured, and by his vas als; a litile stir that he has inade whose commands the evidence upon which amongst them, just to examine their chains he is accused has been given? Are not the and keep ihem from rosting. accusers and the judges virtually the same ; ) Russia.--More stories are afloat relative and can just decisions be expected from a to the interference of this power for the retribunal ihus constituted ?-The-e are ques- storation of peace. Such reports are absurd. tions involving matters of importance; and It is not the interest of Russia to interfere, it would be well for those magistrates who until we are reduced so low as to be ready are menubers of this association to inquire to yield Malta, upon the terms which France bow far the duties of their two characters are required us to yield it, previous to the war. compatible :--Upon this branch of the sub. hen that time comes, and it may not be ject I should have wished to say much; and, fir distant, Russia will afford us her good indeed, upon the subject, generally, much offiirs; and, if we should not destroy ourselves remains to be said, but I bave already en. before, we may, perhaps, obtain peace, afier grossed so much of your sheet, that I must having added ano: her hundred millions to defcr all further remarks, until some future the national deb;, without obtaining the least opportunity. I an, Sir, &c. &c. earthly gond, and with having undeniably

Anti-PurITAN. proved, That we are unable to contend Westminster, Jan. 25, 180-4.

against France.

SPAIN.-It is said, that we are about to SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

declare war against this nation, but it is also

said, that we are, on the contrary, endeaAMERICA.--The latest advices from the vouring to obtain its mediation for peace. In United States seem to assure .es, that the short, The public can know nothing of this Americans will not gain possession of New matter ; but, from the rise in ihe funds, one Orleans without force; but,' there is but lit might naturally expect, that some project lle probability of ihe Spaniards being able 10 for peace was on fool. The objection to it will reist thein. The Floridas are, too, to be not be found with the ministers, who know obtained by the Americans, either by pure not how to get on an inch further in war, chase, or by conquest; and then all the obser. and who, if they think it likely to prevent a vations which were made respecting the | fornuidable opposition in parliament, will danger, which would arise to England from most asuredly make peace, if they can. As France baving the command of the gulph

to terms, they know well, that they need not stream, will apply to the possession of the embarrass themselves; for, as they have alFloridas by the Americans, on whose back ready experienced, there are none that even Lord Hawkesbury thought he was placing Buonaparié can dictate, which the base stock. the French, and by which means he said the jobbers and those who speak for them will Coited States would be attached more closely not approve of. The medialion of Spain !!! to Great Britain ! " Fine young man!" as But, why not? The last negotiation was bethe stock-jobbers called him! This fine gun by His Majesty's principal Secretary of young man is, it is much to be feared, des Stale soliciting an interview with a Coministined to see the last of the British ino sary of Prisoners. Why not the mediation narchy.

of Spain ? What are we betier than Spain ? AUSTRIA AND BAVARIA.-It is stated, We do not, indeed, yet pay tribute directly ; froun a source of great respectability, that but, we do it indirectly, and that too, in Mr. Otto, French minister at Munich, has larger sums than Spain has ever paid. We officially declared to the Elector, that the are, and long have been, sivking under the First Consul is very much displeased at the yoke without perceiving it; and, indeed, their ignorance of our situation is the only 1 quences and then produced them, and whose circumstance that can apologize for the con foresight has, therefore, no more meric than tempt, with which we treat those whom we that of the incendiary, who foretold the call “ the debased and abject powers of the burning of the house which he afterwards continent;" contempt which is, by those set on fire. In preferring a charge like this, powers, most amply repaid us, notwithstand- it will, indeed, remain for them to apologiza ing we have to boast of not having yet been for their not having perceived the intention conquered by France.

of Mr. Wincha n, or, perceiving, not having DOLLARS. I mean, at this time, prevented its success; but, this difficulty, too, merely to remind my readers, that the intrina they will get over by their standing justificasic sterling value of the Spanish dollar is tion, to vit, a dead majority of votes.—This 45. 6d. After the stoppage of the bank, in inajority will not, however, prevent the evils 1797, the dollar rose to 45. gd. and now it of the system from daily and hourly aughas risen to gs. Some of the sapicnt advo menting. The disputes in the several corps cates of the funding system insist, that this l of volunteers increase in violence as well as rise in the value of the dollar argues an in number. Instances of mutiny occur concrease in the stability of the bank! Good tinually. A regiment not far from the mesouls! is were a cruelty to undeceive them, tropolis, which consists of eight divisions, or one might ask, whether, if dollars are of each division having a committee, has lately just the same weight and metal as formerly, formed a general committee, which commitand if a ten pound note, which used to buy tee has drawn up and promulgated some 44 dollars, will now buy only 40 dollars ; | very harsh resolutions respecting their offi. ore might ask whether, if this be so, it is cers. At Yarmouth the newspapers tell us, not a sign that the banke notes have depreciated; that the corps is thrown all into confusion but, as was before observed, it would be an by the measures of the commanding officer act of cruelty to undeceive the good souls, 1 having been opposed by the committee. In a whose happiness, like that of the lamb or county, in the Norih, a whole corps are the calf, consists in their total ignorance of stated to have laid down their arms, because the fate that awaits them. “ Pleased to the they were not permitted to take the right of “ last, they crop the flow'ry food,”.... I the line on a brigading day, one of Mr. Pitt's will not add the remaining part of the sen- favourite brigading days! Mr. Pitt never tence, lest the hauniers of the 'Change had heard of Volunteer committees, till Mr. should think that I have knowledge of some | Windham mentioned thein. Colonel Long, conspiracy against their corporeal existence, who is " a More Accurate Observer,” can which most surely is not the case.

tell him a good deal about them; and can VOLUNTEER SYSTEM. With the words, furnish him with some as pretty instances of which form the motto to the present num-/ the discipline of his shop keeper army as he ber, Mr. Windham concluded his exhorta- | can possibly wish to be put in possession tions to the parliainent on this interesting of. In the midst of all this, and while the subject. How the ministers, after all the magistrates and parish officers are, in many abuse, which they and their underlings have I places, disputing about the allowances to be heaped upon him ; after all their gibes and made to the wives and children of voluntaunts and reproaches and misrepresenta- | teers, who consent to go from home, the tions and calumnies and insults; how, after public prints are treating us with a speech all these, the ministers will be able to look of Robert Sparrow, Esq. chairman of the bim in the face, it is hard to conceive. Yet quarter sessions of the county of Stafford, they will look him in the face, and boldly who is said to have threatened with an in100; for, as Mr, Secretary Yorke so truly | dictment for a misdemeanor all those farmers and so modestly observed, in the debate of 1 and gentlemen, who “ throw any obstacle the gth of December last, though there may “in the way of the defence of the country," be “ many excellent opposition speeches, there by refusing to permit their servants to go a " will be, to set off against them, many volunteering, or by refusing to keep or to lira

good ministerial votes." Nay, it is not al- volunteers! This is, surely, an invention together impossible but they may, upou the for the purpose of hoaxing Mr. Colonel ştiength of these their votes, recome the Erskine, who so learnedly accused Mr. assrilants, and, instead of allowing that their 1 Windham of uitering against the volunteer volunteer system was an unwise measure, l systein, words, which, if used out of the insist, that, like the peace of Amiens, it was House of Commons would amount to a misa admirable in itself, vill ic was spoiled by the deineanor; and in Robert Sparrow, Esq. incessant attacks of Mr. Windham, who, in every one must recognize Falstaff's Robert buth instances, first predicted evil conse Shallow, Esq. who had formerly lived in Lin. coln's Inn, and who, as the reader will re. | is the rurn it is to take, at last! An'advermember was famous for talking about the risement to discover who it was that broke Xow levies, and was by no means backward open the jail and rescued the impressed voin talking about himself. Bui, really, if there lunteer and carried him through the streers be, in Staffordshire, a leading magistrate of of the city! This is the way the matter is lo the name of Robert Sparrow, to make use he stifled, is it? The Addingtons and of his name in this way was certainly going | Hawkesburies will smile. Let them : ic beyond the licence of the press; for, there were cruel to disturb mirth which is likely can be no doubt, that a !nan who should to be of so short a duration. It must not seriously utter the threat above mentioned, be supposed, that, from my having menrionwould be much fitter for Bedlam than fored the above circumstances, I am inclined the Bench.-- Citizen Colonel Tierney's to take part against the volunteers, for third company have published another set whom, I repeat, that I have, personally, of resolutions; in which they give a positive | very great respect. Where, indeed, is the contradiccion to the no less positive assertion probability, that I should dislike or conmade by chat gallant and right honourable temn 370,000 of my own countrymen, man, that he had “ told his corps that they | amougst whom are almost all the persons, 4 were not, in future to elect their officers." to whom I am most attached, as well by They, at the same time, express no inten friendship as by interest ? What reason tion of giving up this their “elective fran- | can chere be, then, for my personally disa “ chise;" but, they are, for the good of the liking this numerous hody of men, from country, ready to pardon the harsh treatment | no one of whom, as far as I know, did I they have received. There has since been | ever receive an injury or an insuli! No; a quarrel between Mr. Tierney's associate my objectioa is not to the volunteers rheinLieur. Colonel and one of the captains; selves, but to the system, by which their and, we are informed, that the men of the means, their time, their talents, their zeal, company, to which the captain belongs, and their courage, are prevented from being have had a meeling upon the subject, have of any use to their country or themselves. taken their captain's conduct into consider As to the dispute between the government ation, and have determined, by an “unani. , and the volunteers, I am decidedly with 6 mous vote," that the captain had behaved | the latier. I never could find the law, well, through the whole of the transaction! on which the opinion of the Atorney

Mr. Dowley, whose goods were dis. General was founded; and, I am not a trained and sold for the payment of fines, little pleased to fiod, that, after all the has marched into Westminster Hall, there, abuse, which has been bestowed on me by under the command of that able field the slaves of the ministry, those slaves have officer Colonel Erskine, to fight against now adopted my opinion. As to the right the magistrates of Southwark, headed by of electing officers, there can be little doubt, the Attorney General. What a glorious ihat there are some cases, in woich the offers prospect for the law! Who would have l of service included a positive stipulation for thought, that the parliament, by one the exercise of this right. This was a fact, short act, could have created, instantly, | of which I was not before aware. But, now 370,000 litigants, in Great-Britain alone! that I am in possession of it, I hesitate not to What immense sums will thus be brought say, that, to attempt to enforce a regulation into the Stamp-Office! What a great and I contrary to such stipulation, would be a unexpected addition will thus be made to shameful breach of national faith. The Atthose magnificent receipts," on which torney General, in the debate of the 12th of Lord Auckland dwelt with such rapiure! | December, in replying to what Mr. WindAnd bow would Mr. Windham be baffled, 1 ham had said about the making of officers, if the minister were, at last, openly to observed, that generally speaking, men of arow, and to boast of, the success of the “ rank and character were the object of volunteer institution, not as a military sys “ CHOICE with the volunteer corps;" words tem, but as “ a solid system of finance ! which he could hardly have made use of, if At Chester, a regimental court of inquiry bas he had not regarded all the volunteers as been held, on the royal volunteers of that having a rigbt to choose their own officer. And city; and, the ministers have advertised, in with repect to committees, upon looking into the London Gazette, a reward of tool. for the acts, I find that volunteer committees and discovering the persons who broke open the nieetings and votings are fully sanctioned by jail and effected the rescue, at Chester, on 1 law, though Mr. Pitt and the ministers affectthe 28th of December last! So, so! This led to be utterly astonisbed at the existence o

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any such things; and the “right bonourable" | January ; on wbich day, the session of the Mr. Hiley Addington went so far as to de- | Legislative Body was opened by a speech clare, that he would scorn to belong to a corp3 | from the Minister of the Interior, in which that had a committee !

he boasts of the great iaprovements carrying ST. DOMINGO.--The French troops in St. / on in the country, notwithstanding the imDomingo, consisting, it is stated, of 5,000 mense preparations for war, and of the promen; have surrendered to the British squa- sperity, the happiness, and the tranquillity dron, 'and have been conveyed to Jamaica, . of the republic. Batavia is represented to together with their general, Rochambeau. be in a deplorable condition, in consequence Four French frigates, 2 corvettes, and 18 of the great pecuniary exactions made upon merchantment were captured, at the same the monied part of the community, for the time, in the harbour of Cape François, at support of the armies which are stationed which place the troops surrendered - Now throughout the country, and in consequence comes the dreadful - black empire !" Will of the daily requisitions made among the Mr. Addington and Lord Castlereagh boast lower classes, for men and boats to be em. of this event? Yes ; they will. The assii- ployed in the expedition against England. rance of your modest well-meaning men is -News had been lately received froin St. never to be disconcerted. .

Domingo, by the way of Anierica, staring, that Cape François had been evacuated by

the French, and that the event had been ce. INTELLIGENCE.

lebrated, with great rejoicings, among the FOREIGN.-It has been reported, upon negroes; that at the different ports of which the authority of some letiers from Vienna, they had taken possession, comierce had of a recent date, that a disturbance had bro begun to revive, and that at Fort Jeremie, ken on in Constantinople, caused by the particularly, trade was carried on with great co-operation of a body of rebels from Rome- spirit.--Peace has, certainly been restored, lia, with a party of the disaffected in the between the Uuited States and the Emperor capital : the janissaries, however, remained of Morocco, without any stipulation tor the faithful to their allegiance, and, after consi- , payment of any tribute whatever. During derable slaughter, succeeded in driving the the negotiation, the American squadron was insurgents from the city; but, it is said, ibat moored off Tangiers, where the Emperor they are still hovering in the neighbourhood. was with a very large body of troops, and -The Grand Seignior, embarrassed by the the commodore threatened to destroy the disturbances at home, and convinced of the town, unless the terms he offered were acdifficulty, if not the impossibility of reducing cepted. Egypt to submission, has, it appears, dis. DOMESTIC.-Late Dublin papers stated patched orders for the surrender of Alexan- | that Dwyer the noted chief, had undergono dria, and for the evacuation of that country; several long examinations previous to his and has made overtures to the Beys, for the being sent out of the country; that the rebel restoration of the ancient state of things. general, Clarke, who was wounded in atThe dispute between the Emperor of Ger- iempting to make his escape, had died; and inany and the Elector of Bavaria has not yet that Mernagh, another famous leader, had been comprised, although many members surrendered himself prisoner. The peoof the Equestrian order of Franconia, have ple of the Shetland Islands are suffering unsubmitted, and taken the oath to the Elector: l der a severe famine, in consequence of the and during this suspense, the Austrian army, failure of their crops of last year, and the under Prince Lichtenstein remains upon the scanty produce of their fisheries ; indeed, so frontiers of Bavaria.-The preponderance of great and so universal is said to be the the Catholic interest, in the College of scarcity which prevails, that uoless some asPrinces, is not settled; but, it seems, that the sistance be obtained, one-half of the iphaElector at Bavaria has agreed to support it, bitants will be in dapger of perishing for on condition that be, as well as the Emperor,

| want. shall receive an accession of influence.-On the 31st of December, Buonaparté left Paris, on a visit to the coast; and, after hav 1 0 The articles which have been transe ing inspected the preparations at Boulogne, mirted for the Register, and which it is in and the adjacent places, with great minule- litended to insert, will certainly be found in ness, he returned to the capital on the 6th of the next sheet. . . . .

Printed by Cox and Baylis, No. 75, Great Queen Street, and published by R. Bagshaw, Bow Street, Covent

Garden, where former Numbers may be had; sold also by J. Budd, Crown and Mitre, Pall-Mal.

Vol. V. No.6.)

London, Saturday, 4th February, 1804.

[Price 10D

« EUXENES is reckoned among the notable examples of forture's mutability; but more potable " was his government of himself, in all her changes. Adversity never lessencd his courage, nor “ prosperity his circumspection. But all his virtue, industry, and wit were cast a way, in leading " an army, without fuli power to keep it in due obedience. Therefore it was not ill answere i, by Gaspard " de Collignie, Admiral of France, in vur days, to one that foretold his death, which ensued soon « after in the massacre of Paris; that, rather than to lead agnin an army of VOLUNTARIES, he would die Hóa thousand times.'” -Sir Walter Raleigh's History, Vol. II. p. 211. 129]

[130 VOLUNTEER SYSTEM.

gular, and I should hope, unprecedented SIR, -After the numerous and decisive

power vested in this Committee is, the right facts which you have laid before the public,

of hearing and deciding on the complaints in refutation of That most modest assertion

alleged by the privates against their officers. of Mr. Hiley Addington, viz. " that the

When it is recollected that the majority of “ corps alluded to by Mr. Windham as be

this Committee consists of privates, the con" jog onder the control of a committee, was

sequences attending such a regulation, may “ a solitary instance of the kind ;" it may

be easily appreciated. is stated, from appear almost superfluous to adduce any

the highest authority, that it never was in

tended that the Voldniçers should possess foriher evidence in confirmation of a fact, which unfortunately is but too well attested.

che right of filling up any vacancies that But as the Right Hon. Gentleipan (to what

might occur among the officers, after the ever cause it may be owing, whether it arises

corps had been onee established. If this, from his mistaking an obstinare adherence to

Sir, be the intention of Government, our error, for manly trainess and resolution'; or

Oxford Volunicere have bien in ihe conperhaps, from a certain dolness of intellect)

stant habit of violating ir. With them, all

vacancies which occur among the officers, appears to require an accumulation of proof; I will beg leare to introduce to his notice,

are invariably filled up by persons elected by another example of a corps, which is govern.

tbe privates. This'election is managed in a ed by a committee. Be it known, there

way somewhat singular. When a vacancy fore, to “ the Right Hon. Relation,” and all

happens in any of the companies, one should others whom it may concern, that the Ox.

naturally suppose that the power of filling ford Loyal Volunteers, commanded by Sir

it up, would (in case of an election) excluDigby Mackworth, are likewise subject to

sively belong to the individuals of whom the superintending care of a Committee. It

the company was composed. This, howwill readily be supposed that it is impossible

ever, is not the case. On the contrary, for me to procure a copy of their resolu

every individual in the regiment has a vale on this tions; I will, however, state a few facts re

occasi.n. In short, it would be difficult to

find a corps, the constitution of which is lative to the powers, and mode of election of the Committee, which I think will prove

more purely democratic. Accordingly it has interesting to your readers. First, then, the

been exuliingly said, by some of the lower Committee consists of two delegates froin

sort of privates, that in their corps every man each company, who are elected by the pri

has a voice. Their boasting, however, is vates. 2. The majority of the Committee

pretty nearly at an end. For I cannot for consists of privates. 3. Tbe Committee is re

a moment suppose, that their Colonel will elected every six weeks. This Committee has

so far forget the duty he owes to his Sovethe superintendence and management of the

reign and his Country, as to permir, for the

future, what has been publicly declared, to affairs of the corps : and how far its autho

be contrary to his Majesty's intention. rity extends, may be easily conjectured from the following circumstance. The colonel,

I am, Sir, with the sincerest estcem, yours,

Puilo PATRIÆ. sometime since, anxious to render his men as perfect as possible in discipline, wished

Oxford, Jan. 26, 1804. the corps to devote iwo or three mornings in a week to this purpose. To this mea

' Bristol, Jan. 24, 1804. sure the privates were very averse, and ac- SIR,_ When a man pushes himself forcordingly directed the Committee to remon- | ward to instruct and inform the public, and strate with Sir Digby Mackworth against it; | still more when he becomes an accuser ; and the consequence of course was, that the the Icast that is expected of him is to give a plan was relinquished. Another most sin- | full and fair representation of what he rc.

&c.

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