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quoted the words of Lord Hawkesbury's | the basest of advocates, pleading to ihe own projet, which, as I have said before, 1 basest of tribunals, would have attempted was delivered into Mr. Otto on the 14th of such a mode of defence. How was Lord April, some weeks before news was received Hawkesbury bound by the project of Lord. of the victory of the 21st of March. ' " If," Grenville? It was a hundred times acknowsays the projet, " authentic information ledged by the late ministry, that the rupture “ should be received, previous to the sign- | of ihe negotiations at Lisle was a fortunate “ ing of the preliminaries, of the evacuation circàmstance: and, yet a project delivered “ of Eggst by the French troops, or of a 4 in during that negotiation was to be a circle

Convention concluded to that effect, his Ma- | out of which their successors could not " jesty will not hold himself bound to sub tread! Besides, how happens it, that, the * scribe to the above conditions in all their olber plans of the late ministry did not be. “ extent *.” If this was the language of come circles out of which their successors ministers previous to the news of the vic could not tread? How came those succese tory of Alexandria; if this was their lan sors to have boasted, even in the very pamguage at the beginning of the negotiation, phlet before us, of acting upon principles is it consistent with candour for them now to and in a mode diametrically opposed to the assert, that, to the end of that negotiation, principles and modes of their predecessors?, France was considered as the mistress of How, for instance, came Lord Hawkesbury, “ Egypt ?

to solicit an interview with a Commissary of With regard to France having " stirred Prisoners, so contrary to the practice of Lord ti up a confederation of king's from the bo. Grenville ; and how came he, at once, to "" som of the North," the Accurate Ob- | assume a supplicating tone better suited to server truly states, that the confederation, la petty dependent republic than to the if it was one, might be considered as dis- King of Great-Britain ? How came his para solved by the balile of Copenhagen, the in- tisans to boast of this shameful act of degra: telligence of which was received before Lord | dation ? And how came the stock-jobbers to Hawkesbury made his first proposition to applaud him to the skies? The project at Mr. Oito; but, if it was not dissolved on | Lisle, though made under circumstances the 14th of April, it surely was completely such as we have seen, and though never jus. dissolved by the death of the Emperor Paul, | tified by any body, but upon the ground of and by the Convention, the much boasted hard necessity; that project retained the convention with Russia, which was con. | Cape as well as Ceylon ; it secured Portucluied on the 5th of June, 1801, four gal from loss either in commerce, in money, months before the preliminaries of peace or in territory ; it provided a real and com. were signed, and several weeks before Lord plete indemnity for the Prince of Orange; Hawkesbuty receded from his first proposi- it made no sacrifice of any ally of Greattion. Whal pretence, therefore, is ihere Britain ; whereas the peace of the Adding. for classing the “ confederation of kings” tons and Hawkesburies has sacrificed them amongst the dangers, which the ministers all, and has left us not a friend upon the had io encounter in a continuation of the face of the earth. But, after all, and to war? What pretence is there for citing the conclude this part of the examination with state of Egypt and the dispute with the a fact, which seems to have been entirely Northern powers as circumstances that overlooked by every body, the project of rendered our situation in 1801 worse than Lisle was never taken into consideration in our situation in 1797, when the battles of the negotiations of either the preliminary or Aboukir and of Camperdown were, as yet, definitive treaty. The First Consul of not won; when, of course, the enemy's France, with a frankness which really does maritiine power was, as yet, considerable, honour to himself, and which has certainly and when there was actually a mutiny in done much good to his cause, has published our fiect? What resemblance is there be the whole of the papers relative to both tween the circumstances of the two epochsi; these negotiations; and, from one end io che and what pretence is there, then, för say: other of these papers, the project of Lisle, ing, that is the projet of Lisle was a circle the project which was " a circle out of “ out of which Lord Hawkesbury could | which Lord Hawkesbury could not tread," is “ not tread?"

never dwelt upon, it is never referred to, Lord Grenville fully proved the falsehood of này, it is never so much as once mentioned, assertions of this sort, in his speech of the 3d or even alluded to, by either of the parties ! * of November, 1801. But, indeed, none but

* All these papers are correctly inserted in the

Register, Vol. III. from p. 1179 to 1208, and from * See Register, Vol. III. p. 111.

1857 to 1910.

And, yet the slave of the candid Addingtons i As to the “ acrimony and contempt," with has been instructed io tell us, that il was a which his lordship is said to bave treated circle out of which they could not tread! I the ministers in his speech on the Russian Thanks to Buonaparté, we are now made Convention, the speech itself, published acquainted with what was so sedulously hidden from us: we now know, that the very soon after the Convention of St. Peters project of Lisle, which was, in both Houses burgh was concluded, a pamphlet was pre. of Parliament, described as the insurmount pared in defence of it. This pamphlet was able obstacle to a peace, such as the New | entitled, " A Vindication of the Conven, Opposition contended for, was never $0 “ tion, lately concluded belween Great.. much as brought into view, during the whole · Britain and Russia, in six letters, address-, course of the negotiation.

o ed to -- -" It was published before The next point, on which the Addingtons the meeting of Parliament, and was obvi-, have misrepresented Lord Grenville, in, the ously intended to prepossess the priblic mind language made use of by bis !ordship in against every objection that should be urged speaking of the conduce of the ministry to the compact which it was intended 10 " Notwithstanding,'? say they, " that, sol vindicate. So far, perhaps, ibere was little « early as the treaty concluded with the to find fault with. But, who will believe, “ Court of St. Petersburgh, 5th June, 1501, that this pamphlet, which was, to all intents

the great talenis of Lord Grenville had and purposes a ministerial publication, and ” bern employed upon a speech and a pame which was paid for out of the public money, * pblet, in which he endeavoured 10 op. | contained a deliberate, bigh-wrought eulo* pose, discredit, and crosure with every gium on Lord Hawkesbury, who was held of species of actimony and contempt, those foril as his country's best- luope, and as pos a és ministers, to whom he had so lately en- sessing all the talenis, all the coolness, all " gaged his 'constant, aciive, and Zealous the wisdom, all the stairsman-like virtues of “ support,' the public were astonished at his “ nuble Sire ;" who will believe, that " his censure of the preliminaries of peace." this pamphlet was written under the dicta. Before I reinark on what is advanced here lion of liat " 120ble Sire" himself? When I and in other parts of the pamph'er as to ihel say dictution, I do not mean, that the pomlanguage of Lord Grenville, I must contra- phlet was written at the suggestion of Lord dict the falsehood, which I have just tran- Liverpool; I do not mean to say, that he scribed, and which has been passed over in furnished ihe hints; but I mean i say, that silence by the More Accurate Observer. It with his own lips, he dictated the stateis said, ibat “ so early as the Convention ments, the opinions, the argoments, and the with Russia, the 51b of June, 1801, Lord very words of it; and, I have further to Grenville's talen's had been employed upon say, that his lordship and Lord Hawkesa speech and a pamphlet, &c." Now, before bury himself read, and, in some instances, the Convention with Russia was ratified, | corrected, the proof sheers! The proof Parliament had adjourned; thar Convention sheets of a pamphlet, which contained 4 never was laid before Parliament till the fulsoine eulogiuni upon themselves, and next November; and ihe speech made by which they and their under officers assis'ed Lord Grenville on !he subject, which speech to circulate, and that, ico, al the public he afterwards published in a pamphler, was expense !---- But, this is not all. The not delivered till the 13th of November, ten will-meaning Jenkinsons chose to attribule days after the discussion of the preliminaries the pamphlit to a Mr. Ireland, Vicar of of peace! The object of this falsehood evi- Croydon, in Surrey. Under his auspices dently is, to bring the commencement of it went to the press, and, out of he prohis lordship's opposition as near as possible ceeds (:vhich came principally from the Treato the time, when it is pretended he gave sury) he received a sum of money. Whe: an uncondiljonal promise of " constant, ac. ther it was for this or some ocher great tive, and zealous support;" and, it is an ob./ public service; whether for this or some ject by no means unworthy of the well. other act of disinterested patriotism and meaning Addingtons and Hawkesburies.* | loyalty; whether it was for his politics or

| his piery, I know nor, bur Mr. Ireland soon * This act of foul aggression, on the part 1 after became a Doctor of Divinity and a of the Addingions and Hawkesbuiries, an- Prebend of IVestminster. This part of the thorizes, and even calls for, the relation of anecdote relative to Dr. Ireland I should an anecdote, which, though I have often I have suppressed ; but, since the Doctor has had sufficient provocation, I have hitherto thought proper to introduce, wich great forborue to communicate to the public. (fficiouş.jess, into the library of the reading

from his own notes, may be consulted; and, , execrations of Englishmen. I heard that if in bat edition of it, or in any report of it speech; and, well do I recollect the real which has been made in the newspapers, or candvur, the gentleness, the mercy, the elsewhere, one single phrase can be found compassion, with which his lordship treated to warrant the charge bere brought against his opponents; but, not one word did I it, I will allow the Near Observer to have hear, not a look or gesture did I see, exbeen the instrument of fair and honourable pressive of “ acrimony or contempt."--In men. That speech will be read with plea another part of his pamphlet, the Near Obsure and will convey instruction; it will server renews the charge relative to Lord Serve as a guide to future statesmen; it will Grenville's language. " It would not," be consulted as one of the works on the says he, “ be doing even the little justice I public law of Europe ; long, very long, afier "? am able, to the subject I am treating of, the persons, all the persons, who made the "if I were to omit, that the style and landisgraceful instrument which called it forih, " guage of opposition was much degenerated shall have sunk into the oblivion of con " in the new bands to which it had transa tempt, or shall be remembered only in the “ ferred itself. The lare minority, though

" it had been treated as a low contemptible Society of his Parish, a work, the sole ob “ faction of levellers and jacobins, never ject and tendency of which is to misrepre “ Jeale in abuse and incivility so largely as sant, calumniate, and vilify Lord Grenville, " the great aristocracy which had now sucMr. Windham, and every other person who | ! ceeded to their place. Absurd, incapable, has stood conspicu usly furward in opposi " and grosser epithets were liberally aption to the measures, by which the present

" plied to his Majesty's councils and ini ministers have steeped the country in dis- “ nisters, and by no member of either grace; since the Rev. Doctor has made this “ House more frequently than by Lord use of the influence which he possesses over

“ Grenville," Again, in another part, he his parishioners, it is tiuring that those pa. speaks of " the aggressive and unrelenting rishioners, as well as the whole kingdom, “ opposition, the asperity, malevolence, and should be made acquai: ted with such cir 1 “ rancour, of Mr. Pitt and Lord Grenville, cumstances as may serve to elucidate the " since the failure of THEIR negotiation inotives which have given rise to the zeal “ in April lase." As far as relates to Lord that he display's against the opponents of Grenville, was there ever any thing so deministers. It must not be objected to my complaint against Doctor Ireland, that he in the dull and vile pamphlet alluded to, has not the power in prevent the publication whereon to write these few words, for the in question fro:n beiog circulared by the information of the people of Croydon : reading Society of his parish; because “ Mr. Cobbert, who is so frequently meni. tu himself purchased the pamphlet for " tioned in the enclosed pages, has writtch the Society. The pubiication, which I first “ many pamphlets in defence of his King mer with in the house of one of his pa. " and of his countrymen, in vindication of rishioners, is entiiled Elements of Opposia “ the character, the conduct, the laws and tion;" it was published by the same book " the rights of England; of these pamphiseller who published the Cursory Remarks; " lets he has circulated more than half a it consists of garbled passages from my “ anillion, in a foreign land; and, never did writings and froin the speeches of the New ' " he ask for, or did he accept of, a sum Opposition members, together with com " of money, no, nor of one penny, from any ments calculated to pervert the meaning of " ministry or any government. Mr. Cota the text, and to misrepresent the conduct, " bett is a Surrey man; and, he wishes to disfigure the motives, and to defame the " those amongst whom he was born, and in character of she persons spoken of, whose " the participation of the hardest of whose privale as well as public actions are most “ labours his youth was spent, to know, falsely and basely inisrepresented. Such is " that he never has pocketed of their earnthe work, which Doctor Ireland has circual "ings one single farthing, in the whole lated, and is yet circulating, amongst his " course of his life.” To this Doctor Ireparishioners. How far he docs, in this in land may add, that I have known the whole stance, act in conformity with the dictarcs history of bis pamphlet for mor: than two of that superior piety, by which the adhe- ! years, and that the facts came to my knowTents of the well-meaning ministry professledge under no proinise of secrecy, either to be governed, I shall not arrempt to de expressed or implied. Let him add this, termine ; but, I hope, he will be able to find and then leave his parishioners to make a some Icaf, some little morsel of blank paper, comparison between my character and his,

testably base as this latter insinuation? Of , his friends; bur, in support of this charge this I shall speak more fully, after I have nothing like proof has ever been produced, examined the charges of using gross lan- though the More Accurate Observer appears guage, and of pursuing the course of unre- to have flinched from the task of making a lenting opposition. .

dcfence. The Near Observer has, how· But, previously, let us hear, as to the ever, some associates in the preferring of first of these charges, the defence of Lord this accusation against Lord Grenville, Grenville which the Accurate Observer has namely, the two reverend and sapient genhad the goodness to make. “ The use of tlemen, who are the editor's of that epitome « expressions,” says he, “ more harsh and 1 of all that's stupid and all that's slavish, 66 severe than the occasion justifies, 'on | commonly called " The British Critic," in " which they are applied, is always objec. which work for the month of December last, lionable. It always manifests ill-humour, they have published what they term a review " and alw.lys bad taste, But, it is an evil of ihe Plain Answer of a More Accurate is which carries its own remcdy along with Observer, which " review” consists of "it; for, it tends more to defeat than to a page and a half of unconnected superfi" forward the purpose it is meant to pro- cial observation, writien, apparently, with “ more.” The reader will readily acknow. | no other view than that of obtaining or preledge, that all chis is very true, but he will serving the patronage of Mr. Addington, hardly believe that this is the “ answer," | without abandoning the chance of again which a More Accurate Observer has given profiling from the patronage of Mr. Pitt. In to this part of the misrepresentations and this pursuit Lord Grenville is, of course, calumnies of the Near Observer. The charge given up. Speaking of the statement, which is not denied; and, the Answerer merely The Accurate Observer has given of the terms, adds to what I have last quoted, that the l on which Lord Grenville promised minisNear Observer uses fouler language than Lord ters his support, these “ reviewers” say: Grenville, and Mr Sheridan still fouler than “ Although even these terms must be uneither of them, though that gentleman stands “ derstood with some qualification, we canhigh in the opinion of, and has even the ho. " not help thinking, that so early, so vehenour to be praised by, the great and noble " ment, and so systematic an opposition Mr. Henry Addington. But, as a delence " (commencing, if we mistake not, even of Lord Grenville, this amounts to nothing; “ before the peace of Amiens) was hardly and, therefore, the readers of the Accuracie 1 " compatible with this" [Lord Grenville's] Observer are, as to this point, at least, left " declaration” (made in the House of to believe, that his lordship's conduct can | Lords on the 20th of March, 1801), “ nor not be defended, a belief which they will the could have been justified by any measures more readily adopt as the language of Mr. / “ of government, but such as should have Sheridan scems to have been introduced for “ been manifestly corrupt in their motive, or the sole purpose of furnishing a palliative - alarmingly dangerous in their tendency." comparison. And, was this acting the part | It is a newly discovered doctrine, that opof one, who undertook to answer misrepre-l position to ministers, that even strong and sentations and calumnies ? Could not the persevering opposition, is not to be made, Accurate Observer have denied, as I now I unless their measures are “ manifestly corrupt positively deny, that Lord Grenville has “ in their motive, or alarmingly dangerous in över, during the whole course of his present | “ their tendency.” But, leaving this point, opposition, made use, in parliament, of lan- las matter of opinion, to the judgment of the guage unbecoming his rank and character a reader, let me ask these Reverend Critics, Could not the Accurate Observer have whether they think, that any two pupils challenged his opponent to produce proof from the school of the much-abused Jesuits of a single instance of the contrary? Could I could have framed a sentence better calcu. not the Accurate Observer, because Lord lated to deceive the reader, without a posiGrenville's censures were bestowed on a l tive falsehood on the part of the writer, than measure which Mr. Pict approved of;- for the sentence which I have here quoted from this reason was it, that Mr. Long could not their work ? " So çarly, so vehement, and so find in his heart to allow, that " absurd!systematic an opposition.” How early, and " incapablewere not cpithets more how vehçment, and how systematic, they do " harsh and severe than the occasion jus. I not say. If they “ mistake not, however, * tified " 'tified views

this vehement and systematic opposition beThe charge of pursuing "a systematic gan before the peace of Amiens. And, will cuand unrelenting opposizion” has been fre 1 they contend, that it was possible for them to uany wads against Bore Grenville and make a mistake as to this face? Will any

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man in England believe, that they did not Grenville, nor any one of the New Opposiwell know, thar Lord Grenville never op. tion, has ever made a systematic opposition posed the ministers during the session of to the ministers. Have the persons comparliament which ended on the ad of July, , posing this party ever, since the present mi1801? Is it not within the recollection of nisters came into power, opposed a tax? every one, that his lordship and all his for Have they ever, except in an instance too mer colleagues supported the new ministers glaring to be passed over, availed themselves to the end of that session ? Is it not equally of any of the numerous opportunities for opnotorious, that the next session began with posing and exposing the minister upon subthe discussions on the peace with France ? Ijects of finance? Have they ever uttered a Is it not evident, then, char the opposition word against the granting of the enormous of Lord Grenville could not " commence be supplies which he has called for? Did they fore the peace ?" And, again I ask, will oppose him upon the important questions of any man believe, that the Editor's of the armainent, or of war? Have they opposed British Critic were ignorant of this fact? Bur, they will say, perhaps, that the preli- ticularly on political topics, promulgated in minary treaty was not the peace of Amiens, the pages of the British Critic; and, this I and, it is the peace of Amiens, of which shali do by the relation of a fact, which I they speak, as having taken place subsequent am positively certain these fathers in literato the commencement of Lord Grenville's cure as well as religion will not deny. This opposition! Nay, reader, start nor! I assure is ir :-Just after the appearance of the first you they are very capable of attempring to edition of Mr. Walter Boyd's pamphlet on take shelter under a subterfuge like this; bank-notes, the Critics in question regarded and though, in such an attempt, they would | it, or, at least, they declared that it was, be puzzled to account for the phrase, “ if | unanswerable, and that it was " in vain to en" we mistake not;" yet are they not men to deavour to argue against it.(I use their be disconcerted. For the persons who very words, I believe.) But, in a few days have written and published a review" of afterwards, they received a surmons from the painphlets of the Near and Accurate the Treasury, whence they were supplied Observer to affect ignorance as to the fact with such arguments, that, when iheir next whether Lord Grenville opposed the preliminary reviewing pamphlet appeared, not only was treaty, or not, would, I am aware, require | Mr. Bord's pamphlet found not to be “ unno moderate stock of brass ; but, I am also “ answerable;" not only was it answered, aware, that it is 'no moderate stock of that but the author was treated rather roughly commodity which these gentlemen possess. for having written it! In speaking of arguIn short, their remark, which I have above ments supplicd by the Treasury, I wish to be quoted, clearly means, and it was clearly in literally understood. Their " review," as tended to mean, and to convey to the mind it was, of course called, of Mr. Boyd's pam, of the reader, thac Lord Grenville's opposi phlet was actually furnished them from the tion to the ministers was not only vehement Treasury; and, though the opinions it conand systematic from the beginning, but that it tained were diametrically the reverse of those began even before the ministers made peace which the Reverend Critics had expressed, with France; than which a more barefaced after having read the work, they very do: falsehood never was uttered, much less pub cilely inserted it in their review pamphler, lished under the sanction of two Reverend and published it to the world as their crun! Divines *. The truth is, that ocither Lord | Many gentlemen are, as well by the extraor

dinary church preferment of these critics as * These Divines are Messis. Nares and by their confident and poinpous manner of Belos, whose titles and offices I shall not writing; mang gentlemen, particularly in attempt to describe, sceing that they possess the country, possessing ien times the knowbenefice upon benefice till they really swal ledge and talents of Messrs. Nares and Below up as much as would well maintain ten loe, are, by these means imposed upon; but, country clergymen and their families. Nei ir is to be presumes, that the fact here resta ther as critics should I think of characteri- | latexi, in pointing out the sort of mcrit in zing them, were ir nor, that, as their work which these reverend persons surpass the is yet read, probably, by seven or eight hun rest of their brethren, will em bolden their dred persons, amongst whom there may be readers to judge for themselves, and no Some of the readers of the Register, is be longer sely, without.examination, on starecomes, perhaps, iny duty, to furnish a stand. | ments such as shat which I have above ard whereby men may be able to estimate quored respecing the conduct of Lord the value of thosc opintons, which are, par Grenville,

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