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as well as medicines to the indigent and diseased poor. Nutritious soups, meat, strengthening driok, ani flannel shirts, are the chief additions which Dr. H. proposes should be made to such establishments. It is possible that professional jealousy, envious petulance, or hard-hearted selfishness, may atfect to treat it lightly; but we can assert, from a pretty extensive field of observation, that there never was a more truly benevolent, a more necessary, or a more practicable plan for relieving the poor, laid before the public. Its direct tendency to succour the meritorious indigent, who are reduced to the bed of sickness, must be self-evident; it will also directly diminish the enormous poor rates, and consequently save to the different parishes in which it may be adopted, a part of the heavy expence of collecting them. We shall not however detain our readers by expatiating on the numerous moral, political, and social advantages which must result from the general adoption of such a plan. The Letter itself, as containing a most excellent moral as well as medical lesson to all intelligent, benevolent persons, should be attentively perused, and preserved on the side-board in every well-educated family. In sketching the origin and progress of disease among the indigent poor, Dr. Herdman has shown with considerable strength and perspicuity the necessity, the advantages, and the means of being temperate, in order to enjoy good health and happiness. As the measure, we are happy to find, has met with very general approbation, and is about to be carried into effect immediately; whilst we approve as critics, we shall not forget that we are men, but contribute our mite to so benevolently charitable an institution in something more substantial than mere praise.

This charitable plan, we presume, has also met the approbation of royalty, as Dr. Herdman has recently been appointed a phy. sician extraordinary to his royal highness the Duke of Sussex. Important Resourches upon the Existence, Nature, and Communication

of Venereal Infection in pregnant Women, new-born Infants, and Nurses. By the late P. A. O. Mahon, Chief Physician to the Venereal Hospital du Vaugirard, at Paris. These are contrasted with the Opinions of the late John Hunter upon this Subject, together with Observations thereon, by. Jessé Foot, Surgean, 8vo. pp. 110.3s, 6d. Becket and Highly. 1808.

SCIENCE has no passions; it is her business to enlighten men, not to blacken their characters : she may occasionally use the language of persuasion, but never that of invective. Had Mr. Foot duly considered this circumstance, his talents and professional skill might have been still more extensively useful to the public When Hunter was the Cerberus of the Royal Society, then indeed he might have given cause for indignant remark; but now that he is no more, all virulenee should cease. In saying this, however, let it not be understood that we condemn the medical principles inculcated in the volume before us; on the contrary, if there be any medical®man so infatuated with theoretical visions, or any person whatever, who is weak enough to suppose that parents may

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have venereal virus in their constitution, without injuring their
offspring, we would recommend them to read this work. The moral
and physical consequences of such a supposition are too hideous to
be detailed. If there be any niedical fact which is ascertained by
every description of persons, it is, that almost all the vices of the
physical constitution of parents are transmitted to their offspring.
We do therefore agree with Dr. Mahon and Mr Foot, that it is
physically impossible for the venereal virus to exist in the consti-
tution of either man or woman, without deeply affecting their
children, and in most cases leaving them a confirmed disease
(though perhaps not a perfect lues venerea), only to be removed by
mercuriais. Could we persuade ourselves that there is now any
practitioner in this country, who is not fully convinced of the
communicability of morbid diatheris from parents to children, and
perhaps too from nurses to children, we should say that Mr.
Foot; in translating the observation of Dr. Mahon, has rendered a
service to tbe public. The original is by no means remarkable,
for perspicuity or accuracy; but it is evidently the production of a
man who has had an extensive experience, and who appears to
relate his observations without any preconceived theoretical bias or
fanciful system. His views of the subject are rather the result of
good sense than refined speculation, and as such deserve attention.
Mr Foot has illustrated his translation with brief notes.
An' Essay on the Causes, Prevention, and Cure of Consumption,

zoherein Bleeding is exploded, and a new Method of Cure earnestly
frecommended to the Use of all Persons. By Laurance Hope.
With several remarkable Cases. Second Edition. pp. 1426
12mo. 2s. Walker, Portland-street; Cradock and Joy.

MR. HOPE boldly avows himself to belong to that class of people called Quacks, as he is " the proprietor of a quack medicine," and he defends strenuously not only the right, but also the propriety of dealing in nostrums." His reason is, because he “ does not choose to share his secret and his profits (we believe this) with every ignorant apothecary.” Yet he assures us that he can cure consumption; and although this disease prevails throughout the Voited Kingdom to an alarming extent, he neither gives us his address, nor tells us with what he cures this hitherto incurable palady, but leaves the public to depend entirely on whatever stuff any quack 'niedicine 'vender may thiúk proper to sell under the appellation of Hope's Hectic Pills." He adds, indeed, that although his secret is copied from an "old treatise, which has passed through many hands since it was written," yet " the drug could not be procured, perhaps, in six towns in the kingdom, and in the metropolis could not be made up by the apothecary under the price it is now sold at.” Then if Mr. Hope's profits are so very small, we think it would be more just to the public, and equally advantageous to him, to raise the price of his medicine, allow the apothecary something for his labour, and enable physicians to judge of it, from a knowledge of its nature and effects. He can have no objection to this if the efficacy be such, as he represents it, to Hash conviction « upon

them like a beam of light upon utter darkan No. 130, Vol. 32. April. 1809.

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ness."

Mr. Hope discovers more talents than most of his brethren nostrummongers; and many very shrewd and just remarks are scattered through this little volume, which at the same time bears some internal evidence that the author has not received medical education. Although he professes to cure consumption or phthisis pulmonalis, yet his principal cases are young females whose primary affection had been leucorrhea, which induced amenorrhea and general debility with an attendant cough. Surely Mr. Hope will not pretend to call such infirmities cases of pulmonary consumption. The author's prefatory observations on vaccination have considerable merit.

“How miserably must any person be in want of an argument, when they [he] object to the vaccine because it is a beastly disease. Most diseases equally merit such an epithet, and none more than the small-pox, a disease which is so loathsome, beastly, and filthy, that language cannot describe it, and so dangerous, that, even under inoculation, more, upon an average, die than are supposed liable to take the small-por after vaccination, death out of the question; for none have been hardy enough to class the deaths from small-pox inoculation against the deaths by vaccine inoculation. It might, however, be curious to state the question for once. About two in a thousand die of inoculation, which in 10,000 inoculations will give twenty deaths. About one in a thousand are [is] liable to take the small-pox after vaccination, and one in ten die of the natural small-pox. Thus, 10,000 inoculations for the vaccine give ten cases of sinall-pox and one death: so that it requires to vaccinate 200,000 persons to produce twenty deaths."

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The Kistoric Gallery of Portraits and Paintings; and Biographical

(and Critical) Review (of Painting and Sculpturel: containing a brief Account of the Lives of the most celebrated Men, in every Age and Country; and graphic Imitations of the finest Specimens of the Arts, Ancient and Modern. With Remarks, Critical and Erplanatory. Vol. III. 8vo. 72 plates. 11. 4s. Vernor, Hood, and Sharpe, 1808.

WE are happy to find that the biographical part of this book is improved, as we suggested, and that the student of the human face divine” can now be gratified with a sufficient number of historical facts and anecdotes, whence his physiognomical observa

tions may be elucidated. A little more attention to dates, and the concise manner adopted in " Harrison's Biographical Magazine," would still improve this " Historic Gallery," which has deservedly received considerable public approbation. This third volume contains thirty-seven portraits and thirty-five designs of paintings and sculpture. Among the latter are a monumental column and trophies, dedicated to the memory of Lord Nelson, as well as a colossal

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statue of this hero; all of wbich were designed by Mr. R. Mitchell, and to be erected at Montreal, in Canada, at the expence of the public-spirited inhabitants of that country: The ornaments of the column very happily include representations of his lordship's principal achievements, with suitable inscriptions; and the statue faith. fully adheres to truth, in exhibiting the warrior in his uniform, withont any regard to an imaginary Grecian costume, which some artists have supposed necessary to give sta’ues an effect. Perhaps, indeed, the grandeur of the figure, which is eight feet high, natarrally associates with our preconceived ideas of the man, and thus centributes to withdraw our attention from the costume, and heighten the general effect of the representation. However it may be, we have no hesitation in saying that it is highly creditable to the talents of Mr. Mitchell, and much superior, in effect, to some. similar productions of English artists. M. G. Cooke, the engraver of these plates, seems to improve in the outline style ; liis strokes become more flowing and easy. In such of the characters' as are translated from the French, we noticed some expressions rendered too literally: These, however, are neither very numerons, nor very injurious to the general merit of the work. We shall extract the sketch of John Duke of Braganza, the restorer of the Portuguese monarchy.

“The dominion [domination) of Spain pressed considerably on Portugal when Margaret of Savoy, Duchess of Mantua, resided there in quality of viceroy; but the chief power was in the hands of the secretary of state, Miguel Vasconcellos, of a disposition rigid and avaricious, who, by his skilful management in the distribution of honours, fomented among the Portuguese nobility a jealousy favourable to the support of his authority.

“One person alone he dreaded, which was John of Braganza, the son of Theodore, from whom Spain had taken the crown of Portugal; but Vasconcellos well knew the character of that prince, who, retired in his castle, preferred the felicity of diffusing happiness around him to the splendour of a throne, which could only be attained by the sacrifice of his repose. The people were, never. theless, desirous that he should courageously assert his birth-right, and several of his subjects did not scruple to urge him to it. Too crafty to employ violence, Vasconcellos had recourse to measures to secure the person of the duke, who being informed of his designs, without appearing sensible of the snare that was laid for him, had always the address to escape it.

" The superintendant of his house, Pinto Ribiero, increased daily *the partizans of his master. The archbishop expatiated on his brilliant qualities, and became fully acquainted with what was going on: The duke communicated the whole to his wife, Luisa de Guzman. Accept,' said she, 'the crown which is offered to

you: glorious to die a king, even if you be one but a quarter of an hour.' These words confirmed the resolution of the duke, bui his conduct was not the less reserved ; aud, while he was at Villa-Viciosa, the Portuguese acconiplished ihe revolution with a degree of calinness which could not have been expected. They required but one victin--this was Vasconcellos, who was killed by the great chamber.

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lain, by a pistol shot. Some etforts were made to preserve his life

. The vice-queen presented herself before the people, accompanied by fier maids of honour, and flattered herself that her presence would appease the insurgents. What have I to fear from the populace,' she exclaimed, except their scorn?'_“You have to dread, Madame,' replied Norogna, that they do not throw your highness out of the window. This answer greatly terrified her, and she retired; and, on the sixth of December, 1030, John of Braganza was crowned by the title of John IV. A little time after, the vice-queen Margaret conspired against him: some of ber partizans were put to death, others sent into exile, and Margaret was conveyed to the court of Madrid. He afterwards entered into alli. ance, offensive and defensive, with the Dutch and the Catalonians ; and, to promote the welfare of his subjects, employed himself continually in lessening the taxes, and in the reformation of abuses,

This prince was born at Lisbon, in 1604, and died in 1056, at the age of fifty-two, after a reign of twenty-six years." Antiquarian and Topographical Cabinet, containing a Series of eles

gant Views of the most interesting Objects of Curiosity in Great Britain, accompanied with Letter-press Descriptions. Vol. IV. 50 Plates. 15s. Clarke. 1808.

HAVING expressed our opinion of the utility and merit of this work, and earnestly recommended it, in our account of the preceding volumes; we have now only to state, that it has contributed to establish the popularity of its authors, Messrs. Storer and Greig, as landscape and architectural engravers.

'The fourth volume is unequivocally the best which has yet appeared, and we perceive in the plates a delicacy, spirit, ease, and vivacity, which render them greatly superior to those in the first. The selection of subjects is no less distinguished by taste and interest. A short extract from the interesting and curious account of “ Ifley church, Oxfordshire," will show that its literary merit is by no means inconsiderable. It is equally pleasing and honourable to see a monthly publication thus improve in intrinsic merit and elegance, after experiencing the approbation of the public.

“ The village of Iley," (say our artist authors,) “is about two miles from Oxford, on ihe the road to Henley, pleasantly situated upon a wooded eminence, having the river Isis flowing by its side. On its left, over a long range of corn fields, is Shotover Hill; on its right the meadows, enriched by the meanderings of the stream, are bounded by the shagzy top of Bagley Wood. Approaching the village from the University, the ancient tower of Itley Church is seen cleváting its venerable baitlements above the trees. Nothing in the appearance of this fabric, excepting the tower, is calculaied 'to arrest the artition on advancing towards it from the village ;

bet turning to the western door, a rich profusion of Saxon ornament “presents itself, upon which the corrosive tooth of time has been

nibbling for centuries almost in vain ; the only material injury sustained, being a slight depression of one of the mouldings in the arch. This door is surmounted by a chain beautifully sculptured,

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