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however it arises. And it is wonderful that men, who betrayed an excessive reluctance to wound the feelings of the King, by beseeching him to dismiss his son from office, should so easily familiarise their minds with the idea of calling upon him to give his consent to an act for excluding that son from his legitimate succession.
So long as this great cause was under the consideration of Parliament, a respect for the impartial administration of justice led us most cautiously to abstain from delivering our opinion on its merits. Having now discharged our duty to the public, by a conscientious declaration of our honest sentiments on the subject, we bid adieu to a theme at once disgusting and painful; nor shall we be tempted to renew the discussion, unless some new circumstances should arise, to call for our animadversions. The commander-in-chief is no
And we hope that all the defective parts of our military system will die with him-we shall then have no more Burrards and Dalrymples !--no more Conventions of Cintra !-- The discussions on this last subject in Parliament, have prored nothing but the existerice of a strong spirit of party, wholly unconnected with the welfare of the country. The opposition condemned the issue of the campaign in Portugal only as it supplied a means for casting disgrace on the ministers, and of giving themselves credit with the pablic." All parties were unanimous in absolving the military commanders from any share in the imputed disgrace. And although the event, which was pronounced from the throne to have defeated the just hopes and expectations of the country, was produced by the refusal of the general to pursue the French after the battle of Vimiera, when the advantages of such a pursuit have been declared, by a competent judge, Sir Arthur Wellesley himself, to have been such as a child must have perceived, yet has this refusal'not been considered as affording any ground of reproach to Sir Harry Burrard, mucli less'a sufficient cause for bringing him to trial; so that a great public disgrace has been sustained, and no one is made responsible
The“ affairs of Europe seem about to undergo some material change, but nothing has yet occurred, of a nature sufficiently marked, to enable us to pronounce any rational opinion respecting
them. We are not sanguine in our expectations of a a alteration in the policy of the Russian cabinet. And though we are far from thinking meanly of the resources of Austria, yet, unless she obtain a powerful assistance from this country and from Spain, and that most promptly, we confess our fears will be stronger than our hopes.-In America, the determined opposition of the people has compelled the goverument to forego their ruinous system of internal and external policy, by repealing the obnoxious embargo act. We are by no means clear, however, that this proceeding will be productive of any. benefit to England; and most certain we are, that it should not be suffered to deter our government from the adoption of any measures which can tend to establish our independence, as well of America as of Russia. The very disinterested advice of Mr. Baring, not to encourage the growth of flax-seed in Irelund, because we may chance soon to receive an adequate supply from America, was much better calculated for the meridian of Washington, than for thai of the British capital. Whatever conduct America may now pursue, we may be certain, that her government, under the jófluence of Mr. Jefferson, will never be well disposed towards Great Britain. And it will be the bounden duty of ministers to afford every possible encouragement to our own colonies, in order to obtain from them those supplies which we have been too long accustomed to draw from America. Their conduct, hitherto, has been founded on a wise, discreet, and prudent system of policy: let them firmly adhere to it, and they will deserve and receive the gratitude of their country:
THE CONSPIRACY; A NEW DRAMA,
To the Editor of the Antijacobin Review.
WHEN the mind is occupied with matters of importance, it pays little attention to those of form. I shall, therefore, introduce myself to you, without farther ceremony, by saying, that I am a dramatic writer by profession, and that I wish for your advice and assistance in an undertaking, the idea of which, as I believe, has suggested itself to myself alone, and in the execution of which I have already made considerable progress.
From the moment when the proceedings of the Committee of the House of Commons, appointed to investigate the conduct of His Royal Highness the Commander-in-Chief, began to be published, they engrossed my whole attention. As these proceedings advanced, and developed that happy assemblage and striking contrast of charac ters, which were exhibited in the sly inuendos of the useful and friendly Dr. Thynne; the brilliant sallies and arch repartees of that celebrated courtezan Mrs. Clarke ; the solemn importance of the gratuitous barrister Mr. Adam; the cautious reserve of his humble prototype, the equally gratuitous lawyer, Mr. Rowland Maltby; the mechanical precision of the military secretary Colonel Gordon; the sensitive memory of Mr. Donovan, which only, moved when touched by the finger of recollection; the courtly officiousness of General Clavering, who came forward to mar the veracity of Mrs. Clarke, but unfortunately marred his own ; the unsuspecting confidence of Mr. Reed, who, for the honour of his hotel, believed the lady, who passed a night there with one of his lodgers, to be the wife of the gentleman with whom she slept; the convenient forgeta fulness of Mrs. Favery, wbo forgot not only the name of the street, in which she lived for years, but even every circunstance about her own father and mother; the confidential talents of Mr. Greenwood, who had the merit of inditing the farewell epistle from His Royal Highness to his mistress, and of conducting the negociations with her, through the Ambassador of Morocco; the interesting timi. dity of Mrs. Corri, who, a's a pattern for all good wives, dreads the anger of her husband; the distressing sensibility of Miss Taylor, whose tale of poverty, distress, and illegitimacy, was wrung from her agonised bosom ; -when all these personages, I say, passed in review' before me, I could not help exclaiming, “ Heavens! what an incomparable group for the formation of my Dramatis Persona!”
Again, when I contemplated that succession of interesting eventa, and unexpected discoveries, which marked the progress of this investigation — the apprehension of a Conspirator, who was proved by Mi. Lowten to be only a mad parson, and therefore sent by the House of Commons to continue his edifying labours at one of the fashionable chapels of this. métropolis; the miraculous préserva-tion of a whole packet of letters, Yong since doomed to the flames; but providentially saved by the prying curiosity of a landlord; the solemn communication made to the House, by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, of a forged note purporting to be the hand-writing of the Commander-in-Chief, being in the possession of Captain Huxley Sanden; the Captain's denial of the existence of this note; the declaration of Colonel Hamilton, that the Captain had acknowledged to hiin his having destroyed this note; the subsequent production of this note, and the awful pause that ensued when it was proved to be a true note; the commitment of Captain Sanden for prevarication respecting this note; the dignified air with which Mr. Speaker resumed bis awfulchair of state, and with his hat on his head, and his arıns a-kimbow, received the unhappy prisoner, while with the energy of his manner the powder flew out of his wig, and all St. Stephen's trembled as he shook his head, as once Olympus trembled?
at the nod of Jove.-But the sublimity of my theme is betraying me into a style too lofty for epistolary correspondence. I shall therefore only say, that, on repiewing these striking incidents, I congratulated myself on the unparallelled interest and stage effect which they could not fail to produce; and triumphed by anticipation in the bursts of applause my intended Drama would hereafter receive from brilliant and overflowing audiences !
When I adverted to the examinations and cross-examinations of the different witnesses, to the sapient queries said to be put to them by some of the honourable members; queries which would have dumbfounded Solomon himself, for “true, no meaning puzzles more than wit;" to the archness and flippancy with which Mrs. Clarke quizzed the lawyers; to the blunders of the Irish barrister, who asked her, whether she signed that anonymous letter with her own nanie, or that of any other person ; with what delight did I survey this inexhaustible fünd of rich, witty, and humorous dialogue !
These invaluable materials suggested to me, as you will easily conceive, the design of dramatising this inyestigation. I was at first under great apprehensions lest ihe same idea should occur to Mr. Sheridan; but as he absented himself from the house, after having surprised it one evening by catechising Mr Dowler on the score of morality, with all the pious gravity of a bishop, my fears of his interference subsided, and I set to work with all my might.
To doubt the success of this undertaking, Sir, is impossible: for during the original exhibition at St. Stephen's chapel, the benches were stuck over with tickets, bearing the names of the members who had secured their seats by attending at prayers, just as the walls of an empty house are stuck over with hand-bills. I should hiave premised, that by the courtesy of the house, the inembers who attend at prayers are entitled to keep their seats during the debates of the evening; and, in virtue of this rule, Mrs. Clarke has contributed more to promote devotion among our representatives, than any woman living, or than probably she ever dreamt of being entitled to take credit for. As to the gallery, it was crowded every morning at an early hour; the sacrifice of a tedious day being thought amply compensated by the entertainments of the evening; and disappointed thousands envied the happy few who gained admittance.
I am aware of no valid objection that can be offered to the plan I have undertaken; unless that you may think it impossible to comprise all the voluminous evidence, and protracted debates, respecting this investigation, within the compass of a Drama. But if you tead thein with attention, you will soon be satisfied, that if nine questions out of ten that were put to the witness had never been asked, and if nine speeches out of ten that were made by the members had never been delivered, the investigation would have been just as complete in all its parts as it now :is, and therefore this) objection is at once removed.
At the same time, I frankly acknowleilge, that my mind is embarrassed and perplexed with very serious difficulties and it
is from a sense of them, that I am indaced to address myself to you, of whose literary talents. I entertain the highest opinion, in order that I may obtain the benefit of your advice and assist
In the first place, I had been much at a loss what title to give my play; for much depends upon a good title. Indeed, a good title'is as important to à play, as 'n good name to an individual. My original intention was, to call it the Commander-in-Chief; as Shakspeare has called several of his plays, llamlet, Othello, King Lear, and others, afier the principal personages whose actions they rela’e; but I relinquished this intention, on considering, that in this case, the Commander-in-Chief, though certainly the principal per
sonage, never comes forward in his own proper person. The Investigation is applicable enough as a title ; but wants strength and signification. I therefore propose calling it The Conspiracy; a name which, while it is sufficiently impressive to arrest the attention of the public, can give offence to neither party, as each may * construe it in his own sense. The Ex-secretary at War may suppose it to countenance his idea of a Jacobin conspiracy against the House of Brunswick, set on foot by the machinations of lowlived republican incendiaries, enemies to monarchical government and social order: and Mr. Whitbread may apply the term to that species of conspiracy against monarchical government, which he says is hatching, not in cottages, but in palaces; not in the seditious prin..ciples of the vulgar, but in the prodigal debaucheries of princes. I mean, therefore, to call my play The Conspirator, unless your ingenuity can suggest a more appropriate title.
In the next place, I was long undecided whether to make it a tragedy or comedy. In the opinion of the critics, “ the subject best fiited for tragedy, is where a man has himself been the cause of his misfortunes, not so as to be deeply guilty, nor altogether innocent: the misfortune must be occasioned by a fault incident to human nature, and therefore in some degree venial. Such misfortunes call forth the social affections, and warmly interest the spectator." The history I have to narrate, completely accords with this description; and partakes of the nature of modern tragedy in another respect, that while the actors were grave, the audience was laughing. But then, on the other side of the question, it bears the strongest resemblance to comedy, because the incidents are much more of a comic than a serious nature. Most of our modern comedies, in the style of the French Comédie larmoyante, are so interlarded with pathetic sentiment, and our tragedies are so enlivened with sprightly buffoonery, that, generally speaking, no man can possibly guess, whether what he is listening to be tragedy or comedy, till he comes to the last scene of the last act; when it is denominated the one or the other, according as it pleases the author, to make the conclusion fortunate or unfortunate. Now, the conclusion of this story was not left to my discretion, and is of the most indeterminate description imaginable; for though a retreat has hitherto been considered as an unfortunate event, yet recent aüthorities have declared it to be fortunate, and even tantamount to a victory. Buonaparte foolishly imagined that he had the best of