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nations of the earth could continue to be united in the bonds of peace; but such a happy situation of things is rather to be desired than expected. There is a ferment in the minds of men which seems to prognosticate fresh disturbances, and which perhaps may end in great revolutions. It is not our business to prophesy; but we cannot avoid expressing our apprehensions, that the commotions in Holland will not blow over fo lightly as some politicians are ready to imagine.

The Literary Part of our work will explain the State of Knowledge, Science and Taste in the year 1786;

and it is a pleasure to find that, amidst a number of insignificant publications, there are so many which can be spoken of with applause. Those who depreciate the learning of the present times, are not acquainted with the subject. In the department of Domestic Literature, we have fresh obligations to the gentleman who hath voluntarily communicated to us the articles that relate to Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, and Medicine.

On the whole, we present the "Seventh Volume of the New Annual Register to our readers, with the agreeable hope, that they will derive from it both instruction and entertainment. Such a hope hath always animated our endeavours, and it will continue to invigorate our future exertions.



Hiftory of Knowledge, Learning, and Taste in Great Britain,
during the Reign of Henry the Seventh. From the rear 1485, to the
Year 1509.



снАР. І.

Second Seffion of the Irish Parliament. Meeting of Congress. Eleven Com-

mercial Propofitions. Their Reception. Parliamentary Reform. Twenty

Propofitions. I beir Difcufion. Rejected with Indignation. Parliament




Infurrections in the South of Ireland. Different Causes to which they were

afcribed. Violences committed against the Clergy of both Religions,


Diffentions of the United Provinces. Inftitution of the Volunteers. Rise of

a democratical Party. Conduct of the Citizens of Utrecht. Stadtholder

retires from the Hague. Treaties with the Emperor and France, 46


Meeting of Parliament. Speech from the Throne. Address. Alteration of the

Mutiny Bill. Duke of Richmond's Fortifications rejected. Bill for regulat-

ing the Militia. Mr. Marbam's Election Bill, Lord Mahon's bill, 61

CH A P. y.

Bill for eftablishing a Sinking Fund. Civil Lip Bill. Wine Excise Bill.

Bill of Crosun Lands. Mr. Wilberforce's Bill. Fisheries. Complaint

of Lord Rodney,


C H A P. VI.

Mr. Francis's India Bill. Bill of Mr. Dundas, relative to the Political

Government. Bill for amending the Judicature. Bill of East India



с н А Р. VII.

Impeachment of Mr. Haflings. Motion for Papers. Maraut. Papers rea

fufed. Debate on the Dehli Papers. Produčtion of the Charges. Mr.

Haflings heard at the Bar of the House of Commons. Witnesses examined.





An All for establishing Religious Freedom, pafid in the Asembly of Virginia,

in the Beginning of the Year 1786,


His Majesty's Speech 10 hoth Houses of Parliament, on Tuesday, Jan. 24,



The Speech of the Right Hon. Charles Wolfran Cornwall, Speaker of the

House of Commons, on Friday, May 26, 1786, upon presenting to his

Majesty the Bill for vesting certain Sums in Commiffioners, at the End of

every Quarter of a rear, to be by them applied to the Reduction of the

National Deb , cubicben received the Royal Alent,


His Majefy's Sprech tu be:t Houses of Parliament, on Wednesday, July u,


The Speech of his Grace Charles, Duke of Rutland; Lord Lieutenant of Ire

land, to both Houses of Parliament, on Thursday, Jan. 19, 1786, (66)

The Specch of the Right Hon. the Speaker of tbe House of Commons in Ire-

land, to bis Grace Charles, Duke of Rutland, Lord Lieutenant, on Tues

day, March 21, upon the presenting the Money Bills at the Bar of the

House of Lords,


The Speech of his Grace Charles, Duke of Rutland, Lord Lieutenant of Ire-

land, to both Houses of Parliament, on Monday, May 8, 1786, (ibid.)
The Specch of the Ambassador Extraordinary, from their High Mightinelles

, the
States General of the United Provinces, to the Emperor of Germany, on being

àdmitted to their Audience of Leave, on Wednesday, February 15, 1786, (68)

The Petition of the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of London, concerning the

Puniflıment of Felons, presented to his Majesty, on Wednesday, March 12,



Refolutions respeting a County Police, by the General Quarter Sefons of the

Wef Riding in Yorkshire, held at Pontefradt, on the 24th of April, 1786,

before the Earl of Effingham, Chairman, and thirteen other Justices of

the Peace,


The Petition of the

Inbabitants of the County of Middlesex, and the Cities of

London and Westminfier, presented to the House of Lords, in June, 1786,

against a Bill for regulating Lotteries, which had passed the House of

Commons, but wbich, in the Sequel, was rejected by the Lords, (72)

The Address of the Lord Mayor, Aldermcn, Sheriffs, and Common Council

of the City of London, presented to his Majesty, on Friday, August 11,

1786, on the Occasion of his happy Escape from Asasination; (73)

The Address of the Bishop of London, Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, and

Clergy of the Cities of London and Westminster,


The Address of the Bishop and Clergy of the Diocese of Chester, (ibid.)

The Address of the Bishop and Clergy of the Diocese of Landaft, (75)

The Address of the Bishop and Clergy of the Dioceje of St. Ajaph, (ibid.)

The Address of the Proteftant Dillenting Minifiers, in and about the Cities of

London and Westminster,


The Address of the Catholics of Ireland,


The Address of the Superiors of the Roman Catholic Clergy, of the Province

of Munfter,


The Address of the President and Fellows of the Royal College of Physicians

in London,


Convention between bis Britannic Majesty, and the King of Spain, figned at
London, the 14th of July, 1786,


Treaty of Commerce and Navigation, between his Britannic Majesty and the

Moft Chriflian King, figned at Versailles, the 26th of Sept. 1786, (82)

Form of the Pasports and Sea-letters which are to be granted by the respective

Admiralties of the Dominions of the trvo High Contracting Parties to the
Ships and Vileis failing from thence, pursuant to the 241) Article of the

présent Treaty,


Treaty of Alliance and Commerce between bis Majesty Frederick III. King of
Prulia, and the United States of America, as ratified by Congres, May


Memorial represented by Sir James Harris, K. B. to tbe States General of

the United Provinces, (ut the 5th of July, 1786,


Prince of Orange's Letter to ihe States of the Province of Holland, fent

Sept. 3, 1786, on the subject of their laie Refolution, quith regard to the

Command of the Garrison of the Hague,


7, 1786,

The Prince of Orange's Letter to the States of the Province of Holland, fent

Sept. 26, 1786, in answer to their Notification of his Sufpenfon from the

Office of Captain-General,


The King of Pruffia's Letter to the States General of the United Provinces,

delivered on the 18th of September, 1786, by the Count de Goertz, his

Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary,


Amount of tbe whole Civil and Military Establishment of the East India

Company, presented to Parliament, in February 1786,


An Account of the Annual Sums charged upon, and

payable out of the Aggre-
gate Fund, exclusive of the Sums paid out of that Fund for Annuitants,
and the Charges of Management, laid before the House of Commons, March
3, 1786,


Abfract of the several Articles of Public Receipt and Expenditure, from the

Report of the Seleet Committee,


The Tenth Report of the Commissioners appointed to cxamine, take, and flate

the Public Accounts of the Kingdom,


The Eleventh Report of the Commissioners, appointed to examine, take, and

ftate the Public Accounts of the Kingdom,


The Twelfth Report of the Commissioners, appointed to examine, take, and

ftate the Public Accounts of the Kingdom,


Supplies granted in the rear 1786,


Public Aets passed in the Third Sefion of the Sixteenth Parliament of Great



Price of Stock for tbe rear 1786,




Various Particulars of the Life of Lord Digby,


Character of Sir John Berkley,


Character of Sir Henry Bennet,


Memoirs of Sir John Davies,


Some Account of De Foc,


The Life of Ali Bey,



Efia of the Public Games on the Chara&ter of the Greeks,


Influence of their Musical and Poetical Contests,


Condition and Treatment of the Grecian Women,


Character and Manners of the Ancient Welsh,


Manners of the Modern Egyptians,


Account of the Egyptian Pulli,


Account of the Drufes,



History and Character of Ancient Comedy,


Parallel of the Greek and Roman Hiftorians,


Of the English Conjunctions,


The Piri Requifite of the Drama,


Difting Cbaracters of Macbeth and Richard III.


Of Logic, or the Art of Reaforing,


Advantages attending Quotations,


Of the Eccentricities of Imagination,


Efimate of Dr. Johnson's Critical Abilities,



Observations on the Sulphur Wells at Harroga!t, made in July and Auguft,

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178. By the Right Reverend Richard Lord Bishop of Landaff,

F. R. S.


The present State of Mount Vesuvius; with the Account of a Voyage to the

Ihand of Ponza. In a Letter from Sir William Hamilton, K. B. F.R.S.

to Sir Hoseph Bank, Bart, P.R.S.


Account of a new Electrical Fish,


Advertisement of the expected Return of the Comet of 1532 and 1661, in the

Year 1788. By the Revs Nevil Maskelyne, D. D. F. R. S. and Afro-

nomer Royal,


Primary Notions of the Matter of Fire,


Applications of the foregoing Notions,


Obj: rvations on the Composition of Waler,


Ar Elay on Poriable Furnaces,


Natural History of the Giant's Causeway,


Defcription of Gordale,



Sketch of the Welsh Bards,

Royal Household among the Welsh,


Military E fablishment of the Anglo-Saxons,

Conftitutional Establishment after the Conquest,

Monaftic Inftitutions in Ireland,


Style of the Ancient Irish Music,


Particulars relating to the first Settlement of the Scots in Ireland, [166]


Letters on the Breeding and Treatment of Silk Worms,


The State of Agriculture among A the Flemings,


An Apology for Luxury,


Repetions on Novelty,


Advice to Prebendaries,


Human Learning, an Apologue,


The Dean of Badajoz, a I ale,


Interesting Particulars refpe-ring the Death of Captain Cook, [198]

Ρ ο E T RY.

Od: for the New Year,


Persian Song,


Song, in the Comedy of the Heiress,


Ode to Phillis,


Imitation of Horace, Book II. Ode xvi. by Mr. Hastings, on bis Passage

from Bengal to England,


Ode for his Majesty's Birth Day,


An Irregular Fragment, found in a dark Pallage in tbe Tower, [211]

Part of an Ode to Supirflition,


Lines written in the Album, at Co Jey Hall, Norfolk,


Invocation to Retirement,


Sranzas ox Future Fame,


Virtue and Ornament, an Ode to the Ladies,


Prologue to the Heiress,


Epilogue to the Heires,


An Italian Song,


DOMESTIC LITERATURE, For the rear 1786.


FOREIGN LITERATURE, For the Year 1785.


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