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moured with the rulers of Ire- and, think Mr. CANNING, what land.

he may, of the matter, he will There are powerful parties in find that the fall of Cadiz has all the States of South America; gone far towards the fate of the and these parties are, in some « South American Republics.cases, opposed to the Government The Courier announces to us. of Old Spain. With great aid that, “the great question of South from without, these parties might “ American independence, will, ere establish independent Govern- “ long, occupy the Councils of Euments; but, never without such " rope.From those Councils, your aid, unless we could annihilate Majesty is (as the Courier has the intriguing faculties of Europe. told us), to be excluded; that is to It is said, and in the Moniteur, say, your Ministers will have notoo, that the Spanish vessels of thing to do with those Councils. war are preparing at Cadiz to pro- Hard, may it please your Ma. ceed to South America. That these jesty, to exclude the deliverers of are manned with Frenchmen and Europe from the Councils of Euare carrying French money (bor- rope! But, if these · Councils rowed, very likely, in London), should decide, that South Amethere can be little doubt. But to rica shall not be independent ; prevent the establishment of Go-then, what have we left but war? vernments in the Colonies, these In the meanwhile, the Spaniards armaments are by no means ne- (that is to say, the French), are cessary. The news from Old Spain sending an armament to the scene will have much more than half de- of action. England is proceedstroyed; the bare news, without ing by“ BEAT OF DRUM," and any thing else ; the bare news of a thing by no means to be overthe surrender of Cadiz to the looked) the sister republies of the French; the bare news of this North are sending a squadron, for event, will have half destroyed all the “suppression of piracy," in the works of the revolutionists in the West India Seas. This is a the Colonies. If I, seeing Eng- mere pretext. Four well equipland in a state of republican re- ped vessels of war, volution, were to place myself at sailed from the Potomac to the the head of a revolution in Nova West Indies ; and I am sure, that Scotia, and were to declare that no man in his senses will ask for country in a state of independence. what. If I were in this situation, and The foregoing observations are were to receive news of the Hano- intended merely as an introduce verians having come over to Eng- tion, to the Petition which I am land, and of their having first been about to annex; but I cannot conreceived witl'acclamations of joy clude this Memorial, without obin London, and then, taking pos- serving on the perverseness; on session of Portsmouth and Ply- the wilful blindness of even the mouth : if I were to receive such most intelligent part of the Lonnews in Nova Scotia, I should, I don Press ; on its wonderful obbelieve, think much less about the stinacy in disguising from itself, independence of Nova Scotia than the part which the United States about the saving of my own neck; have acted and are acting in this

have just great drama. This Press bas' re confirm the opinions contained in cently informed us of the detec- the following Petition. In it tion and imprisonment of two will be found the true clue to the French spies in Mexico. It was, conduct of the United States. it seems, discovered, that they But, circumstances have wholly were carrying on a treasonable changed, as far as relates to the correspondence.A treasonable relative power of those States, as correspondence with the French connected with this question. Minister : not with the French When the Petition was written, Minister at Paris, however, but they had no ally to support them with the French Minister at Wash- against England.

They have ington! At Washington! Carry- now the whole of the House of ing on a conspiracy against “li- Bourbon and Russia. If the berty,even in liberty's own Spanish Colonies of America, “ Capitol!Like Syphax and again take their place under the SEMPRONIUS, carrying on a con- House of Bourbon, England must spiracy against Cato, in Cato's abandon all those maritime rights, own hall !

which have been the chief source Ah, Sir! if

you had Ministers of her power, and always the rock that thought less about the safety of her safety; and return under of the boroughs, and more about the dominion of the House of the safety of your kingdom, how Bourbon those Colonies must, unsoon would Englishmen laugh to less we send forth fleets and arscorn all the petty hatchings of mies to effect and to secure their these conspirators!

independence. That your MaIn spite of this discovery; in jesty will, at last, call upon the spite of the Act of Congress con- Parliament for those fleets and tained in the subjoined Petition ; armies, I have little doubt; and, in spite of the matchless duplicity when you shall be compelled to do of acknowledging the independ- that, may I be permitted to hope, ence of Buenos Ayres in news- that you will condescend to read paper paragraphs, and in no offi- the following Petition of cial document; in spite of the Your Majesty's sailing of the squadron from the Faithful Subject and Potomac; in spite of facts suffi

Most humble Servant, cient to enlighten the understandings of idiots, the London press

WM. COBBETT. still affects, when it is speaking of the affairs of South America, to leave the interest, the disposition

To His Royal Highness the Prince,

Regent of the United Kingdom of and the power of the United

Great Britain and treland. States, wholly out of the question ! The Petition of WILLIAM COBBETT The main object of this Memorial of Botley in the County of Southis, to press upon the Public, under

ampton, now residing at North the form of an Address to your

Hampstead, in the State of New Majesty, the necessity of being

York, this 17th day of October prepared for the hostility of the Most humbly Showeth,

1817, United States. Every day brings 1. That, next after the present forth something to strengthen and situation of England herself, the object the most interesting to every and which bid him upon this occawell-informed and patriotic Eng- sion, as upon all other occasions, lishman must, as your Petitioner to make every exertion, within the humbly presumes to believe, be compass of his humble means, to the present situation of the Spanish promote the welfare and advance Colonies in America, in whose im- the honour of England. mense and fertile regions there are 3. To the mind of your Royal preparing, and, indeed, there are Highness the bare fact of a Revonow in progress, such changes as lution being in existence and agiwill, in all human probability, pro- tating the breasts of the whole of duce a new distribution of wealth the population of a country, which and of power amongst the most reaches from the 18th degree of considerable of the nations of the North Latitude to the 50th degree world; and, as will, at the very of South Latitude; a country which least, materially affect many of thus extends four thousand miles those nations, not only in a Com- in length, which, in breadth, at mercial, but also in a Naval and some points, extends three thouMilitary point of view. Of all those sand miles, and which is unbroken nations no one is, as it appears to except by the comparatively trifling your humble Petitioner, nearly so possessions of the Portuguese and deeply interested as England in the Dutch; a country which borthis grand Revolution, which, if ders, at one extremity, on the part your Royal Highness's Councillors of the United States, at once the be wise, prompt, and faithful to most fertile and the most important their King and his People, may as to all probable future military greatly tend to restore her to pros- and naval operations; a country perity, may secure to her an undis- which has numerous ports on the puted maritime predominance for side of the Pacific, as well as on ages not to be numbered, and may, that of the Atlantie, ocean; a counat the same time, and from the use try, which, to all the articles of of the very same means, crown her European produce adds many artiwith the unfading glory of having cles that are refused by nature even given freedom to twenty millions to the most favoured part of the of people, who now groan out their United States; a country, which, lives under the double-thonged while it is cheered by a continual scourge of Civil and Religious summer on the surface of the earth, tyranny.

has mines beneath inexhaustible 2. Such being the opinion of your in silver and in gold; a country Petitioner, it is impossible for him which abounds in, or is capable of to refrain from soliciting most hum-producing, almost all the commobly, though most earnestly, the at- dities, greatly useful, as imports, tention of your Royal Highness to to England, and which, at the same this important matter. And, he time, offers to England the surest, begs leave here to be permitted to the most extensive, and the best of represent to your Royal Highness, all possible markets; a country, that, while taking this step, he for- which, if independent, nature would gets not the injuries at this time forbid to become, in any respect, unjustly inflicted on his fellow sub- the rival of England, and which jects in general, and on himself in from necessity must seek her friend. particular; but, that, bearing these ship, and rely, in a great measure, in mind, as he trusts be shall, to on her power : to the mind of your the last moment of his life, he also Royal Highness the bạre fact of a bears in mind those sacred obliga- Revolution being in actual existtions of law and of nature, which ence in such a country; to the mind bind him to the land of his birth, of every one who feels for the inte

rest and honour of England, this favour ; that the Viceroy; indeed, bare fact, as your Petitioner hunı- raises troops, but that even these 'bly presumes to believe, must sug- are disaffected towards him; that, gest the strongest desire to know on the Atlantic side, the only conthe true state of that Revolution sidérable seaport of this Viceroyand to see clearly developed the alty, La Vera Cruz, is, as yet, in probable consequences of its ulti- the hands of the Spanish governmate success.

ment, but that, to drive the present 4. Deep is the sorrow of your possessors from that port, and to Petitioner when he reflects on bis afford every necessary assistance incapacity to perform this task in to the oppressed people, one single · a manner worthy of the magnitude English frigate, with twenty thouand importance of the subject; but, sand stand of arms, sent to the urged thereunto by a sense of im- Gulf of Mexico, would be suffiperious duty towards your Royal cient; that this. Viceroyalty, which Highness and his Country, no con- proposes to form itself into a disviction, however perfect, of his in- tinct independent state, has a popuability can be sufficient to restrain lation of from seven to eight milhim from making the attempt. lions, nearly equalling the popula" 5. Minutely to describe the state tion of the United States of Ameof the Revolution in Spanish Ame- rica, on wbich it borders on one rica; to lay before your Royal side, and with regard to the reHighness in detail the number of sources and power of which United men in arms in the several Pro., States, the establishment of the vinces and Viceroyalties; to state independence of Mexico, must, as the precise situation of the hostile your Petitioner will hereafter humarmies and armaments; to say what bly endeavour to show, have a most are the exact means, which, in the important effect. 'several warlike scenes, the parties 6. That, with regard to the Sepossess, or may speedily expect: cond Grand Division of these imthese would demand a mass of in- mense regions, which division information not only greater than is cludes New Grenada and Venepossessed by your Petitioner, but zuela, and which extends from the greater than can, at this time, pos- isthmus of Darien to the mouth of sibly be possessed by any one man. the Oronoca (along more than seBut, the information which your ven hundred miles of sea coast the Petitioner has acquired, not from most important in every point of mere rumour or from published view), containing a population of accounts, but from a personal com- from three to four millions, a de'munication with men of high cha-claration of independence, and a racter, coming directly from the new form of government have, long spot, enables him confidently to since, been proclaimed; that a state to your Royal Highness, war, extensive and sanguinary, has, that, in the Viceroyalty of Mexico, for years, been going on; that the which is the most Northern part Patriots have commanders regu

of the Spanish Dominions on the larly appointed and commissioned ; Main, and which borders on the that they have a Representative United States, the people are wholly Assembly, officers of state, a nadisaffected to the government; that tional flag, and, in short, that they they have a Junta, or Assembly of exercise the powers of sovereignty Representatives, in the Province over a large portion of this extenof Validolid; that they have leaders sive,' fertile, rich and important of great enterprise and talent, and territory. Here, as in the case of that arms only are wanted to de- Mexico, arms only, and a trifling cide, at once, the struggle in their maritime force are wanted to put an end to the contest, and, as your their rights and perfectly enlightPetitioner humbly hopes that he ened as to the nature of those shall be able to show, to open to rights, unless such people were England the fairest prospect of overwhelmed by an irresistible immense advantages.

combination of foreign Powers, a 7. That, in Peru, which forms circumstance that cannot happeu the Third Division, and which is to the Spanish Independents, un. bounded to the North by the last- less through the consent, or the mentioned Territory, to the East connivance, of England, acting, as by the Portuguese Possessions, to in such case she must, not only in the South by the Territory of Chili, violation of the dictates of justice and to the West by the Pacific and humanity, but, as your PetiOcean, and which has a population tioner hambly hopes he shall be of from two to three millions, the able to show, in direct opposition spirit of independence is as active to her own most important and as in the afore-mentioned territo- most permanent interests. ries, and that here also a mere 10. In order to obtain an insight trifle in the way of maritime force as to the probable consequences of and of arms would decide the con- the ultimate success of the Revolutest, even, perhaps, without further tion of Spanish America, especially struggle.

as those consequences will affect, 8. That, in the Southern Divi- permanently as well as for the presion, including the Territories of sent, the prosperity and power of Buenos Ayres and of Chili, and England, and that he might be able containing a population of from the better to discharge his duty to three to four millions, the contest your Royal Highness and his counis nearly at an end. The Patriots try, your Petitioner has carefully have established a new Govern- attended to the nature of the proment, and, with the exception of a ducts throughout the territories trifling portion of territory on the which are the subject of his petition. borders of the Pacific Ocean, on And, as to this matter, he begs leave which Spain is endeavouring to humbly to beseech your Royal Highkeep up the struggle, the whole of ness to bear in mind that Mexico this Division is under the actual produces all those articles of comcontrol of the Patriot Government. merce, which are produced in the

9. But, though your Petitioner United States, such as cotton, to-. places, in relation to the state of bacco, ship - timber, and many, the Revolation, great reliance on others, and, besides these, cochia the particular information which neal, indigo, dye-woods, and maho. he has, from most respectable and gany, while it abounds in those authentic sources, received, he mines of silver and of gold, of which places much greater reliance upon the United States have none. The. the natural and inevitable tendency city of Mexico, situated nearly of the existence, throughout the about the centre of this Viceroyafore-mentioned countries, of a alty, and which city contains a hun general spirit of revolt against op- dred and eighty thousana'jubabipression and insult exercised by tants, is blessed with a climate tu: imbecility, and which spirit of re- knows no winter; a never-fading volt, together with which oppres- verdare clothes the fields; two sion, insult and imbecility are no-crops of any kind of European torious to all the world. The his- grain are, with facility, made, in torý of nations, as your Petitioner the same year, to succeed each humbly ventures to believe, fur- other on the same plot of ground, nishes no instance of the re-subju- and even two crops of maize, or gation of a people, once in arms for Indian corn, while one crop of this

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