Abbildungen der Seite

of this weeding of the plantation of that year, I sowed as many would be, five hundred and fifteen locust seeds as I thought would pounds per acre at the end of produce plants sufficient for a fourteen years. The six hundred hundred acres of land ; that is to and eighty trees remaining would say, two hundred and seventybe worth a great deal more than a two thousand. I intended to plant pound a piece, at the end of anó- these hundred acres in six distinet ther seven years. Thus an acre parcels of land, I having then six of land, besides paying rent and children ; and I intended that taxes, would yield a profit of each child should have one parcel, more than a thousand pounds in and that my sons should all be twenty years.

farmers. I saw the seeds come When I made my little planta- op in the Spring, most beautifully; tions of 1809, I planted, in a field, and the scheme seemed to be in a about six acres, partly of locusts, fair way of accomplishment. But, partly of ash, and other trees. In alas ! ELLENBOROUGH, GROSE, consequence of ELLENEOROUGH, Le Blanc and BAYLEY laid hold Grose, Le BLANC and Bayley of me, in the following month of sending me to prison in 1810, this July! Away went the locust trees; plantation got smothered with and I became pitted, life for life, weeds, and a bailiff ploughed it against the THING, under the up in 1811. A little piece of this existence of which, I had been plantation was left, it happened condemned to live with felons for to be of ash. The plants stood two years of my life'; to pay a i at the rate of four thousand eight fine of a thousand pounds to the hundred and forty upon an aére. King; and to be held in bonds The trees upon the piece which for seven years after that; and all was not ploughed up, are now this because I had expressed my worth, I should think, a couple of indignation at the flogging of shillings each; and that is at the Englishmen, in the heart of Eng

rate of four hundred and eighty- land, under a guard of German ; four pounds an acre. So that | bayonets. The poor little locust

there is nothing so very wonderful trees were buried amongst weeds in the calculation relative to the and speedily destroyed; but I locats, the profits of which, I have, took care of the sons, who, howindeed, greatly understated. ever, have been prevented from In the year 1810 : the Spring becoming farmers.

[ocr errors]

My plan had nothing in it that The Old Man and the Three was not most rational; and if I Young Men. The sentiments exhad now a hundred acres of land, pressed in that fable, are sufficient or even fifty acres, I would not to immortalize the writer; and I - part with a single locust plant, greatly regret that I possess no except to oblige a friend. It will translation, any thing like being not be long, I dare say, before I worthy of the original. shall make another sowing, with In the above accounts of exmuch about such a design as I penses, I have omitted the exhad before; and, ELLENBOROUGH, pense of pruning, or, at least, of Grose, and Le RLANC will not felling and trimming the poles. disturb my project, at any rate. and trees. These expenses will When the plantation of the trees fall greatly short of the amount of from number three to number the fire-wood. The lop, however, seven was going on, one of the will not be very great, seeing that men observed that the trees were the trees are to be constantly very small. I said, small as they pruned, whether for poles or for are, we shall see them grow into timber. My trees of the two last great timber trees. One of the plantations would have run out men, whose name was GURMAN, into limbs, like the two trees of said: "Our grandchildren may, the first plantation, if I had not Sir, but we never shall.”—“I beg been careful about the pruning. you will speak for yourself," said You must, also, be careful to I; "for I expect to live to see prune in time; and sometimes to them as big round as my body." give, not only a winter pruning; There is hardly a tree of them but a summer pruning also. This, that is not that already. And, in- however, is a very trifling matter ; deed, it is a sorrowful instance of for, a clever man, with a good human frailty, that men are de- knife, will go over an acre in a terred from planting because they day, and pick up his cuttings into think that they, themselves, shall the bargain; though, perhaps, the not see the trees come to perfec- summer cuttings are hardly worth tion. I think I have, in this Re- picking up. gister (the real Noah's Ark of I have only one thing more to subjects), once before pointed out observe as to the cultivation; and to the admiration of the reader, the that is, that I always cut down fable of La FONTAINE, entitled, the trees, early in the month of


June, after having planted them which means, in fact, that it is a out in April. Early in June they pity to have straight and fastbegin to show their leaves, and growing trees. A neighbour of then I cut them down within an mine, the late Mr. CLEWER, of inch of the ground, taking care to Botley, told me, that he sowed, have a very sharp knife, and when he was a young man, three to hold the stem of

the acorns,

in a row near to each plant firm, SO to prevent other. I forget the number of the root from being loosened years that he suffered the plants by the operation. If the plant to remain, when he cut two of be of a tolerable size when plant- them down close to the ground, ed; if the ground be well pre- leaving one of them untouched. pared, and the planting well per- At the end of two years afterwards, formed, the tree will send up a he cut down again one of the two shoot of full four feet the first which he had cut down before, year. You must have your trees leaving the other two untouched. looked over in about a fortnight At the end of twenty years, the after cutting them down, and result was, what I cannot preagain, in about a month, to see cisely recollect; but, as far as I whether there be more than one can recollect, the tree which had shoot coming out from each stem. been cut down twice, was a great If there be, you must rub off all deal taller and bigger than the but the strongest. If this should tree which had been cut down be neglected, which it ought' not, only once; and that even this was by any means, you must take half ás tall again, and more than care, when winter comes, to have twice as big round at the bottom, but one shoot to each stém. as the tree which had not been

“ It is a pity to cut it down !" cut down at all. If this be the How often have I heard this ex- case, with regard to trees that clamation from persons, and per- have never been transplanted, how sons of great sense, too, when I necessary must it be to cut down have advised them to cut their transplanted trees!: young trees down. Even garden

I have before said ; but I reers and nurserymen are, in many peat, that any trees that are ordercases, with difficulty prevailed ed, will be carefully sent to any upon, to refrain from acting upon part of the country. The window the notion of this exclamation; sill, mentioned above, and also the

little blocks of Locust wood, will wages, of schooling by the year; be at Fleet Street after Monday to ascertain the amount of the next. These specimens of the rent of houses of various descriptimber have been cut off a tree tion in town and country ; to asgrown at Fulham ; and I believe certain the state of agriculture, that no better timber of the sort and, as far as he was able, to can be grown in any part of the ascertain the state of emigration world.

from England, and how France I make no apology to the read- was affected by this emigration, ers of the Register, for having whether in her agriculture, handitaken up so much of its space, craft or manufactures; to bring us with these American trees; because home something like a true acI look upon the subject to be one count of the state of France as of deep and general interest; and to the administration of justice, because it must be manifest to as to the frequency or infrequency every reasonable man, that I act, of crimes; but, above all things, in this instance, from motives of to bring home a true account public good, a great deal more of the state of the labourers in than from motives of private in agriculture; to inform us of the terest.

proportion which their wages WM. COBBETT. bore, to the price of the neces

saries of life ; and to give us

account of the rela

tionships between landlord and RIDE IN FRANCE.

tenant, and between farmer and

labourer, as might enable us Mr. James CobbETT returned to judge between our state and to London on Tuesday evening, the state of the French ; this beafter having gone, on horseback, ing, in reality, the only solid about eight hundred miles in foundation whereon to build any France. The Southerninost point conjecture as to what that Gowas CHATEREAUX, which is si-vernment is likely to be able to tuated within a few iniles of the do, or to attempt with regard to centre of France. The objects us. A knowledge of the feelings, of his ride were, to ascertain the of the disposition, of the content state of prices of land, of labour, or discontent of a kingdom, is not of food, of raiment, of servants to be acquired in coffee-houses,

such an

reading-rooms or other gossiping" March 1824, a Hat or Bonet, shops.-It has been found impos-" made from indigenous British sible to insert in the Register, the grass, that shall be equally good communications received weekly " in texture and colour, as those from Mr. James COBBÉTT during “ imported from Leghorn.”—This his ride." It is, however, his in- offer may lead, I should think, to tention to prepare for the press, much misunderstanding. In the and to publish, about the first first place, a hundred different week of January, the result of persons may produce such hats his observations and inquiries. or bonnets. In the next place, He has seen the French people, they may all be equal in colour in all situations of life. He has and superior in texture to those seen the labouring man in his imported from Leghorn, and yet cottage and at his dinner. And they may all be extremely coarse; he flatters himself that the infor- so coarse as really not to be worth mation, the detail of facts, which five shillings apiece. The Sohe has to communicate 'to the ciety will, perhaps, give an ec. Public, will be found to be useful planation of this offer; for, it to many persons, at least : and, appears to me to stand in need

to his manner of communicat- of one. I have seen plat, and ing the information, though it will even bonnets, made at Bury stand in need of an uncommon St. Edmunds, superior to any portion of indulgence, he is sure Leghorn that I have ever seens. that he shall receive the benefit of There are several Schools in that indulgence.

England for teaching the knitting as well as the platting. Last Spring, when I published the

last Number of the Cottage EcoSTRAW PLAT.

nomy, it was thought impossible

for any body to do the knitting, I PERCEIVE that the Society except Jew-women. From the of Arts, Manufactures and Com- establishment of Mr. COBBING merce, have published an offer, and his partners, at Bury St. to give the Silver Medal or Fifteen Edmunds, I am this day to reGuineas“ to the person who shall ceive a Suffolk Girl, who learnt "produce to the Society, on or the knitting from instructions * before the first Tuesday in given in my book, and who is


« ZurückWeiter »