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LETTERS AND TELEGRAMS—Continued
Bosworth, Marie M., 2425 East Main Street, Medford, Oreg.: Telegram,

dated February 3, 1958, to Senator Neuberger.
Brandborg, Stewart M., assistant conservation director, National Wildlife

Federation: Letter, dated February 27, 1958, to Senator Neuberger.--Brundage, Percival, Director, Bureau of the Budget:

Letter, dated January 31, 1958, to Senator Neuberger, with a momo

randum entitled “Hoover Commission Recommendation on Use of

Career Personnel”.
Burke, Mrs. Edna L., 1192 Jefferson Street, Eugene, Oreg., secretary,

Women's State Missionary Board: Telegram, dated February 12, 1958,

to Senator Neuberger.. Chandler, Robert W., publisher, The, Bend Bulletin, Bend, Oreg.: Letter,

dated January 31, 1958, to Senator Neuberger, with an editorial,

Seaton's Proposal...
Chilson, O. Hatfield, Acting Secretary of the Interior:
Neuberger, Senator Richard L.:

Letter to, dated February 5, 1958, re hunting and fishing rights..

Letter to, dated February 13, 1958.--
Collins, Charles S., Post Office Box 249, Roseburg, Oreg., executive vice

president, Oregon Wildlife Federation: Letter, dated January 29, 1958,

to Senator Neuberger. Crawford, Ida and Wade: Letter, dated January 22, 1958, to executive

committee of Klamath Agency Davis, Elnathan, 730 North Ninth Street, Klamath Falls, Oreg., member,

Klamath Tribe: Letter, dated February 8, 1958, to Senator Neuberger. Fischer, Virlis L., 1612 Houssels Avenue, Las Vegas, Nev.: Telegram,

dated February 2, 1958, to Senator Neuberger Fritz, Emanuel, 102 The Uplands, Berkeley 5, Calif.: Letter, dated Jan

uary 27, 1958, to Senator NeubergerHolmes, Robert D., Governor, State of Oregon: Letter, dated January 30,

1958, to Senator Neuberger
Jenkins, Frank, publisher of Klamath Falls Herald and News, Klamath

Falls, Oreg., and Glenn L. Jackson, 117 Greenway Circle, Medford,
Oreg.:
Neuberger, Senator Richard L.:

Telegram to, dated February 4, 1958.

Letter to, dated February 14, 1958
Jiminez, Mrs. Ima, president, and Mrs. Marie Norris, secretary, Klamath

Reservation Discussion Group, Chiloquin, Oreg.: Letter, dated February
4, 1958, to Glen A. Wilkinson, Klamath tribal attorney
Klamath Falls Citizens Committee, Klamath Falls, Oreg.: Telegram, dated

Feb. 1, 1958, to Senator Neuberger..
Kolbe, Ernest L., Western Pine Association, Portland, Oreg.: Telegram,

dated February 1, 1958, to Senator Neuberger.
Lang, Delford, Chiloquin, Oreg., member, Klamath Tribe: Letter, dated

February 7, 1958, to Senator Neuberger-
Madigan, La Verne, executive director, Association of American Indian

Affairs : Letter dated February 21, 1958, to Senator Neuberger..-
Maloney, E. W., Klamath Falls, Oreg., forester, Modoc Lumber Co.:

Telegram, dated February 4, 1958, to Senator Neuberger
Mathis, C. Robert, attorney, 1000 Vermont Avenue, NW.:

Letter, dated February 6, 1958, to Senator Neuberger
Letter, dated February 7, 1958, to Under Secretary Chilson..

Letter, dated February 17, 1958, to James H. Gamble ---
Moehl, Richard C., Klamath Falls, Oreg., assistant manager, Car-Ad-Co

Co., Letter, dated January 31, 1958, to Senator Neuberger -
Nelson, A. Z., director, National Lumber Manufacturers Association:

Letter, dated February 19, 1958, to Senator Neuberger, containing views

of its association. Neuberger, Senator Richard L.:

Telegram, dated February 5, 1958, to Frank Jenkins and Glenn L.

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Jackson
Letter, dated February 18, 1958, to Roy Beadle.

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LETTERS AND TELEGRAMS—Continued
Pomeroy, Kenneth B., 917 17th St. NW., Washington, D. C., chief forester,

the American Forestry Association: Letter, dated January 29, 1958, to

Senator Neuberger---
Pryse, Col. E. Morgan, 4613 Albemarle St., NW., Washington, D. C.:

Letter, dated February 19, 1958, to Senator Neuberger, containing a

statement. Puckett, 0. K., 1927 Earle St., Klamath Falls, Oreg., partner, Puckett &

Scherer: Letter, dated January 30, 1958, to Senator Neuberger. Redden, James A., Jr., 502 New Fliedner Building, Portland, Oreg., chairman, Democratic central committee: Telegram, dated January 30, 1958,

to Senator Neuberger.
Reed, Nelson, 216 First National Bank Building, Klamath Falls, Oreg.:

Letter, dated January 25, 1958, to Senator Neuberger--
Seaton, Fred A., Secretary of the Interior: Letter, dated January 13, 1958,

to President of the Senate Richard M. Nixon, with a draft of a proposed
bill..
Simpson, Lewis L., 518 East Main St., Medford, Oreg., secretary-manager,

Southern Oregon Conservation and Tree Farm Association: Letter,

dated February 3, 1958, to Senator Neuberger. -
Stephenson, C. B., Portland, Oreg., president, the First National Bank:

Letter, dated January 31, 1958, to Senator Neuberger.
Stevenson, George, Lakeview Highway, Klamath Falls, Oreg., chairman,

Klamath Falls County Land Use: Telegram, dated January 30, 1958,

to Senator Neuberger. Stone, J. Herbert, regional forester, Department of Agriculture: Letter,

dated January 2, 1958, to Senator Neuberger with an enclosure re Forest Service timber sales since 1950 tributary to Klamath Falls area-Thrasher, Floreine W., Prineville, Oreg.: Letter, dated February 7, 1958,

to Senator Neuberger-Weyerhaeuser, George H., Tacoma Building, Tacoma, Wash., manager,

Weyerhaeuser Timber Co.: Letter, dated January 30, 1958, to Senator

Neuberger
Wilkinson, Glen A., 744 Jackson Place, Washington, D. C., attorney:

Letter, dated January 8, 1958, to Delford Lang, re allocation of funds

for litigation due to termination. Letter, dated February 19, 1958, to Senator Neuberger-Wolf, Robert E., forestry consultant to Committee on Interior and In

sular Affairs: Letter, dated January 10, 1958, to Senator Neuberger--Zoiler, M. M., superintendent, Klamath Indian Agency, Bureau of Indian

Affairs, Klamath Falls, Oreg.: Letter, dated April 2, 1957, to J. C.
O'Neill, attorney, Klamath Falls, Oreg ----

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ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

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588 522

593

American Forestry Association resolution endorsing S. 3051.
Analytical study of S. 3051, compiled by Legislative Reference Service,

Library of Congress-
Balance of tribal funds (table).
Chronological record of meetings of Management Specialists with tribal

members and of information made available to tribal members regarding
termination proceedings-
Chronology of the steps necessary and the time involved in order to con-

duct the timber-sales program (under Public Law 587 and the admin

istration bill)
Education and training program of Klamath Indians
Estimate of funds required to defray expenses in Klamath litigation.
General summary of tribal assets (table) -
Hoover Commission recommendation on use of career personnel.
Hunting and fishing rights of Klamath Indians (study by Legislative Re-

ference Service, Library of Congress).
Inclusion of per capita payment in Klamath Termination Act (memo)-
Individuals and companies sent notice of hearings on S. 2047 and S. 3051.
Interior Committees and Indian Affairs Subcommittees of the Senate and

House of the 83d Congress, 2d session --
Klamath Tribe Nears a Crisis (article by Mark A. Talney in the Christian

Century).

448 597 502 324 358

492 487 318

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549

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION-Continued

List of minors or non compos mentis cases filed in Probate Court of Oregon Pago (submitted by Mr. Crawford).

499 Lumber companies that purchased timber on Klamath Indian Reservation.

518 Meetings attended by Klamath education staff members.

599 Minutes of Klamath General Council meeting of July 29, 1954 (extract)-

515 Petition of 240 enrolled members of the Klamath Tribe

510 Possible programing of actions through the Klamath Tribe, individual

members, or the executive council (information study, prepared by Dibbon Cook)-

463 Proposed sales of timber, Klamath Indian Reservation, Oreg. (announcement).

449 Resolution of Klamath Basin Water Users Protective Association, Route 2, Box 542, Klamath Falls, Oreg

555 Seaton Denies Region Faces Power Shortage, article from the Portland (Oreg.) Journal.-

548 Seaton's Proposal, editorial from the Bend Bulletin..

566 Specifications and minimum requirements for sustained yield (tentative agreement)

383 Timber sales (Forest Service) since 1950 tributary to Klamath Falls area.- 360 Trust agreement between the Secretary of the Interior and members of the

Klamath Tribe of Indians, proposed by Management Specialists.. 332 Uproar on Klamath Reservation, article by Anthony Netboy, submitted by Spencer Smith...

425

AMENDMENTS TO THE KLAMATH TERMINATION ACT

OF 1954

MONDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1958

UNITED STATES SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON INDIAN AFFAIRS OF THE
COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 9:40 a. m., in room 224, Senate Office Building, Senator Richard L. Neuberger (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Senators Neuberger and Watkins.

Present also: William H. Coburn, special counsel; James H. Gamble, professional staff member; Robert Wolf, forestry consultant, Subcommittee on Indian Affairs; and N. D. McSherry, assistant chief clerk.

Senator NEUBERGER. The subcommittee will please come to order.

I have a brief opening statement I will read before we hear the first witness.

I would like to open the meeting this morning by extending to all of those in attendance a most cordial welcome. The purpose of this hearing is to pursue further proposed amendments to Public Law 587, 83d Congress, the so-called Klamath Indian Termination Act.

I think it would be proper to commence by sketching briefly the developments which have occurred in recent years on this subject.

Public Law 587, enacted in 1954, has as its objective the ending of all Federal services to Klamath Indians because of their status as Indians.

On several occasions I have stated publicly that the act was premature and ill advised. I think my judgment has been proven correct by subsequent developments.

Since 1954 the Management Specialists charged with carrying out the program have been bringing to our attention the serious consequences of the law, not only with respect to the Klamath Indians, but to the entire Klamath Basin in the State of Oregon.

In 1956 the chairman of the Indian Affairs Subcommittee, Senator Joseph C. O'Mahoney, of Wyoming, and the chairman of

the Senate Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, Senator James E. Murray, of Montana, conducted hearings on the Klamath questions.

I deeply appreciate the interests that these two distinguished Members of the Senate have taken in the operation of the Klamath ter

minal program.

The hearing held in 1956 showed conclusively that the Klamath Act, if carried out by its original terms, would have a very detrimental effect on the Indians, their valuable timber assets, and on the economy of the whole area in southern Oregon where the reservation is located.

At the outset of the 85th Congress, I introduced, for myself and Senator Morse, S. 469, a bill which would, among other things, delay the sales of tribal property and give Congress an opportunity to study alternative ways of carrying out the termination program without adversely affecting the Indians or the community in which they live.

S. 469 was enacted, although in a form not totally satisfactory to me. As passed by the Senate, the bill provided for a postponement until the end of the 2d session of the 85th Congress of sales of tribal property to satisfy the demands of members electing to withdraw from the tribe.

It also provided for a 3-year extension of the law in order to provide for orderly marketing of tribal assets, and authorized sufficient appropriations to reimburse the Klamaths for the full costs of the termination program.

In this form the bill contained the recommendations submitted to us by the Department of the Interior. The House did not agree with our language and provided only a 2-year extension and reimbursement for one-half of the termination costs. Although we took the bill to conference, the House version prevailed.

This reprieve from certain destruction of a vital national asset, the Klamath Indian forest, has given us a brief opportunity to suggest a different approach to the present dilemma.

In May of 1957, I introduced again for myself and Senator Morse, S. 2047, a bill providing for Federal acquisition of the Klamath tribal forest lands and the several thousand acres of tribal marshland.

Under this proposal, the timberland would become national-forest land and the marsh a wildlife refuge.

During October 1957, this subcommittee held hearings in Klamath Falls and Portland, Oreg., on S. 2047. I think it is fair to say that S. 2047 received the united support of the Klamath Tribal Council, the Management Specialists, labor, education, and civic groups in Oregon, the governor of Oregon, the Special Oregon State Legislative Interim Committee on Indian Affairs, conservation and outdoor groups, the press—indeed, virtually all segments of Oregon life.

However, the Department of the Interior, the Department of Agriculture, and the Bureau of the Budget have submitted adverse reports on S. 2047, recommending that the legislation be not enacted. The communications to which I have just referred are dated January 13, 14, and 10, 1958, and, without objection, they will be included in the hearing record. (The communications referred to follow :)

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY,

Washington, D. C., January 13, 1958. Hon. JAMES E. MURRAY, Chairman, Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs,

United States Senate, Washington, D. C. DEAR SENATOR MURRAY: Your committee has requested a report on S. 2047, a bill to provide for the acquisition by the United States of all tribal lands of the Klamath Tribe of Indians.

We recommend that the bill be not enacted, but we recommend the enactment of a substitute bill entitled “To amend the act terminating Federal supervision

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