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mode of exhibiting the Edystone light, and the Montgomery militia, to Miss S. M. Ilbert' adopted the improved principle with Argand's daug beer of the late William 1. esq. of Bow. lamps and reflectors, producing a light of ringsleigh. great brilliancy, that will be visible to a At Exeter, Paul Charles Patrick, esq. to much greater distance than the former light Mrs. Wilson, both of Teignmouth. with candles.
At North Huish, Jalan Gillard, esq. to Mr. John Cotion Worthington has con- Miss C. Kingwill, daughter of Thomas K. municated an account of his practice in cuie esq. of Butterford. tivatiog sixteen acres of land, near Sidmouch, At Tiverton, Mr. John Wood, town clerk in Devon, entirely by the labour of asses. of Tiverton, to Mrs S. Owens. His wagsun was extremely light, calculated Died. At Dawlish, Sir Alexander Carupa co carry about a ton and a halt, and cost 161. bell, of Ardkinglass, bart. Six asses were harnessed two abreast in it; At Exmouth, Mary, wife of William Rob. the harness was a miniature of that of a horse, bins, esq late of Aherford, Yorkshire.'. except that the collar divided at top, like an At Cleyhidon, Captain William Black. ox's harness, and buckled together; the pair - more, of the East Devon regt. of local mili. of chains weighed about 6lb. at 25. per Ib. tia, to Miss Braddick, daughter of Mr. Wil.. or 8d. per foot; the wheel-harness with liam B. hames, pad, iron-work, bridle, breeching, At East Anstey Parsonage, Elizabeth, wie grupper, &c. cost about 11 105.; the leading dow of the Rex. I. Bond, late rector of East ditto u. 75.; expences of shoeing is. 6d. a Anstey and Kennerleigh. round. In all st ff work, four asses were used At Plymoutir, Lieut. Eastian, of the 19th at plough, harnessed two abreast, and driven foot. Miss A. M. Ramsey, second daughter in hand with reins by the ploughman. Ten of the late Mr. Aaron R. 91,--Mr. R. Wlar. or eleven acres of Mr. Worthington's land in ton, forty years warden of the dock yard, 71. aration, lay on the slope of a hill, so steep -Captain Bailey, aged 68, many years adju. thac horses had not been able to plough it up tant, and latterly payiuaster of the North and down, but which his ass-team readily Devon regiment of militia, Captain B. when performed. The asses, none of which exceed- only 17 years of age, had the honour of car.. ed eleven bands in height, cost 40s. or less, rying the colours of that distinguished regi. cach : in the same team, stallions, mares, and ment the 3sd, colonel Lord Cornwallis, ac geldings were used; the mares were found the celebrated battle of Minden, the 1st of the most gentle and tractable, the geldings August, 1739. most stubborn and inac
the most 52 At Heavitree, Mr. Thomas Adams, forgacious; the stallions somewhat vicious, but merly of Exeter, uruggist. of double the spirit, strength, and vigour of Al Alpbington, Miss Harriet Chown, 16. either of the others. The asses were not At the Warren, near Dawlish, Mr. John found liable to any maladies; were temperate Wolland, of He vitree. caters, and throve best when turned out into At Torpoint, Mr. Thomas Filkins, 65. a neighbouring common to cater for them At Topsham, Philip Weare Webber, esg. selves among trambler.
At Exeter, Mr. G N. Balle.--Mr. Beste An hospital for the indigent blind, under jamin Kemp.-Nr. Edward Edmonds.-Alrs. the title of Bethesda ; or, House of Mercy, is Morgan, wife of Mr. Samuel M.--Mrs. Bam. opened at Plymouth dock, for the humane ford, 74. purpose of rendering thac clas of people At Plympton, of a decline, Selina, fifth comfortable and happy.
daugiter of the late Lieutenant colonel Bird, In digging the common sewer at Exeter, 511 regt. of Goytree, in Monmouthshire. several pieces of brass Roman coin, of the She had only a tew.days completed ber 20th Emperor Nero, were lately found, and some year. In her were united the rost amiable, of them very legible and in good condition. affectionate disposition, with sweetness of
Those dug up lately near the Guildhall, manners, beauty of person, and every femi. were of the Emperor Trajan.
nie gracs. This is the fourth daughter, in DEVONSHIRE.
the bloom of youth, that has fallen a prey to Married.) At Weymouth, Kingsmill Evans, the fatal disease, in the short space of two esq. of the Hill, Herefordshire, tu Ann, eldest years and nine monchs. daaghter of Thomas Thoroton, esq. of Flint At Clist St. Georys, the Rev. Richard ham house, Nottinghamshire.
Rous, rector of that parish, vicar of Bick. At Sturminster, Ms. G. Allen, of London, leigh, near Plymouth, and one of his mato Miss Tulk, daughter of John T. esq. jesty's justices of the peace for the county.. * At Sherborne, Mr. John Burge.
Notice has been given of an intended appli. At Sturminster, Newton, Elizabeth, daught
Elizabeth, raugh. cation to parliament next session for an et ter of Mr. James Colbourne.
for making a turnpike road from Redruth, to At Bridport, John C, Lee, esq. of South communicate with that leading from Marawark, tu Miss Colfox, daugher of Thonias.
Thomas zion to Penzance. C.esq.
Married.] At St, lyes, Mr. Arthur Surri. Ac West Alyington, Captain Harrison, of man, to Miss Margaret Stephenson
At Padstow, Captain John Parnall, of the Married. At Carnarvon, Alt. Elias Wil. General Burgoyne, to Miss Elizabeth Boyd. liams, to Miss Davies, eldest daughter of Ms,
At Launceston, Mr. Simon Newcombe. John Dayies, ship broker, Liverpool.
Ac Truro, Mr. James Resuggan, senior At Llanfrothen, Merionethshire, Mr. serjeant at mace, 85.-Mr. Bartlett, serjeant Hugh Morris, cordwainer, Bangor, to Miss at mace.
At Holyhead, Mr. John Ellis, officer of The spirit of improvement adyances with
customs, to Miss Jane Lloyd - Mr. Hugh
Griffith, keeper at the South Stack, to rapid strides in South Wales. Notices have Miss Jane Price. been given of intended applications to Par. At Llandegfan, Lieut. Anthony Walker, liament for seven inclosure Bills, one har of the Royal Anglesea militia, to Miss M.A. bour, one canal, and one ra l-way Bill.
Lewis Roberts, of Beaumaris.
MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT. BRITISH TRADE AND MANUFACTURES.-A numerical evidence of the present state of
trade, may be deduced from the number of bankruptcies in the London Gazette, inserted in this Magazine.
They amounted this month, in 1810, to 273
in 1808, to 100
in 1807, to 97 Ditto
in 1806, to 65 Ditto
.. in 1805, to 87 Ditto
.. in 1801, to 60 Besides stoppages and compositions equal in number to half the traders in the kingdom! These failures throughout the kingdom, have wonderfully effected the manufacture of every description of goods, and a general want of confidence exists between the manufacturer and the export merchant. The speculators at Liverpool have completely overstocked the dil. ferent riarkets of South America, where, at present, English manufactured articles can be purchased at a loss of 20 per cent. to the exporter, with the exception of few articles, on which little or no credit could be obtained bere.
PORTUGAL.-A proclamation bas been published at Lisbon, informing those who wished to pue their valuables in a place of safety, that the ship Vasco da Gama, and the frigate Phænix, have been appointed for receiving money, plate, jewels, and other valuables; and that they may also deposit the same in any of the English ships of war stationed in the port. Wines in the country are uncommonly scarce and dear, and likely to continue so, as the last vintage has proved very unproductive, and the peasantry unable, from the state of the county at present, to attend to the vineyards, &c. &c.-A slight sliuck of an earthquake was eipe. rienced at Lisbon, on the 26th of October, but without doing any material damage.
FRANCE.-The most important article in these journals, is a Decree of Bonaparte, dated Fontainbleau, the 19th of last month, of a most peculiar character, in which the ordinary notions of discretion and policy are abandoned, for the sake of the gratification of the malig. nant passions. In this document it is declared, that English manufactures, found either in the public custom houses, or in private possession, shall be burnt. This law is not only extended to France, each department of which is separately named in it, but to every state and king. dom occupied by the French troops-Switzerland, Italy, Naples, and Spain, and to all the remote dependencies. The penal part enacts, that whocver shall be found in disobedience of this Decree, to introduce English manufactures, shall be branded in the hand, and shall be liable to imprisonment for a ferm not less than three and not more than ten years. Bonaparte has also ordered that so merchant in his empire shall be allowed to endorse any Bill of Exchange payable in England, or drawn upon any person in the British dominions.
At FRANKFORT, the utmost distress prevailed, in consequence of the decree having been enforced, that ordered the seizure of all goods, which the proprietors had not included - in their declarations, whereby they would have been only subjected to the payment of the extra duties. The place was crowded with French custom-house officers, and a general search had taken place, when there were found immense quantities of goods, which had not been enumerated in the declarations made to the government; the consequence of which was, that they were all seized, in order to be sold for French account. Yet, notwithstaoding all the severe decrees of Bonaparte, we import and consume their brandies, wines, and other French products, all of which are paid for by bills of exchange on London! This impart trade from France into this country requires parliamentary investigation, as it is most cer Lainly a lasing concern of great magnicude to the United Kingdom. Brandy sells here from 258. to 28s. per galion, and French wines from 901. to 1001. per hogsbead! Whereas the wine of Portugal, and brandy of Spain, would be a good substitute for them.
West INDIIS.No fleet has arrived since our last report, and produce of every kind is very dull in the market, for want of export to the continent of Europe. Coffee is a mere drug, and large quantities of the article are now lying in the West India Docks under bond. Segara very fiat, and in no demand. Rum sells from 45. 60. to 6s. 6d. per gallon. Cotton wool seils from 20d. to 220. per Ib.
SOUTH AMERICA.-The markets are over stocked with every description of British ma. Da factures, and the produce of these countries imported here, barely pays first cost.
NORTH AMERICA. -The trade continues the same as stated in our last report, with the exception, that the port of Liverpool is glutted with American produce of every description and the market is rather lower in prices than London.
Current Prices of Sbares in Docks, Navigable Canals, Bridges, Roads, Water Works, Insti. tutions, and Fire and Life Insurance Offices, at the Office of Messrs. Wolfe and Co. No.9. 'Change Alley, Cornbill, 220 November, 1810.--Grand Junction Canal, 2811. per share. Kennet and Avon ditto, 421. ditto. - Grand Surry ditto, 721. ditto.- London Dock Stock, 123.11. per cent.-West India 1651, ditto. East India ditto, 1311. dicto.-Commercial Road 1371. per cent.- East London Water Works, 1801. per share. West Middlesex ditto, 1151 ditto.-South London dito, 1271. ditto.York Buildings ditto, 351. per share premium. Kent dicto, 451. ditto.-Globe Insurance Office, 1211. per share.
The average prices of Navigable Canal Property, Dock Stock, Fire-office Shares, &c. in November, 1810, (to the 25th) at the Office of Mr. Scott, 28, New Bridge-street, London. -Staffordshire and Worcestershire, 7491. 195. dividing 401. nett per annum.-Swansea, 1671. ; the last dividend 81. per share.-Monmouthshirt, 1201 5s. to 1951. with 21. 103. half yearly dividend.-Grand Junction, 2931. to 0751. with 31. half yearly dividend.-Kennet and Avon, 411. 105. Wilts and Berks, 581.-Rochdale, 55l.-Ellesmere, 531.--Union, 961.-Lancaster, 261. t0,271. 10s.-Ashby-de. la Zouch, 241.-Basingstoke, 451. 35.-Worcester and Birminge ham Old Shares, 381.-Grand Surrey, 721. to 691. 155, West India Dock Stock, 1651.London Dock, 1231. 10s.-Commercial Dock, 721.-Globe Assurance, 1241. per share.. Albion Assurance, 601.-Imperial ditto, 761.London Instaution, 651.-Surrey Institution, 251. 2s.
MONTHLY BOTANICAL REPORT.
OUR two last Reports being entirely occupied by the new edition of the Hortus Kewensis,
and the preceding one in paying our arrears of notice due to the Botanist's Repository, we have fallen behind with the other periodical works, of the contents of which we may have been in the habit of making some mention.
We shall now resume our account of che Botanical Magazine, of which four numbers have been published, as yet unnoticed by us. We shall enumerate all the plants in Mr. Ker's* department in succession, without interrupting the series by those of Dr. Sims.
Aloe arborescens, the tree aloe; one of the most gigantic of the species, but which was considered by Linnæus as a variety of perfoliata.
Aloe aracbroides, var. reticulata. This is one of the most diminutive species, nearly allied to the Cushion Alue.
One can hardly conceive that these two plants can be properly united under one genus, difsering so much as they do in habit, in foliage, and in the form, as well as colour, of the flower. The genus ought, if not entirely separated, to be divided into sections,
Aloe lingua ; the tongue-Aloe. All these three afford examples of as many different seco tions, if not of distinct genera.
Alőe picta, This would fall under the same section as or borca; as the next, Aloe carinata, would unite with lingua.
Aloe depressa. This species was considered by Linnæus as a variety of per foliara, and would consequently be arranged under the first-mentioned section. To this plate an vutline of 2 diminished figure of the whole plant is added. This is a most useful addition ; without which the full-sized representation on so small a plate can hardly convey an intelligible idea of such very large plants. We can but wish that this method had been more generally adopted in cases where a small portion of a plant is insufficient to give a proper notion of the whole. We are happy to receive so many representations of succulent plants, which, hardly admitting of being preserved as dried specimens, are, on that account, more particularly desirable.
Hæmanthus pumiceus. in a former number, Mr. Ker had observed, that Hämanthus multificrus probably did not properly belong to this genus; but he here acknowledges that it bears a red berry, which corresponds with the rest of the genus, and, in consequence, desires his former observation to be annulled.
This botanist being every where quoted by his present name in the Hortus Kewensis, we shall in future follow this example, and drop that of Gawler, though the letter G, still continues to point out his articles
Medeola virginiana. The roots are said to be eaten by the Indians, and to have a taste like cucumber.
Anthericum alboides. Mr. Ker has elsewhere remarked, that this genus requires reforming and separacing. The one here figured, frutescens and longiscapum of Jacquin, are all three closely allied, are natives of the Cape of Good Hope, and have yellow flowers and succulent leaves.
Allium cernaum. There is a singularity in the form of the germen in this species, which we do not recollect to have seen describe in any other; it is triangular, and the angles are elongated at the top of the germen into a bifid process.
In a note added to this article, Mir. Ker remarks, that allium striatum is not a native of the Cape as he had before stated it to be on the authority of Jacquin, but of North America, and that Ornithogalum bivalve, of Lionzus, is the same plant.
Albuca vittata appears to be a species not before described.
Allium Aarum. Yellow flowers are uncommon in this genus; this and why are the only ones we recollect. Mr. Ker, in a former article, No. 1143, corrected a mistake that he had failen into at No. 979, in giving a wrong plant for Allium paniculatum. He now directs, that the observation there made, that the pedicles are intermixed with small round bulbs" should be expunged, as it belongs to oleraceum, between which and paniculatur, these bulbs are one of che chief distinctions.“
In the above enumeration, we have brought all the aloes together, though intermixed with the other plants in the publication.
I» Dr. Sims's department in the same four numbers, we find :
Phlox pilosa and amona, two nearly allied species; the former is supposed to be the aristata of Michaux, and the latter his pilosa. Both these plants were introduced by Mr. Fraser, ef Sloane-squase, who, it is here remarked, has made seved voyages to North America, for the leodable purpose of increasing cur knowledge in the vegetable productions of that part of the world.
Claytonia alsincides. This species, according to Dr. Sims, is distinct from sibirica, for wbica it has been generally taken. Introduced from Nooika Sound, by Ms. Archibald Menzies.
Goodia pubescens. A decandrous papilionaceous plant, from Van Diemen's land; which country being subject to a frost, it is probable, that its vegetables will be found suficiently hardy to endure our winters without shelter.
Lupinus Noaikarensis. Another discovery of Mr. A. Menzies, on the north-west coast of America, and already become very cominon in our gardens.
Othonna amplexicoulis. From the singularity of its foliage, this plant makes a very pictusesque drawing. It is a rare specics, and was communicated by Mr. Knight, nurseryman, King's road, Chelsea.
Billardiera mutabilis. An elegant little shrub from New South Wales.
Lonicera flava. Supposed to be a new species of woodbine, from North America, discovered by Mr. Fraser, of Sloupe-square.
Lobelia lutea; from the Cape of Good Hope. Dr. Sims queries whether this properly belongs to the genus lobelia; to us thereversion of the flower does not seem at all sufficient for a separa. pion; neither is this singular, we know at least of one other species in which the same takes place; and in this species, likewise, the tube is nearly, if not altogether, wanting. "
Mantisia sultataria. This is one of the most singular scitamineous plants we have seeni. It is at tbe saide time very beautiful. The airy-looking party-coloured corollas, have been fancifully compared to dancing girls. Dr. Sims thought it resembled the insect called mancis, whence his generic name. But adopting, at the same time, the former notion he has given it the specific name of saltatoria : and in English has called it opera girls. Though we were a firs' somewhat shocked at so whimsical and apparently unscientific a name, yet, upon forcher consideration we do not see much to object to in it. Hitherto no attempt has been made to reduce the English names, to a scientific forin, and whilst ladies'-tresses, friars'-cowi, Jupiters distaff, love-lies-bleeding, fresh-water-soldier, fair-maids of France, are to be found in the most scientific catalogue that this country has produced, we need not be aver fastidious. We might perhaps go farther, and maintain that as names taken from a fancied similarity when converted into Greek, rank with the best, why should they be despised when purely English? In our opinion ladies'-slipper is in no respect inferior to cypripedium; nor would orchestridia be betier than opera-girls, .
In Dr. Roxburgh's essay on the scitaminee, this plant is referred to the genus globba, with which it has certainly a near allioity, but, in our opinion, Dr. Sims's reasons for separating it are quite sufficient.
Cluytia alarerzoides. A plant of no great beauty, but no intelligible representation of it • was before extant. This name was originally clutia, and was given by Boerlaare, in honor
of a Dutch professor, Clayt; and very properly changed by Mr. Dryander to cluytia, which, while it agrees be ter with the batanist's name, prevenis its being confounded with cusia.
Lobelia gigantea. This has been supposed to be the supa of Feuillée, one of the most poison. ous plants upon record; smelling to the flowers proving according to th: holy father, violently eruetic; and rubbing the eyes with the fingers, accidencally smeascd with the juice, intallibly
destroying the eyes. Dr. Sims, indeed, found no inconvenience from dissecting, as well as smelling to the flowers of this plant; which, liowever, he has given a good reason for susposing is not the same species as the one described and figureel by Father Feuillée.
Stapelia geminata. This plant has been before figured by Masson, bat Mr. Edwards's drawn ings are so superior, that we cannot call them superfluous.
Potentilla clusiana. The perals are not so round in this as in Jacquin's figure, and are abcordate, in which respect Clusius's own figure corresponds.
Menyan hes sarmentosa. A water plant from New South Wales.
Panax quinquefolia. The celebrated Ginseng of the Chinese; so famed through China and Japin for its medical virtues, particularly as a restorative; and so totally neglected by the merical practitioners of Europe, though easily attainable from North America.
Panax pusilla. This is a much smaller species than the last, and has a round root, very • like a small potatoe.
Fumaria formosa. This is a third plant occuring in this report, and another still remains, which was introduced from the north-west coast of America, by Mr. Archibald Menzies, and a very valuable addition to our gardens it seems to be; being easily propagated, perfectly hardy, "aad very beautiful both in foliage and flower.
Claytonia perfoliata; likewise introduced by Mr. Menzies, and from the same country. I has not any of the beauty of the last to recommend it. But it is not a little singular, if M. Boopland has made no mistake, that this plant should be an inhabitant both of Nootba Sound, and of the tropical Island of Cuba.
We are obliged still to defer our account of English Botany to a future report.
METEOROLOGICAL REPORT. Observations on the State of the Weather, from the 24th of Ociober 1810, te tás 24th of November 1810, inclusive, Tour Miles N.N.W. of St. Paul's, Barometer.
Thermometer. Highest, 308. Oct. 26, “Wind N.w. Highest, 56o. Nov. 15. Wind W. Lowest, 28:17. Nov. 10,- E.
Lowest, 31o. Nov. 3. - -.W.
(This variation occurred (Tl.is great varia
between the 14th and Greatest) 95 hun. tion took place be- Greatest 2
15th of Nov. The variation indredths of tween the evening
variation in 5 15.
variation in ? 15." < greatest height on the 24 hours. (an iuch. of the 10th and 24 hours.
former day was 41, alth instant.
and on the latter it was as high as 56o.
The quantity of rain fallen during the present month, is equal to more than 9 inches in depth.
This unqueftionably has been the most rainy November that has been known in this country for many years. The rains, we are sorry to say, have been not only very general in alrpost all parts of the island, but, bave been attended with the most destructive consequences. The storms of wind accompanying many of the showers, have done great damage antong the shipping.
As might naturally be expected, the average height of the barometer has been much lower than usual; viz. less than 29.3 inches, and the temperature for the whole month is nearly 493.
Twice or thrice only, the thermometer has been as low as the freezing-point. The variations in the temperature have not been remarkable, the only material change is noticed above; but the variations of the mercury in the barometer, were, towards the middle of the month, very considerable; it rose and tell several times from tom of an inch in the course of 12 or 14 hours. The wind bias chiefly blown from the westerly points of the compass, and the number of days in which there has been rain is 24 out of thic 31 ; on many of the 41s and nights too, as will be in the recollection of every reader, it came down in large quantities There have been do fogs.
The average temperature, and quantity of rain fallen during the months of July, August, and Seprember, in the Isle of Wight, are as follow: Average Temperature.
Contity of Raine
September-0600...nii error...3 Highgate, Ned. 24, 1810.