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the caves in the West-Riding of York- Pursuing the course of the rivulet, we shire; Charles taking a place in my passed beneath a number of terrific precurricle, while our servants occupied the cipices, and crossing a tolerably pleasant, travelling seat, and crossing the country but very small, valley, we again prowithout accident or material occurrence ceeded by the water's edge to Yordas to Lancaster, we passed from thence to Cavc, an awful chasm, to which we Kirkby-Lonsdale, a pretty little town descended through a rudely-formed on the banks of the Loyne, situated in a archway, and were instantly struck with fertile pretty vale, diversified by many the loud resounding noise of a waterfall, Tural objects, and the beautiful windings whicn however was for some time longer of the river, over which there is a good invisible to our sight; when our guide, stone bridge at the end of the town. who had inade preparation for the expe

From Kirkby we proceeded about dition, struck a light, and sticking several seven miles to Ingletop, a large village, candles in a piece of wood affixed to the where we passed the night; and at an end of a poie, we journeyed on with cauEarly hour in the morning, having prn. tion, and entered a cavern of prodigious cured a guide to conduct us on the way, extent, so spacious indeed, that even the we set out on foot by the side of a brook number of lights he carried scarcely called Doe-Beck, when we shortly served to enable us to distinguish its reached the base of a tremendous preci. boundaries. Imagination cannot conpice, partly covered with wood, and in ceive a more awe-inspiring place than height nearly a hundred yards; while, on that in which we then found ourselves; the opposite side of the stream, another not the most distant aperture admitted a rocky emivence hemmed us completely ray of day-light; no sound, save that of in, and seemed so closely united with its the unseen cataract, broke in upon the neighbour, that there was scarcely room stillness of the scene; and that appeared for the rivulet to pass betwixt the boun. to gain strength as we the longer listened daries of the romantic dell; at the extre- to its roaring noise. A subterranean mity of which, a grudd cascade is formed stream, into which we were in no small by the waters of the brook already danger of being trequently precipitated named, which, rushing impetuously by the slipperiness of the ground through an aperture of the rock, falls amongst the loose stones at the bottom above thirty yards in height, in one une of the cave, Aoved just immediately broken sheet, from the summit of a beneath our pati; but having surmountrocky ledge of considerable width; when, ed some of our difficulies by climbing a dashing down the steep, it precipitates ledge of rock that impeded the way, itself into a dark deep pool, whence our eyes become accustonred to the it boils up with prodigious force, foam- darkness of the place, and we could look ing and dashing its spray around on fearlessly around upon a number of every side.

curious petrifactions, hanging from the This cataract is known by the name of roof and sides of the cave; while our Thornton-Force, and when viewed from guide informed us, one of an immense where we stood below, is one of the size was denominated the Bishop's finest scenes of the kind I have ever Throne; and several others on the opseen; the tops and sides of the crags posite side, he also said, bore strong being beautifully adorned by shrubs of resemblance to the leads of animals. various hues, shooting from crevice to This, however, we could neither of us crevice, and creeping, intermingled with perceive; and I am apt to think the a darkish-coloured moss, over the rocky resemblances are more in the imaginaprecipices, with alınost incredible luxu- tion of the visitor, than any real likeness riance and richness of colouring. they display to any thing in nature: just A wildness and solemnity pervade this as we fancy we perceive likenesses and scene, that is inexpressibly pleasing to a resemblances in the fire, upon a wintry ineditative mind; and I had a full oppor- night. tunity of indulging my reflections, as I From this prodigious recess we were sat upon a stone beside the roaring next conducted by a narrow pass, suffici. stream, while Be made a beautiful ently wide for only one person to stand sketch of the surrounding view,

in at a time, and which is ditficult, if not

dangerous also, as the moisture of the • Beck, in Westmoreland and the adjoin ground precludes the possibility of ma. ing counties, is the name for a small brook king a sure footing, and the streain being or șivulet.

just below this sort of patli, there is a

chance chance of tumbling into it. We were, we proceeded forwards with considerable however, fortunate in escaping every speed, notwithstanding the sultriness of accident of that unpleasant nature, and the air, wbich was really often overco. thought ourselves well rewarded for the ming; and when we least expected to tronble we had undergone by the sight arrive at the end of our journey, we of the cascade, whose noise bad echoed reached a field in which, overshaded by so tremendously through the cave. some low trees and shrubs, was a door,

Nothing can be more strikingly grand which, on teing thrown open for our and beautiful than the scene which bere reception, we beheld with astonishment presented itself, which, though the cața. indescribable, a sheet of water dashing ract is not so large as some I have seen, down a craggy steep, the height of at is astonishingly magnificent. Figure to least sixty feet, roaring and foaming as yourself a sheet of water tumbling over it fell into a frightful chasm, whence it a precipice of about five yards in height, in a moment disappeared beneath the into a sort of circular apartment, adorned earth, and for upwards of a mile was no by inoxmerable petrifactions, brilliantly more seen or beard my w so it agair alluminated by the lights carried by our becomes visible to human eyes, in a calin guide; and producing altogether an effect unruftled state. to which no language can do justice, and Descending a rocky steep, crawling po scenic representation ever equal. and clambering over rocks and broken Botha

B a nd myself were enchant- stones for the space of twenty yards, we ed with a scene so new to us : for though found ourselves beneath a rude-conwe had both at different periods visited structed arch; and passing onward, the Peak and Poole's Hole, this was so nearly the same distance further, we ditferent and superior in grandeur, that reached the margin of the pool, where we could not pass a thought on either, the force of the tumbling waters seems to but were lost in admiration of this sub- shake the rocks themselves, and a white lime and awful work of Nature.

foam rising high around, casts a contiTradition says, a giant of the name of nual spray over the objects upon either Yordas once inhabited this cave; and hand. As the precipices do not here there are several glooniy recesses shewn unite at top, the effect of the light ad. in the large cavity, which bear the ap- mitted through the aperture is astonistpellation of his bed-chamber, his oven, ingly beautiful. The walls are nearly and other necessary accommodations. perpendicular, a hundred feet in height, The walls are composed of a blackish and covered with a beautiful intermix sione, or marble, veined with red and ture of shrubs and coloured masses; wbite, nearly sixty yards in length, of a while the grandeur of the scene is greatly proportionate width, and in height about heightened by a large stone being susa Ofty yards.

pended over the aperture from whence On the mountain above there is a the water issues, where it must have quarry of marble, which receives a fine hung for ages; and, though placed in an polish; and many elegant ornaments have apparently insecure foundation, it will been manufactured at Keudai, from the in all probability remain for centuries to produce of that quarry.

come. There are several passages beHaving returned to behold the glorious neath, and near to, the cataract, which light of day, we seated ourselves upon a some persons have been hardy enough to rocky ledge not far from the entrance visit; but we did not venture to cxplore of the cave, and partook of some refresh- any of their gloomy recesses; we were ment we had the precaution to make our satisfied with a sight of the truly beautiservants bring with them, and which we ful scene before us, which we continued found both agreeable and necessary to long to admire and wonder at, and conrecroit our strength and spirits for the sidered infinitely more deserving of : remainder of our excursion over the visit than the Peak, or Poole's Hole, mountains, about three miles to Chapel those so-inuch-lalked-of wonders in the in the Dale; a long uninteresting valley, neighbourhood of Buxton. sprinkled with inean cottages and in. In the vale of Langdale, near Eltes different farm-hvuses, enclosures sure Water, there is a scene that hears a great rounded by bare stone walls, and scarce similarity to Weathercnte Care, easier a tree, or bush, to give beauty or an ap- of access, and scarcely less beautilul. pearance of animation to the sterile A s the day was far spent when ne scene, As we purposed completing our returned again to the open field, we samble by a visit to Weathercote-Cave, could not visit, nor were we, in truth, very

much inclined to visit, any others of the bled violeiice: it was with difficulty I celebrated caves and excavations in the could respire in an upright posture, and neighbourhood of those we had just seen. .to lie down 'would have suffocated me. Of these, there are several; but none In this dreadful delemma, I received your equal to those we had visited; we there- last Number; and, upon referring to Dr. fore hastened back to our foriner night's Reid's Report, I with emotions of delight quarters at Ingleton, where we procured read his corroboration of Verax's account a change of clothes, which the damps, and of the effects of stramonium. I immedia crawling amongst the rocks, rendered ately obtained a quantity froin London highly necessary; and, on the ensuing at an exorbitant price, and smoked it morn, pursued the way to Kendal, from as directed : in a few hours I was most whence it was our intention to proceed wonderfully relieved; and from the daily by a mountainous tract to Mardale, and use of it since, I at this moment enjoy a Haws-water, which we put in execution, degree of ease, which I have not known having hired a guide and horses for that for uearly nine years. I can lie down in purpose, and sent the carriage and ser security, and for the last ten nights have vants on to Penrith, to await our coming never once been under the necessity of thither. Of this alpine journey you rising in my bed: for the last eightees shall have an account in my next, and months I am certain this has not once meanwhile I reinain,

before occurred; and during the day, I Tue WANDERER. feel scarcely any vestiges of tlic disease,

To those (and they are many) who have To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. known my suferings for several years, SIR,

my recovery appears iniraculous; to mye I WISH, through the medium of your self, the merciful interposition of Provia I valuable nuiscellany, to communicate dence. For the good of the public I write to the public the good effects that have this candid statement of my case. resulted to me from the use of stramo.

GEORGE JAMES WILLIS, nium. I had been many years much, Hotwells, Bristol, Oct. 4, 1810. and most distressingly afficted with asthma, and had in vain consulted the For the Monthly Magazine. most eminent of the faculty in this city and neighbourhood, than which no place

ABSTRACT of a Journal kept in MART more abounds with physicians, and I be

LAND, in the Years 1803 and 1806. lieve none are to be found, even in the Jan. 19, To-day I attended the metropolis itself, more skilful. Their pre- 1806. T quarterly meeting of scripcions proved almost entirely nuga. the methodists at Rreister's Town; there tory, or at best afforded only temporary might be three hundred hearers. The relief; and I looked forward to nothing preachers ring continually the same better than the dragging on a miserable changes upon man's fall, grace, and existence, erbittered by one of the most faith: the same groaning and grunting cruel diseases to which human life is sub- as before. They concluded by giving ject, when I read with emotions com- notice, that there would be evening serbined of pleasure, hope, and doubt, vice. “ Let us, (said one of the preacha your correspondent Verax's letter, de- ers, Bloodgood,) have another stroke at scribing the beneficial effects of stra- the devil.” In truth, their devotion rea monium upon biniself, in the disease of sembles a brawl or a fight, more than spasınodic asthma, As I had never heard that of rational beings calmly and seof the plant before, I immediately hur- riously contemplating the tender mercics ried, with the book in my hand, to a and dispensations of the Father of the physician in whom I had much confi- universe, and intent on proving their dence; but he discouraged me from using faith in, and dependence upon him, by it, merely, I apprehend, from ignorance an edifying life and conversation. These of its qualities : howvever, I should not people seem to think they can take have been deterred from trying it, if I Heaven by storm, and keep the devil could have procured it, but I sought it away by a hell of their own. in vain in every chemist's shop in this 26.--Went to Baltimore, and accom. city; and an interval of comparative panied two gentlemen to the other side ease, induced me to defer sending for it of the eastern Water, off the puint, to 'In London, until I could meet with a near a spot called Canton, the seat of

piedical man acquainted with its quali- the late John O'Donnell, egg. It is an "ties. However, about a month ago, the excellent brickhouse, fronting the soutie ditarder returned upon me with redoye west of the bason, and commanding a

view

view of the hay. The late owner ac- requested permission to take five wives, quired an immense property in the East at the same time pointing out the aboveIndies, and by bringing over excellent inentioned lady as one. The president breeds of cattle from England, contri- with a smile intimated the impracticabuted to his usefulness and celebrity. bility of granting his request, and ob. But his public-spirited plans for sup- served, that in this country, it was no plying Baltimore, and the shipping, with easy thing to obtain one. water, by means of pipes, and bis other The public mind is much agitated reencouragements to the rising prosperity specting British spoliations on American of the city, together with his unbounded commerce. The late new ground adhospitality and charity, have endeared his vanced about the continuity of voyage memory to the public, to his friends, and from the colonies to the enemy's country, to the unfortunate.

and upon which British ships of war have In the afternoon, I went to the fort, begun to capture American vessels, has where there is a good tavern: it is a re- irritated the people beyond description, sort on Sundays for purposes of plea. An Englishman is in very low estimation sure. There were about fifty soldiers on in Baltimore, and still lower in Philadel. the evening parade. The fort was phia, with the majority of the people. erected about five years ago. It is oct. It is true, there are many candid and ope angular, the entrance facing the east-by- right men, who discriminate between north, three of its sides the east, south. the mad infatuation of the British ca. cast, and east-by-south, which command binet, and the peaceful wishes of the the entrance in the bason, the bay, and British people. Nothing can manifest Patapsico river. They mount 28 and the temper of the tiines more than the 18-pounders. Over the gateway in the circumstance of Mr. Wright, a senator entrance, and niched into the brick- from the eastern shore, having brought work, is a piece of beautiful sculpture in a bill for the purpose of encouraging in stone, representing the Eagle and sailors to resist British impressment, by Seventeen States. The sculptor was à bounties, and giving the president a Frenchman. Nearly opposite the en- power to retaliate upon any Englishman trance, and about two hundred yards in this country, to ihe extent of injury from it, is the old fort, which was made inflicted on any American sailor by the principally by the citizens.themselves, on king's ships. A memorial was read here the alarm of a French war.

the other night to be sent to Congress. The spirit of gambling is considerable It has since been published. One feature in Baltimore, and dissipation of all kinds of the British law is noticed, as extremely very prevalent. I accompanied a gen- inconsistent and absurd. To break the tleman to a raffle, at Bryden's tavern : continuity of a voyage from the enemy's it was for a time-piece of considerable colonies to the mother country, the provalue. After that was rafflcd for, the duce must not only be unshipped, and company began to play with dice, at a the duties paid, but it must be likewise game called snap and raffle. The next sold. Now it is very strange that the day, somebody informed against forty of merchant should have no right to re-ship them, and the fine was fifteen dollars a- his own property, because that would be head, half to the corporation and half to deemed a continuity of voyage; but he the informer; but it being optional in the may sell that right to another, by selling inayor to remit the one-hall, he did so, hiin his unshipped cargo. It seems to be merely, I fancy, because they were called a regulation originating in envious ma. gentlemen, and did not exactly come lignity at the American commerce, under the description of gainblers by fraught with incongruity, and pregnant profession.

with embarrassipent and oppression to Jan. 28.-At last I met with this the American merchant, without promorning: he had been at George Town. mising any adequate mercantile advanHe attended once the debates in Con- tages to Great Britain. It is true, she gress, but the place is so large, he could may capture a nuinber of ships, and has pot understand what was said. lle gave so done; but will it redound to her ho. me some account of a masquerade and nour, and correspond with her loud ball, at which were present all the diplo. professions of fair, open, and mauly matic characters. The Tripolitan am dealing, to have sent this new law of nabassador took a fancy to a young lady tions clandestinely to her commanders of tolerable en-bon-point. In the morn- of ships on the American station, without ing be waited upon the president, and previously acquainting the American mis

1.

nister in London with it; and by this be found among many of the whigs of means cousing thein to capture a nuin our time. ver of vessels who were ignorant of the “ It was constantly the unhappy fate new law, and who, it is presumable, of these wars, in former ages, (tur foreign would not have exposed themselves to interest and considerations) that, though capture upon such grourds, had tine they began with some victory, or action been given for the owners to be possessed glorious to the English, they ever ended of the intelligence. 'Is not this acting with loss and dishonour, the nature of upon an ex-post-fucto law, and of course things not allowing a war unequally unjust and cruel.

carried on, to be for any length of time The Marquis Grusa, the Spanish am- successful; and it will puzzle the most bassador, has just been ordered away zealous advocate for our late wars, to from Washington, in consequence of an find out any benefit that hath thence insolent letter to the secretary of state, accrued to this nation; whilst every body Madison, in which he comments very feels the insupportable load of debis ungraciously upon several parts of the and taxes, which have ruined most of the president's speech, relative to Spanish ancient families of our gentry, and sees atlairs. He even goes the length of de the general corruption, with an infinity aying some of his statements respecting of other evils, which they have occa. the seisure of the Keinpors, and the vex- sioned. When these will have an end, ations practised by the Spanish authori. late posterity may possibly be able to ties on the Mobile in the Mississippi tell!" territory. Supposing his reasonings and assertious are founded on facts, and

For the Monthly Magazine. bome out by documents, (which latter is not the case), still is it not in the province

MR. Wright's NEW Tueory of in. of the ambassador of a foreign power, to

FLEXION. presume to tell the president his duty.

(Continued from vol. 29, page 134.) That certainly behoves the people who N ATURE has given to every animal elected him: he complains that ihe pre- IV certain signs, or symbols of exsident has mentioned the spoliations pression, with which correspondent secommitted by Spanish armed ships, and cies are eminently conversant. Nor are ounits those committed by British armed these signs of einotion restricted to man vessels, when it is notorious that some alone, neither do they peculiarly attach thousands of American seamen are im. to any particular species; for in inany pressed fron on board American vessels. instances of the cries, or signs of lainenand made to Sght against the king, bis tation in the irrational creatures, we can diaster, on board of British ships. The distinctly observe their kindred emotion; marquis and the president have not been and each of his kind, as be may be more upon good terms for some time. The or less gifted with sensibility, propor. Court of Madrid bas been applied to for tionally discovers this leading feature of his reinoval, which it consented to; and expression. But these instinctive signs It has been understood that the marquis are not, hy any means, analogous to lanhad an intimation to that effect, so that guage. Not being comprised of articue he might leave the country without the lated voices, they are the less qualified to disgrace of a recal; but he is proud and communicate ideas, or intellectual inne obstinate. He is at present in Balti- provement; and, consequently, they can more. lle married a daughter of be only serviceable to make know their

kean, governor of Pennsylvania. Several necessities. Endowed with rea." Sept. 14, 1810.

J. W. son to contemplate the divine origin of (To be continued.)

his existence, how pre-eminent a station

then does nan bold among the various Po the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. ranks of created beings in this lower SIR,

world! Speech being the most distinI THINK you cannot do better than guishable attribute which exalts man 1 to fill up any vacant column with above the brute creation, to improve it the following extract from a too-much to the utmost of his ability, seems to be neglected bistorian; who, though he got an incumbent duty. abused by the whigs of his time, seems to recommending to the man of scido bave manifested more real sentiment ence, the scholar, and the gentleman, the of verty and true patriotism, than can study of the English language, it would Mostuly Mag. No. 206.

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