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manufactured goods, together with sugar and coffee, which latter shall have constituted one-third of her Ennage ; and provided also, that the two remaining chirds of the cargo in.

ported from France, shall consist of corn and flour The vessels must first take up their car· goes in this country. These conditions are by no means unreasonable ; yet stil we four chat

the French government will not countenance the trade upon such terns -Claret serches from 921. to 1051. per hodgshead. Coniac brandy, 11. 33. to 11. 4s 6d. per gallo!l. Capers, 101. to 141. 10s. per cwt.; and French plumbs, from 31. 12s. co 6l. 55. per cwt,

AFRICA.-The Lords Commissioners for Trade have been please 1 to acquaint t'e werchants trading to the Mediterranean, that the government of Algiers have cedet to his Ma. jesty, the extensive and fertile tract of territory on the African coast, betwixt and con. prehending the settlements of La Calaland Bona; whence che French African Company, in their trade from Marseilles, have, till lately, derived essential advantages, during a pe. riod of above 100 years.

Cartent Prices of Shares in Docks, Navigable Canals, Bridges, Roads, Water Works, Instia tutions, and Fire and Life Insurance Offices, at the Office of Messrs. Wolfe and Co. No.9.

Change Alley, Cornhill, 21st September, 1810 - Grand Junction Canal, 3001. per share. Grand Union ditto, 51. per share premium.-Leicester and Northamptonshire Onion dicto, 1121. per share.Kennet and Avon ditto, 4S1 10s. ditto.-- Wills and Berks, ditto, 581. ditto.Basingstoke ditto, 381. ditto.-Grand Western ditto, 41. per share premium. Grand Sarry ditto, 751. per share. --Than.es and Medway ditto, 521. per share premium.-Croydon ditto, 401. per share. -Huddersneld ditco, 391. ditto.- Rochdale ditto, 551. ditto.-Prak Fo. rest ditto, 801 ditto.Lancaster ditto, 281. ditto.Ellesmere ditto, 761, dicco - Worcester and Birmingham, 51. per share premium.- London Dock Stock, 1271. per cent.-West India ditto, 1661.dittu. - East India ditto, 1351. ditto --Commercial ditto, 901. per share premiun.

Strand Bridge, 51. 10s: per share discount.-Vauxhall Bridge, 61. vitto.-Commerciai koad, 1361. per cent. -Great Dover-street ditto, 91. per share premium-Highgate Arch way ditto, 91. 9s. ditto.-Croydon ditto, 301 per share. East London Water Works, 2131. per share. West Middlesex ditco, 1441 ditto. South London dicto, 1271 ditto -York Buildings ditto 471. per share premium.-Kent ditto, 521. 10s ditto. --Colchester dicto, 151. gitto - Grand Junction, 6l. per share premium.-London Institution, 701. per share. duction Matt ditto, 70 guineas per share premium. -Globe Insurance Office, 1261. per share. -Imperial ditio, 761. ditto. -Albion ditto, 601. ditto.-Hope ditto, 41. 55. ditto.- Eagle uitto, 41. Is. ditio. Atlas ditto, 41. 55. ditto. Rock dit:o, 22. per share, premium

The average prices of Navigable Canal Property, Dock Stock, Fire office Shares, &. in September, 1810, (tu the 25th) at the Office or Mr. Scott, 28, New Bride-street, London, Trent and Mersey or Grand Trunk Canal, dividing 401. per share clear per annum, 1075le

Staffordshire and Worcestershire, 749i. 195. dividing 401. nett per annum.-- wansea, 1601. to 1651.; the last dividend 81. por share.--Usion, 1101.Grand Union, 51. premium. -Thames and Medway, 52. 10s. premium.-Momvuclishire, 31 per share hal: yeariy, 1381, -Grand Junction, 2971. to 30:1.-Kennet and Avon, 441. 10s. 451. - Wilts and Beris, 581. 10 601.- Huddersfield, 391. 10s - Rochdare, 551. to 561 --Ellesmere, 751. Lancaster, 281,

West India Dock Stock, 1661.--East India Dock, 1311.-London Dock, 1251, co 1871.. Globe Assurance, 1261. per share.--Imperial Assurance, 701. --Atlas Assurance, par - East London Water Works, 2151.- West Middiesex, 140.-Kent Water-Works, 51l. premium.

MONTHLY BOTANICAL REPORT. VE have the satisfaction to announce to our readers the appearance of the first volume of

the new edition of the Hortus Kewensis, by William íownsend sicon, gardener to hig Majesty. The work is offered to the King in a dedication, the only passage in which inat we think it at all necessary to notice, is the following: “Anxious to emulate his father's industry, his son has never ceased to dedicate to the study of botas y the hours of leisure al. lowed to him by his horticultural doties; be alsa bas received tbe learned aid to which bis father was so deeply indebted." The words which we have printed in italics form the only notice contained of any assistance that the reputed author has received. In like manner, in the former edition, bis father in the dedication to the king, states that the composition of the books cost him a large portion of the leisure allowed by the dily duties of his stacion, during more than sixteen years : in all obat time it bas been thought worsby of lhe assistance of men more learned iban bimiself." This assistance so slightly mentioned, was in the former edition, generally understood to include the whole of the scientific part of the work; all the specific characters, the collating the synonyms, the observations, the English naives, the habitats, even the chronology or time of their introduction, being, we believe, justly attributed to the labours of the late Dr. Solander while he lived, and afterwards to those or Mr Dryanser. To this batter gentleman, whose superior talents are so well known to the botanical world, is to be

attributed

attributed, if we have not been misinformed, all the scientific part of the present enlarged edi. tion. We do not wish to say any thing in disparagement of the botanical knowledge of Mr. Aiton, we believe that he may have idade as great progress in the acquirement of the science as his horticultural duties (more extensive, we understand than those of his father,) allowed him to attain; but whilst it is so noterious that all the science of the work is due to the labours of another man, we cannot perceive the justice or policy of keeping his name out of the view of the public. Should it be argued that Mr. Dryander chose to decline having his name appear as the author of a wool, which however superior as the catalogue of a garden, may be supposed to be hardly adequate to his established reputation as a naturalist, yet one would fuppose, that some regret would have been expressed at not being permitted to mention the name of the botanist to whose abilities so much was due

Useful and scientific as this work inust appear, beyond any of the kind since the Hortus Cliffortianus of Linnæus, we do not doubt but that it would have been still much more perfect kad the name of the real author been seen in the title-page. A man is not likely to take the same pains when he writes for another as when he feels his own reputation involved in the success. Much will be slurred over that required laborious investigation to bring it to that state of perfection which would satisfy the learned author, if he considered his fame at all at stake.

The plan of the work has been to follow the systematic arrangement' as laid down in Wills denow's edition of the Species Plantarum, and in general no synonym is repeated that has been quoted by him, unless as authority for the time in which the plant had been coltivated, except in a few instances where Willdenow may have quoted any of our modera periodical publications, all of which are professedly referred to, both for the sake of the English reader, for whose use the catalogue has been principally compiled, and to show to those foTeigners into whose hands it may fall, that Englisbmen have not of late years been inattentive to the advancement of their favourire study."

The work is professedly a compilation, but a compilation made under the eye of a master with a head and hand capable of supplying the desiderata, and knowing where to make an election. Thus, where any capable botanist has studied any particular branch of the science, his arrangement and characters have been in general adopted, so at the very outset of the work, in the class monandria and order monogynia, which contain the natural order of the sitamineæ, the dissertation on this order by the learned Mr. Roscoc of Liverpool, published in the eighth volume of the Transactions of the Lipnäan Society, seems to be pretty generally followed.

We purpose, in a future Report, to give a further account of the novel matter contained ia this valuable volume.

NATURALIST'S MONTHLY REPORT,

• AUGUST.

Reaping Month.
Pour'd from the villages a numerous train
Now spreads o'er all the fields. In form'd array

The reapers move, nor shrink for heat or toil.
ON nearly every day from the 1st to the 16th of August, we have had rain; and from the

16th to the end of the month, the finest harvest weather imaginable. In the night of the ed, there were several heavy showers; and in the night of the 12th, a tremendous storm of wind and rain.

The prevailing quarters of the wind, have been north and west. It was in the south-west on the 3d, 40h, 6th, 7th, 10th, 11th, 220, 26th, and 29th. There were strong gales on the 4th, 8th, 11th, 12th, and 15th.

In the evening of the 24th, there was a heavy fog; and in that of the 29th, we had chupe der. Since the fine weather commenced, we have had lightning almost every night. During the latter fifteen days of the month, the weather has been very hot.

The Aights of cross-bills, which have visited England this summer, are very remarkable. Many of these birds have been shot, and several caught in this neighbourhood. The keeper of a public-house, who has some apple-trees in his garden, missed, one morning, a great part of bis fruit, and supposed that his garden had been robbed. He however soon found that a flock of cross-bills, which had their quarters in an adjacent plantation of fir trees, had been the depredators. By reans of limed sticks, he caught some of them, and has them now in cages, where they seem perfectly tame. These birds are chiefly inhabitants of the forests of the northern parts of Europe, and seldom visit our island. They are said to feed chiedy on the seeds of the fir tree, which they thus extract from the husk. They b:ing into contact the extremities of their crossed bcak, and then inserting it into the cavity where the seed is deposited, suddenly cross it again ; and in so doing, the seed is forced out,

August August 3. The small brown beetle denominated by Linnæus plinus pectinicorais, appears on old wood.

August 6. The meadow saffron (colcbicum autumnale,) soap-wort (saponaria officinalis, strawberry trefoil (trifolium fragiferum,) yellow medick (medicago falcata,) common St. John's wort (bypericum perforatum,) trailing St. John's wort (bypericum bumifusum,) and marsh St. John's wort (bypericum elodes,) are now in flower. August 16. The wheat harvest has commenced. Lapwings begin to congregate.

August 18. The young broods of wasps have come to life, and are flying about in immense dumbers. It is remarked by Mr. Mark wick, in his edition of the Rev. W. White's Natural History of Selborne, that, in the year 1775, these insects abounded so prodigiously, that is the month of August, no fewer than seven or eight nests were plowed up in one field.

The goat suckers have not yet left us.

August 20. The emperor-moth (bombyx pavonus of Haworth,) and the drinker moth (bombyx potatorius,) fly abroad. August 24. House flies are now abundant. The clouded-yellow butterflies (papilio edusa) are seen flying about the hedges and fields.

August 27. It was supposed that the bees would have been very unproductive this year; but the late fine weather, after the rain which preceded it, has tended greatly to recovee them.

August 30. The wheat harvest is nearly at an end, and the whole crop has been harvested in this part of the country, without a single wet day.

Hompsbire.

METEOROLOGICAL REPORT. Observations on the State of the Weather, from the 24th of August 1810, to the 24th of September 1810, inclusive, Four Miles N.N.W. of St. Paul's. Barometer.

Thermometer. Highest, 50.00. Sept. 7 and 15. Wind N,

Highest, 81°. Sept. 2d. Wind S.E.
Lowest, 29:50. Sept. 17.

N. W.
Lowest, 45°. -- 15. - N. W.

C On the 3d of Sept. Greatest 25 hun

This small vari.
Greatest2

che mercury was as variation in dredths

ation has occurred variation in 230. high as 73°, and on 24 hours.

several times in of an inch.

24 hours.

the next day it was the course of the

no higher than 500. month.

The quantity of rain fallen this month, is equal to about two inches in depth.

Never was there a more favourable season for the gathering and housing the corn: its late. ness has been amply repaid by its excellence. We remark, that there have been out of shirty-one days scarcely more than six or eight on which there has been sain ; and almost all the others may be denominated brilliant. The weather has not only been finer, but the temperature has been, on the average for the whole month, higher (viz. 63o nearly,) than it has been all the summer :

In June, the average heat was 610. 2
- July,

60 • 9
- Aug.

60 · 3 Sept.

62 · 8 The hottest day in the year was on Sunday the 2d of September, when the mercury stoor as high as 81°; besides this, it stood at 30° on the 1st; was one other day at 79o ; one at 780, four ac 77o ; and once at 76%. A few days have been cold ; and ance or twice there were severe storms: and in the night of the 31st ult, the thunder was louder than was ever remembered to have been heard. The wind has been chiefly N. N.W. On this hill there bave been twa thick fogs, brought by southerly winds.

Higbgate, Sept. 24, 1810.

ERRATA. In the first article of this Magazine, signed COMMON SENSE, page 202, col. 1, line 3, for " service," read “privilege;".

And in the note relative to a communication of the same correspondent, at page 199 of our last, trapspose the words (lon tbe country bankers, to meet the general run," into "s to meet the general run on the country bankers." Page 214, col. 1, for "Reddlestone,'* read “Keddlestone,"

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No. 205.7

NOVEMBER 1, 1810.

14 of Vol. 30.

As long as thore who write are ambitious of making converts, and of living their opinions 4 Maximun op

Infuence and Celebrity, the mort extenlively circulated Mifcellany will repay with the greatel Efed the * Coriohity of thore who read eitter for Amu fement or Inftru&tion.- JOHNSON.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

- regions, if it is to cortinue to be dependant For the Monthly Magazine. : on the caprice, partiality, and unequal 1The intelligente that a French fleet was bearing, of Bank discount. sailing victorious in the English Channel,

REPORT of the SECRETARY of the TREA

SURY, on the SC BJECT of AMERICAN could scarcely be considered more impor

MANUFACTURES, inade April 17, 1810, tant to the interesis of Great Britain, chan

in obedience to a Resolulion of the the facts contained in the following Report.

HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES, It appears, that while the lion and the

Domestic Munufactures.. bear are contending for the prize, the fox

THE following manufactures are caris carrying it off.. While Great Britain is 1 ried on to an extent, which may be contending against the chimera of French considered adequate to the consuinprion commerce and competition, and encum- of the United States; the foreign articles bering herself with a worthless paper cur annually imported, being less in value rency to support such a contest; while her than those of American mana facture be

merchants are solely occupied in discoun- . longing to the same general class, which • ting accommodation-bills at the Bank of are annually exported, viz. England; and while that bark itself is sup

Manufactures of wood, or of which

wood is the principal material.-- Leather porting ruinous monopolies and combina

and manufactures of leather.-Soap and tions in every branch of trade, by such

tallow candles.Spermaceti oil and candiscounts; America is rapidly undermining dles.-Flax-seed oil.-Refineii sugar, the foundations of our national wealch, Coarse earthen-ware.-Snuff, chocolate, and rivalling all our staple manufactures. bair-powder, and mustaril. The relative prospects of the two coun. The following branches are firmly es. tries, may be compared to those of two tablished, supplying, in several instances, rival traders in the same town, one of the greater, and in all a considerable part whom carries on his trade by means of of the consumption of the United States, accommodation-bills, and issues of promis. viz. téry notes; and the other pays for every Iron and manufactures of iron.-Ma. thing in cash,' and trades on his stock of nufactures of cotton, wool, and flax.cash, which is constantly increasing. The

Ilats.-Paper, printing types, printed event cannot be doubtsul, as we witness

1. as we witness books, playing cards. -Spirituous and

malt liquors.--Several manufactures of the parallel and its effects every seven

hemp.--Gun-powder; -Windoy glass. years, in every trading street in the em

-Jewelery and clocks, --Several manupire. There is, in this reasoning, no spe- factures of lead.Straw boonets and culation or dubious hypothesis ; and it bats. Wax candles. behoves our statesmen forthwith to re-tread Progress has also been made in the

their steps, to put an end to factitious cur following branches, viz: • Tency, to allow no Currency but specie, Paints and colours; several chemical

or no paper which is not the sign of it, and preparations, and medicinal drugs; salila convertible into it at pleasure; in short, manufactures of copper and brass; ja it behoves them to restrict and regulates panned and plated sare; calico pinting: the deleterious operations of the Bank of queen's and other earchen and glass England, which, by its discounts, fosters wares, doc. monopolies of every kind, and gives a face

Many articles, respecting which no

information has been received, are una titious value co ali the necessaries of life.

doubtedly omited; and the substance of The Bank of England, it is to be feared, is

the information obtained on the most becoming a sort of Pandora's box to this

important branches, is comprehevided

im empire, and our trade must depart to other under the following heads: MONTALT MAG. No. 205.

qQ

Wood

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