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and their frequency he estimates at twen- out to sea in a calm, rests at the sanie ty or thirty in a second; and be adds that height at which it would stand on the the resemblance of the muscular vitra- sbore; but when the ship falls by the tions to the sound of carriages at a dis. subsidence of the wave, the mercury is tance, arises not so inuch from the qua- seen apparently to rise in the tube that lity of the sound as from an agreeinent in contaios it, because a portion of its grafrequency with an average of the tremors vity is then employed in occasioning its usually produced by the number of scones descent along with the vessel; and acin the regular pavement of London pass. cordingly, if it were confined in a tube ed over by carriages moving quickly, closed at bottom, it would no longer press If the numher of vibrations he twenty, with its whole weight upon the lower end. tour in a second, and the breadth of each In the same manner, and for the same stone be six inches, the rate of the car. reason, the blood no longer presses down
riage would be about eight miles in an wards with its whole weight, and will be · hour, which agrees with the truth of the driven upwards by the elasticity which facts on which the estimate is founded, before was merely sufficient to support it.
The doctor was led to the investigation The sickness occasioned by swinging of the cause of sea-sickness from what he may be explained in the same way. It himself experienced in a voyage. He is in descending forwards that this sen. first observed a peculiarity in his mode of sation is perceived; for ihen the blood respiration, evidently connected with the has the greatest tendency to move from motion of the vessel: that his respira. the feet towards the head, since the line tions were not taken with the accus, joining them is in the direction of the tomed uniforinity, but were interrupted motion, but when the descent is back. by irregular pauses, with an appearance wards, the motion is transverse to the of watching for some favourable oppor- line of the body, it occasions little incontunity for inaking a succeeding effort; venience, because the tendency to propel and it seemed as if the act of inspiration the blood towards the head is inconsi. were in some manner to be guided by derable. Dr. Wollaston thinks that the the tendency of the vessel to pitch with contents of the intestines are also affecte an uneasy motion. This action, he ed by the sanie cause as the blood; and thought, affected the system by its influ. if these have any direct disposition to re.. ence on the motion of the blood, for, at gurgitate, this consequence will be in to the same instant that the chest is die degree counteracted by the process of lated for the reception of air, its vessels respiration. “ In thus referring," says become also more open to the reception our author, “ the sensations of sea-sickof the blood, so that the return of blood ness in so great a degree to the agency from the head is niøre free thap at any of inere mechanical pressure, I feel conother period of complete respiration. firmed by considering the consequence of But by the act of expelling air from the an opposite motion, which, by tou quick. Jungs, the ingress of the blood is so far ly withdrawing blood froin the head, oce obstructed, that when the surface of the casions a tendency to faint, or that ap. train is exposed by the trepan, a succes. proach to fainting which amounts to a sive turgescence and subsidence of the momentary giddiness with diminution of brain is seen in alternate motion with the muscular power. At a cime when I was different states of the chest. Hence, much fatigued by exercise, I had occa. perhaps, in severe head-aches a degree sion to run to some distance, and seat of temporary relief is obtained by occa- myself under a low wall for shelter froin siopal complete inspirations : in sea- a very heavy shower. In rising suddenly sickness also the act of inspiration will from this position, I was attacked with have some tendency to relieve, if regu- such a degree of giddiness, that inrolated so as to counteract any temporary luntarily dropped into my former pospressure of blood upon the brain. The ture, and was instantaneously relieved by
principal uneasiness is felt during the return of blood to the head, from every • subsidence of the vessel by the sinking of sensation of uneasiness. Since that tiae,
the wave ou which it rests. It is during the same affection has frequently occur. this subsidence that the blood has a ten- red to me in slighter degrees; And I have dency to press with unusual force upon observed ibat it has been under similar the brain. This fact is elucidated by circumstances of rising suddenly from an reasoning, and by what is known to occur inclined position, afier some degree of in tlie barometer, which, when carried previous fatigue, sinking down again into
mediately removes the giddiness; and foundation but in a distempered imagia then by rising a second time more gra- nation. The composed serenity of inind dually, the same sensation is avoided."' that succeeds to the previous alarm, is
In his observations on the salutary ef. described by sone persons wish a degrce fects of riding, &c. Dr. Wollaston ub- of satisfaction that evinces the decided serves, that although the term gestation influence of the remedy. Dr. Wollaston is employed by medical writers as a ge quotes a very striking lace in justification neral terin comprehending riding on of his theory; and adds, “ If vigour can borseback, or in a carriage, yet be sus. in any instance be directly given, a man pects that no explanation has yet been may certainly be said to receive it in the given of the peculiar advantages of exter. 110st direct mode, when the service of nal motion, nor does he think that the inpelling forward the circulation of his benefits to be derived from carriage-ex. blood is performed by external means, Ercise have been estimated so highly as The first mover of the systeris is thereby they ought. Under the term exercise, wound up, and the several subordinate active exercise has too frequently been operations of the machine must each be confounded with passive gestation, and perfornied with greater freedom, in confatiguing efforts have been substitutert sequence of this general supply of power." for ipotions that are agreeable, and even In many cases (he further vhserves), the invigorating, when duly adapred to the cure of a patient has been solely owing strength of the invalid, and the vature of to the external agitation of his body. bis judisposition. His explanation of the which must be allowed to have had the effects of external motion upon the circu. effect of relieving the heart and arteries lation of the blood is founded upon a froin a great part of their exertion in part of the structure observable in the propelling the blood, and may therefore venous system. The valves allow a have contributed to the cure hv that free passage to the blood, when pro. means only. Different deyrees of exere pelled forward by any mocion that as. cise must be adapted to the ditterent desists its progress; tut they oppose an grees of bodily strength; and in some immediate obstacle to such as have a cases, a gentle, long-continued, and percontrary tendency. The circulation is haps incessant, motion may be requisita; Consequently helped forward by every and, in these circumstances, sea voyages deyree of gentle agitation. The heart is bare sometimes been attended with r'esupported in any laborious effort; it is mutkatie advantage. assisted in the great work of restoring a . It will be recollected by our readers, system, which has recently struggled that a young man in the autuinni of tast with some violent attack; or it is allow year, went into a room in which were two ed as it were to rest from a labour to healthy raitle snakes, and that after which it is unequal, when the powers of teasing them some time, "ne of them, bit life are nearly exhausted by any lingering him, of which wound he fingerer from disorder. In the relief thus afforded to the 17th of October till November 4th, an organ so essential to life, all other when he died. Mr. EvERARD IIOME, who vital functions must necessarily partici, attended the man through his sufferings, pate, and the offices of secretion and as- has laid before the Royal Sociery a most similation will be promoted during such accurate and ininute statement of the coin parative repose from laboribus exer. symptoins that occurred, and of the tion. Even the powers of the mind are, in means made use of to avert the evil. many persons, navifestly affected hy these Alier this, he refers to several other cases kinds of motion. It is not only in cases sent from India to Dr. Patrick Russell, of absolute deficiency of power to carry and to an experiment which he made in on the customary circulation, that the the year 1782, while on the island of St. beneficial effects of gestation are felt, Lucia: from all which he infers, that the but equally so, when comparative inabi. effects of the bite of a shake vary accord. lity arises froin redundancy of matter to ing to the intensity of the poison. When be propelled. When, from fullness of it is very active, the local irritation is so blood the circulation is obstructed, the sudden and so vivleot, that death soon whole system labours under a feeling of takes place, but the only alteration of agitation, with that sensibility to sudilen structure of the body is in the parts close impressions which is usually termed ner to the bice, where the cellular membrane vousness. The aiud becomes incapable is completely destroyed, and the neigh, pf any deliberate consideration, and is buuring muscles very considerably inimpressed with horrors that have no fained. When the poison is less intense,
the the shock to the general system does not chance of beneficial effects being pro. prove fatal; it brings on delirium in a duced. The only rational local treatslight degiee, and great pain ; but if the ment to prevent the secondary inischief, poison produce a local injury of sufficient is making ligutures ubode the tumefred extent, the patient also dies, while all part, to compress the cellular membrune slightcr cases recover. The effect of the and set bounds to the swelling, which only poison on the constitution is so imnie, spreads in the loose purls under the skin; diate, and the irritability of the stomach and then scurifying freely the parts alis so great, that there is no opportunity ready swoln, that the effused serum may of exhibiting medicines till it has fairly escape, and the matter be discharged as taken place, and then there is Title soon as formed.
REVIEW OF NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS.
Three Airs for the Harp, with ad libitum Accom “Les Petits Riens ;” a Divertisement. Dedicated · paniments for the Piano forte, and German 10 Miss Heathcote, by J. B. Craner. 38.
Fluie. Composed and inscribed to Miss Rigby, Some pleasing and ingenious passages by J. Mazzingbi. 7s.6d. THESE airs are not only conceived
are scattered in this divertiseme t; but T with taste, but carry with them
we cannot, in candour, say that we are evident marks of those talents for which
particularl: struck with the tout ensemble, we have so long given Mr. Mazzinghi
It wants connection, and fails in vigour credit. The passages lie remarkably
and brilliancy. well for the hand: yet, though not doti- A Parody on the Christian Dorology, by Mr. cult of execution, are productive of a Pale, of Bury St. Elmond's; and set to Music strong and brilliant effect, and are at for three l'oices by George Gursi, Organist of
Wisbecb. 25. once calculated to cngage the attention of the auditor, and show the performer Mr. Guest has exbibited some fancy, to advantage. The piano-forte accom- and a' tolerable degree of science, in paniment is ingeniously constructed, and this parody. The melody is smooth and the bass and disposition of the whole, natural, and the combination is good, is judicious and masterly.
We are sorry we cannot be equally coni. A Sonata for the Piano-forte. Composed by plimentary to Mr. Pate on his Parody of T. H. Butler, 35.
The Christian Dorology. Mr., Butler in this sonata, (many pas. " Early Days bow fair and fleeting :') e favourite sages of which are ingenious and novel,) Song, sung by Mrs, Asbe ai ibe Hanoerhas with much happiness of effect intro- square Conceris. Composed by Sir J. A. Sic duced the favourite air of “ Mary, I be- venson, Mus. Doc. 180 Jiev'd thiee true." The introductory and The melody of this little ballad is simconcluding movements of the piece are ply elegant, and well expresses the seni. conceived with energy, and conducted iiment of the poetry. Originality of with taste, and the general result is idea is not, perhaps, one of its distin. worthy Mr. Butler's well-known talents guishing features; but the thorglits are as a piano-forte coniposer.
just, and arise so naturally out of cach 6. When Time who steals our Years away;" & other, as to produce an effect as striking
favourite Glee for three Voices.' Composed for as interesting.
The Opera Hat; a favourite Dance, composed This glee, the words of which are from
and arranged as a familiar Rondo for ibe Piano
forle, also adapted for ibe Flute or Flageolei, Little's Poems, is set a la ballata. The
by J. Parry, Editor of ibe Welsb Melodies. air is ardent and inellifluent, the points, wherever introduced, well sustained, and the general construction of the harmony
This dance, in the form Mr. Parry is good. We however cannot say that!
here presents it to the public, affords a we trace any of those striking and dis
pleasing exercise for juvenile practitinguished features common to the pro
tioners on the instrument for which it ductions of this ingenious master; nor
is intended, and exhibits to advantage is the combination unexceptionably the
the author's talent in the production of best that might have been adopted.
ucu, the PODIS,
Ditertimento for tbe Double Flageolet. Com- ciously chosen, and so happily connected, posed, arrangid, drill performed, with the greatest that something like a new effect is proupplause, by J. Purry. Dedicated to J. A. !rik, esq. 15.6d.
duced from the whole; and Mr. Bishop
has displayed a judgment that almost This dirertimento, in which Mr. Parry
compensates for the absence of origi. has introduced the air of Sul Margine
nality. d'un hio, with variations, is, in the grand points of consistency and connecțion,
The Coronach, or Funeral Song, “He's gone on
tbe Mountaina" Tbe Pvery som tbe Lady of highly creditable to his taste and judy
the Laie, written by W. Scoti, esq. Composed ment. The variations are ingeniously erpressly for Mrs. Asbe, and inscribed w Lady conceived, and the subject of the rondo Harrici Clive, by Dr. J. Clarke, v Canbridge. is simple and attractive.
Dr. Clarke has in this funeral Song “ Beware of ibe Cuckoo ;'a favourite comic Song, acquitted himself in a style no way dero· sung wub great applause by Mrs. Bland.
gatory from his well merited repute as a · Composed by Mr. Wir. Parke. 15.62.
vocal composer. » The melody is most This little ballad, the words of which affectingly appropriate, the expression are far from being destitute of humour, is just and forcible, and the bass is chosen, is pleasing in its melody. In the imi- and accompaniment arranged, with real tations of the cuckoo, Mr. Parke, after taste and mastery. what has already been done, bad no
The favourite Pas de Quatre, danced by Mr. choice but to imitate Arne, who had ?
d'Equille's Pupils in the Grand Ballet of the taken up the burthen before him, and Castilian Minstrel; diso in the favourire Spaleft no opportunity for a successor.
nisb Divertisemieni ał ibe English Opera. CrnTbeaucb admired Guaraca danced by Miss Smilb posed and arranged as a Runda for the Pianoin obe Grand Bailer of the Castilian Minstrel,
jorte, by H. R. Bisbop. s.61. arranged as a Rondo for the Piano-forte, by With the subject of this rondo the H.R Bisbop. 18.6d.
public are too well acquainted ti requre This rondo, taken in the aggregate, is our remarks on its merits. The diprese of a cast that cannot but please the sive matter is consonant to the thene. majority of bearers; the passages, though and connected with itself; and the geneperhaps for the 'most part not far re ral effect, if not striking, is above memoved from common-place, are so judi- diocrity.
MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF THE FINE ARTS. The Use of all New Prints, Communications of Articles of Intelligence, sc. ure
requested under Cover to the Cure of the Publisher.
The Battle of Maida. Engraved by Anthony scribed in this picture was one more Cardoti, from a Picture painted by P.7. De approaching to this latter mode thar Loutberbourg, esq. R.A.
any one viescribed in modern history; IN viewing pictures or prints of battles, and will ever be a distinguishing and I the mind of the connoisseur involun- honourable feature in the inilitary cha. tarily reverts to the incomparable en-racter of Great Britain. Mr. De Lune gravings from the battles of Alexander therboure bias rendered his name as dethe Great, by Le Brun. The mode of servedly celebrated for painting modera · modern warfare is not so favorable to combats as Le Brun those of the aupictorial representation, as that of the cients; and has even with inferior ma. ancients. With the ancients, war was terrats to the painter fAlexander's batiles, not so much of a science, so many nen set himself on a level in the cale of were seldom led out, and conducted as painting, with this celebrated nasier. great niachines among them, as with us. In this picture, the plain of Manta is We employ coluinns of men of various accurately painted ; and the whole of the sorts, and lead them by officers employ- combatting armies (if so small a quantity ing variety of mancuvres to obtain as the English bad could be called an certain positions prior to a trial of arms. army) displayed in a most interesting On the contrary, the ancient mode em- and important period of the ba'tle. The ploying lewer men, and depending more engraving could scarcely have been coile on personal prowess in those men, were fided to a better arust than Mr. Cardon, often a series of single combats by heroes who has executed his task with considera singling out each other, as so admirably able ability: the figures are drawn willa described by Homer, The combat dc- accuracy, and beautifully finished ; and
The the whole makes a splendid and shewy Mr. Aikin, of recommending it in a print. But tlie sky is two meagre and powerful manner from his pen. This uninteresting; in fact, there is too much work contains outline engravings of every of it; and the print would have been authoritative specimen of the order, all Lighly improved if a fifth part of the reduced from the best authorities to one height of the print had heen taken from scale, description of them, and critical the top.
Topinion on their comparative value. la The Architectural Antiquiries of Great Britain. Our opinion, the example froin the Agora,
By John Britton, F. $. A. Vol II. Part III. or portico of four columns at the entrance Publisbed by Taylor, Longman and Co. and ibe to the ancient market-place at Athens, Editor.
the standard of the order, from which The third Part of this work, devoted all that differ more or less, are inore or to the national architectural antiquities less beautiful. of our native country, is appropriated to An allowance must certainly be made the delineation of the Chapel Royal of for optical deception, if they are used on St. George, ac Windsor. When we re- a very large scale. flect on the manner in which English an- N. B. The volume of Essays, by members liquities have been presented to the pubo of this Society, in our next. lic (the graphic department is alone al
INTELLIGENCE. luded to) by Gruse and Gough, those As the name of every distinguished princes of antiquarianism, we certainly patron of the fine Arts is deserving of cannot too much wish that Mr. Britton record, it is with much pleasure we mene may persevere in his present excellent tion that Mr. Johnes, of Hafod, has, with style of representation. Although it has that penetration which distinguishes the gone on in so many Numbers, no direlec- true judge of merit in art, engaged Mr. tion has taken place of either quality or Slothard, the Royal Academician, to quantity; the same artists, or others of paint some splendid decorations at his equal merit, have been engaged by him seat, and whicii are already began. šo the execution of the plates, and the The arts have lost a munificent patron same fidelity distinguishes the draftsmen, by the death of sir Francis Baring, some Mr. Mackenzie particularly deserves particulars of whom will be found in praise for the judgment he has displayed another part of our Magazine, Sir in the selection of proper stations for his Francis was the purchaser, at a very views, and for the truth aod fidelity of liberal price, of the President West's the lineal and aërial perspective in his picture of “Christ teaching Humility," productions.
from the last year's exhibition. The interior of the Chapel is one of The gallery of the Britsh Institution those productions which, for correctness in Pall-Mall, is now open for the slla of detail and goodness of effect, would dents; and several noblemen and gen. have done bonour to a Clerisseau, or a tlemieu have generously lent pictures for Piravesi. Of the engravings it is suffi. their studies, which is highly praise-wor. cient to say, that they are equal in everythy, and deserving commendation as far respect to the best in any former Num- as it goes; but something farther is yet ber of this work.
demanded from this patriotic society. An Essay on tbe Doric Order of Architecture; The arts are tender plants, and, like the by Edmund Aikin, Architect Published by mimosa sensilida, sicken at the touch of Taylor, for ebe Architectural Society. coinmon-place restriction, or the chilling
This is an essay on the most ancient, air of rigid forinality. The restrictions most simple and sublime, of the orders of “ size of canvas," copying only parts of architecture, which has been too little of pictures (surely it is not feared an understood by the best of our architects. English artist can equal a foreign one!) From Inigo Jones to Sir William Cham- limited days and hours, have given a linge bers, nothing but the Roman corruption of dissatisfaction among some of the most and spoliation of this order (which was promising of the students. This is not too much sanctioned by the authorities intended as disrespectful to the gorer. of Vignola, Palladio, and Scauwzza, was nors of the institution, but as a hint of a known in England. Stuart (called the grievance ibey must feel a pleasure in Athenian) bas the honor of introducing it removing, when they are informed of it. to our ksiowledge; Mr. Smirke of ein. As a contrast, we will only mention the ploying it first in a grand style ; * and
. Louvre By chis term we do not mean to sanction may be seen in our review of Covent Garden meir use of this order in theatrical edifices, as Theatre, a short time after its completion.