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barbarous hands, had already been sub clove and nutmeg, and these, as well as mitted to the former government by M. the mace of Bencoolen, are found both Fea, commissioner of antiquities, and in appearance and quality to be at least taken into consideration. The rubbish equal to the produce of the Moluccas. has already begun to be cleared away, Two gentlemen lately attached to the and the stalls and small houses wbich in- embassy of the Hoii. Mr. Elphintercept the view of the edifice, will spee, stone to Peskour, were, at the date of dily be demolished. A beginning has late letters from India, preparing to era also been made to clear the three princi• bark on one of the streams of the Indus, val aparunents in the baths of Tirus, and to proceed down that river to its which have been most admired by mouth. They are probably the first Eua strangers, ind are sufficient to impart a ropeans, since the days of Nearchus, who correct idea of the celebrated grottos of bave navigated on the Altock. Ludio and Arellio, of which Raphael af One advantage, which could scarcely terwards produced highly clegant imita- have been foreseen, has arisen from the tions in the lodges of the Vatican. it late march of the British army to the bas farther been resolved to repair what banks of the Sutledge, pamely, the inremains of the temple of Antonions and troduction of vaccinatiou into the Punjab. Faustina ; of the theatre of Marcellus; of The Sings, the Sikhis, and the differenc ihe portico of Octavia; of the temples of people of that country, whose religious Concord and Jupiter Stator; and other prejudices are far less inveterate than in monuments of ancient grandeur.

other parts of Hindoostan, received the Canova is at present engaged upon vaccine inost gladly, gave every facility two colossal statues in bronze of Bona. to its propagation, and have taken such parte, one on foot, the other on horse- precautious as are likely to ensure the back. Richetti, a celebrated founder, continuance and extension of that mild has already finished the cast of the former, disease. From its favourable reception The latter will, it is said, surpass in size in the Punjab, we may expect soon to the largest known works of the kind, hear of its being introduced into Cashie whether ancient or modern.

inire, and the adjoining countries. EAST INDIES.

AMERICA, · Most of our readers are probably ap- About the middle of June, 1809, some prised tbat soine years since the nutmeg men digging for gold in the province of and clove-trees were brought from the Quito, in South America, came to an Molucca islands, and introduced into extremely hard substance about two feet several of the British settlements in the below the surface of the earth. Ou dige east; and, among others, Bencoolen. Ac- ging it up, it proved to be the shaft of a counts received during the last three or column exquisitely ornainented with four years froin Bencoolen, have fur- grape vine, &c. This induced them to nished, from time to time, the most satis- dig farther, and they met with a prodi. factory reports of the thriving state of the gious quantity of reinains of elegant coplantations established at that place, and lumns, beautiful arches, and every other they have now attained such maturity appendage to the most splendid edifices, and extent as to have become an object - These are to be found in a space of about of national inportance, and of enolument two miles in circnmference, and are in to individuals. The recent accounts sur. áppearance the remains of a large city; pass all former expectations. The trees but when, or by whom erected, is uncerare represented as loaded with fruit; and tain. The figures upon them appear, the younger plantations are in such prose from their shape, coutour, dress, and perity, that in the course of a few years, other circumstances, to be Mexican. It the produce of Sumatra will be compe- is also reported that some remains of ient to the supply of the European mar statues have been found, which would ket with cloves, nutinegs, and mace. bear a comparison with the most celeThus a valuable branch of trade, lung brated productions of Greece and Rome. monopolized by the Dutch, and consi- The black pepper plant thrives re. dered' aš necessarily dependent on the markably well in the Botanic Garden, Dossession of the Molucca Islands, bas in the Island of St. Vincent, and has been transferred from a foreign country, been producing fruit there for some time. and already opens to Great Britain a The doctor finds it a plant of inore easy new source of national and private cultivation than he imagined. Hé las wealth. The soil and climate of Suma- likewise cultivated a considerable, quantra are particularly favourable to the city of cloves,



the ras or prime-minister bad been sacThe latest intelligence received from cessful in several battles, both against the the east coast of Africa, by way of the Galla and his rivals. He had sent down Red Sea, states that Mr. SALT, the se- Pierce tu Ait with presents for Captain cretary and companion of Lord Valen. Rudland; and it was fully ascertained tia, in his voyages and travels in the that the cominunication thence to Anta, East, and who was soine time since sent kalon was easy. There is every reason by his Majesty with presents to the court to believe that Mr. Salt would visit Gon. of Abyssinia, reached Mocha in October dar, and be able to quit the country on last. He left that place early in the fol- bis return early in March. The French lowing month for Ait, in the Abyssinian had, as was expected, taken alarm at his district of Buré. Captain Rudland had proceedings, and had begun to intrigue been for some time resident at Mocha, at Mocha, at Jidda, and even in Abysá and had received several communications sinia. The ras had, however, professed from Nathaniel Pierce, whom Lord Va- his regard for the English, and declined lentia left in Abyssinia. It appears that all communication with them.


• As the List of New Publications, contained in the Monthly Magazine, is the ONLY COMPLETE LIST PUBLISHED, and consequently the only one that can be useful to the Public for Purposes of general Reference, it is requested that Authors and Publishers will continue to communicate Notices of their Works (Post paid,) und they will always be faithfully inserted, FREE of EXPENSE.

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HISTORY. AN Illustration of the Egyptian, Grecian, The Edinburgh Annual Register for 1808,

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X2. JOHN THOMAS GROVES's (WHITE. face or cover, there are two openings,

WALL), for an Improved Mode of Cor, one over each compartment, through structing Buildings, by which Erpense which are to be introduced, first, a level end Libour ure suded, and the Build. stratum or layer of sand, previously ing secured from the Dry Rot.

washed to separate any clay or other Tue reader muse be-referred to the soluble matter that may be mixed with

T specihcation for the mode adopted it; over the sand is to be placed a layer by the patentee, his description being a of grossly pounded charcoal, and over Diere explication of figures; but the whole this another layer of sand. Things beart appears to consist of making apere ing thus disposed, a water-tight vessel is tures in every part of the building, for to be inserted above the upper surface, the free circulation of the air. In four. and descending through it nearly to the teen fyures, we have plans for internal upper surface of the upper stratuin of and external walls, which exhibit not sand. This vessel is to hold the water only the thickness of the walls, but like to be filtered, and at the bottom of it wise the apertures for the air, and how sponge is to be placed in such a way as they are introduced between the floors. to be compressed by the water above,

How far Mr. Grove's plan and method The use of the sponge is to keep back may condace to the diminution of ex. the foul matter that may be in the water. pense and labour, we do not pretend to Without entering into all the minutiæ of determine, but leave the subject to prac. this machine, its operation may be rea: tical surveyors and architects: but we dily conceived. The water received into bave much doubt about its being a spe. the descending branch, passes through cific against the dry rot. The mere cir. The compressed sponge through a stratuin culation of air, we suspect,from numerous of sand, a stratuin of charcoal, and experiments, and well ascertained facts, through another of sand when it reaches is not in all cases sufficient to prevent the bottom of the compartment under the evil. This is a disease that requires the descending branch, whence it now! a specific remedy, either as a cure when through the opening at the bottom of the it begins to shrew itself, or as a prevere middle division into the other comppartcative in cases where the seed is disa ment, and then ascends through a strapersed; but at present, perhaps, in a tum of charcoal, and through another of dormant or latent state. In our last sand, and rises into the ascending branch volume, paye 636, we have given an ac- which serves as a reservoir for the filtered Count of Mr. Kandall's “ Philosophical water; from this it may be drawn off by Enquiry into the Cause, with Directions a cock, or otherwise, as may happen. for the Cure of the Dry Rot in Build The sponge must be occasionally taken ings." "To this little work, in connec- out to be cleaned, and the charcoal, tion with the invention before us, we after a certain time, must be replaced by refer the readers of the Monthly Maga- other that is more pure. The sand also zine.

must occasionally be replaced or well


STREET), for an Improved Machine MR. RICHARD WITTY'S (KINCSTON-UPON. for filtering and purifying Water. . HULL), for his Invention of certain

This machine may be made in various parts of Rotative Steam Engines. forms, but the patentee prefers a water The improvements set forth in this tight vessel, in the shape of a chest, specification, consist in making, arrangwhose breadth and depth are abouting, and combining, the reciprocating equal, with a length double of either. rectilinear motion with the rotative, in In this body, or lower part, and from one such a manner that steam cylinders, side to the other, there is to be a divi. with pistons moving in thein in a rectision going froni the upper face, or cover linear direction, do at the same time of the body, down to within about an turn round upon a horizontal axle or inch of the bottom, and joined to the top shaft, and partly form, or constitute, or Cover, and to the sides, in such a man. what is called the fly-wheel. By this ner that water cannot pass from one combination of the cylinders upon, or in compartment of the body into the other, a vertical wheel, is effected a complete but only through the space left at the rotative engine, with pistons moving in Wottom of the division. For the upper straight lines in their cylinders, (or cy

linders linders upon their pistons) without in- and much tighter, on a straight line in a terposing a beaín, crank, or other con- cylinder than in any other direction trivance, between the rectilinear and the whatever; consequently, lighter packing rotative, as in the engines now in use; makes them steam-tight. The operation and which engine, thus combined, per- of re-packing, or screwing it down, is forms the filling and discharging itself of certainly more easy to perforin ; and they steam in a superior manner, without the are less liable to get out of order than aid of valves, or cocks: of course the pistons on the rotative principle. These gear called hand-gear, is also rendered qualities of the cylinder have operated unnecessary. As, however, there are to render it the only fit apparatus for other rotative engines which move with pneumatic experiments. Whether for out beam, crank, &c. Mr. Witty thinks exhaustion or condensation, nothing but it necessary to state in what his inven. a cylinder with a piston mering in a tion differs from these. “ In the latter" direct line, has been foundt 19 answer for (referring to the engines of others) he so nice a purpose. To the double recisays, “a piston or pistons, have been procating beam or lever engine my inmade to revolve round a centre, or vention is some way analogous; inas. round a drum, with a variety of ingenious much as it possesses similarity in cylin. contrivances to keep the vacuum and ders, and pistons acted upon by steam the steam apart, by variously construct- pressing them upon a vacuum. But the ed valves, some sliding, others turning inanner of disposing, filling, and exhaustupon hinges; and in two or three cases ing those cylinders, and of applying the alternately, revolving pistons have been power in a circular direction, are the peused. I have mentioned these merely to culiar properties of my improvement, shew that my invention differs as widely From this combination, all of what may from them as from the engine which be called the moving effective apparatus, works with a beam and lever; for in my turns round upon one common centre, invention, I do not inake use of a piston and constitutes a Ay-wheel. Hence a which turns round upon the centre or great diminution of friction is the natural axis of its steain vessel, or cylinder, or inference ; and, I can safely assert, it in it, or concentric with it; but my pisagrees with my practice. By this metons move in straiglat lines, like the pis. thod of hanging the cylinder upon the flytons of the beam or leyer engine, and are wheel, my engine has at once the advan. at the same time carried with their cylin- tages of the rectilineal and the rotative, ders round upon, or in a vertical wheel, and approaches towards a minimum of which they partly constitute, and which the disadvantages of both. The extenoperates as a regulating or fly-wheel; the siveness of the application of steam as an pistons thereby acquire a coinpound mo- agent of power, renders it impossible to tion, participating of the rectilineal and prescribe the best manner in which all the rotative, which describe a curve, the variety of machinery should be convarying with the speed of the engine, nected with it. Where pumps are wante and the length of its stroke. The applied to be worked, I find it convenient to cation of the expansive force of steam, bang their rods upon the reciprocating and the power obtained by its condensa- rods of the engine. From the same pin tion, are not new; nor do I attempt to I also, where required, give notion to a innovate permanent principles, but hinge wheel twice the speed of the engine. my clain solely upon the peculiar man. But as speed and power can be regulated ner of making, arranging, and combining and adapted by various methods, the the parts, so as to form and make, and application may almost be deemed arbiwhich have formed and inade, a com. trary, and therefore unnecessarily obtru. plete, simple, and effective engine orded, or at least not indispensably the sube engines, by which the power obtained ject of much observation." from steam, both by expansion and con. densation, is communicated to machinery MR. WILLIAM DOCKSEY'S (BRISTOL), for at a comparatively small expense, and Improvements in the Process of Manuwith some advantage in the saving of fucturing Ivory Bluck, and for redu. fuel,"

cing other Articles to an impalpable. In Mr. Witty's observations on his Poader. own invention, compared with those of This invention consists in manufactu. others, he says, “I have found, and ring ivory-black, and all articles capable doubt not others have also proved, of an easy separation of their parts, by tijat pistons move with greater facility calcination, &c, such as potter's clays,

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