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No. 203.]

SEPTEMBER 1, 1810.

[2 of Vol. 30.

As long as thore who write are ambitious of making converts, and of giving their Opinions 2 Maximum of

IaQuence od Celebrity, the most extenhvely circulated Miscellany wili reply with the greater Elect the
Curioity of thure who read either for AiDu fement or loftru&ion.- JOHNSON,

i

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. For the Monthly Magazine, certainly not a general rule ; for of the REMARKS upon the TOWNLEY STATUES. bas-relief of the tomb, of Livilla Har. in the BRITISII MUSEUM. By the inomain Boissaro:

monja in Boissard, whoin the epitaph Red. THOMAS DUDLEY FOSBROOKE,

styles, incomparabilis pudicitiæ et mo. M.A. F.A.S.

destia singularis, the subject is a rape. . (Continued from page 525, vol. 29).

Besides, many figures are portraits of the

deceased. This funeral urn evidently (Second Room).

belonged to a person of rank or note. · No. 1. A COLOSSAL head of Alje No. 3. One of the feet, or supports, of

A nerda Sospita. It is re- an ancient Tripod table. The toes and stored below. The neck and face are nails are very fine. The learned will revery fine. Juno Sospita is usual, but collect the insane expense of the Romans Minerva Sospita does not occur, however it tables, (Plin. xiii. 15.) The term obvious the allusion, in any great author Tripod-table, is quite objectionable. It of Musea, or lists of the appellations of should be one of the feet of the stand of Minerva, as this writer can find. Add a Monopodium, or table of one prop, the 100, that Hygiea, Salus, and Minerva Me- three feet being conjunct. They were, dice, are represented sometimes alike; as appears by Horace, Martial, Juvenal, witness the iwo candelabra of the Bar Pling, and Seneca, the most expensive berini palace, &c. Minerva Aledica, tables, and used for meals. The monoSalutifera, Hygiea, is common in Winc. podia were first introduced by Cn. klemann, &c. &c. &c. The term Sospita Manlius, in his triumph on account of is limited to Juno, who, under the title, the conquest of Asia, (whence their had a famous temple at Danuvium; and origin). A. U. C. 567. Plin. 34, 3. if the term Minerva Sospita is vindicated No. 4. A Canephora. This statue is by any particular instance, (there are universally admired, and it seems that none upon the silver coins of Geta) it is the first sculptors worked upon Caneso obscure and local, as not to exculpate phora, (Plin. xxxvi. 5. Cic. in Verr. iv). the application to a general figure of yiz. Scopas and Polycletus. This cane. Minerva Salutaris, &c.

phora was one of the Caryatides which No. 2. funeral urn, ornumented supported a.temple of Bacchus. Montwith equestrian und pedestrian combu- faucon (i. p. 2. 6.2. c. 10), confines the tants. This custom of combats at fuq Canephore to the worship of Ceres, which berals, was, as far as concerns gladiators is wrong; but as the union of worsbip in at least, introduced to supersede the Ceres and Bacchus, especially in Sicily, barbarous practice of sacrificing prisoners is alluded to by Virgil and Cicero, and of war, at the pile of those who had died this was a coluinn of a temple of Bacchus, in battle. Our chief antiquaries note, it should rather be called a Canephora that the laws of Solon only allowed such of Cuies] one of the Caryatides which works to be bestowed upon sepulcioral supported the portico of a small temple monuments as one man could do in dedicated to the united worship of Ceres three days; and therefore there is a and] Bacchus. The frequency of this striking inferiority in execution to the united worship was quite common. See bas-reliefs on friezes and pediments, so Montfaucon. The diapery of this cafar at least as relates to Greek works nephora is quite different froin those in (D'Hancarville); combs and urns being the last author, 2. p. i. 6. 2, c. 10, and made by common sculptors. Governor i. p. i. 6.3. 4. 13. The ancients were Pownall (Provincia Romund, p. 69, 70) in the habits of plaiting their clothes, and says, that sarcophagi, &c. were sold then putting them in a press (Winckelma ready-made by statuaries; and the pat- Art. iv. 5), and though strait folde are tern fixed upon at option. But this was deeined a test of antiquity, I apprehend MostnLY Mag, No. 203,

that

that about the time of Hadrian, the on a gem in Stosch. They are formed by Egyptian imitations introduced, forin ex- two Ledas, embraced by two swans. ceptions to this rule.

No. 10. A fountain, &c. These were No. 5. A Candelabrum. It is not very fine and artificial. See Montfuucon, equal to the exquisite specimens in the Caylus, fc. Radcliffe library at Oxford.

No. 11. A colossal head of Hercules. No. 7. The triangulær base of a can- The prominent cheek-bone is conspicudelabrum, on the sides of which three ons. The heads and necks of Hercules Genii with wings, hold each a part of the are fashioned to assimilate a bull, the armour of Mars, viz. his helmet, his strongest animal in Europe. The young shield, and his sword. This is usual: in Hercules is a very different portrait, (see a gem of the Florentine Cabinet, (t. ži, Pierr. grad. Pal. Roy. i. pl. lxxx.) bus pl. 77, n. 4), we have the Genius of Ju- in the same collection, (i. pl. 82), is angpiter, with a long sceptre and an eagle, ther Hercules, which has so much of &c.

i the bull's head, as to be quite a caricaNo. 7. A vase, with Bacchanalian ture, has a very high double forehead, figures. The famous vase of S. Den- and would pass for a Silenus, or a Pan. nis, with the Bacchanalian mysteries, The young Hercules has not the ears will occur to mind.

flattened, as upon the most famous heads No. 8. A Venus, naked to the waist, of Hercules, because he was then one and covered with drapery from thence acquainted with the combats of the downwards. It should be styled, Venus Cestus. Hercules is one of what the issuing from the Buth, for so Lessing, who French call Têtes données, that is, all the has especially studied the subject of faces portraits, one after another, and „Venuses from the Giustiniani Gallery, i. therefore the ages should be distinguish44, 43, 40, and other sources, has de ed; for there is no resemblance other. termined these Venuses, half-draped, to wise between them. Heads occur of all be. Count Caylus, (Rec. iii. 328) ages, but they are known by the thickthinks, a similar Venus at Versailles ness of the neck, and the curls over the (engr. Thomassin, Fig. Vers. t. 3, and forehead, like those between the horns Versuilles immortaliseè i. p. 400), to be of a bull. A juvenile Hercules occurs in merely a pretty woman coming out of the Bronzi, Ercol. tav. 49, 50, taken for the bath. " Another similar Venus, but a Marcellus, and a virile Hercules, taken holding a child in her lap, is given in the for a Ptolemy Philadelphus, Ibid. tav. Mus. Florent. I. 32; but Lessing doubts 661, 62. llercules deified has no its antiquity: if ancient, it is justly called nerves nor muscles. The torso of the a Venus Genitrir, either so represented Belvidere Hercules, is the hero a God; in honour of accouchemens of the em. the Parnesian statue, is Hercules Hupresses, or in play with Love, or Cupid, man.* as we inelegantly call him, with all its No. 12. Another colossal head of Her train of coarse associations and termi cules. The thick bull's neck is here very pations, Cupido, Libido, &c. The waist conspicuous. of this Venus is too long; the outline, in No. 13. A fragment of a support of parts, soiff, After all, there is still a doubt a Tripod bason, composed of the head and about the propriety of the appellation of neck of a lion; on the forehead are the these half-draped Venuses; Sea-Venuses, horns of a goat. I do not know whether in La Chausse and Maffei, being half. this is a Capricorn; but it is known, druped.

that the lions of the ancients have someNo. 9. A vase, with double handles, thing ideal, which distinguishes them springing from szans. The beauty of from real lions; and from a horoscope in the handles of vases, is worth the notice Stosch, it is possible that this figure may of modern artists. They are often su. refer to a constellation. premely beautiful, and the llamilton Col No. 14. Capital of a votive Cippus, lection is composed of exquisite speci- _ mens. The necks of swans and geese Representations of various figures of were favourite subjects, as the Chenis. Hercules, occur upon the imperial coins, cus* shows; loy the way, copied into Those of Posthumus abound with them, and Norman ships (Bayeur Tupestry). The from Commodus to Galerius Maximian, they finest handles of a vase kuownl, are those are more frequent than at other periods. It

may be doubted, whether any thing complete The bird's neck at the sterus of ancient has been published upon the various Her. ships.

cule.es.

&c. No.

&c. No. 15. Support of a table, with a to the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Victory hollowed out belween the 00 SIR, lules.

DRESUMING that the publication of No. 16. A colossal kead of Minerva ; a P facts which evince the national specimen of very early Greek work, growth of the United States, will be inTas head is very fine. Artists should teresting to many of your readers, I inrecollect, that Minerva's portrait is one close you the Report of Gideon Granger, of the Têtes dornées. The finest por. post-master-general, which will display trait, supposed to be a copy of the Pale the increasing importance of the estalas of Phidias, is in the Pierres de l'Em blishment which he so ably conducts, pereur, pl. xviii. As to statues of Pale and which is so intimately connected las, Mr. Dallaway (Arts, 246) notes, with the prosperity of a country, and that she is distinguished by the straight the diffusion of information among its plait of the inner vest in the centre. citizens.

R. DIN MORE. T. D. FOSBROOKE. M'ushington, June 1, 1810. .

|Report of G. GRANGER, presented to the House of Representatives of the United

States, 29th of April, 1810, exhibiting a view of the Post-Office Establishment from the cominencement of the year 1789 to the ist of October, 1809.

Years.

No. uf Post

Offices,

Amount of Pustages

Dollars. Cts.

Incidentai Expenses.

Dollars. Cts.

2xrent in miles of Pust roads.

1789
75 37,934 92

1,861 19
1790

75
46,294 43

3,091 79
1791

89
67,443 86

5,281 18
1792

195
104,746 67
5,659 73

5,642
1793
209 128,947 19

9,812 48

11,984 1794

450
160,629 97
12,261 96

13, 207 1795

453
195,066 88
14,353 21

13,207 1796

468
213,998 50
13,622 68

16,180
1797
554 232,977 45

16,035 00

16,180 1798

639
264,846 17
14,605 22

16,180
1799
677 280,804 31

16,106 76

20,817 1800 903 320,442 40

23,362 81

22,309 1801 1,025 327,044 58

21,657 78

25,315 1802 1,114 551,822 66

24,084 08

25,315 1803 1,258 389, 449 64

24,231 29

29,556
1804
1,405 421,373 23

26,179 88

31,076
1805
1,558 446, 105 79

23,416 11

33,431 1806

1,710
478,762 71
32,692 64

33,755
1807
1,848 460,564 18

28,676 18

34,035 1808

1,944
1809 7. 2,012

375,837 46
18,665 35

34,035 to Oct. 1 $

15,305,093 00 | 2,866,764, 97 Remarks. The blanks are, in consequence of the imperfect state of the books arising from the infancy of the establishment. | The nett revenue of the post office establishment from its commencement, D.8765,5211 181cts.

A reduction of revenue took place, in consequence of the depression and suspension of commerce, and the expenses of this office for the year 1808 ; and the three first quarters of 1809, exceeded the amount of postage due to the United States; the sum of D.86,706 33cts. which was defrayed out of the funds arising from previous years.

The increased expenditure beyond the mileage, has arisen from the increased number and speed of the mails,

More than 100 Postoffices have been establisbed since October, 1809, and by a late laul of congress, the extent of post roads is increased more than 4000 miles; I doubt not, but by the 1st of next January, the number of post.offiecs in the United States, will amount to sear 2.500.

For

For the Monthly Magazine, be admitted that the hue and cry of pla. On the APPLICATION of the PRINCIPLES giarism has frequently been raised upon

of MUSICAL PROPORTION in the treat much slighter grounds of suspicion or MENT Of IMPEDIMENTS of SPEECH. provocation. The work, upon the whole, URING the ten years in which I (though I have controverted several pas.

have been professionally engaged sages in the margin of my copy) was ably in inculcating what appear to me to be executed; and I was not so pertinacious the correct principles of English Elocu- as to be angry that another had executed tion, and in exploding what I regard as a useful task, which it was probable I the mischievous errors of established should myself never have the opportunity theories relative to that art, I have been of performing. I could not, indeed, but so constantly solicitous for the diffusion accuse the writer, in my heart, of some of my science, and so little jealous of the little want of ingenuous liberality when I advantages or reputation that other profes. read the following paragraph, with which sors or other writers, inight derive from my he concludes his work: discoveries, that I have omitted no op “I may be permitted, in my turn, to portunities, which professional engage. express my surprise, that to this day," inents would permit, of putting the pub. (and he adds in a note, “25th Noveinber, lic in possession of the results of my en. 1802,') "the true nature of accent, exquiries and experiments. Time, indeed, plained nearly thirty years ago by Mr. lias not hitlerio been found for any sys- Steele, appears to have been misunder. tematic or methodical work, even upon stood or overlooked by all our writers, any single branch of this extensive subject; Mr. Walker biniself only excepted." and, in my recent “ Letter to Mr. Cline," With respect to Mr. Walker, perhaps, circumstances have been explained, the expression ought not to have been which throw additional obstructions in only, but not excepted: for surely in the the way of such an undertaking : but my full extent and precise limitation of sig. brief and occasional communications to nification, in which Mr. Odell as well as your respectable miscellany, and some myself uses the term accent, Mr. Walker other periodical publications, have been, cannot be said accurately to have under. I trust, sufficiently explicit on some of stood the true nature of that property of the most difhcuit parts of my systeni, to speech; on the contrary, he is perpetu. shew that I was superior to the little sel- ally using the term in that vague and infishness of mysterious quackery; and applicable way, which has been the when I propounded, as I did for several source of so large a portion of the con. years successively, in my public lectures, fusion in the modern systems of elocution. (first in all the principal towns of the That Mr. W. did not understand the North, and afterwards, through two system of Mr. Steele, he has himself acsuccessive seasons, at my institution in knowledged in the following note, p. 138, London,) the whole scheme and theory Key to the Clas. Pron, of Gr. and Lat. of my system, not only to subscribers but Prop. Names: to casual auditors, it was of course both “The attempt of this gentleman is not in my calculation and in my wish, that so much to illustrate the accent and quanmy principles should be adopted, and tity of the Greek language, as to prove acted upon by others.

the possibility of forming a notation of When, therefore, in the year 1806, speaking sounds for our own; and of reafter the promulgation of my lectures in ducing them to a musical scale, andiacLondon, Mr. Odell published his “ Essay companying them with instruments, The on the Elements, Accents, and Prosody attempt is undoubtedly laudable; but no of the English Language," (although I farther useful than to show the impossia could not but think that I discovered in bility of it, by the very method he has that book, not only the acknowledged as- taken to explain it. For it is wrapped sistance derived from the invaluable work up in such an inipenetrable cloud of music, of Joshua Steele, but many traits of as to be unintelligible to any but musistriking coincidence between the systems ciaus: and the distinctions of sound are of the essayist and of the lecturer, which so nice and numerous, as to discourage the mere perusal of that book could not the most persevering student from laaccount for,) I did not pertinaciously in, bouring to understand him." quire, whether this coincidence were I should be sorry to be suspected of more likely to have arisen from acciden. injustice to the memory of Mr, W. whose cal sympathy of judgment, or unacknow- merits in certain departments of elocu. Jedged imitation; though I believe it will tion, and whose diligence, general ao.

curacy curacy and nice precision, in all that mus, and prosody, and the super-addition relates to what, in the nomenclature of of those physiological discoveries, by essential contra-distinctions, I should call means of which, the admirable theory enunciation, cannot be too highly ap- and practical illustrations of the “Proso. plauded, and to whom I owe a personal dia Rationalis" may be rendered subobligation from his having, at the very servient to the great purposes of bene outset of my institution, recommended volence, in removing the most afflicting pupils to me, who had applied to him impediments of speech. If the author, for instruction. But, in justice to Mr, or rather compiler, of “A practical Gram. Steele, I must be permitted to say, that mar of English Pronunciation," had exe. without being a musician, I found the cuted his task with equal ability, it is Prosodia Rationalis," (though requiring, more than probable that I should have indeed, reiterated reading and profound suffered the flagrant and unacknowledged investigation) ultimately much inore in- liberties he has taken with my discove. telligible (because more correct in its ries, to pass by alike unnoticed. It is principles, and more accurate in its dis- true that, after having read through many criminations) than the “Elements of Elo successive pages of the inost barefaced cution."

plagiary, from my scattered essays, But why did Mr. Odell, who published sketclics, and outlines, and from my his " Essay" in 1806, after my lectures public lectures, it could not have been had acquired some notoriety even in possible that the following sentence should London, introduce the saving clause of not have excited some emotions of conthe“ 25th November, 1802," and nothing tempt and piry, for the head and the more! Would not that ingenuous libe- heart of the writer. “It has been conrality which should ever distinguish the ceived,” says Mr. Smart, “that a knowman of science (and such Mr. O. inost una ledge of these laws," (the metrical laws questionably is) from the designing em- of musical, or, as Mr. S. calls them, of piric, have suggested the propriety of measured proportion in the delivery of announcing, wiihout reserve, the de speech), “ an enforcing the necessity of monstrated existence of a parallel disco. an even and well ordered movement in Fery, rather than have satisfied itself with discourse, might be attended with the the silent evasion of a charge of imitation best effects"-(in the treatment of ima or plagiarism?

pediments.) “ This plan," proceeds But even for the latter purposė, if I bad ihis very ingenuous author," having been been disposed to captious controversy, found io answer, there will be given, in the cautious date of 1802, could not have the chapter on quantity, some few in. been sufficient; for my lectures began in structions on this head, particularly dithe principal towns of Yorkshire, in No- rected 10 persons who labour under the vember 1801, in which my theory ofar. impediment." cents and emphases, and indeed the ge- I shall not stoop at present to the crie neral outline of my whole system, were tical enquiry, what specific impediment promulgated. In March 1802, my sys. is to be considered as understood and tem was not suggested but confirmed, referred to by the specific article the, by my becoming acquainted with Mr. in this instructive paragraph. But by Steele's book; and ever since that time, whom does Mr. S. mean to insinuate, I have been labouring incessantly to that the idea in question has been conbring it into notice.

ceived and brought to the test of successI should not, however, have troubled ful experiment? Was it by the compiler you, Sir, or the world, with these circume of the Practical Grammar of English stances, if my attention had not been Pronunciation ? If not, why was not salled to the subject by a more recent the author of the discovery fairly and occurrence, in which the interests of candidly quoted? If Mr. $. can point science are more deeply concerned than out a single authority or suggestion on my personal feelings or reputation : for the subject, prior to the delivery of my the Essay of Mr. Odell being, upon the lectures, and meation an individual who whole, a valuable and useful work, I re- is known to have tried the experiment, joiced in its publication; and I am not prior to myself, he will conser an obliga at all apprehensive that it should not be tion upon me, which I shall thankfully ultimately known what share I have had acknowledge; because it will open ta in restoring the neglected science of Jo- me fresh sources of information, upon a shua Steele, the further development topic relative to which I find that there of the principles of English accent, rhyth- is yet much to learn.'. The only writers

I know

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