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as a private on the 2d of July, 1862. He was soon after appointed sergeant; was promoted to be second-lieutenant, October 6, 1864, and first-lieutenant on the 25th of November following.
With his regiment, he went into Kentucky during the invasion by BRAGG's army. When the Army of the Cumberland was reorganized, the 23d Michigan remained in Kentucky, and subsequently was assigned to the 23d Corps. With his regiment he went through all the campaigns in which the corps participated, and was actively engaged in every action from Paris, Kentucky, to Goldsboro, North Carolinataking part in the Atlanta and Nashville campaigns, in both of which he was distinguished for his gallantry.
At the close of his service he was mustered out, September 13, 1865, and returned to his home in Michigan. His father, dying, left him a large stock farm, where he spent most of his time, having also a home in Detroit. He had a large circle of friends throughout the state, by whom he was held in high esteem. Some years ago was appointed by GOVERNOR ALGER one of the managers of the Soldiers' Home, a position for which he was well qualified, and in which he served with credit.
Though somewhat of an invalid for some months, death came at last painlessly and suddenly. He leaves a widow and three children.
Besides his membership of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, he was a Companion of the Loyal Legion and a Comrade of the Grand Army of the Republic.
ORDERS AND SPECIFICATIONS
Badge of the Army of the Cumberland
ADOPTED BY THE SOCIETY.
HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND,
NASHVILLE, TENN., June 1865. GENERAL ORDERS,
At a meeting of the officers and enlisted men of the Army of the Cumberland, serving in this vicinity, held at the Headquarters of the Artillery Command of the Fourth Army Corps, on Saturday, June 10th inst, for the purpose of considering the propriety of adopting a badge to signalize and perpetuate the history of the Army of the Cumberland, it was unanimously agreed to adopt such a badge, and the following officers were appointed a committee to report a design for the same:
BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL J. L. DONALDSON, Chief Quarter
master, Department of the Cumberland; BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL E. OPDYCKE, Commanding Brigade,
Fourth Corps; BREVET COLONEL W. H. GREENWOOD, Assistant Inspector-Gen
eral, Fourth Corps; LIEUTENANT-COLONEL W. L. FOULKE, Forty-Sixth Pennsylvania
Volunteer Infantry; CAPTAIN R. H. LITson, Twenty-second Indiana Volunteer In
On motion, the following preamble and resolutions were then adopted :
WHEREAS, Many of the soldiers of the Army of the Cumberland are about to abandon the profession of arms, and again mingle in the peaceful pursuits of home
Resolved, That, in parting with each other, we do so with mingled feelings of sorrow, sadness, and pride; sorrow, because friends, bound together by ties formed on many battle fields, must part; sadness, at turning our backs upon the thousands of fresh-made graves of our brave comrades; and pride, because it has been our good fortune to be numbered among the members of the Army of the Cumberland, and have each done his part in proving to the world that republics have the ability to maintain and perpetuate themselves.
Resolved, That, in parting, we do, as we have many times done in the face of the enemy, renew our pledges of unending fidelity to each other; and that, in whatever position in life we may happen to be, we will never permit our affections to be estranged from those who continue to fight our battles, but that we will sustain and defend them at all times and in all proper places.
Resolved, That the following named persons, and none others, are authorized to wear the badge of the Army of the Cumberland :
I. All soldiers of that army now in service and in good standing.
II. All soldiers who formerly belonged to that army, and have received honorable discharges from the same.
Resolved, That any soldier of the Army of the Cumberland who is now entitled to wear the badge of the army, who-may hereafter be dishonorably dismissed the service, shall by such discharge forfeit the right to wear such badge.
Resolved, that we exhort all members of the Army of the Cumber
land to discountenance any attempt on the part of any unauthorized persons to arrogate to themselves honor to which they are not entitled, by wearing our badge.
The Badge Committee then invited all to send in designs, and announced that the Committee would be open to receive until 3 A. M., Wednesday, June 14th.
The badge described in the accompanying specifications having, since that date, been selected by the Committee, the same is adopted and is hereby announced as the badge of the Army of the Cumberland.
BY COMMAND OF MAJOR-GENERAL THOMAS.
WILLIAM D. WHIPPLE, Brigadier-General and Assistant Adjutant-General.