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GENERAL NELSON. His first encounter with the enemy was on the 7th of November at Ivy Mountain, where, under GENERAL Nelson's direction, but "anticipating orders, he led his men up the northern ridge of the mountain and deployed them along the face of it, and along the crest, and went at them. Owing to the steepness of the mountain, all this required time; but in an hour and twenty minutes the rebels fled, leaving a number of killed and wounded and prisoners.”
In the advance upon Nashville, COLONEL HARRIS was in MITCHEL's division, and he marched with that general to Huntsville, where his regiment was assigned to Sill's brigade and placed on duty as provostguard. In the expedition against STEVENSON he took an active share, and saved the bridge at Bridgeport by a gallant dash.
When, in consequence of Bragg's movement into Kentucky, it became necessary to abandon that region, COLONEL Harris was placed in command of the fort at Bridgeport, and was the last to leave, after having withstood a severe assault, saving all that could be brought away and burning the rest. His position here at the extreme front was plainly recognized by GENERAL BUELL as one of great delicacy and hazard. In the order sent him that general says: “Great reliance is placed on your courage and judgment in holding your post as long as your force is capable of doing it, and then in making good your retreat." The result showed that the reliance was not misplaced.
With the main army of GENERAL BUELL, he marched into Kentucky, and at the battle of Perryville commanded a brigade in the division of GENERAL ROUSSEAU. His conduct in the battle was marked by extreme gallantry and good conduct. The loss in his brigade was over twenty-six per cent of the number engaged, with scarcely any reported missing. Compelled at one part of the engagement to retire for lack of ammunition, after exhausting all that could be found among the dead and wounded, the brigade came again into action as soon as resupplied, and held its own till night. Colonel Harris's conduct is mentioned in all the reports with great praise, and he was recommended for promotion by GENERAL BUELL, who urged that he had “ earned it by qualifications and services.”
But the excessive labors and experiences through which he had passed so seriously impaired his heaith that he found himself no longer fitted for service in the field. During a leave of absence, he was thrown from a carriage, and his hip-bone broken. Unable to re-enter upon active service, and unwilling to stand in the way of others, he resigned on the 4th of December, 1862, after nearly two years of most faithful duty most efficiently performed.
His fellow-citizens of Cincinnati, recognizing his great merits, in April, 1863, elected him mayor of that city. His conduct in that office was marked by the same vigor and efficiency as had distinguished him on the field. So highly were his services appreciated, that he was presented a house, in which he lived to the day of his death. While he was mayor, he drafted the law under which the “hundred day men,” who guarded the lines of communication during the critical summer of 1864, were called out, and himself was commissioned colonel of the 137th Ohio, which served at Fort McHenry and elsewhere in Maryland. In 1865, he was re-elected mayor, by an immense majority. In 1866, he was appointed collector of internal revenue by PRESIDENT JOHNson, and thenceforth allied himself with the party tbus represented. He held the office for four years, fulfilling his duties with industry, and retiring with unimpaired integrity. In 1879, he was a candidate for mayor, but was defeated. This was his last political experience.
Some years ago, he was elected by Congress as one of the managers of the Soldiers' Homes, and was vice-president of the board at the tinie of his death. In this, as in all other positions, he acted with fidelity to the great interests imposed upon him. The labors which it brought him became, at last, as he said, his practical life-work. “For awhile,” he declared, not many days before bis death, “ the numerous demands of the veterans on my time were so irksome that I thought of resigning; but the more I reflected upon it the more I conceived it to be my duty to look after their interests, and now that duty has become one of my greatest delights.”
COLONEL HARRIS was one of the founders of the Cuvier Club, acknowledged to be one of the best of its kind in the world. He was for some years a trustee of the Cincinnati Hospital, and was largely instrumental in the erection of its present building. Whatever work he undertook he executed with entire devotion. He was an early member of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, as well as a companion of the Loyal Legion.
His character and achievements have been well summed up in the tribute paid him by a friend the day after his death : “ Taken altogether, his life was of remarkable usefulness to his fellow-beings. Few men have been so favored by opportunity or so well able to seize opportunities offered. With all his distinguished services in war and peace, he was a modest and unassuming man, little given to reverting to his own deeds, but rather preferring to look forward into the future and see what might yet be accomplished.”
COLONEL JOHN A. BRIDGLAND.
BridGLAND. - Died, at Fairland, Shelby county, Indiana, July 29, 1890, JOHN ALEXANDER BRIDGLAND, late Colonel of the 2d Indiana Cavalry, aged 63 years, 7 months, 26 days.
John ALEXANDER BRIDGLAND was born at Lynchburg, Virginia, December 3, 1826. He was the only son of ALEXANDER and HARRIET (ThomsoN] BRIDGLAND. His father owned a large estate, and lived in handsome style; but, at his death, which occurred when JOHy was only twelve years old, it was found that all his property was involved in obligations incurred as surety for others. Thus his widow and children were left without means of support.
Thus deprived of the opportunity of receiving a liberal education, to which he had looked forward, and the lack of which was always a source of regret, the young boy found himself obliged to earn a livelihood for his mother and sisters, as well as for himself. He accepted the task with courage and devotion. When about twenty years of age, the Mexican war broke out, and he started out for Vera Cruz in charge of some borses for a troop commanded by a relative. He was shipwrecked, barely escaping with his life; but he succeeded in reaching the City of Mexico in time to witness the triumphal entry of our army under GENERAL SCOTT.
On his way home, he passed through a critical illness of yellow fever at New Orleans, and, on reaching Cincinnati, found employment in the wholesale tobacco business. He soon after removed to Richmond, Indiana, where he continued the same business, which, under his hands, grew to large proportion, and by which, in a few years, he acquired a handsome fortune. He always took an ardent interest in political affairs-first as a whig, then in the momentary Know-nothing party, and finally as a Republican, and an active supporter of ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
At the outbreak of the war, he allied himself with GOVERNOR Morton in all his measures to sustain the national government, giving of his time, his means, and his personal influence to the cause. He early interested himself in obtaining recruits, and as soon as he could arrange his business affairs, offered his own services, and was commissioned colonel of the 2d Indiana Cavalry. He was mustered into service, September 3, 1861, and the regiment was sent into Kentucky and assigned to Camp Wickliffe, under the command of GENERAL Nelson, in December following. It took part in the advance of the army to Nashville in February, 1862, and marched with it to the field of Shiloh, though arriving too late to take an active part in that great battle.
During this time, the health of Colonel BRIDGLAND gave way, and he was reluctantly compelled to leave the army, resigning on the 22d of May, 1862. The regiment which he had organized and had commanded continued to the end of the war one of the best in the army.
But though unable to continue in the field, COLONEL BRIDGLAND was as active and devoted in private life as before to the welfare of the republic. In 1873, he was appointed Consul of the United States at Havre, where he remained for a number of years, fulfilling his duties in an efficient and able manner. On leaving that post he again made his home in Richmond.
He was married, in 1848, to Miss CAROLINE GILBERT, who died in 1880, leaving one daughter, now living in Seville, Spain.
COLONEL JACOB M. THORNBURGH.
THORNBURGH.—Died, at Knoxville, Tennessee, September 19, 1890, Jacob MONTGOMERY THOBYBURGH, late Colonel 4th Tennessee Cavalry, U. S. Volunteers, aged 53 years, 2 months, 16 days.
JACOB MONTGOMERY THORNBURGH was born at Newmarket, Jefferson county, Tennessee, July 3, 1837. His father, MONTGOMERY THORNBURGH, was a prominent lawyer in that region, and had served for several years in the state senate, and as attorney-general of his circuit. His prominence and influence, in the early days of the war, were so great that he was arrested by the Confederate authori. ties in military occupancy of the country and sent south, where he died, a prisoner, without again seeing his family. Jacob, the oldest son, crossed the mountains, alone and on foot, to enlist in the Union army. For days and nights he lay concealed by a log, watching his opportunity to slip past the Confederate outposts.
His younger brother, MAJOR T. T. THORNBURGH, who was afterward killed in battle with the U'te Indians, about the same time attempted to gain the Union lines with a large party. They were attacked by Confederate cavalry and most of them captured. Young THORNBURGH escaped and entered the Union army.
With both her sons absent, fighting for their country, and her