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TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Introductory-Birth of Mr. Cass-His Ancestors-His Father in the Wars-His Pa-
rents Emigrate to Ohio—Mr. Cass's Education—Exeter Academy-A Test of
his Disposition—The Everetts and Daniel Webster--His Health and Amuse-
ments—Dependent upon his own Resources—Gues South-- His Residence in
Delaware-School Teaching-Success—Views of Slavery-Crossing the Alle-
ghanies–Stops at Marietta-Acquaintance with Judge Meigs—Reads Law—Mr.
Baccus-admission to the Bar-Professional Life-His Marriage-Blenderhas-
sett-Aaron Burr-Elected Member of Legislature—Burr's Conspiracy-Mr.
Cass's Action-Mr. Graham-President Jefferson-Mr. Cass appointed Marshal
-His Success as an Advocate-His Politics—An Important Question-Impeach-
ment of Judges-Mr. Cass's Argument,....
Indian Confederacy—Tecumseh and the Prophet-Relations between the United
States and Great Britain—Gov. Meigs's Proclamation—War of 1812—Mr. Cass's
Views–Volunteers his Services Commissioned Colonel—His Speech to the
Troops at Dayton—Its Effect—General Hull—Plan of the Campaign-Rendez-
fous at Urbana-March to the Maumee -Hardships and Trials—Declaration of
War-Disaster on Lake Erie-Council of War-Col. Cass present-Advises the
Invasion of Canada–Disinclination of Gen. Hull-Advice of Col. Cass adopted
-Passage of Detroit River-Landing in Canada—Hull's Proclamation-Col.
urges prompt movement on Malden-Hull's Delay-Col. Cass visits Mal-
den with Flag of Truce-Return to Camp-Leads a Detachment against the
Enemy—The Engagement at the Aux Canards—His Heroic Conduct—His Re-
port to Hull—Col. Cass's Courage-Hull's Timidity,
Armistice on Niagara Frontier-Hull farors the Re-crossing of Detroit River-Col.
Cass Remonstrates—Battle of Brownstown—Evacuation of Canada— Engage-
ment in the Woods of Magunga-Col. Cass volunteers to lead a Detachment
through the Wilderness to the River Raisin—Gon. Brock's arrival at Sandwich-
Summons the American Fort at Detroit-Bombardment—Hull's Surrender-In-
dignation of Col. Cass and the Troops—His return from the River Raisin-Dis-
position to Fight-Breaks his Sword,
Gen. Brock's surprise at his Success—His Report—Col. Cass a Prisoner of War-On
his Parole-Interview with Gen. Brock at Malden-Gen. Hull ordered to Mon-
treal-His Report-Effect of the News—The Ohio Volunteers on Parole— Reach
Cleveland-Col. McArthur, senior officer, orders Col. Cass to Washington-Col.
Cass departs—Sickness at Martinsburyh— The War Department Informed-Mes-
senger despatched-Col. Cass reaches Washington-His Official Letter–His
Return to Marietta–His Conduct-Opposition to his Report-Mr. Rush - Col.
Cass's Letter to the Editor of the National Intelligencer-Mr. Eustis–His Clerk
Action of War Department-of Congress—General Assembly of Ohio—Confidence
in Col. Cass—Colonel in U. S. Army-Raises a Regiment-Elected Major General
of the Militia-Appointed Brigadier General in U. S. Army-Joins the Army,
under Gen. Harrison at Seneca Town-Ardor of his Command-Gen. Harrison's
Confidence in him—The Enemy at Lower Sandusky-Major Croghan-His Gal-
lant Defence-Artifice of the British Officers-Gen. Harrison marches to Sandus-
ky-Perry's Victory-Embarkation on Lake Erie-Harrisou assigns Command
of the debarkation to Gen. Cass—Arrival at Malden-Proctor's Retreat-Council
of War-Pursuit of Proctor-Battle of the Thames-Defeat and Flight of Proctor
-Pursued by Gen. Cass—Harrison's Testimony to Gen. Cass's Personal Exer-
Gen. Cass in Command of the North-western Frontier-Fixes his Head Quarters at
Detroit-Letter from Gov. Meigs-Surprise of Gen. Cass- Appointed Governor of
the Territory of Michigan-Acceptance-Resigns the Office of Marshal-Sum-
moned to Albany as a Witness on Hull's Trial—His Journey-Cuts open the
Mail Bags—Reports the Burning of Buffalo, from Cold Spring-Incident at the
Genesee River, near Rochester-Arrival at Albany–His Testimony- The Char-
ges-Sentence of the Court Martial-President's Action-An Examination of the
Trial, its Proceedings, and Hull's Defence-His Imbecility,..... ... 81
Gen. Cass returns to Detroit-Situation of the Fortress—Resigns the Command of
Brigadier General—Superintendent of Indian Affairs-His Policy-Appointed
Commissioner to Treat with the Indians-Holds a Treaty at Greenville-Sur.
rounded by Five Thousand Indians—Their Threats-His Intrepidity—The Trea-
ty-Sends Reinforcements to Gen. Brown-The Inroads of Hostile Indians
-He disperses them-His Pet Indians—Colonel James-Correspondenca-
Gen. Cass's rejection of British Interference in the Civil Affairs of Michi-
gan— Treaty of Peace-Removal of his Family to Detroit—British Arrogance
-Boarding of American Vessels—Gen. Cass Remonstrates—Its Effect, .... 97
The North-west Territory--Civil Government of Michigan-Land Titles-Condition
of Michigan at close of the War–Currency-Extent of the Territory-Gen.
Cass feels the Responsibility of his Position-Imputed Frauds on the Indians,
How he performed bis Duties—Appointed to treat with Ohio Tribes of Indians,
Treaty of Fort Meigs-Aversion of the Chiefs to Remove-Wisdom of Commis-
sioners-Large Cession-Military Road-The detroit Gazette — The People
against a Change of Government-Public Survey-Emigration into the Territory
- The Six Nations-Gen. Cass's views of the duties of an Indian Commissioner,
Negotiates a Treaty at St. Mary's—Council at Saginaw–His Popularity with
the Indians–Election of Delegate to Congress-Its Bepefits,...
Gen. Cass's Indian Superintendency Extended-His views of Governmental Policy
-He recommends a Peaceful Expedition into the Superior Country-His Let-
ter to Secretary of War-The Secretary's Reply-Expedition-Plaster of Paris
Discovered—His Letter upon the Subject-Ordered to Procure Cessions of Land
at Sault St. Marie-Departure of Expedition-Arrival at the Sault-Indian
Council-Gen. Cass's Fearlessness-His Success—Journey to the Sources of the
Mississippi-Return-Report to the War Department,....
Progress of Settlement-Land Sales—Gen. Cass's Purchase-Scarcity of Roads-
Public Surreys–The Population of Michigan-Extinguishment of Indian Title
His Journey to Chicago-Treaty with the Indians—He prohibits the Use of
Whisky-The Pardoning Power-New Counties, Public Conveyances—Travel.
ers-He recommends a Change of Government–Legislative Council,...... 141
First Session of Legislative Council-Gen. Cass Delivers his Message_His recom-
mendations-His viows of Political Power-Of Schools and Education. The
Copper Mines—Treaty with the Chippewas—Coancil of Prairie du Chien-Gen.
Cass's Prudence and Tact-The Gopher–Hunter's Narrative, Its Exposure-
The Customs and Traits of the Indians—Their Language, Religion, and Depopu-
lation-Gen. Cass's Description,.....
The Year 1826—Gen. Cass again traverses the Lakes-Holds an Indian Council at
Fon Du Lac—Indians Appear with the British Flag-A Treaty Concluded —
Repairs to the Wabash-In Council with Pottawatomies and Miamics-His
Speech to thein-Concludes Treaties — The Legislature—Territorial Boundaries—
The Message-Accountability of Public Officers-Qualifications Requisite
Democratic Tone of his Messages,..
Another Negotiation with the Indians-Journey to Lake Winnebago-Hostile Feel.
ing among the Winnebagoes—Descends the Wisconsin River—Personal Danger
at an Indian Village-Providential Escape-Attack on the Miners—War Messa-
ges-Gen. Cass organizes the Miners for Defence-Alarm at Fever River-He
hastens to St. Louis-Gen. Wilkeson orders on Troops—Rapidity of Gen. Cass's
Movements-Arrival at Green Bay—Treaty of Butte De Morts—Singular Occur.
rence-Cause of Indian Difficulties—British Agents—The North American Re.
view - Article of Gen. Cass,
Effect of the Article in the Review—The Lake Communication-Gen. Cass's Literary
Efforts—Treaty of Green Bay–His Labors-Historical Society of Detroit-His
Address—Hamilton College-Oration before the Alumni-Degree of LL. D. 207
Gen. Cass resigns the Office of Governor-President Jackson invites Gen. Cass to
the Head of the War Department-His Acceptance-Public Demonstration at
Detroit,Address of Major Biddle in behalf of People of Michigan—The Reply
Gen. Cass assumes the Duties of Secretary of War— The Cabinet--Reforms Introduced
-His Family–His Indian Policy–His First Report-Indian Difficulties in Geor.
gia-Gen. Cass reviews the Decision of the Supreme Court-Its Influence, 239
Black Hawk War-Peace-Treaties of Cession with the Winnebagoes, Sacs and
Foxes-Gen. Cass's efforts to effect Reforms in the Army-The United States
Bank-Nullification Letters to Gen. Scott-The Action of South Carolina-
Letter to Mr. Ritchie-The Virginia Legislature-The Mission of Mr. Leigh-
The Happy Termination,.....
Gen. Cass calls the attention of Congress to Intemperance in the Army-Richard
M. Johnson moves formation of National Temperance Association-State of
Society in Washington-Gen. Cass invited to deliver an Address in the Capitol
-Accepts–Extracts from the Address--Entire Interdiction—Gen. Jackson Re-
inaugurated—Gen. Cass offers to Vacate—Gen. Jackson refuses Permission-
The Alabama Trouble-Letters,...
Removal of the Deposites—Popularity of the Administration-Mr. Clay's Resolutions
– Their Effect on Gen. Jackson's Mind—The American Historical Society-Gen.
Cass delivers an Oration-Extracts—The Auditory—Their Feelings on the Oc-
The Florida War-Its Origin-Its Conduct, whilst Gen. Cass was Secretary of War
-An Examination of Testimony given before a Military Court of Inquiry at
Battle of New Orleans-Intimacy between Gen. Jackson and Gen. Cass—The Latter
at the Request of the Former prepares an Authentic Account of the Battle-Ap-
pears in the Democratic Review-Defences of the Country-Gen. Cass's Report
on the Subject,.....
Gen. Cass's Health-Desire to leave the Cabinet- Accepts the French Mission-
Voyage across the Atlantic- Reception at the Court of St. Cloud -Gen. Cass as
a Diplomatist-His Duties-His Memoranda of Court Customs-French Life-
An Emeute-French Manners-French Knowledge,.....
Gen. Cass visits Italy-Greece_EgyptSyria-His Tour-His Memorarda-Gen.
eral Reflections-His return to Paris,....
Gen. Cass resumes his Official Duties—His Position at Court-Intimacy with the
King-Jealousy of England–His Memoranda Relative to Louis Philippe, his
Court and Government—The Reasons for Publication-Charges made against
Gen. Cass Examined—Their Refutation,