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torial task. The only question of importance of the Established Church, and all his prejurespecting them was, whether the whole de- dices were in its favour; so that "it was mattail of my friend's distressing malady should ter,” he says, “ of the most pungent regret, be laid before the public as he had given it. that I was restrained from continuing in it by After mature consideration and conference motives altogether conscientious." with his family, it was resolved to send it to He became a member of the Congregational the press as he had prepared it." While some Church at Birmingham, of which the excelreaders may, perhaps, call in question the de- lent and venerated Dr. Edward Williams was sirableness of giving so vivid and graphic a then the pastor. Feeling an earnest desire description of his mental distress, most per to become a minister of the gospel among the sons will do full justice to the motives of the Dissenters, he was recommended by Dr. Wilauthor in recording, and to the motives of the liams to the Congregational College at Homereditor in retaining and disclosing, even the ton, in which he was cordially received as a most thrilling details of the anguish of his student, and was assiduously engaged in the spirit !
prosecution of the studies prescribed, and in An unusual value attaches to this auto- his own additional reading and researches, biography, arising from the perfect confidence during four years and a half. which must be felt by all who knew Mr. He then received and accepted an invitaWalford in his unimpeachable sincerity, in- tion to become pastor of the church at Stowgenuousness, and truthfulness. His narrative market, where his services were very acceptgives such a delineation of his " inner man,” | able, but his stipend was not sufficient to as he bimself only could have drawn, but enable him prudently to enter on married such as all who knew him intimately will life. He left Stow market after a residence pronounce to be correct.
there of somewhat less than two years, and “ A few days ago,” he says, in the first of accepted an invitation to Great Yarmouth, his letters, “ I entered on my seventy-seventh where he discharged the duties of the pastoral year; and though not altogether exempt from office, with considerable encouragement and the decay incident to such a period of life, I great acceptableness, during the period of am not conscious of any such incapacities of fourteen years. After giving an interesting mind or body as to disqualify me for my sketch of his ministry and its results in that present undertaking. My progress through important station, Mr. Walford enters on the life has consisted of many successive changes, affecting history of that “insidious malady” some of them more distressing than I can from which he was so great a sufferer. “I describe. Some years since, indeed, the pres was attacked,” he says, “by paroxysms of sure of suffering was so intense as to induce despondency, which, during their continuance, a wish that I had never lived. Happily, the rendered life a burden almost intolerable. I wish has passed away with the sorrows that could give no account of the reasons of such gave it birth, and I can now gratefully own disquietude, and was at a loss to devise any that 'goodness and mercy have followed me probable means of relief. With almost every all the days of my life.'”
source of happiness open to me, I was often, After a limited education at school, in for months together, more wretched than I which he obtained some knowledge of Latin,
can describe. I was thus constrained to he was apprenticed, for seven years, to an en think seriously of changing the scene, in hope graver at Birmingham. At about seventeen that some other station of labour would, by years of age, after many alternations of reli- interrupting my present habits and associagious impressions and opposing inclinations, tions, contribute essentially to my relief. No he appears to have been brought, by the very long interval elapsed, before I learned that power of Divine grace, to a knowledge of the office of Resident and Classical Tutor in himself and of the Saviour, and to full decision the College at Homerton was vacated by the of character. His inquiring mind soon had demise of the Rev. Thomas Hill.” In a short to encounter many speculative difficulties in time Mr. Walford was invited to become his theology, by which he was greatly harassed successor; and in the last week of the year and perplexed. At length, however, “I was 1813, he became resident at the College, taught,” he says, “ to welcome, with the high- having for a colleague the late lamented Dr. est delight, a perfect and entire justification J. Pye Smith. by faith-the gracious, unbought gift of God, During the first years of his academic through his only begotten Son; and to this engagements he“ enjoyed many remissions of hour I retain, with unabated confidence, the his malady, which were greatly aided by the views which I then acquired; and my hope long vacations and the journeyings for which is, that when I depart hence, I shall place no they afforded opportunity.” He applied himaffiance but in Christ; and in my last mortal self, with his accustomed energy and assiduity, utterance exclaim, . Thanks be unto God for to the conscientious performance of his duties his unspeakable gift.'"
as a tutor, although frequently with a depresMr. Walford was brought up in the bosom sion of spirit which it was difficult either to
control or to conceal. “ In such circum All the friends of Mr. Walford will have stances,” he says, “ I persisted in pursuing much cause for gratification in finding, that my various occupations, until near the close of his autobiography was entrusted by himself my sixteenth year's residence in the college; i to Mr. Stoughton for publication. This has when, by an unlooked-for and most grievous called forth from his heart and from his pen occurrence, the cup of bitterness, already filled, a “ Continuation of the Memoir,” worthy of was made to overflow. My only daughter, one who was honoured and favoured with now about seventeen, met with an accident, Mr. Walford's confidential and affectionato which inflicted a wound on the skull, under friendship. We rejoice that it extends to the effects of which she languished three or about a hundred pages, replete with additional four months, when she expired." After some information, and with truthful and discritouching effusions of his heart, blended with minating reinarks on the interesting pecusubmission to the will of God, Mr. Walford | liarities and idiosyncrasies of Mr. Walford's adds, “I should now terminate my narrative, character. It is also enriched by various if I were not actuated by a hope, that a letters, which will greatly interest the reader. perusal of what is to follow may afford some Mr. Stoughton has admirably succeeded in support and relief to any of its readers who delineating the characteristic habits and tenmay suffer from causes similar to those by dencies of Mr. Walford's vigorous mind, as they which I was so long and so grievously were indicated by the course of his favourite afflicted."
studies, by the style and structure of his pubFor the deeply affecting story of the five lished writings, by specimens of unpublished years which followed, we must refer our papers given in the Appendix, and by correct readers to the autobiography itself. It is representations of the spirit and the charm of inexpressibly touching! “ After the expira- his conversational powers, when he felt himtion of the first year," says the sufferer, “ all self happy in the hours of social intercourse my distressing symptoms increased in strength with the friends he loved. The recital given and continuance; and during the succeeding of the deep depression into which he again four years I was oppressed by unbroken relapsed, and in which, by the mysterious darkness, and tortured by anguish!”
permission of his heavenly Father, he closed At length, however, by the great goodness his earthly course, is most painfully affecting of God, light returned, with a restoration to to the heart; yet it does not for one moment health and happiness marvellously rapid and disturb our confident persuasion, that he complete! On a bright day in the cheerful lived and died in the favour and friendship of month of May, he was, with extreme diffi- his God. “If any man ever was converted culty, persuaded to accompany Mrs. Walford by the grace of God," says Mr. Stoughton, and his son in a carriage. He directed the “in a manner such as to place the fact beyond driver to take them to Epping Forest; and he all doubt, William Walford was. If God ever thus describes the effect:-“ The verdure of in this world showed to any mortal the path the grass, trees, and country, with the fine- of spiritual life, it was to him.” “ He was, ness of the weather, so affected me, that all as a man and a minister—as a preacher, a my fears, disquietudes, and sorrows vanished tutor, and an author, good and useful; and as if by a miracle, and I was well; entirely both the characteristic elements of his goodrelieved, and filled with a transport of delight, ness and the distinctive cast of his usefulness such as I had never before experienced. My exhibited the influence of the peculiar order of hope and confidence in God were restored.” mind given him by his Maker, and his proAfter his recovery, in reflecting on the pro- vidential training from youth to manhood, and bable cause of his long-continued sufferings onwards to the end.” from headaches and from mental depression, Our limits forbid a more extended notice of he arrived at the conclusion, which was con this deeply interesting book. We anticipate firmed by a medical opinion, that they were for it a circulation among our readers not the effects of an injury which he received in often surpassed. the head by a severe fall in infancy.
Not long after his recovery, Mr. Walford ac. The Mass. By WilLIAM ANDERSON, LL.D. cepted an invitation to become the minister of
Small 8vo., pp. 184. A small congregation at Uxbridge, to which place R. Jackson, Glasgow. Ward and Co., London, he removed. After residing there for some DR. ANDERSON possesses no inconsiderable time, he purchased a house, in a salubrious share of original power, and knows well how situation, on Uxbridge Common, with a large to use it. There is a certain raciness perand beautiful garden, in which he found great taining to his modes of thought and expresdelight. " In this tranquil retreat," he says, sion which admirably qualities him for the
my latter years have passed, with, I sup arena of controversy. If there be any truth pose, as large a measure of happiness as often in phrenology, he must have a well-developed falls to the lot of mortals in this sublunary organ of combativeness. One thing is clear condition."
from his writings and from his palpit exer
cises, that he has a good logical faculty, by | Consecration.—III. Its Elevation of the Host which he knows how to seize on the main and Chalice for Adoration.-IV. Its Oblation points of a given case, and to force home his
as an Expiatory Sacrifice. – V. Its Sacraconclusions with an almost resistless force. mental Communion by the Priest.-VI. Its
We hail the assistance of this champion in Communion by the People. the present struggle against Antichrist. He
As we have read this volume, we have felt brings heavy artillery with him into the field, deeply that it is not only well calculated and will do great execution against the com to establish the faith of Protestants, but to mon foe. His total disregard of the fa tidious, make even Romanists themselves hesitate as and his determined love of the substantial, to the validity of their system. There is hope in an argument, fit him peculiarly for popil of some of the Roman Catholic laity, that lar contest with Rome and her agents. With they may yet read and think for themselves. far greater powers of public address and elo Dr. Anderson has done his work with the quent appeal, he reminds us of the late Mr. hand of a master. He may defy Dr. WiseMcGavin, with this exception, that he would
man and all the Papal hierarchy to refute his withhold from Papists none of their popular arguments against the Mass. rights. Like that noble champion of Protestant truth, he knows how to place Popish 1. Village LECTURES ON POPERY; Exdogma in direct and absolute antagonism to hibiting the Chief Doctrines of Romanism, the living oracles; and thus to brand it as the
and illustrating some of its Practices by foe of God and man. Except Atheism, he Persoal Observations made during a Resifinds nothing equally hostile to the character dence in Rome. By the Rev. WILLIAM of God, or the interests of humanity.
Ellis, Author of “ Polynesian Researches," The origin of this volume, as described by fc. the author, is very interesting. The Lecture
Ward and Co. entitled “ The Man of Sin," was delivered in 2. ROME, ITS TEMPER AND ITS TEACHDr. Wardlaw's church, on the evening of Sab INGS; in Six Lectures.
By GEORGE bath, December 8, 1850; and the rest on the HENRY Davis. 12mo. pp. 184. three subsequent Monday evenings, in the
Houlston and Stoneman. City-hall, to an assembly of not fewer than The Protestant world, we would fain hope, four thousand persons, chiefly of the operative is beginning to awake from its slumbers. We class; and never was a speaker more encour have been lulled to rest by vague declaaged in his exertions by the expressed appre mations on the improved spirit of the age, ciation of his arguinents and illustrations, pro in which it has been rashly assumed that tracted for more than two hours on each occa Popery has felt the ameliorating process. sion. The fear of no man's mocking shall The late doings, however, of the Pope, and make me suppress that boast. I boast of my the spirit in which the Irish Catholics have fellow-citizens. Let the hierarchy of England responded to them, abundantly prove that discipline and educate their aristocracy for the Popery is still what it has always been, an discernment of a scriptural argument, as we anomalous power thirsting for dominion; and have done with our Scottish artisans and always repaying concession by more exoperatives, and there will be no reason for orbitant demands. Our statesmen have confearing Popery, except as it threatens us tinually told us that a liberal policy pursued through the flood of ignorance from miserable towards Romanists would be sure to win Ireland, misgoverned by statesmen, and abused their confidence and to conciliate their by priests: but now inore abused than mis- esteem; but facts are stubborn things, and governed, far !”
we would ask any thoughtful man whether The two Lectures entitled “ The Man of they have been conciliated; and whether Sin," and "The Genius and Power of Popery,” | anything will satisfy them but ecclesiastical are very able and elaborate essays, of strictly pre-eminence in this country? If a stand is popular character; the first, an exposition of not made now against the insolence of the Paul's “ Man of Sin," and the other, an acute Bishop of Rome, our firm belief investigation of the principal causes which shall have reason to rue the folly which have secured for Popery its prolonged and yielded to the dictation of Tractarians and wide-spread dominion. We strongly recom liberals so-called, in the House of Commons. mend the careful study of this powerful dis We must rather retrace our steps than make course.
any fresh concessions to a power, which but our author wishes his readers to under-gathers confidence from the effect of its stand that he has put forth his strength in his own Jesuitical influence in the midst of this attempt to demolish the frightful superstition free Protestant country. Until the grants and idolatry of the Mass. We know of no to Maynooth are withdrawn, and all other such exposure of it in the English language. grants of a similar character, we cannot In Sıx Sections, he has set forth its hideous purge ourselves of the crying national sin of deforinity. I. Its Priest and Altar.-II. Its supporting the papal power.
Amidst the dark portends which surround fluence which has come into our hands. It us, we are thankful to find such a vigorous is a cheap and accurate delineation of what publication of Protestant doctrine. The 'Popery is, and has been, and must ever be, press is literally teeming with able exposures while it remains Popery. of Antichristianism in all its forms. The Mr. Davis's work is a fit companion to Pope will gain nothing practically by his Mr. Ellis's. Indeed, if combined with Dr. rescript, even if statesmen should fail to Fletcher's “ Lectures on the Principles and maintain the independence of our country, Institutions of the Roman Catholic Religion,” and the supremacy of our beloved sovereign. | we should say that the three would form a Lord John Russell will place himself on a 'good Protestant library, for persons of lofty eminence, if he will but fearlessly main- ordinary intelligence, and of but slender time tain his ground. And if, at no distant day, for close and continuous reading. he will come forward in his place and Mr. Davis's plan is ingenious, and affords move the abandonment of the Maynooth him much scope for the due treatment of grant, he will be the most popular states- the Roman Catholic controversy.
His Ist man in all Europe.
lecture is entitled, “ ABSOLUTISM,” which is The two works announced at the head of very forcibly handled. His 2nd and 3rd this article, are by highly competent writers; lectures are on “ PRIESTISM,” in which he and they are both got up with that care and has dealt a deadly blow at priestcraft, in all literary merit which the subject demands. its modifications. His 4th lecture is on “DÆMr. Ellis has been long known as an author MONOLATRY,” in which the Pagan origin of of considerable skill and power. His resi- Popery is forcibly traced. His 5th lecture dence in Rome, with such an observant mind is on AsceticISM,” which is proved to be as his, has given him many facilities for the abhorrent to reason and Scripture. And task which he has undertaken, and has so his 6th lecture is entitled, “HARMONY OF well executed. His“ Village Lectures on PROPHECY AND HISTORY, AS TO THE DE. Popery” was a happy thought; and we must VELOPMENT OF THE PAPAL SYSTEM." This say that, with most abundant proof of accu- volume ought to be in every Protestant rate research, his lectures will be read with family. intelligence and advantage by the humblest peasant. They are addressed ad populum. PASTORAL RECOLLECTIONS.
By Jonn: The ground he takes in describing Popish CLAYTON, late of the Poultry Chapel. Vol. I. doctrines and usages, is always constitu- containing Miscellaneous Discourses. Small tional, and such as a Romanist cannot reject; 8vo. pp. 242. and bis arguments against the Papal system
Arthur Hall, Virtue, and Co. are conducted with that calmness and conclu- Our reminiscences of the venerable and siveness which cannot fail, in many instances, truly respected author of these “ Pastoral to convince.
Recollections," forty years ago, when The lectures are six in number:- I. Popery, arrived in the metropolis, are among the most its Claims and Credentials. II. On the grateful and refreshing of our early asso. Popish Doctrine of Sin, Merit, Confession, ciations, connected with this part of the Penance, Ahsolution, Purgatory, and In- kingdom. We were young, inexperienced, dulgences. III. Transubstantiation and the unknown; and, with a gentlemanly frankSacrifice of the Mass. IV. The Sacraments ness and generosity never to be forgotten, he of Popery. V. The Canonization of Saints; took us by the hand, invited us to bis happy the Invocation of Saints and Angels; and home, and gave us counsel such as any the Use of Images and Relics. VI. The theological student might greatly value from History and Character of Popery.
the lips of matured wisdom. His whole These topics are all handled with great bearing towards the rising ministry of that spirit and with a masterly acquaintance with day was such as to entitle him to their the facts of history. Altogether the book is warmest regard; and, while memory holds one to be put into the hands of any inquirer her seat, there are not a few of them who anxious to know the real character of the will think of the pastor of Camomile-street. Papacy. Some of the scenes depicted are with blended feelings of respect and affection. vivid and impressive in a high degree. We Mr. Clayton was, at that time, and for very refer our readers to the author's description many years after, one of the most successful of a Christmas day (1843) spent in Saint and influential pastors in the metropolis. Peter's, as a fair specimen of his dramatic No man had larger congregations, preached power in setting forth to the life, the sen- more useful sermons, or lived more entirely sualism and idolatry of Romish worship in the affections of his flock.
We speak on high days, with the Pope at its head. these things of our knowledge; and it is beThe entire volume we commend with much cause we are in a position to do so, that we earnestness to the reading public, as one of rejoice to welcome these “ Pastoral Recolthe best preservatives against Romish in- lections." From August, 1811, to August,
1812, we attended statedly on Mr. C.'s gory VII., in a series of touching personal ininistry; and we are reminded, in these ex- narratives, which exhibit, in a most baleful cellent discourses, of the fine fresh Christian but yet truthful light the oppressions which teaching to which we then listened. The were practised by that Pontiff under the author speaks of the publication of this most sacred sanctions of religion. The volume as an “humble attempt at autumnal horrors connected with Hildebrand's edict for usefulness;" and we can assure our readers the celibacy of the clergy are drawn to the that the twelve sermons included in the volume life; and are so worked up with the actual are ripe fruits gracing the autumnal period. struggles of virtuous men and women of the
The texts, which are well handled in day, that they are well calculated to fix the point of Christian doctrine and practical deep brand of execration on Rome, for perappeal, will slow our readers who may turn petuating the tyrannous and unnatural exto them, that the topics are well selected as action of this greatest of ecclesiastical despots. fitting themes for a volume of “ Pastoral The striking portrait here drawn by our Recollections." I. Luke xviii. 1. II. Matt. ix. author of the man who invested Romanism 21. III. Col. ii. 5. IV. Rom. viii. 19. with some of its most fearful attributes, and V. 1 Sam. ii. 17. VI. Matt. xi. 19. who sought to trample on the necks of kings, VII. Luke ii. 25. VIII. Eccles. ii. 20. will render the volume a cherished classic in IX. Lam. i. 7. X. Matt. vi. 13. XI. Exod. xxii. many a Protestant circle. 29. XII. Psalm cxxvi. 1-3.
At a time when Rome is urging her This series of discourses will be very claims afresh, and ventures to dictate to this precious to the surviving friends of Mr. free Protestant country so as she dare not to Clayton, at the Poultry Chapel. They will any Catholic state in Europe, it is high tiine remind them of their late pastor in his best that our popular literature should be imdays; and will be transmitted, as an heir- bued with an anti-Popish spirit. loom, to children and to children's children. Mr. Sortain, with the help of his intelBut the sermons will be generally prized as ligent and highly cultivated companion, has able and faithful expositions of the word of produced a volume which will outlive the God, distinguished by no mean share of in- occasion and the circumstances which gave genuity of thought and force of diction, and it birth. full of evangelical piety and pathos.
POPERY IN POWER; or, The Spirit of the HILDEBRAND (Pope Gregory VII.), AND Vatican ; to which is added, Priestcraft, or
THE EXCOMMUNICATED EMPEROR. A The Monarch of the Middle Ages; A Drama. Tale. By JOSEPH SORTAIN, A.B., Trinity By JOSEPH TURNLEY. Illustrated with College, Dublin. Small 8vo. pp. 336. Engravings on Wood, by Eminent Artists. Longman and Cu.
8vo. pp. 400. We fully justify the author, who can write
Effingham Wilson. such a book as this, for clothing it in the This volume is calculated to do good garb of fiction. It is only puerile fiction, service in the present struggle with foreign and ill-constructed tales, that we are disposed and domestic Popery. Its pictorial illusto condemn. As the Tractarian writers trations alone, so admirably executed and have endeavoured by a series of plausible with such spirit, will produce a powerful stories, to make young people converts to effect. their more than semi.popish notions, it is In the first part of his work, Mr. Turnley quite fair that the great hero of Romanism, has depicted Romanism when in the zenith who fully developed its formidable powers, of its power. He has shown, by historical should have the events of his extraordinary fact, that it has been the enemy of all civil history dramatized, that it may be seen how power and good government; that by its the great actors on the stage of the Papacy secret energies and mystic spell it has sought conducted themselves, in the palmiest days to crush every opposing force; that cruelty of the Popedom; and that thus we may and rapacity have been the demons that learn, at our English firesides, what may be have attended its path; that it has embittered expected if Popery were again to be in the all the springs of social and domestic life; ascendant.
and that, by its proselyting spirit, it has Mr. Sortain has not only produced a most sought to corrupt and enthral the whole readable book, which is saying much for an human family. historical tale; but he has furnished one of the Our author, in tracing the doings of ablest exposures of the tyranny of the Pope-Popery in this country, does not tread lightly dom, in the height of its fearful ambition, that on the toes of the Tractarians; nor does he has seen the light in modern times. He has spare that liberalism which would profess to adhered with a scrupulous exactness to the treat the aggressive spirit of Rome as a trifle outline of historical fact; but in doing so he not worth consideration. has contrived to embody the story of Gre- In the second part of the volume we have