Abbildungen der Seite

voted subjects were let loose from an allegiance which perhaps might have been perpetuated. If liberty was odious to him, Europe owes him the complete establishment of that inappreciable equality which the revolution began, whose inexorable level he passed over all ranks, even while reconstructing titles, dominions, and principalities, which Moreau used to say, he spit upon his followers. It is yet too soon for history to draw his true character as a warrior, a legislator, and a man. Posterity will do his memory that justice contemporaries cannot. His denigration has been said and sung, which written, painted, sculptured, and engraved, in all the dialects of Germany, of Prussia, of Spain, of Great Britain, and of royal France, yet it is certain his character has improved since his power ceased. One of the most curious acts of homage to his memory is M. de Montbel's biography of his son. A minister of Charles the Tenth solacing his exile at Vienna by portraying with melancholy eloquence the marvellous intelligence, integrity, and promise of that unfortunate youth, is one of the most striking and affecting romances of the age-whose birth, titles, life and death are a sequel to his father's; abundant of interest and moral.

Returning from France to England, I felt that blessed assurance of personal safety which no American can appreciate till he puts himself into countries of police. One day in Paris, at the restaurateurs where I usually dined, I saw an arrest, whether for crime or debt I never learned. Several of us Americans were together. A party of French gentlemen were playing billiards in the same room. It was evening. Sixteen gens d'armes suddenly and silently filed in, and arrested one of the Frenchmen. Not a word was ut: tered; no authority was shown but the uniform of the soldiers. No warrant, no cause assigned, no question asked, but the man in dread silence was marched away, under custody of his guards. I felt with a shudder that no Habeas Corpus act, no public sympathy, not even a police report, could come to his relief, and I fancied his fate mine. The necessity of always carrying and frequentiy renew. ing a passport, the alleged danger of any political conversation, the liability of even letters to betrayal, the probably exaggerated terrors of strict surveillance, tainted the enjoyments of Paris; and I breathed in England that air of freedom which to American respi. ration is inconceivably refreshing, without which Europe with all its magnificence is splendid misery. Notwithstanding, too, the decided preference contracted for the French kitchen, I enjoyed the first slice of the cold roast beef of old England, on which I lunched at Canterbury, on the way from Dover to London, with the aboriginal relish of first love.


What can a woman be or do without bravery? Has she not to struggle with the toils and difficulties that must follow upon the mere possession of a mind? Must she not face physical and moral pain ? Physical and moral danger ? Is there a day of her life in which there are not conflicts where no one can help her—perilous work to be done in which she can have neither sympathy nor aid? Let her lean upon man as much as she will, how much is it that he can do for her ?—from how

much can he protect her ?”—Harriet MARTINEAU. "Come unto me all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.”

Woman! a weary lot is thine,

And dark the clouds that round thee rise;
Well should'st thou list the voice divine,

That tells thee where thy refuge lies.

Is it with thee a joyous hour,

Fraught with sweet glance and sunny smile,
Do words of love with witching power,

Alike thy heart and mind beguile?

Do friends crowd round thy onward path

Eager with flowers to strew the way?
Do all the hopes this cold world hath

Before thy youthful fancy play?

Remember that the days draw nigh

When, one by one, thy hopes shall fade;
When thou shalt turn with many a sigh

From idols thine own hands have made.

The gorgeous vanities of life,

Like childhood's mimic sports shall seem,
And fashion's cares and pleasure's strife

Look like some dim fantastic dream.

And more, yet more, the hour may come,

When thou shalt stand on earth alone, “ The voices of thy home” all dumb,

Lover and friend forever flown.

And more, far more, the dearly loved

May cast thy choicest gifts away,
And those who best thy faith have proved,

Thy trusting confidence betray.

O Woman! with these ills in view,

To human aid why fondly cling?
What help may mortal courage shew--

What succour to thy spirit bring ?
Upon thy heart's own courage call,

On thy immortal hopes rely,
And turn to Him, whose love to all

In sorrow's hour is ever nigh.


Not the least important and interesting of the subjects brought before the attention of Congress, in the Annual Message of the President, is unquestionably that of the Census for 1840, for which the proper provision and arrangements must be made at the present session. It is well, too, that it is one of those subjects that afford a neutral ground on which all parties may cordially meet, without the intrusion of any of those disturbing influences of interest or feeling which must bias the judgment, on the one side or the other, on almost every other conceivable subject of a public nature. For the sake of variety, it will be quite refreshing to meet in truce on soch a common ground, undistracted by a jealousy, an alarm, or an interest, of a partisan character, to unite in carrying out this important measure on the most liberal and enlarged principles, and in the most efficient manner, with a single eye to the interesting national objects involved in it.

The idea appears to be pretty generally entertained, that advantage will be taken of the opportunity afforded by the Census, on the present occasion, to perform the duty properly incumbent on our Federal Government, which it is a subject of just reproach and regret has heretofore been unaccountably neglected; namely, that of making some portion at least of those general statistical observations, over the whole surface of the Union, of the principal subjects of national interest, to the proper collection of which it alone is competent. The American Almanac for last year held the following language in relation to it:

"All intelligent and judicious legislation must be founded, in a great measure, on statistical knowledge. If the statistics of all the United States, collected and digested on a judicious and uniform plan,-embracing, among other matters, a view of the Population, with the different classes and divisions-Commerce, Manufactures, and Agriculture, with their various branches-works of Internal Improvement, as Canals, Railroads, &c.-Crime and Pauperism-Education and Religion, with their condition, means of support, and the institutions connected with them,- were, at regular periods, laid before the public, a mass of information would be presented, which would be of immense advantage to the national government and to the gove ernments of the several States; and the wide diffusion of such information among the citizens at sarge would be attended with the most salutary consequences. Knowledge is power;' an such knowledge as this would greatly increase the ability of the national and State governments, as well as of societies and individuals, to promote the interest, and advance the moral civilization and improvement, of the people.

"The volumes of the American Almanac contain a good deal of statistical infor. mation, which has been collected with much labor and expense. In conducting the work, we have frequently found it impossible to procure the information wanted. The statistics of the whole country can never be collected by one individual, nor by a society formed for the purpose. If the work is ever accomplished in a suitable manner, it must be done under the direction of the government of the United States. And, if the national government should connect this object with the taking of the next Census, the design would certainly commend itself to every man of enlightened views; and it would redound to the lasting honor of the administration that should first introduce the system.”

It is greatly to be regretted, that at the last session of Congress a joint resolution, introduced by Mr. Legare, of South Carolinato refer the subject to a select committee, to collect information and to submit a plan to carry these views into effect, at the next (the present) session-shared the fate of the hundreds of bills which were lost for want of time to act upon them. The necessity of prompt action is now imperative, and does not admit of a similar postponement for another year; and compensation for the advantages which might have resulted from the labors of such a committee, must be sought in the diligent and liberal attention which it behoves Congress to bestow upon the measure without delay. We are surprised that, in the excitements which have thus far engaged ine time and attention of that body, it seems to have been overlooked, no committee having yet (at the date of the present Article) been appointed in either branch to consider it-notwithstanding its introduction to their notice by the following pas. sage from the President's Message:

“In recommending to Congress the adoption of the necessary provisions at this session for taking the next census, or enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States, the suggestion presents itself whether the scope of the measure might not be usefully extended, by causing it to embrace authentic statistical returns of the great interests specially intrusted to, or necessarily affected by, the legislation of Congress.”

At the session of 1835-6, it may be remembered, a memorial was addressed to Congress by a distinguished literary and scientific gentleman, Professor Lieber, of South Carolina College, invoking the patronage and aid of the Government, for the preparation and publication of a general work on the Statistics of the United States ; which, it was correctly urged, was entirely beyond the ability of any private individual, whether in reference to its necessary ex. pense, or to the requisite facilities and means of observation. The application proved unsuccessful—from what causes we are not exactly informed. Probably the consideration was influential in the minds of many, that the approaching Census would furnish a convenient opportunity-in a mode not liable to the same exception as might perhaps apply to that thus proposed-for attaining much of the benefit, of an unquestionably important and national character, contemplated in such a work. At any rate, the considerations suggested in the following extract from the memorial referred to, are fully applicable, at the present period, to recommend the course pointed out to us, equally by the liberal example of all other civilized countries, and by an enlightened regard to the true principles of political science:

“ It may be considered as one of the characteristic traits of our times, that, with regard to many branches of importance to the well-being of society, a careful collection of detailed facts, and the endeavour to arrive at general results by a comprehensive view and judicious combination of them, have been substituted for mere theo rizing. Not only the strictly scientific portion of that great family of civilized nations, which part of Europe and America now constitute, has acknowledged the great importance to the legislator, and every one else who occupies himself with the welfare of his species, of statistical inquiries, when made on a large scale and used with proper caution, but several governments have shown how much they value accurate statistics, by ordering them to be collected and properly digested. The Prussian Government, which offers the peculiar and novel phenomenon of a polity, though absolute in its frame, yet, in various respects, administered upon highly liberal principles, established, several years ago, a 'Board of Statistics,' whose business it is to collect statistical facts with regard to agriculture, commerce, and industry, as well as to the manifold social and political relations of its subjects, and to lay the abstracts made of them before the respective authorities. Several publications of the greatest value have already been issued by this board. The French have likewise, paid much attention to the collection of statistical facts, and the results derived from them have, from time to time, been made public by authority. Some of them have shed an entirely new light upon subjects of the utmost importance to human society, such as the annual report of the keeper of the seals to the king, on every thing connected with the statistics of crime and police offences in France.

The governments of Austria, Bavaria, Wurtemberg, Baden, and other countries, have caused accounts of a similar nature, and of more or less merit, to be given to the public, among which those of the Grand Duchy of Baden are particularly worthy of notice. Even some of the Italian governments have yielded so far to the spirit of our times, which prompts those who wield the helm of the state to make public what was once carefully hid from the eye of the people, as to publish, on several occasions, statistical accounts of some branches of government. The British parliament have instituted, on frequent occasions, statistical inquiries into various subjects of public interest, and, conformably to the spirit of the English government, have rendered them, by the press, accessible to the people at large. So likewise has the Congress of the United States diffused knowledge on some subjects of statistical interest among our people, by the ordering of large editions of certain reports and abstracts. They have, indeed, never been of a comprehensive nature, but they show sufficiently how great a value Congress have set upon some of them, and how important your body considers the collection of minute and faithful statistics.

“Statistics consist, in a great degree, in the collection and classification of a num.

« ZurückWeiter »