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Browning; and nearly all from Knowles, Croly, Horace Smith, and others, together with the comic dialogues from Morton, Mathews, and Coyne, having been selected or adapted for this collection.

It will be seen that the oratory of the ancients has supplied an unusual number of exercises. A certain novelty has, however, in

many instances, been imparted here, by original translations. We have had little, in modern times, to surpass the Philippics of Demosthenes or the fiery invective of Æschines. The putative speeches from Livy, Tacitus, and Sallust, have been newly translated or adapted. In two or three instances, the translation has been so liberal that a nearer relationship to the original than that of a paraphrase has not been claimed. The speeches of Brutus, Caius Marius, Canuleius, Virginius, and others, have been expanded or abridged, to serve the purpose of declamation. The two speeches of Spartacus, that of Regulus, with several others, are now, for the first time, published. The extracts from that strangely depreciated work, Cowper's Homer, have the vivid simplicity and force of the original, and are among the most appropriate exercises for elocution in the whole scope of English blank verse.

Throughout the present volume, in deciding upon the insertion of a piece, the question has been, not “ Who wrote it?" or, “What country produced it?” but, “ Is it good for the purpose ? Like other arts, that of eloquence is unhedged by geographical lines ; and it is as inconsistent with true culture, to confine pupils to American models in this art, as it would be in sculpture or painting. While exercising great freedom of range in selection, however, it has been the editor's study to meet all the demands of a liberal patriotism; to do justice to all the noblest masters of eloquence, and to all schools and styles, from which a grace may be borrowed; and, above all, to admit nothing that could reasonably offend the ear of piety and good taste.

The Introductory Treatise embodies the views, not only of the editor, but of many of our most experienced and distinguished teachers, in regard to the unprofitable character of those “ systems” which profess to teach reading and speaking by the rule and plummet of sentential analysis or rhetorical notation. Of these attempts the pupil may well exclaim, in the words of Cowper,

“Defend me, therefore, common sense, say I,
From reveries so airy,- from the toil
Of dropping buckets into empty wells,
And growing old in drawing nothing up!”

The preceptive portion of the Treatise presents no particular claim to originality; the object being merely to give a summary of all the discoveries and hints that can be serviceable to the student, in the development of liis vocal and elocutionary powers.

CONTENTS.

INTRODUCTORY TREATISE.

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Time, .

. 16 Imitative Modulation,
. 16 Illustration from Pope,
17 Pauses,
17 Emphasis,
17 Illustration from Milton,

. 17

from Shakspeare,

. 17 III. GESTURE,

Fenelon's Directions,

. 18 Austin's Chironomia,

. 18

Oratorical Attitudes,

Engraved Representations,

19 Matters for Mirth,

19 General Rules,

On Tiining Gestures,

21 Walker's Direction, .

21 Illustration from Shakspeare,

21 Whately's Theory,

22

Attitude,

22 Quintilian on the Hand,

Practical Hints,

Awkward Habits,

23

Dress and Manner,

23

The Countenance,

23

24 IV. STRENGTHENING THE VOICE, .

24 Management of the Breath,

24

A Good Exercise,

27 Reading Aloud,

2+ Its Physical Benefits,

21 Andrew Combe's Advice,

21

EXPLANATORY MARKS,

. 18

18, 19

20, 21

S{3. . .

35

36

. 36

. 36

. 36

36

36

Page

Page

1. Truth,

Frayssinous, 37 40. Death is Compensation, Rousseau, 69

2. Immortality, .

Massillon, 38 41. Fate of Charles XII., Johnson, 70

3. Utility of the Beautiful, Ruskin, 39 42. Our Duties,

Story, 71

4. The Mind of Man,

Akenside, 40 43. Love of Country, Montgomery, 72

5. The World,

Talfourd, 11 44. Nature a llard Creditor, . Carlyle, 73

6. Mechanical Epoch,

Kennedy, 41 45. Time's Midnight Voice, Young, 74

7. To-day, :

Withington, 42 46. The Common Lot, Montgomery, 75

8. Duellist's Honor,

England, 43 47. True Source of Reform, Chapin, 76

9. Day Conceals what Night Reveals, 48. The Beacon Light,

Pardoe, 77

Nichol, 44 49. Cleon and I,

Mackay, 77

9. Sonnet,

. White, 45 50. Problem for the U. States, Boardman, 78

10. Man's Material Triumphs, . . Fayet, 45 51. American Experiment, Everett, 78

11. Fortitude,

Anonymous, 46 52. The Ship of State,

Lunt, 79

12. The United States of Europe, . Hugo, 46 52. Lines, .

Longfellow, 80

13. The Peace Congress of the Union,

Sprague, 80

Everett, 48 54. The Pilot,

Bayly, 81

14. The Spirit of the Age,... Beckwith, 49 55. Death Typified by Winter, Thomson, 82

15. Moses in Sight of the Promised Land, 56. Religious Inducements, James, 83

Peabody, 50 57. Never Despair,

Lover, 84

16. Necessity of Law,

Hooker, 50 58. Charity,

Talfourd, 84

-17. Justice,

Carlyle, 51

59. The Battle-field,

Bryant, 85

18. To-morrow,

Cotton, 52 | 60. Dizzy Activities,

Everett, 86

19. Eloquence of Action,

Webster, 5:3 61. The Good Great Man, Coleridge, 87

20. Sincerity the Soul of Eloquence, Goethe, 53 02. Taxes,

Sydney Smith, 87

21. The Christian Orator, Villemain, 54 63. The Press,

Elliot, 88

22. Affectation in the Pulpit, . Couper, 55 04. Defence of Poetry,

Wolfe, . 89

23. Utility of History, . De Ségur, 56 65. Great Ideas,

Channing, 89

24. False Coloring lent to War, Chalmers, 57 66. England,

Elliot, 90

25. Death's Final Conquest, .. Shirley, 58 67. Hallowed Ground, . Campbell, 91

26. Religion,

Lamartine, 58 68. Nature Proclaims a Deity, Chateau-

27. The Saviour's Reply, .

Milton, 59

briand, 92

28. Nobility of Labor,

. Dewey, 60 69. What we owe the Sword, . Grimké, 92

29. Labor is Worship,

Os good, 61 70. Abou Ben Adhem,..

Hunt, 93

So. Moral and Physical Science, . Chapin, 62 71. Polunius to Laertes, Shakspeare, 94

31. The Order of Nature,

Pope, 63 72., Where is he,

Neele, 94

32. Future Empire of our Language, 73. International Sympathies, Wayland, 95

Bethune, 63 74. Worth of Fame,

Baillie, 96

33. Compensations of the Imagination, 75. Frivolous Pleasures,

Young, 97

Akenside, 64 76. Forgive,

Heber, 97

34. The Great Distinction of a Nation, 77. Science Religions, Hitchcock, 98

Channing, 65 78. Triumphs of the English Language,

35. What Makes a Hero,

· Taylor, 66

Lyons,

99

36. The Last Hours of Socrates, .:66 79. The Water Drinker, . E. Johnson, 99

37. To a Child,.

Yankee, 67 80. The Days that are Gone, Mackay, 100

38. America's Contributions, Verplanck, 68 81. The Work-shop and Camp,

101

39. The True King, .

Hunt, 69 82. The Wise Man's Prayer,.' Johnson, 102

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Id., 121

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Page

ANCIENT.

41. Reconciliation with America, Chatham, 201

1. Against Philip, . . . . Demosthenes, 159 43. Lord North's Ministry,

42. Repeal claimed as a Right,

Id., 202
2. Degeneracy of Athens,

Id., 203

Id., 160 45. On Employing Indians,

3. Democracy hateful to Philip, · · Id., 161 45. Ruinous Consequences,

Id., 204
4. Venality the Ruin of Greece, . Id., 162 46. America Unconquerable, .

Id., 205
5. Demosthenes Denounced, Æschines, 163 47. Frequent Executions,

Id., 206

6. Exordium, :::::

Meredith, 207

Demosthenes, 165

7. Public Spirit of Athenians, . : .

48. Parliamentary Innovations, Beaufoy, 208

Id., 166

8. Demosthenes not Vanquished, Id., 167 50. America's Obligations, .

49. Religious Persecution, . Compilation, 209

9. Catiline Denounced, .

Barré, 210

Cicero, 168 51. Reply to Lord North,

10. Catiline Expelled, .

Id., 169 52. Bold Predictions,

Id., 211

11. Terres Denounced,

Wilkes, 212

Id., 170 53. Conquest of Americans,

Id., 213

54. Reply to Duke of Grafton, Thurlow, 214

FROM THE FRENCH.

55. Present Popularity, Lord Mansfield, 214

12. Against the Nobility, &c., Mirabeau, 171 56. Magnanimity in Politics, Burke, 215

13. Necker's Financial Plan,
Id., 17257. American Enterprise,

Id., 216
14. Disobedience to National Assembly, Id., 173 58. American Taxation,

Id, 217
13. Reply, .
Id., 174 50. Despotism Unrighteous,

Id., 218

16. On being Suspected, .

Id., 175 60. Impeachment of Ilastings, Id., 219

17. Eulogium on Franklin,

Id. 177 61. Peroration against Hastings, Id., 220

15. Church and State,
Id., 177 62. To the Bristol Electors,

Id., 221
19. To the French, . . Vergniaud, 178 63. Marie Antoinette,

Id., 222

30. Terrorism of Jacobins, .

Id., 179 | 64. Irish Rights,

Grattan, 233

21. Against War, . Robespierre, 180 65. Reply to Flood,

Id., 224
22. Morality the Basis of Society, ld., 181 06. National Gratitude,

Id., 225
23. Last Speech,
Id., 18267. Catholic Disqualification,

Id., 226

24. To the Peers, .

. Trélat, 183 68. Heaven on the side of Principle, Id., 226

25. The Republic,

Lamartine, 185 69. Against Corry,

jd., 227

26. Democracy adverse to Socialism, De 70. Union with Great Britain, Id., 223

Tocqueville, 185 71. The Catholic Question,

Id., 229

27. Practical Religious Instruction, Hugo, 186 72. Religion Independent,

Id., 230

25. Necessity of Religion, .

Id., 187 73. Sectarian Tyranny,

Id., 231

29. Universal Saffrage,

Id., 188 74. American War Denounced, Pill, 232

30. Liberty of the Press,

Id., 189 | 75. Motion to Censure Ministry, Id., 232

31. A Republic or Monarchy, Id., 190 76. Attempt to make him Resign, Id., 233

32. The Two Napoleons,

Id., 191 77. Barbarism of Ancient Britons, Id., 234

78. Results of American War, For, 235

79. Washington's Foreign Policy,

Id., 236

BRITISH.

80. Liberty is Strength,

Id., 237

33. The End of Government, Pym, 132 81. Democratic Governments, Id., 233
34. Defence,
Earl of Strafford, 193 82. Partition of Poland,

Id., 239

35. Reducing the Army, Pulicney, 195 83. Atheist Government null, Sheridan, 240

36. Against Richard Cromwell, . Vane, 196 81. Political Jobbing,

Id., 241

37. How to make Patriots, . : . Walpole, 196 85. Popular and Kingly Examples, : Id., 211

38. Against Pitt (Earl of Chatham), · Id., 197 86. Reform in Parliament, . Lord Grey, 212

39. Reply to Walpole, Earl of Chatham, 198 87. Conservative Innovators, Hushisson, 243

40. Reply to Grenville, .

Id., 199 | 83. The Pension System, ... Curran, 244

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89. On Threats of Violence, Curran, 245 | 144. The Strongest Government, Jefferson, 297

90. Religious Distinctions,

Id., 246 145. Freedom of Judges, Bayard, 293

91. War with France, Canning, 246 146. Judiciary Act,

Morris, 299

92. Bank-notes and Coin,

Id., 247 147. Free Navigation,

Id., 300

93. Lord J. Russell's Motion, Id., 248 148. Foreign Conquest, Clinton, 301

94. Mr. Tierney's Motion,

Id., 249 149. Innovations,

Madison, 302

95. Defence of Pitt,

Id., 250 150. Party Intemperance, Gaston, 302

96. Measures, not Men,

Id., 251 151. The Embargo,

Quincy, 303

97. Balance of Power,

Id., 252 152. Disunion,

Pinkney, 304

93. Collision of Vices,

Id., 253 153. British Influence, J. Randolph, 305

99. England and America, Mackintosh, 254 154. Greek Question,

Id., 306
100. Fate of Reformers, . Brougham, 255 155. Virginia Constitution, .

Id., 307

101. Parliamentary Reform,

Id., 256 156. Against Duelling, . Compilation, 308

102. Religious Liberty, O'Connell, 257 157. The Declaration, J. Q. Adams, 309

103. Irish Disturbance Bill,

Id., 258 158. Washington's Sword, &c., Id., 310

104. The Death Penalty,

Byron, 259 159. Union with Liberty, Jackson, 311

105. Charges against Catholics, Sheil, 260 160. War,

Binney, 312

106. Irish Aliens,

Id., 261 161. The Supreme Court,

Id., 312

107. Irish Establishment,

Id., 262 162. U.S. Constitution,

Legaré, 913

103. Repeal of Union,

Id., 263 163. On Returning to the U. States, Id., 314

109. England's Misrule, .

Id., 264 164. In Favor of War, 1813, .

Clay, 315

110. Civil War, . Lord Palmerston, 265 165. Jefferson Defended,

Id., 316

111. Reform,

Lord J. Russell, 266 166. Military Insubordination, Id., 316

112. Irish Church,
Macaulay, 267 | 167. Noblest Public Virtue,

Id., 317

113. Hours of Labor,

Id., 268 168. Expunging Resolution,

Id., 318

114. Reform, to Preserve,

Id., 269 169. Independence of Greece, Id., 319

115. Men always fit to be Free, Id., 270 170. Prospect of War, . . Calhoun, 320

116. Second Bill of Rights,

Id., 270 171. The Force Bill,

Id., 321

117. Public Opinion, the Sword, Id., 271 172. Purse and Sword,

Id., 3:22
118. A Government should Grow, Id., 272 173. Liberty the Mecd,

Id., 323

119. Reform irresistible,

Id., 273 174. Popular Elections, Mc Duffie, 324

120. Reply to 119,

Croker, 275 175. Military Qualifications, . Sergeant, 325

1:21. Perils of Reform,

Id., 275 176. Opposition,

Webster, 326

1:22. Copyright,

Talfourd, 276 177. Moral Force,

Id., 327

1:23. Literary Property, .

Id., 277 178. Sympathy with South America, Id., 328

124. International Copyright, Id., 278 179. The Poor and Rich,

Id., 329
125. Legislative Union,
Peel, 279 180. Sudden Conversions, .

Id., 330
126. American Vessels,
Cobden, 280 181. Constitution Platform,

Id., 331

182. Resistance to Oppression,

Id., 332

183. Peaceable Secession,

Id., 333

AMERICAS.

184. Clay's Resolutions, .

Id., 333

127. Resistance,

Henry, 281 185. Justice to the Whole,

Id., 334

128. War inevitable,

Id., 282 186. Matches and Over-matches, Id., 335

129. Return of British Fugitives, Id., 283 187. 8. Carolina and Mass.,

Id., 336
130. Supposed Speech,
Otis, 284 188. Liberty and Union,

Id., 333

131. For Independence,

Lee, 285 189. Reply to Webster,

Hayne, 339

132. Federal Constitution, . Franklin, 286 190. The South in 1776,

Id., 310

133. God Governs,

Id., 237 191. The South in 1812,

Id., 341

131. For a Declaration,

Adams, 288 192. Defalcations,

Prentiss, 342

135. Conclusion of foregoing,

Id., 289 193. American Laborers, Naylor, 313

136. On Government,

Hamilton, 290 194. Fulton's Invention, Hoffman, 344

137. U.S. Constitution,

Id., 291 195. Sectional Services, . Cushing, 315

138. Aristocracy, .

Livingston, 292 196. National Hatreds,

Choate, 346

139. Extent of Country, Randolph, 293 | 197. Precedents,

Cass, 317

140. France and the U.S. . Washington, 294 198. On Intervention, J. Clemens, 348

141. Foreign Influence,

Id., 294 200. Inzards of Prosperity, W. R. Smith, 319

142. Sanctity of Treaties,

Ames, 295 201. Flogging in the Navy, . Stockton, 350

143. The British Treaty,

. Id., 296 | 202. Gov't Extravagance, Crillenden, 352

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PART FOURTH.

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