Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

Ah! well I knew that Mary,

council began thus : " The citizen Ternants and to call on me to say, whether I am a friend She had a tongue, she had a tongue. Once I had, &c. has delivered to me the letter, wherein you in to the French revolution, I would declare that

Tenche When spring is coming early,

form me, that yielding, &c. you had determined I have it in abhorrence.'' And skies are blue, and skies are blue;

to recal him from his mission, as your minister Coxe tells me, that a little before Hamilton And trees are budding fairly,

plenipotentiary to our republic. He had un- went out of office, or just as he was going out, And corn is new, and corn is new; What clouds the sunny morrow

derscored the words our republic.' He said, taking with him his last conversation; and, Of nature then, of nature then?

that certainly ours was a republican govern- among other things, on the subject of their And turns young hope to sorrow?

ment; but yet we had not used that style in differences, . For my part,' says he, ' I avow Oh, fickle men ! oh, fickle men! Once I had a true love,

this way; that if any body wanted to change myself a monarchist; I have no objection to a I loved him well, I loved him well;

its form into a monarchy, he was sure it was trial being made of this thing of a republic; But since he's found a new love, only a few individuals ; and that no man in but,' &c.

In conversation with Alone I dwell, alone I dwell."

the United States would set his face against it Baldwin, and Brown of Kentucky, Brown With these examples we consign the work to more than himself; but that this was not says, that in a private company once, consist. the applause of the public, and to the unques. what he was afraid of : his fears were from ing of Hamilton, King, Madison, himself, and tioned admiration of all the lovers of excellent another quarter ; that there was more danger some one else making a fifth, speaking of the fictions. It is at once entertaining and full of of anarchy being introduced. He adverted to federal government, Oh!' says Hamilton, judicious remarks upon the people of Ireland a piece in Freneau's paper of yesterday: he: say the federal monarchy; let us call things and many subjects of literature and importance said he despised all their attacks on him per- by their right names, for a monarchy it is."". which are connected with them : in short, it is sonally, but that there never had been an act In 1798, when Adams was president, Mr. a performance equally agreeable and instruc- of the government, not meaning in the execu- Jefferson relates, that in a conversation with tive. There is also much originality in Mr. tive line only, but in any line, which that him," he said that no republic could ever last Griffin's Tales ; he is no copyist of the com. paper had not abused. He had also marked which had not a senate ; and a senate deeply mon Irish characters

, but an able delineator of the word republic thus , where it was applied and strongly rooted, strong enough to bear up real manners.

to the French republic. He was evidently sore against all popular storms and passions; that

and warm ; and I took his intention to be, that he thought our senate as well constituted as it Jefferson's Memoirs and Correspondence. 8vo. I should interpose in some way with Freneau, could have been, being chosen by the legisla.

Vols. Ill. and IV. London, 1829. Col. perhaps withdraw his appointment of trans- tures—for if these could not support them, he burn and Bentley.

lating clerk to my office. But I will not do it. did not know what could do it ; tbat perhaps The two concluding volumes of this valuable His paper has saved our constitution, which it might have been as well for them to be contribution to the history of an important was gallopping fast into monarchy, and has chosen by the state at large, as that would period have just appeared, and continue to be been checked by no one means so powerfully as insure a choice of distinguished men, since as attractive as the two which preceded them. by that paper. It is well and universally known, none but such could be known to a whole Volume III. resumes the correspondence of that it has been that paper which has checked people ; that the only fault in our senate was, Mr. Jefferson during his residence at Paris at the career of the monocrats; and the President, that it was not durable enough ; that hitherto the sanguinary times of the French Revolu- not sensible of the designs of the party, has not, it had behaved very well ; however, he was tion (commencing with a letter to Mr. Jay, with his usual good sense and sang froid, looked afraid they would give way in the end. That July 19th, 1789); and his unvarnished, though on the efforts and effects of this free press, and as to trusting to a popular assembly for the prefavouring, accounts of the atrocities committed seen that, though some bad things have passed servation of our liberties, it was the merest before his eyes, convey the most horrible ideas through it to the public, yet the good have chimera imaginable ; they never had any rule of those diabolical transactions. But we avoid preponderated immensely."

of decision but their own will; that he would political topics; and for this reason also abstain In August this subject is revived by another as lief be again in the hands of our old comfrom similar discussions in the ensuing letters, attack.

mittees of safety, who made the law, and exe. written by Mr. Secretary Jefferson, at New “ Knox, in a foolish, incoherent sort of a cuted it at the same time; that it had been York, Philadelphia, &c. 1790, 1, 2, 3, 4, and speech, introduced the pasquinade lately printed, observed by some writer (I forget whom he subsequent years. Our extracts, therefore, called the funeral of George W—n and James named), that anarchy did more mischief in one must be miscellaneous, and less calculated to W-n, king and judge, &c., where the Presi- night than tyranny in an age; and that in afford an accurate idea of the work than if we dent was placed on a guillotine. The President modern times we might say with truth, that went into its more prominent features. was much inflamed, got into one of those pas in France anarchy had done more harm in one

“ February 16th, 1793. E. Randolph tells sions when he cannot command himself ; ran night than all the despotism of their kings J. Madison aud myself a curious fact, which on much on the personal abuse which had been had ever done in twenty or thirty years." he had from Lear. When the President went bestowed on him ; defied any man on earth to The following bon-mot and anecdote relate to New York, he resisted for three weeks the produce one single act of his since he had been to the same person :efforts to introduce levees. At length he in the government, which was not done on the “ At a dinner given by the bar to the yielded, and left it to Humphreys, and some purest motives ; that he had never repented federal judges Chase and Peters, present about others, to settle the forms. Accordingly, an but once the having slipped the moment of re- twenty-four lawyers, and William Tilghman antechamber and presence-room were pro- signing his office, and that was every moment in the chair, this toast was given, 'Our king vided; and when those who were to pay their since; that, by God, he had rather be in his in old England.' Observe the double entendre court were assembled, the President set out, grave than in his present situation ; that he on the word king.

In a conversapreceded by Humphreys. After passing through had rather be on his farm than to be made em- tion between Doctor Ewen and the President, the antechamber, the door of the inner room peror of the world; and yet that they were the former said one of his sons was an aristowas thrown open, and Humphreys entered charging him with wanting to be a king. That crat, the other a democrat. The President first, calling out with a loud voice, the Pre- that rascal Freneau sent him three of his asked if it was not the youngest who was the sident of the United States.' The President papers every day, as if he thought he would democrat? Yes,' said Ewen. Well,' said was so much disconcerted with it, that he did become the distributor of his papers ; that he the President, • a boy of fifteen who is not a not recover it the whole time of the levee ; could see in this nothing but an impudent de democrat is good for nothing; and he is no and when the company was gone, he said to sign to insult him: he ended in this high better who a democrat at twenty.'". Humphreys, “Well, you have taken me in tone. There was a pause. Some difficulty in A short space for so great a change !! once, but, by God, you shall never take me in resuming our question; it was, however, after Another story of infant etiquette in making a second time.'

a little while, presented again, and he said states. The importance of a free press is put in a there seemed to be no necessity for deciding it “ June 10th, 1793. Mr. Brown gives me strong light by the annexed : now."

the following specimen of the frenzy which “ May 23d. I bad sent to the President So that even thus early there were great dif- prevailed at New York on the opening of the yesterday draughts of a letter from him to the ferences between republican Washington and new government. The first public ball which Provisary Executive Council of France, and of republican Jefferson, both presidents of the took place after the President's arrival there, one from myself to Mr. Ternant, both on the New World.

Colonel Humphreys, Colonel W. S. Smith, occasion of his recal. I called on him to-day. Hamilton was almost, if not entirely, mo. and Mrs. Knox, were to arrange the cere. He said there was an expression in one of narchical ; for, says our author :

monials. These arrangements were as folthem, which he had never before seen in any “ E. Randolph tells me, that Hamilton, in low:- a sofa at the head of the room, raised of our public communications, to wit, • our conversation with him yesterday, said, “Sir, if on several steps, whereon the President and republic. The letter prepared for him to the all the people in America were now assembled, Mrs. Washington were to be seated. The

dir

[ocr errors]
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

for which, not the tenants of the air, but the of a manner and appearance very different from triot, and you have set others down that air itself, has been laid under tribute. The that of Mr. Damer. He was tall and well thwarted you, and you hope to be a great man magnificently gilded covers of a quarto edition proportioned, dressed very plainly, with a red, some day or another. And on the score of of Henry's Bible lay on his right hand, re- laughing countenance, and two large black your own darling passion, the study of human flecting the light of four wax candles, which eyes, which seemed to be always rambling in nature, what say you ? This is a kind of ana. were supported in candlesticks of massive sil- search of amusement. · Well, Damer,' said tomy you cannot study without subjects. The ver, richly carved. A solid and elegant side- Mr. Leonard, the gentleman just described, more men you know, the more you'll know of baard was loaded with all the splendours of the I totally disagree with you in every one of their nature. But I have got one subject family plate and glass. On a secretaire, at a your plans. I think you will do no service continually within my reach, and which I can little distance from the table, were placed a whatever to the peasantry, I think you do not dissect at will,' said Francis, laying his finger quantity of books in plain dark binding, and understand them sufficiently. (Mr. Damer over his heart. · Did Jean Jacques Rousseau—' stamped on the covers with the impress of the smiled.) I think though they are ignorant. The wretch, the quack, the hypocrite, the Society for the diffusion of Christian Know. and naked (poor fellows !), and Papists to boot, knave, the coward! You make my blood tingle ledge. In a corner, less brilliantly illumined, they have as fair a chance of going to heaven to my fingers' ends to hear him named.' the eye of the curious observer might detect a as the best of ourselves; that is my idea, poor Well, well, he knew the heart, however,' parcel of small pamphlets, stitched in blue devils ! even though they do break out now said Francis, smiling at her energy; and did corers

, and bearing on their title-pages the and then; human nature is human nature; he find it necessary to expose himself to the various denominations of “ The Dairyman's and my idea is, that all the funds and sub. dangers of collision with the mob of men ? He Dangbter,' “ The Conversion of Timothy De- scriptions in the world will not get half a laid his own heart bare, and found it a mirror lany from the Errors of the Church of Rome,' dozen more souls into heaven than were on of the whole species. Who knew more of the * The Lough Derg Pilgrim, a Tale,' 'Father their way before. Half a dozen is the out- heart than Massillon ? and yet every body was Clement, a Roman Catholic story,' and many side.' And would not the salvation of one,' surprised where a quiet priest could have found ether productions of a similar tendency. There said Mr. Damer, lifting the cote roti to his such extensive opportunities of observation. was something in the air of the whole apart. lips, be worth the whole cost, and all the But what says D'Alembert to that? Massillon ment that was calenlated to impress the be- exertions of the Society together? • Be worth painted all his splendid gallery of sinners and of bolder with an instantaneous conviction of the sixty thousand a year?' Sixty million!' saints—his magnificent portrait of the true wealth, the self-contentedness, and the piety of Besides the bickerings and heartburnings Christian_his appalling picture of the infidel the owner. It had little of mere fashion, but that have broken up the frame of society in his lukewarm devotee-his false penitent-a great deal of that species of luxury which in our country, the division of families, the his Mary Magdalen_his sensualist-all from England is denominated comfort, and in Ire. sundering of early attachments, the fomenta- the same original, all from the close study of land falls little short of magnificence. The tion of civil disunion, and the diffusion of his own single heart; and yet so true to the person of the proprietor was entirely in cha- all uncharitableness in private life? My idea life, that there breathes no soul in human form racter, or, in the cant of connoisseurs, in keep- is, that for the one soul we save by this busi- that may not find itself reflected in his pages as ing with his possessions. His hair was short ness, we lose fifty.' · For shame, Tom,' said in a faultless mirror.' I read none of your and sleek, his head round as a bullet, his face Mrs. Damer, you are growing worse and papistical sermons,' said Esther ; “ but friend påump and peachy, his eyes meek and sancti- worse every day! I don't pretend to any D'Alembert, and the other eulogists of that Dorions, with a little spark of earthly fire, great sanctity,' said Leonard. - You, my fair French priest, have overlooked one circum. (the result of some harmless and habitual self- and fat and sanctimonious sister, know me a stance that might have lessened their wonder indulgence,) gleaming unsteadily through the long time, and know me to be a blunt plain as to the source of his knowledge.' " And what paril, like the pæta of the Venus Erycina. fellow, that thinks he does his duty when he was that, I pray you ?' • The confessional.' Ha legs, shining in black silk, were crossed, so takes care of his neighbour's body, and leaves Esther,' said Francis, after bending his eyes 23 to expose the calf to the influence of a his soul between him and his Creator. There on her for a moment in silence, you have ebeerful coal-fire, and a bunch of fine gold is the difference between us. Damer is as struck me dumb,' • You were dumb already. seals reposed on an incipient paunch. No honest a fellow as any body, but his charity all I had rather strike you talkative. If you hope ollar, starched and impudent, obscured the evaporates in smoke. If I find a poor fellow to write a good book, or to be a great orator, Bushing rotundity of his beardless jaws; a starving on my estate, why (Heaven forgive you must talk with all, listen with all, and malin cravat, of the purest white, alone en- me !) I think I do my duty when I send him a learn to please all. Put Jean Jacques ont of eiched bis short neck-for he had the good taste leg of mutton, and make him an abatement; your head. What has all his moping availed o sit in full dress to his wine. Thus cushioned while Damer smothers him with books and him but to win the admiration of all the mor

the zephyrs, not in the poetical, but the Bibles, and I don't know what. Here's my bid sentimentalists in Europe ?-to crown him practical, sense of the phrase, sipping his cote idea. "Give the people bread, and they'll find king of the day dreamers? But that stageeti

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

, and glancing occasionally, while the con- out piety themselves : make them prosperous, playing fellow near you used his eyes and ears
Fensation proceeded, at the columns of a Dublin and you may be sure they will grow virtuous as well as his imagination ; and what has been
daily paper, sat Mr. Kirwan Damer, the owner without much labour. But hunger and cold his recompense ? Universal empire.'
this mansion, and of the adjoining estate of are the sorriest Martexts in the world." » In conclusion, we must quote some of the
Glendearg, in the county above intimated. To There is much acuteness and spirit in a dia- very pretty poetry with which these volumes
heighten the domestic picture, in a lounger, on logue between one of the heroes and heroines ; are adorned.
the opposite side of the fire-place, sat Mrs. Da- but we can only give a snatch of it. The lover

“ You never bade me hope 'tis true,
mer, as well conditioned as her husband, dressed is being reproved by his young mistress for bis I asked you not to swear;
like him in black, with a trim cap of white too common contempt of general society.

But I looked in those eyes of blue,
mudin surrounding her fair and full and 66 + I will be candid, Esther. There are many

And read a promise there. rather languid countenance. The lady, too, among them that I think hardly worth the pain's The vow should bind with maiden sighs was reading. But that we have already suf- of pleasing.' “ There you are very wrong again,

That maidan lips have spoken

But that which looks from maiden eyes
fered the names to escape us, the reader might Francis,' said Esther with considerable warmth ; Should last of all be broken!"
appose that we were describing a wealthy you are bound to love them all, the poor and
erre and his belpmate, in their handsome rich, the mean and the noble, the dull no less « Once I had a true love,
parlou at the Glebe. He would be, however, than the gifted, the vicious as well as the holy.
tails in error. Mr. Damer was merely an The dullest man you meet does his utmost to

Alone I dwell, alone I duell.
brish country gentleman of our own time. The please you, and you should do as much by him.
March has vanished, the Canfinny is forgotten, What book is that near you with the leaf turned

How oft we've wandered lonely,
the chiefs of their race are no more regarded, down? A volume of Shakespeare.'

Through yon old glen, through yon old glen; · And

I was his treasure only,
le duelist, the drunkard, the libertine, and what says that stage-playing fellow? Does he

And true love then, and true love then:
the railer
, have all been exiled from the pale not bid you use men better than they deserve,

But Mary's singing brought me

To sigh all day, to sigh all day;
of Irish society, or compelled to wear their for the lesser their desert the greater is your Oh, had my mother taught me
vices in a veil." 'A class of men has succeeded, merit in using them well ? On the score of To sirg and play, to sing and play!
to which sea those who have an interest in its Christianity, Esther-nay, on the score of ino-

Once I had, &c.
Thication must accord a preference. Those rals—1 plead guilty ; but I never set up for a

By lone Glencree at even,

I passed him late, I passed him late;

A glance just sidelong given
dezid know the Dancers. On the other side speech. And on the score of patriotism, what
- the table, near Mrs. Damer, sat a gentleman I say you ? You have set yourself up for'a pa-

His step no longer airy,

His head it hung, his head it hung;

so i bará

ifend

FITT

I loved him well, I loved him well;
But since he's found a new love,

Told all his fate, told all his fate:

Ah! well I knew that Mary,

council began thus : The citizen Ternant and to call on me to say, whether I am a friend She had a tongue, she had a tongue. Once I had, &c. has delivered to me the letter, wherein you in to the French revolution, I would declare that

Tenche When spring is coming early,

form me, that yielding, &c. you had determined I have it in abhorrence.' And skies are blue, and skies are blue;

to recal him from his mission, as your minister Coxe tells me, that a little before Hamilton And trees are budding fairly,

plenipotentiary to our republic. He had un- went out of office, or just as he was going out, And corn is new, and corn is new; What clouds the sunny morrow

derscored the words our republic.' He said, taking with him his last conversation; and, Of nature then, of nature then?

that certainly ours was a republican govern- among other things, on the subject of their And turns young hope to sorrow?

ment; but yet we had not used that style in differences, “For my part,' says he, I avow Oh, fickle men! oh, fickle men!

this way: that if any body wanted to change myself a monarchist; I have no objection to a Once I had a true love, I loved him well, I loved him well;

its form into a monarchy, he was sure it was trial being made of this thing of a republic ; But since he's found a new love, only a few individuals ; and that no man in but,' &c.

In conversation with Alone I dwell, alone I dwell."

the United States would set his face against it Baldwin, and Brown of Kentucky, Brown With these examples we consign the work to more than himself; but that this was not says, that in a private company once, consist. the applause of the public, and to the unques- what he was afraid of : his fears were from ing of Hamilton, King, Madison, himself, and tioned admiration of all the lovers of excellent another quarter ; that there was more danger some one else making a fifth, speaking of the fictions. It is at once entertaining and full of of anarchy being introduced. He adverted to federal government,” Oh!' says Hamilton, judicious remarks upon the people of Ireland a piece in Freneau's paper of yesterday: he say the federal monarchy; let us call things and many subjects of literature and importance said he despised all their attacks on him per- by their right names, for a monarchy it is."" which are connected with them: in short, it is sonally, but that there never had been an act In 1798, when Adams was president, Mr. a performance equally agreeable and instruc- of the government, not meaning in the execu- Jefferson relates, that in a conversation with tive. There is also much originality, in Mr. tive line only, but in any line, which that him," he said that no republic could ever last Griffin's Tales; he is no copyist of the com- paper had not abused. He had also marked which had not a senate; and a senate deeply mon Irish characters, but an able delineator of the word republic thus V, where it was applied and strongly rooted, strong enough to bear up real manners.

to the French republic. He was evidently sore against all popular storms and passions; that

and warm ; and I took his intention to be, that he thought our senate as well constituted as it Jefferson's Memoirs and Correspondence. 8vo. I should interpose in some way with Freneau, could have been, being chosen by the legisla.

Vols. Ill. and IV. London, 1829. Col- perhaps withdraw his appointment of trans- tures—for if these could not support them, he burn and Bentley.

lating clerk to my office. But I will not do it. did not know what could do it; that perhaps The two concluding volumes of this valuable His paper has saved our constitution, which it might have been as well for them to be contribution to the history of an important was gallopping fast into monarchy, and has chosen by the state at large, as that would period have just appeared, and continue to be been checked by no one means so poiverfully as insure a choice of distinguished men, since as attractive as the two which preceded them. by that paper. It is well and universally known, none but such could be known to a whole Volume III. resumes the correspondence of that it has been that paper which has checked people ; that the only fault in our senate was, Mr. Jefferson during his residence at Paris at the career of the monocrats; and the President, that it was not durable enough ; that hitherto the sanguinary times of the French Revolu- not sensible of the designs of the party, has not, it had behaved very well; however, he was tion (commencing with a letter to Mr. Jay, with his usual good sense and sang froid, looked afraid they would give way in the end. That July 19th, 1789); and his unvarnished, though on the efforts and effects of this free press, and as to trusting to a popular assembly for the prefavouring, accounts of the atrocities committed seen that, though some bad things have passed servation of our liberties, it was the merest before his eyes, convey the most horrible ideas through it to the public, yet the good have chimera imaginable ; they never had any rule of those diabolical transactions. But we avoid preponderated immensely."

of decision but their own will; that he would political topics ; and for this reason also abstain In August this subject is revived by another as lief be again in the hands of our old com. from similar discussions in the ensuing letters, attack.

mittees of safety, who made the law, and exe. written by Mr. Secretary Jefferson, at New “ Knox, in a foolish, incoherent sort of a cuted it at the same time; that it had been York, Philadelphia, &c. 1790, 1, 2, 3, 4, and speech, introduced the pasquinade lately printed, observed by some writer (I forget whom he subsequent years. Our extracts, therefore, called the funeral of George Wến and James named), that anarchy did more mischief in one must be miscellaneous, and less calculated to W-n, king and judge, &c., where the Presi- night than tyranny in an age; and that in afford an accurate idea of the work than if we dent was placed on a guillotine. The President modern times we might say with truth, that went into its more prominent features. was much inflamed, got into one of those pas in France anarchy had done more harm in one

“ February 16th, 1793. E. Randolph tells sions when he cannot command himself ; ran night than all the despotism of their kings J. Madison aud myself a curious fact, which on much on the personal abuse which had been had ever done in twenty or thirty years." he had from Lear. When the President went bestowed on him ; defied any man on earth to The following bon-mot and anecdote relate to New York, he resisted for three weeks the produce one single act of his since he had been to the same person :efforts to introduce levees. At length he in the government, which was not done on the “ At a dinner given by the bar to the yielded, and left it to Humphreys, and come purest motives ; that he had never repented federal judges Chase and Peters, present about others, to settle the forms. Accordingly, an but once the having slipped the moment of re- twenty-four lawyers, and William Tilghman antechamber and presence-room were pro- signing his office, and that was every moment in the chair, this toast was given, “ Our king vided ; and when those who were to pay their since; that, by God, he had rather be in his in old England.' Observe the double entendre court were assembled, the President set out, grave than in his present situation ; that he on the word king.

In a conversapreceded by Humphreys. After passing through had rather be on his farm than to be made em. tion between Doctor Ewen and the President, the antechamber, the door of the inner room peror of the world; and yet that they were the former said one of his sons was an aristowas thrown open, and Humphreys entered charging him with wanting to be a king. That crat, the other a democrat. The President first, calling out with a loud voice, the Pre- that rascal Freneau sent him three of his asked if it was not the youngest who was the sident of the United States.' The President papers every day, as if he thought he would democrat ? Yes,' said Ewen. “Well,' said was so much disconcerted with it, that he did become the distributor of his papers ; that he the President, a boy of fifteen who is not a not recover it the whole time of the levee ; could see in this nothing but an impudent de- democrat is good for nothing; and he is no and when the company was gone, he said to sign to insult him: he ended in this high better who is a democrat at twenty." Humphreys, We

Well, you have taken me in tone. There was a pause. Some difficulty in A short space for so great a change !! once, but, by God, you shall never take me in resuming our question; it was, however, after Another story of infant etiquette in making a second time.""

a little while, presented again, and he said states. The importance of a free press is put in a there seemed to be no necessity for deciding it “ June 10th, 1793. Mr. Brown gives me strong light by the annexed : now."

the following specimen of the frenzy which “ May 23d. I had sent to the President So that even thus early there were great dif- prevailed at New York on the opening of the yesterday draughts of a letter from him to the ferences between republican Washington and new government. The first public ball which Provisary Executive Council of France, and of republican Jefferson, both presidents of the took place after the President's arrival there, one from myself to Mr. Ternant, both on the New World.

Colonel Humphreys, Colonel W. S. Smith, occasion of his recal. I called on him to-day. Hamilton was almost, if not entirely, mo. and Mrs. Knox, were to arrange the cereHe said there was an expression in one of narchical ; for, says our author :

monials. These arrangements were as folthem, which he had never before seen in any “ E. Randolph tells me, that Hamilton, in low:- a sofa at the head of the room, raised of our public communications, to wit, • our conversation with him yesterday, said, “Sir, if on several steps, whereon the President and republic, The letter prepared for him to the all the people in America were now assembled, I Mrs. Washington were to be seated. The

ments.

to dislodge or to kill them. When the effluvium gular circumstance in the operations of our in the ground by dry weather, where they of turpentine, however, reaches the caterpillar, little architect, which seems to have escaped chirp as merrily as in the snuggest chimney Bennet says it falls into convulsions, becomes the minute and accurate attention of Réaumur. corner. Whether they ever dig retreats in corered with livid blotches, and dies. The When it commenced its structure, it was indis- such circumstances, we have not ascertained ; Drieber insect takes care to deposit her eggs on pensable to lay a foundation for the walls about, though it is not improbable they may do so for or rear such substances as she instinctively to be reared; but as the tent was to be mov- the purpose of making nests. M. Bory St. foreknows will be best adapted for the food of able like the shell of a snail, and not stationary, Vincent tells us, that the Spaniards are so fond the young, taking care to distribute them so it would not have answered its end to cement of crickets that they keep them in cages like that there may be a plentiful supply and enough the foundation to the wall. We had foreseen singing birds. of room for each. We have found, for example, this difficulty, and felt not a little interested in " The field cricket, another of this family, some of those caterpillars feeding upon the discovering how it would be got over. Accord - burrows in the ground, in which it lodges ali shreds of cloth used in training wall-fruit trees; ingly, upon watching its movements with some day, and comes out chiefly about sunset to bat we never saw more than two caterpillars attention, we were soon gratified to perceive pipe its evening song. It is so very shy and et one shred. This scattering of the eggs in that it used its own body as the primary sup- cautious, however, that it is by no means easy many places, renders the effects of the cater- port of the building. It fixed a thread of silk to discover either the insect or its burrow. pilars more injurious, from their attacking upon one of its right feet, warped it over to the · The children in France amuse themselves many parts of a garment or piece of stuff at corresponding left foot, and upon the thread with hunting after the field-cricket; they put the same time. When one of the caterpillars thus stretched between the two feet, it glued into its hole an ant fastened by a long hair, of this famy issues from the egg, its first care grains of stone and chips of lichen, till the wall and as they draw it out, the cricket does not is to provid. itself with a domicile, which, indeed, was of the required thickness. Upon this, as a fail to pursue it, and issue from its retreat. seems no les indispensable to it than food; for, foundation, it continued to work till it had Pliny informs us it might be captured in a like all caterpillars that feed under cover, it formed a small portion in form of a parallelo- much more expeditious and easy manner. If, will not eat while it remains unprotected. Its gram; and, proceeding in a similar way, it for instance, a small and slender piece of stick Dode of building is very similar to that which was not long in making a ring a very little were to be thrust into the burrow, the insect, is employed by other caterpillars that make wider than sufficient to admit its body. 'It ex- he says, would immediately get upon it for the tle of extraneous materials. The foundation tended this ring in breadth, by working on the purpose of demanding the occasion of the inut frame-work is made of silk secreted by itself, inside only, narrowing the diameter by degrees, trusion : whence arose the proverb stultior grillo and into this it interweaves portions of the till it began to take the form of a cone. The (more foolish than a cricket), applied to one material upon which it feeds."

apex of this cone was not closed up, but left as who, upon light grounds, provokes his enemy, of tent-builders the following are curious an aperture through which to eject its excre- and falls into the snares which might have been particulars :

It is worthy of remark, that one of laid to entrap him.'“We have just discovered (Nov. 4th, 1829), the caterpillars which we deprived of its tent, Again :span the nettle, a tent of a very singular ap- attempted to save itself the trouble of building “ A more laborious task is performed by an prarance, in consequence of the materials of a new one, by endeavouring to unhouse one of insect by no means uncommon in Britain, the which it is made. The caterpillar seems, in- its neighbours. For this purpose, it got upon burying beetle (Necrophorus vespillo), which deeds to have proceeded exactly in the same the outside of the inhabited tent, and sliding may be easily recognised by its longish body, samer as those which we have described, its head down to the entrance, tried to make of a black colour, with two broad and irrening first between the two membranes of the its way into the interior. But the rightful gularly indented bands of yellowish brown. A leat, and then uniting these and cutting out owner did not choose to give up his premises so foreign naturalist, M. Gleditsch, gives a very his tert. But the tent itself looks singular easily; and fixed his tent down so firmly upon interesting account of its industry. He had from being all over studded with the stinging the table where we had placed it, that the in- often remarked that dead moles, when laid bristles of the nettle, and forming a no less truder was forced to abandon his attempt. The upon the ground, especially if u pon loose earth, formidable coat of mail to the little inhabitant instant, however, that the other uninoored his were almost sure to disappear in the course of han the spiny hide of the hedgehog. In feed- tent and began to move about, the invader re- two or three days, often of twelve hours. To ang, it does not seem to have mined into the newed his efforts to eject him, persevering in ascertain the cause, he placed a mole upon one auf, but to have eaten the whole of the lower the struggle for several hours, but without a of the beds in his garden. It had vanished by Bernbrane, along with the entire pulp, leaving chance of success. At one time, we imagined the third morning ; and on digging where it Exthing but the upper membrane untouched." that he would have accomplished his felonious had been laid, he found it buried to the depth

** In June, 1829, we found a numerous en- intentions ; for he bound down the apex of the of three inches, and under it four beetles, ampment of the tent-building caterpillars de- tent to the table with cables of silk. But he which seemed to have been the agents in this cribed by MM. de la Voye and Réaumur, on attempted his entrance at the wrong end. He singular inhumation. Not perceiving any thing the brick wall of a garden at Blackheath, Kent. ought to have tried the aperture in the apex, by particular in the mole, he buried it again; and They were 80 very small, however, and so like enlarging which a little he would undoubtedly on examining it at the end of six days, he the licben on the wall, that, had not our atten. have made good his entrance; and as the inha- found it swarming with maggots, apparently the Einn been previously directed to their habits, bitant could not have turned upon him for issue of the beetles, which M. Gleditsch now Te should have considered them as portions of want of room, the castle must have been sur- naturally concluded had buried the carcass for te wall; for not one of them was in motion, rendered. This experiment, however, was not the food of their future young. To determine and it was only by the neat, turbinated, co- tried, and there was no hope for him at the these points more clearly, he put four of these rol form in which they had constructed their main entrance.”

insects into a glass vessel, half filled with earth habitations, that we detected them. We tried The account of our cheerful and familiar and properly secured, and, upon the surface of the experiment above mentioned, of ejecting friend the cricket affords another brief but in the earth, 'two frogs. In less than twelve me of the caterpillars from its tent, in order teresting quotation :

hours one of the frogs was interred by two of 103 watch its proceedings when constructing " The house-cricket (Acheta domestica) is the beetles, the other two ran about the whole another; but probably its baste to procure well known for its habit of picking out the day, as if busied in measuring the dimensions ebelter, or the artificial circumstances into mortar of ovens and kitchen fire-places, where of the remaining corpse, which on the third which it was thrown, influenced its operations, it not only enjoys warmth, but can procure day was also found buried. He then introfor it did not form so good a tent as the first, | abundance of food. It is usually supposed that duced a dead linnet. A pair of the beetles the texture of the walls being much slighter, it feeds on bread. M. Latreille says it only were soon engaged upon the bird. They bewhile it was more rounded at the apex, and of eats insects, and it certainly thrives well in gan their operations by pushing out the earth frare not so elegant. Réaumur found, in all houses infested by the cock-roach ; but we from under the body, so as to form a cavity for das similar experiments, that the new structure have also known it'eat and destroy lamb's-wool its reception ; and it was curious to see the squalled the old; but most of the trials of this stockings, and other woollen stuits, hung near efforts which the beetles made, by dragging at kand which we have made correspond with the a fire to dry. It is evidently not fond of hard the feathers of the bird from below, to pull it inferiority which we have here recorded. The labour, but prefers those places where the into its grave. The male, having driven the process indeed is the same, but it seems to be mortar is already loosened, or at least is new, female away, continued the work alone for five done with more hurry and less care. It may soft, and easily scooped out; and in this way it hours. He lifted up the bird, changed its le, indeed, in some cases, that the supply of will dig covert ways from room to room. In place, turned it and arranged it in the grave, wili necessary to anite the bits of stone, earth, summer, crickets often make excursions from and from time to time came out of the hole, or lichen employed, is too scanty for perfecting the house to the neighbouring fields, and dwell mounted upon it

, and trod it under foot, and a second structure. We remarked a very sin. in the crevices of rubbish, or the cracks made then retired below, and pulled it down. At

the castle of Dunalong. The captain and crew | painted by Cooper, and as well engraved by discovered it, as he has done a multitude of expressed gratitude for their deliverance, and Raddon, enhance its value. We find only one valuable documents, in the State Paper Office; Gilly Duff increased it by inviting them to the new note ; in which Sir W. Scott, speaking of and the kind attentions paid by Mr. Peel, castle, where, he said, the fire of hospitality the elfin traditions peculiar to the wild scenery amid all the weighty affairs of politics, to the was never out on his father's hearth. The where the Avon-Dhu, or River Forth, has its interests of literature - one of the noblest captain and his wearied mariners gladly ac- birth, observes, that the opinions entertained chaplets with which a minister can bind his cepted the invitation, and enjoyed the food and about these beings are much the same with brow. festivity of Sir Fineen O'Driscol, till, sunk in those of the Irish, so exquisitely well narrated sleep and wine, they left their vessel to her by. Mr. Crofton Croker; and he continues- The Library of Entertaining Knowledge. fate. They were instantly clapt in irons, the “ An eminently beautiful little conical hill, Vol. III. Part II. Insect Architecture. galleys of Gilly Duff boarded the vessel, and near the eastern extremity of the valley of London, 1829. C. Knight. before morning every pipe of wine which she Abertoil, is supposed to be one of their peculiar This new Part is truly deserving of its title, contained was stored in the vaults of the castle, haunts, and is the scene which awakens, in for it conveys much entertaining knowledge or the cellars of the adjoining Franciscan con- Andrew Fairservice, the terror of their power. while it pursues the interesting exposition of vent. When the merchants of Waterford re-It is remarkable that two successive clergymen insect architecture, certainly one of the most ceived intelligence of this act of piracy, they of the parish of Aberfoil have employed them- curious branches of entomological inquiry. As equipped a well-armed vessel, which sailed on selves in writing about this fairy superstition. in the preceding Part, the subject is most ably the 3d of March for Baltimore, under the com- The eldest of these was Robert Kirke, a man treated; and the multitude of wood engravings mand of Captain Dobbyn ; wlio coming up sud. of some talents, who translated the Psalms render the study of these extraordinary creadenly with the Santa Clara, boarded her on into Gaelic verse. He had formerly been mi.. tures in all their wonderful ways as obvious as one side, while Gilly Duff with his men fied nister at the neighbouring parish of Balquid- it is interesting. We could not open a page out at the other : and after firing several guns der, and died at Aberfoil in 1688, at the early any where without falling upon extracts to at the castle, Dobbyn brought off his prize. age of forty-two. He was author of the Se- justify this high opinion; but as the generality But this was not a sufficient satisfaction to the cret Commonwealth, which was printed after of our readers will probably procure the work Waterford merchants for the insult and injury his death, in 1691-an edition which I have itself, we shall confine our examples to those which they had sustained; they, therefore, fitted never seen—and was reprinted in Edinburgh, limits which will, we trust, sufficiently illusout a squadron of three ships, well appointed 1815. This is a work concerning the fairy trate its general character, without occupying and victualled, and manned by four hundred people, in whose existence Mr. Kirke appears so large a proportion of our page as we should men, which sailed for Baltimore, under the to have been a devout believer. He describes otherwise be tempted to allot to its merits. The command of Captains Woodlock and Dobbyn. them with the usual powers and qualities very first page is a fair specimen : the chapter Sir l'ineen O'Driscol and the inmates of Duna- ascribed to such beings in Highland tradition. treats of the clothes-moth and other tent-making long castle were still carousing over the Spanish But what is sufficiently singular, the Rev. caterpillars; and the writer says: " There are wines, when at day-dawn, on a fine April morn- Robert Kirke, author of the said treatise, is at least five different species of moths similar ing, the watch-tower bell gave notice that a believed himself to have been taken away by in manners and economy, the caterpillars of hosiile squadron was in sight, and in a few the fairies, in revenge, perhaps, for having let which feed upon animal substances, such as minutes they cast anchor before the castle. in too much light upon the secrets of their furs, woollen cloths, silk, leather, and, what The battlements were instantly manned, and commonwealth. We learn this catastrophe to the naturalist is no less vexing, uppn the all the artillery of the fortress opened its fire from the information of his successor, the late specimens of insects and other animals preon the ships : but this was answered with such amiable and learned Dr. Patrick Grahame, served in his cabinet. The moths in question effect by Woodlock's little squadron, that a also minister at Aberfoil, who, in his Sketches are of the family named Tinea by entomolobreach was speedily made; and the Waterford- of Perthshire, has not forgotten to touch upon gists, such as the tapestry moth ( T'inea tapet. ians, led on by Lieut. Grant, rushed to the the Daoine Shie, or men of peace. The Rev. zella), the fur moth (Tinea pellionella), the storm with a resolution that proved irresistible Robert Kirke was, it seems, walking upon a wool moth (Tinea vestianella), the cabinet -forced the barbacan, burst into the castle, little eminence to the west of the present moth (Tinea destructor, Stephens), &c. The and hoisted St. George's standard on the top of manse, which is still held a Dun Shie, or moths themselves are, in the winged state, the tower. Sir Fineen O'Driscol had already fairy mound, when he sunk down, in what small

, and well fitted for making their way made his escape to Dunboy; but Gilly Duff, seemed to mortals a fit, and was supposed to through the most minute hole or chink, so that it perceiving that all was lost, resolved to perish be dead. This, however, was not his real fate. is scarcely possible to exclude them by the close. in the ruins of the castle. Seizing a flaming Mr. Kirke was the near relation of Graham ness of a wardrobe or a cabinet. If they canbrand, he applied it to a powder barrel, and of Duchray, the ancestor of the present Ge- not effect an entrance when a drawer is out, or both victors and vanquished were instantly neral Graham Stirling. Shortly after his fu- a door open, they will contrive to glide through launched into eternity. Grant alone stood un neral, he appeared in the dress in which he the key-hole; and if they once get in, it is no injured, in a recess of one of the tower win. had sunk down, to a medical relation of his easy matter to dislodge or destroy them, for dows, while the flames were crackling around, own, and of Duchray. "Go,' said he to him, they are exceedingly agile, and escape out of and burning beans and melting lead falling on to my cousin Duchray, and tell him that I sight in a moment. Moufet is of opinion that every side. At that moment Lieut. Butler, am not dead. I fell down in swoon, and the ancients possessed an effectual method of seeing the perilous condition of his gallant com was carried into Fairyland, where I now am. preserving stuffs from the moth, because the rade, seized a cross-bow, and fastening a cord Tell him, that when he and my friends are as robes of Servius Tullius were preserved up to to a steel bolt, shot it up to Grant, who tying sembled at the baptism of my child (for he had the death of Sejanus, a period of more than it to the stone mullion of the window, slided left his wife pregnant), I will appear in the five hundred years. On turning to Pliny to down in a moment, and found himself secure room ; and that if he throws the knife which learn this secret, we find him relating, that stuff in the arms of his companions. The men of he holds in his hand over my head, I will be laid upon a coffin will be ever after safe from Waterford continued five days on the island, released, and restored to human society.' The moths; in the same way as a person once stung during which they captured or destroyed seventy man, it seems, neglected for some time to de- by a scorpion will never afterwards be stung by pinnaces belonging to O’Driscol, ruined the liver the message. Mr. Kirke appeared to a bee, or a wasp, or a hornet! Rhasis again castle and convert, and returned in triumph, him a second time, threatening to haunt him says, that cantharides suspended in a house loaded with booty.

night and day till he executed his commission, drive away moths; and, he adds, that they

- which at length he did. The time of the will not touch any thing wrapped in a lion's The Waverley Novels. Vol. VIII. Rob Roy. baptism arrived. They were seated at table ; skin ;— the poor little insects, says Réaumur

Vol. II. Edinburgh, 1830, Cadell and Co.; the figure of Mr. Kirke entered; but the sarcastically, being probably in bodily fear of London, Simpkin and Marshall.

Laird of Duchray, by some unaccountable so terrible an animal. Such are the stories Tuis publication goes on most prosperously-fatality, neglected to perform the prescribed which fill the imagination even of philosophers, 80 prosperously, indeed, as to be a subject of ceremony. Mr. Kirke retired by another door, till real science entirely expels them. The continued wonder even to those most sanguine and was seen no inore. It is firmly believed etfluvium of camphor or turpentine may some. in bookselling, and the greatest admirers of that he is at this day in Fairyland.'"

times kill them when in the winged state, but the genius of the author. The present vo. postscript contains the Duke of Montrose's this will have no effect upon their eggs, and lume, concluding the delightful novel of Rob original letter to the government relative to seldom upon the caterpillars ; for they wrap Roy, has very little of additional literary il. the seizure of Killearn while collecting his themselves up too closely to be easily reached lustration; though the frontispiece from Les-rents; and with great propriety mentions the by any agent except heat. This, when it can lie, and a viguette, with two horses charmingly indefatigable zeal of Mr. Robert Lemon, who l be conveniently applied, will be certain either

« ZurückWeiter »