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particular Cave, is, that after the Children of Ifrael were poffeffed of the Land of Canaan, we do not read that any body ever desir'd to be bury'd in that Cave; surely, because every Part of the Land being then become a Pledge of God's Grace, there was no more occasion for the particular Burying-place bought by Abrabam.

Our Author next inquires, into the Signi. fication of the Word Eévol Strangers, for whom St. Matthew tells us the Priests boughe the Potters-field for a Burying-ground a. Com: mentators do not agree who chefe Strangers were ; the common Opinion is, that they were Jews by Religion, tho? Strangers in Judea : Others think they were Heathens, and this is Mr. Holtius's Opinion ; he observes that tho, the Word Çevas signifies any Stranger, yet Pris used by the Authors ofthe New Testament, particularly for the Heathens, as it appears, says he, from that Passage of St. Paul, who says, (Eph. ii. 12.) that the Ephesians were Strangers from the Covenant of Promise. But I'll beg leave to observe, that the Apostle not fpeaking here of Strangers in general, but of Strangers from the Covenant of Promise, it doth not follow from thence, that the word Strangers, where it stands absolutely and without any. addition to determine its Signification, denotes a Heathen ; nay, if any body will be at the pains of consulting all the Places of the New Testament, where the Word Eivos occurs , he will find that except in the above-mention'd Paffage, it signifies no where a Heathen in op

position Matth. xxvii, 7. See Matth. XXV. 35, 38,43,44. . xxvii. 7. A&t. xvii. 18, 21. Rom. xvi. 23. Heb. xi. 13 vii.g. Pet. iv. 12. 3 Joh. Su

position to a Believer, but always what we call
a Stranger, or a Foreigner. But then, if Mr.
Holtius had took the Word in that Sense, he
would have lost all the sublime Mysteries he
discovers in the Priests buying a Burying-place
for the Heathens in the Land of Promise' : Before
we give any, account of these Mysteries, we
must take notice, that our Author himself starts
four Objections against his Explication of the
Word Eivos. One may object, says he, first,
That the Romans being Lords and Masters in
Judea, they could provide Burying-places for
themselves, without standing in need of having
them appointed by the Jews. Secondly, They
could not be satisfied with such a little defpica.
ble Place, as a Field bought at the Price of
thirty Pieces of Silver. Thirdly, The Care of
burying Strangers did not belong to the Priests.
Fourthly, If there was occasion for such a Bu-'
rying-place, it should have been bought long
before this time, even from the time, when the
Jews were first sübdu'd by the Romans. What
our Author answers to the first and second Ob-
jection, is in short, that this Burying-place
might have been appointed, not for the Roo
mans, or for the Chief of them, but for a
Multitude of Pagans, who from all Places re-
sorted to Jerusalem, either out of Curiosity, or
for the sake of Trade. The third Objection
seems to Mr. Holtius of no moment at all, and
entirely unworthy its Author, who is the famous
Grotius : for the Priests did take care of the
Burial of Strangers, not as Priests, but as Mem-
bers of the Sanhedrim, or Senate, to whom
they communicated that Affair, as it is positively
fail in the Text; and surely, it was as much the
Business of the Senate to assign a Burying-place

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for for Heathens, as it was to take care of the burying of them, that had been executed for their Crimes. But here we must observe, that Mr. Holtius has been a little too hasty, and did not carefully confider the Text of $t Matthew, who fays.. indeed, that the Chief Priests [Evubúnior neborns, that is took counsel; or considered among themselves, but has not a Word of their relating the Affair to the Senate. To the fourth, Objection may be answered, that there might have been already Burying places for Strangers, which being not sufficient; the Number of Strangers increasing daily, the Priests thought fit to buy anoilier Piece of Ground for the same purpose. :

WE come now to the Mysteries, our Au. thor finds in the Priests buying in the Land of Promise a Burying-place for Strangers, that is, in his Opinion, for Heathens. By this, says he, was fignified, Firsts. That the Heathens were shortly to become Believers, for Unbe. lievers were deny'd ai Burying-place in the Land of Canaan. Secondly, This was a Sign, that they should be Partakers of all the Blesa fings of Abrabam. Thirdly, This Buryingplace was bought for the Heathens, and was not their Property; and doth not this plainly intimate, that the Heathens were always to be Strangers in the Land of Canaan, buc Citizens of Heaven? This then was to them a fure Proof of a Re. furrection from the Dead..;" .. i !!..). • The second Differtation is intitled Ecclefia Cbriftus, The Church Cbrist; and is a sort of a Paraphrase on the eighth Pfalm. Mr. Holtius intends to Thew, that the Subject Matter of this Pfalm is the Church, i but with Christ at the Pri i viss OJ Siret in Head

Ch. xxvii. 71

Head of it. Every Sentence of that Pfalm is
explain's here in a very mystical Manner, and
that tco with the help of the Maforetick Accents,
which our Author knows excellently well how
to make use of. But as we think our Readers
are not very fond of these Mystical and Rabini-
cal Niceties, we shall not enter here into many
Particulars. However, to give the Reader à
Notion of Mr. Holtius's way of Reasoning, wę
shall observe, that altho' St. Paul, in his second
Chapter 'to the Hebrews, seems to apply the
eighth Psalm to Christ, yet our Author thinks,
both David and St. Paul speak of the Church.
For,, says he, in the preceding Chapter, the
Apostle has spoken of Christ's Dignity and Su-
pereminence over the Angels; so that in the
second Chapter, he must needs speak of the
Prerogatives of the Church, to which God has
granted what he never granted unto the An.
gels, namely, unto them he has not put into Sub-
jection the World to come, which he has submit-
ted to the Church. .
.: But, says our Author, if the Church is so
much above the Angels in Dignity, how can iç
be said of her, Thou bast made him (her) a little
lower than the Angels? Indeed, any body, but
Mr. Hóltius would be at a loss, how to solve
such an Objection : but for his part, he knows
how to get rid of it in a very gallant and easy
Manner. Thou hast made him (her) a little lower
than the Angels ; signifies with me, says he, In
a Mort time thou makest, bim E QUAL, , nay
SUPERIOR to the Angels, Thou raiseft him
to a Coadition ŅOT inferior to theirs. This is
truly a very good Way to explain the Scrip
[ure, and to make it support any Notion :a Man
may invent. I wonder Criticks should not fol-


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low the same Way to rid themselves of the Difi ficulties they find in the profàne Authors. : The third Differtation bears the Title of Remuneratio Apostolica, The Apojlles Reward. Here our Author undertakes to explain the eleventh Chapter of Zachariab; this Chapter, says he, contains a Prophecy very hard to understand, especially where it speaks of the Price, for which the Lord was sold, and which by St, Matthew is apply'd to Christ's being sold by Judas. Yet Mr. Holtius doch not doubt, but he may explain this Chapter in such a Manner, as to make it easy to the meanest Capacity. He looks upon the whole as a Vision of the Prophet ; the Shepherd, says he, who, by Jebon vab's Command, seems to feed the Flock of Slaughter, is not the Son of God, as many have thought, but Zachariab himself, who fancy'd he had transacted the whole Affair, as he here relates it. And no body, says our Author, cani doubt, but by this emblematical Prophecy, God intended to forewarn the Jews, of what Should happen to them, how difficult foever it be to know, what these things were. But Mr. Holtius, who is very clear-sighted, discovers here several Marks or Characters, which enable him to ascertain the precise Time, when this Prophecy was accomplish'd.

The first Mark, is the Destruction of the Temple, under the Emblem of Libanum, and of the City, by Fire ; which Deftruction was soon to happen, and to be followed by the O. verthrow of the whole Common-wealth, (Verse 1-3.) The same Destruction is spoken of in Verse the sixth, where it is further intimated, that the Jews Phould be destroy'd by their

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